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Encyclopedia > Pine Barrens (New Jersey)

For other Pine Barrens, see List of pine barrens; for a discussion of the ecotype, see pine barrens Pine barrens exist in several locations in North America: Pine Barrens (New Jersey) Long Island Central Pine Barrens Rome Sand Plains in New York Kingston Pine Barrens in Rhode Island Ossipee Pine Barrens in New Hampshire Concord Pine Barrens in New Hampshire Plymouth Pinelands in Massachusetts Waterboro Barrens Preserve in... The Mullica River in the New Jersey Pine Barrens Pine barrens, also known as pine plains, sand plains, pinelands, pine bush, and pitch pine-scrub oak barrens, occur throughout the northeastern U.S. from New Jersey to Maine (see Atlantic coastal pine barrens) as well as the Midwest and Canada. ...

Lake Atsion in the Pine Barrens
Lake Atsion in the Pine Barrens
Map of the Pine Barrens
Map of the Pine Barrens

The Pine Barrens, also known as the Pinelands, are a heavily forested area covering 1.1 million acres (4,500 km²) of coastal plain across southern and central New Jersey. The name "pine barrens" refers to the area's sandy, acidic, nutrient-poor soil, which didn't take well to the crops originally imported by European settlers. However, these uncommon conditions led the Pine Barrens to develop a unique and diverse spectrum of plant life, especially orchids and carnivorous plants. The area is also notable for its populations of rare pygmy Pitch Pines and other plant species that depend on fire to reproduce (fire is very frequent in the Pine Barrens). The highly organic sandy silt that composes much of the area's soil is referred to by the locals as sugar sand. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1299 KB) Summary Lake Atsion in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1299 KB) Summary Lake Atsion in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. ... Download high resolution version (550x716, 130 KB)Pinelands map from the State of New Jersey: This work is copyrighted. ... Download high resolution version (550x716, 130 KB)Pinelands map from the State of New Jersey: This work is copyrighted. ... In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ... South Jersey includes the New Jersey portion of the Delaware Valley in the United States. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... The Mullica River in the New Jersey Pine Barrens Pine barrens, also known as pine plains, sand plains, pinelands, pine bush, and pitch pine-scrub oak barrens, occur throughout the northeastern U.S. from New Jersey to Maine (see Atlantic coastal pine barrens) as well as the Midwest and Canada. ... Orchid re-directs here; for alternate uses see Orchid (disambiguation) Genera Over 800 See List of Orchidaceae genera. ... A Nepenthes in flower, growing on a road cut in Palau A carnivorous plant is a plant that derives some or most of its nutrients (but not energy) by trapping and consuming animals, especially insects and other arthropods. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Pinus rigida Mill. ... Sugar Sand found in the Pine barrens of New Jersey is a fine silt made ultra fine mineral sand mixed with a large percentage of organic granules. ...


Despite being near metropolitan areas such as New York City, Philadelphia, and Atlantic City, and the fact that the Garden State Parkway and Atlantic City Expressway run directly through it, the Pine Barrens remains largely rural and undeveloped. In fact, the area has the unique distinction of being the largest piece of open space between Boston, Massachusetts and Richmond, Virginia. The Pine Barrens also lays claim to a 17-trillion gallon aquifer containing some of the purest water in the United States. As a result of all these factors, the area was designated the Pinelands National Reserve (the nation's first National Reserve) in 1978, and it was designated a United Nations International Biosphere Reserve in 1983. Development in the Pine Barrens is strictly controlled by an independent state/federal agency called the New Jersey Pinelands Commission. The Pinelands Reserve contains Wharton State Forest, Brendan T. Byrne State Forest (formerly Lebanon State Forest) and Bass River State Forest. NYC and New York, New York redirect here. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... Alternate meanings: See Atlantic City (disambiguation) Atlantic City is a city located in USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 40,517. ... The Garden State Parkway is a 172 mile (277 km) limited-access toll parkway that stretches the length of New Jersey from the New York Thruway at Montvale, NJ to Cape May at the southern tip of the state. ... The Atlantic City Expressway (officially numbered, but unsigned, as New Jersey State Highway 446) is a controlled-access toll road in New Jersey. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: www. ... Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States of America. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (also known as Pinelands National Reserve) preserves the New Jersey Pine Barrens. ... A Biosphere Reserve is an international conservation designation for reserves designated by UNESCO under the MaB (Man and the Biosphere) Programme. ... New Jersey Pinelands Commission - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Wharton State Forest is a state park in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Brendan T. Byrne State Forest ... Bass River State Forest is a 23,000-acre state park in the New Jersey Pinelands in Burlington County. ...


The Pine Barrens were mentioned in War of the Worlds. War of the Worlds is a 2005 science fiction film based on H. G. Wells original novel of the same name. ...


History

During colonial times, the Pine Barrens was home to various industries. Bog iron was mined from bogs, streams, and waterways, and was worked in furnaces at Batsto, Atsion, Ferrago, Hanover Furnace, and several other locations. Iron from these early furnaces was instrumental in supplying the American military with weapons and camp tools during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. The bog iron industry fell off in the mid-1800s when cheaper iron could be found in Pennsylvania. Other industries such as paper mills, sawmills, and gristmills rose and fell throughout the years. Smaller industries such as charcoal making and glassmaking also were attempted and met with varying degrees of success. Over time, however, the forest reclaimed almost all traces of the Pine Barrens' industrial past. Ghost towns — remnants of these industries — can still be seen at various locations, and one, Batsto Village, has been restored to it's mid-19th century state. Bog iron refers to impure iron deposits that develop in bogs or swamps by the chemical or biochemical oxidation of iron carried in the solutions. ... Batsto River, near Batsto Village Batsto Village is a New Jersey Historic site located in Wharton State Forest in the south central Pinelands, and a part of the Pinelands National Reserve. ... -1... The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and United Kingdom from 1812 to 1815, on land in North America and at sea around the world. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 255 km 455 km 2. ... A street corner in the ghost town of Bodie, California. ... Batsto River, near Batsto Village Batsto Village is a New Jersey Historic site located in Wharton State Forest in the south central Pinelands, and a part of the Pinelands National Reserve. ...


The Pine Barrens were home to the Kallikaks, a poor, backwoods family which was held up as a case study in genetic inferiority by eugenicists in the early 20th century. Today, it is understood that the facts in the Kallikaks case study were misrepresented [1]. For years, residents of the area were called "Pineys" by outsiders, as a derogatory term; today, many Pinelands residents are proud of both the name and the land on which they live. The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness was a 1912 book by the American psychologist and eugenicist Henry H. Goddard. ... Case studies involve a particular method of research. ... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ...


The Pine Barrens gave rise to the legend of the Jersey Devil, said to have been born to a local woman named Mrs. Leeds in an area known as "Leeds Point" sometime during the 1700s. Most sightings of the Devil have occurred in or near the Pine Barrens. Illustration of the Jersey Devil, drawn from a description by Nelson Evans in the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, 1909 The Jersey Devil is a legendary creature said to inhabit the Pine Barrens in southern New Jersey. ...


The Pine Barrens today

The only industries that still thrive in the Pine Barrens are related to agriculture and tourism. The Pine Barrens are the reason New Jersey grows the third-highest number of cranberries in the country. The first-ever cultivated blueberries were developed in the Pine Barrens in 1916 through the hard work of Elizabeth White of Whitesbog, and blueberry farms are now almost as common as cranberry bogs. Species Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus The cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs in the genus Vaccinium subgenus Oxycoccus, or in some treatments, in the distinct genus Oxycoccus. ... For other uses, see Blueberry (disambiguation). ...


External links

State of New Jersey Flag of New Jersey
Capital Trenton
Regions Central Jersey | Jersey Shore | Meadowlands | North Jersey | Pine Barrens | South Jersey | New York metro area | Delaware Valley
Largest cities Atlantic City | Bayonne | Camden | Clifton | East Orange | Elizabeth | Hackensack | Hoboken | Jersey City | Linden | Long Branch | New Brunswick | Newark | Passaic | Paterson | Perth Amboy | Plainfield | Union City | Vineland | In addition to the largest cities, All Municipalities (by Population)
Counties Atlantic | Bergen | Burlington | Camden | Cape May | Cumberland | Essex | Gloucester | Hudson | Hunterdon | Mercer | Middlesex | Monmouth | Morris | Ocean | Passaic | Salem | Somerset | Sussex | Union | Warren

  Results from FactBites:
 
New Jersey - encyclopedia article about New Jersey. (6999 words)
New Jersey was a crucial swing state in the elections of 1960, 1968, and 1992.
As of 2004, the population of New Jersey was estimated to be 8,698,879.
New Jersey is broken up into 21 counties, most of which are vestiges of the colonial area, and the remainder partitioned from existing counties in the 1800s.
Pine Barrens (New Jersey) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (742 words)
The Pine Barrens, also known as the Pinelands, are a heavily forested area covering 1.1 million acres (4,500 km²) of coastal plain across southern and central New Jersey.
The Pine Barrens were home to the Kallikaks, a poor, backwoods family which was held up as a case study in genetic inferiority by eugenicists in the early 20th century.
The Pine Barrens are the reason New Jersey grows the third-highest number of cranberries in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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