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Encyclopedia > Piccolo
Piccolo
Piccolo
Classification
Playing range
Related instruments

The piccolo (sometimes picollo)[1] is a small flute. Its name in Italian is "flauto piccolo" which means "small flute." Like the flute, the piccolo is normally pitched in the key of C, one octave above the concert flute (making it, effectively, a sopranino flute). Music for the piccolo is written one octave lower than concert pitch. Fingerings on the piccolo correspond to those of the flute, but sound an octave higher as the piccolo is half the size of the flute. Also, many alternate fingerings may be used to tune the individual pitches, as many are consistently out of tune. In addition to the standard C piccolo, there is a piccolo pitched in Db that is sometimes used in bands, and one in A-flat, rarely used outside Italian marching bands. A piccolo is a small flute. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1474x642, 72 KB) Summary Description: Yamaha YPC32 piccolo. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at the end of the resonator. ... An aerophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. ... The playing range of a musical instrument is the region of pitch in which it can play, i. ... Image File history File links Range_piccolo. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... A bass flute The bass flute is the bass member of the flute family. ... The contra-alto flute (also called subcontrabass flute in G or subcontrabass flute) is one of the largest instruments in the flute family. ... Contrabass flutes in G and C The contrabass flute (sometimes also called octobass flute) is one of the rarer members of the flute family. ... The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called octobass flute or subcontrabass flute) is the largest and lowest pitched flute in the world. ... The hyperbass flute (sometimes spelled hyper-bass flute) is the largest and lowest instrument in the flute family. ... â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... In music theory, the key identifies the tonic triad, the chord, major or minor, which represents the final point of rest for a piece, or the focal point of a section. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ... An American college marching band on the field (University of Texas) A marching band is a group of instrumental musicians who generally perform outdoors, and who incorporate movement â€“ usually some type of marching â€“ with their musical performance. ...



jfjkfklhus, it is often used only as an ornamental, "flavor" or "garnish" instrument, or not at all. Nonetheless, there have been many concertos and solo pieces written for the piccolo, written by notable composers such as Persichetti, Vivaldi, and Todd Goodman. (Vivaldi’s concertos, however, were originally for the sopranino recorder). One of the earliest pieces to use the piccolo was Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. Triple-woodwind orchestral works typically include two flutes and one piccolo or three flutes with a piccolo double. Not all flute players play piccolo, although most professional players do. Though the fingerings are the same, the embouchure and other differences do require a separate effort to learn. Also, flute players with large fingers may find it difficult to press the smaller piccolo keys accurately. Various recorders The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument of the family known as fipple flutes or internal duct flutes — whistle-like instruments which include the tin whistle and ocarina. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony No. ... The embouchure is the use of facial muscles and the shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece of a wind instrument. ...


The piccolo can be quite noticeable in concert marches. For example, John Philip Sousa's "Stars and Stripes Forever" carries a notable piccolo solo that has delighted audiences of all ages. Portrait of John Philip Sousa taken in 1900 John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known particularly for American military marches. ... The Stars and Stripes Forever is a patriotic American march. ...


It is increasingly difficult to sustain notes in the third octave, especially softly.


ng musicians that defines a minor second as “two piccolos playing in unison”. Its small size makes it difficult to construct completely in tune and causes what would be small pitch variances in larger instruments to become rather significant. The fact that it is so high does not help as it is rather conspicuous when out of tune. A minor second is the smallest of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the major second and the augmented second, which are larger by one and two semitones respectively. ... For other uses, see Unison (disambiguation). ...


Piccolos may be constructed out of wood, metal, plastic, or a combination. Many piccolo players find that wooden piccolos offer a more mellow timbre than metal ones. A popular compromise combines a metal head joint with a body made from wood. In more recent years the piccolo has also been made out of a plastic composite material. The composite piccolo is durable enough for marching and produces a fair quality sound. Most professionals agree that a piccolo should be made out of only one material, as two separate materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion lead to tuning inconsistencies. In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ...

Contents

Traditional use

Historically the piccolo had no keys, but does today, and should not be confused with the fife, or classical piccolo, which has a smaller bore and is therefore more strident. The piccolo is used in conjunction with marching drums in traditional formations at the Carnival of Basel, Switzerland. Fife from the American Civil War A fife is a small, high-pitched, transverse flute that is similar to the piccolo, but louder and shriller due to its narrower bore. ... Different kinds of Basler drums The Basler drum is a kind of snare drum traditionally used in Switzerland for marching music. ... The Carnival of Basel (Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland. ...


Book sources

  • Kennan, Kent Wheeler. The Technique of Orchestration New York: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1952: 88 - 91
  • Sadie, Stanley "Piccolo." The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie, Vol. 19. NY: Oxford University Press, 2001.

See also

Piccolo trumpet in B-flat, with swappable leadpipes to tune the instrument to B-flat (shorter) or A (longer) The smallest of the trumpet family is the piccolo trumpet (picc or pixie in trumpeter slang). ... ♠ This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... The treble flute is a member of the flute family. ... The Western concert flute is a tranverse (or side-blown) flute, a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... The flûte damour or flauto damore is pitched in either A or B-flat and is intermediate in size between the modern C concert flute, and the alto flute in G. It is the mezzo soprano member of the flute family. ... The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... A bass flute The bass flute is the bass member of the flute family. ... The contra-alto flute (also called subcontrabass flute in G or subcontrabass flute) is one of the largest instruments in the flute family. ... Contrabass flutes in G and C The contrabass flute (sometimes also called octobass flute) is one of the rarer members of the flute family. ... The subcontrabass flute is one of the largest instruments in the flute family. ... The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called octobass flute or subcontrabass flute) is the largest and lowest pitched flute in the world. ... The hyperbass flute (sometimes spelled hyper-bass flute) is the largest and lowest instrument in the flute family. ...

References

  1. ^ Instruments at http://www.privatelessons.com/

  Results from FactBites:
 
Piccolo XML Parser for Java (200 words)
Piccolo is a small, extremely fast XML parser for Java.
Piccolo was developed by Yuval Oren and is released as open source software under the terms of the Apache Software License 2.0.
Piccolo was developed using modified versions of the parser generator tools JFlex and BYACC/J.
Piccolo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (498 words)
In addition to the standard C piccolo, there is a piccolo pitched in D flat that is sometimes used in bands and a piccolo pitched in A flat rarely used outside Italian marching bands.
The piccolo is somewhat notorious for being difficult to play in tune, as evidenced by the joke circulating among musicians that defines a minor second as "two piccolos playing in unison".
The piccolo is used in conjunction with marching drums in traditional formations at the carnival of Basel, Switzerland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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