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Encyclopedia > Phrygian dominant scale

The Phrygian dominant scale is constructed by raising the third of the Phrygian scale and is the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale, the fifth being the dominant. It has the word "dominant" in its name because like the dominant seventh chord it has a major 3rd note and a flattened 7th note. Due to historical confusion, Phrygian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... This article is about modes as used in music. ... A minor scale in musical theory is a diatonic scale whose third scale degree is an interval of a minor third above the tonic. ... In music, the dominant is the fifth degree of the scale. ... A seventh chord is a chord or triad which has a note the seventh above the tonic in it. ...


It is often known as a Spanish Phrygian scale or Spanish gypsy scale, and is commonly used in flamenco music. It is also known as Ahava Rabboh or Freygish when used in Hebrew prayers and Klezmer music (earning it the additional title of the Jewish scale), or as the Hijaz-Nahawand scale when used in Turkish or Arabic music. Often, it has found application in modern progressive rock/metal, having been utilized notably by the band Dream Theater, and by Joe Satriani, who cites the Phrygian dominant as his favorite scale, along with Fred Ardiel, a guitar teacher in the Capilano College Jazz Studies program. The scale is unusual as the interval between the second and third degrees is an augmented second - giving it a "patchy" quality, like its sister, the harmonic minor scale. The Gypsy Scale refers to a musical scale used in Gypsy music. ... Flamenco is a Spanish musical genre with strong, rhythmic undertones and is often accompanied with a similarly impassioned style of dance characterized by its powerful yet graceful execution, as well as its intricate hand and footwork. ... Jewish services are the prayers recited as part of observance of Judaism. ... Klezmer (from Yiddish כּלי־זמיר, etymologically from Hebrew kli zemer כלי זמר, musical instrument) is a musical tradition which parallels Hasidic and Ashkenazic Judaism. ... Dream Theater is an American progressive metal band comprising James LaBrie, John Petrucci, Jordan Rudess, John Myung, and Mike Portnoy. ... Joseph Satch Satriani (born on July 15, 1956, in Westbury, New York, U.S.) is an American guitarist and former guitar instructor. ...


The sequence of steps comprising the Phrygian dominant scale is In music, a step is a linear or successive interval between two pitches which are consecutive scale degrees. ...

When related to the scale degrees of the major scale, it reads like so: A minor second is the smallest of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the major second and the augmented second, which are larger by one and two semitones respectively. ... The musical interval of a minor third is the relationship between the first note (the root or tonic) and the third note in a minor scale. ... A major second is one of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the minor second, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented second, which is one semitone larger. ...


1 - b2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - b6 - b7 - 1


Beginning on C, the scale is as follows:


C Phrygian dominant scale, the fifth mode of F harmonic minor Image File history File links C_Phrygian_dominant_scale. ...


Examples in classical music

Franz Liszt prepares the final cadence of his Piano Sonata in B minor with a descending Phrygian Dominant Scale in the depths of the keyboard. The scale is also featured in many of his Hungarian Rhapsodies and other works with Hungarian or Spanish affiliations. Liszt redirects here. ... One of the pages from the original manuscript of the sonata. ... The Hungarian Rhapsodies, (S/G244, R106) Rapsodies hongroises or Ungarische Rhapsodien) are a set of pieces of music by Franz Liszt, originally for solo piano. ...


Modest Mussorgsky uses the scale in his piano suite Pictures at an exhibition, in the movement "Samuel Goldenberg und Schmuÿle." Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Russian: , Modest Petrovič Musorgskij, French: ) (March 9/21, 1839 – March 16/28, 1881), one of the Russian composers known as the Five, was an innovator of Russian music. ... Mussorgsky in 1874 This article refers to the original suite by Modest Mussorgsky. ...


Examples in popular music

Jimmy Somerville's "So Cold The Night", Pink Floyd's Matilda Mother and Shakira's "Ojos Así/Eyes Like Yours" use the Phrygian dominant scale. Popular guitarist Joe Satriani also teaches a lesson for guitar on the phrygian dominant scale. Jimmy Somerville – concert in Warsaw, 2006. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Matilda Mother is a song by British psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd, and is featured on their debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). ... This article is about the musician. ... Ojos Así (English: Eyes like those) was a single released by Colombian singer-songwriter Shakira from her 1998 album ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones? in July 1999. ...


Metallica's Kirk Hammett has been known to use the Phrygian scale, most notably in the solo for "Wherever I May Roam". Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Kirk Lee Hammett (born on November 18, 1962) is the lead guitarist in the band Metallica. ... Wherever I May Roam is the fifth track on the Metallica (aka Black) Album by the heavy metal band Metallica. ...


Hava Nagila also uses this scale. Hava Nagila (הבא נגילה in hebrew) is a Hebrew folk song, the title meaning Let us rejoice. ...


YYZ by Rush uses the Spanish Phrygian scale in the solo. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Look up Rush in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The main theme music for the television series Rome is written in Phrygian dominant. Rome is a multiple Emmy Award-winning historical drama, produced in Italy for television by the BBC (UK), HBO (USA), and RAI (Italy). ...


In the ParaWorld computer game, the background music when playing as the Dustrider tribe is in the phrygian dominant scale. ParaWorld is a real-time strategy PC game released on September 25, 2006. ...


The Last Stop by Dave Matthews Band from Before These Crowded Streets The Last Stop is the third track off of the Dave Matthews Band album Before These Crowded Streets. ... Dave Matthews Band (also known by the acronym DMB) is a United States-based alternative rock band, originally formed in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1991 by singer, songwriter, and guitarist Dave Matthews. ... Before These Crowded Streets (or BTCS) is the fourth LP album by Dave Matthews Band, released on April 28, 1998. ...


External links

  • http://www.budowitz.com/pages/Modes.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Music Theory: Scales (2320 words)
A scale that starts on C is said to be in the key of C; a scale that starts on F is an F scale; and so forth.
Scales that have a M3 between the tonic (1) and mediant (3) have a major sound; those with a m3 between tonic and mediant have a minor sound.
A pentatonic's 5th degree is the same as a major scale's 6th degree, which, you may recall, is the basis for the relative minor of that major scale.
Augmented Sixth Chords (2293 words)
Two factors contribute to the strengthening of dominant function: first, the dominant is approached in all voices by step, so no fifth motion takes place between the chords; second, in the usual voice leading, the dominant scale degree is in the outer voices approached by contrary motion.
Scale degree 5 is also in the soprano voice approached by scale degree 4, while the inner voices both contain scale degree 1 moving to scale degrees 7 and 2.
The note determining the functional identity of the chord is the seventh of the dominant 7th and the "root" of the German 6/5 (the note that usually appears in the soprano and forms the interval of the augmented sixth with the bass).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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