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This article is about the baked good, for other uses see Pie (disambiguation).
A slice cut from an apple pie

A pie is a baked dish, with a baked shell usually made of pastry that covers or completely contains a filling of meat, fish, vegetables, fruit, cheeses, creams, chocolate, custards, nuts, or other sweet or savoury ingredients. Pies can be either "one-crust," where the filling is placed in a dish and covered with a pastry/potato mash top before baking, or "two-crust," with the filling completely enclosed in the pastry shell. Some pies have only a bottom crust, generally if they have a sweet filling that does not require cooking. These bottom-crust-only pies may be known as tarts or tartlets. One example of a savoury bottom-crust-only pie is a quiche. Tarte Tatin is a one-crust fruit pie that is served upside-down, with the crust underneath. Blind-baking is used to develop a crust's crispiness, and keep it from becoming soggy under the burden of a very liquid filling. If the crust of the pie requires much more cooking than the chosen filling, it may also be blind-baked before the filling is added and then only briefly cooked or refrigerated. PIE, Pie or pie can refer to: pie: A type of food: see pie. ... Image File history File links FoodApplePie. ... Image File history File links FoodApplePie. ... In cooking, an apple pie is a fruit cake in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ... Pastry is the name given to various kinds of dough made from ingredients such as flour, butter, shortening, baking powder and/or eggs that are rolled out thinly and used as the base for baked goods. ... Various meats Cold Meat Salad Meat, in its broadest modern definition, is all animal tissue intended to be used as food. ... The Guppy, also known as guppie (Poecilia reticulata) is one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species in the world. ... η Vegetables in a Market Venn diagram representing the relationship between (botanical) fruits and vegetables. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the curdled milk of cows, goats, sheep, water buffalo or other mammals. ... Cream is a dairy product that is composed of the higher-fat layer skimmed from the top of raw milk before homogenization. ... Chocolate most commonly comes in dark, milk, and white varieties, with cocoa solids contributing to the brown coloration. ... Custard is a family of preparations based on milk and eggs, thickened with heat. ... Hazelnuts from the Common Hazel Chestnut // Botanical definition A nut in botany is a simple dry fruit with one seed (rarely two) in which the ovary wall becomes very hard (stony or woody) at maturity, and where the seed remains unattached or unfused with the ovary wall. ... Look up Tart in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mediterranean quiche In cooking, a quiche is a pie made primarily of eggs and cream in a pastry crust. ... Tarte Tatin is an upside down apple tart characterised by its layer of caramelized sugar. ... The term blind-baking refers to the process of baking of a pie crust without the pie filling. ...


Pie fillings range in size from tiny bite-size party pies or small tartlets, to single-serve pies (e.g. a pasty) and larger pies baked in a dish and eaten by the slice. The type of pastry used depends on the filling. It may be either a butter-rich flaky or puff pastry, a sturdy shortcrust pastry, or, in the case of savoury pies, a hot water crust pastry. A pasty from Cornwall A pasty (Cornish: Pasti, Hoggan, incorrectly written as pastie) is a type of pie, originally from Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Apple turnover, made with puff pastry In baking, a puff pastry (pâte feuilletée) is a light, flaky pastry made from dough of the same name. ... Shortcrust pastry is a type of pastry often used for the base of a tart or a pie. ... Hot water crust is a type of pastry used for savoury pies, such as pork pies and steak and kidney pies. ...


Occasionally the term pie is used to refer to otherwise unrelated confections containing a sweet or savoury filling, such as Eskimo pie or moon pie. The term confectionery refers to food items rich in sugar. ... Eskimo Pie is a brand name for a chocolate-covered vanilla ice cream bar wrapped in foil, the first such dessert sold in the United States. ... A moon pie is a modern-day pastry food, invented during the first half of the 20th century. ...

Contents


Regional variations

Some pies of British origin, such as shepherd's pie, have a shell or covering constructed of mashed potato. Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Shepherds Pie Shepherds pie is a traditional British dish that consists of a bottom layer of minced (ground) lamb in gravy covered with mashed potato and (often) a layer of cheese. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, commonly grown for its starchy tuber. ...


Pies with sweet fillings may be served with a scoop of ice cream, in a style known in North America as à la mode. The French phrase or term à la mode, often used in English, has two meanings: according to the current style or fashion (literally, to the mode) served with ice cream, most often used with pie (especially apple pie) See also: list of French phrases used by English speakers This is a...


The Australian meat pie, beef and gravy in a shortcrust piecase, often with a flakey top, has an iconic cultural status, being held to be the Australian National Food. The many different types of small commercially-produced pies are popular forms of takeaway food in Australia and New Zealand, with one of the most widespread brands in Australia being Four'N'Twenty. Many bakeries and specialty stores sell gourmet pies for the more discriminating customer. A peculiarity of Adelaide cuisine is the Pie floater. In New Zealand, pie is a common part of a workday lunch. A typical Australian Meat pie with Tomato Sauce The meat pie, hand-sized pot pies containing largely minced meat and gravy and consumed as a takeaway food snack, is considered iconic in Australian culture and has been described by former New South Wales Premier Bob Carr as Australias national... Take-out, carry-out ( in American English ) or take-away ( in British English ) is food purchased at a restaurant but eaten elsewhere. ... The FourN Twenty Meat Pie was invented in Bendigo by LT. McLure in 1947. ... Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia, with a population of over 1. ... Pie floater A pie floater is a meal served at pie carts in Adelaide and elsewhere in South Australia. ... Lunch is a meal that is taken in the early afternoon. ...


Pies with fillings such as pork, steak and kidney, minced beef and onion, or chicken and mushroom are popular in the UK as take-away snacks. They are also served with chips as an alternative to fish and chips at British chip shops. The residents of Wigan are so renowned for their preference for this food-stuff that they are often referred to as "Pie Eaters" (though the historical reasons for this title are disputed). In honour of this, the main ingredient of a 'Wigan kebab' is the pie, which is placed in a barm cake to make up the locally popular delicacy. Shepherds Pie is also a favourite amongst people in Northern England. Pork pie is a traditional British food. ... A steak & kidney pie, as served in a pub Oh, my. ... Ground beef Ground beef, or, in British English beef mince, is a meat product, made of beef finely chopped by a meat grinder. ... Binomial name Allium cepa L. Onion in the general sense can be used for any plant in the Genus Allium but used without qualifiers usually means Allium cepa, also called the garden onion. ... Trinomial name Gallus gallus domesticus A chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated bird which is often raised as a type of poultry. ... Basidiocarps (mushrooms) of the fungus Leucocoprinus sp. ... Although widely available, fish and chips have become particularly popular in seaside towns. ... Map sources for Wigan at grid reference SD583055 Wigan is a large town in the North West of England, in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, lying in the historic county of Lancashire. ...


As with dumplings, many cultures have independently discovered pies as a useful and delicious way to utilize otherwise useless ingredients left over in the household. A dumpling may be any of a wide variety of dishes, both sweet and savoury, in several different cuisines. ...


History

The pie has been around since the ancient Egyptians from 2000 B.C. At some point between 1400 B.C. (Greek settlements) and 600 B.C. (the decline of Egypt) the pie is believed to have passed on to the Greeks by the Egyptians.


From Greece the pie spread to Rome somewhere around 100 B.C. by which time pies had already been around for some 1000 years. The first known pie recipe came from the Romans and was for a rye-crusted goat cheese and honey pie.


Pies appeared in England in the 12th century and were predominantly meat pies. The crust of the pie was referred to as the “coffyn” and there was generally more crust than filling. Sometimes these pies were made with fowl and the legs were left outside the pie to act as handles. For a long time the pastry crust was actually not eaten, serving only to preserve the moisture and flavour of the filling.


A French chef named Guillaume Tirel produced a cookery book in the 14th Century that included a recipe for marinated and sautéed eel which was used for the Christian Lent period when it was forbidden to eat meat.


Pies went to America with the first English settlers. As in Roman times the early American pie crusts were not eaten, but simply designed to hold the filling. Today, virtually every country in the World has some form of pie but Australia remains a dominant force when it comes to innovation and quality of pies.


Pie in popular culture

Cream filled or topped pies are favourite props for humour, particularly when aimed at the pompous. Throwing a pie in a person's face has been a staple of film comedy since the early days of the medium, and real life pranksters have taken to targeting politicians and celebrities with their pies, an act called pieing. Activists sometimes engage in the pieing of political and social targets as well. One such group is the Biotic Baking Brigade. "Pieing" can result in injury to the target and assault or more serious charges against the pie throwers [1]. In Des Moines, Iowa, in 1977, singer and anti-gay-rights activist Anita Bryant became one of the first persons to be "pied" as a political act. See List of people who have been pied. Pieing is the act of throwing a throwing a pie at someone. ... The Biotic Baking Brigade is a loosely connected group of activists, famous for throwing pies in the faces of such figures as Bill Gates, San Francisco mayor Willie Brown, anti-gay preacher Fred Phelps, economist Milton Friedman, Swedish King Carl Gustaf, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, conservative journalist William... Flag Nickname: Hartford of the West, DSM Location Location in the State of Iowa Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Iowa Polk County Incorporated September 22, 1851 Mayor Frank Cownie Geographical characteristics Area     City 200. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... Anita Bryant (born March 25, 1940, in Barnsdall, Oklahoma) is an American singer who made a series of television commercials for Florida orange juice. ... These people have been pied (follow the numbered links to see an article, photo, or video): People pied in political or social protests Bill Gates, who was pied in 1998, said afterword that the pie just wasnt that good. ...


Pie is regularly referenced in many contexts, often to inexplicably humorous ends. Pie itself may be an inherently funny word, or it may be that it is the thought of actual pie which adds humour to a situation. In any case, the following are but a few of the innumerable pop culture references to pie that could be listed. The belief that certain words are inherently funny, for reasons ranging from onomatopoeia to sexual innuendo, is widespread among people who work in humor. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in any given society. ...

  • In the popular American cartoon, Spongebob Squarepants, the title character once claimed that everybody loves pie.
  • In British popular culture, a person who is overweight is often subject to the chant of, "Who ate all the pies"
  • Garrison Keillor's radio show A Prairie Home Companion regularly thanks a fictional sponsor named Beebopareebop Rhubarb Pie, which supposedly sells frozen rhubarb pies.
  • Weebl and Bob also made popular the use of the word pie, using it as a main topic in nearly all of their episodes. Examples include going to "Pikea", eating pie, pie scented cleaner etc.
  • In the popular American comedy, American Pie, one character describes the vagina as feeling like "Warm apple pie." This makes another character, Jim, succumb to the temptation of having sex with a pie and embarrasingly get caught in the act.

Who Ate All the Pies? is a famous football chant sung by fans in Britain; although not prescriptively so, it is usually sung to the tune of Knees Up Mother Brown and is aimed at supposedly overweight footballers, officials or opposing supporters. ... Garrison Keillor Garrison Keillor (born Gary Edward Keillor on August 7, 1942) is an American author, humorist, columnist, musician, satirist, and radio personality. ... Prudence Johnson and Garrison Keillor live on-stage at Shelburne, Vermont as part of the 2005 Rhubarb tour A Prairie Home Companion is a live radio variety show created and hosted by Garrison Keillor. ... Prudence Johnson and Garrison Keillor live on-stage at Shelburne, Vermont as part of the 2005 Rhubarb tour A Prairie Home Companion is a live radio variety show created and hosted by Garrison Keillor. ... Rhubarb pie was originally known as a savory type of pie, and is indigenous to areas of plant vegetation. ... This article is the current Macromedia Flash Cartoon Collaboration of the week. ... American Pie is the title of several works: American Pie (song) American Pie (album) American Pie (movie series) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Savoury pies

Not all of these savoury pies are actually pies: for example, a pizza pie is a pie in name only. A Pizza Margherita made in Naples (Napoli), Italy. ...

The Bacon and egg pie contains bacon, egg and often onion. ... Chicken and mushroom pie is a common British pie, often served in fish and chip restaurants. ... Corned beef pie is one of the most common British pies. ... Shepherds Pie is a traditional dish originating in England that consists of a bottom layer of minced (ground) lamb in gravy covered with mashed potato and a layer of cheese. ... Kalakukko is a traditional Savonian food made out of fish baked inside a bread. ... Meat and potato pie is a popular variation of pie eaten in Lancashire and Cumbria in England. ... A mince pie A mince pie is a traditional British sweet pastry, usually consumed during the Christmas and New Year period. ... A pasty from Cornwall A pasty (Cornish: Pasti, Hoggan, incorrectly written as pastie) is a type of pie, originally from Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... This article is about the bread pie. ... Pork pie is a traditional British food. ... ... A Scotch pie is a double-crust mutton pie originating in Scotland but also popular in England. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Shepherds Pie Shepherds pie is a traditional British dish that consists of a bottom layer of minced (ground) lamb in gravy covered with mashed potato and (often) a layer of cheese. ... Stargazy pie is a Cornish dish made of baked pilchards covered with a pastry crust. ... A steak pie is a traditional meat pie served in Scotland. ... A steak & kidney pie, as served in a pub Oh, my. ... In cooking, an apple pie is a fruit cake in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ...

Sweet pies

A homemade cherry pie with a lattice top
A homemade cherry pie with a lattice top

Some of these pies are pies in name only, such as the Boston cream pie, which is a cake. Image File history File linksMetadata Cherry_pie. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cherry_pie. ...

Pie a la mode is a pie (traditionally an apple pie) with a scoop of ice cream on top. The name of the pie was invented in mid-1890s in the United States. In cooking, an apple pie is a fruit cake in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ... Banoffee pie is a dessert made from biscuits, bananas, butter, cream and boiled condensed milk (or dulce de leche). ... Blackberry pie is pie composed of blackberry filling, usually in the form of either blackberry jam, actual blackberries themselves, or some combination thereof. ... Blueberry pie is pie composed of blueberry filling, usually in the form of either blueberry jam, actual blueberries themselves, or some combination thereof. ... The Boston cream pie is actually a cake, not a pie. ... Polish Cheesecake A cheesecake is a sweet, cheese-based dessert. ... Chess pie is a dessert characteristic of Southern U.S. cuisine. ... A cream pie is a type of pie made of cream, and can be made with vanilla, peach, lime, banana, coconut, chocolate, or other flavors. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The basis of Dutch apple pie is a crust on the bottom and around the edges. ... Key lime pie is a dessert made of key lime juice, eggs, condensed milk and sugar in a pre-baked pie or unbaked graham cracker crust. ... Lemon meringue pie is a dessert made with a pastry base, lemon curd filling and a fluffy meringue topping. ... Lemon pie is traditionally a type of pie created from lemons. ... For to Make Tartys in Applis, 18th-century print of a 14th-century recipe In cooking, an apple pie or apple tart is a fruit pie (or tart) in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ... Pecan pie is a sweet custard pie made primarily of pecans and corn syrup. ... Pumpkin pie Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Pumpkin pie Pumpkin pie is a traditional American and Canadian dessert usually made in the late fall and early winter, especially for Halloween, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. ... Rhubarb pie was originally known as a savory type of pie, and is indigenous to areas of plant vegetation. ... Strawberry-rhubarb pie is a late-spring dessert pie, often combining the last rhubarb of the season with the first of the strawberries. ... Shoofly pie (or shoo-fly pie) is a molasses pie considered traditional among the Pennsylvania Dutch and also known in Southern cooking. ... Molasses or treacle is a thick, syrupy derivative of the juice of the sugarcane plant or the processing of sugar beet. ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pie
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Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject:
Pie

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pies Recipes - Baking - All Recipes (400 words)
This pie has the flavor of a pecan pie, but without the pecans and with cream cheese to make it a unique dessert offering.
Frozen spinach and a prepared pie shell are shortcuts that make this savory spinach and cheese quiche a family-friendly weeknight main dish.
For this lovely pie, sweet potatoes are boiled, peeled and mashed together with butter, sugar, milk and eggs, then seasoned with nutmeg, cinnamon and vanilla.
Pie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1177 words)
Tarte Tatin is a one-crust fruit pie that is served upside-down, with the crust underneath.
A peculiarity of Adelaide cuisine is the Pie floater.
Pie itself may be an inherently funny word, or it may be that it is the thought of actual pie which adds humour to a situation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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