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Encyclopedia > Phoenix, Arizona
City of Phoenix
Downtown Phoenix

Flag

Seal
Nickname: Valley of the Sun
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°26′54″N 112°04′26″W / 33.44833, -112.07389
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Incorporated February 25, 1881
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - Mayor Phil Gordon (D)
Area
 - City  515.1 sq mi (1,230.5 km²)
 - Land  515.126 sq mi (1,229.9 km²)
 - Water  0.2 sq mi (0.6 km²)
Elevation  1,117 ft (340 m)
Population (2006)[1] [2]
 - City 1,512,986
 - Density 3,077.6/sq mi (1,188.4/km²)
 - Urban 3,393,000
 - Metro 4,039,182
 - Demonym Phoenician
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) no DST (UTC)
Area code(s) 602, 480, 623
FIPS code 04-55000
GNIS feature ID 0044784
Website: http://www.phoenix.gov/

Phoenix /ˈfiːˌnɪks/ (English: Phoenix, Navajo: Hoozdo, lit. "the place is hot", Western Apache: Fiinigis) is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona and the county seat of Maricopa County. Its physical location is along the banks of the normally dry Salt River. It was incorporated as a city on February 25, 1881. Residents of Phoenix are known as Phoenicians. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2300x1791, 2462 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Phoenix, Arizona Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links PhoenixCitySeal. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... Image File history File links Maricopa_County_Incorporated_and_Planning_areas_Phoenix_highlighted. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... The following is a list of the mayors of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Portrait of Phoenix, Arizona Mayor Phil Gordon. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 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Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST, or Summer Time) is the local time a region is designated for a portion of the year, usually an hour forward from its standard official time. ... ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... North American area code 480 is a state of Arizona telephone area code which was split from Area Code 602 on April 1, 1999, due to the explosive growth of the Phoenix metropolitan area in the 1990s. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Reading Adahooniigii — The Navajo Language Monthly Navajo or Navaho (native name: Diné bizaad) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken in the southwest United States by the Navajo people (Diné). It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages (the majority of Athabaskan languages are spoken... Links Western Apache-English Dictionary (White Mountain) White Mountain Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) San Carlos Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) Tonto Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) Yavapai-Apache Nation Official Website Yavapai-Apache Nation (Arizona Intertribal Council) White Mountain Apache Tribe White Mountain Apache photographs map of Fort Apache... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... The Salt River, a tributary of the Gila, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States and Mexico The Salt River along side State Route 77 The Salt River as seen in Salt River Canyon The Salt River (Oodham [Pima]: Onk Akimel) is a tributary of the... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Phoenix's estimated population as of 2006 was 1,512,986, making it the fifth largest city in the United States.[2] At 515 square miles, it covers an area larger than New York City, Philadelphia, and Miami combined, making it the biggest state capital and the 10th largest land area for a city in the United States; however, because of its huge area, the city had a relatively low population density of only 2,938 people per square mile. As of 2006, the Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) was the 13th largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 4,039,182.[3] Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Miami redirects here. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... The following is a list (by population) of all Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau. ...

Contents

History

American Indian inhabitants

As early as 700 AD, the Hohokam civilization occupied the land that would become Phoenix. The Hohokam created roughly 135 miles (217 km) of irrigation canals, making the land arable. Paths of these canals would later become used for the modern Arizona Canal, Central Arizona Project Canal, and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. Hohokam is the name applied to one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of the American Southwest. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


It is believed that between AD 1300 and AD 1450 periods of drought and severe floods led to the Hohokam's disappearance.[4]


Although Spanish and Mexican explorers knew of the area, only southern Arizona fell under their influence. The Salt River Valley remained mostly abandoned. Local Akimel O'odham settlements, thought to be the descendents of the formerly urbanized Hohokam, concentrated on the Gila River alongside those of the Tohono O'odham and Maricopa peoples. The Akimel Oodham or Pima are a group of Native Americans living in central and southern Arizona and what is now Mexico. ... The Gila River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Gila River (Oodham [Pima]: Hila Akimel) is a tributary of the Colorado River, 630 mile (1,014 km) long, in the southwestern United States. ... The Tohono Oodham are a Native American tribe formerly known as the Papago who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert of the southwest United States and northwest Mexico. ... For the county in Arizona, see Maricopa County, Arizona The Maricopa, or Pipaash, are a Native American ethnic group that consisted of small groups of people situated on the banks of the Colorado River that came together in the 19th century. ...


Pre-incorporation history

Passing through the area in 1867, Jack Swilling of Wickenburg, Arizona, stopped to rest at the foot of the White Tank Mountains and observed land that had great potential for farming. The terrain and climate were optimal, except for a lack of precipitation and suitable irrigation. Swilling remedied the situation by having a series of canals built, which followed the paths of the preexisting Hohokam canals. A small community formed about 4 miles (6 km) east of the present city and a few miles northwest of another community at Hayden's Ferry, which would become Tempe.[4] John Jack Swilling (April 1, 1830 – August 12, 1878) was one of the original founders of the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Ron Badowski Area  - Town  11. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ...


The farming community was named Swilling's Mill in his honor, though later renamed to Helling Mill, Mill City, and finally, East Phoenix. Swilling, a former Confederate soldier, wanted to name the city "Stonewall," after Gen. Stonewall Jackson. Others suggested the name of "Salina." However, neither name was suitable to the community. Finally, Lord Darrell Duppa suggested the name "Phoenix," as it described a city born from the ruins of a former civilization.[5] Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was organized in February 1861 to defend the newly formed Confederate States of America from military action by the United States government. ... For other uses of Stonewall Jackson, see Stonewall Jackson (disambiguation). ... Phillip Darrell Duppa was a pioneer in the settlement of Arizona prior to its statehood. ...


The Yavapai County Board of Supervisors, which at the time, encompassed Phoenix, officially recognized the town of Phoenix on May 4, 1868, and formed an election precinct. The first post office was established on June 15, 1868, with Jack Swilling serving as the postmaster. With the population growing, a townsite needed to be selected. On October 20, 1870, the residents held a meeting to decide where to locate it. A 320 acre (1.3 km²) plot of land was purchased in what is now the downtown business section.[6] On February 12, 1871, the territorial legislature created Maricopa County, the sixth in the state, by dividing Yavapai County. The first county election in Maricopa County was held in 1871, when Tom Barnum was elected the first sheriff. Barnum ran unopposed as the other two candidates, John A. Chenowth and Jim Favorite, had a shootout that ended in Favorite's death and Chenowth withdrawing from the race.[7] Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... If you are looking for different meanings of this word, see Postmaster (disambiguation) A postmaster is a term used in post offices to denote the head or master of the office. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...


Several lots of land were sold in 1870 at an average price of $48. The first church opened in 1871, as did the first store. Public school had its first class on September 5, 1872, in the courtroom of the county building. By October 1873, a small school was completed on Center Street (now Central Avenue).[7] Land entry was recorded by the Florence Land Office on November 19, 1873, and a declaratory statement filed in the Prescott Land Office February 15, 1872. President Ulysses S. Grant issued a land patent for the present site of Phoenix on April 10, 1874. The total value of the Phoenix Townsite was $550, with downtown lots selling for between $7 and $11 each. A short time later, a telegraph office, 16 saloons, four dance halls and two banks were open.[8] is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Prescott is the name of some places in the United States of America including Prescott, Arizona Prescott, Arkansas Prescott, Iowa Prescott, Michigan Prescott, Kansas Prescott, Oregon Prescott, Washington Prescott, Wisconsin Prescott, Ontario is a town in Canada. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ... A land patent is the right of ownership to a tract of land, usually granted by the federal or state government to an individual or private company. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Telegraph and Telegram redirect here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Aerial lithograph of Phoenix from 1885

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 2002 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 2002 pixel, file size: 3. ...

Incorporation

By 1881, Phoenix had outgrown its original townsite-commissioner form of government. The 11th Territorial Legislature passed "The Phoenix Charter Bill", incorporating Phoenix and providing for a mayor-council government. The bill was signed by Governor John C. Fremont on February 25, 1881. Phoenix was incorporated with a population of approximately 2,500, and on May 3, 1881, Phoenix held its first city election. Judge John T. Alsap defeated James D. Monihon, 127 to 107, to become the city's first mayor.[9] In early 1888, the city offices were moved into the new City Hall, built where the downtown bus terminal now stands. This building also provided temporary offices for the territorial government when it moved to Phoenix from Prescott in 1889.[10] John C. Frémont John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813-July 13, 1890), birth name John Charles Fremon [Harvey, p. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Prescott (pronounced by some locals as press-kit instead of press-cot) is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 40,360. ...


The coming of the railroad in the 1880s was the first of several important events that revolutionized the economy of Phoenix. Merchandise now flowed into the city by rail instead of wagon. Phoenix became a trade center with its products reaching eastern and western markets. In response, the Phoenix Chamber of Commerce was organized on November 4, 1888.[10] is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Phoenix also inaugurated an electric streetcar system, built off earlier stagecoach lines, in 1893. Phoenix Street Railway map The Phoenix Street Railway provided streetcar service in Phoenix, Arizona from 1887 to 1948. ...


20th century

Central Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona, 1908

In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the National Reclamation Act allowing for dams to be built on western streams for reclamation purposes. Residents were quick to enhance this by organizing the Salt River Valley Water Users' Association on February 7, 1903, to manage the water and power supply. The agency still exists today as part of the Salt River Project.[11] On February 14, 1912, under President William Howard Taft, Phoenix became the capital of the newly formed state of Arizona.[12] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 283 pixelsFull resolution (1414 × 500 pixel, file size: 168 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 283 pixelsFull resolution (1414 × 500 pixel, file size: 168 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... The Reclamation Act (also known as the Newlands Reclamation Act or National Reclamation Act) of 1902, funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of the American West. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Salt River Project or SRP is a collective name used to refer to two separate entities: the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District, a political subdivision of the state of Arizona, and the Salt River Valley Water Users Association, a private company that serves as an electrical... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other persons named William Howard Taft, see William Howard Taft (disambiguation). ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ...



In 1913, Phoenix adopted a new form of government from mayor-council to council-manager, making it one of the first cities in the United States with this form of city government.[13] Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ...


During World War II, Phoenix's economy shifted to that of a distribution center, rapidly turning into an embryonic industrial city with mass production of military supplies. Luke Field, Williams Field, and Falcon Field, coupled with the giant ground-training center at Hyder, west of Phoenix, brought thousands of men into Phoenix.[14] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Location of LAFB in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Williams Air Force Base was the leading pilot training facility of the United States Air Force for many years, supplying 25% of all pilots. ... For other airports with this name, see Falcon Field. ... Hyder is a ghost-town in Yuma County, Arizona. ...

Phoenix in 1900

A fire in October 1947 destroyed most of the streetcar fleet, giving the city a difficult choice between implementing a new street railway system or using buses. The latter was chosen and the metropolitan area's development has been oriented toward cars ever since. This is expected to change, however, with the December 2008 implementation of the Phoenix light rail system. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... METRO Light Rail will be a light rail system serving the Phoenix metropolitan area. ...


By 1950, over 100,000 people lived within the city and thousands more in surrounding communities. There were 148 miles (238 km) of paved streets and 163 miles (262 km) of unpaved streets.[14]


Phoenix's population in the north and west, as well as that of surrounding cities, is expanding greatly, as it has been since the 1960s. Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...


Geography

Landsat 7 Satellite image of
the Phoenix Metro Area in 2002

Phoenix is located at 33°26'54" North, 112°4'26" West (33.448457°, -112.073844°)GR1 in the Salt River Valley, or "Valley of the Sun", in central Arizona. It lies at a mean elevation of 1,117 feet (340 m), in the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert. Download high resolution version (750x750, 144 KB) Situated in southern central Arizona, Phoenix is the state’s capital and largest city. ... Download high resolution version (750x750, 144 KB) Situated in southern central Arizona, Phoenix is the state’s capital and largest city. ... Map of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. ...


The Salt River course runs westward through the city of Phoenix; the riverbed is normally dry except when excess runoff forces the release of water from the six dams upriver. The city of Tempe has built two inflatable dams in the Salt River bed to create a year-round recreational lake, called Tempe Town Lake. The dams are deflated to allow the river to flow unimpeded during releases. The Salt River, a tributary of the Gila, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States and Mexico The Salt River along side State Route 77 The Salt River as seen in Salt River Canyon The Salt River (Oodham [Pima]: Onk Akimel) is a tributary of the... Tempe Town Lake at sunset on the Fourth of July with crowd waiting for the annual fireworks display. ...


The Phoenix area is surrounded by the McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Tank Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains far to the east, and the Sierra Estrella to the southwest. Within the city are the Phoenix Mountains and South Mountains. Current development (as of 2005) is pushing beyond the geographic boundaries to the north and west, and south through Pinal County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 475.1 square miles (1,230.5 km²) — 474.9 square miles (1,229.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.05% water. The McDowell Mountain Range is located about twenty miles north-east of Phoenix, Arizona, and may be seen from most places throughout the city. ... White Tank Mountain Regional Park is the largest regional park in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The Superstitions The Superstition Mountains, popularly referred to as The Superstitions, or sometimes The Supes, are a range of mountains in Arizona located to the east of the Valley of the Sun (the Phoenix metropolitan area). ... Estrella Mountains from Laveen, January 2004. ... The Phoenix Mountains are a mountain complex located in the northern part of the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ... The South Mountains, known locally as simply South Mountain, is a mountain range in central Arizona in south Phoenix, Arizona. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


The Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) (officially known as the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale MSA), is the 13th largest in the United States, with a total population of 4,039,182 as of the June 2006 update of the 2000 U.S. Census. It includes the Arizona counties of Maricopa and Pinal. Other cities in the MSA include Mesa, Scottsdale, Glendale, Tempe, Chandler, Gilbert, and Peoria. Several smaller communities are also included, such as Cave Creek, Queen Creek, Buckeye, Goodyear, Fountain Hills, Litchfield Park, Anthem, Sun Lakes, Sun City, Sun City West, Avondale, Surprise, El Mirage, Paradise Valley, and Tolleson. The communities of Ahwatukee, Arcadia, Deer Valley, Maryvale and others are part of the city of Phoenix, Ahwatukee being separated from the rest of the city by South Mountain. In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... There are two official definitions of metropolitan area used today in the United States, metropolitan statistical areas, and combined statistical areas, the former restrictive, the latter more extensive. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Cave Creek is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Queen Creek is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Bobby Bryant Area  - City  145. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Jim Cavanagh Area  - City  116. ... The world famous fountain of Fountain Hills, Arizona, spews water to a height of 562 feet, once per hour. ... Litchfield Park is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Anthem, Arizona is the result of a Del Webb development on a large parcel of land adjacent to New River, Arizona. ... Sun Lakes is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City West is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Avondale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... El Mirage is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Paradise Valley is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 14,558. ... Tolleson is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Ahwatukee (Ahwatukee Foothills Village) is an L-shaped bedroom community bordered on the north by South Mountain Park and Baseline Road, on the east by Interstate 10 and the cities of Chandler, Guadalupe, and Tempe, and on the south and west by the Gila River Indian Community. ...


As with most of Arizona, Phoenix does not observe daylight savings time. In 1973, Gov. Jack Williams argued to Congress that energy use would increase in the evening, as refrigeration units were not used as often in the morning on standard time. He went on to say that energy use would rise "because there would be more lights on in the early morning." He was also concerned about children going to school in the dark, which indeed they were.[15] The exception to this are lands of the Navajo Nation in Northeastern Arizona, which observe daylight saving time in conjunction with the rest of their tribal lands in other states. Daylight saving time (also called DST, or Summer Time) is the local time a region is designated for a portion of the year, usually an hour forward from its standard official time. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political...


Climate

Phoenix has an arid climate, and its average annual maximum temperature is the highest of any major US city. In fact, out of the world's large urban areas, only some cities around the Persian Gulf, such as Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Baghdad, Iraq, and some cities in North India such as Amritsar and Jaipur have comparable summer temperatures. The temperature reaches or exceeds 100°F (38°C) on an average of 89 days during the year, including most days from early June through early September. On June 26, 1990, the temperature reached an all-time high of 122°F (50°C).[16] Overnight lows greater than 80°F occur frequently each summer, with the average July low being 81°F and the average August low being 80°F. The all-time highest low temperature was 96°F (36°C), which occurred on July 15, 2003. In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The dry desert air makes the hot temperatures more tolerable early in the season, but the influx of monsoonal moisture, which generally begins in early July and lasts until mid-September, raises humidity levels and discomfort due to mugginess. For the most part, the winter months are mild. Bold text[[ // [[Image:Media:Example. ...


Phoenix averages 85% of possible sunshine[17] and receives scant rainfall, the average annual total at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport being 8.3 inches (210 mm). March is the wettest month of the year (1.07 inches or 27 mm) with June being the driest (0.09 inches or 2 mm). Although thunderstorms are possible at any time of the year, they are most common during the monsoon from July to mid-September as humid air surges in from the Gulf of California. These can bring strong winds, large hail, or rarely, tornadoes. Winter storms moving inland from the Pacific Ocean occasionally produce significant rains but occur infrequently. Fog is observed from time to time during the winter months. “PHX” redirects here. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. ... This article is about the precipitation. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ...


On average, Phoenix has only 5 days per year where the temperature drops to or below freezing.[18] The long-term mean date of the first frost is December 15 and the last is February 1; however, these dates do not represent the city as a whole because the frequency of freezes increases the further one moves outward from the urban heat island. Frequently, outlying areas of Phoenix see frost, but the airport does not. The earliest frost on record occurred on November 3, 1946, and the latest occurred on April 4, 1945. The all-time lowest temperature in Phoenix was recorded at 16°F (-8.8°C) on January 7, 1913. is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Snow is extremely rare in the area. Snowfall was first officially recorded in 1896, and since then, accumulations of 0.1 inches (0.25 cm) or greater have occurred only seven times. The heaviest snowstorm on record dates to January 20-21, 1937, when 1 to 4 inches fell (2 to 10 cm) in parts of the city and did not melt entirely for four days. Prior to that, 1 inch (2.5 cm) had fallen on January 20, 1933. On February 2, 1939, 0.5 inches (1 cm) fell. Most recently, 0.4 inches (1 cm) fell on December 21-22, 1990. Snow also fell on March 12, 1917, November 28, 1919, and December 11, 1985. On January 21, 2007, snowfall occurred throughout much of the city and covered the ground completely in the East Valley cities of Mesa and Tempe. This followed a very rare cold spell which caused temperatures to tumble into the 20s.[19] Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Mathematics Engineering and Science Achievement (MESA) is a current program that is building in schools around the United States. ... Tempe is a variant spelling for the food Tempeh. ...


Source: U.S. National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, N.C.; a division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [1]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec. high °F (°C) 88 (31.1) 92 (33.3) 100 (37.7) 105 (40.6) 113 (45) 122 (50) 121 (49.4) 116 (46.7) 118 (47.8) 107 (41.7) 95 (35) 88 (31.1)
Avg high °F (°C) 65 (18.3) 69 (20.5) 74 (23.3) 83 (28.3) 92 (33.3) 102 (38.8) 104 (40) 102 (38.8) 97 (36.1) 86 (30) 73 (22.7) 65 (18.3)
Avg low temperature °F (°C) 43 (6.1) 47 (8.3) 51 (10.5) 58 (14.4) 66 (18.8) 75 (23.8) 81 (27.2) 80 (26.6) 75 (23.8) 63 (17.2) 50 (10) 44 (6.7)
Rec. low °F (°C) 17 (-8.3) 25 (-3.9) 25 (-3.9) 37 (2.7) 40 (4.4) 51 (10.6) 66 (18.9) 61 (16.1) 47 (8.3) 34 (1.1) 27 (-2.8) 22 (-5.6)

Cityscape

Midtown Phoenix skyline, looking north up Central Ave.

The city of Phoenix is divided up into 15 Urban Villages.[20] Inside some of the Villages are well known neighborhoods, or districts, which are listed as subpoints. These urban villages are: Ahwatukee Foothills, Alhambra, Camelback East, Central City, Deer Valley, Desert View, Encanto, Estrella, Laveen, Maryvale, North Gateway, North Mountain, Paradise Valley (not to be confused with the town of Paradise Valley), South Mountain, as well as a fifteenth which is as of yet unnamed (created in 2004 and currently called, "New Village."). The fifteenth is sparsely populated (if at all) and new development is not expected in the near future. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2311x1500, 1132 KB) Phoenix skyline (northern part) in 2004, looking north. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2311x1500, 1132 KB) Phoenix skyline (northern part) in 2004, looking north. ... Ahwatukee (Ahwatukee Foothills Village) is an L-shaped bedroom community bordered on the north by South Mountain Park and Baseline Road, on the east by Interstate 10 and the cities of Chandler, Guadalupe, and Tempe, and on the south and west by the Gila River Indian Community. ... The Camelback East Village is one of the 15 villages that make up Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Encanto Village is one of the 15 villages that make up Phoenix, Arizona. ... Estrella Mountains from Laveen, January 2004. ... Paradise Valley is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 14,558. ...


Commonly referred-to Phoenix regions/ districts: Downtown, Midtown, West Phoenix, North Phoenix, South Phoenix, Biltmore area, Arcadia, Sunnyslope, Ahwatukee Modern buildings downtown The downtown of the city of Phoenix in the U.S. state of Arizona covers about two or three square miles, with axes running along Central Avenue and Washington/Jefferson Streets. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ... Sunnyslope can refer to: Sunnyslope, California Sunnyslope, Washington Sunnyslope Mountain, Phoenix, Arizona Category: ... Ahwatukee (Ahwatukee Foothills Village) is an L-shaped bedroom community bordered on the north by South Mountain Park and Baseline Road, on the east by Interstate 10 and the cities of Chandler, Guadalupe, and Tempe, and on the south and west by the Gila River Indian Community. ...


Economy

Downtown Phoenix south of Jefferson Street

The early economy of Phoenix was primarily agricultural, dependent mainly on cotton and citrus farming. In the last two decades, the economy has diversified as rapidly as the population has grown. As the state capital of Arizona, many residents in the area are employed by the government. Arizona State University has also enhanced the area's population through education and its growing research capabilities. Numerous high-tech and telecommunications companies have also recently relocated to the area. Due to the warm climate in winter, Phoenix benefits greatly from seasonal tourism and recreation, and has a particularly vibrant golf industry. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 520 pixelsFull resolution (2495 × 1622 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 520 pixelsFull resolution (2495 × 1622 pixel, file size: 2. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ...


Phoenix is currently home to three major Fortune 1000 companies: electronics corporation Avnet, Apollo Group (which operates the University of Phoenix), and mining company Freeport McMoRan. Honeywell hosts many factories for the building of military grade engines, as well as their company network gateway in Phoenix. Intel has one of their largest sites in Arizona, employing about 11,000 employees and 3 chip manufacturing fabs, including the $3 billion dollar state of the art 300mm, 45nm Fab 32. American Express hosts their financial transactions, customer information, and their entire website in Phoenix. The area is also home to US Airways Group, a Fortune 500 company located in Tempe. Nearby Scottsdale is also home to Allied Waste Industries, Inc. (also listed on the Fortune 500), the second largest non-hazardous solid waste management company in the United States. Phoenix is also home to the headquarters of U-HAUL International, a rental company and moving supply store. Fortune 1000 is a reference to a list maintained by the American business magazine Fortune. ... AvnetItalic text is a technology B2B distributor headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Apollo Group, Inc. ... University of Phoenix (UOP) is a for-profit educational institution specializing in adult education, with campuses located throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. ... Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... American Express (NYSE: AXP), sometimes known as AmEx or Amex, is a diversified global financial services company, headquartered in New York City. ... US Airways Group Inc. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... Allied Waste Industries is a Fortune 1000 comapany that owns many garbage disposal companies. ... U-Haul International, Inc. ...


The military has a significant presence in Phoenix with Luke Air Force Base located in the western suburbs. At its height, in the 1940s, the Phoenix area had 3 military bases: Luke Field (still in use), Falcon Field, and Williams Air Force Base (now Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport), with numerous auxiliary air fields located throughout the region. Location of LAFB in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... For other airports with this name, see Falcon Field. ... Williams Air Force Base was the leading pilot training facility of the United States Air Force for many years, supplying 25% of all pilots. ... “AZA” redirects here. ...

See also: List of major corporations in Phoenix, List of foreign consulates in Phoenix.

This is a listing of major corporations in the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... The following list are countries that currently have Consulate offices in Phoenix, Arizona:[1] ^ Foreign Consular Offices in the United States. ...

Arts and culture

The exterior of the Arizona Veterans Coliseum.

Arts: Arizona Opera, Phoenix Symphony Hall, Phoenix Art Museum, Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art Image File history File links Arizona_veterans_memorial_coliseum. ... Image File history File links Arizona_veterans_memorial_coliseum. ... Arizona Opera is an opera company which operates in both Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Founded in 1945, The Phoenix Art Museum has served Americans with ehxibits such as The Gayness of Eden, Homosexuals in paradise, and most recently Why Security Guards Suck. ...


Museums: Arizona Historical Society Museum, Arizona Science Center, Fleischer Museum, Hall of Flame Firefighting Museum, Heard Museum, Phoenix Museum of History, Phoenix Zoo, Pueblo Grande Museum and Cultural Park The arizona science center is the 3rd largest science center in the west. ... The Heard Museum is a museum dedicated to Native American art located in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. It has been designated as a Phoenix Point of Pride[1]. It was founded in 1929 by Dwight B. and Maie Bartlett Heard to house their personal collection of art. ... The Phoenix Zoo, opened in 1962, is the largest non-profit zoo in the United States. ...


Other Points of Interest: Arizona Biltmore, Burton Barr Central Library, Encanto Park, Hotel San Carlos, Mystery Castle, St. Mary's Basilica, Tovrea Castle, Wrigley Mansion The Arizona Biltmore Hotel The Arizona Biltmore Hotel is a resort located in Phoenix near 24th Street and Camelback Road. ... The Burton Barr Central Library is the central library in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Encanto Park is an urban park in central Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Hotel San Carlos branch in Phoenix, Arizona, is both an operating hotel and tourist site. ... Mystery Castle is near Phoenix, Arizona. ... Saint Marys Basilica was founded in 1881 by Franciscan Monks. ... Edward A. Tovrea (died 1932) was an eccentric Phoenix entrepreneur and socialite. ... The Wrigley Mansion in Phoenix, Arizona is a landmark residence built between 1929 and 1931 by chewing-gum magnate William Wrigley, Jr. ...


Sports

Club Sport League Venue
Arizona Cardinals Football National Football League; NFC University of Phoenix Stadium
Arizona Diamondbacks Baseball Major League Baseball; NL Chase Field
Phoenix Suns Basketball National Basketball Association; Western Conference US Airways Center
Phoenix Coyotes Ice Hockey National Hockey League; Western Conference Jobing.com Arena
Phoenix Mercury Basketball Women's National Basketball Association US Airways Center
Arizona Rattlers Arena Football Arena Football League US Airways Center
Phoenix RoadRunners Hockey ECHL US Airways Center
Arizona Sting Lacrosse National Lacrosse League Jobing.com Arena
Phoenix Flame Basketball International Basketball League Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum
US Airways Center in downtown Phoenix.

Phoenix is home to several professional sports franchises, including representatives of all four major professional sports leagues in the U.S. The first major franchise was the Phoenix Suns of the National Basketball Association (NBA), which started play in 1968. In 1997, the Phoenix Mercury was one of the original eight teams to launch the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). Both teams play at US Airways Center. The Phoenix Flame of the International Basketball League will begin play in the spring of 2007. City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... National Football Conference logo. ... | {{Infobox_Stadium | stadium_name = University of Phoenix Stadium | image = | address = 1 Cardinals Drive, Glendale, AZ 85305 | construction start = July 30, 2003 | opened = August 1, 2006 | owner = Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority | operator = Global Spectrum | surface = Tifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass | construction_cost = $455 million | architect = Peter Eisenman|HOK Sport | former_names = Cardinals Stadium (August... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... This article is about the sport. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... Chase Field, also known as The BOB (after its original name, Bank One Ballpark), is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona across the street from the US Airways Center, which is used by many local teams including the NBAs Phoenix Suns. ... The Phoenix Suns are a professional basketball team, based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... This article is about the sport. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Western Conference of the National Basketball Association is made up of fifteen teams, and organized in three divisions of five teams each. ... US Airways Center (formerly America West Arena) is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Phoenix Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... The Western Conference is one of two conferences in the National Hockey League used to divide teams. ... Jobing. ... The Phoenix Mercury is a Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Phoenix, Arizona and the current WNBA champions. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... US Airways Center (formerly America West Arena) is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Conference American Division Western Year founded 1992 Home arena US Airways Center City, State Phoenix, Arizona Head Coach Gene Nudo ArenaBowl championships 2: 1994, 1997 Conference titles none Division titles 5: 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2004 Wild Card berths 8: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 Arizona Rattlers... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... US Airways Center (formerly America West Arena) is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Phoenix RoadRunners are an ECHL hockey team that began play in the 2005-2006 season in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and Canada, generally regarded as a tier below the American Hockey League. ... US Airways Center (formerly America West Arena) is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Arizona Sting are a member of the National Lacrosse League. ... The Dive Shot. Lacrosse is a team sport that is played with ten players (mens field), six players (mens box), or twelve players (womens field), each of whom uses a netted stick (the crosse) in order to pass and catch a hard rubber ball with the aim... NLL redirects here. ... Jobing. ... The Phoenix Flame are an IBL team slated to begin play in the 2007 season. ... This article is about the sport. ... The International Basketball League is a U.S.-based professional basketball summer league featuring teams from the West Coast and the Midwest. ... Exterior of Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum The Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum is a 14,870-seat multi-purpose indoor arena in Phoenix, Arizona, located on the grounds of the Arizona State Fair. ... Image File history File links America West Arena in Phoenix, Arizona, April 24, 2005; prior to Phoenix Suns NBA playoff game. ... Image File history File links America West Arena in Phoenix, Arizona, April 24, 2005; prior to Phoenix Suns NBA playoff game. ... US Airways Center (formerly America West Arena) is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The term major professional sports league is used to describe the most important and well regarded leagues in the biggest professional sports in a country or region. ... The Phoenix Suns are a professional basketball team, based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Phoenix Mercury is a Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Phoenix, Arizona and the current WNBA champions. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... The Phoenix Flame are an IBL team slated to begin play in the 2007 season. ... The International Basketball League is a U.S.-based professional basketball summer league featuring teams from the West Coast and the Midwest. ...


The Arizona Cardinals moved to Phoenix from St. Louis, Missouri in 1988 and currently play in the NFL's National Football Conference - West Division. The team, however, has never played in the city itself; they played at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University in nearby Tempe until 2006, and now play at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale. University of Phoenix Stadium is scheduled to host Super Bowl XLII in 2008. City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... NFL redirects here. ... National Football Conference logo. ... The NFC West refers to the Western Division of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field is located on the campus of Arizona State University in Tempe. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... | {{Infobox_Stadium | stadium_name = University of Phoenix Stadium | image = | address = 1 Cardinals Drive, Glendale, AZ 85305 | construction start = July 30, 2003 | opened = August 1, 2006 | owner = Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority | operator = Global Spectrum | surface = Tifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass | construction_cost = $455 million | architect = Peter Eisenman|HOK Sport | former_names = Cardinals Stadium (August... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ...


Phoenix also has an arena football team, the Arizona Rattlers of the Arena Football League. Games are played at US Airways Center downtown. Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... Conference American Division Western Year founded 1992 Home arena US Airways Center City, State Phoenix, Arizona Head Coach Gene Nudo ArenaBowl championships 2: 1994, 1997 Conference titles none Division titles 5: 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2004 Wild Card berths 8: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 Arizona Rattlers... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... US Airways Center (formerly America West Arena) is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ...


The Phoenix Coyotes of the National Hockey League moved to the area in 1996, and play at Jobing.com Arena, adjacent to University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale. The city also boasts a minor league hockey team, the Phoenix Roadrunners of the ECHL, who play at the US Airways Center. This makes Phoenix one of the few cities where minor and major league teams in the same sport coexist. The Phoenix Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... Jobing. ... Minor leagues in the sense intended in this article are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... The Phoenix RoadRunners are an ECHL hockey team that began play in the 2005-2006 season in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and Canada, generally regarded as a tier below the American Hockey League. ...


The Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball (National League-West Division) began play as an expansion team in 1998. The team plays at Chase Field (downtown). In 2001, the Diamondbacks defeated the New York Yankees 4 games to 3 in the World Series, becoming not only the city's first professional sports franchise to win a national championship, but also the youngest expansion franchise in U.S. professional sports to ever do so. Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... Chase Field, also known as The BOB (after its original name, Bank One Ballpark), is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona across the street from the US Airways Center, which is used by many local teams including the NBAs Phoenix Suns. ...


Additionally, due to the favorable climate, nine Major League Baseball teams conduct spring training in the metro area, as well as nearby Tucson. These teams are collectively known as the Cactus League. MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... Nickname: Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Pima Government  - Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area  - City  195. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ...


The Phoenix International Raceway is a major venue for two NASCAR auto racing events per season. Boat racing, drag racing, and road course racing are also held at the Firebird International Raceway. Sprint car racing is held at Manzanita Speedway. Phoenix International Raceway is a one mile tri-oval race track located in Avondale, AZ. It opened in 1964, but wasnt used by NASCAR until 1988, with the first race won by the late Alan Kulwicki. ... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... A race is a competition of speed. ... Drag racing is a sport in which cars race down a track with a set distance as fast as possible. ... Road racing can be a term involving road running, road bicycle races, or automobile races. ... World of Outlaws drivers make a Four Abreast lap at the Knoxville Raceway Sprint cars, high-powered race cars designed primarily for the purpose of running on short dirt or paved tracks. ... The Manzanita Speedway is a dirt-track racing facility located in the rural southwestern part of Phoenix, Arizona. ...


Phoenix has also hosted the Insight Bowl at Chase Field until 2005, after which it moved to nearby Tempe, as well as several major professional golf events, including the LPGA's Safeway International and The Tradition of the Champions Tour. Phoenix was originally scheduled to host the 2006 NHL All-Star Game, but it was canceled due to the 2006 Winter Olympics (the recently adopted NHL collective bargaining agreement prohibits the All-Star Game to be held during Olympic years). Instead, Phoenix will host the 2009 All-Star Game. The Insight Bowl is an NCAA-sanctioned Division I-A post-season American college football bowl game played in Arizona since 1989. ... Chase Field, also known as The BOB (after its original name, Bank One Ballpark), is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona across the street from the US Airways Center, which is used by many local teams including the NBAs Phoenix Suns. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... This article is about the sport. ... LPGA stands for Ladies Professional Golf Association. ... The Safeway International is an annual golf tournament for professional female golfers on the LPGA Tour. ... The Tradition is one of the five major championships recognised by the U.S. based Champions Tour, the worlds leading tour for male professional golfers aged fifty and up. ... The Champions Tour, a golf tour run by the PGA TOUR, hosts 30 events annually in the United States and Canada for golfers 50 and older. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... The Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is the contract between the NHL and the NHLPA that defines the structure of procedural, financial, and disciplinary relationships between the NHL, its teams, and its players. ...


Phoenix's Ahwatukee American Little League reached the 2006 Little League World Series as the representative from the U.S. West region. Phoenix is one of the three cities that hosts the annual PF Chang's Rock 'n' Roll Arizona Marathon in January. Little League Baseball - Logo Little League pitcher in Winesburg, Ohio Little League, Wayne, Michigan Little League Baseball is the name of a non-profit organization in the United States which organizes local childrens leagues of baseball and softball throughout the USA and the rest of the world. ... A Little League World Series game at Howard J. Lamade Stadium in South Williamsport. ... The PF Changs Rock n Roll Arizona Marathon is an annual marathon foot-race held in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. This marathon is an Elite Racing (the same individuals who put on the Rock n Roll Marathon of San Diego) Signature Event. ...


As of 2007 Phoenix is the largest North American city not to contain a team in any of the four tiers of professional soccer. There is a plan to try and bring Major League Soccer to the city in the shape of the proposed team Phoenix Rising. Phoenix is currently one of thirteen cities across the United States and Canada that are aiming to claim one of two places scheduled to be made available through expansion before 2010. The plan currently includes a suggested $150 million 25,000 soccer specific stadium with retractable roof. Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada. ... Phoenix Rising is an episode from the fifth season of the science-fiction television series Babylon 5. ...

See also: U.S. cities with teams from four major sports.

In the United States, the four prominent major professional sports leagues are the following: Major League Baseball (MLB), in existence de facto since 1903 National Football League (NFL), founded in 1920 National Basketball Association (NBA), founded in 1946 National Hockey League (NHL), founded in 1917 There are currently thirteen metropolitan...

Parks and recreation

Hole-in-the-Rock, a natural geological formation in Papago Park.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 503 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Papago Park Hole-in-the-Rock (Papago Park) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 503 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Papago Park Hole-in-the-Rock (Papago Park) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Hole-in-the-Rock, west (front) side shown Hole-in-the-Rock is a natural geological formation in Papago Park, a municipal park of Phoenix and Tempe, Arizona. ... Papago () Park is a municipal park of the cities of Phoenix and Tempe, Arizona, USA. Description Papago Park is a hilly desert park covering some 490 hectares (1200 acres) in its Phoenix extent, and some 140 hectares (296 acres) in its Tempe extent (the latter is also referred to specifically... Boyce Thompson Arboretum State Park is an Arizona state park located near United States. ... Camelback Mountain is a mountain of 2704 foot elevation in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Castles N Coasters is an amusement park in Phoenix, Arizona, featuring the Desert Storm Rollercoaster. ... The Desert Botanical Garden is a 50 acre (20 ha) botanical garden located within Papago Park in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Founded in 1939, the garden now has more than 21,000 plants, including 139 species which are rare, threatened or endangered. ... Encanto Park is an urban park in central Phoenix, Arizona. ... Papago () Park is a municipal park of the cities of Phoenix and Tempe, Arizona, USA. Description Papago Park is a hilly desert park covering some 490 hectares (1200 acres) in its Phoenix extent, and some 140 hectares (296 acres) in its Tempe extent (the latter is also referred to specifically... The Phoenix Mountains Park and Recreation Area is the collective and colloquial name of a number of mountain parks located in and around the city of Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Also known by several other names, including Phoenix Mountains and/or Phoenix Mountains Preserve, these include, in alphabetical order: Camelback Mountain... South Mountain Park in Phoenix, Arizona is the largest municipal park in the United States of America. ... Categories: Move to Wiktionary | Substubs ... This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. ... Sunnyslope Mountain a. ...

Media

See also: List of radio stations in Arizona, List of films shot in Phoenix.

The first newspaper in Phoenix was the weekly Salt River Valley Herald, which later changed its name to the Phoenix Herald in 1880. // 550 - KFYI - News/Talk - Phoenix - Also available in HD Radio 620 - KTAR - Arizonas Sports Page - Phoenix 710 - KMIA - ESPN Deportes Radio; operating on reduced power due to vandalism of towers [1] - Black Canyon City 740 - KIDR - Spanish News/Talk/Sports - Phoenix 860 - KMVP - ESPN Radio - Phoenix 910 - KGME - Sports... This is a list of movies that were filmed in the U.S. state of Arizona: // Casa Grande Midnight Run Near Dark Three Kings Flagstaff Casablanca Dead Man Easy Rider Flying Tigers Forrest Gump The Gumball Rally Midnight Run Raise Your Voice Two-Lane Blacktop National Lampoons Vacation Florence...


Today, the city is served by two major daily newspapers: The Arizona Republic (serving the greater metropolitan area) and the East Valley Tribune (serving primarily the cities of the East Valley). In addition, the city is also served by numerous free neighborhood papers and weeklies such as the Phoenix New Times, Arizona State University's The State Press, and the College Times. For 40 years, The Bachelor's Beat, a paid weekly newspaper, has covered local politics while selling ads for area strip clubs and escort services. The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The East Valley Tribune is a daily newspaper serving the East Valley region of metropolitan Phoenix, including cities of Mesa, Arizona, Tempe, Chandler, Gilbert, Scottsdale and surrounding areas in Arizonas Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as The Valley of the Sun or simply The Valley. ... The Phoenix New Times is a free, weekly Phoenix, Arizona newspaper, put out every Thursday. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... The State Press is the independent, student-operated newspaper of Arizona State Universitys campus in Tempe, Arizona. ... The Bachelors Beat is a paid-circulation, tabloid-style weekly newspaper in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. ...


The Phoenix metro area is served by many local television stations and is the 13th largest designated market area (DMA) in the U.S. with 1,725,000 homes (1.55% of the total U.S.).[21] The major network television affiliates are KPNX 12 (NBC), KNXV 15 (ABC), KPHO 5 (CBS), KSAZ 10 (FOX), KUTP 45 (MNTV), KASW 61 (CW) and KAET 8 (PBS, operated by ASU). Other network television affiliates operating in the area include KPAZ 21 (TBN), KTVW 33 (Univision), KTAZ 39 (Telemundo), KDTP 48 (Daystar), and KPPX 51 (i, formerly PAX). KTVK 3 (3TV) and KAZT 27 are independent television stations operating in the metro area. A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... KPNX is the NBC television affiliate in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... KNXV is the ABC television affiliate in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... KPHO is the CBS affiliate television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... KSAZ is the call sign for FOX networks affiliate in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... KUTP is a My Network TV owned and operated station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... KASW is a television station licensed to Phoenix, Arizona. ... “The CW” redirects here. ... KAET is the PBS television affiliate in Phoenix, Arizona that is supported by its members. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... KPAZ is a Trinity Broadcasting Network-owned and operated television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the largest Christian religious television network in the world and is headquartered near Los Angeles in Costa Mesa, California with studios near Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex in Irving, Texas and near Nashville in Hendersonville, Tennessee. ... KTVW is a Univision-owned and operated television station located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States. ... KTAZ is a Daystar Television Network-owned and operated television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... KDTP-CA is a low-power Class A television station in Phoenix, Arizona, owned by Community Television Educators, Inc. ... The Daystar Television Network is a small terrestrial and cable television network in the United States. ... KPPX is a broadcast television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The i Network: Independent Television, or simply i, is a broadcast and cable television network first broadcasted on August 31, 1998. ... KTVK (known on-air as 3TV) is an independent television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... KAZT is an independent television station operating on Channel 7 in Prescott, Arizona. ...


The radio airwaves in Phoenix cater to a wide variety of musical and talk radio interests.


Several major feature films have been filmed in the city, including Waiting to Exhale, Song of the South, The Gauntlet, Psycho, Raising Arizona, Jerry Maguire, The Prophecy, Used Cars, Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure (used as a stand-in for San Dimas, California), U Turn, Eight Legged Freaks, Private Lessons, Blue Collar Comedy Tour: The Movie, Never Been Thawed, Just One of the Guys, Terminal Velocity, Taxi, and The Banger Sisters.[22] A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Waiting to Exhale is a 1995 movie directed by Forest Whitaker. ... Song of the South is a feature film produced by Walt Disney, released on November 12, 1946 by RKO Radio Pictures and based on the Uncle Remus cycle of stories by Joel Chandler Harris. ... This page is about the movie. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... Raising Arizona is a 1987 Coen Brothers comedy film starring Nicolas Cage, Holly Hunter, William Forsythe, John Goodman, Frances McDormand, and Randall Tex Cobb. ... Jerry Maguire is a 1996 American comedy-drama film starring Tom Cruise, Cuba Gooding, Jr. ... The Prophecy is a 1995 film starring Elias Koteas, Virginia Madsen, Christopher Walken, Eric Stoltz, and Viggo Mortensen (as Lucifer). ... Used Cars is a 1980 comedy film. ... Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure (1989) is an American comedy/science fiction movie in which two slackers travel through time in order to assemble a menagerie of historical figures for their high school history presentation. ... Location of San Dimas, California San Dimas is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with U Turn. ... Eight Legged Freaks is a 2002 horror/comedy film directed by Ellory Elkayem and starring David Arquette and Kari Wührer. ... Private Lessons is the title of an American comedy film released in 1981. ... Never Been Thawed (sometimes referred to as NBT: Never Been Thawed) is an independent film released in 2005 to a modest amount of media attention. ... DVD case cover for Just One of the Guys Just One of the Guys is a 1985 comedy film, directed by Lisa Gottlieb. ... For other uses, see Terminal velocity (disambiguation). ... Categories: 2004 films | Action films | Comedy films | Movie stubs ... The Banger Sisters (2002) is an American comedy film produced by 20th Century Fox about the reunion of two middle-aged women who used to be friends and groupies when they were young. ...


Demographics

City of Phoenix
Population by year[23]
1890 3,152
1900 5,544
1910 11,314
1920 29,053
1930 48,118
1940 65,414
1950 106,818
1960 439,170
1970 581,562
1980 789,704
1990 983,403
2000 1,321,045
2005 1,461,575
2006 1,512,986

According to the 2000 census, there were 1,321,045 people, 465,834 households, and 307,450 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,782 people per square mile (1,074/km²). There were 495,832 housing units at an average density of 1,044 per square mile (403/km²). Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


There were 465,834 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were heterosexual married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.39. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population age distribution was 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $41,207, and the median income for a family was $46,467. Males had a median income of $32,820 versus $27,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,833. 15.8% of the population and 11.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.0% of those under the age of 18 and 10.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


As of 2000, the racial makeup of the Phoenix was 71.1% White, 5.1% African American, 2.0% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 16.4% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. 34.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[24] Since the 2000 census, the non-Hispanic White population in Phoenix dropped below 50%, according to William Frey, a demographer with the Brookings Institution.[25] For other uses, see Race (disambiguation). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably with Caucasian American[3] and within the United States simply white[4]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent residing in the United States. ... The Brookings Institution is a United States nonprofit public policy think tank based in Washington, D.C.. Described in 1977, by TIME magazine as as the nations pre-eminent liberal think tank,[1] the institution is devoted to public service through research and education in the social sciences, particularly...


In 2000, the Phoenix metro area's religious composition was reported as 45% Catholic, 13% Mormon (concentrated heavily in the suburb of Mesa) and 5% Jewish. The remaining 37% are largely members of Protestant denominations or are unaffiliated.[26] Other minority religious communities and places of worship are represented in Phoenix including Hinduism, Islam, and Buddhism.[citation needed] Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


Government

The Arizona State Capitol, which used to house the state legislature, is now a museum

Being the capital of Arizona, Phoenix houses the state legislature. In 1913, the commission form of government was adopted. The city of Phoenix is served by a city council consisting of a mayor and eight city council members. The mayor is elected At Large, to a four-year term. Phoenix City Council members are elected to four-year terms by voters in each of the eight separate districts that they represent. The current mayor of Phoenix is Phil Gordon, who was elected to a four-year term in 2003 and re-elected to an additional four-year term in 2007. The mayor and city council members have equal voting power to adopt ordinances and set the policies that govern the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Azcap. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Azcap. ... The Arizona State Capitol The Arizona State Capitol building in Phoenix, Arizona formerly housed the Territorial and State Legislatures, as well as various executive offices. ... The Arizona State Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of Arizona. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The following is a list of the mayors of Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Phoenix City Council includes the mayor and 8 coucilmen. ... Portrait of Phoenix, Arizona Mayor Phil Gordon. ...


Phoenix operates under a council-manager form of government, with a strong City Manager supervising all City departments and executing policies adopted by the Council.

See also: List of mayors of Phoenix, Arizona, List of Foreign Consulates in Phoenix

The following is a list of the mayors of Phoenix, Arizona. ... The following list are countries that currently have Consulate offices in Phoenix, Arizona:[1] ^ Foreign Consular Offices in the United States. ...

Education

Public education in the Phoenix area is provided by over 30 school districts.[27] The Phoenix Union High School District operates most of the public high schools in the city of Phoenix. Charter schools such as North Pointe Preparatory School also exist. Phoenix Union High School District is a school district based in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. ...


The main institution of higher education in the area is Arizona State University, with its main campus located in Tempe, and satellite campuses in Phoenix and Mesa. ASU is currently one of the largest public universities in the U.S., with a 2006 student enrollment of 58,782. Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ...


Grand Canyon University is the nations only private, for profit, Christian University. Initially a public school started in 1949, it was purchased by three investors who brought it out of bankruptcy. Since the takeover in 2004, enrollment has increased each year. It currently has over 10,000 students, almost 85% attend the school online. Grand Canyon University is a for-profit, non-denominational Christian university in Phoenix, Arizona. ...


Thunderbird School of Global Management, is regarded as the world's leading institution in the education of global managers and has operations in the United States (Glendale), Switzerland, Czech Republic, Russia, Mexico, Central and South America and China. Ranked No. 1 in international business by The Wall Street Journal's poll of corporate recruiters, U.S. News and World Report, and the Financial Times, Thunderbird is unique in its commitment to producing global leaders who contribute to sustainable prosperity worldwide. Thunderbird School of Global Management is a business school in the United States, and the first and oldest graduate school specializing in international management and global business. ...


The fast growing Western Governors University opened a business office in Phoenix in 2006. WGU is an online non-profit university. Governor Napolitano is on the WGU board. Western Governors University (WGU) is a non-profit, online university that specializes in adult education. ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ...


The University of Phoenix is also headquartered in Phoenix. This is the nation's largest private, for-profit university with over 130,000 students at campuses throughout the United States (including Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico, and the Netherlands. University of Phoenix (UOP) is a for-profit educational institution specializing in adult education, with campuses located throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. ... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ... A for-profit organization is an organization whose primary objective is the generation of profit. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...


University of Advancing Technology is also located in Phoenix and is a small private technology oriented school. They do not have a campus, and instead rent apartments from apartment complexes, in which students can live. Collins College (a private, for-profit career college focusing on design and technology) has similar student housing methods. The school is located in Tempe, with a branch campus in Phoenix. University of Advancing Technology (UAT) is a for-profit institution of higher education located in Tempe, Arizona. ... // Collins College is a for-profit school and is a subsidiary of Career Education Corporation. ... Tempe is a variant spelling for the food Tempeh. ...


DeVry University and Argosy University operate post-secondary schools on the west side of Phoenix. DeVry University and DeVry Institute of Technology are divisions of Devry Inc. ...


There are also ten community colleges and two skills centers throughout Maricopa County, providing adult education and job training. The Maricopa County Community College District, in Maricopa County, Arizona, is one of the largest community college districts in the world. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...

See also: List of school districts in Phoenix, Arizona

The following is a list of school districts that serve the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ...

Transportation

Air

Phoenix is served by Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX), which is centrally located in the metro area near several major freeway interchanges east of downtown Phoenix. Sky Harbor is the ninth-busiest airport in the U.S. and 18th in the world[28] for passenger traffic, handling more than 41 million travelers in 2006. The airport serves more than 100 cities with non-stop flights.[29] British Airways, Air Canada, WestJet, and Aeromexico are among several international carriers as well as American carrier US Airways providing flights to destinations such as London, Canada, Costa Rica and Mexico.[30] “PHX” redirects here. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... A WestJet Boeing 737-700 WestJet Airlines Ltd. ... Aerom xico, is one of Mexicos two major airline companies. ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline[1] headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


The Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport (IATA: AZA, ICAO: KIWA) in neighboring Mesa also serves the area's commercial air traffic. It was converted from Williams Air Force Base, which closed in 1993. Attempts are being made to convert it to a commercial airport to relieve traffic at Sky Harbor. The airport has occasionally received Boeing 737s from charter airlines to carry passengers to nearby destinations. “AZA” redirects here. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... Williams Air Force Base was the leading pilot training facility of the United States Air Force for many years, supplying 25% of all pilots. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ...


Smaller airports that primarily handle private and corporate jets include Phoenix Deer Valley Airport (IATA: DVT, ICAO: KDVT), located in the Deer Valley district of northwest Phoenix, as well as municipal airports in several area suburbs. Phoenix Deer Valley Airport (IATA: DVT, ICAO: KDVT) is a public airport located 15 miles (24 km) north of Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. The airport is home to more than 1,250 based aircraft and had more than 352,000 takeoffs and landings in 2004. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ...


Public transportation

Public transportation throughout the metropolitan area is provided by Valley Metro, which operates a system of buses and a rideshare program. Valley Metro is currently building Valley Metro Rail, a light rail project, which is scheduled for completion in 2008. As of 2004 (when Houston, Texas started running its METRORail), Phoenix has been the largest US city devoid of a rail transit system. Interest has also been expressed in Phoenix and several neighboring cities for the creation of a commuter rail system operating on existing railroad lines.[31] Valley Metro, officially named the Regional Public Transportation Authority (RPTA), is the system responsible for public transit in the area of Phoenix and Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Valley Metro, officially named the Regional Public Transportation Authority (RPTA), is the system responsible for public transit in the area of Phoenix and Maricopa County, Arizona. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... METRORail is the light rail service in Houston, Texas, United States that started on January 1, 2004. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ...


Amtrak no longer serves Phoenix Union Station; Phoenix is the largest city in the United States with no downtown intercity passenger rail service. The Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle stop three times a week at Maricopa, thirty miles south of downtown Phoenix. (For shuttle and other travel information, see the Texas Eagle site). Amtrak Thruway buses connect Sky Harbor to Flagstaff for connection with the daily Southwest Chief service to Los Angeles and Chicago. Phoenix is served by Greyhound bus service, with the station at 24th Street located near the airport. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Union Station is located at 401 South 4th Avenue in downtown Phoenix, Arizona. ... Amtraks eastbound Sunset Limited at the Houston Amtrak station. ... The Texas Eagle is a 1306-mile (2102 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the central and western United States. ... Maricopa is a city (during the 2000 census was a census-designated place) in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Coconino County Government  - Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area  - City  98. ... The Southwest Chief snaking through Apache Canyon, NM The Southwest Chief (formerly the Southwest Limited) is a passenger train operated by Amtrak along a 2256-mile (3631-km) route through the Midwestern and Southwestern United States. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Greyhound Lines is the largest inter-city common carrier of passengers by bus in North America , serving 2,200 destinations in the United States. ...


Major streets

The street system in Phoenix is laid out in a traditional grid system, with most roads oriented either North-South or East-West. The zero point is the intersection of Central Avenue and Washington Street. Numbered Avenues run north-south west of Central; numbered Streets run north-south east of Central. Major arterial streets are spaced one mile apart. The one-mile blocks are divided into approximately 800 house numbers, although this varies. Scottsdale Road, being 7200 East, is approximately 7200 / 800 = 9 miles east of Central. The Valley Metro bus numbers are also based on this numbering system, with the Central Avenue bus being Route Zero, and Scottsdale Road being Route 72. Compass rose with north highlighted and at top Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ...


Freeways and expressways

Phoenix Area Freeway System

Phoenix has been expanding its highway system. In 1985, voters passed a proposition establishing a ½ cent general sales tax to fund new urban freeways: The 51, the Loop 101 (Agua Fria Freeway/Pima Freeway/Price Freeway), the 143 (the Hohokam Expressway), the 153 (the Sky Harbor Expressway), the Loop 202 (the Red Mountain and Santan Freeways), and the Loop 303 (the Estrella Freeway), and the final section of the I-10. Most of these have been completed by 2005, with the Loop 202 and the Loop 303 being in the final stages of construction and development. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Nickname: The Old Pueblo Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Pima Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area    - City 505. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Bobby Bryant Area  - City  145. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Jim Cavanagh Area  - City  116. ... Avondale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... Interstate 17 is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Arizona, United States. ... Compass rose with north highlighted and at top Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nickname: Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Coconino County Government  - Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area  - City  98. ... Anthem, Arizona is the result of a Del Webb development on a large parcel of land adjacent to New River, Arizona. ... State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Paradise Valley is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 14,558. ... US 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ... Apache Junction is a city primarily in Pinal County, Arizona, USA, with a small portion in Maricopa County. ... Arizona State Route 101, or Loop 101, is a 60-mile (97 km) semi-beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... Arizona State Highway 202, or Loop 202, is the partially constructed beltway encompassing the eastern Phoenix Metropolitan area. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... State Route 303, also known as SR-303L, Loop 303 and Bob Stump Memorial Parkway, is a state highway that was maintained by Maricopa County[2] in central Arizona serving the far western suburbs of the Phoenix metropolitan area until 2004 when the Arizona Department of Transportation again took the... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Bobby Bryant Area  - City  145. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Jim Cavanagh Area  - City  116. ... State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. ... State Route 101, or Loop 101, is a 60-mile (97 km) semi-beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... State Route 143, also known as SR-143 and Hohokam Expressway, is an access-controlled expressway in Maricopa County, Arizona that runs from the Interstate 10 junction at 48th Street in Phoenix to a junction with State Route 202. ... State Route 153, also known as SR-153 and the Sky Harbor Expressway, is a road in Maricopa County, Arizona that runs from State Route 202 in Phoenix south to a junction with University Road. ... State Route 202, or Loop 202, is the partially constructed beltway encompassing the eastern Phoenix, Arizona Metropolitan area. ... State Route 303, also known as SR-303, Loop 303 and Estrella Parkway, is a state highway maintained by Maricopa County[1] in central Arizona serving the far western suburbs of the Phoenix metropolitan area. ...


In a recent study according to Forbes "America's 12 Worst Traffic Traps"[2], Phoenix's I-10 and 51 interchange also known by locals as the "Mini-Stack" ranked number four in terms of delays with an annual 22 million hours of delays each year only behind Los Angeles, Houston, and Chicago. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Houston redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


Because Phoenix freeways were funded primarily by local sales tax dollars rather than federal money, newer freeways are given state route designation rather than Interstate designation. Phoenix is the largest city in the United States to have no 3-digit Interstates.


Other modes

Bicycle transportation is also an option, and the Maricopa Association of Governments has a bicycle advisory committee working to improve conditions for bicycling on city streets as well as off-road paths.[32]


Sister cities

Phoenix, Arizona has ten sister cities, as designated by the Phoenix Sister Cities Commission:[33] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Roman Odeon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Cheng-tu), located in southwest China, is the capital of Sichuan province and a sub-provincial city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... For people named Ennis, see Ennis (surname). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Grenoble (Arpitan: Grasanòbol) is a city and commune in south-east France situated at the foot of the Alps where the Drac joins the Isère River. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Hermosillo is the capital of the state of Sonora, México. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Himeji (Japanese: 姫路市, Himeji-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. ... Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is located in the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew רמת גן Arabic رمات جان Name Meaning Garden Heights Founded in 1921 Government City District Tel Aviv Population 127,400 (2004) Jurisdiction 12,214 dunams (12 km²) Mayor Zvi Bar Ramat Gans location within the Tel Aviv District Ramat Gan is a city in the Tel Aviv District of Israel which borders... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ...

See also

This is a list of notable past and present residents of the U.S. city of Phoenix, Arizona, and its surrounding metropolitan area. ... A photograph of the lights taken on March 13, 1997 by Lynne D. Kitei The Phoenix Lights, sometimes referred to as the Lights over Phoenix, is the popular name given to a series of optical phenomena that took place in the sky over the U.S. states of Arizona, Nevada... Joseph M. (Joe) Arpaio (born June 14, 1932 in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States) is a law enforcement officer and the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... The term tent city covers a wide variety of usually temporary housing made of tents. ...

References

  1. ^ "Phoenix, Arizona -- Population Finder." United States Census Bureau. 2005. Retrieved on June 27, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Population Estimates for the 25 Largest U.S. Cities based on July 1, 2006 Population Estimates (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-6-28.
  3. ^ Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CBSA-EST2006-01), United States Census Bureau, 2007-04-05. Accessed 2007-09-11.
  4. ^ a b "Out of the Ashes, Early Life along the Salt River." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  5. ^ "Out of the Ashes, Phoenix is Born." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  6. ^ "Out of the Ashes, Selecting a Townsite." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  7. ^ a b "Out of the Ashes, The Great Sale." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  8. ^ "Out of the Ashes, Whole Town Worth $550." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  9. ^ "Out of the Ashes, Incorporation in 1881." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  10. ^ a b "Out of the Ashes, Transportation: Horses and Rails." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  11. ^ "SRP: Historical timeline." Salt River Project. Retrieved on November 30, 2006.
  12. ^ "Out of the Ashes, Roosevelt and Reclamation." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  13. ^ "Out of the Ashes, Establishing a Council-Manager Government." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  14. ^ a b "Out of the Ashes, Growing into a Metropolis." City of Phoenix. Retrieved on November 26, 2006.
  15. ^ "Arizona does not need daylight saving time." Arizona Daily Star. Published on May 19, 2005. Retrieved on December 15, 2006.
  16. ^ "Phoenix 100 Degree Temperature Facts." National Weather Service - Phoenix. Retrieved on December 15, 2006.
  17. ^ http://geography.asu.edu/cerveny/wxpart4.htm#sun2
  18. ^ Mean Number of Days With Minimum Temperature 32 Degrees F or Less. National Climatic Data Center. June 23, 2004. Last Retrieved February 16, 2006.
  19. ^ "Phoenix Snowfall History." National Weather Service - Phoenix. Retrieved on December 15, 2006.
  20. ^ "Village Planning Committees." Phoenix City Government. January 9, 2007. Retrieved on February 22, 2007.
  21. ^ Holmes, Gary. "Nielsen Reports 1.1% increase in U.S. Television Households for the 2006-2007 Season." Nielsen Media Research. August 23, 2006. Retrieved on March 13, 2007.
  22. ^ "Titles with locations including Phoenix, Arizona, USA." IMDb. Retrieved on May 3, 2007.
  23. ^ Gibson, Campbell. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990." United States Census Bureau. June, 1998. Retrieved on October 7, 2006.
  24. ^ Phoenix (city) MapStats from FedStats
  25. ^ Changing Face of Western Cities
  26. ^ Religion demographic data from The Association of Religion Data Archives.
  27. ^ "Schools in Phoenix." Phoenix.gov.
  28. ^ "Airports Council International Passenger Traffic, 2006 Final." Airports Council International. Retrieved on August 08, 2007.
  29. ^ "Sky Harbor International Airport Domestic Destinations." Sky Harbor International Airport. Retrieved on August 08, 2007.
  30. ^ "Sky Harbor International Airport International Destinations." Sky Harbor International Airport. Retrieved on August 08, 2007.
  31. ^ Staff Writer. "A Brief History of Public Transportation in Metro Phoenix." Arizona Rail Passenger Association. Retrieved on January 2, 2007.
  32. ^ "MAG Regional Bike Map 2005." Maricopa Association of Governments. Retrieved on April 21, 2006.
  33. ^ Sister Cities information obtained from the Phoenix Sister Cities Commission." Retrieved on April 21, 2006.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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External links

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Coordinates: 33.448457° N 112.073844° W Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Phoenix, Arizona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (8425 words)
Phoenix natives and residents are referred to as Phoenicians.
The Phoenix area is surrounded by the McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Tank Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains far to the east, and the Sierra Estrella to the southwest.
The early economy of Phoenix was primarily agricultural, dependent mainly on cotton and citrus farming.
Phoenix, Arizona - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (7119 words)
Phoenix /ˈfiːˌnɪks/ (O'odham: Skikik) is the state capital of Arizona, and was incorporated as a city on February 25, 1881.
Phoenix is located in central Arizona in the southwestern United States, 118 miles (188 kilometers) northwest of Tucson.
Phoenix was ranked as the #1 hottest city in the U.S., and #2 as the driest city in the U.S. on The Weather Channel's "Top 10".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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