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Encyclopedia > Pir Sultan Abdal
Pir Sultan Abdal
Pir Sultan Abdal

Pir Sultan Abdal (ca. 1480 - 1550), a legendary Sufi poet, whose direct and clear language as well as the richness of his imagination and the beauty of his verses led him to become a loved among the Turks and Kurds. Pir Sultan Abdal reflected the social, cultural and religious life of the people; he was a humanist, and wrote about love, peace, death and God. He was also rebellious against authoritarian rule which led him into problems with the Ottoman establishment. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (İstanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish (official); spoken languages include Abkhazian, Adyghe, Albanian, Arabic, Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani...

Contents

Origins

Pir Sultan Abdals' ethnic origin is unknown and there is more than one poem talking about his ethnic origins. For this reason some researchers believe "Pir Sultan" wasn't just the one in Sivas, who has rebelled against the state and hanged for his religious convictions by Hizir Pasa's orders. Most of the information about him and his era we find in his verses, which reveal him as cultivated well educated and intellectual. Sivas is the provincial capital of Sivas Province in Turkey. ...



General Information about "Abdal": "Abdal" is the plural of "Badal" or "Badeel", and means those who get replaced OR those who serve as a partial replacement to the role of the Prophets. "Abdal" are the group of true pure believers in God the ONE Almighty "Allah". They serve God during their life-time. Upon the demise of any one of them, he gets replaced by another selected by God from a larger group said to be the 500 "Akhyar", i.e., the semi-divine good ones. "Abdal" are headed by their leader, "Al-Ghawth", i.e., the "Helper". The mission of Abdal is, inter-alia, to be God's merciful subjects everywhere they reside, and to render THE helping blessing hand to all of God's creatures. It is said that a "Badal" exists is each continent. Although their majority exists in "Al-Sham", i.e., Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, one of them, only, exists in Iraq. They have divine powers and super-natural abilities. A person do not recognize that he is one of the "Abdal" until he becomes aware of his status suddenly though a revelation. It is said that a "Badal" can be identified through, inter-alia, his continuous good deeds and forgiving nature. He may be rich or poor, married or bachelor or a kid or an adult. Such concepts are established in the "Islamic" belief of the "Suna" faith, and in particular in the latter’s original "Suffi" schools of spiritual disciplines. Being a disciplined "Suffi", i.e, a pure person, a "Badal" is said to be enlightened by the lights of God, hence guides people to GOD's TRUE path and WORD, which starts by declaring; "Ash-hadu Anna La Ilaha-Illa Allah, Wa Anna Mohammadan Rasulu-Allah", i.e., "I Witness that their is no god but the one GOD, and I Witness that Mohammad is the Prophet of God".


Life

Pir Sultan Abdal, belonged to the Alevi sect of Islam, his early work is dedicated to lyrical and pastoral themes and to the Sufi approach he had adopted. He criticized some Ottoman governors, Hizir Pasha in particular who ruled the region and his unjust officers. His verses and calls for the rights and freedoms of the peasant folk soon attracted a lot of support among the masses who supported these ideals. As a result he was hung by Hizir Pasha. But the tradition of his poetry and his struggle have remained alive till this day. His poetry was sung accompanied by the baglama, or saz, throughout the ages by folk singers. Today in modern Turkey the Baglama is one of the most loved instruments of the people and is extremely popular and widely used. Many poets acquired his name to keep 'Pir Sultan's voice' alive. According to literary historians, there were at least six other poets bearing the same name. Alevis (Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are adherents of a religious community in Eastern Turkey and Kurdistan, it also has communities in the Balkans due to the presence of the Ottomans. ... The baÄŸlama is a stringed musical instrument shared by various cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean. ...


Poetry

Dostun bahçesine bir hoyrat girmiş
Korudur hey benli dilber korudur
Gülünü dererken dalını kırmış
Kurudur hey benli dilber kurudur


Şu meydanda serilidir postumuz
Çok şükür Mevlâ'ya gördük dostumuz
Bir gün kara toprak bürür üstümüz
Çürütür hey benli dilber çürütür


Kendisi okur da kendisi yazar
Hak hilâl kaşına eylemiş nazar
Senin akranların cennette gezer
Hürüdür hey benli dilber hürüdür


Hangi dinde isen ona tapayım
Yarın mahşer günü bile kopayım
Eğil bir yol ak gerdandan öpeyim
Beri dur hey benli dilber beri dur


Pîr Sultan Abdal'ım başından başlar
İyisini yer de kemini taşlar
Bin çiçekten bir kovana bal işler
Arıdır hey benli dilber arıdır


Translation

To the garden of my love there came an evil louder
The shrubs now lie there, my fair one, shrubs lie
While gathering the roses, he broke their stems to moulder
They are all dry, my fair one, they are all dry.


We've spread our prayer hide all over this place
We saw our dearest one to Holy God in grace
One day, all of us will come into the earth's embrace
We'll putrefy, my fair one, we'll putrefy.


God Himself reads the fate, Himself he scribes
He closed the crescent lashes of her beautiful eyes
Your peers are walking now with you in Paradise
houris they are, my fair one, houris, fair my.


Whatever your creed be, I will adore it and pray
To be awaken together with you on Judgement Day
Rise up once more to kiss your white throat that I may
Don't pass for one more trice, my fair, don't pass by.


I am Pir Sultan Abdal, the first of the firsts,
I feed my soul with the best and remedy the worst
I'll pool honey from thousand blooms to one comb till it bursts
I am the bee, my fair one, the bee am I.


Source: http://www.turkishclass.com/poem_204


Legacy

Pir Sultan followed the traditional style of folk literature. The outstanding characteristic of his poems, the use of vernacular language, keen and clear style still prevail in folkloric poetry. He also had a great influence on the poets of modern Turkey in the republican era and is today a beloved figure.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Glossary (1297 words)
Pir Sultan Abdal is also a legendary Sufi poet, like Yunus Emre, with the same direct and clear language, the same richness of imagination, and the same high level sensitivity.
Yunus Emre and Pir Sultan Abdal both reflected the social, cultural and religious life of their people; they were both humanists, and wrote about love, peace, death and God.
However, Pir Sultan's verses are not as peaceful, because they voice the life of the Anatolian people of the 16th century, suffering under the Ottoman rule.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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