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Encyclopedia > Phycology

Phycology (or algology) (from Greek: φύκος, phykos, "seaweed"; and λόγος, logos, "knowledge"), a subdiscipline of botany, is the scientific study of algae. Algae are important as primary producers in aquatic ecosystems. Most algae are eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms that live in a wet environment. They are distinguished from the higher plants by a lack of true roots, stems or leaves. Many species are single-celled and microscopic (including phytoplankton and other microalgae); many others are multicellular to one degree or another, some of these growing to large size (for example, seaweeds such as kelp and Sargassum). Pinguicula grandiflora Example of a Cross Section of a Stem [1] Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ... Global oceanic and terrestrial photoautotroph abundance, from September 1997 to August 2000. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... Kingdoms Animalia - Animals Fungi Plantae - Plants Chromalveolata Protista Alternative phylogeny Unikonta Opisthokonta Metazoa Choanozoa Eumycota Amoebozoa Bikonta Apusozoa Cabozoa Rhizaria Excavata Corticata Archaeplastida Chromalveolata Animals, plants, fungi, and protists are eukaryotes (IPA: ), organisms whose cells are organized into complex structures by internal membranes and a cytoskeleton. ... The leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Root (disambiguation). ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Diagrams of some typical phytoplankton Phytoplankton are the autotrophic component of plankton. ... Microalgae are the most primitive form of plants. ... Multicellular organisms are those organisms containing more than one cell, and having differentiated cells that perform specialized functions. ... Seaweed covered rocks in the UK Phycologists consider seaweed to refer any of a large number of marine benthic algae that are multicellular, macrothallic (large-bodied), and thus differentiated from most algae that tend towards microscopic size (Smith, 1944). ... Insert non-formatted text hereLink title Families Alariaceae Chordaceae Laminariaceae Lessoniaceae Phyllariaceae Pseudochordaceae For other uses, see Kelp (disambiguation). ... Species Sargassum bacciferum, aka. ...

Phycology also includes the study of prokaryotic forms known as blue-green algae or cyanobacteria. A number of microscopic algae also occur as symbionts in Lichens. Prokaryotic bacteria cell structure Prokaryotes (IPA: //) are a group of organisms that lack a cell nucleus (= karyon), or any other membrane-bound organelles. ... Orders The taxonomy of the Cyanobacteria is currently under revision. ... For other things named Lichen, see: Lichen (disambiguation). ...

A phycologist is a person who studies algae as described above. In a similar manner, a mycologist is a person who has been professionally trained in mycology, the study of fungi. A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ... Mycology (from the Greek μύκης, meaning fungus) is the study of fungi, their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy, and their use to humans as a source for tinder, medicinals (e. ... Subkingdom/Phyla Chytridiomycota Blastocladiomycota Neocallimastigomycota Glomeromycota Zygomycota Dikarya (inc. ...

See also

Phycology is the study of marine algae (seaweeds) and history is the study of the past human activities. ... An open pond Spirulina farm Algaculture is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of species of algae. ...

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