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Encyclopedia > Physical trauma
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In medicine, a trauma patient has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death. Medicine on the Web NLM (National Library of Medicine, contains resources for patients and healthcare professionals) Virtual Hospital (digital health sciences library by the University of Iowa) Online Medical Dictionary Collection of links to free medical resources Categories: Medicine | Health ... In medicine, shock (hypoperfusion) is a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by inability of the body to supply enough oxygen to meet tissue requirements. ... Respiratory failure is a medical term for inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system. ... Jump to: navigation, search Death is the cessation of physical life in a living organism or the state of the organism after that event. ...


Trauma patients require specialized care, including surgery and often blood transfusion, within the so-called Golden Hour of emergency medicine, or sixty minutes. This is not a strict deadline, but recognises that many deaths which could have been prevented by appropriate care occur a relatively short time after injury. In many places organized trauma referral systems have been set up to provide rapid care for injured people. Research has shown that deaths from physical trauma decline where there are organized trauma systems. A typical modern surgery operation For other meanings of the word, see Surgery (disambiguation) Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia - lit. ... Blood transfusion is the taking of blood or blood-based products from one individual and inserting them into the circulatory system of another. ... In emergency medicine the golden hour is the first sixty minutes after an accident or the onset of acute illness. ...


In the field, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, and sometimes specialized nurses, known as 'first responders', use stabilization techniques to improve the chances of a trauma patient surviving the ambulance trip to the hospital. Professionals begin performing a primary survey, consisting of assessment of airway, breathing, and circulation (called the "ABC's"). The purpose of the primary survey is to identify life-threatening problems. Ensuring that the injured person is not disabled by unnecessary movement of the spine is paramount, so the neck and back are secured before moving the patient. Unless the victim is in imminent danger of death, first responders will usually perform a load and go, transporting the victim immediately to the nearest appropriate trauma-equipped hospital. An emergency medical technician (EMT) is an emergency responder trained to provide emergency medical services (EMS) to the critically ill and injured. ... Typical view of the defibrillator operator. ... A nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing. ... Stabilization is a process to help prevent shock in sick or injured people. ... Ambulance An ambulance is a vehicle designated for the transport of sick or injured people. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ...


Upon completion of the primary survey, the secondary survey is begun. This may occur during transport or upon arrival at the hospital. The secondary survey consists of a systematic assessment of the abdominal, pelvic and thoracic viscera, complete inspection of the body surface to find all injuries, and neurological exam. The purpose of the secondary survey is to identify all injuries so that they may be treated. A missed injury is one which is not found during the initial assessment (for example, as a patient is brought into a hospital's Emergency Department), but rather manifests itself at a later point in time, sometimes with baleful consequences (i.e., a liver laceration is sometimes missed and a patient sent home, who will abruptly go into shock shortly thereafter.)


The appropriate first aid for a trauma patient is to immediately call for help using the emergency medical service, then treat for shock. Do not move the victim unless failure to do so would create a greater risk to their life (i.e. hazardous chemicals or a spreading fire). Also see wilderness first aid if immediate emergency help is unavailable. First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... Call for help - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Emergency medical service (known by the acronym of EMS in the USA and Canada) is a branch of medicine that is performed in the field, pre-hospital, (i. ... In medicine, shock (hypoperfusion) is a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by inability of the body to supply enough oxygen to meet tissue requirements. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into First aid. ...


Recent studies

Recently there have been some new studies into how to treat physical trauma from comparing different pratices and experiences in military conflicts. For example in the Falklands War the British military lost most their helicopter support when the Atlantic Conveyor was sunk by an Argentine Exocet, resulting in no fast way to exit the wounded from the battlefield. Therefore any soldier who suffered wounds lay where they fell in bitterly cold weather for hours with no blood transfusion, surgery or medication available. The opposite scenario occurred in the Vietnam War in which wounded soldiers were quickly airlifted from the battlefield, kept warm and given aggressive medical treatment. The interesting statistic that is being analysed is why the casualty to fatality ratio in the Falklands War was significantly lower that in the Vietnam War. The Falklands War or the Malvinas War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas), was an armed conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands (also known in Spanish as the Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, between March and June of 1982. ... The Atlantic Conveyor laden with Sea Harriers off the coast of Ascension Island. ... The Exocet is a French-built anti-ship missile made in various versions capable of being launched from surface ships and boats, submarines, and airplanes. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Vietnam War or Second Indochina War was a conflict between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN, or North Vietnam), allied with the National Liberation Front (NLF, or Viet Cong) against the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, or South Vietnam), and its allies—notably the United States...


See also

Clearing the cervical spine after blunt multitrauma is an important part of emergency medical care, aiming to avoid preventable quadriplegia due to undiagnosed unstable cervical spine injuries. ... Emergency medicine is a branch of medicine that is practiced in a hospital emergency department, in the field (in a modified form; see EMS), and other locations where initial medical treatment of illness takes place. ... Emergency medical service (known by the acronym of EMS in the USA and Canada) is a branch of medicine that is performed in the field, pre-hospital, (i. ... A trauma center is a hospital equipped to perform as a casualty receiving station for the emergency medical services by providing the best possible medical care for traumatic injuries on a 24 hour, 7 days per week, 365 days per year basis. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing. ... A typical modern surgery operation For other meanings of the word, see Surgery (disambiguation) Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia - lit. ... Fluid replacement or fluid resuscitation is the medical practice of replenishing bodily fluid lost through sweating, bleeding, fluid shifts or other pathologic processes. ... Moulage is the art of applying mock injuries for the purpose of training Emergency Response and other medical personnel. ... A wound is a physical trauma where the skin is torn, cut or punctured. ...

External links


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Physical trauma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (554 words)
In medicine, however, the words trauma patient usually refer to someone who has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury potentially resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death.
Trauma patients require specialized care, including surgery and sometimes blood transfusion, within the so-called golden hour of emergency medicine, the first sixty minutes after trauma occurs.
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