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Encyclopedia > Pinghua (linguistics)
Pinghua (平话)
Spoken in: China
Region: Guangxi
Total speakers: 200,000
Ranking: not in top 100
Genetic classification: Sino-Tibetan
 Chinese
  Pinghua
Official status
Official language of: ---
Regulated by: ---
Language codes
ISO 639-1 zh
ISO 639-2 chi (B), zho (T)
SIL
See also: LanguageList of languages

Pinghua (平話/平话), also Guangxi Nanning, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. It is spoken in parts of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and some in Hunan province. It is usually classified together with Cantonese. Guangxi (Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi; Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigi or (old orthography) Gvaŋзsiƅ Bouчcueŋƅ Sɯcigi) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a list of languages by number of first-language speakers. ... Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... Sino-Tibetan languages form a language family of about 250 languages of East Asia, in number of speakers worldwide second only to Indo-European. ... ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... SIL International is a non-profit, faith-based, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. ... This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. ... Spoken Chinese The Chinese spoken language(s) comprise(s) many regional variants. ... Guangxi (Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi; Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigi or (old orthography) Gvaŋзsiƅ Bouчcueŋƅ Sɯcigi) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... Cantonese ((廣府話/广州话/廣州話, lit. ...


Pinghua is a formerly unclassified dialect spoken by about 200,000 people. When Chinese is grouped into 7 dialects rather than 10, Pingua is grouped together with Cantonese, and there is some debate about considering it a separate dialect. According to Wu Wei in 2001, "Pinghua is only a branch of Cantonese rather than an independent dialect group."


Like all other varieties of Chinese, there is plenty of dispute as to whether Pinghua is a language or a dialect. See here for the issues surrounding this dispute. A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ...


Features

to be completed


Chinese: spoken varieties
Categories:

Cantonese | Gan | Hakka | Mandarin | Min | Wu | Xiang Spoken Chinese The Chinese spoken language(s) comprise(s) many regional variants. ... Cantonese ((廣府話/广州话/廣州話, lit. ... Gan (赣) is one of the major divisions of spoken Chinese, concentrated in and typical of Jiangxi Province. ... Hakka is one language in the family of languages known as Chinese. ... Mandarin  listen(Traditional: 北方話, Simplified: 北方话, Hanyu Pinyin: Běifānghuà, lit. ... Min (閩方言 in pinyin: min3 fang1 yan2) is a general term for a group of dialects of the Chinese language spoken in the southeastern Chinese province of Fujian as well as by migrants from this province in Guangdong (around Chaozhou-Swatou, and Leizhou peninsula), Hainan, three counties in southern Zhejiang... Wu (吳方言 pinyin wú fāng yán; 吳語 pinyin wú yǔ) is one of the major divisions of the Chinese language. ... Xiang (湘語/湘语), also Hunan, Hunanese, or Hsiang, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. ...

Independence in dispute:

Hui | Jin | Pinghua | Danzhouhua | Shaozhou Tuhua | Xianghua The Hui (徽) dialects are unrelated to the Hui (回) ethnic group of China. ... Jin (simplified: 晋语; traditional: 晉語; pinyin: jìnyǔ), or Jin-yu, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. ...

Note: The above is only one classification scheme among many.
Comprehensive list of Chinese dialects
Official spoken varieties: Standard Cantonese | Standard Mandarin
Historical phonology: Old Chinese | Middle Chinese | Proto-Min | Proto-Mandarin | Haner
Chinese: written varieties
Official written varieties: Classical Chinese | Vernacular Chinese
Other varieties: Written Vernacular Cantonese

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia: Chinese spoken language (1144 words)
Linguists, however, generally consider spoken language to be the fundamental form for classification of a language, and the standard of intelligibility is the one that is most commonly used to divide languages.
Linguists divide the variations in spoken Chinese language into seven to ten groups.
Pinghua 平話/平话: spoken in parts of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Pinghua (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (233 words)
Pinghua is a formerly unclassified dialect spoken by about 200,000 people.
When Chinese is grouped into 7 languages rather than 10, Pinghua is grouped together with Cantonese, and there is some debate about considering it a separate language.
Many local people in Nanning consider there to be four "dialects" spoken in the area, namely Cantonese, Pinghua, Mandarin and Zhuang, which are hardly mutually intelligible.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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