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Encyclopedia > Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian, 1924
Piet Mondrian, 1924

Pieter Cornelis (Piet) Mondriaan, after 1912 Mondrian, (pronounced: Dutch IPA: [pi:t 'mɔndria:n], later IPA: [pi:t 'mɔndɹiɔn]), (March 7, 1872February 1, 1944) was a Dutch painter. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ...


He was an important contributor to the De Stijl art movement and group, which was founded by Theo van Doesburg. He evolved a non-representational form which he termed Neo-Plasticism. This consisted of a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the use of the three primary colours.[1] De Stijl redirects here. ... Counter-Composition V (1924) Theo van Doesburg (Utrecht, August 30, 1883 – Davos, March 7, 1931) was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. ... It is generally agreed that people know and understand the world and reality through the act of naming it; thus, through language and representations (Oxford English Dictionary, cited in Vukcevich 2002). ... Dutch De Stijl (pr. ...

Contents

The Netherlands 1872–1912

Mondrian's birthplace in Amersfoort, Netherlands, now a museum.
Mondrian's birthplace in Amersfoort, Netherlands, now a museum.

Mondrian was born in Amersfoort in the Netherlands, the second of his parents' five children (he had an elder sister and four younger brothers).[2] The family moved to Winterswijk when his father, Pieter Cornelius Mondriaan, was appointed head teacher at a local primary school.[3] Mondrian was introduced to art from a very early age: his father was a qualified drawing teacher, and with his uncle, Fritz Mondriaan (a pupil of Willem Maris of The Hague School of artists), the younger Piet often painted and drew along the river Gein.[4] Amersfoort is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. ... Amersfoort is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. ... Winterswijk is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Willem Maris (February 18, 1844, The Hague - October 10, 1910, The Hague) was a Dutch landscape painter. ... The Hague School was the Dutch counterpart to the French Barbizon school of realist painters. ...


After a strictly Protestant upbringing, in 1892, Mondrian entered the Academy for Fine Art in Amsterdam,[5] already qualified as a teacher.[6] For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ...


He began his career as a teacher in primary education, but while teaching he also practiced painting. Most of his work from this period is naturalistic or impressionistic, consisting largely of landscapes. These pastoral images of his native Holland depict windmills, fields, and rivers, initially in the Dutch Impressionist manner of the Hague School and then in a variety of styles and techniques documenting his search for a personal voice. These paintings are most definitely representational, and illustrate the influence that various artistic movements had on Mondrian, including pointillism and the vivid colors of fauvism. The different levels of education in the Netherlands Education in the Netherlands is characterized by division: education is oriented toward the needs and background of the pupil. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... This article is about the art movement. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about machines that convert wind energy into mechanical energy. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... The Hague School was the Dutch counterpart to the French Barbizon school of realist painters. ... Detail from Seurats La Parade (1889), showing the contrasting dots of paint used in pointillism. ... Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse, La Danse (second version), 1909 Hermitage Museum, St. ...


On display in The Hague's Gemeentemuseum are a number of paintings from this period, including such post-impressionist works as The Red Mill and Trees in Moonlight. Another painting, Evening (Avond) (1908), a scene of haystacks in a field at dusk, even augurs future developments by using a palette consisting almost entirely of red, yellow and blue. Although it is in no sense abstract, Avond is the earliest of Mondrian's works to emphasize the primary colors. Hague redirects here. ... The Gemeentemuseum Den Haag is an art museum, located in The Hague, The Netherlands. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the book. ...

Piet Mondrian, View from the Dunes with Beach and Piers, Domburg, oil and pencil on cardboard, 1909, Museum of Modern Art, New York City
Piet Mondrian, View from the Dunes with Beach and Piers, Domburg, oil and pencil on cardboard, 1909, Museum of Modern Art, New York City

The earliest paintings that show an inkling of the abstraction to come are a series of canvases from 1905 to 1908, which depict dim scenes of indistinct trees and houses with reflections in still water that make them appear almost like Rorschach ink blots. However, although the end result leads the viewer to begin emphasizing the forms over the content, these paintings are still firmly rooted in nature, and it is only the knowledge of Mondrian's later achievements that leads one to search for the roots of his future abstraction in these works. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 787 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1644 × 1252 pixel, file size: 318 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)View from the Dunes with Beach and Piers, Domburg, oil and pencil on cardboard painting by Piet Mondrian, 1909, Museum of Modern Art, (New York City... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 787 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1644 × 1252 pixel, file size: 318 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)View from the Dunes with Beach and Piers, Domburg, oil and pencil on cardboard painting by Piet Mondrian, 1909, Museum of Modern Art, (New York City... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... A black outline of the first of the ten cards in the Rorschach inkblot test. ...


Mondrian's art was always intimately related to his spiritual and philosophical studies. In 1908 he became interested in the theosophical movement launched by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky in the late 19th century. Blavatsky believed that it was possible to attain a knowledge of nature more profound than that provided by empirical means, and much of Mondriaan's work for the rest of his life was inspired by his search for that spiritual knowledge. Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London), better known as Helena Blavatsky (Russian: ) or Madame Blavatsky, born Helena von Hahn, was a founder of the Theosophical Society. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A central concept in science and the scientific method is that all evidence must be empirical, or empirically based, that is, dependent on evidence or consequences that are observable by the senses. ...


Mondrian and his later work were deeply influenced by the 1911 Moderne Kunstkring exhibition of Cubism in Amsterdam. His search for simplification is shown in two versions of Still Life with Ginger Pot (Stilleven met Gemberpot). The 1911 version[1] is Cubist, in the 1912 version[2] it is reduced to a round shape with triangles and rectangles. Georges Braque, Woman with a guitar, 1913 Cubism was a 20th century art movement, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Triangle (disambiguation). ... A 5 by 4 rectangle In geometry, a rectangle is defined as a quadrilateral where all four of its angles are right angles. ...


Paris 1912–1914

In 1912, Mondrian moved to Paris and changed his name (dropping an 'a' from Mondriaan) to emphasize his departure from life in the artistic backwater of Holland. From this point on, he signed his work as"Mondrian "[3]. While in Paris, the influence of the style Cubism of Picasso and Braque appeared almost immediately in Mondrian's work. Paintings such as The Sea (1912) and his various studies of trees from that year still contain a measure of representation, but they are increasingly dominated by the geometric shapes and interlocking planes commonly found in Cubism. However, while Mondrian was eager to absorb the Cubist influence into his work, it seems clear that he saw Cubism as port of call on his artistic journey, rather than as a destination. This article is about the capital of France. ... A young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art. ... ] Categories: People stubs | Modern artists | French painters | French sculptors | 1882 births | 1963 deaths | Cubism ... Georges Braque, Woman with a guitar, 1913 Cubism was a 20th century art movement, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ...


The Netherlands 1914–1919

Unlike the Cubists, Mondrian was still attempting to reconcile his painting with his spiritual pursuits, and in 1913, he began to fuse his art and his theosophical studies into a theory that signaled his final break from representational painting. World War I began while Mondrian was visiting home in 1914, and he was forced to remain in the Netherlands for the duration of the conflict. During this period, he stayed at the Laren artist's colony, there meeting Bart van der Leck and Theo van Doesburg, both artists who were undergoing their own personal journeys toward abstraction at the time. Van der Leck's use of only primary colors in his art greatly influenced Mondrian. With Van Doesburg, Mondrian founded De Stijl (The Style), a journal of De Stijl group in which he published his first essays defining his theory, for which he adopted the term neoplasticism. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Bart van der Leck was one of the original founders of De Stijl (The Style), together with Piet Mondriaan and Theo van Doesburg. ... Counter-Composition V (1924) Theo van Doesburg (Utrecht, August 30, 1883 – Davos, March 7, 1931) was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Dutch De Stijl (pr. ...


Mondrian published “De Nieuwe Beelding in de Schilderkunst” (“The New Plastic in Painting”) in twelve installments during 1917 and 1918. This was his first major attempt to express his artistic theory in writing. However, Mondrian's best and most often-quoted expression of this theory comes from a letter he wrote to H.P. Bremmer in 1914: 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

I construct lines and color combinations on a flat surface, in order to express general beauty with the utmost awareness. Nature (or, that which I see) inspires me, puts me, as with any painter, in an emotional state so that an urge comes about to make something, but I want to come as close as possible to the truth and abstract everything from that, until I reach the foundation (still just an external foundation!) of things…

I believe it is possible that, through horizontal and vertical lines constructed with awareness, but not with calculation, led by high intuition, and brought to harmony and rhythm, these basic forms of beauty, supplemented if necessary by other direct lines or curves, can become a work of art, as strong as it is true.

Paris 1919–1938

Piet Mondrian, Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red, 1921, oil on canvas, 72.5 x 69 cm, Tate Gallery. London.
Piet Mondrian, Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red, 1921, oil on canvas, 72.5 x 69 cm, Tate Gallery. London.

When the war ended in 1919, Mondrian returned to France, where he would remain until 1938. Immersed in the crucible of artistic innovation that was post-war Paris, he flourished in an atmosphere of intellectual freedom that enabled him to embrace an art of pure abstraction for the rest of his life. Mondrian began producing grid-based paintings in late 1919, and in 1920, the style for which he came to be renowned began to appear. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (772x814, 63 KB)Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (772x814, 63 KB)Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. ... The Tate Gallery in the United Kingdom is a network of four galleries: Tate Britain (opened 1897), Tate Liverpool (1988), Tate St Ives (1993), Tate Modern (2000), with a complementary website Tate Online (1998). ...


In the early paintings of this style the lines delineating the rectangular forms are relatively thin, and they are gray, not black. The lines also tend to fade as they approach the edge of the painting, rather than stopping abruptly. The forms themselves, smaller and more numerous than in later paintings, are filled with primary colors, black, or gray, and nearly all of them are colored; only a few are left white.


During late 1920 and 1921, Mondrian's paintings arrive at what are their definitive and mature form to casual observers. Thick black lines now separate the forms, which are larger and fewer in number, and more of them are left white than was previously the case. This was not the culmination of his artistic evolution, however. Although the refinements became more subtle, Mondrian's work continued to evolve during his years in Paris.


In the 1921 paintings, many of the black lines (but not all of them) stop short at a seemingly arbitrary distance from the edge of the canvas, although the divisions between the rectangular forms remain intact. Here too, the rectangular forms are still mostly colored. As the years passed and Mondrian's work evolved further, he began extending all of the lines to the edges of the canvas, and he also began to use fewer and fewer colored forms, favoring white instead.


These tendencies are particularly obvious in the “lozenge” works that Mondrian began producing with regularity in the mid-1920s. The "lozenge" paintings are square canvases tilted 45 degrees, so that they hang in a diamond shape. Typical of these is Schilderij No. 1: Lozenge With Two Lines and Blue (1926), also known as Composition With Blue and Composition in White and Blue, which is currently on display at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. One of the most minimal of Mondrian's canvases, this painting consists only of two black, perpendicular lines and a small triangular form, colored blue. The lines extend all the way to the edges of the canvas, almost giving the impression that the painting is a fragment of a larger work. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ...


Although one is hampered by the glass protecting the painting, and by the toll that age and handling have obviously taken on the canvas, a close examination of this painting begins to reveal something of the artist's method.[original research?] Mondrian's paintings are not composed of perfectly flat planes of color, as one might expect. Brush strokes are evident throughout, although they are subtle, and the artist appears to have used different techniques for the various elements.


The black lines are the flattest elements, with the least amount of depth. The colored forms have the most obvious brush strokes, all running in one direction. Most interesting, however, are the white forms, which clearly have been painted in layers, using brush strokes running in different directions. This generates a greater sense of depth in the white forms, as though they are overwhelming the lines and the colors, which indeed they were, as Mondrian's paintings of this period came to be increasingly dominated by white space.


Schilderij No. 1 may be the most extreme extent of Mondrian's minimalism. As the years progressed, lines began to take precedence over forms in his painting. In the 1930s, he began to use thinner lines and double lines more frequently, punctuated with a few small colored forms, if any at all. Double lines particularly excited Mondrian, for he believed they offered his paintings a new dynamism which he was eager to explore. The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ...


London and New York 1938–1944

Piet Mondrian, Composition 10, 1939-1942, Private collection.
Piet Mondrian, Composition 10, 1939-1942, Private collection.

In September 1938, Mondrian left Paris in the face of advancing fascism and moved to London. After the Netherlands were invaded and Paris fell in 1940, he left London for New York City, where he would remain until his death. Some of Mondrian's later works are difficult to place in terms of his artistic development, because there were quite a few canvases that he began in Paris or London which he only completed months or years later in New York. However, the finished works from this later period demonstrate an unprecedented busy-ness, with more lines than any of his work since the 1920s, placed in an overlapping arrangement that is almost cartographical in appearance. He spent many long hours painting on his own until his hands blistered and he sometimes cried or made himself sick. Download high resolution version (882x968, 82 KB) 1939-42. ... Download high resolution version (882x968, 82 KB) 1939-42. ... Fascism is a term used to describe authoritarian nationalist political ideologies or mass movements that are concerned with notions of cultural decline or decadence. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Mondrian produced Lozenge Composition With Four Yellow Lines (1933), a simple painting that introduced what for him was a shocking innovation: thick, colored lines instead of black ones. After that one painting, this practice remained dormant in Mondrian's work until he arrived in New York, at which time he began to embrace it with abandon. In some examples of this new direction, such as Composition (1938) / Place de la Concorde (1943), he appears to have taken unfinished black-line paintings from Paris and completed them in New York by adding short perpendicular lines of different colors, running between the longer black lines, or from a black line to the edge of the canvas. The newly-colored areas are thick, almost bridging the gap between lines and forms, and it is startling to see color in a Mondrian painting that is unbounded by black. Other works mix long lines of red amidst the familiar black lines, creating a new sense of depth by the addition of a colored layer on top of the black one.


The new canvases that Mondrian began in New York are even more startling, and indicate the beginning of a new idiom that was cut short by the artist's death. New York City (1942) is a complex lattice of red, blue, and yellow lines, occasionally interlacing to create a greater sense of depth than his previous works. An unfinished 1941 version of this work uses strips of painted paper tape, which the artist could rearrange at will to experiment with different designs.


His painting Broadway Boogie-Woogie (1942–43) at The Museum of Modern Art in New York City was highly influential in the school of abstract geometric painting. The piece is made up of a number of shimmering squares of bright color that leap from the canvas, then appear to shimmer, drawing you into those neon lights. In this painting and the unfinished Victory Boogie Woogie (1942-44), Mondrian replaced former solid lines with lines created from small adjoining rectangles of color, created in part by using small pieces of paper tape in various colors. Larger unbounded rectangles of color punctuate the design, some with smaller concentric rectangles inside them. While Mondrian's works of the 1920s and 1930s tend to have an almost scientific austerity about them, these are bright, lively paintings, reflecting the upbeat music that inspired them and the city in which they were made. The rectilinear pattern of Broadway Boogie_Woogie evokes the streets of New York City Broadway Boogie_Woogie is a painting by Piet Mondrian completed in 1943, shortly after he moved to New York in 1940. ... General Electric GE90-115B fanblade, on display at MOMA. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ... Suprematist painting by Kazimir Malevich Geometric abstract art is a form of abstract art based on the use of simple geometric forms placed in nonillusionistic space and combined into nonobjective compositions. ... Victory Boogie-Woogie Victory Boogie-Woogie is the last, unfinished, work by the Dutch abstract painter Piet Mondrian. ...


Mondrian wrote, on a postcard to art historian James Johnson Sweeney, planner of a retrospective exhibition of the artist's works at The Museum of Modern Art in New York: "Only now [in 1943], I become conscious that my work in black, white, and little color planes has been merely 'drawing' in oil color. In drawing, the lines are the principal means of expression; in painting, the color planes. In painting, however, the lines are absorbed by the color planes; but the limitation of the planes show themselves as lines and conserve their great value." In these final works, the forms have indeed usurped the role of the lines, opening another new door for Mondrian's development as an abstractionist. The Boogie-Woogie paintings were clearly more of a revolutionary change than an evolutionary one, representing the most profound development in Mondrian's work since his abandonment of representational art in 1913.


The Wall Works

When 47-year-old Piet Mondrian left this artistically conservative native Holland for unfettered Paris for the second and last time in 1919, he set about at once to make his studio a nurturing environment for paintings he had in mind that would increasingly express the principles of Neo-Plasticism about which he had been writing for two years. To hide the studio's structural flaws quickly and inexpensively, he tacked up large rectangular placards, each in a single color or neutral hue. Smaller colored paper squares and rectangles, composed together, accented the walls. Then came an intense period of painting. Then again he addressed the walls, repositioning the colored cutouts, adding to their number, altering the dynamics of color and space, producing new tensions and equilibrium. Before long, he had established a creative schedule in which a period of painting took turns with a period of experimentally regrouping the smaller papers on the walls, a process that directly fed the next period of painting. It was a pattern he followed for the rest of his life, through wartime moves from Paris to London’s Hampstead in 1938 and 1940, across the Atlantic to Manhattan. Dutch De Stijl (pr. ...


At 71 in the fall of 1943, Mondrian moved into his second and final New York studio at 15 East 59th Street, and set about again to create the environment he had learned over the years was most congenial to his modest way of life and most stimulating to his art. He painted the high walls the same off-white he used on his easel and on the seats, tables and storage cases he designed and fashioned meticulously from discarded orange and apple-crates. He glossed the top of a white metal stool in the same brilliant primary red he applied to the cardboard sheath he made for the radio-phonograph that spilled forth his beloved jazz from well-traveled records, Visitors to this last studio seldom saw more than one or two new canvases but found, often to their astonishment, that eight large compositions of colored bits of paper he had tacked and re-tacked to the walls in ever-changing relationships constituted together an environment that, paradoxically and simultaneously, was both kinetic and serene, stimulating and restful. It was the best space, Mondrian said, that he had ever inhabited. Tragically, he was there for only a few months: he died of pneumonia in February 1944.


After his death, Mondrian’s friend and sponsor in New York, artist Harry Holtzman, and another painter friend, Fritz Glarner, carefully documented the studio on film and in still photographs before opening it to the public for a six-week exhibition. Before dismantling the studio, Holtzman (who was also Mondrian’s heir) traced the wall compositions precisely, prepared exact portable facsimiles of the space each had occupied, and affixed to each the original surviving cut-out components. These portable Mondrian compositions have become known as "The Wall Works." They have been exhibited twice since Mondrian’s death at New York’s Museum of Modern Art (1983/1995-96), once in Soho at The Carpenter + Hochman Gallery (1984), once each at Galerie Tokoro in Tokyo, Japan. (1993), the XXII Biennial of Sao Paulo (1994), The University of Michigan (1995) and, the first time to be shown in Europe, at the Akademie der Künste (Academy of The Arts), in Berlin (February 22-April 22, 2007). This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... University of Michigan, Ann Arbor The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U-M or U of M) is a public coeducational university in Michigan, United States. ... Akademie der Künste at Pariser Platz, Berlin The Akademie der Künste (Academy of the Arts) in Berlin was founded in 1696 by Kurfürst (Elector) Friedrich III. of Brandenburg as an educational establishment. ...


Death

Piet Mondrian died of pneumonia on February 1, 1944 and was interred in the Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. This article is about human pneumonia. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cypress Hills Cemetery, the first nonsectarian cemetery corporation organized in the Brooklyn/Queens area of New York, is located at 833 Jamaica Avenue in Brooklyn, New York. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ...


On 3 February 1944, a memorial, attended by nearly 200, was held for Mondrian, at the Universal Chapel on Lexington Ave and 52nd St. in New York City. is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Alexander Porfiryevich Archipenko (1887 - 1964) was a U.S. (Russian-born) sculptor. ... Herbert Bayers 1925 experimental universal typeface combined upper and lowercase characters into a single character set. ... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Marcel Duchamp (pronounced ) (July 28, 1887 – October 2, 1968) was a French artist (he became an American citizen in 1955) whose work and ideas had considerable influence on the development of post-World War II Western art, and whose advice to modern art collectors helped shape the tastes of the... Max Ernst (2 April 1891 - 1 April 1976) was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet, considered one of the chief representatives of Dadaism and Surrealism. ... Jean Hélion (April 21, 1904 – October 27, 1987) was a French modernist painter. ... Frederick Kiesler (Born 1890 Vienna- 1965 New York) was an architect and artist. ... Moise Kisling (January 22, 1891 - April 29, 1953) was a Polish painter. ... Still Life with a Beer Mug, 1921. ... Matta may refer to: A city in Swat, NWFP Pakistan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Guitar and Bottles (Guitare et bouteilles), 1920. ... Hans Richter was a Dadaist artist, filmmaker and writer. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Ilya Bolotowsky (1907-1981) Born in St. ... For other persons named Alexander Calder, see Alexander Calder (disambiguation). ... Burgoyne Diller (1906 - 1965) was an American abstract painter. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Ibram Lassaw is an Egyptian-American sculptor, known for nonobjective construction in brazed metals. ... Robert Motherwell, 1971 Robert Motherwell (January 24, 1915 – July 16, 1991) was an American abstract expressionist painter and printmaker. ... The Charles Shaw winery in the United States is known for its extreme value wines produced in California. ... Charmion Von Wiegand (1896 - 1983) was an American journalist, and art critic best known as an abstract painter. ... Abraham Walkowitz (March 28, 1878 - January 27, 1965) was an American painter grouped in with the Early American Moderns working in the Modernist style. ... Katherine Dreier. ... Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin (January 29, 1761 – August 12, 1849) was a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, politician, diplomat, Congressman, and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. ... Author of SPACE, TIME & ARCHITECTURE, 1941 ... Clement Greenberg (January 16, 1909 - May 7, 1994) was an influential American art critic closely associated with the abstract art movement in the United States. ... Peggy Guggenheim (August 26, 1898 – December 23, 1979) was an American art collector. ... Henry McBride (1867 – 1962) was an American art critic. ... Dwight Macdonald (1906-1982) was an American writer, social critic, philosopher, and political radical. ... Hildegard Anna Augusta Elizabeth Freiin Rebay von Ehrenwiesen, Baroness Hilla von Rebay, or simply Hilla Rebay, was one of the few female abstract painters in the beginning of the 20th century. ... Meyer Schapiro was a 20th century art historian. ...

Trivia

A 17-story condominium was launched in Singapore in April 2007 with the name "Parc Mondrian". On April 24, 2007, the Singaporean newspaper "The Business Times" explained that "the architecture is inspired by the cubist paintings of Piet Mondrian, based on lines and planes."


Along with Klee and Kandinsky, Mondrian was one of the largest inspirations to the early pointillistic musical aesthetic of serialist composer Pierre Boulez.[7] For other uses of serial or serialism, see Serial (disambiguation). ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlɛz/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ...


Piet is an esoteric programming language named after Piet Mondrian. A Hello World program in Piet. ...


The name "Piet Mondrian" is a fitting anagram of "I paint modern".


In May 2008, Nike SB released a shoe inspired by Piet Mondrian. The Nike SB logo, back in its earliest days its products still carried the classic Nike logo (without the SB at the right-bottem corner). ...


Selected works

  • Molen Mill; Mill in Sunlight (1908) External link.
  • Avond Evening; Red Tree (1908) External link.
  • Chrysanthemum (1908) External link.
  • Windmill by the Water (1908)
  • Landscape (1909)
  • The Red Tree (1909-10)
  • Amaryllis (1910)
  • Evolution (1910-11)
  • The Red Mill (1910-11) External link.
  • Gray Tree (1911)
  • Horizontal Tree (1911)
  • Still Life with Ginger Pot I (Cubist) (1911) Guggenheim Collection.
  • Still Life with Ginger Pot II (Simplified) (1912) Guggenheim Collection.
  • Apple Tree in Bloom (1912)
  • Trees (1912-1913)
  • Scaffoldings (1912-1914)
  • Composition No. II; Composition in Line and Color (1913)
  • Ocean 5 (1915)
  • Composition III with Color Planes (1917)
  • Composition with Color Planes and Gray Lines 1 (1918)
  • Composition with Gray and Light Brown (1918)
  • Composition with Grid VII (1919)
  • Composition: Checkerboard, Dark Colors (1919)
  • Composition A: Composition with Black, Red, Gray, Yellow, and Blue (1920)
  • Composition with Black, Red, Gray, Yellow, and Blue (1920) External link.
  • Tableau I (1921)
  • Lozenge Composition with Yellow, Black, Blue, Red, and Gray (1921)
  • Composition with Large Blue Plane, Red, Black, Yellow, and Gray (1921)
  • Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue (1921)
  • Composition with Blue, Yellow, Black, and Red (1922)
  • Composition #2 (1922)
  • Composition with Yellow, Black, Blue and Grey (1923) Berardo Collection.
  • Lozenge Composition with Red, Black, Blue, and Yellow (1925)
  • Lozenge Composition with Red, Gray, Blue, Yellow, and Black (1925) External link.
  • Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue (1927)
  • Fox Trot; Lozenge Composition with Three Black Lines (1929)
  • Composition with Yellow Patch (1930)
  • Composition with Yellow (1930)
  • Composition with Blue and Yellow (1932)
  • Composition No. III Blanc-Jaune (1935-42)
  • Rhythm of Straight Lines (1935-42) Harvard University.
  • Rhythm of Black Lines painting) (1935-42)
  • Composition blanc, rouge et jaune or Composition in White, Black and Red (1936)
  • Vertical Composition with Blue and White (1936)
  • Abstraction (1937-42)
  • Composition No. 8 (1939-42)
  • Painting #9 (1939-42)
  • Composition No. 10 (1939-1942)
  • New York City I (1942)
  • Broadway Boogie-Woogie (1942-43) Museum of Modern Art.
  • Place de la Concorde (1943)
  • Victory Boogie-Woogie (1943-44) Gemeentemuseum Den Haag.

Gray Tree. ... Tableau I is a 1921 painting by Piet Mondrian. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (772x814, 63 KB)Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. ... Download high resolution version (882x968, 82 KB) 1939-42. ... The rectilinear pattern of Broadway Boogie_Woogie evokes the streets of New York City Broadway Boogie_Woogie is a painting by Piet Mondrian completed in 1943, shortly after he moved to New York in 1940. ... Victory Boogie-Woogie is the last, unfinished, work by the Dutch abstract painter Piet Mondrian. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Piet Mondrian", Tate gallery, published in Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.532-3. Retrieved 18 December 2007.
  2. ^ Deicher (1995), p. 93
  3. ^ Milner (1992), p. 9
  4. ^ Milner (1995), pp. 9-10
  5. ^ Deicher (1995), pp. 7-8
  6. ^ Milner (1992), p. 9
  7. ^ Peter F. Stacy (1987). Boulez and the Modern Concept. Scholar Press. ISBN 0803241836. 

This article is about the UK art galleries. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

References

  • Milner, John (1992). Mondrian, Phaidon. ISBN 0714826596
  • Hans Locher: Piet Mondrian. Colour, Structure, and Symbolism. Bern-Berlin: Verlag Gachnang & Springer, 1994. ISBN 978-3-906127-44-6
  • Deicher, Susanne (1995). Mondrian, Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-8885-0.
  • Faerna, José María, ed. (1995). Mondrian: Great Modern Masters, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
  • Mondrian, Piet, Harry Holtzman, ed., and Martin S. James, ed. (1993). The New Art – The New Life: The Collected Writings of Piet Mondrian, New York: Da Capo Press
  • Schapiro, Meyer (1995). Mondrian: On the Humanity of Abstract Painting, New York: George Braziller
  • Joosten, Joop J. and Welsh, Robert P. (1998). Piet Mondrian: Catalogue Raisonné New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
  • Bax, Marty (2001). Complete Mondrian, Hampshire: Lund Humphries

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

External links

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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Hepworths Family of Man in bronze, 1970, at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park. ... Sir Herbert Edward Read, MC, DSO (1893–1968) was an English anarchist poet, and critic of literature and art. ... Benjamin Lauder Nicholson OM, (10 April 1894 – 6 February 1982), known as Ben Nicholson, was an English abstract painter Born at Denham, Buckinghamshire, Nicholson was the son of the painter Sir William Nicholson and the brother of Nancy Nicholson. ... Naum Gabo KBE (August 5, 1890 - August 23, 1977) was a prominent Russian sculptor in the Constructivism movement and a pioneer of Kinetic Art. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Piet Mondrian biography (1788 words)
In 1909 Piet Mondrian joined a theosophical society, which not only meant a definitive break with the orthodox Christian believe-system of his parents, but also became the foundation of his thinking and the intellectual side of his art.
Piet Mondrian had returned to Holland to visit his father who was mortally ill. Trapped in Holland, Piet Mondrian would not see Paris for four years because of the war, his equipment and paintings still in Paris.
Mondrian was, not commercially or socially, but artistically ambitious.
Piet Mondriaan (0 words)
Unlike the cubists, Mondrian was still attempting to reconcile his painting with his spiritual pursuits, and in 1913, he began to fuse his art and his theosophical studies inta theory that signaled his final break from representational painting.
Mondrian began producing grid-based paintings in late 1919, and in 1920, the style for which he came to be renowned began to appear.
Piet Mondrian died in New York City in 1944, of pneumonia at the age of 71, and was interred in the Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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