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Encyclopedia > Pila

Piła (German: Schneidemühl) is a town in northwestern Poland. It currently with 77,000 inhabitants (2001). It is situated in the Greater Poland Voivodship (since 1999), previously capital of Piła Voivodship (1975-1998). Piła is the largest town in the northern part of Greater Poland, and is a county capital. The town is beautifully located on the Gwda river and is famous for its green areas, parks and dense forests nearby. It is a very important road and railway hub. Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship of western-central Poland It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznan, Kalisz, Konin, Pila and Leszno voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... Pila Voivodship ( Polish: Województwo pilske) was a voivodships (unit of administrative division and local government) in Poland from 1975 to 1998. ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ...

Piła
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
Motto: none
Voivodship Greater Poland
Municipal government Rada Miasta Piły
Mayor Zbigniew Kosmatka
Area 102,67 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

76 300
none
743/km²
Founded
City rights
15th century
before 1513
Latitude
Longitude
53° 09' N
16° 44' E
Area code +48 67
Car plates PP
Twin towns Châtellerault, Cuxhaven, Kronstadt, Schwerin
Municipal Website (http://www.pila.pl/)
Contents

2.1 Notable people
2.2 Historical attractions
2.3 Historical population
Flag of Piła, made by Halibutt in GIMP. File links The following pages link to this file: Pila Flag of Pila Categories: GFDL images ... CoA of Piła This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. ... Piła on a map of Poland File links The following pages link to this file: Pila Categories: GFDL images ... A Voivodship ( Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod. ... Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship of western-central Poland It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznan, Kalisz, Konin, Pila and Leszno voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Events January 20 - Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Châtellerault is a commune in the Vienne département, in the Poitou-Charentes région of France. ... Cuxhaven beach at sunset Cuxhaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, with about 55000 inhabitants. ... 1888 map of Kronstadt bay Kronstadt (Russian: Кронштадт; also Kronshtadt, Cronstadt) is a strongly fortified Russian seaport town, located on Kotlin Island, near the head of the Gulf of Finland, at 59° 59′ 30″ N 29° 46′ 30″ E. It lies 20 miles west of Saint Petersburg, of which it... Schwerin is a town in northern Germany. ...

City name

Piła is a Polish word which means "a saw". This was a typical name denoting a village of woodcutters belonging to a local noble.


The German name Schneidemühl literally means "sawmill" in English.


History

Piła was founded in 1380 under the Magdeburg Law as a small village of woodcutters. The document was most probably issued by Queen Jadwiga of Poland, but it did not survive. The first mention of Piła comes from a church document dated March 31, 1451. Piła soon grew and became a private town of the Opaliński family. In 1480 Maciej Opaliński ceded the town to King Kazimierz Jagiellończyk. On March 4, 1513 the town was relocated by King Sigismund the Old. Piła was granted self-government and great economical autonomy. Because of that it soon became one of the main centres of wood industry in the area with several sawmills and a paper factory. Events September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols (the Golden Horde), stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... Events February 3 - Murad II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Mehmed II. April 11 - Celje acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from the Celje count Frederic II. June 30 - French troops under the Comte de Dunois invade Guyenne and capture... Events Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Władyslaw II Jagiełło Zofia Holszańska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka Władysław II Jagiellończyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka Kazimierz Swięty Jan I Olbracht Aleksander Jagiellończyk Zofia Elżbieta Zygmunt I... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... Events January 20 - Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga Anna with Bona...


In the 16th century the town was rented by the Bnińscy and Górkowie families, who founded the local Gothic City Hall. In 1503 the town had 153 houses, two churches and the City Hall, as well as several guilds. In 1605 King Zygmunt III Waza gave Piła to his second wife, Konstancja. In 1626 a fire destroyed most of the city (only two buildings were made of brick). Piła was rebuilt rapidly thanks to funds granted by Konstancja. New houses were constructed of brick and stone and the town was reconstructed in plain renaissance style. However, during The Deluge on July 24, 1655 the Swedish forces captured the city and pillaged it. Piła was also pillaged and damaged during the consecutive Great Northern and Seven Years' Wars. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Gothic architecture characterizes any of the styles of European architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use throughout Europe during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards. ... Events January 20 - Seville in Castile is awarded exclusive right to trade with the New World. ... A guild is an association of persons of the same trade or pursuits, formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standards of morality or conduct. ... Events April 13 - Tsar Boris Godunow dies - Feodor II accedes to the throne May 16 - Paul V becomes Pope June 1 - Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... This article is about the history of Poland. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... Events New Sweden (Delaware) attacked and captured by Dutch forces. ... Not to be confused with the Northern Wars (1655–1661) The Swedish Victory at Narva, 1700 by Gustaf Cederström, painted 1910 Battle of Poltava fragment of mosaic, by Mikhail Lomonosov, 1717 The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from... The Seven Years War (1754 and 1756–1763) pitted Great Britain, Prussia and Hanover against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony. ...


After the First Partition of Poland in 1772 it was annexed by Prussia. In 1806, together with most of Great Poland, it was recaptured by the Duchy of Warsaw, but in 1815 the Congress of Vienna granted it to Prussia again. The Polish language was banned from offices and education and the city saw a significant influx of German settlers. In 1834 the city was again struck by a fire that destroyed a large part of the city centre and the city archives. It was reconstructed shortly afterwards. The Partitions of Poland ( Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish state established... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... Polish (polski, język polski) is the official language of Poland. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1851 the city was connected to Berlin and Bromberg by a railroad. By the end of the 19th century the city, then renamed to Schneidemühl, became one of the most important railway nodes of eastern Prussia and one of the biggest towns in the Province of Posen. It was turned into a military garrison town. Until 1871 Piła belonged to the Grand Duchy of Posen, but was incorporated into Province of Posen in the German Empire, after it was created. Events January 23 - The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in Oregon is named after Boston, Massachusetts, or Portland, Maine, with Portland winning. ... Berlin (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ... Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Province of Posen (German: Provinz Posen, Polish: Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia ( 1846- 1918). ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, German: Grossherzogtum Posen) was province of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815-1849. ... The Province of Posen (German: Provinz Posen, Polish: Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia ( 1846- 1918). ... The term German Empire (Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ...


After World War I the city was not included in the newly-reborn Poland. After the Great Poland Uprising, the new Polish-German border ran 5 kilometres south of the city. In 1922 Schneidemühl became a centre of local administration of Grenzmark Posen-Westpreußen. The city experienced a short period of fast growth followed by a period of decline in the early thirties. High unemployment and ineffectivity of local administration led to a rising support for the NSDAP. In 1938 included in Pomerania. During the World War II the city was included into the Pommerstellung line of fortifications. In 1945 the town was declared a festung by Adolf Hitler. It was captured by the joint Polish and Soviet forces after two weeks of heavy fights. The city was destroyed in 75% and almost 90% of the historical city centre was in ruins. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918- 1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Lithuanian Pamarė, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers, reaching the... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Festung is a generic German word for a fortress. ... Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945) was the Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Imperial chancellor) of Germany from 1933 to his death. ... The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: (СССР)  listen; tr. ...


After the war Piła was given to Poland. The historical city centre was restored only partially. In 1975 Piła became the capital of the newly-established Piła Voivodship, which started a period of fast development of industry in the area. Currently Piła is one of the most important cities of the region. It is famous for its green areas and parks, as well as for its speedway club Polonia Piła. 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Pila Voivodship ( Polish: Województwo pilske) was a voivodships (unit of administrative division and local government) in Poland from 1975 to 1998. ... Speedway has multiple meanings: An alternative name for a race track Speedway, Indiana, home of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway The gas station chain Speedway SuperAmerica Motorcycle speedway, a form of motorcycle racing The name of a Scottish pop rock group who hit the UK charts in 2003. ...


Notable people

Stanisław Staszic (November 6, 1755 - January 20, 1826) was a Polish priest, philosopher, statesman, geologist, scholar, poet and writer, a leader of the Polish Enlightenment, famous for works related to the Great or Four-Year Sejm (1788-1792) and the May Constitution of Poland adopted by it on May 3... For the period in European history, The Age of Enlightenment For the corresponding movement in the European Jewish community, see Haskalah. ... The term Congress Poland is an unofficial name of the Kingdom of Poland, a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when European powers reorganised Europe following the Napoleonic wars. ... Carl Friedrich Goerdeler Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (July 31, 1884 _ February 2, 1945) was a conservative German politician and opponent of the Nazi regime. ... Maximilian Kaller, Bishop of Ermland, was born in 1880 in Beuthen, Upper Silesia, Germany. ...

Historical attractions

  • 19th century building of former arsenal
  • St. Stanislaus Kostka's church - built in Neo-Gothic style
  • Holy Family's church - built in Neo-Baroque style
  • St. Anthony's church with the biggest in Europe seven metre tall wooden figure of Jesus (church built in 1930)
  • museum in house of Stanisław Staszic
  • two war cemeteries (prisoners from the World War I and Polish and Soviet soldiers killed during the battle of Wał Pomorski (Pommerstellung) during World War II); cemeteries are in uptown part of Piła, in Leszków.

Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Arse is an establishment for the construction, repair, receipt, storage, and excretion and issue of weapons and ammunitionand random iraqis. ... Gothic architecture characterizes any of the styles of European architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use throughout Europe during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint The Baroque was a style in art that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce... Saint Anthony may be: Saints Anthony the Great (251-356) Anthony of Padua (also of Lisbon) (1195-1231) Place names United Kingdom: St. ... Jesus, also known as Jesus Christ, is the central figure in Christianity. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Stanisław Staszic (November 6, 1755 - January 20, 1826) was a Polish priest, philosopher, statesman, geologist, scholar, poet and writer, a leader of the Polish Enlightenment, famous for works related to the Great or Four-Year Sejm (1788-1792) and the May Constitution of Poland adopted by it on May 3... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...

Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1774 1.322
1816 1.992
1843 4.111
1856 6.060
1867 7.516
1875 9.724
Year Inhabitants
1880 11.610
1900 19.655
1910 26.126
1925 37.518
1933 43.180
1939 45.791
Year Inhabitants
1948 10.700
1960 33.800
1970 43.700
1980 58.900
1990 71.100
1995 75.700

1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Economy

Major corporations

  • Philips Lighning Poland SA, Piła
  • Winkowski sp. z o.o., Piła

Education

  • Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu

Sports

PTPS Nafta Gaz Pila is a Polish womens volleyball team, based in Piła, playing in Polish Seria A Womens Volleyball League 2003/2004 season 2nd place in Seria A. 2004/2005 season The team will play Seria A. Best achievements to be written yet Team history to be... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... Polish Seria A Volleyball Leage is the highest level of women volleyball games played in Poland. ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... The Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkowki, PLS) is the highest level of mens volleyball in Poland. ... Speedway has multiple meanings: An alternative name for a race track Speedway, Indiana, home of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway The gas station chain Speedway SuperAmerica Motorcycle speedway, a form of motorcycle racing The name of a Scottish pop rock group who hit the UK charts in 2003. ... This article deals with the history and development of the different sports around the world known as football. For links to articles on each of those sports, please see the list in the Football today section of this article. ...

Politics

Piła constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Piła constituency This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ...

  • Ajchler Romuald, SLD-UP
  • Beger Renata, Samoobrona
  • Gawłowski Andrzej, SLD-UP
  • Kalemba Stanisław, PSL
  • Pijanowska Grażyna, SLD-UP
  • Piosik Stanisław, SLD-UP
  • Skowyra Józef, LPR
  • Stec Stanisław, SLD-UP
  • Szejnfeld Adam, PO

External links:

  • Internet Portal of Piła (http://www.pila.pl)
  • Our city - Piła (http://www.pila.naszemiasto.pl/)
  • Internet info Piła (http://serwispila.webpark.pl/)
  • Powiat of Piła (http://www.powiat.pila.pl/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Neisseria Transcriptional Regulator PilA Has a GTPase Activity -- Arvidson and So 270 (44): 26045 -- Journal of ... (3868 words)
PilA is a unique response regulator in that it is a transcriptional activator in the absence of PilB and a repressor in its presence(11).
PilA was purified as described (12) with the following modification: Cibacron Blue 3GA-Agarose (Sigma) was used as the dye affinity resin, and PilA was batch-eluted from this resin at 0.3 M KCl.
Analysis of the PilA amino acid sequence reveals a segment of 295 amino acids that is similar to the G (GTP-binding) domains of the SRP54 and SRP receptor family of proteins (Fig.
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