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Encyclopedia > Pilgrimage
Pilgrim at Mecca.
Pilgrim at Mecca.

In religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Pilgrimage may refer to any of the following: The term pilgrimage, primarily used in the context of religion and spirituality; Pilgrimage (book), a book by Savitri Devi Mukherji; Pilgrimage (demo party), an annual demoscene party in Salt Lake City, Utah. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 258 KB) Description : Supplicating Pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 258 KB) Description : Supplicating Pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... This article is about the word, for other meanings see Quest (disambiguation) A quest is a journey towards a goal with great meaning and is used in mythology and literature as a plot device. ... Searching is the act of trying to find something or someone. ... This article is about the use of the moral in storytelling. ... Shrine is also used as a conventional translation of the Japanese Jinja. ... For other uses, see Believe. ... For other uses, see Faith (disambiguation). ... Monument to pilgrims in Burgos, Spain This article is on religious pilgrims. ...


Buddhism offers four sites of pilgrimage: the Buddha's birthplace at Kapilavastu, the site where he attained Enlightenment Bodh Gaya, where he first preached at Benares, and where he achieved Parinirvana at Kusinagara. Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... Kapilvastu, formerly Taulihawa (or, Kapilbastu Kapilvastu District or Tilaurakot), aprox. ... , Bodh Gaya or Bodhgaya(24° 41 60N, 84° 58 60E) is a city in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. ... The death of the Buddha, or Mahaparinirvana, Gandhara 2-3rd century. ... Kushinagar or Kusinagar is a Buddhist pilgrimage site located next to Kasia a rural town in the state of Uttar Pradesh, 52 km off Gorakhpur, in northern India. ...


The Holy Land acts as a focal point for the pilgrimages of many religions, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Bahá'í Faith. For other uses, see Holy Land (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ...


In the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the visitation of certain ancient cult-centers was repressed in the 7th century BCE, when the worship was restricted to YHWH at the temple in Jerusalem. In Syria, the shrine of Astarte at the headwater spring of the river Adonis survived until it was destroyed by order of Emperor Constantine[citation needed] in the 4th century. Kingdom of Judah (Hebrew מַלְכוּת יְהוּדָה, Standard Hebrew Malḫut YÉ™huda, Tiberian Hebrew Malḵûṯ YÉ™hûḏāh) in the times of the Hebrew Bible, was the nation formed from the territories of the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin after the Kingdom of Israel was divided, and was named after Judah... (8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC - other centuries) (700s BC - 690s BC - 680s BC - 670s BC - 660s BC - 650s BC - 640s BC - 630s BC - 620s BC - 610s BC - 600s BC - other decades) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Scythians arrived in Asia Collapse... The Tetragrammaton in Phoenician (1100 BC to 300 CE), Aramaic (10th Century BC to 0) and modern Hebrew scripts. ... The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (Hebrew:  ; The Holy House), refers to a series of structures located on the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit) in the old city of Jerusalem. ... Astarte on a car with four branches protruding from roof. ... Constantine. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ...


In mainland Greece, a stream of individuals made their way to Delphi or the oracle of Zeus at Dodona, and once every four years, at the period of the Olympic games, the temple of Zeus at Olympia formed the goal of swarms of pilgrims from every part of the Hellenic world. When Alexander the Great reached Egypt, he put his whole vast enterprise on hold, while he made his way with a small band deep into the Libyan desert, to consult the oracle of Ammun. During the imperium of his Ptolemaic heirs, the shrine of Isis at Philae received many votive inscriptions from Greeks on behalf of their kindred far away at home. For other uses, see Delphi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Zeus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dodona (disambiguation). ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... ISIS (Image and Scanner Interface Specification) is an industry standard interface for image scanning technologies, developed by Pixel Translations in 1990 (today: EMC captiva). ... Philae (or Pilak or Paaleq [Egyptian: remote place or the end or the angle island]; [Arabic: Anas el Wagud]) is an island in the Nile River and the previous site of an Ancient Egyptian temple complex in southern Egypt. ...


Although a pilgrimage is normally viewed in the context of religion, the personality cults cultivated by communist leaders ironically gave birth to pilgrimages of their own. Prior to the demise of the USSR in 1991, a visit to Lenin's Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow can be said to have had all the characteristics exhibiting a pilgrimage — for Communists. This type of pilgrimage to a personality cult is still evident today on people who pay visits of homage to Mao Zedong, Kim Il Sung, and Ho Chi Minh. State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... Lenins Tomb, with wall of the Kremlin and the former Soviet Parliament building behind An entrance to Lenins Mausoleum Lenins Mausoleum (Russian: ) (Transliteration: Mavzoley Lenina) also known as Lenins Tomb, situated in Red Square in Moscow, is the mausoleum that serves as the final resting place... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Mao redirects here. ... Kim Il-sung (April 15, 1912–July 8, 1994) was a Korean Communist politician and the ruler of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea) from 1948 until his death. ... For the city named after him, see Ho Chi Minh City. ...

Contents

Effects on trade

Pilgrims contributed an important element to long-distance trade before the modern era, and brought prosperity to successful pilgrimage sites, an economic phenomenon unequalled until the tourist trade of the 20th century. Encouraging pilgrims was a motivation for assembling (and sometimes fabricating) relics and for writing hagiographies of local saints, filled with inspiring accounts of miracle cures. Lourdes and other modern pilgrimage sites keep this spirit alive. For other uses, see Relic (disambiguation). ... Hagiography is the study of saints. ... This article is about the French pilgrimage location. ...


Pilgrimage centres in various times and cultures

Antiquity

Many ancient religions had holy sites, temples and groves, where pilgrimages were made.

This article is about the Karnak temple complex in Egypt. ... For the ancient capital of Boeotia, see Thebes, Greece. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ... For other uses, see Delphi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dodona (disambiguation). ... Epirus (Greek: Ήπειρος, Ípiros), is a periphery in northwestern Greece. ... For the town in the southern United States, see Ephesus, Georgia. ... Temple of Bacchus Details inside Temple of Bacchus Baalbek (Arabic: ‎) is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, altitude 1,170 m (3,850 ft), situated east of the Litani River. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Bahá'í Faith

Main article: Bahá'í pilgrimage

Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, decreed pilgrimage to two places in his book of laws, the Kitáb-i-Aqdas: the House of Bahá'u'lláh in Baghdad, Iraq, and the House of the Báb in Shiraz, Iran. He, later, prescribed specific rites for each of these pilgrimages in two other religious texts. Later, `Abdu'l-Bahá designated the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh at Bahji, Israel as a site of pilgrimage, for which there are no rites.[1] The Shrine of the Báb and its Terraces, 2003. ... Shrine of Baháulláh Baháulláh (ba-haa-ol-laa Arabic: Glory of God) (November 12, 1817 – May 29, 1892), born Mírzá usayn-`Alí Nuri (Persian: ), was the founder of the Baháí Faith. ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ... The Kitáb-i-Aqdas is the central book of the Baháí Faith, written by Baháulláh, the founder of the religion. ... The Shrine of the Báb and its Terraces, 2003. ... A street map of Baghdad Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq and the Baghdad Province. ... Shrine of the Báb in Haifa, Israel. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ... `Abdul-Bahá `Abdul-Bahá `Abbás Effendí (May 23, 1844 - November 28, 1921) commonly known as `Abdul-Bahá (abdol-ba-haa Arabic: ‎), was the son of Baháulláh, the Prophet-Founder of the Baháí Faith. ... Shrine of Baháulláh from the North Located in Bahji near Akká, the Shrine of Baháulláh is the most holy place for Baháís - their Qiblih. ...


Since Bahá'ís do not have access to the original two places designated as sites for pilgrimage, Bahá'í pilgrimage currently consists of visiting the holy places in Haifa, Acre, and Bahjí at the Bahá'í World Centre in Northwest Israel. Bahá'ís can apply to join an organized nine-day pilgrimage where they are taken to visit the various holy sites, or attend a shorter three-day pilgrimage.[1] Hebrew Arabic حَيْفَا Government City District Haifa Population 266,300 (city) 1,039,000 (metropolitan area) Jurisdiction 63,666 dunams (63. ... For other uses, see Akko (disambiguation). ... The Mansion of Bahji is a term used to describe a summer house where Baháulláh died in 1892. ... The Baháí Arc from the International Archives building Shrine of the Báb and its associated terraces at the Baháí World Centre Shrine of the Báb The Baháí World Centre is the name given to the administrative centre of the Baháí Faith. ...


Buddhism

Main article: Buddhist pilgrimage
Ancient excavated Buddha-image at the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar.
Ancient excavated Buddha-image at the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar.
Tibetans on a pilgrimage to Lhasa; they are kow-towing every few steps of the way.
Tibetans on a pilgrimage to Lhasa; they are kow-towing every few steps of the way.

Gautama Buddha spoke of the four sites most worthy of pilgrimage for his followers to visit:[2] The most important places of pilgrimage in Buddhism are located in Northern India and Southern Nepal, in the area between New Delhi and Calcutta. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 282 pixel Image in higher resolution (4000 × 1411 pixel, file size: 749 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pilgrimage Kushinagar Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 282 pixel Image in higher resolution (4000 × 1411 pixel, file size: 749 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pilgrimage Kushinagar Metadata... Kushinagar or Kusinagar (26. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... For other uses, see Lhasa (disambiguation). ... Kowtowing in an Imperial Court Kowtow, from the Chinese term kou tou (叩頭), is the act of deep respect shown by kneeling and bowing so low as to touch the head to the ground. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ...

Other pilgrimage places in India and Nepal connected to the life of Gautama Buddha are: Savatthi, Pataliputta, Nalanda, Gaya, Vesali, Sankasia, Kapilavastu, Kosambi, Rajagaha, Varanasi. Lumbini(27° 28 60N, 83° 16 60E) (Sanskrit: , the lovely) is a Buddhist pilgrimage site located in Rupandehi District, Lumbini Zone of Nepal. ... , Bodh Gaya or Bodhgaya(24° 41 60N, 84° 58 60E) is a city in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. ... Bodhi (Pali and Sanskrit. ... Sarnath (also Mrigadava, Migadāya, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. ... Sarnath (formally Isipathana), located 13 kilometres from Varanasi, is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha was founded. ... Kushinagar or Kusinagar is a rural town in the state of Uttar Pradesh, 52 km off Gorakhpur, in northern India. ... Kushinagar or Kusinagar is a rural town in the state of Uttar Pradesh, 52 km off Gorakhpur, in northern India. ... The death of the Buddha, or Mahaparinirvana, Gandhara 2-3rd century. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... SrāvastÄ« or SāvatthÄ«, a city of ancient India, was one of the largest cities during Gautam Buddha’s lifetime. ... For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ancient town and university. ... , Gaya is a city in Bihar, India, and it is also the headquarters of Gaya District. ... Vaishali can refer to: Vaishali District, in Bihar state, India. ... Sankassa (also Sankasia, Sankissa and Sankassya) was a city in India at the time of Gautama Buddha, thirty leagues from Savatthi[1]. Currently it has ruins of old monasteries and Buddhist monuments. ... Kapilvastu, formerly Taulihawa (or, Kapilbastu Kapilvastu District or Tilaurakot), aprox. ... Kosambi (Pali) or Kausambi (Sanskrit) was one of the greatest cities in India in the Buddhas time (500 BC). ... Rajgir is an ancient town, and has reference in Mahabharata,Buddhist and Jain texts. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ...


Other famous places for buddhist pilgrimage in various countries include:

, Sanchi is a small village in India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Kailasanatha Temple Ellora is an ancient village 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra famous for its magnificent rock cut architecture comprising of Buddhist, Hindu and Jaina cave temples and monasteries built between the 6th and 10th century A.D. These structures were excavated... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Sukhothai may mean the following: the historic Thai kingdom; see Sukhothai kingdom the province Sukhothai the historic city Sukhothai, now the Sukhothai historic park the city Sukhothai, sometimes called New Sukhothai This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Buddha overgrown by fig tree, Wat Mahatat The Ayutthaya historical park covers the ruins of the old city of Ayutthaya, Thailand, which was the capital of the country until its destruction by the Burmese army in 1767. ... Western side of Wat Phra Kaew, viewed from within the grounds of the Grand Palace The Wat Phra Kaew (English Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Thai: ; full official name Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram, Thai: ) is regarded as the most sacred Buddhist temple in Thailand. ... Chedi at Doi Suthep Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep (Thai: ) is a Buddhist temple in Chiang Mai province, Thailand. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... For other uses, see Lhasa (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... Mount Kailash (officially: Kangrinboqê; Tibetan: Gang Rinpoche, གངས་རིན་པོཅཧེ་; Wylie: Gangs Rin-po-che; ZWPY: Kangrinboqê; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Hindi कैलाश पर्वत, Kailāśā Parvata) is a peak in the Gangdisê mountains, the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia—the Indus River, the Sutlej River, a tributary of the Ganges... Pastoral nomads camping near Namtso (2005) Namtso (Nam Tso, Nam Co; 30°42´N 90°33´E) is a mountain lake in central Tibet. ... The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... The Silver Pagoda, Phnom Penh The Silver Pagoda in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, is the most notable wat (Buddhist temple) in the city, and is the official temple of the King of Cambodia. ... The second most ancient of Sri Lankas kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated the Chola invaders in 1070 CE to reunite the country once more under a local leader. ... The Sri Dalada Maligawa or The Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a temple in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka. ... , For other uses, see Kandy (disambiguation). ... Anuradhapura, ( in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... Royal palace museum of Luang Prabang. ... Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw , Largest city Yangon (Rangoon) Official languages Burmese Recognised regional languages Jingpho, Shan, Karen, Mon, Rakhine Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Senior General Than Shwe  -  Vice Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Vice-Senior General... Bagan (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ), formerly Pagan, formally titled Arimaddanapura (the City of the Enemy Crusher) and also known as Tambadipa (the Land of Copper) or Tassadessa (the Parched Land), was the ancient capital of several ancient kingdoms in Myanmar. ... Sagaing (population estimate 300,000) is the chief city and capital of Sagaing Division in Myanmar. ... Bodnath is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in the area of Kathmandu, Nepal. ... Stupa at Swayambhunath Shikhar style temple erected by king Pratap Malla Swayambhunath (Devnagari: स्वयम्भूनाथ स्तुप, English (rarely):Monkey Temple) is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in the area of Kathmandu. ... Borobudur is a ninth century Buddhist Mahayana monument in Central Java, Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... Nara ) is the capital city of Nara Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. ...

Christianity

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in Christianity.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in Christianity.
Some European pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostela in 2005.
Some European pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostela in 2005.
Pilgrims on their way to the shrine of St. Thomas Becket, Canterbury Cathedral.
Pilgrims on their way to the shrine of St. Thomas Becket, Canterbury Cathedral.

Pilgrimages were first made to sites connected with the birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. Surviving descriptions of Christian pilgrimages to the Holy Land date from the 4th century, when pilgrimage was encouraged by church fathers like Saint Jerome. Pilgrimages also began to be made to Rome and other sites associated with the Apostles, Saints and Christian martyrs, as well as to places where there have been apparitions of the Virgin Mary. The crusades to the holy land were considered to be mass armed pilgrimages. This article is about the church building in Jerusalem. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1929x1316, 705 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pilgrimage Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1929x1316, 705 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pilgrimage Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Canterbury Cathedral is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other uses, see Holy Land (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jerome (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      For... Saints redirects here. ... Icon of St. ... Apparition of The Virgin to St Bernard by Filippino Lippi (1486) Oil on panel, 210 x 195 cm Church of Badia, Florence Marian apparitions are events in which the Virgin Mary is purported to have supernaturally appeared to one or more persons, typically Catholics, in various settings. ... Our Lady redirects here. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... For other uses, see Holy Land (disambiguation). ...


The second largest single pilgrimage in the history of Christendom was to the Funeral of Pope John Paul II after his death on April 2, 2005.[citation needed] An estimated four million people travelled to Vatican City, in addition to the almost three million people already living in Rome, to see the body of Pope John Paul II lie in state. This T-and-O map, which abstracts the known world to a cross inscribed within an orb, remakes geography in the service of Christian iconography. ... The body of Pope John Paul II. April 5, 2005. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: , Polish: ) born   IPA: ; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City from 16 October 1978, until his death, almost 27 years later, making his the second-longest...


World Youth Day is a major Catholic Pilgrimage, specifically for people aged 16-35. It is held internationally every 2-3 years. In 2005, young Catholics visited Cologne, Germany. In 1995, the largest gathering of all time was to World Youth Day in Manila, Philippines, where four million people from all over the world attended. World Youth Day 2000 in Rome World Youth Day (It. ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ...


The major Christian pilgrimages are to:

For other uses, see Holy Land (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Note: Judaism... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... The Passion is the theological term used for the suffering, both physical and mental, of Jesus in the hours prior to and including his trial and execution by crucifixion. ... The resurrection of Jesus is an event in the New Testament in which God raised him from the dead[1] after his death by crucifixion. ... This article is about the city in the West Bank. ... Hebrew (Natzrat or Natzeret) Arabic الناصرة (an-Nāṣira) Government City District North Population 64,800[1] Metropolitan Area: 185,000 (2006) Jurisdiction 14 200 dunams (14. ... The Sea of Galilee or Lake Kinneret (Hebrew ים כנרת), is Israels largest freshwater lake. ... Mount Tabor may refer to a number of places: Mount Tabor is a hill in the Holy Land near Nazareth. ... The word Transfiguration means a changing of appearance or form. ... Bethany was originally two places in ancient Israel, the best known located near Jerusalem, “on the southeastern slope of the Mount of Olives”: see Bethany (Israel). ... Resurrection of Lazarus by Juan de Flandes, around 1500 For other uses, see Lazarus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Route of the Via Francigena The Via Francigena is an ancient road to Rome for those coming from France. ... St Peter redirects here. ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Relic (disambiguation). ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... Byzantine redirects here. ... The Pentarchy, a Greek word meaning government of five, designates the Five Great Sees or early Patriarchates, which were the five major centres of the Christian church in Late Antiquity. ... First among equals redirects here. ... For other senses, see Patriarch (disambiguation). ... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ... For other uses, see Hagia Sophia (disambiguation). ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox communion. ... This article is about the French pilgrimage location. ... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... St James the Moor Slayer. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... Saint James the Great (d. ... Fātima was originally an Arabic name, meaning She who weans, being the name of the only proved surviving child of the prophet Muhammad; after the advent of Islam it became a common Muslim name for women. ... Our Lady of Fatima Our Lady of Fatima (pron. ... This article is about the Italian town. ... Saint Francis of Assisi (born in Assisi, Italy, ca. ... Saint Clare of Assisi, born Chiara Offreduccio, (July 16, 1194–August 11, 1253) was one of the first followers of Francis of Assisi and founded the Order of Poor Ladies to organize the women who chose to take the Franciscan vow of poverty and celibacy. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica The basilica at night The Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar or Nuestra Señora del Pilar is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Zaragoza, Aragon, of great importance in Spain. ... For other uses, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Canterbury Cathedral is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site. ... St Thomas Becket (December 21, 1118 – December 29, 1170) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170. ... Cap-de-la-Madeleine is a former city in Quebec, Canada at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice River and the St. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Baroque façade of the Castle of Vera Cruz Caravaca de la Cruz (or simply and more commonly Caravaca) is a town and municipality of southeastern Spain, in the province of Murcia, near the left bank of the River Caravaca, a tributary of the Segura. ... Capital Murcia Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 9th  11 313 km²  2,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 10th  1 226 993  2,9%  108,46/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Murcian  murciano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 ISO 3166-2 MU Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Carey is a village in Wyandot County, Ohio, United States. ... The Basilica and National Shrine of Our Lady of Consolation is a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church and a shrine to the Virgin Mary, operated by the Conventual Franciscan Friars. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... According to Catholic theology and the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches, the body of Mary, the mother of Jesus, venerated by these denominations as the Blessed Virgin Mary or Theotokos, respectively, was taken into Heaven along with her soul after her death. ... The Cathedral of Chartres (Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres, French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres), located in Chartres, about 50 miles (80 km) from Paris, is considered one of the finest examples in all France of the Gothic style of architecture. ... County Harghita County Status County capital Mayor Róbert Ráduly, Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, since 2000 Population (2002) 42,029 Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... The name of the Jewish holiday Shavuot is commonly translated as Pentecost. Pentecost is the Christian festival that commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles, fifty days after the Resurrection of Jesus at Easter, and ten days after the Ascension. ... This article is about the Hungarian ethnic group. ... Croagh patrick is a 764 m (2,510 ft) mountain in the west of Ireland and an important site of pilgrimage. ... Categories: Stub ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... Motto: CzÄ™stochowa to dobre miasto (CzÄ™stochowa is a good city) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina CzÄ™stochowa Established 11th century City Rights 1356 Government  - Mayor Tadeusz Wrona Area  - City 162. ... Black Madonna, Fleur de lys of CzÄ™stochowa, Poland The Black Madonna of CzÄ™stochowa, (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska CzÄ™stochowska in Polish) icon was, according to legend, painted by St. ... Medieval Jasna Góra Monastery The Jasna Góra Monastery (Polish: Jasna Góra, Hungarian: Fényes Hegy, Latin: Clarus Mons, English: Bright Hill) is a Pauline Fathers monastery in the City of CzÄ™stochowa, Poland. ... Official standard of Karekin II Catholicos of Armenia The Armenian Apostolic Church (Armenian: Õ€Õ¡Õµ Ô±Õ¼Õ¡Ö„Õ¥Õ¬Õ¡Õ¯Õ¡Õ¶ Եկեղեցի, Hay Arakelagan Yegeghetzi), sometimes called the Armenian Orthodox Church or the Gregorian Church, is the worlds oldest national church[1] [2] and one of the most ancient Christian communities [3]. // Baptism of Tiridates III. The earliest... For other uses, see Glastonbury (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier; Chinese: 聖方濟各沙勿略) (7 April 1506 - 2 December 1552) was a Spanish pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). ... General view of the Hill of Crosses. ... Pope John Paul II visited the House of the Virgin Mary in 1979. ... His Holiness Pope John Paul II, officially in Latin , born Karol Józef Wojtyła [1] (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from 16 October 1978 until his death. ... Issoudun is a commune of the Indre département in France. ... Motto: none [[Image:|300px|Location of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska]] Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Mayor Augustyn Ormanty Area 5. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kevelaer is a town in the district of Cleves (Kleve) in Germany with 27,624 inhabitants. ... This article refers to Knock in County Mayo, Ireland. ... Lakefield (population 2400) is a village that is part of Smith-Ennismore-Lakefield, Peterborough County, Ontario, although it was formerly a separate village. ... La Salette is a mountaintop village near Grenoble, France. ... Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen. ... Front side of the Basilica Back side of the Basilica The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen is located in Greater Poland in a village called Stary LicheÅ„, near Konin. ... Lisieux is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Lower Normandy région, in France. ... Saint Thérèse de Lisieux (January 2, 1873 - September 30, 1897), or more properly Sainte Thérèse de lEnfant-Jésus (Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus), born Marie-Françoise-Thérèse Martin, was a Roman Catholic nun who was canonised as a... This article is about the French pilgrimage location. ... Mariazell is a small city in Austria, in Styria, well known for winter sports, 143 km N. of Graz. ... St. ... The Virgin of Montserrat, or La Moreneta in its setting Detail The Virgin of Montserrat is a statue of Mary, Mother of Jesus venerated at the Montserrat mountain in Catalonia, Spain. ... Santa María de Montserrat is a Benedictine abbey located in the Montserrat mountain, near Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain. ... Capital Karyes Largest city Karyes Official languages Greek, Church Slavonic, Bulgarian, Georgian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian Government  -  Head of State2 Dora Bakoyannis  -  Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I Area  -  Total 335. ... The Brazen Serpent sculpture Mount Nebo (Arabic: جبل نيبو; transliterated: Jabal Nebo) is an elevated ridge that is approximately 817 metres (2680 feet) above sea level, in what is now western Jordan. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... St. ... For the Biblical Mount Sinai, and a discussion of its possible locations, see Biblical Mount Sinai. ... Burning bush at St. ... For other uses, see Ten Commandments (disambiguation). ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Nidaros was the old name of Trondheim, Norway, in the middle ages. ... Olaf II Haraldsson (995 – July 29, 1030), king from 1015–1028, (known during his lifetime as the Stout (Olav Digre) and after his canonization as Saint Olaf), was born in the year in which Olaf Tryggvason came to Norway. ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... For others known as Saint Anthony, see Saint Anthony (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Sacré-CÅ“ur Basilica (French: Basilique du Sacré-CÅ“ur, Basilica of the Sacred Heart) is a Roman Catholic basilica and popular landmark in Paris, France, dedicated to the Sacred Heart. ... Shrine: glass coffin of St Catherine Labouré Ex-votos, rue du Bac, Paris Altar Altar St Vincent de Paul Saint Catherine Laboure (May 2, 1806 – December 31, 1876) was a Marian visionary who claimed to have relayed the request from the Blessed Virgin Mary to create the Miraculous Medal worn... Rosslyn Chapel. ... Sacro Monte di Varallo. ... San Giovanni Rotondo is the name of a city and comune in the Province of Foggia, Puglia region, Italy. ... Pietrelcina is the name of a town and comune in the Province of Benevento, Campania Region, Italy. ... The Royal Monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe (Spanish: Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe) is a monastic establishment in Cáceres province of the Extremadura autonomous community of Spain, which used to be the most important monastery in the country for more than four centuries. ... Santo Toribio de Liébana is a Franciscan monastery located in the district of Liébana, near Potes in Cantabria, Spain. ... For the Mesozoic island Cantabria, see Cantabria (Mesozoic island). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see New Mexico (disambiguation). ... An image of Our Lady of Guadalupe. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... See St Andrews, New South Wales for St Andrews, Sydney, Australia. ... St. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Prayer in the Church of Reconciliation at Taizé The Taizé Community is an ecumenical Christian mens monastic order in Taizé, Saône-et-Loire, Burgundy, France. ... County District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2003-) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... Torino redirects here. ... Vailankanni, also known as Velankanni, is a small town located on the shores of the Bay of Bengal 350 km south of Chennai (Madras) and 12 km south of Nagapattinam on the Coromandel Coast, in Tamil Nadu, India. ... Seal of the Medieval Shrine The Anglican National Procession to Walsingham proceeds through the ruined abbey, May 2003. ... Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially [Die] Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Reformation redirects here. ... Etnographic regions of Lithuania. ...

Hinduism

Pilgrim in Pashupatinat.
Pilgrim in Pashupatinat.

Hindus are required to undertake pilgrimages during their lifetime. Most Hindus who can afford to go on such journeys travel to numerous sites described in the following list. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 1. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...

The last four sites in the list together comprise the Chardham, or four holy pilgrimage destinations. It is believed that travelling to these places leads to moksha, the release from samsara (cycle of rebirths). The holy places of pilgrimage for the Shaktism sect of Hinduism are the Shakti peethas (Temples of Shakti). This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Amarnath is one of the most famous of Hindu temples, dedicated to Lord Shiva, located in Jammu and Kashmir, Republic of India. ... This article or section needs to be wikified. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , This article is about the town in Cuddalore district. ... Dakshineswar, a small place situated alongside the Vivekananda Setu, in the Hooghly district, north of Calcutta, on the East bank of Hoogli River, is famous for its temples. ... Sri Manjunatha swamy temple Dharmasthala is perhaps the most highly revered and best known temple town in Karnataka. ... , Dwarka   is a city and a municipality in Jamnagar district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Gaya was a confederacy of chiefdoms that existed in the Nakdong River valley of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era. ... Guruvayoor Temple Entrance Guruvayoor is a small town in the Trissur district of Kerala, south India. ... Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. ... , Haridwar (also spelt as Hardwar, Hindi: हरिद्वार)   is a holy city and municipal board in the Haridwar District in the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. ... Kalahasti temple is a famous Siva temple, and is said to be the site where Kannappa, one of the 63 Saivite Nayanars, was ready to offer his last remaining eye to cover blood flowing from the Siva linga before the Lord stopped him and granted mukti. ... , Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... For other uses, see Kanyakumari (disambiguation). ... Kateel is a Holy city in Hinduism. ... Kollur is a tiny hamlet situated at Kundapur, about 140 Kms away from Mangalore. ... , Kumbakonam (Tamil: கும்பகோணம்) is a city and a municipality in the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Kukke Subramanya is a famous Hindu cave temple dedicated to Subramanya (Lord Murugan) located in Subramanya, Karnataka,about 105 km from Mangalore. ... It is a famous murugan temple, atop a small hill near Madurai, India. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... Shore Temple, rescued from the sea Mahabalipuram (Tamil:மகாபலிபுரம்) (also known as Mamallapuram) is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... There are six PadaiVeedugal (Fort-Houses) for Lord Murugan. ... Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Mandher Devi temple is the Kalubai temple in Mandhradevi near Wai (Satara District, Maharashtra, India). ... The Ganges river at Mayapur Mayapur (Bengali: মায়াপুর) is located on the banks of the Ganges river near Navadvip, West Bengal, India, 130 km north of Kolkata (Calcutta). ... Mount Kailash (officially: Kangrinboqê; Tibetan: Gang Rinpoche, གངས་རིན་པོཅཧེ་; Wylie: Gangs Rin-po-che; ZWPY: Kangrinboqê; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Hindi कैलाश पर्वत, Kailāśā Parvata) is a peak in the Gangdisê mountains, the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia—the Indus River, the Sutlej River, a tributary of the Ganges... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Nathdwara is a town in Rajasthan state of western India. ... It is one of the most famous Murugan temples in India. ... One of Arupadaiveedu of Lord Muruga. ... Puri can mean: Puri, a city in the Indian state of Orissa, which is famous for the Jagannath temple and the serene beaches located there . ... , Pushkar is a town in the state of Rajasthan in India. ... Puttaparthi is the birth place and abode of Bhagwan Sathya Sai Baba. ... This article is about temple town. ... River Ganges in Rishikesh Rishikesh (also spelled Hrishikesh) (Hindi: )is a city and a municipal board in Dehradun district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. ... Sabarimala (Malayalam :ശബരിമല) is a pilgrim centre in Kerala in the Western Ghat mountain ranges of India. ... Shirdi is a town in the Ahmednagar district of the state Maharashtra in India. ... Sikkal Singara Velan Temple is one of the most popular Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Muruga and a contendor for a the unofficial seventh Padaiveedu of Muruga, along with the popular Arupadaiveedu (six bodes of Lord Muruga). ... Sivagiri is a pilgimage centre in Kerala where one of its social reformer and sage Sree Narayana Gurus tomb is located. ... The Somnath Temple located in the Prabhas Kshetra near Veraval in Saurashtra, on the western coast of Gujarat, India is one of the twelve Jyotirlings (golden lingas) symbols of the God Shiva. ... Sringeri is the site of the first matha established by the Adi Sankaracharya, the 8th century Hindu reformer and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. ... Srirangam (Tamil: ஸ்ரீரங்கம்), also known as Thiruvarangam, is an island town in the district of Tiruchirapalli ( also known shortly as Trichy or Tiruchi) in South India. ... One of the Aru Padaiveedu, the six main abodes of Lord Muruga, Swamimalai is where Lord Muruga preached his own father Lord Shiva at a tender age. ... The District Map of Kanyakumari. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Thanjavur, formerly known as Tanjore, is a city in Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... Thiruchendur Murugan temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Muruga and one of the Arupadaiveedu six major abodes of Lord Muruga. ... One of the Aru Padaiveedu, the six main abodes of Lord Muruga, Tiruparankunram offers a mystic beauty. ... Tiruthani Murugan temple is one of the famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Muruga. ... Thiruvannamalai is a town in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... , Mahakal Temple Ujjain Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) ([[map view : maxujjain dot com]) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... Uttara Swami Malai Temple (Tamil: ), popularly known as Malai Mandir (literally, Hill Temple), is a Hindu temple complex in Delhi primarily dedicated to Lord Swaminatha (more commonly known as Lord Murugan). ... Vaishno Devi Mandir (Hindi: ) is one of the holiest Hindu temples dedicated to Shakti, located in the hill of Vaishno Devi, Jammu and Kashmir, India. ... The Vayalur Murugan Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Muruga, located near the city of Tiruchirapalli (Trichy) in Tamil Nadu, India. ... Viralimalai Murugan Temple is one of the famous Hindu temples dedidated to Lord Muruga, located in the town of Viralimalai about 30 km from Trichy and 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamilnadu, India. ... Virpur is a small town near Rajkot city in Gujarat State of India. ... , Vrindavan   (alternate spellings Vrindaban or Brindavan), or Vraj in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh, India is a town on the site of an ancient forest which is believed to have been the region where the famous cowherd boy, Krishna, from Hindu scriptures spent his childhood days. ... , Badrinath is a Hindu holy town and a nagar panchayat in Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. ... , Gangotri is a town and a nagar panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. ... The Kedarnath temple Kedarnath is a Hindu holy town located in the the Indian state of Uttarakhand. ... Yamunotri, the source of the Yamuna River and the seat of the goddess Yamuna, is one of the four sites in Indias Char Dham pilgrimage. ... The Char Dham (the four abodes/seats) is the most important Hindu pilgrimage circuit in the Indian Himalayas. ... For other uses, see Moksha (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Samsara (disambiguation). ... Shaktism focuses worship upon the Hindu Divine Mother, here manifested as Tridevi – the conjoined forms of Lakshmi , Parvati and Saraswati. ... The Shakti Peethas (places of strength) are places of worship consecrated to the goddess Shakti, the female principal of Hinduism and the main deity of the Shakta sect. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ...


Islam

Main article: Hajj

The pilgrimage to Mecca – the Hajj – is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. It should be attempted at least once in the lifetime of all able-bodied Muslims who can afford to do so. It is the most important of all Muslim Pilgrimages. A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ... The Five Pillars of Islam (Arabic: أركان الإسلام) is the term given to the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


Many Muslims also undergo ziyarat, which is a pilgrimage to sites associated with the prophet Muhammad, his companions, or other venerated figures in Islamic history, such as Shi'a imams or Sufi saints. Sites of pilgrimage include mosques, graves, battlefields, mountains, and caves. Ziyarat is a pilgrimage to sites associated with the prophet Muhammad, his companions, or other venerated figures in Islamic history, such as Shia imams or Sufi saints. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


Local Pilgrimage traditions - those undertaken as ziarah visits to local graves, are also found throughout Muslim countries. In some countries, the grave sites of heroes have very strong ziyarah traditions as visiting the graves at auspicious times is a display of national and community identity. Some traditions within Islam have negative attitudes towards grave visiting. Ziarah is an Islamic grave visiting tradition common throughout the countries where holy and sacred graves attract pilgrimage and calendrically appropriate visits. ...


The third religiously sanctioned pilgrimage for Muslims is to the Al Quds mount in Jerusalem which hosts Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Al-aqsa (disambiguation). ... The Dome of the Rock in the center of the Temple Mount The Dome of the Rock, (Arabic: مسجد قبة الصخرة, translit. ...


Another important place for Muslims are the city of Medina, the second holiest place in Islam, in Saudi Arabia, where Muhammad rests, in Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet); and the district of Eyüp in Istanbul (fourth holiest place) is where Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (Turkish: Eyüp Sultan), the standard-bearer of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, died during the Arab assault on Constantinople in 670. This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet) The Mosque of the Prophet ( Arabic: ) [IPA /mæsʤıd ænːæbæwı], in Medina, is the second holiest mosque in Islam. ... Eyüp is a district of the city of Ä°stanbul and sub-province of Ä°stanbul Province Originally this area was a village beyond the walls of the city of Istanbul but as the city grew it became incorporated into the city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (587 - 668) - born Khalid ibn Zayd ibn Kulayb in Yathrib - hailed from the tribe of Banu Najjar and was a close companion (Arabic: الصحابه, sahaba) of the Prophet Muhammed. ... This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. ... The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). ...


Judaism

The Wailing Wall is all that remains of the Western wall of the Temple in Jerusalem.
The Wailing Wall is all that remains of the Western wall of the Temple in Jerusalem.

See related article Three pilgrim festivals. Western Wall by night The Western Wall, known as the Kotel HaMaaravi (or simply Kotel)הכותל המערבי in Hebrew , also called the Wailing Wall (or Al-Buraq Wall, in a mix of English and Arabic) is a retaining wall from the time of the Second, q. ... The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (Hebrew:  ; The Holy House), refers to a series of structures located on the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit) in the old city of Jerusalem. ... The Three Pilgrim Festivals, known as the Shalosh Regalim in Hebrew, are three major festivals in Judaism when the Children of Israel living in ancient Israel and Judea, and later the Jews, were commanded by the Torah to make an actual physical pilgrimage to Jerusalem and participate in the festivities...


Within Judaism, the Temple in Jerusalem was the center of the Jewish religion, until its destruction in 70 CE, and all adult men who were able were required to visit and offer sacrifices known as the korbanot, particularly during Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (Hebrew:  ; The Holy House), refers to a series of structures located on the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit) in the old city of Jerusalem. ... This article is about the year 70. ... Korban (קרבן) (plural: Korbanot קרבנות) in Judaism, is commonly called a religious sacrifice or an offering in English, but is known as a Korban in Hebrew because its Hebrew root K [a] R [o] V (קרב) (or K [o] R [a] V) means to [come] Close (or Draw Near) [to... This article is about the Jewish holiday. ... Shavuot, also spelled Shavuos (Hebrew: שבועות (Israeli Heb. ... Sukkot (Hebrew:  ; booths. ...


Following the destruction of the Second Temple and the onset of the diaspora, the centrality of pilgrimage to Jerusalem in Judaism was discontinued. In its place came prayers and rituals hoping for a return to Zion and the accompanying restoration of regular pilgrimages (see Jerusalem, Jews and Judaism). A stone (2. ... For other uses, see Diaspora (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Zion (Hebrew: צִיּוֹן, tziyyon; Tiberian vocalization: tsiyyôn; transliterated Zion or Sion) is a term that most often designates the Land of Israel and its capital Jerusalem. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...


Until recent centuries, pilgrimage has been a fairly difficult and arduous adventure. But now, Jews from many countries make periodic pilgrimages to the holy sites of their religion.


The western retaining wall of the original temple, known as the Wailing Wall, or Western Wall remains in the Old City of Jerusalem and this has been the most sacred site for religious Jews. Pilgrimage to this area was off-limits from 1948 to 1967, when East Jerusalem was controlled by Jordan. Western Wall by night The Western Wall, known as the Kotel HaMaaravi (or simply Kotel)הכותל המערבי in Hebrew , also called the Wailing Wall (or Al-Buraq Wall, in a mix of English and Arabic) is a retaining wall from the time of the Second, q. ... The Western Wall by night. ...


Some Reform and Conservative Jews who no longer consider themselves exiles, still enjoy visiting Israel even if it is not an official "pilgrimage." Reform Judaism can refer to (1) the largest denomination of American Jews and its sibling movements in other countries, (2) a branch of Judaism in the United Kingdom, and (3) the historical predecessor of the American movement that originated in 19th-century Germany. ... This article is about Conservative (Masorti) Judaism in the United States. ... Exile (band) may refer to: Exile - The American country music band Exile - The Japanese pop music band Category: ...


Secular pilgrimage

In modern usage, the terms pilgrim and pilgrimage can also have a somewhat devalued meaning as they are often applied in a secular context. For example, fans of Elvis Presley may choose to visit his home, Graceland, in Memphis, Tennessee. Similarly one may refer to a cultural center such as Venice as a "tourist Mecca". This article is about secularism. ... Elvis redirects here. ... For other uses, see Graceland (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ...


Communism

In a number of Communist contries, secular pilgrimages were established as an "antidote" to religious pilgrimages, the most famous of which are:

State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Mao Zedongs Mausoleum The Chairman Mao Memorial Hall (Simplified Chinese: 毛主席纪念堂; pinyin: Máo ZhÅ­xí Jìniàntáng), commonly known as the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong is the last resting place of Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the... For the 1989 protest, see Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. ... Peking redirects here. ... Karl-Marx-House The Karl-Marx-House (German: Karl-Marx-Haus) is the house in Trier, in which Karl Marx was born in 1818; it is now a museum. ... Trier (French: ; Luxembourgish Tréier) is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. ...

See also

// The shrine where Baháulláh is buried. ... Junrei (巡礼) is the word most commonly used for either of two major types of pilgrimages in Japan, in accordance with Buddhism or Shinto. ... This article concerns the buildings occupied by monastics. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Holy of Holies. ... A Romería is a Spanish religious pilgrimage. ... Monument to pilgrims in Burgos, Spain This article is on religious pilgrims. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Smith, Peter (2000). "Pilgrimage". A concise encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. p. 269. ISBN 1-85168-184-1. 
  2. ^ The Buddha mentions these four pilgrimage sites in the Mahaparinibbana Sutta. See, for instance, Thanissaro (1998)[1] and Vajira & Story (1998)[2].
  3. ^ Basilica and National Shrine of Our Lady of Consolation official website
  4. ^ House of the Virgin Mary listing at www.Ephesus.US

For the Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra, a text of East Asian Mahayana Buddhism, see Nirvana Sutra. ...

Further reading

  • al-Naqar, Umar. 1972. The Pilgrimage Tradition in West Africa. Khartoum: Khartoum University Press. [includes a map 'African Pilgrimage Routes to Mecca, ca. 1300-1900']
  • Coleman, Simon and John Elsner (1995), Pilgrimage: Past and Present in the World Religions. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Coleman, Simon & John Eade (eds) (2005), Reframing Pilgrimage. Cultures in Motion. London: Routledge.
  • Jackowski, Antoni. 1998. Pielgrzymowanie [Pilgrimage]. Wroclaw: Wydawnictwo Dolnoslaskie.
  • Margry, Peter Jan (ed.) (2008), Shrines and Pilgrimage in the Modern World. New Itineraries into the Sacred. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  • Sumption, Jonathan. 2002. Pilgrimage: An Image of Mediaeval Religion. London: Faber and Faber Ltd.
  • Wolfe, Michael (ed.). 1997. One Thousands Roads to Mecca. New York: Grove Press.
  • Zarnecki, George (1985), The Monastic World: The Contributions of The Orders. pp. 36-66, in Evans, Joan (ed.). 1985. The Flowering of the Middle Ages. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.

Literature

  • Kerschbaum & Gattinger, Via Francigena - DVD- Documentation, of a modern pilgrimage to Rome, ISBN 3200005009, Verlag EUROVIA, Vienna 2005

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Pilgrimage Magazine -pilgrimagepress.org (275 words)
Pilgrimage, founded in 1976, is published three times a year in Crestone, Colorado.
Pilgrimage is a collection of works woven from poetic, philosophical, and artistic threads that honor the search for place, fulfill the need for story, and most importantly, remind us that sometimes it is when we are on the journey that we are most at home.
Pilgrimage Magazine, published three times a year, emphasizes themes of place, spirit, peace and justice, in and beyond the Greater Southwest.
Pilgrimage - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1152 words)
A pilgrimage is a term primarily used in religion and spirituality of a long journey or search of great moral significance.
The second largest single pilgrimage in the history of Christendom was to the Funeral of Pope John Paul II after his death on April 2, 2005.
Pilgrimage to Mecca – the hajj – is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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