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Encyclopedia > Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert

Pierre le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert or Boisguillebert (17 February 1646 - 10 October 1714) was a French economist. February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Ongoing events English Civil War (1642-1649) Births April 15 - King Christian V of Denmark (d. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... An economist is someone who studies Economics. ...

He was born at Rouen of an ancient noble family of Normandy, allied to that of Corneille. He received his classical education in Rouen, entered the magistracy and became judge at Montivilliers, near Le Havre. In 1690 he became president of the bailliage of Rouen, a post which he retained almost until his death, leaving it to his son. Location within France Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northern France, and presently the capital of the Upper Normandy région. ... Normandy is a geographical region in northern France. ... Corneille is the pseudonym of many artists. ... Location within France Le Havre is a city in Normandy, northern France, on the English Channel, at the mouth of the Seine. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... A bailiwick is the area of jurisdiction of a bailiff. ...

In these two situations he made a close study of local economic conditions, personally, supervising the cultivation of his lands, and entering into relations with the principal merchants of Rouen. He was thus led to consider the misery of the people under, the burden of taxation. In 1695 he published his principal work, Le Detail de la France; la cause de la diminution de ses biens, et la facilité du remède. In it he drew a picture of the general ruin of all classes of Frenchmen, caused by the bad economic régime. In opposition to Colbert's views he held that the wealth of a country consists, not in the abundance of money which it possesses but in what it produces and exchanges. The remedy for the evils of the time was not so much the reduction as the equalization of the imposts, which would allow the poor to consume more, raise the production and add to the general wealth. He demanded the reform of the taille, the suppression of internal customs duties and greater freedom of trade. In his Factum de la France, published in 1705 or 1706, he gave a more concise resume of his ideas. But his proposal to substitute for all aides and customs duties a single capitation tax of a tenth of the revenue of all property was naturally opposed by the tax farmers and found little support. Jean_Baptiste Colbert Jean_Baptiste Colbert (August 29, 1619 _ September 6, 1683) served as the French minister of finance, for 22 years, under King Louis XIV. He is notable for his work at improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy; although, historians... The taille was a direct land tax on the French peasantry in ancien régime France (since the nobles refused to pay taxes). ... Customs duty is a tariff or tax on the import or export of goods. ...

Indeed his work, written in a diffuse and inelegant style, passed almost unnoticed. Saint Simon relates that he once asked a hearing of the comte de Pontchartrain, saying that he would at first believe him mad, then become interested, and then see he was right. Pontchartrain bluntly told him that he did think him mad, and turned his back on him. With Michel de Chamillart, whom be had known as intendant of Rouen (1689-1690), he had no better success. Upon the disgrace of Vauban, whose Dime royale had much in common with Boisguilbert's plan, Boisguilbert violently attacked the controller in a pamphlet, Supplément au détail de la France. The book was seized and condemned, and its author exiled to Auvergne, though soon allowed to return. At last in 1710 the controller-general, Nicolas Desmarets, established a new impost, the tenth (dixième), which had some analogy with the project of Boisguilbert. Instead of replacing the former imposts, however, Desmarets simply added his dixième to them; the experiment was naturally disastrous, and the idea was abandoned. Saint-Simon can refer to various people: Claude de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1607–1693), French courtier Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1675–1755), French soldier, diplomatist and writer of memoirs Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon (1760–1825), the founder of French socialism Simon... New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. ... Vauban designed this pentagonal fortress to withstand sieges. ... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ...

In 1712 appeared a Testament politique de M. de Vauban, which is simply Boisguilberts Detail de la France. Vauban's Dime royale was formerly wrongly attributed to him. Boisguilberts works were collected by Daire in the first volume of the Collection des grands économistes. His letters are in the Correspondance des contrôleurs géneraux, vol. i., published by M. de Boislisle.

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (607 words)
Pierre le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert or Boisguillebert (17 February 1646 - 10 October 1714) was a French economist.
With Michel de Chamillart, whom be had known as intendant of Rouen (1689-1690), he had no better success.
Boisguilberts works were collected by Daire in the first volume of the Collection des grands économistes.
Pierre de Boisguilbert (472 words)
Boisguilbert (or Boisguillebert) was a radical anti-Colbertiste with the luck to be far away from French court.
Boisguilbert was among the first to come up with analogy of the economy as an organism.
Boisguilbert's 1696 and 1707 investigations concluded that France of Louis XIV was, basically, a mismanaged country.
  More results at FactBites »



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