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Encyclopedia > Pierre Salinger
Pierre Salinger.
Pierre Salinger.

Pierre Emil George Salinger (June 14, 1925October 16, 2004) was a White House Press Secretary to U.S. Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He later became known for his work as an ABC News correspondent, and in particular for his stories on the American hostage crisis in Iran, the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie Scotland, and his claims as to cause of the explosion of TWA flight 800. See http://bioguide. ... See http://bioguide. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The White House Press Secretary is a senior White House official with a rank one step below Presidential Cabinet level. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), also referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, John Kennedy or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969). ... ABC News logo ABC News is a division of ABC television and radio networks (ABC), owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... A blindfolded American hostage is paraded by members of the radical Muslim Student Followers of the Imams Line. ... Pan Am Flight 103 was Pan American World Airways third daily scheduled transatlantic flight from Londons Heathrow International Airport to New Yorks John F. Kennedy International Airport. ... TWA Flight 800 (TW800, TWA800) was a TWA passenger flight that disintegrated while flying from John F. Kennedy International Airport (New York) to Charles de Gaulle International Airport (Paris) in July of 1996, killing all 230 aboard. ...


Salinger served briefly as a Democratic United States Senator in 1964 and was campaign manager for Robert F. Kennedy's 1968 presidential campaign. The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... In United States and other democracies, political campaigns larger than a few individuals generally include a campaign manager whose role is to coordinate the campaigns operations. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ...

Contents

Early life

Salinger was born in San Francisco, California, his father a German Jewish mining engineer and his mother a French Catholic journalist whose father was a member of the French National Assembly. After serving with the United States Navy during World War II, Salinger graduated from the University of San Francisco and worked as a reporter for The San Francisco Chronicle and as a contributing Editor to Collier's in the 1940s and 1950s. When John F. Kennedy became President of the United States, he hired Salinger as his press secretary. Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... This article concerns the modern National Assembly. ... USN redirects here. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The University of San Francisco (often abbreviated USF, or sometimes USFCA) is a private, coeducational Jesuit university in the United States. ... The San Francisco Chronicle, the self-described Voice of the West, is Northern Californias largest newspaper. ... Colliers Weekly was a United States magazine that was published between 1888 and 1957. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), also referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, John Kennedy or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ...


A career in broadcast journalism

Following his service in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, Salinger was appointed as a Democratic United States Senator from California to fill the vacancy resulting from the July 30, 1964 death of Senator Clair Engle, taking office on August 4, 1964. In his bid for a full six-year term in the 1964 election, he was defeated by George Murphy following a campaign in which Salinger's recent move to California, following many years living elsewhere, became an issue. He resigned from the Senate on December 31, 1964, only three days before his term was to expire. Senator-elect Murphy, who was to take office on January 3, 1965, was appointed to fill the remaining two days of Salinger's term, giving Murphy a slight advantage in seniority in the Senate over other members of the "class of 1964" at a time when seniority was even more vital in Senate affairs than it is currently. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Clair Engle (September 21, 1911–July 30, 1964) was an American politician. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... George Murphy George Lloyd Murphy (July 4, 1902 – May 3, 1992) was an American dancer, actor and politician. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


Salinger worked on Robert F. Kennedy's 1968 presidential campaign and was reportedly devastated by RFK's assassination. He moved to France and returned to journalism as a correspondent for L'Express. Assassin and Targeted killing redirect here. ... Journalism is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting news regarding current events, trends, issues and people. ... LExpress is Frances first weekly news magazine. ...


ABC

In 1978, he was hired by ABC News as its Paris bureau chief. He became the network's chief European correspondent based in London in 1983. ABC News logo ABC News is a division of ABC television and radio networks (ABC), owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of the United Kingdom and the largest city of England (strangely, England has no constitutional existence within the United Kingdom, and therefore cannot be said to have a capital). ...


In 1981, he was bestowed with a George Polk award for his scoop that the US government was secretly negotiating to free the Americans held hostage by Iran.[1] The George Polk Awards is an American journalism award. ...


In 1991, two Libyans were indicted over the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988, but Salinger believed Libya had been set up. In a 1989 ABC Prime Time Live Special, he named the so-called "Kenyan Three" as the masterminds of the bombing. The program won an Emmy Award. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pan Am Flight 103 was Pan American World Airways third daily scheduled transatlantic flight from Londons Heathrow International Airport to New Yorks John F. Kennedy International Airport. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PrimeTime is a television newsmagazine from ABC News. ... An Emmy Award. ...


After the August 1990 invasion of Kuwait by Iraq, ABC started work on a special program about the invasion and sent Salinger to the Middle East, where he obtained a transcript in Arabic of a conversation between Saddam Hussein and U.S. Ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie, in which Glaspie famously told Saddam: "We have no opinion on Arab-Arab border disputes," controversially interpreted by some as giving Saddam the green light to invade Kuwait, which he did days later. Salinger brought the transcript back to London, ordering a London-based Arab journalist and an ABC researcher to sit through the night translating it into passable English. ABC, which had paid for Salinger's trip, wasn't sure whether to air the transcript immediately on World News Tonight or hold it back for a few days for their invasion special. Salinger was furious at the suggestion of delay and leaked the transcript to Hella Pick of the British newspaper, The Guardian, thereby ensuring that ABC would have to run with it that day. [2] See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majidida al-Tikriti (Arabic: ‎ [1]; born April 28, 1937[2]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979 until April 9, 2003, when he was deposed during the United States-led 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ... April Catherine Glaspie (born April 26, 1942), American diplomat, is best-known for her role in the events leading up to the Gulf War of 1991. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب) are a heterogeneous ethnic group who are predominantly speakers of the Arabic language, mainly found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...


Life after ABC

After leaving ABC, Salinger moved back to Washington, D.C. and became an executive with the Burson Marsteller public relations firm before returning to France in 2000. Until the late 80s, Salinger had been a popular TV pundit in France, and was a frequent guest on French news and public affairs shows when someone was needed to explain or interpret American events for French viewers. Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Salinger later became known for his claims in November 1996 that friendly fire from the United States Navy was the cause of the TWA Flight 800 crash, based on what was later explained to him as being part of a widespread Internet hoax. Salinger's fervent initial belief in this information has led to the coining of a new term, which refers to the belief in the veracity of all information found on the Internet: "Pierre Salinger Syndrome".[3] Friendly fire (fratricide or non-hostile fire) is a term originally adopted by the United States military in reference to an attack on friendly forces by other friendly forces,[1] which may be deliberate (e. ... USN redirects here. ... TWA Flight 800 (TW800, TWA800) was a TWA passenger flight that disintegrated while flying from John F. Kennedy International Airport (New York) to Charles de Gaulle International Airport (Paris) in July of 1996, killing all 230 aboard. ... A hoax is an attempt to trick an audience into believing that something false is real. ...


In November 2000, he became exasperated when he was denied permission to give exonerating evidence as part of his testimony before the Scottish Court in the Netherlands to try two Libyans for the downing on December 21, 1988 of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Salinger stated that he knew who the real bombers were, but was told by trial judge, Lord Sutherland: "If you wish to make a point you may do so elsewhere, but I'm afraid you may not do so in this court."[4] The Scottish Court in the Netherlands is the name given to the special court set up under Scots Law to try two Libyan agents charged with planting a bomb on Pan Am Flight 103 which exploded over the town of Lockerbie in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pan Am Flight 103 was Pan American World Airways third daily scheduled transatlantic flight from Londons Heathrow International Airport to New Yorks John F. Kennedy International Airport. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ...


He later made a permanent move to France, making good on his promise that, "If Bush wins, I'm going to leave the country and spend the rest of my life in France." George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Salinger died in October 2004 of heart failure near his home in Le Thor, France, at the age of 79. He is buried in the Arlington National Cemetery across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. Le Thor (properly capitalized: le Thor) is a small town of Provence, in the Vaucluse département, with an attractive Gothic church. ... [[ Historical Information Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 Facts Pvt. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


Bibliography

  • With Kennedy
  • America Held Hostage
  • Secret Dossier: The Hidden Agenda Behind the Gulf War
  • Je Suis un Americain
  • La France et le Nouveau Monde
  • P.S.: A Memoir, 1995

References

  • NY Times obituary
  • Guardian obituary
  • CNN on Salinger and TWA
Preceded by:
James C. Hagerty
White House Press Secretary
1961 – 1964
Succeeded by:
George Reedy
Preceded by:
Clair Engle
United States Senator (Class 1) from California
1964
Served alongside: Thomas H. Kuchel
Succeeded by:
George L. Murphy

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pierre Salinger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (831 words)
Salinger was born in San Francisco, California, his father a German Jewish mining engineer and his mother a French journalist whose father was a member of the French National Assembly.
Salinger was furious at the suggestion of delay and leaked the transcript to Hella Pick of the British newspaper, The Guardian, thereby ensuring that ABC would have to run with it that day.
Salinger later became known for his claims in November 1996 that friendly fire from the United States Navy was the cause of the TWA Flight 800 crash, based on what was later seen as an Internet hoax.
Pierre Salinger syndrome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (297 words)
It is named for Pierre Salinger who was the White House press secretary under President John F. Kennedy and an ABC News journalist from 1978 to 1993.
On November 8 of that year, Salinger announced he had a government document given to him by a French intelligence source stating that friendly fire from the US Navy had been the cause of the crash.
Because Pierre Salinger zealously believed his information was accurate, but was unwilling to publicly expose his sources, some people charged that he believed it was true simply because it was posted on the Internet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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