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Encyclopedia > Pico de Orizaba
Pico de Orizaba

Citlaltépetl from above Xometla
Elevation 5,636 metres (18,490 ft)[1]
Location Veracruz-Puebla,Mexico
Prominence 4,922 m (16,150 ft) Ranked 7th
Coordinates 19°01′48″N 97°16′12″W / 19.03, -97.27Coordinates: 19°01′48″N 97°16′12″W / 19.03, -97.27
Type Stratovolcano
Volcanic arc/belt Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Last eruption 1687
First ascent 1848 by F. Maynard & G. Reynolds
Easiest route snow/ice climb
Listing Volcanic Seven Summits

The Pico de Orizaba, or Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlal(in) = star, and tepētl = mountain), is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest in North America. It rises 5,636 meters (18,490 feet) above sea level in the eastern end of the Eje Volcánico Transversal mountain range, on the border between the states of Veracruz and Puebla. It is currently dormant but not extinct; the last eruptions occurred in 1687, with previous eruptions in 1630, 1613, 1569, 1566, 1545-65? and 1537. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of mountains ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount St. ... Mariana Islands, an oceanic island arc Cascade Volcanic Arc, a continental volcanic arc A volcanic arc is a chain of volcanic islands or mountains formed by plate tectonics as an oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another tectonic plate and produces magma. ... A volcanic belt is a district of volcanoes, located in a certain area. ... The Trans-Mexican volcanic belt (Eje Volcánico Transversal) is a mountain range that extends 900 km from west to east across central Mexico. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... There are many notable lists of mountains around the world. ... The Volcanic Seven Summits on an Elevation World Map. ... Nahuatl ( [1] is a term applied to a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan [2] branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, indigenous to central Mexico. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... The following is a ranked list of the highest independent mountains in North America. ... North American redirects here. ... The Trans-Mexican volcanic belt (Eje Volcánico Transversal) is a mountain range that extends 900 km from west to east across central Mexico. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ...

Contents

General Information

The Pico overlooks the valley and city of Orizaba, from which it gets its name. The name Citlaltépetl is not used by Nahuatl speakers of the Orizaba area, who instead call it Istaktepetl (Iztactépetl in the traditional orthography for Classical Nahuatl) 'White Mountain'. Orizaba is a city in Veracruz, Mexico. ... hello how are you This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


A regionally dominant peak, and in fact the highest peak between Colombia and the Yukon, the Pico de Orizaba is ranked 7th in the world in topographic prominence. It is the second most prominent volcanic peak in the world after Africa's Mount Kilimanjaro. Although it is about 110 km (75 miles) inland, to the west of the port of Veracruz, its peak is visible to ships approaching the port in the Gulf of Mexico, and at dawn rays of sunlight strike the Pico while Veracruz still lies in shadow. This article is about the Canadian territory. ... This is a list of mountains ordered by their topographic prominence. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... The Volcanic Seven Summits on an Elevation World Map. ... For other uses, see Kilimanjaro (disambiguation). ... Veracruz is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


The peak is one of three volcanoes that contain permanent snow and glaciers in Mexico. The others are Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl. This article is about the geological formation. ... Popocatépetl (commonly referred to as El Popo or Don Goyo) (IPA: ) is an active volcano and the second highest peak in Mexico after the Pico de Orizaba (5,610m). ... Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl, or either variant spelled without the accent) (IPA: or, as spelled with the x, IPA: ), is the third highest mountain in Mexico, after the Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m) and Popocatépetl (5,426 m). ...


A companion peak lying about six km to the southeast of the Pico de Orizaba is the Sierra Negra, at 4,640 metres (15,223 ft). This subsidiary peak, though far lower than its massive neighbor, is still higher than anything in the 48 contiguous states of the U.S., and on its summit, serviced by the highest road in North America, is one of the world's premier astronomical instruments, the Large Millimeter Telescope. The Sierra Negra (also, and perhaps more properly, called Cerro La Negra) is a companion peak of Mexicos highest mountain, the Pico de Orizaba. ... The Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT) is a telescope being built for observing radio waves in the wave lengths from 1 to 4 mm. ...


The Pico de Orizaba was important in such pre-Hispanic cultures as those of the Nahuatl-speaking Aztecs and the Totonacs. Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic... The Totonac people resided in the eastern coastal and mountainous regions of Mexico at the time of the Spanish arrival in 1519. ...


The summit and its surrounding foothills are part of a national park. There are many routes for approaching and climbing the volcano, and many people visit it. This article is about national parks. ...


Picture gallery

See also

Major volcanoes in Mexico
  • Orizaba
  • List of volcanoes
  • List of highest mountains of North America
  • Mountain peaks of México
  • Mountain peaks of North America

Image File history File links Map_mexico_volcanoes. ... Image File history File links Map_mexico_volcanoes. ... Orizaba is a city in Veracruz, Mexico. ... This is a list of lists of active and extinct volcanoes sorted by country. ... The following is a ranked list of the highest independent mountains in North America. ... The summit of Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl), a stratovolcano on the boundary between the Puebla and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, is the highest peak of México. ... Mount McKinley (Denali) in Alaska is the highest peak of North America. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ The elevation given here is based on a modern survey by a GPS professional. See [1], details of the survey are on page 23. The elevation given by INEGI mapping is 5,611 m. Higher elevations given by various other authorities (including the 5,747 m claimed by the National Geographic Society) are incorrect.

san luis rio colorado ...

References

  • Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program: Pico de Orizaba
  • Yarza de la Torre, Esperanza (1971). Volcanes de México. Aguilar, 237 pp.  (in Spanish)
  • Secor, R. J. (2001). Mexico's Volcanoes: A Climbing Guide (3rd ed.). Mountaineers Books, 160 pp. ISBN 0-89886-798-3. 

The Mountaineers is an outdoor recreation and awareness group based in Seattle, Washington and is the third largest group of its kind in the country. ...

External links



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