FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 


FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:



(* = Graphable)



Encyclopedia > Piano Sonata No. 23 (Beethoven)

Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor, opus 57, colloquially known as the Appassionata, is considered one of the three great piano sonatas of his middle period (the others being the Waldstein sonata, opus 53 and the Lebewohl (Les adieux) sonata, opus 81a). It was composed during 1804, 1805, and perhaps 1806, and is dedicated to Count Franz von Brunswick. The first edition was published in February 1807 in Vienna. Ludwig van Beethoven (pronounced ) (baptized December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827) was a German composer and pianist. ... Opus is a Latin word which means work (in the sense of a work of art). Some composers musical pieces are identified by opus numbers which generally run either in order of composition or in order of publication. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Piano Sonata No. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Piano Sonata No. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Vienna (German: Wien ; Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian: Beč, Czech: Vídeň, Hungarian: Bécs, Greek: Βιέννη, Romanian: Viena, Romani: Bech or Vidnya, Russian: Вена, Slovak: Viedeň, Slovenian: Dunaj, Dutch: Wenen) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...

While the early Sonata No. 8, Pathétique, was named by Beethoven himself, the Appassionata was so labeled in 1838 by the publisher of a four-hand arrangement of the work. Ludwig van Beethovens Piano Sonata No. ...

The Appassionata was reportedly Beethoven's favorite among his 32 piano sonatas.[verification needed]

An average performance of all three movements of the Appassionata sonata lasts about 23 minutes.


The sonata has three movements:

  1. Allegro assai
  2. Andante con moto - attacca
  3. Allegro, ma non troppo - Presto

The first movement is a sonata-allegro with no repeats in 12/8 time and roughly 10 minutes long. The movment moves quickly through startling changes in tone and sudden changes in dynamics, and is characterised by an economic use of themes. The main theme, in octaves two octaves apart, is quiet and ominous. It has an odd rhythm, somewhat like a dotted rhythm, except with a 5:6 ratio instead of 3:4, that is difficult to play. Just after a four bars the main theme is repeated in A-flat major creating a great contrast. There is a short but important recurrent four note motiv reminiscent of the main theme in Beethoven's Symphony No. 5. The main theme is repeated fortissimo in big chords. In the recapitulation the fortissimo outbreak is triumphantly shifted to F-major. The second theme begins as a free inversion of the main theme. As in Beethoven's Waldstein-sonata the coda is unusually long. The choice of F-minor becomes very clear when one realizes that this movement makes frequent use of the deep, dark tone of the lowest F on the piano, which was the lowest note available to Beethoven at the time. Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony No. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Piano Sonata No. ...

The second movement is a theme and variations on a slow, quiet, hymn-like tune in D-flat major, comprising two eight-bar sections that both repeat. The variations are as follows:

  • similar to the original theme, with the left hand playing on the off-beats.
  • an embellishment of the theme in sixteenth notes.
  • a rapid embellishment in thirty-second notes. Instead of repeating, the left hand and right hand each take sections of the theme in turn.
  • a reprise of the original theme, with small changes. Instead of ending on a quiet note, the closing fortissimo diminshed 7th chord strikes like a thunderbolt and leads without pause into the third movement. Beethoven ends the third movement of his Symphony No. 5 with unresolved tension. Without pause between movements, the fourth movement follows with triumphant fanfare. Likewise here, there is also a brief moment of unresolved tension ending this middle movement (a more brief delay than in the Fifth).

The third movement is a sonata-allegro in which, very unusually, only the second part is directed to be repeated. The movement is based on a perpetuum mobile theme, with rapid sixteenth notes that only are interrupted for brief moments in the development and coda. The movement is mysteriously complex and fast-paced in nature. It has some short some melodic fragments and canons. The movement has been called many things by music critics — passionate, despairing, and breath-taking. Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony No. ...

External links

  • Creation History and Discussion of Musical Content
  • Analysis of Beethoven's Appassionata Sonata on the All About Ludwig van Beethoven Page
  • Further analysis at BBC Radio 3
  • Public domain score and midi file of the 2nd movement on Mutopia
Piano Sonatas by Ludwig van Beethoven
Op. 2 No. 1 | Op. 2 No. 2 | Op. 2 No. 3 | Op. 7 | Op. 10 No. 1 | Op. 10 No. 2 | Op. 10 No. 3 | Op. 13 (Pathetique) | Op. 14 No. 1 | Op. 14 No. 2 | Op. 22 | Op. 26 | Op. 27 No. 1 (Quasi una fantasia) | Op. 27 No. 2 (Quasi una fantasia — Moonlight) | Op. 28 (Pastoral) | Op. 31 No. 1 | Op. 31 No. 2 (Tempest) | Op. 31 No. 3 | Op. 49 Nos. 1 and 2 | Op. 53 (Waldstein) | Op. 54 | Op. 57 (Appassionata) | Op. 78 (A Therese) | Op. 79 | Op. 81a (Les adieux) | Op. 90 | Op. 101 | Op. 106 (Hammerklavier) | Op. 109 | Op. 110 | Op. 111



Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m