Piranshahr (Persian: پیرانشهر , meaning City of Piran and is derived from the name of the local tribe of Piran , also local: Xanê (trans. Khane)) is a city located in West Azarbaijan Province in the northwest of Iran. The population of the city was around 109,000 inhabitants in 2005. The city is located west of Lake Urmia at the elevation of about 1,300 metres above sea level. The tribes of Piranshahr are divided into 3 groups namely Piran, Mamesh and Mangoor, which all these together are called "Bilbas". These tribes have their own unique lifestyles including seasonal migration. âFarsiâ redirects here. ...
West Azarbaijan or West Azerbaijan (Persian: Ø¢Ø°Ø±Ø¨Ø§ÛØ¬Ø§Ù ØºØ±Ø¨Û ÄzÄrbÄijÄn-e GharbÄ«; Kurdish: AzerbaycanÃ® Rojawa; Azeri: QÉrbi AzÉrbaycan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...
Lake Urmia (Persian: Ø¯Ø±ÛØ§ÚÙ Ø§Ø±ÙÙ
ÛÙ) is a salt lake in northwestern Iran between the provinces of East Azarbaijan and West Azarbaijan, west of the southern portion of the similarly shaped Caspian Sea. ...
Seasonal human migration is very common in agricultural cycles. ...
Piranshahr is the county seat of Piranshahr County and its inhabitants are sometimes referred to as Piranshahris or Khanavis. Piranshahr County (Persian: Ø´ÙØ±Ø³ØªØ§Ù Ù¾ÛØ±Ø§ÙØ´ÙØ±) is a county in West Azarbaijan Province in Iran. ...
Piranshahr is on the border between Iran and Iraq, and the high mountains of Siyah Kooh and Sipan lie respectively to the northwest and south. The River Zaab originates in these mountains.
The city of Piranshahr produces a full range of over 100 different granite materials in a variety of colours and textures. The quality and the beauty of Piranshahr stones are one of the best-known in the world, especially in Italy and Portugal.
The history of Piranshahr can be traced back to the Palaeolithic period. In recent discoveries, archeologists have found artifacts dating back to the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze and Iron ages.The earliest evidence of settlement in the Piranshar region date to about 14,000 years ago. // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ...
This July 2007 does not cite any references or sources. ...
The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ...
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ...
The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...
Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ...
Piranshahr (Khaneh), according to many historians, is believed to be the birthplace of the prophet Zarathustra, the founder of Zoroastrianism.
The city of Piranshahr is a very ancient settlement. Its locale was the capital of some ancient Aryan civilizations such as Mehr, Parsua and according to some sources, the kingdoms of the Mannaeans.
During ancient times, Piranshahr was past through the hands of several dynasties and kingdoms, such as Media, the Achaemenid Empire, and Atropatene, and was home to a tribe called the Sagartians. With the Islamic conquest of Persia in the 7th century, the Median residents were converted and the city of Piranshahr became Muslim. After the arrival of the Seljuk Turks in the 11th century the city became Turkified over several centuries and the language of the city's residents eventually became Turkic.
Piranshahr experiences variable weather, including four distinct seasons. In July, the warmest month, high temperatures average 29 °C (84 °F), and low temperatures 17 °C (63 °F). In January, the coldest month, High temperatures average -2 °C (29 °F), with low temperatures averaging -11 °C (13 °F).
Piranshahr's yearly precipitation averages about 965 mm (38 inches). Summer is the rainiest season, with short-lived rainfall and thunderstorms more common than prolonged rainy periods . Winter is the driest season, with most of the precipitation falling as snow.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Piranshahr is an unofficial 44 °C (109 °F) on July 24, 1935. The highest official temperature ever recorded is 42 °C (105 °F) on July 17, 1995 during the Piranshahr Heat Wave. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Piranshahr is -33 °C (-27 °F) on January 20, 1985. On December 24, 1983, the high temperature at Piranshahr reached only -23 °C (-11 °F), and on July 30, 1916, the low temperature sank to only 29 °C (84 °F), both of which are records.
Winter in Piranshahr is a variable and fickle season. The average Piranshahr winter produces 940 mm (37.0 inches) of snow. This number can prove unreliable, as Piranshahr winters have produced between 249 and 2210 mm (9.8 and 87.0 inches) of snow. Snow tends to fall in light accumulations of around 50.8 mm (2 inches), but about once per year Piranshahr experiences a storm that can produce 254 to 356 mm (10 to 14 inches) of snow in one day. Temperatures can vary wildly within the span of one week, but extended periods of temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) are not uncommon in January and February. The temperature in January averages about -4 °C (25 °F) in the afternoon, and -12 °C (10 °F) at night. Temperatures can be expected to drop below -18 °C (0 °F) on 15 days throughout the winter season. Although rare, temperatures in Piranshahr even in the middle of winter can reach 10 °C (50 °F).
Piranshahr has no active or dormant volcanoes and few earthquakes, however many residents of Piranshahr city feel one or two minor earthquakes per year, which do little or no damage. Imperceptible quakes are detected by seismometers on a daily basis.
On Saturday , September 04, 1910, Piranshahr was struck by an earthquake of magnitude 8.1 on the Richter scale, which resulted in a death toll estimated 12,000 and 8,000 people were injured, and leaving another 20,000 homeless. The rescue workers saved more than 4,000 souls.More than one ten thousand housing units were destroyed, together with many buildings.
Mukryan Rural Cooperative Organization has bought some 470,000 tons of wheat, valued at Rls.840 billion, from farmers since the beginning of the year. Among Mukryan cities, Piranshar is considered as a fine example in agriculture improvements. Since 2002, most of the investments in the city are made in the agricultural sector. Therefore, farm and garden coverage in Piranshar has extended from 80 square kilometres in 2002 to 190 km² in 2004.
The Piranshar economy includes that of the City of Piranshar and the surrounding towns and villages of Piranshar area. The Piranshar area is an engine of the provincial economy. The city of Piranshar has the most important Sugar Company in the province. The employees and grower-owners are very proud of their company. There are four Sugar Companies in the province including the Sugar Company of Piranshar.
The plant, in the course of years of its activity, has been constantly renovated by making use of the existing capabilities in the plant. The plant produces 30,000 tons of sugar annually (from 1500 tons of sugar beet per day), and by-products include 100 tons of dried waste per day, which is used for animal food, and 3000 tons of medico-industrial alcohol produced annually from molasses.
Considering the national demand for sugar of 1.5 million tons per year, and the supply thereof by 35 manufacturing units equivalent to 800 thousand tons, and consequently considerable shortage of sugar, the manufacture of such a product is significant.
Sugar beet is supplied by 70 km² of farmland around the plant.
The Sugar Company of Piranshahr is the provinces largest producer of raw sugar, accounting for over 60% of all of the Province's sugar.For more information visit this governmental site: 
Piranshahr has an educated population and its literacy rate is very high: of Piranshahr's population over 28.60% (vs. a national average of 24%) hold a bachelor's degree or higher; 94% (vs. 82% nationally) have a high school diploma or equivalent. In fact, Piranshahr has the highest percentage of college graduates of any city in the entire country.
The main institutions of higher education in the area is Payame Noor University and Islamic Azad University.The city is also home to a number of conservatories and art schools. Payame Noor University is a long-distance mega university in Iran. ...
Islamic Azad University (Persian: Ø¯Ø§ÙØ´Ú¯Ø§Ù Ø¢Ø²Ø§Ø¯ Ø§Ø³ÙØ§Ù
Û , DÄneshgÄh-e ÄzÄd-e EslÄmi) is a private chain of universities in Iran. ...
Numerous festivals are held across the city during the year. Many are small, although others can attract visitors from across the region. The first native literature festival was held in Piranshahr, about 2000 poets and writers from other cities and provinces partipicated in this festival.
The Piranshahr area is remarkably rich in native plant species. With its beaches, dunes, wetlands, hills, mountains, and rivers, the area contains a number of important biological communities
According to the Management and planning organization, the city has a total area of 2,259 square miles.
The city has been home to various ethnic groups during its long history. For this reason, the demographics of the city have undergone numerous changes, with Kurds and Turks currently constituting the majority of the population.Nonetheless, many historical documents attest to the fact that at the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of the city's population was composed of Turks.
According to the 2006 census, The ethnic composition of Piranshahr is 88% kurdish and 12% turkish.
According to the Piranshahr's organization for Civil Registration the highest average annual growth rate in the province is in Piranshahr , on the contrary, in many of the neighburing cities the population is slowly decreasing.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,069, and the median income for a family was $50,465. Males had a median income of $35,511 versus $27,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,060. 11.9% of the population and 8.6% of families were below the poverty line. 15.4% of those under the age of 18 and 8.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Law and government
The city's most responsible person is mayor who is elected by municipal board of the city. According to the Iranian laws the municipal board is periodically elected by the city residents.
Mayor: Abdollah Esmaili
Governor: Abbas Hassankhani
Friday prayer: Mostafa Mahmoudi
Majlis representative: Hassel Dasseh
The Iran-Iraq War
During the Iran-Iraq War it was extensively ravaged by Iraqi forces as a result of Iraqis scorched earth policy. Prior to the war, Piranshahr had grown extensively to become a major border city, and had a population of more than 150,000. The population was predominantly wealthy and educated.
As the Iraqis drew near at the beginning of the war, the Iranian Army evacuated much of the city. In the defense of Piranshahr, the Iranians prepared a series of dykes on the outskirts of the city, the first dyke holding regular soldiers and the second dyke holding tanks, artillery, and antitank weapons. Personnel wise, the Iranian Regular Army was responsible for the city’s external defenses and the Pasdaran were responsible for the center.
The distribution of a book during the Nowruz holidays which dissaproves the unity between the minority Sunnis and majority Shiites led to protests by a number of Sunni inhabitants of Piranshahr and West Azarbayjan Province. The Sunni clergy of Piranshahr have requested that the book's author be punished, and the governor of Piranshahr has promised to follow up the case with the Kurd deputies in the Islamic Consultative Majlis and to ask the Minister of Islamic Culture and Guidance to provide explanations in this regard.
Nasser Hejazi football coach, manager, and former player Nasser Hejazi (Persian: , born December 19, 1949 in Piranshahr, Iran) is a Iranian football coach, manager, and former player. ...
Amir Vahedi professional poker player Amir Vahedi (born in Iran) is a professional poker player. ...
Farzad Bonyadi world champion of poker Farzad Freddy Bonyadi (born 1959? in Tehran, Iran) is an American professional poker player based in Aliso Viejo, California. ...
Omid Kordestani, Senior Vice President of Google Omid Kordestani (Kurdish: UmÃ®d KurdistanÃ®; Persian: Ø§Ù
ÛØ¯ Ú©Ø±Ø¯Ø³ØªØ§ÙÛ) is the Senior Vice President for Worldwide Sales and Field Operations of Google. ...
Davar Ardalan, NPR producer of Morning Edition Davar Ardalan is a Supervisory Producer for Morning Edition, making many of the creative decisions that shape the changing daily broadcast. ...
- Turkey violated Iranian air space and border in two incidents, including a July 18 1999 air strike on Iranian border outposts near the town of Piranshahr, in which at least five innocent rural people were killed and 11 wounded. 
- On Saturday , September 04, 1910, Piranshahr was struck by an earthquake of magnitude 8.1 on the Richter scale, which resulted in a death toll estimated 12,000 and 8,000 people were injured, and leaving another 20,000 homeless. The rescue workers saved more than 4,000 souls.More than one ten thousand housing units were destroyed, together with many buildings.
According to recent genetic analysis, both mtDNA and Y chromosome polymorphisms showed a noticeable genetic affinity between Piranshahris and northern Iranians, especially Gilakis and Mazandaranis.
About 500,000 foreign mainly (Iraqi) and Iranian tourists visit Piranshahr each year.
The city boasts a wide variety of sports facilities and teams. Football is the most popular sport in Piranshahr and Piranshahr is home to many famous football teams including Granite Sabz, Shahredari and Yaran.
Distances in Kilometers
Piranshahr: 0 km
Mahabad: 91 km
Orumiyeh: 146 km
Oshnaviyeh: 46 km
Sardasht: 95 km
Bukan: 202 km
Takab: 286 km
Shahindej: 203 km
Chaldoran: 369 km
Naghadeh: 46 km
Miandoab: 142 km
Khoy: 280 km
Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ...
For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ...
Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...
âPekingâ redirects here. ...
Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ...
Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad AutÃ³noma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-GallardÃ³n JimÃ©mez (PP) Area - Land 607 kmÂ² (234. ...
Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ...
Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area - City 1,285 kmÂ² (580 sq mi) - Urban 5...
Coordinates: 36°42′00″N, 45°07′48″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...