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Encyclopedia > Pingo National Landmark

Pingo National Landmark is a natural area protecting eight pingos near Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories. It is in a coastal region of the Arctic Ocean which contains approximately 1,350 arctic ice dome hills—approximately one quarter of the world's pingos. A pingo is a mound of earth-covered ice found in the Arctic, subarctic, and Antarctica that can reach up to 70 metres in height and up to 600 hundred metres in diameter. ... City nickname: Tuk Government Territory Northwest Territories Land Claim Area Inuvialuit Electoral District Nunakput Member of Parliament Ethel Blondon-Andrew Senator Nick G. Sibbeston Mayor Eddie Dillon Physical characteristics Land Area      11. ... Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, TłįchÇ« [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870...


The Landmark comprises an area roughly six miles square, just three miles west of Tuktoyaktuk, and includes Ibyuk pingo, Canada's highest (and the world's second-highest), at 160 feet. The Landmark is managed by Parks Canada within the national park system, under the National Parks Act. Although a nationwide Landmarks program was envisioned at its creation, Pingo remains the country's only National Landmark. Parks Canada is a Canadian government agency whose purpose is to protect and present nationally significant examples of Canadas natural and cultural heritage and foster public understanding, appreciation and enjoyment in ways that ensure their ecological and commemorative integrity for present and future generations. ... The term National landmark may refer to one of two programs of the United States government: National Historic Landmark National Natural Landmark Also see: Listed building (United Kingdom equivalent) This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


In a region near the Beaufort Sea which is quite flat, pingos dominate the skyline, rising from 16 to 160 feet, in various stages of growth and collapse. Ibyuk pingo, the highest, continues to grow about ¾ of an inch per year, and is estimated to be at least 1,000 years old. Unique to areas of permafrost, pingos have formed here thanks to numerous lakes in the Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula. Approximate area of the Beaufort Sea, and the disputed waters The Beaufort Sea is a large body of water north of The Northwest Territories, the Yukon, and Alaska and west of Canadas arctic islands that is a part of the Arctic Ocean. ...

Contents

Other features

Besides pingos, the Landmark contains an excellent example of massive ice. One section of the frozen groundwater, part of an eroded hillside by the sea, is over 1,600 feet long, and 33 feet high. Other less visible ice beds in the region are over 132 feet thick. This type of ice is found in permafrost, and can be thousands of years old.


Other features of a permafrost environment can be found in the Landmark, including wedge ice. These are verical masses of ice that form after water freezes in the cracks around ground that has contracted due to extreme cold. When ice wedges connect to one another, they can form tundra polygons, which are also visible at Pingo National Landmark.


Landmark recognition

The area has been a focus of scientific study for over 50 years, and research here has formed the basis of current understanding about the origin and growth of pingos. The region was first identified as a site of national significance in 1978, and landmark status was proposed. Legislation creating it in 1984 is known as the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (officially, the Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act (1984))[1]. It provided for cooperative management of the Landmark between the federal government, the Inuvialuit Land Administration, and the people of Tuktoyaktuk. It reserved subsurface rights for the Inuvialuit, federal jurisdiction for the surface, and that the pingos would be preserved unimpaired. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ...


Visiting the Landmark

Currently, there are no visitor facilities at the Landmark, but the national park service is working with local groups on developing an interpretive hiking trail, boat launch, docks, a boardwalk, and viewing platform. Local tour operators provide guided access to the site, which is easiest by boat. Hiking provides a more challenging option, but no matter how visitors access the site, Arctic weather and varying water levels can force a change of plans and an alternate route of return.


See also

The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... The Canadian National Parks system is run by Parks Canada, which also runs Canadas National Historic Sites. ...

References

  1. ^ Inuvialuit Final Agreement
  • Pingo National Landmark–Parks Canada site

Coordinates: 69.399824° N 133.079668° W The Canadian National Parks system is run by Parks Canada, which also runs Canadas National Historic Sites. ... The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... Aulavik National Park is a national park located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Auyuittuq National Park is a national park located on Baffin Islands Cumberland Peninsula in Nunavut, Canada. ... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks Banff National Park is Canadas oldest national park, established in 1885, in the Canadian Rockies. ... Located at the tip of the Bruce peninsula (which almost cuts off Georgian Bay from Lake Huron), on the Niagara Escarpment of Ontario, Canada, Bruce Peninsula National Park offers many opportunities for hiking, camping, bird watching and many other outdoor activities. ... Cape Breton Highlands National Park is located on northern Cape Breton Island in the province of Nova Scotia. ... Elk Island National Park, established in 1913, is located just east of Edmonton, Alberta. ... Forillon National Park is located on the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... Fundy National Park is located on the Bay of Fundy near the village of Alma, New Brunswick. ... Georgian Bay Islands National Park consists of 59 small islands or parts of islands in Georgian Bay, near Port Severn, Ontario. ... Glacier National Park is one of seven national parks in British Columbia, Canada. ... Grasslands National Park (Parc national des Prairies in French) is one of Canadas newest national parks and is located in southern Saskatchewan along the Montana border at N49. ... Western Brook Pond. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 10,878 km² (4200 mi²). It is located in the province of Alberta, to the north of Banff National Park and west of the city of Edmonton. ... Kejimkujik National Park (or Keji) is part of the national park system, located in the province of Nova Scotia (NS). ... Kluane National Park and Reserve is located in the extreme southwestern corner of the Yukon territory in Canada. ... Kootenay National Park is located in southeastern British Columbia, Canada covering 1,406 km² (543 mi²) in the Canadian Rockies and is part of a World Heritage Site. ... Kouchibouguac National Park is located on the east coast of New Brunswick, north of the town of Richibucto. ... La Mauricie National Park is located in the Laurentian mountains in the Mauricie region of Québec, Canada. ... Mount Revelstoke National Park is located adjacent to the city of Revelstoke, British Columbia in Canada. ... Point Pelee National Park is a park in Essex County in southwestern Ontario, Canada. ... Prince Edward Island National Park is a Canadian National Park located on Prince Edward Island. ... Pukaskwa National Park is a national park located in Ontario, Canada. ... Prince Albert National Park covers 3,874 km² (1,496 mi²) in central Saskatchewan, Canada and is located 200 kilometres (120 miles) north of Saskatoon. ... Satellite picture of a glacier in Ellesmere National Park. ... Riding Mountain National Park is a national park in Manitoba, Canada. ... Sirmilik National Park is a national park located in Nunavut, Canada. ... St. ... Terra Nova National Park is located on the northeast coast of Newfoundland along several inlets of Bonavista Bay. ... Tuktut Nogait National Park (sometimes spelled: Tuktuk Nogait) is a national park located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Ukkusiksalik National Park is a national park in Nunavut, Canada. ... Vuntut National Park is a national park located in the northern Yukon Territory, Canada. ... Wapusk National Park is Canadas 37th national park, established in 1996. ... Waterton Lakes National Park is a national park located in the southwest corner of Alberta, Canada, and borders Glacier National Park in Montana, USA. Waterton was Canadas fourth national park, formed in 1895 and named after Waterton Lake. ... Wood Buffalo National Park, located in northeastern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories, is the largest national park in Canada at 44,807 km². The park was established in 1922 to protect the worlds largest herd of free roaming Wood Bison, currently estimated at more than 2,000. ... Natural Bridge Yoho National Park is located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains along the western slope of the Continental Divide in southeastern British Columbia. ... Image File history File links Canada_contour-flag. ... Gulf Islands National Park Reserve is Canadas 40th National Park. ... The Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site is a combination of a national park reserve and a heritage site located in British Columbia, Canada. ... Pacific Rim National Park is a Canadian national park in British Columbia made up of three separate regions: Long Beach, the Broken Group Islands, and the West Coast Trail. ... Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve is an announced national park located on the Labrador Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve* of Canada (MANPRC) is located about 225 km east of Sept-Îles off the Middle North Shore in the Gulf of St. ... Kluane National Park and Reserve is located in the extreme southwestern corner of the Yukon territory in Canada. ... Nahanni National Park Reserve in the Northwest Territories of Canada, approximately 600 km west of Yellowknife, protects a portion of the Mackenzie Mountains Natural Region. ... Tuktut Nogait National Park (sometimes spelled: Tuktuk Nogait) is a national park located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs) is a Parks Canada programme responsible for marine areas managed for sustainability and containing smaller zones of high protection. ... Located at the mouth of Georgian Bay in Ontario, Canada Fathom Five National Marine Park is a largely underwater national park that seeks to protect and display shipwrecks and lighthouses. ... The Saguenay–St. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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