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Encyclopedia > Pita
Pita topped with cucumber, hummus, and lamb.
Pita topped with cucumber, hummus, and lamb.
Pita fried on an outdoor fire.
Pita fried on an outdoor fire.

Pita (also called and more commonly known as pitta or pita bread and pronounced "pitta" in Greek[1]) is an often round, brown, wheat flatbread made with yeast. Look up pita, PITA in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (892x660, 516 KB) w:Pita being made on a fire. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (892x660, 516 KB) w:Pita being made on a fire. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Crisp bread Making Tortillas A flatbread is a simple bread made from flattened dough. ... Typical divisions Ascomycota (sac fungi) Saccharomycotina (true yeasts) Taphrinomycotina Schizosaccharomycetes (fission yeasts) Basidiomycota (club fungi) Urediniomycetes Sporidiales Yeasts are a growth form of eukaryotic microorganisms classified in the kingdom Fungi, with approximately 1,500 species described. ...


Similar to other double-layered flat or pocket breads, pita is traditional in many Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines. It is prevalent from North Africa through the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula to India and Afghanistan, coinciding with the spread of the Hellenistic world. Crisp bread Making Tortillas A flatbread is a simple bread made from flattened dough. ... The term Middle Eastern cuisine refers to the various cuisines of the Middle East. ... External links Mediterranean cuisine guide and recipes Categories: Stub | Mediterranean cuisine ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... Arabia redirects here. ... The term Hellenistic (derived from HéllÄ“n, the Greeks traditional self-described ethnic name) was established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to refer to the spreading of Greek culture over the non-Greek people that were conquered by Alexander the Great. ...


In Greek cuisine, pita may refer to thicker breads made with yeast, for example souvlaki pita[citation needed]. It may also refer to foods using many layers of dough of thickness less than 1mm, usually with many different ingredients in between, forming savoury pies such as tyropita and spanakopita or sweet pies such as baclava. Greek cuisine is the cuisine of Greece and of the Greeks . ... Souvlaki (Greek: Σουβλάκι) is a popular Greek fast food consisting of small pieces of meat and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of tyropita Tyropita or tiropita (IPA: ) is a Greek layered pastry food, made with layers of buttered filo dough and filled with a cheese-egg mixture. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Spanakopita Spanakopita is a Greek spinach pie, made with pre-cooked spinach, phyllo pastry, butter, olive oil, feta cheese, green onions, egg, and seasoning. ... Baclava is a diamond shaped Middle Eastern desert made with layers of pastry and filled with crushed walnuts (other nuts have also been used). ...


The Indian flatbread form of roti, is sometimes referred to as "Indian pita". It has been suggested that Chapati be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Etymology

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first mention of the word in English was in 1951, with references to Balkan, Greek, and especially Arab cuisine in the next three decades. The American Heritage Dictionary traces the word's origin to modern Greek for "pie," "cake," or "bread"; Webster's Unabridged Dictionary attributes it to the Hebrew פת (pat), for "loaf" or "morsel". The word pita (as פיתא) exists in the Aramaic of the Babylonian Talmud, referring to bread in general. In Serbian it means pie in general. Another possible etymology is from a Romanian archaic word for bread, pită. An alternative etymology traces the word to a cognate for pine pitch, which forms flat layers that may resemble pita bread, which in turn may share an etymological origin with pizza (Italian for "pie"). The word spread to Southern Italy as the name of a thin bread. In Northern Italian dialects pita became pizza, now known primarily as the bearer of savoury toppings but essentially still a flat bread. The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is a dictionary of American English published by Boston publisher Houghton-Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969. ... 1888 advertisement for Websters Dictionary Websters Dictionary is the common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, derived from American lexicographer Noah Webster. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a four-thousand year history. ... The first page of the Talmud, in the standard Vilna edition. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... This article is about the baked good, for other uses see Pie (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pizza (disambiguation). ...


Origin

Pita is now the western name for the Syrian bread called khubz adi (ordinary bread), other breads of Arab, Egyptian, or Syrian origin, or kumaj (a Turkish loanword properly meaning a bread cooked in ashes), all baked in a brick oven. It is slightly leavened wheat bread, flat, either round or oval, and variable in size. Early Arab cookery texts do not refer to khubz, since it was bought from specialists, not made in the home. However, it is safe to assume that its history extends far into antiquity, since flatbreads in general, whether leavened or not, are among the most ancient breads, needing no oven or even utensil for their baking. However the first signs of flat breads occur in and around Amorite Damascus[citation needed]. In the early centuries of our era, the traditional Greek word for a thin flat bread or cake, plakous, had become the name of a thicker cake. For the language, see Amorite language. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ...


Preparation

For the Greek souvlaki pita: Using wheat flour, water, some yeast and a tint of salt one prepares the dough. After some time, so that the yeast acts, the dough rises. Then this is shaped in a thin layer, in the dimensions and thickness required. This thin dough is then cooked in a stone floor oven, for the traditional Greek recipe, or over a thin, preferably convex, metal sheet over a fire, for the traditional Arab recipe.


For the layered pita: as above, without the usage of yeast, making a very thin layer of dough.


A good tip when heating a pita bread is to sprinkle water on either side. This stops the bread splitting


Eating habits

Pita is used to scoop sauces or dips such as hummus and to wrap sandwiches like kebabs, gyros or falafel. Most pita breads are baked at high temperatures (700°F or 370°C), causing the flattened rounds of dough to puff up dramatically. When removed from the oven the layers of baked dough remain separated inside the deflated pita, which allows the bread to be opened into pockets, creating a space for use in various dishes. Hummus or hummus bi tahini (Arabic: ; ‎; Armenian Õ°Õ¡Õ´Õ¸Õ½) also spelled hamos, houmous, hommos, hommus, hummos, hummous or humus) is a dip or spread made of ground chickpeas, sesame tahini, lemon juice, and garlic. ... This article is about the food item. ... Kebab (kebap in Turkish, kabab in Iran and India/Pakistan, also spelled kebob, kabob) means grilled (or broiled) meat in Persian and Turkish. ... This article is about the food dish. ... This article is about the Middle Eastern food. ... Some examples of baked food. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... Dough Dough is a paste made out of any cereals (grains) or leguminous crops by grinding with small amount of water. ... Oven depicted in a painting by Millet An oven is an enclosed compartment for heating, baking or drying. ...


In modern history (in the 1970s) much of pita's popularity in the Western world is due to this pocket. Instead of using pita to scoop foods, the pocket is filled with various ingredients to form a sandwich. These are sometimes called "pita pockets" or "pocket pitas". Certain manufacturers have taken steps in packaging to clarify the difference between pita (which has no pocket, and historically meant "flat") and pita pockets (which have pockets).


In Turkey, pita (called pide) typically has a soft, chewy texture and is pocketless. The pizza-like food called lahmacun is made with oval-shaped pieces of pide dough that are topped with finely chopped meat and herbs before baking. Lahmacun Lahmajun (IPA: ), sometimes called Turkish pizza or Armenian pizza, is an Anatolian dish usually made up of a round and thin piece of dough topped with various meats (most commonly beef and lamb) and vegetables. ...


In Greece, pita is eaten with dips such as tzatziki. Moreover it is part of the quintessential Greek fast food pita-souvlaki and pita-gyros. These types of sandwiches involve the wrapping of souvlaki or gyros with tzatziki, tomatoes, french fries, and condiments into a pita bread. Tzatziki in a glass bowl. ... Souvlaki (Greek: Σουβλάκι) is a popular Greek fast food consisting of small pieces of meat and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer. ... This article is about the food dish. ...


In the Balkans pita most often refers to a thin filo layered dish often containing cottage cheese, meat or spinach. Throughout much of Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Macadeonia, and Croatia pita is a street food that is also referred to as burek. Stuffed pita is part of national cuisine of Bosnia and Herzegovina but it is popular in other parts of ex-Yugoslavia. Balkan redirects here. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...


In Bulgarian cuisine, pita is served on special occasions. Its preparation and consumption have ritual meaning. For example, on the night before Christmas Eve, (Bulgarian: Бъдни вечер - badni vecher) each housewife prepares a pita and decorates it with symbols to bring fertility to the cattle and a rich harvest from the fields, as well as prosperity to each member of the household. She hides a nickel in it, and it is believed that whoever finds it in their piece will be the healthiest and the wealthiest of the family. Prior to marriage, a bride's future mother-in-law prepares a pita for the newlyweds and sifts the flour seven times, so that the pita will be soft as their future life together. Pita is also prepared when dear guests are expected. A traditional welcome in Bulgaria includes pita and salt or honey. The meaning of this ritual can be found in the expression "to welcome someone with bread and salt" (since bread is an important part of Bulgarian cuisine - and as a Bulgarian proverb says, "no one is bigger than bread", and the salt is the basic ingredient that gives flavour to every meal). This is how the hosts show that the guests are desired and that they wish to share their meal with them.[citation needed] Bread and salt is a Slavic welcome greeting ceremony. ... Bulgarian cuisine (Bulgarian: българска кухня) is representative of the cuisine of the Balkans, showing Turkish, Greek and Middle Eastern influences and to a lesser extent Italian, Mediterranean and Hungarian ones. ...


In Israeli and Palestinian cuisine, it is the custom to eat almost everything in a Pita. Falafel, lamb or chicken shwarma and Kabab, omelets such as shakshouka (eggs and tomatoes) and hummus and other salads in a pita. This pita, however, is slightly thicker and smaller than the Lebanese version, and tends to be a mixture of whole and white wheats. This is not to be mistaken for Khubiz Saj, used to make the famous Palestinian dish Musakhan (and also often used in making shwarma). This article is about the Middle Eastern food. ... Shawarma, (sometimes spelled as shwarma, schwarma or shoarma) is a Middle Eastern cuisine dish of fine ribbons of spicy lamb meat, similar to Greek gyros, Turkish döner kebab and Mexican taco al pastor. ... Shakshouka, or Shakshuka (a word that comes from Leshakshek, a Hebrew word meaning to shake) is a simple Israeli dish consisting of eggs, tomatoes, and onions or garlic. ... Hummus or hummus bi tahini (Arabic: ; ‎; Armenian Õ°Õ¡Õ´Õ¸Õ½) also spelled hamos, houmous, hommos, hommus, hummos, hummous or humus) is a dip or spread made of ground chickpeas, sesame tahini, lemon juice, and garlic. ...


Variations

The Lebanese pita, or Kmaj, is similar to the Cyprus pita except that the Lebanese pita is 2" longer in elongation. Agio Basilo pita ('Saint Basil bread', or Vasilopita) is like a cake or tart, with a single layer of sponge cake or bread that is typically circular and flat. While Vasilopita is a Byzantine Christian tradition, similar breads are cooked for winter festivals by other cultures in the region.[2] Basil (ca. ... Vasilopita (Βασιλόπιτα) is a traditional New Years Day bread or cake in Greece and many other areas in eastern Europe and the Balkans which contains a hidden coin or trinket which gives good luck to the receiver. ... Vasilopita (Βασιλόπιτα) is a traditional New Years Day bread or cake in Greece and many other areas in eastern Europe and the Balkans which contains a hidden coin or trinket which gives good luck to the receiver. ...


See also

Lafa is a type of Arabic flat pastry, which serves as a replacement to bread. ... This article is about the Mexican Tortilla. ... Home-made Russian-style blini with sour cream, roe and chopped onion. ... The base material for multiple crêpes A sweet crêpe opened up, with whipped cream and strawberry sauce on it A crêpe (pronounced IPA /kreɪp/, French /kʀɛp/) is a type of very thin raw fish usually made grown in the ocean or sea. ... Two pancakes with maple syrup. ... An Indian girl baking chapatis. ... Piadina Piadina or piada is a thin Italian flatbread, typically prepared in Romagna provinces (Forlì-Cesena, Ravenna and Rimini). ... A bakery near Kabul, Afghanistan Naan (Hindi: नान, Urdu/Persian: نان, IPA [nɑn]) is a round flatbread made of white flour. ...

References

  1. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  2. ^ Margaret M. Hasluck, "The Basil-Cake of the Greek New Year", Folklore 38:2:143 (June 30, 1927) JSTOR

Margaret Masson Hardie Hasluck, born June 18, 1885 in Elgin, Scotland, died October 18, 1948 in Dublin, was an English classicist, folklorist, geographer, linguist, epigrapher and archaeologist. ...

External links

Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Pita
Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pita - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (555 words)
Pita (also called pitta or pita bread or Turkish pide bread, Cyrillic пита, Arabic كماج Kmaj) is a round flat wheat bread made with yeast.
Pita and other flat or pocket bread is traditional in many Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines from North Africa through the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula to India and Afghanistan and is believed to have originated in Ancient Syria.
Pita is used to scoop sauces or dips such as hummus and to wrap sandwiches such as kebabs, gyros or falafel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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