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Encyclopedia > Pierre G. T. Beauregard
Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard

Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (BO-rih-gahrd) (May 28, 1818February 20, 1893), best known as a general for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor. P.G.T. Beauregard This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... P.G.T. Beauregard This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ...


Beauregard was born in New Orleans, Louisiana to a white Creole family. His nickname to many of his army friends was The Little Creole. He trained at the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating in 1838, and excelled both as an artilleryman and military engineer. He served as a major under Winfield Scott during the Mexican-American War. He briefly entered into politics in his home town, and was narrowly defeated in the election for Mayor of New Orleans in 1858. He then returned to teach at West Point, where he rose to become the Superintendent of the Military Academy, but resigned after only a few days when Louisiana seceded from the Union. City nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City that Care Forgot Location of New Orleans Country   State     Parish United States   Louisiana     Orleans Parish Mayor C. Ray Nagin Area  - Land  - Water 350. ... The term Creole is used with different meanings in different contexts, which can generate confusion. ... The Chapel at West Point The United States Military Academy, also known as West Point and USMA, is a U.S. military academy and former Army fort. ... Alternate meanings: West Point (disambiguation). ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... The Mexican-American War was a war fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ... The Union was a name used by many to refer to the Northern states during the American Civil War. ...


Beauregard was one of eight full generals in the Confederate Army. He recommended stationing strong forces to protect New Orleans, but was overruled by Jefferson Davis; this started friction between Beauregard and Davis that would only get worse as years progressed. Beauregard's first assignment from the Confederate Government was command of the forces in Charleston, South Carolina, where on April 12, 1861 he opened fire on the Union-held Fort Sumter, regarded as the start of the American Civil War. He and General Joseph E. Johnston led Confederate forces to victory in the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas). He was transferred to Tennessee and assumed command of Confederate forces at the Battle of Shiloh when General Albert Sidney Johnston was killed. Although successful the first day of battle, April 6, 1862, Beauregard called off the attack, prematurely in hindsight. He was forced to retreat the second day after Ulysses S. Grant was reinforced. He later was forced to retreat from his base of supplies, Corinth, Mississippi, by forces under Henry W. Halleck. General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Jefferson Davis Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808–December 6, 1889) was an American soldier and politician. ... Charleston, South Carolinas Oldest City Charleston is an American city located in Charleston County, South Carolina. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Before the attack Map detailing the location of Fort Sumter Fort Sumter, located in Charleston, South Carolina harbor, was named after General Thomas Sumter. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... Joseph E. Johnston Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer and one of the most senior generals in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... First Battle of Bull Run Conflict American Civil War Date July 21, 1861 Place Fairfax County and Prince William County Result Confederate victory The First Battle of Bull Run, referred to as the First Battle of Manassas in the South, (July 21, 1861), was the first major land battle of... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... Battle of Shiloh Conflict American Civil War Date April 6-7, 1862 Place Hardin County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee. ... General Albert Sidney Johnston ( February 2, 1803 – April 6, 1862) was an American soldier and military leader. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War general and the 18th (1869–1877) president of the United States. ... Corinth is a city located in Alcorn County, Mississippi. ... Henry Wager Halleck (1815 - 1872) was an American soldier and politician. ...


Beauregard successfully defended Charleston, South Carolina from repeated Union attacks 18621864. In 1864 he assisted Robert E. Lee in the defense of Richmond, Virginia, defeating Benjamin Butler in the Bermuda Hundred Campaign near Drewry's Bluff. Success against Butler, his most impressive military victory, caused grandiose thoughts to fill his mind. He proposed to Lee and Jefferson Davis that he lead a great invasion of the North, defeating Grant and Butler, and win the war. Undoubtedly to remove him as an irritant to Lee in Virginia, Beauregard was appointed commander of Confederate forces in the West. Since all of his forces were occupied elsewhere (in Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi), he had insufficient resources to halt the superior Union forces under William T. Sherman in their march to the sea. He and Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to Sherman in North Carolina in April 1865. Charleston, South Carolinas Oldest City Charleston is an American city located in Charleston County, South Carolina. ... 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Robert Edward Lee, as a U.S. Army Colonel before the war Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career army officer and the most successful general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. ... Richmond is the capital of the state of Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) of the United States of America. ... Benjamin Franklin Butler Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818–January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer, soldier and politician. ... Federal earthworks at Bermuda Hundred The Bermuda Hundred Campaign was a series of battles fought outside Richmond, Virginia, during May, 1864, in the American Civil War. ... View of Fort Darling at Drewrys Bluff from James River in 1865, Drewrys Bluff is located in northeastern Chesterfield County, Virginia in the United States. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... Alabama is a state located in the southern United States; the population of Alabama is 4,447,100 as of 2000. ... State nickname: Magnolia State Other U.S. States Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Governor Haley Barbour Official languages English Area 125,546 km² (32nd)  - Land 121,606 km²  - Water 3,940 km² (3%) Population (2000)  - Population 2,697,243 (31st)  - Density 23. ... Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ... Major General William T. Sherman. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley Official languages English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


After the war he spoke in favor of civil and voting rights for the recently freed slaves, an opinion not common among high-ranking Confederates.


Beauregard's military writings include The Principles and Maxims of the Art of War, Report on the Defense of Charleston, and A Commentary on the Campaign and Battle of Manassas. Beauregard and Jefferson Davis published a series of bitter accusations and counter-accusations, blaming each other in retrospect for the defeat of the Confederacy.


General Beauregard declined offers to take command of the armies of Romania (1866) and Egypt (1869). 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He became involved in promotion of railroads, both as a company director and a consulting engineer. He invented a system of cable-powered street railway cars. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...


He served in the government of the State of Louisiana, first as adjutant general, and then less successfully as manager of the Louisiana Lottery. Though considered personally honest, he failed to reform corruption in the Lottery system. State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ... The Louisiana Lottery was a private corporation that in the mid-19th century paid the state of Louisiana for the right to offer a lottery. ...


P.G.T. Beauregard died in New Orleans. He is buried in Metairie Cemetery. New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Metairie Cemetery is a cemetery in New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
P. G. T. Beauregard (522 words)
Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (May 28, 1818 - February 20, 1893), best known as a General for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor.
Beauregard was born in New Orleans, Louisiana to a white Creole family.
Beauregard's first assignment from the Confederate Government was command of the forces in Charleston, South Carolina, where on April 12, 1861 he opened fire on the Union held Fort Sumter, regarded as the start of the American Civil War.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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