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Encyclopedia > Pierre Monteux

Pierre Monteux (April 4, 1875July 1, 1964) was an orchestra conductor. Born in Paris, France[1], Monteux later became an American citizen. April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


Life and Career

Monteux studied violin from an early age, entering the Paris Conservatoire at the age of nine. He became a proficient violinist, good enough to share the Conservatoire's violin prize in 1896 with Jacques Thibaud. In his spare time he also played at the Folies Bergères[2]. He later took up the viola and played in the Geloso Quartet (who played one of Brahms's string quartets in a private performance for the composer [3] and in the orchestra of the Opéra-Comique, leading the viola section in the première of Debussy's opera, Pelléas et Mélisande in 1902. This does not cite its references or sources. ... Conservatoire de Paris, or Paris Conservatoire, has been central to the evolution of music in France and Western Europe. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jacques Thibaud (September 27, 1880 - September 1, 1953) was a French violinist. ... Costume, c. ... The viola (in French, alto; in German Bratsche) is a string instrument played with a bow which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the violin and the lower lines played by the cello and double bass. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Opéra comique is a French style of opera that is a partial counterpart to the Italian opera buffa. ... Achille-Claude Debussy (IPA ) (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918) was a French composer. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan. ... Pelléas et Mélisande (Pelléas and Mélisande) is an opera in five acts by Claude Debussy to a French libretto by Maurice Maeterlinck that almost exactly follows his famous symbolist play Pelléas et Mélisande. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

In 1911, with a little conducting experience in Dieppe behind him, Monteux became conductor of Sergei Diaghilev's ballet company, the Ballets Russes. In this capacity he conducted the premières of Stravinsky's Petrushka (1911) and The Rite of Spring (1913, with its famous riot) as well as Debussy's Jeux and Ravel's Daphnis et Chloé. This established the course of his career, and for the rest of his life he was noted particularly for his interpretations of Russian and French music. 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Dieppe is a town and commune in the Seine-Maritime département of Haute-Normandie (eastern Normandy), France. ... Diaghilev in 1909, by Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Russian: Sergej Pavlovič Dâgilev), also referred to as Serge, (March 31, 1872 – August 19, 1929) was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Act 4 of Swan Lake: choreography by Petipa and Nureyev, music by Tchaikovsky. ... Léon Bakst: Firebird, Ballerina, 1910 The Ballets Russes was a ballet company established in 1909 by the Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev and resident first in Paris and then in Monte Carlo. ... Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (Russian: Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский, Igor Fëdorovič Stravinskij) (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a Russian composer who first achieved international fame with three ballets commissioned by the impresario Serge Diaghilev and performed by Diaghilevs Ballets Russes (Russian Ballet): LOiseau de feu (The Firebird) (1910), Petrushka (1911... Pétrouchka (English: Petrushka; Russian: петрушка) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The Rite of Spring (French: Le Sacre du printemps; Russian: Весна священная, Vesna svjaščennaja) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Jeux (Games), described as a poème dansé (literally a danced poem), is the last work for orchestra written by Claude Debussy. ... Joseph-Maurice Ravel (March 7, 1875 – December 28, 1937) was a French 20th century composer and pianist, known especially for the subtlety, richness and poignancy of his music. ... Image:Bakst-decorations. ...

With the outbreak of World War I, Monteux was called up for military service, but was discharged in 1916[4], and travelled to the United States. There he took charge of the French repertoire at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City from 1917 to 1919. He also conducted the American première of Rimsky-Korsakov's opera The Golden Cockerel at the Metropolitan Opera[5]. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, seen from Lincoln Center Plaza A full house at the old Metropolitan Opera House, seen from the rear of the stage, at the Metropolitan Opera House for a concert by pianist Józef Hofmann, November 28, 1937. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: , Nikolaj Andreevič Rimskij-Korsakov), also Nikolay, Nicolai, and Rimsky-Korsakoff, (March 6 (O.S. March 18), 1844 – June 8 (O.S. June 21) 1908) was a Russian composer, one of five Russian composers known as The Five, and was later a teacher of harmony and... The Golden Cockerel (Золотой Петушок in Russian, Zolotoy Petushok in transliteration) is an 1834 poem by Alexander Pushkin and an opera in three acts by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov to a Russian libretto by Vladimir Ivanovich Belsky based on that poem. ...

He then moved to the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1919-24). He had a major effect on the Boston ensemble's sound, and was able to fashion the orchestra as he pleased after a strike led to thirty of its members leaving. He also introduced a number of new works in Boston, notably works by French composers.[6] The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds most renowned orchestras. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

In 1924, Monteux began an association with the Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam, working alongside Willem Mengelberg. In 1929, he founded the Orchestre Symphonique de Paris, which he conducted until 1935. In the year the orchestra was founded, he led it in the world première of Prokofiev's third symphony. 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest in Dutch) is the best known and most respected orchestra in the Netherlands, and is generally considered to be among the worlds finest. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 741,329 (1 August 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ... Willem Mengelberg (March 28, 1871 – March 22, 1951) was a Dutch conductor who was the principal conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra from 1895 to 1945. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , Sergej Sergejevič Prokof’ev; 15/April 271, 1891–March 5, 1953) was a Russian composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ... Sergei Prokofiev wrote his Symphony No. ...

Monteux then returned to the United States, and worked with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra from 1935 to 1952. In 1943, he founded a conducting school, The Pierre Monteux School for Conductors and Orchestra Musicians, in Hancock, Maine, the childhood home of his wife, Doris Hodgkins Monteux, where Monteux was now living. There he taught such future luminaries as André Previn, Neville Marriner, and David Zinman. In 1946, he became a United States citizen. The San Francisco Symphony is a major orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Pierre Monteux School for conductors and orchestra musicians, founded by the famous conductor Pierre Monteux, is a 6-week summer orchestra program located in Hancock, Maine. ... Hancock is a town located in Hancock County, Maine. ... André Previn (born April 6, 1929)¹ is a prominent pianist, orchestral conductor, and composer. ... Sir Neville Marriner (born April 15, 1924) is a conductor and violinist. ... David Zinman (born New York, 10 July 1936) is an American conductor. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

From 1961 to 1964 he was principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra. He died in Hancock in 1964. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... It has been suggested that London (orchestra) be merged into this article or section. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...

Pierre Monteux was the father of the flautist and conductor Claude Monteux. A flautist demonstrates flute-playing technique A flautist or flutist is a musician who plays the flute. ... Claude Monteux has established a dual international career as both concert flutist and conductor. ...

Musical style

Monteux observed, 'Our principal work is to keep the orchestra together and carry out the composer’s instructions, not to be sartorial models, cause dowagers to swoon, or distract audiences by our “interpretation”'.[7]. He advised the young Previn that when orchestras are playing well the conductor should not interfere with them.[8]. 'His approach to all music is that of the master-craftsman,' according to an approving critic in 1957.[9] The record producer John Culshaw described Monteux as 'that rarest of beings — a conductor who was loved by his orchestras' and said that 'to call him a legend would be to understate the case.'[10]. Toscanini observed that Monteux had the best baton technique he had ever seen.[11] John Culshaw (born Southport 28 May 1924, died London 27 April 1980), was a pioneering classical record producer for Decca. ... Arturo Toscanini listening to playbacks at RCA Victor (BMG Music) Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ...


Monteux made a large number of recordings throughout his career. He himself claimed to dislike them, maintaining that they lacked the spontaneity of live performances. Nevertheless several of his recordings have remained in the catalogues for decades. Some recordings currently (2007) or recently available on CD are:

1820 portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler Beethoven redirects here. ... The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (in German: Wiener Philharmoniker) is the principal orchestra in Austria and one of the finest in the world. ... The Symphony No. ... Hector Louis Berlioz (December 11, 1803 – March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer best known for the Symphonie fantastique, first performed in 1830, and for his Grande Messe des Morts (Requiem) of 1837, with its tremendous resources that include four antiphonal brass choirs. ... Symphonie Fantastique (Fantastic Symphony) Opus 14, is a symphony written by Hector Berlioz in 1830. ... Roméo et Juliette (Romeo and Juliet) is an opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré, based on the play by Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Symphony No. ... The Piano Concerto No. ... Julius Katchen (August 15, 1926 - April 29, 1969) was an American concert pianist. ... The Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn, consisting of a theme, eight variations and a finale, were composed in 1873 by Johannes Brahms. ... The Prélude à laprès-midi dun faune (or Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun) is a musical composition for orchestra by Claude Debussy that was first performed in 1894. ... Antonín Dvořák Antonín Leopold Dvořák (IPA: , ) (September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer of Romantic music. ... Symphony No. ... Sir Edward Elgar Sir Edward Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 â€“ 23 February 1934) was an English Romantic composer. ... Variations on an Original Theme for orchestra, Op. ... César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (December 10, 1822 – November 8, 1890), a composer, organist and music teacher of Belgian origin, was one of the great figures in classical music in France (and the world) in the second half of the 19th century. ... The Symphony in D minor is the most famous orchestral work and only symphony by the 19th century Belgian composer César Franck. ... The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ... (Franz) Joseph Haydn (in German, Josef; he never used the Franz) (March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was a leading composer of the classical period. ... Joseph Haydns Symphony No. ... The Symphony No. ... Jules (Émile Frédéric) Massenet (May 12, 1842 - August 13, 1912) was a French composer. ... Manon is an opera in five acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Henri Meilhac and Philippe Gille, based on L’histoire du chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut by Abbé Prévost. ... The Catalan singer Victoria de los Ángeles (November 1, 1923 – January 15, 2005) was a well-known soprano whose career spanned the early 1940s to the mid 1970s. ... The Boléro is one of Maurice Ravels (1875-1937) most famous pieces of music. ... Image:Bakst-decorations. ... Ma Mère lOye (Mother Goose), is a musical work by French composer Maurice Ravel. ... Pavane pour une infante défunte (English: Pavane for a dead princess) is a well-known piece for solo piano written by the French composer Maurice Ravel. ... Rapsodie espagnole (alternatively spelt Rhapsodie) is an orchestral rhapsody written by Maurice Ravel. ... External links Maurice Ravels La Valse An analysis and history of Maurice Ravels La Valse Category: ... Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: , Nikolaj Andreevič Rimskij-Korsakov), also Nikolai, Nicolai, and Rimsky-Korsakoff, (March 18, 1844–June 21, 1908) was a Russian composer and teacher of classical music particularly noted for his fine orchestration, which may have been influenced by his synaesthesia. ... Sibelius redirects to this article. ... Jean Sibeliuss Symphony No. ... Richard Strauss Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... Tod und Verklärung (Death and Transfiguration) is a tone poem by Richard Strauss. ... The Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire was a symphony orchestra established in Paris in 1828. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... Altynai Asylmoratova as Odette in the Kirov/Mariinsky Ballets production of Swan Lake, St. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome). ... La traviata, an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, takes as its basis the novel La dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas, fils, published in 1848. ... The Italian opera singer Cesare Valletti (18 December 1922 - 15 May 2000) was a highly regarded lyric tenor in the postwar era. ... Wilhelm Richard Wagner (Leipzig, May 22, 1813 – Venice, February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... The Siegfried Idyll is one of Richard Wagners few non-operatic works. ...

Notable premières

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  • Caranina, John: ‘Pierre Monteux, Maitre’, Amadeus Press, Cambridge, ISBN-10: 1574670824 ISBN-13: 978-1574670820
  • Cosman, Milein: 'Musical Sketchbook', Bruno Cassirer, Oxford, 1957
  • Culshaw, John: 'Putting the Record Straight', Secker & Warburg, London 1981, ISBN 0-436-11802-5
  • Morrison, Richard: 'Orchestra', Faber and Faber, London,2004, ISBN 0-571-21584-x
  • Previn, André (ed): 'Orchestra', Macdonald and Jane's, London, 1979, ISBN 0 354 04420 6


  1. ^ rue de la Grange Batelière: Caranina Ch 1
  2. ^ Caranina Ch 1
  3. ^ Caranina Ch 1
  4. ^ Caranina Ch 4
  5. ^ Caranina Ch 5
  6. ^ Caranina Ch 6
  7. ^ Cosman, p98
  8. ^ Previn, p 11
  9. ^ Cosman, p98
  10. ^ Culshaw p. 144
  11. ^ Morrison, p.135
  12. ^ Caranina, p. 341
  13. ^ Caranina, p. 341
  14. ^ Caranina, p. 341
  15. ^ Caranina, p. 341
  16. ^ Caranina, p. 341
  17. ^ Caranina, p. 341

External link

  • Home page of the Pierre Monteux School in Hancock, Maine
Preceded by
Henri Rabaud
Music Director, Boston Symphony Orchestra
Succeeded by
Serge Koussevitzky
Preceded by
Basil Cameron and Issay Dobrowen
Music Director, San Francisco Symphony
Succeeded by
Enrique Jordá
Preceded by
Josef Krips
Principal Conductor, London Symphony Orchestra
Succeeded by
Istvan Kertesz

  Results from FactBites:
AllRefer.com - Pierre Monteux (Music: History, Composers, And Performers, Biography) - Encyclopedia (269 words)
Pierre Monteux[pyer mONtO´] Pronunciation Key, 1875–1964, French-American conductor, studied at the Paris Conservatory.
From 1961 until his death Monteux led the London Symphony Orchestra.
He was known for the purity and self-restraint of his interpretations.
  More results at FactBites »



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