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Encyclopedia > Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval, prime minister of Vichy France
Pierre Laval, prime minister of Vichy France

Pierre Laval (28 June 188315 October 1945) was a French politician and four times Prime Minister of France, the final time being under the Vichy government. For his role in Vichy France during World War II, he was found guilty of high treason and executed after the war. Today, Pierre Laval is generally remembered in France as a traitor. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... For other uses of Vichy, see Vichy (disambiguation). ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... For other uses of Vichy, see Vichy (disambiguation). ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... For other uses, see Treason (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Career

He was born in Châteldon in the Puy-de-Dôme département of the Auvergne region. After earning a law degree, he worked as a lawyer, in Paris from 1907. A socialist, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a member of French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) in 1903. He did not serve in World War I but the period saw a change to his politics as he moved towards the right. He lost the first post-war election. He became mayor of Aubervilliers in 1924 and left the socialist party; he was elected to the French Senate in 1927. Building of the Conseil Général of the Puy-de-Dôme département, in Clermont-Ferrand Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Puy-de-Dôme Puy-de-Dôme is a département. ... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... Sfio, or Safe/Fast I/O, is an I/O library developed by AT&T Research, with several improvements over the ANSI C stdio library. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply The Right, are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum often associated with any of several strains of conservatism, the religious right, and areas of classical liberalism, or simply the opposite of left-wing politics. ... Aubervilliers is a town and commune of France, in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, on which it is bordering. ... The Senate amphitheater in the Luxembourg Palace The Senate (in French :le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ...


Laval was a prominent figure in the 1930s governments. He was frequently in cabinet and was Prime Minister from 27 January 1931 to 6 February 1932 (succeeding André Tardieu) and again after the 6 February 1934 riots organized by far right leagues (whom maintained connections with right-wing parliamentary figures such as Laval and Marshall Pétain) from 7 June 1935. He was named TIME magazine's 1931 Man of the Year. At that time, Laval was opposed to Germany and tried to push France into an alliance with Mussolini's Italy and Stalin's USSR in order to encircle the "hereditary enemy". He thus met Mussolini in Rome on 4 January 1935 [1], a policy which led to the signature of the Stresa front (UK, Italy and France) in April 1935. January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... French politician André Tardieu André Tardieu (September 22, 1876 at Paris, France - September 15, 1945 at Menton) was three-time Prime Minister of France (November 3, 1929 - February 17, 1930; March 2 - December 4, 1930; February 20 - May 10, 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life from 1929... The 6 February 1934 crisis refers to an anti-parliamentarist demonstration organised in Paris by far-right leagues (antiparliamentarian militias), which finished by a riot on Place de la Concorde, which is located on the Right Bank of the Seine, in front of the Palais Bourbon, seat of the National... Far right leagues (Ligues dextrême droite) gathered several French far right movements opposed to parliamentarism, which mainly dedicate themselves to military parades, street brawls, demonstrations and riots. ... Henri-Philippe Pétain Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain, was a French general, later Head of State of Vichy France, from 1940 to 1944. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... Person of the Year is an annual issue of U.S. newsmagazine TIME that features a profile ostensibly on the man, woman, couple, group, idea, place, or machine that for better or worse, has most influenced events in the preceding year. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Stresa Front was an agreement made between French foreign minister Pierre Laval, British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald, and Italian leader Benito Mussolini in April 1935. ...


During his second stint as Prime Minister in October 1935, together with the British foreign minister, Samuel Hoare, he proposed a solution to the Abyssinia crisis. Leaked to the media in December, the realpolitik Hoare-Laval Pact was widely denounced as an appeasement to Mussolini and Laval was forced to resign on 22 January 1936. Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood (1880-1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a British Conservative politician who served in various capacities in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s. ... The Abyssinia Crisis was a pre-WW2 diplomatic crisis originating in the conflict between Italy and Abyssinia (present-day Ethiopia). ... Realpolitik (German: real (realistic, practical or actual) and Politik (politics)) is a term used to describe politics based on strictly practical rather than idealistic notions, and practiced without any sentimental illusions. ... The Hoare-Laval Pact was a December 1935 plan concocted by the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Samuel Hoare and the French Prime Minister, Pierre Laval for the partitioning of Ethiopia, as a means of ending the Italo-Ethiopian War. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Out of politics, Laval returned to his business career, but soon had major political influence after he assembled an extensive media empire through acquisitions of newspapers and radio. The victory of the Popular Front in 1936 meant that Laval had a left-wing government as a target for his media. Following the Nazi occupation, his publications and broadcasts outlets played a prominent part in forcing out the government and then supporting the new government of Philippe Pétain. On 12 July 1940 Laval became vice-premier and named Fernand de Brinon to lead negotiations with the Germans. The Popular Front (Front Populaire) was an alliance of left-wing political parties that came into power in France following the 1936 elections. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Henri-Philippe Pétain Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain, was a French general, later Head of State of Vichy France, from 1940 to 1944. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Fernand de Brinon (born August 26, 1885 - died April 15, 1947) was a French lawyer and journalist who was one of the architects of collaboration with the Nazis during World War II. Born into a wealthy family in the city of Libourne in the Gironde département, the aristocratic Marquis...


Laval was enthusiastically pro-Nazi; his demands for a Franco-German military alliance led to him being sacked from the government and arrested in 13 December 1940. The German ambassador in France, Otto Abetz, had him freed and moved to Paris. He was injured in an assassination attempt on 27 August 1941 at a Légion des Volontaires Français review but recovered and was recalled into the Vichy government on 18 April 1942. This time he became Prime Minister and succeeded Admiral François Darlan as the leading figure in the regime after Pétain himself. Laval was largely blamed for the increase in anti-Jewish activities and the decision to send French workers to Germany through la relève and later the Service du Travail Obligatoire. The creation of the Vichy Milice in January 1943 has also been credited to Laval. National Socialism redirects here. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ... Otto Abetz (May 26, 1903 - May 5, 1958) was the German ambassador to France during World War II. Abetz was born in Schwetzingen. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... The SS Division Charlemagne and Charlemagne Regiment are collective names used for units of French volunteers in the Wehrmacht and later Waffen-SS during the World War II. The Charlemagne division was not a single military unit but succession of groups of collaborating French volunteers (though the exact nature of... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... François Darlan, French admiral and politician of Vichy France Admiral of the Fleet François Darlan (August 7, 1881 – December 24, 1942) was a French naval officer and senior figure of the Vichy France regime. ... A recruitment poster for the Milice. ...


Following the Allied invasion of France, the government moved from Vichy to Belfort and then to Germany and Sigmaringen in August 1944. (He appears as a character in Louis Ferdinand Céline's novel Castle to Castle, which is set largely at Sigmaringen.) In May 1945 Laval fled. He first went to Spain but was deported and ended up in Austria where he was given over to the Allied Forces. On 30 Jul 1945 he was handed over to the new French government. Charged with treason and violating state security, Laval was tried and after being found guilty despite vigorously defending himself in the first part of his trial, was sentenced to death. After a failed attempt at suicide (the cyanide had lost its full potency), he was executed by firing squad at Fresnes prison, near Paris, half-unconscious and vomiting. Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Belfort is a town and commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Territoire de Belfort département in the Franche-Comté région. ... Sigmaringen is a city in southern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg, formerly Hohenzollern, capital of the Sigmaringen district. ... Céline Céline redirects here. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The cyanide ion, CN−. From the top: 1. ... Fresnes Prison (Centre pénitentiaire de Fresnes) is the second largest prison in France, located in the town of Fresnes, Val-de-Marne near the city of Paris. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land...


Laval's First Government, 27 January 1931 - 14 January 1932

  • Pierre Laval - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Aristide Briand - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • André Maginot - Minister of War
  • Pierre Étienne Flandin - Minister of Finance
  • François Piétri - Minister of Budget
  • Adolphe Landry - Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
  • Léon Bérard - Minister of Justice
  • Charles Dumont - Minister of Marine
  • Louis de Chappedelaine - Minister of Merchant Marine
  • Jacques-Louis Dumesnil - Minister of Air
  • Mario Roustan - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Auguste Champetier de Ribes - Minister of Pensions
  • André Tardieu - Minister of Agriculture
  • Paul Reynaud - Minister of Colonies
  • Maurice Deligne - Minister of Public Works
  • Camille Blaisot - Minister of Public Health
  • Charles Guernier - Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones
  • Louis Rollin - Minister of Commerce and Industry

January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 – March 7, 1932) was a French statesman who served several terms as Prime Minister of France and won the Nobel Peace Prize. ... André Maginot (February 17, 1877 - January 7, 1932) was a French civil servant, soldier, and member of parliament. ... Pierre Étienne Flandin, French politician Pierre Étienne Flandin (April 12, 1889 at Paris, France-June 13, 1958 at Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France) was a French conservative politician of the Third Republic and Prime Minister of France from November 8, 1934 to May 31, 1935. ... François Piétri (8 August 1882 - 17 August 1966) was a minister in several governments in the later years of the French Third Republic and was French ambassador to Spain from 1940 to 1944 under the Vichy regime. ... Léon Bérard, de lAcadémie française (January 6, 1876 - February 24, 1960 in Saint-Étienne) - French politician and lawyer. ... French politician André Tardieu André Tardieu (September 22, 1876 at Paris, France - September 15, 1945 at Menton) was three-time Prime Minister of France (November 3, 1929 - February 17, 1930; March 2 - December 4, 1930; February 20 - May 10, 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life from 1929... Paul Reynaud (October 15, 1878 - September 21, 1966) was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany. ...

Laval's Second Government, 14 January - 20 February 1932

  • Pierre Laval - President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • André Tardieu - Minister of War
  • Pierre Cathala - Minister of the Interior
  • Pierre Étienne Flandin - Minister of Finance
  • François Piétri - Minister of Budget
  • Adolphe Landry - Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
  • Léon Bérard - Minister of Justice
  • Charles Dumont - Minister of Marine
  • Louis de Chappedelaine - Minister of Merchant Marine
  • Jacques-Louis Dumesnil - Minister of Air
  • Mario Roustan - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Auguste Champetier de Ribes - Minister of Pensions
  • Achille Fould - Minister of Agriculture
  • Paul Reynaud - Minister of Colonies
  • Maurice Deligne - Minister of Public Works
  • Camille Blaisot - Minister of Public Health
  • Charles Guernier - Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones
  • Louis Rollin - Minister of Commerce and Industry

January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... French politician André Tardieu André Tardieu (September 22, 1876 at Paris, France - September 15, 1945 at Menton) was three-time Prime Minister of France (November 3, 1929 - February 17, 1930; March 2 - December 4, 1930; February 20 - May 10, 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life from 1929... Pierre Étienne Flandin, French politician Pierre Étienne Flandin (April 12, 1889 at Paris, France-June 13, 1958 at Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France) was a French conservative politician of the Third Republic and Prime Minister of France from November 8, 1934 to May 31, 1935. ... François Piétri (8 August 1882 - 17 August 1966) was a minister in several governments in the later years of the French Third Republic and was French ambassador to Spain from 1940 to 1944 under the Vichy regime. ... Léon Bérard, de lAcadémie française (January 6, 1876 - February 24, 1960 in Saint-Étienne) - French politician and lawyer. ... Achille Fould (November 17, 1800 - October 5, 1867) was a French financier and politician. ... Paul Reynaud (October 15, 1878 - September 21, 1966) was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany. ...

Laval's Third Ministry, 7 June 1935 - 24 January 1936

  • Pierre Laval - President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Jean Fabry - Minister of War
  • Joseph Paganon - Minister of the Interior
  • Marcel Régnier - Minister of Finance
  • Ludovic-Oscar Frossard - Minister of Labour
  • Léon Bérard - Minister of Justice
  • François Piétri - Minister of Marine
  • Mario Roustan - Minister of Merchant Marine
  • Victor Denain - Minister of Air
  • Philippe Marcombes - Minister of National Education
  • Henri Maupoil - Minister of Pensions
  • Pierre Cathala - Minister of Agriculture
  • Louis Rollin - Minister of Colonies
  • Laurent Eynac - Minister of Public Works
  • Louis Lafont - Minister of Public Health and Physical Education
  • Georges Mandel - Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones
  • Georges Bonnet - Minister of Commerce and Industry
  • Édouard Herriot - Minister of State
  • Louis Marin - Minister of State
  • Pierre Étienne Flandin - Minister of State

June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ludovic-Oscar Frossard (also knwn as L-O Frossard or Oscar Frossard; March 5, 1889, Foussemagne, Territoire de Belfort—February 11, 1946, Paris) was a French socialist and communist politician, a member of six succesive French governments between 1935 and 1940. ... Léon Bérard, de lAcadémie française (January 6, 1876 - February 24, 1960 in Saint-Étienne) - French politician and lawyer. ... François Piétri (8 August 1882 - 17 August 1966) was a minister in several governments in the later years of the French Third Republic and was French ambassador to Spain from 1940 to 1944 under the Vichy regime. ... Laurent Eynac was French politician who was appointed Minister of Transportation on 7 June 1935 until 24 January 1936. ... Georges Mandel was the adopted name of Louis George Rothschild (his family was not related to the famous banking dynasty). ... Georges-Étienne Bonnet (July 22/23, 1889 - June 18, 1973) was a French politician who served as Foreign Minister under Édouard Daladier at the time of the Munich Conference in 1938. ... French politician Édouard Herriot Édouard Herriot (July 5, 1872 at Troyes, France - March 26, 1957 at Lyon, France) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic who served three times as Prime Minister and for many years as President of the Chamber of Deputies. ... Pierre Étienne Flandin, French politician Pierre Étienne Flandin (April 12, 1889 at Paris, France-June 13, 1958 at Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France) was a French conservative politician of the Third Republic and Prime Minister of France from November 8, 1934 to May 31, 1935. ...

Changes

  • 17 June 1935 - Mario Roustan succeeds Marcombes (d. 13 June) as Minister of National Education. William Bertrand succeeds Roustan as Minister of Merchant Marine.

June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ...

Laval's Fourth Ministry, 18 April 1942 - 20 August 1944

  • Pierre Laval - President of the Council, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of the Interior, and Minister of Information
  • Eugène Bridoux - Minister of War
  • Pierre Cathala - Minister of Finance and National Economy
  • Jean Bichelonne - Minister of Industrial Production
  • Hubert Lagardelle - Minister of Labour
  • Joseph Barthélemy - Minister of Justice
  • Gabriel Auphan - Minister of Marine
  • Jean-François Jannekeyn - Minister of Air
  • Abel Bonnard - Minister of National Education
  • Jacques Le Roy Ladurie - Minister of Agriculture
  • Max Bonnafous - Minister of Supply
  • Jules Brévié - Minister of Colonies
  • Raymond Grasset - Minister of Family and Health
  • Robert Gibrat - Minister of Communication
  • Lucien Romier - Minister of State

April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Hubert Lagardelle (1874-1958) was a French syndicalist thinker, influenced by Proudhon. ... Gabriel Paul Auphan (Alès, 4 November 1894 - 16 April 1982) was a French admiral, chief of cabinet of Admiral Darlan under Vichy France and later Secrétaire dÉtat à la marine of Vichy. ... Abel Bonnard (December 19, 1883-May 31, 1968) was a French poet and novelist. ...

Changes

  • 11 September 1942 - Max Bonnafous succeeds Le Roy Ladurie as Minister of Agriculture, remaining also Minister of Supply
  • 18 November 1942 - Jean-Charles Abrial succeeds Auphan as Minister of Marine. Jean Bichelonne succeeds Gibrat as Minister of Communication, remaining also Minister of Industrial Production.
  • 26 March 1943 - Maurice Gabolde succeeds Barthélemy as Minister of Justice. Henri Bléhaut succeeds Abrial as Minister of Marine and Brévié as Minister of Colonies.
  • 21 November 1943 - Jean Bichelonne succeeds Lagardelle as Minister of Labour, remaining also Minister of Industrial Production and Communication.
  • 31 December 1943 - Minister of State Lucien Romier resigns from the government.
  • 6 January 1944 - Pierre Cathala succeeds Bonnafous as Minister of Agriculture and Supply, remaining also Minister of Finance and National Economy.
  • 3 March 1944 - The office of Minister of Supply is abolished. Pierre Cathala remains Minister of Finance, National Economy, and Agriculture.
  • 16 March 1944 - Marcel Déat succeeds Bichelonne as Minister of Labour and National Solidarity. Bichelonne remains Minister of Industrial Production and Communication.
Preceded by:
Victor Peytral
Minister of Public Works
1925
Succeeded by:
Anatole de Monzie
Preceded by:
René Renoult
Minister of Justice
1926
Succeeded by:
Maurice Colrat
Preceded by:
Louis Loucheur
Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
1930
Succeeded by:
Édouard Grinda
Preceded by:
Théodore Steeg
President of the Council
1931–1932
Succeeded by:
André Tardieu
Preceded by:
Georges Leygues
Minister of the Interior
1931–1932
Succeeded by:
Pierre Cathala
Preceded by:
Aristide Briand
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1932
Succeeded by:
André Tardieu
Preceded by:
Adolphe Landry
Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
1932
Succeeded by:
Albert Dalimier
Preceded by:
Henry de Jouvenel
Minister of Colonies
1934
Succeeded by:
Louis Rollin
Preceded by:
Louis Barthou
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1934–1936
Succeeded by:
Pierre Étienne Flandin
Preceded by:
Fernand Bouisson
President of the Council
1935–1936
Succeeded by:
Albert Sarraut
Preceded by:
Philippe Pétain
Vice President of the Council
1940
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Paul Baudoin
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1940
Succeeded by:
Pierre Étienne Flandin
Preceded by:
Philippe Pétain
President of the Council
1942–1944
Succeeded by:
Charles de Gaulle
Preceded by:
François Darlan
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1942–1944
Succeeded by:
Georges Bidault
Preceded by:
Pierre Pucheu
Minister of the Interior
1942–1944
Succeeded by:
Adrien Tixier
Preceded by:
Paul Marion
Minister of Information
1942–1944
Succeeded by:
Pierre-Henri Teitgen

  Results from FactBites:
 
Laval - Search View - MSN Encarta (496 words)
Pierre Laval (1883-1945), French politician, a member of the Vichy government of German-occupied France during World War II (1939-1945) and a leader in efforts to collaborate with Germany.
After serving as minister of labor in 1932, Laval held the ministry of foreign affairs from 1934 to 1935, and in that capacity he arranged a mutual military assistance pact with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
The treaty aroused a storm of public indignation and was speedily repudiated in both Paris and London; Hoare was forced to resign, and the Laval government fell in January 1936.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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