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Encyclopedia > Pirin
Vihren from the south
Vihren from the south
Kamenitsa Peak and the lake Tevno ezero
Kamenitsa Peak and the lake Tevno ezero
South Pirin in the distance seen from Kalimantsi village
South Pirin in the distance seen from Kalimantsi village
The Gazey peak looked from Polejan and the Upper Gazey Lake
The Gazey peak looked from Polejan and the Upper Gazey Lake

The Pirin Mountains (Bulgarian: Пирин) are a mountain range in southwestern Bulgaria, with Vihren (2,914 m high) the highest peak, situated at 41°45′50″N, 23°25′30″E. The range extends about 40 km northwest-southeast, and about 25 km wide. Most of the range is protected in a national park, the Pirin National Park. Image File history File links View of Vihren, Pirin Mountains, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links View of Vihren, Pirin Mountains, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Tevno_ezero_i_Kamenica. ... Image File history File links Tevno_ezero_i_Kamenica. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1107 KB) The Pirin mountains as seen from a hill above Kalimantsi village. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1107 KB) The Pirin mountains as seen from a hill above Kalimantsi village. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... View of Vihren Peak from Vihren chalet Vihren (Вихрен) is the Pirin Mountains highest peak. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... This article is about national parks. ... Vihren, the highest summit of Pirin, is located within the park Baykusheva mura, a 24-metre-tall Bosnian Pine, the oldest tree in Bulgaria A lake in the National Park Pirin National Park is a World Heritage national park that encompasses the larger part of the Pirin Mountains in the...


Pirin is noted for its rich flora and fauna. Much of the area is forested, with the best conifer woods in Bulgaria, holding important populations of the Balkan endemic species Macedonian Pine, Bosnian Pine and Bulgarian Fir. Animals include the Wolf and the Brown Bear. In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Binomial name Pinus peuce Griseb. ... Binomial name Pinus heldreichii H. Christ The Bosnian Pine (Pinus heldreichii, synonym ; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine that occurs in the mountains of southeastern Europe, in southwestern Bulgaria, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece (south to Italy, growing at 900-2,500 m altitude. ... Binomial name Abies borisii-regis Mattf. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Bears are big and have big ass, thats why bears are hot, and thats why cats are not. ...


The town of Bansko, an important tourism and winter sports centre, is situated on the northeast slopes of the Pirin Mountains. The town of Razlog lies in a valley between Pirin to the south and the Rila Mountains to the north. Bansko (Bulgarian: ) is a town in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of Pirin at an altitude of 1936 m above sea level. ... Tourist redirects here. ... A winter sport is a sport commonly played during winter. ... View over Razlog with the mountains in the background Razlog (Bulgarian: ) is a town in the Blagoevgrad Province in southwestern Bulgaria. ... The Razlog Valley (Bulgarian: , Razhlozhka kotlovina) is a valley in southwestern Bulgaria located between the high Rila (to the north and northwest), Pirin (to the south and southwest) and Rhodope Mountains (to the east). ... Rila as seen from Kostenets Climbers near Musala in Rila The average annual precipitation in Rila is several times the average for Bulgaria The Seven Rila Lakes The source of the Maritsa under Marishki vrah Landscape from Rila close to the Seven Lakes The Rila Monastery Rila (Bulgarian: ) is a...

Contents

Geography

Pirin is the second highest mountain range in Pirinska Makedonija after Rila (2,925 m) and the seventh highest in Europe after the Caucasus, the Alps, Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees, Mount Etna and the aforementioned Rila when each is represented by its highest peak only. It has an area of 2,585 km² and an average height of 1,033 m. Pirin is set in the southwest of the country between the Struma and Mesta Rivers, bordering Rila to the north at the Predel Saddle (1,142 m) and Slavyanka to the south at the Parilska Saddle (1,170 m). The distance between these two points is 60 km from the northwest to the southeast and the maximum width of Pirin is 40 km from the town of Sandanski to the village of Obidim. Other neighbouring mountains include Vlahina, Maleshevo, Osogovo and Ograzhden to the west, as well as the Rhodopes to the east. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Alp redirects here. ... Situation of Sierra Nevada in the Iberian Peninsula. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ... Etna redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Struma (Bulgarian: Струма, Greek: Strimonis, Turkish: Karasu (meaning black water in Turkish)) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ... Mesta (Bulgarian: Места) or Nestos (Greek: Νέστος) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ... Slavyanka (Bulgarian: , Slavic woman) or Orvilos (Greek: ), formerly known as AlibotuÅŸ (from Turkish) and Kitka Planina (Китка планина) is a mountain located on the border of southwestern Bulgaria and northernmost Greece, located south of the Pirin Mountains and connected with it by the Parilska Saddle. ... Sandanski (Bulgarian: , formerly Свети Врач, Sveti Vrach) is a town and recreation centre in southwestern Bulgaria, part of Blagoevgrad Province. ... Obidim (Bulgarian: Обидим) is a village in the Blagoevgrad Province, southwestern Bulgaria. ... Vlahina (Bulgarian: ) or Vlaina (Macedonian: ), meaning Vlach [mountain] is a mountain on the border of southwestern Bulgaria and eastern Republic of Macedonia. ... The Maleshevo mountain (Bulgarian: Малешевска планина) is situted in southwestern Bulgaria and eastern Republic of Macedonia. ... Osogovo (Bulgarian and Macedonian Cyrillic: Осогово) or Osogovska Planina (Осоговска планина or Осоговска Планина) is a mountain between southwestern Bulgaria (Kyustendil Province) and northeastern Republic of Macedonia. ... Ograzhden (Macedonian and Bulgarian Cyrillic: Огражден) is a mountain shared by northeastern Republic of Macedonia and southwestern Bulgaria, part of the Belasitsa-Osogovo group. ... The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ...


Geologically and geographically Pirin is divided into three parts: a north, central and south one, which are however not equal in size and tourist attractivity.

  • North Pirin is the largest of the subdivisions and the mountain's downright part. It takes up 74% of the whole range's territory, being about 42 km long and ranging from Predel to the north to the Todorova Polyana Saddle (1,883 m) to the south. North Pirin is the most often visited part of the mountain, the only one to have an Alpine appearance, featuring many lakes, resthouses and shelters, and also the one where the highest peak, Vihren, is located. It is further subdivided into several parts due to its size: Mramor Part, North Central Part, South Central Part, Polezhan Part, Kamenitsa Part, Sinanitsa Part and Debeli Rid Part.
  • Central Pirin extends between the Todorova Polyana Saddle and the Popovi Livadi Saddle. It constitutes the smallest (7%) and shortest part, being only 7 km long. The highest peak is Orelyak (2,099 m), while the other peaks are under 2,000 m and heavily forested, usually deciduous. There are only two resthouses, Popovi Livadi and Malina.
  • South Pirin is the lowest and most round part, the highest peak being Svesthnik at 1,975 m. It occupies 17% of Pirin and is about 11 km long and wide. Well forested with coniferous and deciduous trees, it is the most rarely visited part of the mountains and thus lacks any resthouses.

Alp redirects here. ... View of Vihren Peak from Vihren chalet Vihren (Вихрен) is the Pirin Mountains highest peak. ...

Geology, relief and peaks in Pirin

View of a lake and marble peak
View of a lake and marble peak
Panorama from (Golyam) Polezhan – 2851 m
Panorama from (Golyam) Polezhan – 2851 m

By its geological structure Pirin is a massive elevation with granite nucleus (the granite surface is 62%) covered mainly with ancient metamorphous rocks. It forms as a mountain during the Tertiary. Its hoisting alternated with long tranquil periods. Glaciation occurred in the beginning of the Quaternary. According to some scientists there were even two glaciations, during which the lower line of the ice was at 2,200-2,300 metres. These glaciations lead to partial crushings in the granite peaks and gradually formed beautiful alpine edges, moraine fields and vertical cliffs dropping to dizzy abysses. During that very period the granite peaks lowered and the present marble peaks took a leading position in height, because of the specifities of the marble. As a result of the ice many cirques were formed most of which now contain shining glacial lakes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 278 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 278 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Tertiary geological time interval covers roughly the time span between the demise of the non-avian dinosaurs and beginning of the most recent Ice Age, approximately 65 million to 1. ... The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ...


The main Pirin ridge is clearly distinguished; it comes from Rila, passes through the Predel saddle and all the saddles as far as the Parilska saddle. It links the separate smaller ridges of the mountain into one system with the highest peaks situated on it. Although it curves a lot, its main direction is from the northwest to southeast and is also a watershed between the Struma and Mesta valleys. There are many spurs but four of them are so large that they create the appearance of the mountain: Sinanishko, Todorino, Polejansko and Kamenishko. Rila as seen from the space Rila as seen from Kostenets Malyovitsa (right), Little Malyovitsa (left) and the Eaglet (middle) Rila (Bulgarian: ) is a mountain range in southwestern Bulgaria and the highest mountain range of Bulgaria and the Balkans, with its highest peak being Musala at 2,925 m. ... The Struma (Bulgarian: Струма, Greek: Strimonis, Turkish: Karasu (meaning black water in Turkish)) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ... Mesta (Bulgarian: Места) or Nestos (Greek: Νέστος) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ...

The Sinanitsa Peak
The Sinanitsa Peak
The Upper Vasilashko Lake
The Upper Vasilashko Lake

There are two peaks above 2,900 m, Vihren and Kutelo; seven above 2,800 m; 17 above 2,700 m; 32 above 2,600 m and 40 above 2,500 m. The highest granite peak is the Banderishki Chukar (2,732 m). The 20 highest peaks are: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Gorno_Vasilashko_ezero. ... Image File history File links Gorno_Vasilashko_ezero. ... View of Vihren Peak from Vihren chalet Vihren (Вихрен) is the Pirin Mountains highest peak. ... Kutelo (in the front) and Vihren (back) viewed from the Horse Edge Kutelo (Bulgarian: Кутело) is the second highest peak in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria (2,908 m). ...

The Todorka Peak
The Todorka Peak
  1. Vihren – 2914 m
  2. Kutelo – 2908 m
  3. Banski Suhodol – 2884 m
  4. (Golyam) Polezhan – 2851 m
  5. Kamenitsa – 2822 m
  6. Malak Polezhan – 2822 m
  7. Bayuvi Dupki – 2820 m
  8. Yalovarnika – 2763 m
  9. Kaymakchal – 2763 m
  10. Gazey – 2761 m
  11. (Golyama) Todorka – 2746 m
  12. Banderishki Chukar – 2732 m
  13. Dzhengal – 2730 m
  14. Momin Dvor – 2723 m
  15. Bashliyski Chukar – 2720 m
  16. Bezimenen Vrah – 2712 m
  17. Malka Todorka – 2712 m
  18. Chengelchal – 2709 m
  19. Disilitsa – 2700 m
  20. Kamenishka Kukla – 2690 m

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 356 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Изработено от Потребител:Lotroo . ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 356 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Изработено от Потребител:Lotroo . ... View of Vihren Peak from Vihren chalet Vihren (Вихрен) is the Pirin Mountains highest peak. ... Kutelo (in the front) and Vihren (back) viewed from the Horse Edge Kutelo (Bulgarian: Кутело) is the second highest peak in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria (2,908 m). ... The Gazey peak looked from Polejan and the Upper Gazey Lake Gazey (Bulgarian: Газей) is a peak in the Pirin mountain, Bulgaria situated on a small sideward ridge of the Polejansli Ridge. ... The Dzhengal Peak The Dzhengal Peak up-close in late April Dzhengal (Bulgarian: Дженгал) is a peak on the Bulgarian Pirin mountain range. ...

Waters and lakes

The Popinolashki waterfall
The Popinolashki waterfall
View of the Popovsko lake from Dzhano
View of the Popovsko lake from Dzhano
The Samodivski Lakes
The Samodivski Lakes

Pirin is known with its abundance of water. Many rivers take their sourses from the mountains; they belong to the Struma and Mesta catchment areas. The rivers are short, turbulent and with high waters, with high inclination which forms many leaps and rapids. There is only one distinctive waterfall, the Popinolashki waterfall, which is 12 m high. The main ridge is the watershed between the two catchment areas. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 418 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (700 × 1004 pixel, file size: 273 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Изработено от Потребител:Lotroo . ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 418 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (700 × 1004 pixel, file size: 273 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Изработено от Потребител:Lotroo . ... Image File history File links Popovo_ezero_ot_Jano. ... Image File history File links Popovo_ezero_ot_Jano. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Struma (Bulgarian: Струма, Greek: Strimonis, Turkish: Karasu (meaning black water in Turkish)) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ... Mesta (Bulgarian: Места) or Nestos (Greek: Νέστος) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ... The Popinolashki waterfall The Popinolashki waterfall (Bulgarian: Попинолъшки водопад) is a waterfall in the Bulgarias Pirin mountain. ...


Noticeable rivers which flow into the Mesta are: Mesta (Bulgarian: Места) or Nestos (Greek: Νέστος) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ...

  • Iztok (East) which runs through the Razlog Valley and have numerous smaller tributaries.
  • Pleshka river, which passes through the village of Dobrinishte.
  • Bezbozhka river.
  • Retije river which pours out from the Popovo Lake.
  • The rivers Kamenitsa, Breznitsa, Korpitsa.

Noticeable rivers which flow into the Struma are: The Razlog Valley (Bulgarian: , Razhlozhka kotlovina) is a valley in southwestern Bulgaria located between the high Rila (to the north and northwest), Pirin (to the south and southwest) and Rhodope Mountains (to the east). ... Dobrinishte (Bulgarian: ) is a village in the Blagoevgrad Province, southwestern Bulgaria. ... View of the Popovsko lake from Dzhano The Popovo Lake is the largest of the eleven Popovo Lakes. ... The Struma (Bulgarian: Струма, Greek: Strimonis, Turkish: Karasu (meaning black water in Turkish)) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ...

  • Vlachina river which pour out from the lakes of the same name.
  • Sandanska Bistritsa, which forms a large valley, takes many tributaries and runs through Sandanski.
  • Melnishka river.
  • Pirinska Bistritsa, which serves for a border between Bulgaria and Greece to the south.

One of the most picturesque parts of Pirin's landscape are 176 crystal-clear mountain lakes which are called the eyes of the mountain in the Bulgarian folklore. All of them have glacial origin and are usually situated at the bottom of spectacular cirques surrounded by rugged marble slopes and snow-capped peaks. The largest lake is the Popovo Lake, which is also the deepest one in Pirin. Other beautiful lakes include Banderishki Lakes, Valyavishki Lakes, Vasilashki Lakes, Vlahini Lakes, Kremenski Lakes, Samodivski Lakes, Sinanishko Lake. The lakes are extremely popular among the tourists. The largest lake in Pirin by surface area is forth in Bulgaria, the deepest lake is second in the country, which the highest lake is also the highest not only in Bulgaria but also in the Balkans. Sandanski (Bulgarian: , formerly Свети Врач, Sveti Vrach) is a town and recreation centre in southwestern Bulgaria, part of Blagoevgrad Province. ... Iceberg Cirque in Glacier National Park, USA The Lower Curtis Glacier, North Cascades National Park, is a well developed cirque glacier. ... View of the Popovsko lake from Dzhano The Popovo Lake is the largest of the eleven Popovo Lakes. ... Vihren seen from the Long lake The Banderishki Lakes are a large group of lakes in the Pirin mountains, southwestern Bulgaria. ... The Valyavishki Lakes (Bulgarian: Валявишки езера) is a group of lakes in the northern parts Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria and includes 10 lakes. ... The Vasilashki Lakes (Bulgarian: Василашки езера) are situated in Pirin, Bulgaria in a large cirque between the Todorka and Vasilashki Chukar peaks. ... The Vlahini Lakes (Bulgarian: Влахини езера) is a group of four lakes in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria situated at 1,5 km to the southwest from Vihren. ... The Kremenski lakes seen from the Dzhano peak Kremenski Lakes is a lake group in the Pirin mountains, southwestern Bulgaria composed of two larger and two smaller lakes situated in a narrow but salient cirque of the same name. ... The Samodivski Lakes The Samodivski Lakes (Bulgarian: Самодивски езера) is a small group of lakes in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria, part of the larger group of Popovski lakes. ... The Sinanishko Lake The Sinanishko Lake (Bulgarian: Синанишко езеро) is a lake in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria, situated below the Sinanitsa Peak in the small Sinanitsa Cirque at an altitude of 2181 m. ... Balkan redirects here. ...


The largest and most important lake groups are:

There are also many lakes which are not part of groups: Sinanishko, Bezbozhko, Dautovo and others. View of the Popovsko lake from Dzhano The Popovo Lake is the largest of the eleven Popovo Lakes. ... The Kremenski lakes seen from the Dzhano peak Kremenski Lakes is a lake group in the Pirin mountains, southwestern Bulgaria composed of two larger and two smaller lakes situated in a narrow but salient cirque of the same name. ... Vihren seen from the Long lake The Banderishki Lakes are a large group of lakes in the Pirin mountains, southwestern Bulgaria. ... The Vasilashki Lakes (Bulgarian: Василашки езера) are situated in Pirin, Bulgaria in a large cirque between the Todorka and Vasilashki Chukar peaks. ... The Valyavishki Lakes (Bulgarian: Валявишки езера) is a group of lakes in the northern parts Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria and includes 10 lakes. ... The Vlahini Lakes (Bulgarian: Влахини езера) is a group of four lakes in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria situated at 1,5 km to the southwest from Vihren. ... The Tipits Lakes (Bulgarian: Типицки езера) are located in northern Pirin. ...


There are also tiny glaciers (ice which does not melt throughout the year) in the Golemiya Kazan (The Big Cauldron) under Vihren (90x40 m) and Kamenitsa. Golemiya Kazan (Bulgarian: Големия казан) is part of a country below Vihren called Kazanite in the Bulgarias Pirin mountain. ... View of Vihren Peak from Vihren chalet Vihren (Вихрен) is the Pirin Mountains highest peak. ...


Nature

Edelweiss under the Koncheto slope
Edelweiss under the Koncheto slope

Pirin has rich and varied flora and fauna. More than 1,300 plant species have been found up to this moment, which is roughly 1/3 all plant species to be found in the country; 320 lichen species; several hundred algae species. There are 18 endemic plant species which include Pirin Poppy, Pirin Meadowsweet, Pirin Thyme, David Mullein and other. Many plants are extremely rare and under protection such as the beautiful Edelweiss. The vegetation is vertically zoned into three elevation lines: tree, subalpine and alpine. The tree line is covered predominantly with coniferous species such as European Black Pine, Scots Pine, Macedonian Pine, Bosnian Pine, Spruce, Bulgarian Fir and reaches approximately altitude of 2,000 m. Up to 2,500 m is the subalpine line, dominated by Mountain Pine and Juniper whose size decrease as the altitude rises. The alpine line is situated above 2,500 m, covered with grass, moss, lichen and abundant in Bilberry. The vegetation around the streams and the lakes is more specific with Pinworm being common. The most famous tree in Pirin is the Baikushev's Pine, names after the forest-guard who found it. This tree is more than 1,300 years old which makes it almost as ancient as Bulgaria. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Leontopodium alpinum Cass. ... Binomial name Pinus nigra J.F.Arnold The European Black Pine Pinus nigra (generally called Black Pine in Europe), is a variable species of pine, occurring across southern Europe from Spain to the Crimea, and also in Asia Minor, Cyprus, and locally in the Atlas Mountains of northwest Africa. ... Binomial name L. Distribution The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine native to Europe and Asia, ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia, south to the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. ... Binomial name Pinus peuce Griseb. ... Binomial name Pinus heldreichii H. Christ The Bosnian Pine (Pinus heldreichii, synonym ; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine that occurs in the mountains of southeastern Europe, in southwestern Bulgaria, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece (south to Italy, growing at 900-2,500 m altitude. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Binomial name Abies borisii-regis Mattf. ... Binomial name Pinus mugo Turra Mountain Pine or Mugo Pine (Pinus mugo) is a high altitude European pine, found in the Pyrenees, Alps, Erzgebirge, Carpathians, northern Appennines and Balkan Peninsula mountains from (mostly) 1,000 m to 2,200 m, occasionally as low as 200 m in the north of... Species Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... For other uses, see Bilberry (disambiguation). ... The pinworm (Genus Enterobius) is a parasitic roundworm of the phylum Nematoda. ... The Baikushevs Pine The Baikushevs Pine (Bulgarian: Байкушевата мура) is a coniferous tree from the species Bosnian Pine (Pinus heldreichii) situated in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria. ...

The Baikushev's Pine
The Baikushev's Pine
Spruce
Spruce

There are more than 2,000 invertebrates (spiders, centipedes, insects, snails) and 250 vertebrate species. The latter include 177 bird, 45 mammal and only 6 fish species. Many of these are endangered and need special protection: Imperial Eagle, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker. The most common animals include: Chamois, Brown Bear, Wolf, Roe Deer, Fox, Eagles and Falcons, Capercaillie. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x800, 149 KB) Pinus heldreichii 1300 years old - Pirin mountain in Bulgaria File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pirin National Park ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x800, 149 KB) Pinus heldreichii 1300 years old - Pirin mountain in Bulgaria File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pirin National Park ... Download high resolution version (737x1020, 375 KB)Norway Spruce from [1] posted via de:Bild:Tannen. ... Download high resolution version (737x1020, 375 KB)Norway Spruce from [1] posted via de:Bild:Tannen. ... For other uses, see Spider (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Centipede (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - extinct Thysanura (common bristletails) Subclass Pterygota Diaphanopteroidea - extinct Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Blattodea (cockroaches) Mantodea (mantids) Isoptera (termites) Zoraptera Grylloblattodea Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets... For other uses, see Snail (disambiguation). ... Imperial Eagle The Imperial Eagle is a symbol of the Imperium in the Warhammer 40,000 universe. ... Binomial name Picoides tridactylus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides tridactylus, is a medium-sized woodpecker. ... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ... Bears are big and have big ass, thats why bears are hot, and thats why cats are not. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... This article is about the animal. ... Genera Several, see text. ... For other uses, see Falcon (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), also known as the Wood Grouse or more specifically Western Capercaillie is the largest member of the grouse family, reaching over 100 cm in length and 4 kg in weight. ...


In order to protect the rich wildlife in the mountain the Vihren National Park was created in 1962, which was renamed Pirin National Park in 1975. It has an area of 403,32 km². The park protects the largest forests of Macedonian and Bosnian Pine in the country as well as many rare and endemic species. There are several nature reserves which account for 15% of the total area. The National Park was designed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vihren, the highest summit of Pirin, is located within the park Baykusheva mura, a 24-metre-tall Bosnian Pine, the oldest tree in Bulgaria A lake in the National Park Pirin National Park is a World Heritage national park that encompasses the larger part of the Pirin Mountains in the... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pirin
  • Information portal of Pirin and Bansko - hotels, news, forum, ski conditions
  • Pirin National Park
  • Pictures from Pirin
  • Useful site (in Bulgarian only)
  • Todorka peak and Bansko - interactive panorama shot from the ski-track (QTVR)
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pirin: Information from Answers.com (621 words)
The town of Razlog lies in a valley between Pirin to the south and the Rila Mountains to the north.
Pirin is the second highest mountain in Bulgaria after Rila (2,925 m) and the sixth highest in Europe after the Caucasus, the Alps, Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees, Mount Etna and the aforementioned Rila when each is represented by its highest peak only.
Pirin is set in the southwest of the country between the Struma and Mesta Rivers, bordering Rila to the north at the Predel Saddle (1,142 m) and Slavyanka to the south at the Parilska Saddle (1,170 m).
OMO Ilinden PIRIN Program (2703 words)
Party OMO "ILINDEN" - Pirin is a heir apparent of the most steady and constructive traditions of the struggling organizations in the Pirin Macedonia - of VMRO from the period of its formation to the death of Jane Sandansky in 1915, and restored in 1990 by the name of "OMO Ilinden".
OMO - PiRIN insists on the restoration and preservation of national and cultural wealth of the Macedonians as Bulgarian citizens, and in particular, on the preservation of the ethnic, cultural and language originality of all the national minorities in the Republic of Bulgaria.
Pirin Macedonia is a region having remarkable natural resources and incomparable and unique natural and architectural places, some of which are unmatched throughout the Europe and are of significance for the world natural heritage.
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