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Encyclopedia > Physical geography
True-color image of the Earth's surface and atmosphere
True-color image of the Earth's surface and atmosphere

Physical geography (also know as geosystems or physiography) is a subfield of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. It aims to understand the physical layout of the Earth, its weather and global flora and fauna patterns. Many areas of physical geography make use of geology, particularly in the study of weathering and erosion. The geology of other planets is discussed at geological features of the solar system. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x512, 222 KB) Land surface, ocean color, sea ice and clouds. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x512, 222 KB) Land surface, ocean color, sea ice and clouds. ... The movement of water around, over, and through the Earth is called the water cycle, a key process of the hydrosphere. ... The biosphere is the part of a planets outer shell — including air, land, surface rocks and water — within which life occurs, and which biotic processes in turn alter or transform. ... Layers of Atmosphere (NOAA) Air redirects here. ... The tectonic plates of the Lithosphere on Earth. ... In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Weathering is the process of disintegration of rocks, soils and their minerals through direct, or indirect contact with the atmosphere. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) by the agents of wind, water or ice, by downward or down-slope movement in response to gravity or by living organisms (in the case of... This is a directory of lists of geological features on other planets, moons and asteroids. ...


Physical geography as a scientific discipline is usually contrasted with and complemented by its sister science human geography. Population density by country, 2006 Human geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment, with particular reference to the causes and consequences of the spatial distribution of human activity on the Earths surface. ...


Fields of physical geography

Fields of physical geography Related fields
Geomorphology Landforms
Hydrology Water cycle, Water resources
Glaciology Glaciers
Biogeography Species
Climatology Climate
Pedology Soil
Coastal/Marine studies Coasts
Oceanography Oceans and seas
Geodesy Gravity, Magnetic fields
Palaeogeography Continental drift
Environmental geography Environmental science
Landscape ecology Nitrogen cycles

Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... The movement of water around, over, and through the Earth is called the water cycle. ... Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful to humans. ... Lateral moraine on a glacier joining the Gorner Glacier, Zermatt, Switzerland. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Climatology is the study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time, and is a branch of the atmospheric sciences. ... Pedology (pědǒlōgy), (from Russian: pedologiya, from the Greek pedon = soil, earth), is the study of soils and soil formation. ... Loess field in Germany Soil horizons are formed by combined biological, chemical and physical alterations. ... Coastal geography is the study of the dynamic interface between the ocean and the land, incorporating both the physical geography(i. ... Rugged coastline of the West Coast of New Zealand The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the ocean. ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology or marine science is the study of the Earths oceans and seas. ... The worlds oceans as seen from the South Pacific Ocean Oceans (from Okeanos in Greek, the ancient Greeks noticing the strong current that flowed off Gibraltar and assuming it was a great river) cover almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth, and nearly half of the... Sea as seen from jetty in Frankston, Australia Look up Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that geodetic system be merged into this article or section. ... Gravity is a force of attraction that acts between bodies that have mass. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Paleogeography (sometimes spelled palaeogeography) is the study of the ancient geologic environments of the Earths surface as preserved in the stratigraphic record. ... Continental drift, first proposed as a theory by Alfred Wegener in 1912, is the movement of the Earths continents relative to each other. ... Environmental geography is the branch of geography that describes the spatial aspects of interactions between humans and the natural world. ... jecca is very beautiful!! Environmental science is the study of the interactions among the physical, chemical and biological components of the environment; with a focus on pollution and degradation of the environment related due to human activities; and the impact on biodiversity and sustainability from local and global development. ... Landscape ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology and geography that is the study of spatial variation in interested in the of elements in the landscape (such as fields, hedgerows, woodlots, rivers or towns) and how their distribution affects the distribution and flow of energy and individuals in the environment (which... Schematic representation of the flow of Nitrogen through the environment. ...

External links

See also

  Physical geography  v  d  e 
Biogeography · Climatology & paleoclimatology · Coastal/Marine studies · Geodesy · Geomorphology · Glaciology · Hydrology & Hydrography · Landscape ecology · Limnology · Oceanography · Palaeogeography · Pedology · Quaternary Studies

  Results from FactBites:
 
Geography, Undergraduate - BSc Physical Geography F840 (1075 words)
This degree is perfect for you if you wish to specialise purely in physical geography, with training in key technical skills and options to study important contemporary issues in physical geography and the physical sciences.
In year two students take modules which are primarily grounded in physical geography, combining core modules with free choice modules which make up ‘pathways’ of specialisation in particular areas.
There are five physical geography pathways which students can choose to follow, allowing students to combine modules to suit their interests.
Geography - MSN Encarta (278 words)
The word geography was adopted in the 200s bc by the Greek scholar Eratosthenes and means “earth description.” Geographic study encompasses the environment of the earth's surface and the relationship of humans to this environment, which includes both physical and cultural geographic features.
Systematic geography is concerned with individual physical and cultural elements of the earth.
Regional geography is concerned with various areas of the earth, particularly the unique combinations of physical and cultural features that characterize each region and distinguish one region from another.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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