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Encyclopedia > Piedmont

Coordinates: 44°57′35″N, 7°55′10″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Regione Piemonte (it)
Image:Italy Regions Piedmont Map.png
Map highlighting the location of Piedmont (en), Piemont (pie), Piemonte (it), Piémont (fr) in Italy
Capital Turin
President Mercedes Bresso
(DS-Union)
Provinces 8
Comuni 1,206
Area 25,399 km²
 - Ranked 2nd (8.4 %)
Population (2006 est.)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density Piedmont refers to a region of Italy. ... Image File history File links Piemonte. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Torino redirects here. ... Mercedes Bresso Mercedes Bresso (born on 12 July 1944) is an Italian politician and President of the Piedmont Region. ... The Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra, DS) is the main Italian left-wing political party, part of the Olive Tree electoral coalition. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...


4,341,733
6th (7.4 %)
171/km²

Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte; Piedmontese: Piemont; French: Piémont) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. It has an area of 25,399 km2 (third greatest region in Italy and the greatest in italian peninsula) and a population of 4.4 million. The capital is Turin, and the local language is Piedmontese. Piedmontese (also known as Piemontèis, and Piemontese in Italian) is a language spoken by over 2 million people in Piedmont, northwest Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Torino redirects here. ... Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. ...

Contents

Geography

Piedmont is surrounded on three sides by the Alps mountain range, including the Monviso (Mont Vis), where the Po River rises, and Monte Rosa. It borders with France, Switzerland, and the Italian regions of Lombardy, Liguria and the Aosta Valley. 7.6% of the territory is protected area, 56 different ones of which the most famous national park is Gran Paradiso (Grand Paradis). The west face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... M. Croz, William Mathews and Frederic Jacomb Monte Viso (also called Monviso) is a mountain in the Cottian Alps in Italy close to the French border. ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ... Monte Rosa, seen from the Gornergrat above Zermatt) Monte Rosa is a mountain massif located in the Italian regions Piedmont and Aosta Valley and in the canton of Valais (Wallis) of Switzerland. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardìa) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... The Aosta Valley (Italian: Valle dAosta, French: Vallée dAoste, Arpitan: Val dOuta) is a mountainous Region in north-western Italy. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Gran Paradiso National Park is a National Park in north-west Italy. ...


Piedmont is divided into eight provinces:


Provinces of Piedmont. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 39 KB) Map of the provinces of the Piedmont region of Italy. ...

Alessandria (It. ... Asti (It. ... Biella (It. ... Cuneo is a province in the Piedmont region of Italy. ... Novara (It. ... Turin (It. ... Verbano-Cusio-Ossola (It. ... Vercelli (It. ...

History

In 1046, the counts of the House of Savoy added Piedmont to their main territory of Savoy, with a capital at Chambéry (now in France). The County of Savoy was elevated to a duchy in 1416, and Duke Emanuele Filiberto moved the seat to Turin in 1563. In 1720, the Duke of Savoy became King of Sardinia, founding what evolved into the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia and increasing Turin's importance as a European capital. // Events First contact between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuks. ... The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Chambéry is the capital of the department of Savoie, France. ... May 30 - The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic. ... Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (July 8, 1528, Chambéry - August 30, 1580, Turin) was Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont, with Savoia upper left (pink) and Nizza (Nice) lower left (brown) both now French, and Sardinia in the inset. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont with Savoy, Nice, and Sardinia in the inset. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ...


The Republic of Alba was created in 1796 as a French client republic in Piedmont before the area was annexed by France in 1801. In June 1802 a new client republic, the Subalpine Republic, was established in Piedmont and in September it was also annexed. In the congress of Vienna, the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia was restored, and furthermore received the Republic of Genoa to strengthen it as a barrier against France. The republic of Alba was a French client republic proclaimed on 25 April 1796. ... During Napoleons invasions to Italy,many client (puppet) republics were established. ... The Subalpine Republic was a short-lived republic established in June, 1802, on the territory of the Principality of Piedmont during the Napoleonic era. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The Republic of Genoa, in full the Most Serene Republic of Genoa (known as the Ligurian Republic from 1798 to 1805) was an independent state in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast from ca. ...


Piedmont was the springboard for Italy's unification in 1859-1861, following earlier unsuccessful wars against the Austrian Empire in 1820-1821 and 1848-1849. This process is sometimes referred to as Piedmontisation.[1][2] The House of Savoy became Kings of Italy, and Turin briefly became the capital of Italy. However, the addition of territory paradoxically reduced Piedmont's importance to the kingdom, and the capital was removed to Florence, and then to Rome. One remaining recognition of Piedmont's historical role was that the crown prince of Italy was known as the Prince of Piedmont. Italian unification process. ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Disestablished 1867 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was an empire centred on what is modern day Austria that officially lasted from 1804... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). ... Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban... A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ...


Economy

Rice fields of Piemonte between Novara and Vercelli
Rice fields of Piemonte between Novara and Vercelli

Lowland Piedmont is a fertile agricultural region, producing wheat, rice, maize, and wine grapes. Piedmont is one of the great winegrowing regions in Italy. More than half of its 700 km² (170,000 acres) of vineyards are registered with DOC designations. It produces wines of renowned depth such as the famed Barbera, Barolo, Barbaresco and Moscato, as well as lesser known varieties such as Dolcetto, Freisa, Grignolino and Brachetto. The region contains major industrial centres, notably Turin, home to the FIAT automobile works. Biella produces tissues and silks. Cuneo is the house of Ferrero's chocolate factories and important mechanical industries, able in the past to build the trailer for the Space Shuttle Columbia. The tertiary also is flourishing: one of Italy's major banking and insurance groups, Sanpaolo IMI, is based in Turin. In February 2006 Turin hosted the XX Olympic Winter Games and in 2007 the Universiades, Olympic games for university students. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Denominazione di origine controllata is an Italian quality assurance label for food products and especially wines (an appellation). ... Barbera is a wine grape variety from Monferrato in Piemonte, Italy. ... Castle and Village of Barolo. ... The crown jewel of classic northern Italian wines, Barbarescos are powerful wines that feature Nebbiolo grapes and sometimes a minor supporting grape, such as cabernet franc. ... The muscat family of grapes grow widely for wine, raisins and table grapes. ... Dolcetto is a well-known wine grape variety widely grown in Piedmont region of Italy. ... Freisa is a wine grape variety grown in the Piedmont region of north-west Italy, primarily in Monferrato and in the Langhe, but also further north in the provinces of Turin and Biella. ... Grignolino is a purple grape variety commonly grown in the Piedmont region of Italy. ... Braquet is a red wine grape ground around Piedmont in Italy and the Bellet AOC in France. ... Fiat Grande Punto Fiat Group, or Fiat S.p. ... The Gruppo Sanpaolo IMI is one of Italys major banking and insurance groups and it is based in Turin. ... The XX Olympic Winter Games will be held in Turin, Italy from February 10th through the 26th in 2006. ...


Politics

The region has a center-left local government with Mercedes Bresso as president, following the regional legislative and presidential election of 2005. However, at the April 2006 Italian national election, Piedmont gave 50.5% of its votes to the Centre-Right coalition led by Silvio Berlusconi. Mercedes Bresso Mercedes Bresso (born on 12 July 1944) is an Italian politician and President of the Piedmont Region. ... A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...


Demographics

The Turin metro area grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s due to an increase of immigrants from southern Italy, and today it has a population of approximately two million. As of 2006, the Italian national institute of statistics (ISTAT) estimated that 231,611 foreign-born immigrants live in Piedmont, equal to 5.3% of the total regional population. // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ...


Towns of Piedmont with a population of 50,000 or more:

Comune Population (2006 est.)
Turin 900,608
Novara 102,817
Alessandria 91,593
Asti 73,734
Moncalieri 55,983
Cuneo 54,817
Rivoli 50,213

Torino redirects here. ... Novara is a city of Piedmont, in North-west Italy, to the west of Milan. ... For the Alessandria meteorite of 1860, see Meteorite falls. ... Asti is a city and comune in the Piemonte or Piedmont region, in north-western Italy, about 80 kilometres east of Turin in the plain of the Tanaro River. ... Moncalieri is a town of approximately 56,000 inhabitants (2001) about nine kilometers south of Turin, Italy. ... Cuneo (Coni in Piedmontese), with a population of c. ... This article is about the town near Turin, Italy. ...

References

  1. ^ Valeria Fargion, From the Southern to the Northern Question: Territorial and Social Politics in Italy, paper presented at the RC 19 conference 'Welfare state restructuring: processes and social outcomes', 2-4 September 2004, Sciences-Po Paris, accessed 7 January 2007
  2. ^ Anna Bull, Regionalism in Italy, Europa 2(4), accessed 7 January 2007

See also

The XX Olympic Winter Games will be held in Turin, Italy from February 10th through the 26th in 2006. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont, with Savoia upper left (pink) and Nizza (Nice) lower left (brown) both now French, and Sardinia in the inset. ... The Battle of Marengo was fought in Italy on June 14, 1800 as the decisive battle of the war of the Second Coalition. ... There are two military events that are called Battle of Novara, fought next to Novara, Northern Italy: Battle of Novara (1513), fought between the Holy League and France, within the War of the League of Cambrai; Battle of Novara (1849), fought between Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia, within the... Gianduja is one of the masks of the Italian Commedia dellArte, typically representing the town of Turin (and Piedmont in general). ...

Image gallery

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1178 × 1467 pixel, file size: 940 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) en: Acceglio, Italy - Village of Chiappera it: Frazione di Chiappera nel comune di Acceglio - CN -Italia Source: Archenzo. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 354 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (443 × 750 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Piedmont Acqui Terme... Image File history File links Asti_Cathedral. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixel Image in higher resolution (1282 × 784 pixel, file size: 280 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Il Teatro Sociale Villani di Biella. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 477 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1374 pixel, file size: 227 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Verbania-Pallanza, vista dal MontOrfano. ...

External links

Government agencies

Specialty sites

  • Giornale del Piemonte (daily newspaper)
  • Piemonte Magazine
  • La Lingua Piemontese (Piedmontese language)
  • Nòste Rèis (Piedmontese cultural association)
  • Confindustria (manufacturers association)
  • Cucina Piemonte.Net (Piemontese cuisine)
  • TempoItalia (weather forecasts)
  • Piemontesi Nel Mondo of Northern California

Tourism portals

  • Map of Piedmont
  • Global Geografia
  • Piemondo
  • Piemonte Emozioni
  • Piemonte Web
  • Itinerari Piemonte
  • Piedmont Picture Gallery
  • Photos

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Piedmont Airlines, Inc. (96 words)
Piedmont Airlines, Inc. operates as an US Airways Express carrier and is a wholly owned subsidiary of US Airways (LCC).
Today, Piedmont operates nearly 440 daily departures to 55 cities throughout the eastern United States and Canada.
Our corporate headquarters is located in Salisbury, Maryland which is located about one hundred miles southeast of Baltimore, Maryland.
Piedmont - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (484 words)
Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte) is a region of northwestern Italy.
Piedmont was the springboard for Italy's unification in 1859-1861, following earlier unsuccessful wars against the Austrian Empire in 1820-1821 and 1848-1849.
One remaining recognition of Piedmont's historical role was that the crown prince of Italy was known as the Prince of Piedmont.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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