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Encyclopedia > Phoenix metropolitan area
Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale

Common name: Phoenix Metropolitan Area
Valley of the Sun
Largest city
Other cities
Phoenix
 - Mesa
 - Scottsdale
Population  Ranked 13th in the U.S.
 - Total 4,039,182 (2006 est.)
 - Density 255 /sq. mi. 
98 /km²
Area 14,573 sq. mi.
37,744 km²
State(s)  Arizona
Elevation   
 - Highest point N/A feet (N/A m)
 - Lowest point N/A feet (N/A m)

The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. The Phoenix–Mesa–Scottsdale Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the US Census Bureau, includes Maricopa and Pinal counties. Image File history File links Phoenixmetro. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... There are two official definitions of metropolitan area used today in the United States, metropolitan statistical areas, and combined statistical areas, the former restrictive, the latter more extensive. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...


The population of the Phoenix metropolitan area increased by 45% from 1990 through 2000, compared to the average United States rate of 15%, helping to make Arizona the second fastest growing state in the nation in the 1990s (the fastest was Nevada).[1] The 2000 Census reported the population of the metro area to be 3,251,876. As of July 1, 2006 the MSA is estimated to be at 4,039,182. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ...

Contents

Cities and Towns in the Phoenix metropolitan area

What follows is a list of places in the general vicinity of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. All of them are part of the actual Metropolitan Area according to at least one definition in use, but many of them are debatable. The most conservative definition, including only those places that are currently part of the contiguous urban and suburban center of the Metropolitan Area, includes much fewer places. Those places are in bold below.


Incorporated Areas

Map showing cities and highways in the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale MSA, as defined by the U.S. Census as both Maricopa and Pinal counties.

Image File history File links Phoenix_MPA_Incorporated_and_Planning_areas. ... Image File history File links Phoenix_MPA_Incorporated_and_Planning_areas. ...

100,000 or more inhabitants

Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ...

10,000 or more inhabitants

Apache Junction is a city primarily in Pinal County, Arizona, USA, with a small portion in Maricopa County. ... Avondale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Bobby Bryant Area  - City  145. ... This article is about Casa Grande, Arizona. ... El Mirage is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Eloy is a city located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Florence is a town located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... The world famous fountain of Fountain Hills, Arizona, spews water to a height of 562 feet, once per hour. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Jim Cavanagh Area  - City  116. ... Maricopa is a city (during the 2000 census was a census-designated place) in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. ... Paradise Valley is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 14,558. ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... Queen Creek is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ...

Fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Carefree is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Cave Creek is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Coolidge is a city located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Gila Bend (Spanish: Gila Ben, Oodham Pima: Hila Wi:n) is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Guadalupe is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Litchfield Park is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Superior is a town located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Tolleson is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Ron Badowski Area  - Town  11. ... Youngtown is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ...

Unincorporated Areas

Over 10,000 inhabitants

New River is a census-designated place located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Anthem, Arizona is the result of a Del Webb development on a large parcel of land adjacent to New River, Arizona. ... Once what we now call Gold Canyon was part of the Barkley Cattle Ranch established in the wild west days of the late 1800s. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City West is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun Lakes is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ...

Under 10,000 inhabitants

Aguila is a small unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, located on US 60 approximately 20 miles west of Wickenburg, or at approximately 50000 N. 510th Ave. ... Ak-Chin Village (Oodham Aki Cini) is a census-designated place located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Arizona City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. ... Arlington is a small unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, located about 40 miles west of Phoenix. ... Black Canyon City is a census-designated place located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... Bumble Bee is a ghost town in Yavapai County, Arizona named for nearby Bumble Bee Creek. ... Chuichu (Papago Ce:co) is a census-designated place located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Komatke (Oodham: Komadk) is an unincorporated settlement in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Liberty is a small unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, located about 30 miles west of Phoenix, and 6 miles southeast of Buckeye. ... Morristown is a small unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, located about 50 miles northwest of Phoenix, at the junction of Arizona State Route 74 and US 60. ... Palo Verde is a small unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, located about 40 miles west of Phoenix, and 6 miles southwest of Buckeye. ... Queen Valley is a census-designated place located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Rio Verde is a census-designated place located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sacaton is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. ... Santan is an unincorporated town located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Stanfield is a census-designated place located in Pinal County, Arizona. ... Tonopah (IPA: ), Arizona is an unincorporated town located in western Maricopa County, approximately 50 miles west of downtown Phoenix off Interstate 10. ... Restaurant at Tortilla Flat Tortilla Flat, Arizona is a small community located in central Arizona northeast of Apache Junction. ... Waddell, Arizona is an unincorporated community in the far northwestern part of the Phoenix, Arizona metro area. ... Wittmann, Arizona is a small, unincorporated community located along U.S. Highway 60 in the central part of Arizona, about 35 miles northwest of central Phoenix, and while technically located within the citys metropolitan area it is generally regarded by locals to be just outside of it. ... Yarnell is a census-designated place located in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 645. ...

Demographics[citation needed]

Check Counties


Transportation

Freeways and highways

The Phoenix Metropolitan Area is served by several controlled-access freeways, including Interstates 10, 17, 8, the US 60, and Arizona State Routes 101, 202, 303, and 51. Many new freeways are planned to be built by 2025, either through upgrades of existing roads (including State Routes 85, 303, and parts of the US 60), or through the construction of new freeways where no road existed before (including State Routes 801, 802, and the remaining parts of 202). Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 17 is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Arizona, United States. ... Interstate 8 (abbreviated I-8) is an Interstate highway in the southwestern United States. ... US 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... State Route 101, or Loop 101, is a 61-mile (97 km) semi-beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... State Route 202, or Loop 202, is the partially constructed beltway encompassing the eastern Phoenix, Arizona Metropolitan area. ... State Route 303, also known as SR-303L, Loop 303 and Estrella Parkway, is a state highway currently maintained by Maricopa County[1] in central Arizona serving the far western suburbs of the Phoenix metropolitan area. ... State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. ... 2025 (MMXXV) will be a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Route Summary Arizona State Highway 85, or AZ-85, is a north-south state highway in south-central Arizona. ... State Route 303, also known as SR-303L, Loop 303 and Estrella Parkway, is a state highway currently maintained by Maricopa County[1] in central Arizona serving the far western suburbs of the Phoenix metropolitan area. ... US 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... State Route 801 (SR-801), also called the I-10 Reliever is a planned state highway in the southwest parts of Phoenix, Arizona and nearby suburbs. ... State Route 802 (SR-802), or the Williams Gateway Freeway is a planned state highway in the southeast Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... State Route 202, or Loop 202, is the partially constructed beltway encompassing the eastern Phoenix, Arizona Metropolitan area. ...


Several regular access highways also serve parts of the Valley, including parts of the US 60, and all of State Routes 85, 87 and its associated routes (187, 287, 387, and 587) 74, 88, and others. US 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... Route Summary Arizona State Highway 85, or AZ-85, is a north-south state highway in south-central Arizona. ... Arizona State Highway 87 is a north-south road beginning in Second Mesa, Arizona and ending at Interstate 10 exit 211, just south of Eloy, Arizona. ... State Route 187, also known as SR-187, is a state highway in south-central Arizona traveling from State Route 387 north of Casa Grande north to its junction with State Route 87 near Sacaton. ... State Route 287, also known as SR-287, is a predominantly east-west state highway in central Arizona. ... State Route 387, also known as SR-387, is a state highway in south-central Arizona traveling from State Route 87 west of Coolidge west to Interstate 10, then south to its junction with State Route 84 and State Route 287 in Casa Grande. ... State Route 587, also known as SR-587, is a state highway in south-central Arizona that travels from its junction with State Route 87 just south of Sun Lakes directly south to Interstate 10 in Bapchule. ... State Route 74 (or SR-74) is a state highway in central Arizona that stretches east to west from its junction with U.S. Route 60 just south of Wickenburg to its junction with Interstate 17 north of Phoenix. ... State Route 88, also known as SR-88 or Apache Trail, is a state highway in central Arizona that travels east from its junction with U.S. Route 60 in Apache Junction northeast to its junction with State Route 188 at Roosevelt Dam. ...


Arterial roads

In the Valley, many of the arterial roads have the same name across city and town borders. However, a common source of confusion is the fact that many roads may have either different names or numbering systems in different cities or areas.


For example, one east-west arterial is known as Glendale Avenue west of the Arizona State Route 51 freeway, but as Lincoln Drive to the east of the freeway. State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. ...


Other instances of confusion come from the same physical road changing names abruptly, as is the case for Scottsdale Road becoming Rural Road in the city of Tempe. Some other roads are known to change names abruptly within city limits. Tempe is a variant spelling for the food Tempeh. ...


Bell Road is known as Frank Lloyd Wright Boulevard in Scottsdale, and this is a frequent source of confusion as there is actually a Bell Road in Scottsdale as well, located nearby, but which does not go through to the Bell Road of Phoenix. This is particularly frustrating for the uninitiated, as Bell Road is the most-traveled arterial in the metro area. Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ...


Rail

An urban light rail system (dubbed the "METRO") is currently under construction. The initial line will run more than 20 miles from suburban Mesa, through Tempe and into Phoenix, traveling through the downtown area, offering access to Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport and linking two of the four metro area campuses of Arizona State University. Anticipated to open in December 2008, it is projected to initially accommodate 26,000 boardings a day, or more than 8 million boardings in its first year. Valley Metro Rail will be a light rail system serving the Phoenix metropolitan area. ...


Expansions to the METRO system are currently in the early planning stages.


Aviation

In 2005, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport was the 14th busiest passenger facility in the world and the 8th busiest in America, with more than 41 million passengers using the facility. With three terminal buildings encompassing 120 gates, more than 20 airlines offer daily non-stop flights to destinations throughout the world. “PHX” redirects here. ...


The Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport started commercial passenger flights in 2004. By the end of November 2007, the airport will provide service to more than 15 destinations. “AZA” redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are several municipal and regional airports in the metropolitan area, however none of them are currently used by commercial airlines for passenger flights.


Street numbering systems

[2][3]


Most communities in Maricopa County use the Phoenix-County numbering system, with the point of origin at Central Avenue and Washington Street. In the Phoenix-County system, north-south numbered roads labelled "avenue", "drive", and "lane" are located West of Central Avenue, while those labelled "street", "place" and "way" are located east of Central Avenue. They go, in order from west to east (not all necessarily exist):


2nd Avenue - 1st Dale - 1st Glen - 1st Lane - 1st Drive - 1st Avenue - Central Avenue - 1st Street - 1st Place - 1st Way - 1st Terrace - 1st Run - 2nd Street


This has been a source of major confusion for some newcomers, who might end up, for example, at 91st Avenue and Thunderbird Road, when in fact they intended to go to 91st Street and Thunderbird Road, about 45 minutes' drive away from one another.


One beneficial quality of this arrangement for unfamiliar travelers is that the major north-south arterial roads are rarely similarly named; the "avenue" arterials in the West Valley are all odd-numbered and the "street" arterials in the East Valley are even-numbered, with the exception of 7th Ave. & 7th St., both being major roadways running parallel one mile apart. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Communities in Maricopa County that have their own street numbering systems include:

Community Point of Origin
Apache Junction Idaho Road & Junction Drive
Avondale Central Avenue & Western Avenue
Buckeye (historic downtown only) Monroe Avenue & 1st Street
Chandler Commonwealth Place & Arizona Avenue
Gilbert Gilbert Road & Elliot Road
Litchfield Park Litchfield Road & Wigwam Boulevard
Mesa Center Street & Main Street
Goodyear (historic district only) Western Avenue & Litchfield Road
Tempe Mill Avenue & the Salt River
Wickenburg Center Street & Frontier Street
Wittmann (core area only) Center Street & Grand Avenue

Since some streets are shared between several cities, the different numbering systems have sometimes caused confusion, including occasional mishaps with emergency services. For example, "620 E. Southern Avenue" is the address of multiple locations in different parts of the metro area: one between Central Avenue and 7th Street in Phoenix, one between Mill and Rural Roads in Tempe, one in Mesa between Mesa Drive and Stapley Drive, and one in Apache Junction between Idaho Road and Tomahawk Road. Salt River may refer to: The Salt River in Arizona in the United States The Salt River in Kentucky in the United States Two rivers named the Salt River in Michigan in the United States The Salt River in Missouri in the United States The Salt River in the U...


Most communities in Pinal County use the Pinal County street numbering system, whose point of origin is at AZ 287 and 11 Mile Corner Road (the intersection of which is known as "11 Mile Corner"). Exceptions include: State Route 287, also known as SR-287, is a predominantly east-west state highway in central Arizona. ...

Community Point of Origin
Apache Junction Idaho Road & Junction Drive
Casa Grande Ash Avenue & Center Street
Coolidge Central Avenue & railroad tracks
Eloy Alsdorf Road & Main Street
Florence Butte Avenue & Main Street
Queen Creek (follows Phoenix-County)
Stanfield AZ 84 & Stanfield Road

Railroad or railway tracks are used on railways, which, together with railroad switches (points), guide trains without the need for steering. ... State Route 84, also known as SR-84, is an east-west highway in south-central Arizona, with its western terminus at Exit 151 of Interstate 8 and its eastern terminus at its junction with State Route 387 and State Route 287 in Casa Grande. ...

References

  1. ^ "Ranking Tables for Metropolitan Areas: 1990 and 2000." United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved on July 8, 2006.
  2. ^ Phoenix Metropolitan Street Atlas - Wide World of Maps, 2006 Edition
  3. ^ Google Maps

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Phoenix metro population growth figures

  Results from FactBites:
 
Phoenix Metropolitan Area - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
The Phoenix metropolitan area, locally known as the Valley of the Sun (or just The Valley), is a metropolitan area that includes Phoenix, Arizona, and all of the rest of Maricopa County, Pinal County, and Yavapai County.
The population of the Phoenix metropolitan area increased by 45% from 1990 through 2000, compared to the average United States rate of 15%, helping to make Arizona the second fastest growing state in the nation in the 1990s (the fastest was Nevada).
The 2000 Census reports the population of the metro area to be 3,072,149.
Phoenix, Arizona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7506 words)
Between 1990 and 2000, the metropolitan area grew by 34 percent, making it the eighth fastest-growing metropolitan area in the U.S. Phoenix is the largest capital city by population; meaning that of all U.S. capital cities (all 50 state capitals and the national capital Washington, D.C.), it's the largest.
Phoenix was incorporated with a population of approximately 2,500, and on May 3, 1881, Phoenix held its first city election, in which Judge John T. Alsap defeated James D. Monihon, 127 to 107, to become the city's first Mayor.
The Phoenix area is surrounded by the McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Tank Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains far to the east, and the Sierra Estrella to the southwest.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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