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Encyclopedia > Pinnacle Airlines
Pinnacle Airlines
IATA
9E
ICAO
FLG
Callsign
FLAGSHIP
Founded 1985 (as Express Airlines I)
Hubs Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Memphis International Airport
Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport
Focus cities Indianapolis International Airport
Frequent flyer program WorldPerks
Member lounge WorldClubs
Alliance SkyTeam
Fleet size 139
Destinations
Headquarters Memphis, Tennessee
Key people Philip H. Trenary (President and CEO)
Website: http://www.nwairlink.com

Pinnacle Airlines (formerly Express Airlines I) is a American regional airline based in Memphis, Tennessee operating all of its flights under the name Northwest Airlink for Northwest Airlines. Pinnacle flies 139 Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) CRJ-200 from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, and Memphis International Airport to nearby smaller markets. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 300 × 166 pixelsFull resolution (300 × 166 pixel, file size: 22 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Pinnacle Airlines logo. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Old DTW Airport Layout Showing The Edward H. McNamara Terminal Detroits colorful Light Tunnel connecting Concourse A with Concourse B/C in the McNamara Terminal Edward H. McNamara Terminal The McNamara Terminal ExpressTram is used to transport passengers from one end of the terminal to the other Detroit Metropolitan... FAA diagram of Memphis International Airport (MEM) Memphis International Airport (IATA: MEM, ICAO: KMEM) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) south of the city of Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee, USA. Northwest Airlines operates its third-largest passenger hub in Memphis, with routes to a number of... Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP) is the largest and busiest airport in the five-state upper Midwestern region of Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... Midfield Terminal Project Midfield Terminal Rendering Indianapolis International Airport (IATA: IND, ICAO: KIND) is an airport located in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... Northwest Airlines (IATA: NW, ICAO: NWA, and Callsign: Northwest) (NASDAQ: NWAC) is an airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, with three major hubs in the United States: Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, and Memphis International Airport. ... The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... WorldClubs are an airport lounge operated by Northwest Airlines. ... An airline alliance is an agreement between two or more airlines to cooperate for the foreseeable future on a substantial level. ... SkyTeam is the second largest airline alliance in the world — behind Star Alliance — partnering ten carriers from three continents, with six pending members. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Regional airlines are a type of airline service that is intended to feed a larger airline or larger aircraft. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Northwest Airlink is the name of Northwest Airlines commuter airline subsidiaries, flying turboprops and regional jets from Northwests domestic hubs in Minneapolis, Detroit, and Memphis. ... Northwest Airlines (Pink Sheets: NWACQ), occasionally known as NWA, is an airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota in the United States of America. ... The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a small Canadian airliner based originally on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ... Old DTW Airport Layout Showing The Edward H. McNamara Terminal Detroits colorful Light Tunnel connecting Concourse A with Concourse B/C in the McNamara Terminal Edward H. McNamara Terminal The McNamara Terminal ExpressTram is used to transport passengers from one end of the terminal to the other Detroit Metropolitan... Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP) is the largest and busiest airport in the five-state upper Midwestern region of Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. ... FAA diagram of Memphis International Airport (MEM) Memphis International Airport (IATA: MEM, ICAO: KMEM) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) south of the city of Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee, USA. Northwest Airlines operates its third-largest passenger hub in Memphis, with routes to a number of...

Contents

History

The airline was established in February 1985 as Express Airlines I with the intent of offering regional airline passenger feed to a code sharing, major airline’s hub. Express I began its first code sharing agreement with Republic Airlines in May 1985. Republic was looking to expand into Memphis, but could not reach out to the smaller cities. Express I was able to accomplish this by beginning service on June 1, 1985 to 3 cities using BAe Jetstream 31 aircraft. Within six months, Republic was operating in ten markets with nine Jetstream 31s and two Saab 340 aircraft. 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pinnacle Airlines (formerly Express Airlines I) is a American regional airline based in Memphis, Tennessee operating all of its flights under the name Northwest Airlink for Northwest Airlines. ... Republic Airlines is the name of two different airlines (past and present) based in the United States. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Handley Page HP.137 Jetstream is a small twin turboprop airliner, with a pressurised fuselage, designed to meet the requirements of the United States feederliner and regional airline market. ... Saab 340A of Aurigny Air Services. ...


On December 15, 1985, a second contract opened operations at a Republic Airline’s home base at Minneapolis-St. Paul. By its first anniversary, Republic Express was operating 20 Jetstream 31s and seven Saab 340s in 32 markets. In Spring 1986, Northwest Airlines announced its intent to acquire Republic Airlines. Following regulatory approval and ratification by the shareholders of the respective companies, Republic was absorbed into Northwest effective October 1, 1986. December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Northwest Airlines (Pink Sheets: NWACQ), occasionally known as NWA, is an airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota in the United States of America. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Over the next decade, Express I provided airline services to 56 cities in the Southeast and upper Mid-West. In 1997, Northwest Airlines elected to make changes in the structure of Express I, which, until then, had been privately held. Effective from April 1, 1997, Express I became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Northwest Airlines. In order to consolidate the many Airlink systems operated at that time, Express I transferred flying at Minneapolis-St. Paul, allowing it to concentrate on the Memphis Hub. 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that April Fools Day be merged into this article or section. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In August 1997, Express I moved its corporate headquarters to Memphis, allowing all the various departments to function from its main base of operations. On May 7, 1999, Express I announced a major transition into the jet age as its parent company announced that Express would be the launch operator of the Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) at Northwest. This award was for a minimum of 42 CRJs designated to operate as Northwest Jet Airlink. Delivery of the CRJs began in April 2000 and the first Northwest CRJ lifted into the sky on June 1, 2001 bound for Greenville – Spartanburg, SC. May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (128th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Express I further expanded by the development of three additional Maintenance, Repair, Overhaul (MRO) facilities related to CRJ operations. The first, located in Knoxville, Tennessee, is a permanent base. It is capable of handling up to four aircraft under cover. The Knoxville facility will serve as the primary CRJ Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul facility. Other CRJ maintenance sites are located at South Bend and Fort Wayne, Indiana.


Express Airlines I changed its name to Pinnacle Airlines, Inc. on May 8, 2002. In November, 2003, Pinnacle Airlines became a publically traded company, using the symbol PNCL on the NASDAQ. Pinnacle has been contracted to fly 124 CRJ's on behalf of Northwest Airlines. On July 18, 2004, the 100th CRJ was christened the 'Spirit of Memphis Belle,' in honor of a WWII bomber that was paid for with funds raised by the African-American community in Memphis. May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On January 18, 2007, Pinnacle announced the acquisition of Colgan Air, which will continue to operate independently.[1] The acquisition of Colgan Air is a $20 million strategic move to get access to Colgan’s partners, Continental Airlines, United Airlines and US Airways[2]. January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Colgan Air (IATA: 9L, ICAO: CJC, and Callsign: Colgan) [1] is a regional airline of the United States. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is an American certificated air carrier. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ...


Future

Northwest agreed with Pinnacle on a new Air Service Agreement on December 21, 2006. The details of this ASA include a contract to have Pinnacle fly 124 CRJ's until 2017. In addition, Northwest is adding 17 CRJ-200's to Pinnacle's fleet, bringing its total to 141. Northwest has also put a clause in the contract allowing the CRJ-200 aircraft to be converted to 76 seat aircraft. December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2017 (MMXVII) will be a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Northwest has also allowed Pinnacle to seek flying from other carriers and this will begin in January 2008 when Pinnacle's new subsidiary Colgan Air starts flying out of Newark's Liberty International Airport under the "CONTINENTAL CONNECTION" banner. Colgan already flies as Continental Connection out of Houston's Bush Intercontinental Airport using 34-passenger Saab 340 turboprops and flies to cities in Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. Under this new agreement, Colgan will operate 74-passenger Bombardier DeHavilland-Canada DHC-8-Q400 turboprops from Newark. Continental will announce destinations at a later date. Colgan Air (IATA: 9L, ICAO: CJC, and Callsign: Colgan) [1] is a regional airline of the United States. ... Saab 340A of Aurigny Air Services. ...


Destinations

Pinnacle flies out of three hubs, Detroit MI, Memphis TN, and Minneapolis-St. Paul MN. Pinnacle currently serves over 110 cities in 39 states and Canadian Provinces. It operates well over 800 flights a day.[3] See Northwest Airlink destinations. This is a list of airports that Northwest Airlink (Mesaba Airlines and Pinnacle Airlines) fly to, and does not include cities only served by Northwest Airlines. ...


Fleet

[citation needed]

Type Total Passengers
(Economy)
Routes Notes
Canadair CRJ-200 139
50
Domestic & International short haul routes 15 to be transferred to Mesaba Airlines

The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ...

Incidents and accidents

  • Flight 3701 was a Bombardier CRJ-200 with a crew of two operating a ferry flight (with no passengers) from Little Rock, AR to Minneapolis, MN. It crashed on October 14, 2004 due to unprofessional actions taken by the crew flying the aircraft. The NTSB has since finished its investigation of the accident.

Pinnacle Airlines Flight 3701 (ICAO: FLG3701, IATA: 9E3701, or Flagship 3701) crashed on October 14, 2004, near Jefferson City, Missouri. ... The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ...

Trivia

  • In late May 2006, Pinnacle had a 1 week stretch in which not one flight was cancelled. This was a string of 6,020 flights that went out until a weather system forced a cancellation.
  • Pinnacle's callsign is "Flagship", due to a Canadian charter company that has already claimed the callsign "Pinnacle".

References

  1. ^ Pinnacle Airlines (2007-01-18). Pinnacle Airlines Corp. Announces Purchase of Colgan Air, Inc.. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-01-18.
  2. ^ Flight International, 23-29 January 2007
  3. ^ Pinnacle Airlines Facts (Northwest Airlink)

The flagship radio callsign was used from almost the beginning of the airline in 1985. For a couple of weeks the carrier used jetstream and the tail number. The use of "flagship" came because several of the original people, in particular the VP of flight operations and director of training, came from the then defunct Dolphin Airlines in Florida, which had used the callsign prior to their demise. This was disturbing to American Airlines pilots whose airline had been the flagship fleet in the heyday of airline travel. 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Flight International is a magazine relating to airlines, general aviation, and aerospace manufacture. ...


External links

Northwest Airlink Carriers
Mesaba AirlinesPinnacle Airlines
Future Carriers: Compass Airlines
Former Carriers:
Fischer Brothers Aviation • Northeast Express Regional AirlinesPacific Island Aviation • Simmons Airlines

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pinnacle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (428 words)
A pinnacle (from Latin pinnaculum, a little feather, pinna) is an architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations.
Some have stated that there were no pinnacles in the Romanesque style, but conical caps to circular buttresses, with finial terminations, are not uncommon in France at very early periods.
At Roullet there are pinnacles in a similar position, each composed of four small shafts, with caps and bases surmounted with small pyramidal spires.
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