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Encyclopedia > Phoenix, AZ

Phoenix is the capital, largest city and largest metropolitan area in the state of Arizona, United States. Phoenix ranked: In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Other U.S. States Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano Official languages English Only State Area 295,254 km² (6th)  - Land 294,312 km²  - Water 942 km² (0. ...

  • the fifth-largest city in the U.S., at about 1.6 million population (passed Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 2004)
  • the 14th largest metropolitan area of the United States, with a population of 3,251,876 (as of the 2000 census)
  • the largest capital city by area and population in the U.S. (including Washington, DC)
  • the eighth-fastest growing metropolitan area in the U.S. (2000 census)

Phoenix was incorporated on February 5, 1881. It is the county seat of Maricopa County and the principal city of the Phoenix metropolitan area. Independence Hall Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as Philly or the City of Brotherly Love) is the fifth-most-populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, occupying all of Philadelphia County. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes Phoenix, Arizona. ...


Phoenix is called Hoodzo (lit. 'the place is hot') in Navajo (a language spoken in Arizona & New Mexico) and Fiinigis in Western Apache (a language spoken in Arizona). Navajo (Diné bizaad) (occasionally spelled Navaho) is a Southern Athabaskan or Apachean language of the Athabaskan language family, belonging to the Na-Dené phylum. ... State nickname: Land of Enchantment Other U.S. States Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson Official languages English and Spanish Area 315,194 km² (5th)  - Land 314,590 km²  - Water 607 km² (0. ... Links Western Apache-English Dictionary (White Mountain) White Mountain Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) San Carlos Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) Tonto Apache Tribe (Arizona Intertribal Council) Yavapai-Apache Nation Official Website Yavapai-Apache Nation (Arizona Intertribal Council) White Mountain Apache Tribe White Mountain Apache photographs map of Fort Apache...

Phoenix, Arizona
Seal of the City of Phoenix
City flag City seal
City nickname: "Valley of the Sun"

Location in the state of Arizona
Founded May 4, 1868
County Maricopa County
Mayor Phil Gordon
Area
 - Total
 - Water

1,230.5 km² (475.1 mi²)
0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) 0.05%
Population
 - City (2000)
 - Metropolitan
 - Density

1,321,045
3,251,876
1,074/km²
Time zone Mountian: UTC–7
Coordinates
WGS-84 (GPS)
33.5283° N 112.0763° W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=33.5283_N_112.0763_W_region:US_type:city)
phoenix.gov
Contents

1.1 Prehistory
1.2 Origin of the city
1.3 Prosperity and modernity
Flag of Phoenix, Arizona File links The following pages link to this file: Phoenix, Arizona Categories: Flag images ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A flag is a piece of cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually intended for signaling or identification. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Nick is short for Nicholas). ... Download high resolution version (834x584, 33 KB)Map of approximate corporate boundary of Phoenix, Arizona, within Maricopa County File links The following pages link to this file: Phoenix, Arizona ... State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Other U.S. States Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano Official languages English Only State Area 295,254 km² (6th)  - Land 294,312 km²  - Water 942 km² (0. ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ...

History

Prehistory

The earliest settlers in the Valley of the Sun were the Hohokam people, who lived there as early as 300 BC. They were the first to farm there, building an elaborate canal system that brought water from the Salt River. Their name is derived from the Pima (Akimel O'otham) phrase, Ho Ho Kam, "the people who have gone". They also lived in the Pueblo Grande ruins between 700 and 1400 A.D. They were industrious, enterprising, and imaginative. Their irrigation system comprised some 135 miles (217 km) of canals. Their disappearance ca. 1450 A.D. remains a mystery. Prolonged drought may have destroyed or displaced them; or, they may be the ancestors of the modern Pima Indians who now live on the Salt River and Gila River reservations, or the Tohono O'odham Indians who live in southern Arizona. Hohokam is the name of one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of the American Southwest. ... The Pima are a group of Native Americans living in central and southern Arizona and what is now Mexico. ... Salt River may refer to: The Salt River in Arizona in the United States The Salt River in Kentucky in the United States Two rivers named the Salt River in Michigan in the United States The Salt River in Missouri in the United States The Salt River in West Virginia... The Gila River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Gila River (Pima: Hila Akimel) is a tributary of the Colorado River, 630 mile (1,014 km) long, in the southwestern United States. ... The Past The Tohono Oodham are a Native American tribe formerly known as the Papago who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert. ...


Origin of the city

In 1867, Jack Swilling of Wickenburg stopped to rest his horse at the foot of the north slopes of the White Tank Mountains. He looked down across the expansive Salt River Valley and his eyes caught the rich gleam of the brown, dry soil turned up by the horse's hooves. He saw farmland, predominantly free of rocks, and beyond the reach of heavy frost or snow. All it needed was water. By 1868, he and others from Wickenburg had dug a short canal from the Salt River and founded a small farming colony approximately four miles (6 km) east of the present city (about 22 miles west of Mesa, which was already a city of 1,000 people; and a few miles northwest of a similar farming community at Hayden's Ferry, which would become Tempe). 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... John Jack Swilling (April 1, 1830 – August 12, 1878) was one of the original founders of the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Wickenburg is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The Salt River, a tributary of the Gila, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Salt River (Pima: Onk Akimel) is a tributary of the Gila River, approximately 200 mi (322 km) long, in central Arizona in the United States. ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ...


The area was named Swilling's Mill in his honor. It would later become Hellinwg Mill, Mill City, then East Phoenix. As for the town that was to be built, Swilling, a former Confederate soldier, wanted to name it Stonewall, after Stonewall Jackson; others suggested Salina. Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February, 1861, to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when eleven southern states seceded from the United States. ... Stonewall Jackson For the 1960s country music artist, see Stonewall Jackson (musician); for the submarine, see USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634). ...


Darrel Duppa recommended the name Phoenix, memorializing the birth of a new civilization from the ruins left by the Hohokam. Phillip Darrel Duppa, was a pioneer in the settlement of the state of Arizona in the United States. ...


The town of Phoenix was officially recognized on May 4, 1868, when the Board of Supervisors of Yavapai County (which at the time encompassed Phoenix), formed an election precinct there. The Phoenix post office was established June 15, 1868, with Jack Swilling as postmaster. May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... If you are looking for different meanings of this word, see Postmaster (disambiguation) A postmaster is a term used in post offices to denote the head or master of the office. ...


The area was surveyed in 1870 and mass meeting of the citizens of Salt River Valley was held on October 20, 1870, to select a suitable piece of unimproved public land for a town site. They recommended the North 1/2 of section 8 Township 1 N., Range 3 E. and that the town be called Phoenix. 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


On February 12, 1871, the territorial legislature created Maricopa County, the sixth in the state, by dividing Yavapai County. Maricopa county gave up portions in 1875 and 1881 to help form Pinal and Gila counties, respectively. The first county election in Maricopa County was held in 1871, when Tom Barnum was elected the first sheriff of Maricopa County. February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Gila County is located in the central part of the state of Arizona. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The first public school in Phoenix opened on September 5, 1872, in the courtroom of the county building. By October 1873, a small adobe school building was completed on Center Street (now Central Avenue), a short distance north of where the San Carlos Hotel now stands. Miss Nellie Shaver, a newcomer from Wisconsin, was appointed as the first female schoolteacher in Phoenix. September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


On April 10, 1874, President Grant issued a land patent for the present site of Phoenix. The total cost of the Phoenix Townsite of 320 acres (1.3 km2) was $550, including all expenses for services. April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A land patent is the right of ownership to a tract of land, usually granted by the federal or state government to an individual or private company. ...


By 1881, Phoenix had outgrown its original townsite-commissioner form of government. The 11th Territorial Legislature passed the Phoenix Charter Bill, incorporating Phoenix and providing for a mayor-council government. The bill was signed by Governor John C. Fremont on February 25, 1881. Phoenix was incorporated with a population of approximately 2,500, and on May 3, 1881, Phoenix held its first city election, in which Judge John T. Alsap defeated James D. Monihon, 127 to 107, to become the city's first Mayor. 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... John C. Frémont John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813-July 13, 1890), birth name John Charles Fremon [Harvey, p. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Prosperity and modernity

Arizona state capitol building in Phoenix, 1975

The coming of the railroad in the 1880s was the first of several important events that revolutionized the economy of Phoenix. Merchandise now flowed into the city by rail instead of wagon. Phoenix became a trade center with its products reaching eastern and western markets. In recognition of the increased tempo of economic life, the Phoenix Chamber of Commerce was organized on November 4, 1888. Download high resolution version (1500x2250, 761 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1500x2250, 761 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...


In early 1888, the city offices were moved into the new City Hall, built where the downtown bus terminal now stands. This building also provided temporary offices for the territorial government when it moved to Phoenix from Prescott in 1889. 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Prescott is a city located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the National Reclamation Act making it possible to build dams on western streams for reclamation purposes. Valley of the Sun residents were quick to supplement this federal action by organizing the Salt River Valley Waters Users' Association on February 4, 1903, to assure proper management of the precious water supply. It functions to this day as the major agency for controlled use of irrigation water in the Valley. 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Order: 26th President Vice President: Charles Warren Fairbanks Term of office: September 14, 1901 – March 3, 1909 Preceded by: William McKinley Succeeded by: William Howard Taft Date of birth: October 27, 1858 Place of birth: New York City Date of death: January 6, 1919 Place of death: Oyster Bay, New... The Newlands Reclamation Act (or National Reclamation Act) of 1902, named for its author, Representative Francis G. Newlands of Nevada, funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of the American West. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ...


On May 18, 1911, the Theodore Roosevelt Dam, then the largest masonry dam in the world, began operation. It created Roosevelt Lake, expanded irrigation of land in the Valley for farming, and increased the water supply for the growing population. May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ...


On February 14, 1912, President William Howard Taft approved Arizona's statehood, making Phoenix the state capital. February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Order: 27th President Vice President: James S. Sherman Term of office: March 4, 1909 – March 3, 1913 Preceded by: Theodore Roosevelt Succeeded by: Woodrow Wilson Date of birth: September 15, 1857 Place of birth: Cincinnati, Ohio Date of death: March 8, 1930 Place of death: Washington D.C. First Lady...


In 1913, Phoenix changed its form of government from mayor-council to council-manager. Phoenix was one of the first cities in the United States to have this form of city government. 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ...


In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge sold 13,000 acres (53 km²) of South Mountain to the city of Phoenix for $17,000. At its present size of 16,500 acres (67 km2), South Mountain Park is the largest metropolitan park in the world, and it entertains 3 million visitors each year. John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... South Mountain, Texas is a town in Texas. ... South Mountain Park in Phoenix, Arizona is the largest municipal park in the United States of America. ...


Phoenix began to grow into a young metropolis. By 1920, Phoenix had a population of 29,053 inhabitants, which by 1930 had grown by 60%, to 48,118. 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


1940 marked another turning point, as the war changed Phoenix from a farming center to a distribution center. Phoenix rapidly turned into an embryonic industrial city with mass production of military supplies. Luke Field, Williams Field and Falcon Field, coupled with the giant ground-training center at Hyder, west of Phoenix, brought thousands of men into Phoenix. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Luke Air Force Base, Arizona is a large air force base west of Phoenix, Arizona next to Litchfield Park, Arizona. ...


In 1950, 105,000 people lived within the city limits and thousands more lived in adjacent communities and depended upon Phoenix for their livelihoods. The city had 148 miles (238 km) of paved streets and 163 miles (262 km) of unpaved streets, a total of 311 miles (501 km) of streets within the city limits. 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Phoenix has been selected four times since 1950 as an All-America City, rare among larger cities. The hallmark of an All-America City is the extent to which its private citizens get involved in the workings of their government. Thousands of citizens have served on various city committees, boards and commissions to assure that major decisions are in the best interest of the people. All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ...


Geography

Phoenix is surrounded by twenty two towns and cities that have grown so closely together that it is almost impossible to distinguish one from another in this satellite image. The large cluster of light brown pixels gridded by horizontal and vertical lines (roads and highways) demarcates the Greater Phoenix urban area.

Phoenix is located at 33°31'42" North, 112°4'35" West (33.528370°, -112.076300°)1 in the Phoenix Valley or "Valley of the Sun" in central Arizona. It lies at a mean elevation of 1,117 feet (340 m) in the heart of the Sonoran Desert. Download high resolution version (750x750, 144 KB) Situated in southern central Arizona, Phoenix is the state’s capital and largest city. ... Download high resolution version (750x750, 144 KB) Situated in southern central Arizona, Phoenix is the state’s capital and largest city. ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Categories: Stub | Deserts | Ecoregions | Arizona geography | California geography | Geography of Mexico ...


The Greater Phoenix area has a population of 3.2 million and includes Mesa, Scottsdale, Glendale, Tempe, Chandler, Gilbert, Peoria and many smaller communities such as Goodyear, Fountain Hills, Litchfield Park, and Anthem. Major retirement communities include Sun Lakes, Sun City, and Sun City West. The community of Ahwatukee is a part of the City of Phoenix itself, but is almost entirely separated from it by South Mountain. Mormon temple in Mesa at night, courtesy Mesa Convention and Visitors Bureau Mesa is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Scottsdale (Pima Vaṣai S-veṣonĭ) is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 202,705, while a July 1, 2004 Census estimate put the citys population at 221,130--a 9. ... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Chandler is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 176,581. ... Gilbert is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 109,697, but a July 1, 2003 Census estimate put the fast-growing suburbs population at 145,250. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Goodyear is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Fountain Hills is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Litchfield Park is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Anthem, Arizona is the result of a Del Webb development on a large parcel of land adjacent to New River, Arizona. ... Sun Lakes is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City West is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Ahwatukee, (Ahwatukee Foothills Village) is an L-shaped bedroom community bordered to the north by South Mountain Park, to the east by Interstate 10 and the cities of Chandler and Tempe, and to the south by the Gila River Indian Community. ...


The Salt River runs westward through the city of Phoenix; it is typical to see the riverbed entirely dry except when unexpected runoff forces the release of water from any of the several dams upriver. The city of Tempe has built two inflatable dams in the Salt River to create a year-round recreational lake, called Tempe Town Lake. The dams are deflated to allow the river to flow unimpeded during releases. During periods of increased precipitation such as late 2004/early 2005 its current can become quite strong and regular. The Salt River, a tributary of the Gila, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Salt River (Pima: Onk Akimel) is a tributary of the Gila River, approximately 200 mi (322 km) long, in central Arizona in the United States. ... Tempe Town Lake is a man-made lake in northern Tempe, Arizona. ...


The Phoenix metropolitan area is surrounded by the McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Tank Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains far to the east, and the Sierra Estrella to the southwest. Within the city are the Phoenix Mountains and South Mountains. Current development (as of 2005) is pushing rapidly beyond the geographic boundaries to the north and west, south through Pinal County towards Tucson, and beginning to surround the large Salt River and Gila River reservations. View of the Superstition Mountains from the north side View of the Superstition Mountains from Apache Junction The Superstition Mountains are located immediately east of the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ... The Sierra Estrella is a mountain range located southwest of Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Phoenix Mountains are a mountain complex located in the northern part of the city of Phoenix, Arizona. ... The South Mountains, known locally as simply South Mountain, is a mountain range in central Arizona in south Phoenix, Arizona. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Congress Street, the main thoroughfare in downtown Tucson, Arizona. ... The Gila River Indian Community is a reservation in Arizona, south of Phoenix, Arizona, Tempe, Arizona and Chandler, Arizona. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1,230.5 km² (475.1 mi²). 1,229.9 km² (474.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.05% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Climate

Clear blue skies are typical, with an average of 300 sunny days a year. The temperature reaches or exceeds 100 °F (38 °C) on an average of 89 days during the year, including most days from early June through early September. In every year except 1911, the temperature has soared to 110 °F (43 °C) or higher. On June 26, 1990, the temperature reached an all-time high of 122 °F (50 °C). The dry Arizona air makes the hot temperatures more tolerable early in the season; however, the influx of monsoonal moisture has been known to make August in Phoenix almost as humid as summers in the Southeastern United States. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Monsoon in Vindhya in centre India A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ... The U.S. Southern states or the South, also known colloquially as Dixie, constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States, with its own unique heritage, historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ...

Phoenix Skyline

The normal annual rainfall at Sky Harbor International Airport is 8.29 inches (211 mm). March is the wettest month of the year (1.07 inches or 27 mm). Rain is particularly scarce from April through June. Although thunderstorms occur on occasion during every month of the year, they are most common during the monsoon season from July to mid-September as humid air surges in from the Gulf of California. Winter storms moving inland from the Pacific Ocean occasionally produce significant rains but occur infrequently. Fog is observed from time to time during the winter months. Blowing dust and sand, which also can restrict visibility, accompany the collapse of monsoonal thunderstorms. The wind-front creates a haboob, a wall of dust thousands of feet high. Severe thunderstorms—bringing strong winds, large hail, or tornadoes—can occur during any month of the year, but only happen an average of once or twice per year somewhere in the metropolitan area. Phoenix Skyline File links The following pages link to this file: Phoenix, Arizona Categories: User-created public domain images ... Phoenix Skyline File links The following pages link to this file: Phoenix, Arizona Categories: User-created public domain images ... Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix is Arizonas main international airport, one of the largest aviation facilities in the American Southwest and one of the top ten busiest airports in the country. ... The Gulf of California (highlighted) The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula... A haboob is a type of intense dust storm characteristic of very dry regions. ...


At the airport, the mean date of first frost is December 12 and the last is February 7; however, these dates do not represent the city as a whole because the frequency of freezes varies considerably among terrain types and elevations. Some areas of Phoenix may see frost for a month or more before and after the airport readings. The earliest frost on record occurred November 3, 1946, and the latest April 4, 1945. Successive winters without any frosts at the airport have been recorded, and the longest period without a freeze stretched from November 23, 1979 to January 31, 1985. December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Snow falls roughly one year in four, but since recording commenced in 1896 it has accumulated to 0.1 inch (0.25 cm) only 7 times. The heaviest snowstorm occurred on January 20-21, 1937, when 1 to 4 inches fell (2 to 10 cm) in parts of the city and did not melt entirely for four days. Another 1.0 inch (2.5 cm) fell on January 20, 1933. On February 2, 1935, 0.5 inches (1 cm) fell. Most recently, 0.4 inches (1 cm) fell on December 21-22, 1990. Snow also fell on March 12, 1917 November 28, 1919, and December 11, 1985. 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Government

The city of Phoenix is served by a council-manager form of government. The current mayor of Phoenix is Phil Gordon. There is an 8-person city council that represents 8 individual districts in the city of Phoenix. A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ...


Phoenix is divided into 15 "urban villages". Their primary purpose is to assist the City Council with zoning and planning ordinances. 14 of the urban villages are:

  • Ahwatukee Foothills
  • Alhambra
  • Camelback East
  • Central City
  • Deer Valley
  • Desert Ridge
  • Desert View
  • Encanto
  • Estrella
  • Laveen
  • Maryvale
  • North Gateway
  • North Mountain
  • Paradise Valley
  • South Mountain

The 15th remains unnamed; it is listed as "New Village" on the city's Village Planning Committee website [1] (http://phoenix.gov/PLANNING/vpcommtt.html). This village was created in 2004 after the approval of new annexations in extreme northern Maricopa County. The new annexation is sparsely populated (if at all) and new development is not expected in the near future.


Economy

Formerly an agricultural economy dependent mostly on cotton and citrus farming, Phoenix in the last two decades has diversified as rapidly as the population has grown. Many of the area's residents are employed by the state government since Phoenix is the capital of Arizona. Numerous high-tech and telecommunications companies have located in the Valley of the Sun. Arizona State University has enhanced the area's population through education and its growing research capabilities. Due to the warm climate in winter, Phoenix benefits greatly from seasonal tourism and recreation, and has a particularly vibrant golf industry. Arizona State University (ASU) is (as of 2004) the third-largest university in the United States with a student body of 57,543. ...


Public corporations headquartered in the area

  • Allied Waste Industries Inc
  • America West Airlines
  • Apollo Group Inc
  • Arizona Land Income Corp
  • Avnet, Inc
  • Aztar Corp
  • Best Western International
  • eFUNDS Corp
  • FINOVA group inc
  • Insight Enterprises Inc
  • Inter-Tel Inc
  • JDA Software Group Inc
  • Knight Transportation Inc
  • Medicis Pharmaceutical Corp
  • Mesa Air Group Inc
  • MicroChip Technology, Inc
  • Mobile Mini Inc
  • Petsmart Inc
  • Phelps Dodge Corporation
  • Pinnacle West Capital Corp (Parent Company of APS)
  • P.F. Chang's China Bistro, Inc.
  • Poore Brothers, Inc. (Goodyear-based Potato Chip maker)
  • Swift Transportation Co
  • Taser International Inc
  • Three-Five Systems Inc
  • Trujillo Corp. Industries
  • Viad Corp

America West Airlines, one of the United States ten major airlines, is based in Phoenix, Arizona and is a part of America West Holdings Corporation. ... Phelps Dodge Corporation (NYSE: PD) was founded in 1834 by Anson Greene Phelps and William E. Dodge. ... P.F. Changs China Bistro, Inc. ... Poore Brothers is a brand of potato chips that is sold mostly across the Western United States. ... Goodyear is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ...

Companies with Large Presence in the Area

A typical Albertsons store. ... U-Haul is a major American equipment rental company that has been in operation since 1945. ... American Express (NYSE: AXP) is a diversified global financial services company headquartered in the United States. ... Bank of America (BofA) (NYSE: BAC), based in Charlotte, North Carolina, is the third largest bank in the United States of America, measured in assets. ... The Boeing Company ( NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, near Seattle, Washington. ... Cox Enterprises is the successor to the publishing company founded at Dayton, Ohio, by James Middleton Cox, who began with the Dayton Daily News. ... American corporation Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. ... Motorola (NYSE: MOT) (TYO: 6686) started as Galvin Manufacturing Corporation in 1928. ... Gannett Company, Inc. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... General Dynamics (NYSE: GD) is a defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures. ... Honeywell (NYSE: HON) is a major American multinational corporation that produces electronic control systems and automation equipment. ... J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. ... Bank One, based in Chicago, Illinois, was the sixth-largest bank in the United States. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC) (founded 1968) is a US-based multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Kroger Co. ... Motorola (NYSE: MOT) (TYO: 6686) started as Galvin Manufacturing Corporation in 1928. ... Qwest Communications International Inc. ... Safeway is a brand name used by several supermarkets around the world: Safeway Inc. ... Southwest Airlines, Inc. ... UPS stands for: Ubiquitin proteasome system Underground Press Syndicate Uninterruptible power supply United Parcel Service package delivery company serving most of the world, founded in Seattle, Washington University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, WA Universal Press Syndicate USS Puget Sound Universal Pantheist Society This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Wells Fargo (NYSE: WFC) is a diversified financial services company in the United States, with consumer finance subsidiaries doing business in Canada, the Northern Mariana Islands and the Caribbean. ... The Vanguard Group is an American investment management company that offers mutual funds and other financial products and services to individual investors and institutional investors in the United States and abroad. ...

Military

The military has a significant presence in Phoenix with Luke Air Force Base located in the western suburbs. At its height, in the 1940s, the Phoenix area had 3 military bases: Luke Field (still in use), Falcon Field, and Williams-Gateway Field, with numerous auxillary air fields located throughout the region. Luke Air Force Base, Arizona is a large air force base west of Phoenix, Arizona next to Litchfield Park, Arizona. ...


Demographics

Phoenix skyline in 2001, looking west

At the census of 2000, there were 1,321,045 people, 465,834 households, and 307,450 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,074/km² (2,782/mi²). There were 495,832 housing units at an average density of 403/km² (1,044/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.07% White, 5.10% African American, 2.02% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 16.40% from other races, and 3.28% from two or more races. 34.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any country origin. Phoenix skyline in 2001, looking west. ... Phoenix skyline in 2001, looking west. ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 465,834 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.39. Marriage is a relationship and bond, most commonly between a man and a woman, that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the city the population age distribution was 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $41,207, and the median income for a family was $46,467. Males had a median income of $32,820 versus $27,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,833. 15.8% of the population and 11.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.0% of those under the age of 18 and 10.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for an area may be defined as the total personal income in an area, divided by the number of people in that area. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Media

Television

Phoenix is served by several major television stations:

KTVK is an independent television station in Phoenix, Arizona. ... KPHO-TV is the CBS affiliate for Phoenix, Arizona. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... KSAZ is the call sign for FOX networks affiliate in Phoenix, Arizona. ... A red fox The foxes comprise 23 species of omnivorous canids, found worldwide. ... KPNX is the NBC affiliate for Phoenix, based in Mesa, AZ. It had been #3 in the ratings for many years until a massive shift in network affiliations in Phoenix occurred in the mid 1990s. ... The 1986 Peacock logo, designed by Chermayeff & Geismar. ... KNXV-TV is a local ABC affiliate for Phoenix, Arizona. ... The ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the worlds largest Christian television network, with a larger U.S. viewership than its three main competitor networks combined. ... Univisión is one of the largest Spanish language television channels in the United States. ... KUTP is a television station. ... The official logo for UPN. UPN is a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc. ... Founded by Angel Ramos in the early 1950s in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Telemundo is an international media network with a conglomerate of Spanish-language television channels as its base. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ...

Radio

This list is incomplete


AM

  • 550 - KFYI - Conservative Talk Radio - Fox - Clear Channel
  • 620 - KTAR - News/Talk Radio - ABC
  • 710 - KMIA - Spanish News/Talk (Radiovisa network) - Black Canyon City
  • 740 - KDIR - Spanish talk (Radio Formula network from Mexico) - Phoenix
  • 860 - KMVP - Sports - ESPN
  • 910 - KGME - Sports - Clear Channel
  • 960 - KKNT - "The Patriot" - News/Talk Radio - Salem Broadcasting
  • 1010 - KXXT - Air America Radio - Tolleson
  • 1060 - KDUS - Sports - Sporting News - Tempe
  • 1100 - KFNX - News/Talk - CNN - - Cave Creek
  • 1150 - KCKY - Spanish Christian - Coolidge
  • 1190 - KMYL - Talk - NBC - Tolleson
  • 1230 - KOY - Nostalgia - CNN - Clear Channel
  • 1280 - KXEG - Christian - Phoenix
  • 1310 - KXAM - Talk - CNN - Mesa
  • 1360 - KPXQ - Religious/Talk - Glendale
  • 1400 - KSUN - Regional Mexican Music - Phoenix
  • 1440 - KAZG - Oldies - Scottsdale
  • 1480 - KPHX - Comedy Radio (via satellite) - Phoenix
  • 1510 - KFNN - Finance - Fox - Mesa
  • 1580 - KMIK - Radio Disney - Mesa

FM ESPN, an abbreviation of Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Logo of Air America Radio, a liberal, U.S. radio network and program syndicator Air America Radio is a liberal radio network and program syndication service in the United States, launched on March 31, 2004, which features a liberal, left-wing or progressive point of view and specializes in hosts... Radio Disney is a radio network in the United States broadcasting music and other content targeted at children. ...

  • 89.5 - KBAQ - Classical - Phoenix
  • 91.5 - KJZZ - Public Radio: News/Talk days; Jazz: M-F eve; Blues: Sun eve.
  • 92.7 / 101.1 KNRJ-FM - Dance/Club Music - Payson
  • 93.3 - KDKB - Album Rock - Mesa
  • 95.5 - KYOT - Smooth Jazz
  • 96.9 - KMXP - Adult Contemporary
  • 97.9 - KUPD - Album Rock (98 KUPD)
  • 100.7 - KSLX - Classic Rock
  • 101.5 - KZON - Alternative Rock (The Zone)
  • 103.1 - KCDX-FM- 60s-80s album rock (no DJs, no commercials)
  • 103.9 - KEDJ - Alternative Rock (The Edge)
  • 107.9 - KMLE - Country

Smooth jazz is a controversial term, denoting a form of music that many jazz lovers do not consider to be a form of jazz, and that others do. ... KCDX-FM (103. ...

Newspaper

Phoenix's first publication was the Salt River Valley Herald. It later changed its name to the Phoenix Herald in 1880. By this time, the paper had progressed from a weekly publication to semiweekly.


The city has two major newspapers: The Arizona Republic serves the greater metropolitan area and The East Valley Tribune tends to focus on East Valley issues. In addition, the city is also served by numerous free neighborhood papers and weeklies such as the Phoenix New Times, Arizona State University's State Press, and the College Times. For 40 years, The Bachelor's Beat, a paid weekly newspaper has covered local politics while selling ads for area strip clubs and escort services. The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is (as of 2004) the third-largest university in the United States with a student body of 57,543. ...


Sports

Sport teams

Nine Major League Baseball teams conduct spring training in Greater Phoenix; these teams, plus three that train in Tucson, are collectively known as the Cactus League.
See also: U.S. cities with teams from four major sports.

Arizona Diamondbacks National League AAA Tucson Sidewinders AA Tennessee Smokies A Lancaster JetHawks South Bend Silver Hawks Yakima Bears R Missoula Osprey The Arizona Diamondbacks are a Major League Baseball team based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... Congress Street, the main thoroughfare in downtown Tucson, Arizona. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... Conference NFC Division West Founded 1898 Home Field Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona Colors Cardinal red and white Head Coach Dennis Green All-Time Record (W-L-T) (At Start of 2005 Season) 448-642-39 The Arizona Cardinals are a National Football League team based in Tempe, Arizona. ... The National Football League (NFL) is the largest and most popular professional American football league, consisting of thirty-two teams from American cities. ... Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The Phoenix Suns are a National Basketball Association team based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... NBA logo The National Basketball Association of the United States and Canada, commonly known as the NBA, is the premier professional basketball league in North America. ... The Phoenix Mercury are a Womens National Basketball Association team in Phoenix, Arizona that began in 1997 as one of the leagues original eight teams. ... The Womens National Basketball Association or WNBA is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... The Phoenix Coyotes are a National Hockey League team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The Phoenix Roadrunners are an ECHL hockey team set to begin play for the 2005-2006 season in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The ECHL is a professional hockey minor league based in the United States and Canada, generally regarded as being a tier below the American Hockey League. ... Arizona Rattlers are an Arena Football League team, based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Arena Football League was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... The Arizona Sting are a member of the National Lacrosse League a professional sports league in North America, since the 2000-2001 season. ... The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is the professional league of mens indoor lacrosse in North America. ... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... In the United States, the four prominent major sports leagues are Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Hockey League (NHL). ...

Sport venues

America West Arena is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Bank One Ballpark, also known as The BOB, is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Drag racing is a form of auto racing in which cars attempt to complete a fairly short, straight and level course in the shortest amount of time. ... The Glendale Arena is an indoor arena located in Glendale, Arizona, in the suburbs of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Sprint cars are small, high-powered race cars designed primarily for the purpose of running in short races (generally, five to fifty miles) on short tracks, which are often not paved (dirt tracks). The high power-to-weight ratio makes sprint car racing exciting; it often also makes it very... Phoenix International Raceway is a one mile tri-oval race track located in Avondale, AZ. It opened in 1964, but wasnt used by NASCAR until 1988, with the first race won by the late Alan Kulwicki. ... The Indy Racing League, better known as IRL, is the promoter of a predominantly oval based open-wheel racing series in the United States and more recently, Japan. ... Drivers practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Sun Devil Stadium is located on the campus of Arizona State University in the Phoenix suburb of Tempe. ...

Sport events

The Fiesta Bowl, now sponsored by Tostitos tortilla chips (a Frito-Lay product), is a United States college football game played annually since 1971 in Tempe, Arizona. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is (as of 2004) the third-largest university in the United States with a student body of 57,543. ... Sun Devil Stadium is located on the campus of Arizona State University in the Phoenix suburb of Tempe. ... The Insight Bowl is an NCAA-sanctioned Division I-A post-season college American football bowl game played in Arizona since 1989. ... Bank One Ballpark, also known as The BOB, is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Phoenix Open (FBR Open) The Phoenix Open is a nationally televised golf tournament held at the Tournament Players Club (TPC) in Scottsdale, Arizona around the last weekend in January. ... The PGA Tour is an organization which is headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, USA. It operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ... LPGA stands for the Ladies Professional Golf Association. ... The Tradition is one of the five major championships recognised by the U.S. based Champions Tour, the worlds leading tour for male professional golfers aged fifty and up. ... The Champions Tour, a golf tour run by the PGA TOUR, hosts 30 events annually in the United States and Canada for golfers 50 and older. ...

Museums, attractions and other places of interest

America West Arena
Arizona Biltmore
Arizona Historical Society Museum
Arizona Science Center, designed by Antoine Predock
Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum at the Arizona State Fairgrounds
Bank One Ballpark
Boyce Thompson Arboretum State Park
Burton Barr Central Library, designed by Will Bruder
Camelback Mountain
Castles N' Coasters amusement park
Childsplay - Theatre for young audiences and families (http://www.childsplayaz.org)
Desert Botanical Garden
Encanto Park
Fleischer Museum
Glendale Arena
Hall of Flame
Heard Museum
Hotel San Carlos
Mystery Castle
Papago Park
Phoenix Art Museum
Phoenix Mountains Park and Recreation Area
Phoenix Museum of History
Phoenix Zoo
Pueblo Grande Museum and Cultural Park
St. Mary's Basilica:Tovrea Castle
South Mountain Park, the largest municipal park in the world with 16,500 acres.
Symphony Hall for the Phoenix Symphony at the Phoenix Civic Plaza
Taliesin West and Gammage Auditorium, both designed by Frank Lloyd Wright
Wrigley Mansion

America West Arena is a sports and entertainment facility located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Arizona Biltmore Hotel is a resort located in Phoenix, near the Biltmore Fashion Square area. ... Antoine Predock (1936 Lebanon Missouri - ) is an American architect based in Albuquerque, New Mexico and designing principally in the American southwest. ... Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum was a 14,870-seat multi-purpose arena in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Bank One Ballpark, also known as The BOB, is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Boyce Thompson Arboretum State Park is an Arizona state park located near United States. ... Will Bruder (1946, Milwaukee, Wisconsin - ), American architect most active in the American southwest. ... Camelback Mountain is a mountain of 2704 foot elevation in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Castles N Coasters is an amusement park in Phoenix, Arizona, featuring the Desert Storm Rollercoaster. ... The Desert Botanical Garden is a 50 acre (20 ha) botanical garden located within Papago Park in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Founded in 1939, the garden now has more than 21,000 plants, including 139 species which are rare, threatened or endangered. ... The Glendale Arena is an indoor arena located in Glendale, Arizona, in the suburbs of Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Heard Museum is a museum dedicated to Native American art, located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Hotel San Carlos branch in Phoenix, Arizona, is both an operating hotel and tourist site. ... Mystery Castle is near Phoenix, Arizona. ... South Mountain Park in Phoenix, Arizona is the largest municipal park in the United States of America. ... Categories: Move to Wiktionary | Substubs ... This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. ... There are a number of concert halls known as Symphony Hall. ... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ...

Transportation

Sky Harbor International Airport
Williams Gateway Airport in Mesa was converted from Williams Air Force Base, which closed in 1993. It is attempting to become a commercial airport, to relieve Sky Harbor of some of the main airport's traffic. The airport has occasionally received Boeing 737's from charter airlines to carry passengers to nearby destinations.
Scottsdale Municipal Airport in nearby Scottsdale, attracts a large number of private jets.
Falcon Field Airport, also in Mesa , handles private jet traffic.
Valley Metro (http://www.valleymetro.org/), local public transit service (buses, rideshare, future light rail project)
Valley Metro Rail (http://www.valleymetro.org/rail/), a light rail project under development

Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix is Arizonas main international airport, one of the largest aviation facilities in the American Southwest and one of the top ten busiest airports in the country. ... Williams Gateway Airport (IATA code WGA) is a commercial airport located in the southeastern area of Mesa, Arizona. ... Mormon temple in Mesa at night, courtesy Mesa Convention and Visitors Bureau Mesa is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Williams Air Force Base southeast of Mesa, Arizona was the leading pilot training facility of the United States Air Force. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ... Scottsdale Municipal Airport is located in northern Scottsdale, Arizona, and is one of the busiest single-runway facilities in the nation. ... Scottsdale (Pima Vaṣai S-veṣonĭ) is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 202,705, while a July 1, 2004 Census estimate put the citys population at 221,130--a 9. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ...

List of famous Phoenix residents

Joseph M. Arpaio (born June 14, 1932 in Springfield, Massachusetts) is a law enforcement officer, most notably as the Sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Categories: Stub | 1938 births | Governors of Arizona | U.S. Secretaries of the Interior ... Charles Wade Barkley (born February 20, 1963 in Leeds, Alabama) is a former American basketball power forward. ... Erma Louise (Harris) Bombeck (1927-1996) was an American humorist who achieved great popularity for a newspaper column that depicted suburban home life in the second half of the 20th century. ... Danny Bonaduce, in a still from The Partridge Family. ... Luis Ramon Campas (born August 6, 1971) is a Mexican boxer who was the IBF world Jr. ... Glen Campbell (born April 22, 1936) is an American pop-country singer, best known for a series of 1960s and 1970s hits, including Galveston, Rhinestone Cowboy, By the Time I Get to Phoenix, and Southern Nights. Campbell is a native of Delight, Arkansas and began playing the guitar as a... Michael Carbajal (born September 17, 1967) is a Phoenix native who was a four-time world boxing champion. ... Linda Cobb (born approx: 1950) is a Michigan native who has reached fame in the United States as the Queen of Clean. ... Jerry Colangelo (born November 20, 1939) is a respected Arizona sports mogul. ... Alice Cooper (born Vincent Damon Furnier, February 4, 1948), is a heavy metal singer and musician. ... José Miguel Cotto (born 1977) is a professional boxer from Caguas, Puerto Rico. ... Joe Diaz (born c. ... John Dillinger John Dillinger (June 22, 1903 - July 22, 1934) was an American bank robber, considered by some to be a notorious and dangerous criminal, while others considered him a Robin Hood-like hero. ... Hugh Downs (born February 14, 1921 in Akron, Ohio) is an American television host. ... Milton Hyland Erickson, MD (1901 - 1980) was a psychiatrist specializing in medical hypnosis. ... Terri Fields is an award winning book writer and teacher from Phoenix, Arizona. ... Lowell Fitzsimmons ( October 7, 1931– July 24, 2004) was a native of Hannibal, Missouri who was an NBA basketball coach. ... Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a United States politician and a founding figure in the modern conservative movement in the USA. Goldwater personified the shift in balance in American culture from the Northeast to the West. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Luis Emilio Gonzalez (born September 3, 1967), better known as Luis Gonzalez (affectionately called Gonzo by many of his fans), is a baseball player for the Arizona Diamondbacks and plays left field. ... Jesus Ernesto Gonzales (born 1985) is a Mexican-American former amateur boxer who was considered by boxing critics to be the United States top medal contender for the 2004 Olympics in Athens. ... George Gordon Battle Liddy (born November 30, 1930) was the chief operative for President Richard Nixons White House Plumbers unit that broke into the Watergate complex in 1972 and led to Nixons resignation in 1974. ... Carl Trumbull Hayden (October 2, 1877_January 25, 1972) was the first United States Senator to serve seven terms, and holds the record for combined service in both houses of the United States Congress - he served continuously from February 19, 1912 to January 2, 1969. ... Jenna Jameson (born Jennifer Marie Massoli on April 9, 1974) is one of the most famous and popular pornographic actresses in the world. ... Kevin Johnson (born March 4, 1966 in Sacramento, California) is a former American NBA player for the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Phoenix Suns. ... Randall David Randy Johnson (born September 10, 1963 in Walnut Creek, California) is a left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Bil Keane (1922- ) is an American cartoonist best known for his work on the long-running strip The Family Circus, which began its run in 1960 and is still going strong. ... For the actor, see Charles Keating (actor) Charles H. Keating Jr. ... Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, M.D. (July 8, 1926 - August 24, 2004) was a psychiatrist and the author of the groundbreaking book On Death and Dying, where she first discussed what is now known as the Kübler-Ross model. ... Philip (Phil) Alfred Mickelson (born June 16, 1970) (nicknamed Lefty for having a left-handed swing despite being right-handed), is an American professional golfer who won The Masters in 2004. ... Arturo Arte Moreno (born 1946) is a Hispanic billionaire who, on May 15 of United States. ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948 in Phoenix, Arizona) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac. ... Leslie Nielsen (born February 11, 1926) is an actor and comedian who was born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. ... Justice Sandra Day OConnor Justice Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1981. ... Nicole Powell (born June 22, 1982) is a basketball player from Phoenix, Arizona who currently plays for the Charlotte Sting. ... Naibe Reynoso (born circa 1973) is a Mexican-American television reporter. ... James Danforth Quayle III (born February 4, 1947) was the 44th Vice President of the United States under George H. W. Bush (1989-1993). ... Rick Romley (born 1949) is the Maricopa County, Arizona attorney general. ... Axl Rose during a concert in 2002 W. Axl Rose (born February 6, 1962) is an American hard rock singer and songwriter, born as William Bruce Rose in Lafayette, Indiana. ... Ahmed Santos (born February 19, 1974) is a resident of Phoenix, Arizona, who is a well known newspaper columnist and former boxer. ... Shannon Smith (1985-1999) was a teenager from Phoenix, Arizona, who was killed by a stray bullet. ... Edward A. Tovrea (died 1932) was an eccentric Phoenix entrepreneur and socialite. ... Michele Margaret Timms (born June 28, 1965), and better known plainly as Michele Timms, is an Australian basketball player who played for the Phoenix Mercury in the Womens National Basketball Association. ... Danny White is an American football coach in the Arena Football League and also occasionally appears as an analyst on broadcasts of college football games. ... Dot Wilkinson (born October 9, 1921) is a famous former softball and bowling player who is a member of the halls of fame of both sports. ... Felecity Willis (born 15th January 1979) is a Puerto Rican womens basketball player. ... Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ... A member of the National Speakers Association, Mr. ...

Phoenix in film

The Gauntlet is the sixth film directed by and starring Clint Eastwood, who went on to receive Academy Awards for Unforgiven and Million Dollar Baby. ... This article is about the novel and the movies based on it. ... Raising Arizona is a quirky, offbeat, and humorous 1987 Coen Brothers film starring Nicolas Cage and Holly Hunter. ... Waiting to Exhale (1995) directed by Forest Whitaker. ... Jerry Maguire is a 1996 film written and directed by Cameron Crowe. ... Bad Santa is a 2003 film directed by Terry Zwigoff, produced by Joel and Ethan Coen, and starring Billy Bob Thornton as the title character and Tony Cox ( Friday), ( Me, Myself and Irene) as his partner-in-crime. ... Used Cars is a 1980 comedy film. ... Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure (USA, 1989) is a comedy/science fiction film based on the idea of time travel. ...

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=33.52837_N_-112.0763_E_type:city_region:US)
    • Street map from Mapquest  (http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=33.52837&longitude=-112.0763&zoom=6) or Google (http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=33.52837,-112.0763&spn=0.11,0.18)
    • Topographic map from Topozone (http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?lat=33.52837&lon=-112.0763&s=200&size=m&layer=DRG100&datum=nad83)
    • Aerial photograph from Terraserver (http://terraservice.net/image.aspx?s=14&lon=-112.0763&lat=33.52837&w=2) or Google (http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=33.52837,-112.0763&spn=0.11,0.18&t=k)
Regions of Arizona
North Central Arizona | Northern Arizona | Phoenix metropolitan area | Southern Arizona
Largest Cities
Apache Junction | Avondale | Bullhead City | Casas Adobes | Catalina Foothills | Chandler | Flagstaff | Gilbert | Glendale | Lake Havasu City | Mesa | Nogales | Payson | Peoria | Phoenix | Prescott | Scottsdale | Sierra Vista | Sun City | Surprise | Tempe | Tombstone | Tucson | Yuma
Counties
Apache | Cochise | Coconino | Gila | Graham | Greenlee | La Paz | Maricopa | Mohave | Navajo | Pima | Pinal | Santa Cruz | Yavapai | Yuma


State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Other U.S. States Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano Official languages English Only State Area 295,254 km² (6th)  - Land 294,312 km²  - Water 942 km² (0. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... North Central Arizona is a geographical region of Arizona. ... Northern Arizona is dominated by the Colorado Plateau, the southern border of which in Arizona is called the Mogollon Rim. ... Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes Phoenix, Arizona. ... Southern Arizona is a region of the United States. ... Apache Junction is a city primarily in Pinal County, Arizona, with a small portion in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Avondale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Bullhead City is a city located on the Colorado River in Mohave County, Arizona, roughly 100 miles (160. ... Casas Adobes is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Catalina Foothills is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ... Chandler is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 176,581. ... Flagstaff (Navajo Kinłání) is a city located in Coconino County in northern Arizona, in the west of the United States. ... Gilbert is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 109,697, but a July 1, 2003 Census estimate put the fast-growing suburbs population at 145,250. ... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Lake Havasu City is a city located in Mohave County, Arizona. ... Mormon temple in Mesa at night, courtesy Mesa Convention and Visitors Bureau Mesa is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Nogales is a city located in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. ... Payson is a town located in Gila County, Arizona. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Prescott is a city located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... Scottsdale (Pima Vaṣai S-veṣonĭ) is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 202,705, while a July 1, 2004 Census estimate put the citys population at 221,130--a 9. ... Sierra Vista is a city located in Cochise County, Arizona. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Surprise is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Tombstone is a city located in Cochise County, Arizona. ... Congress Street, the main thoroughfare in downtown Tucson, Arizona. ... Yuma is a city located in Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Arizona. ... Coconino County is located in the north central part of the state of Arizona. ... Gila County is located in the central part of the state of Arizona. ... Graham County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Greenlee County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... La Paz County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Mohave County is located in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Navajo County is located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Santa Cruz County is located in the south of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...

State Capitals of the United States

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgia • Hawaii • IdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouri • Montana • NebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of them use the term commonwealth) which have membership in the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty, in that an... List of capitals of subnational entities covers currently the following national entities: #A-C: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Peoples Republic of China, Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, #D-F: Denmark, Finland, France, #G-L: Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Ireland, Japan... Montgomery is a city located in Montgomery County, Alabama. ... Juneau City and Borough is a borough located on the Gastineau Channel in the Alexander Archipelago in the State of Alaska. ... Little Rock is the capital and largest city in the U.S. state of Arkansas. ... Sacramento is the county seat of Sacramento County, California and the capital of the U.S. state of California. ... Colorado State Capitol Building Denver is the largest city and capital of the state of Colorado, United States of America. ... HARTFORD is the capital of the state of Connecticut, in Hartford County. ... Dover is the capital of Delaware, a state of the United States of America. ... Tallahassee is the capital of Florida, a state of the United States of America. ... City nickname: Location in the state of Hawaii Founded County City & County of Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann Area  - Total  - Water Population  - City (2000)  - Metropolitan  - Density 371,657 1,674. ... This article deals with the state capital of Idaho. ... The Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois, built 1868 - 1888 Springfield is the capital of the State of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. ... Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... The State Capitol of Iowa, featuring its golden dome. ... This article is about the state capital of Kansas. ... Frankfort is the capital of Kentucky, a state of the United States of America. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Augusta is the capital of the state of United States. ... City nickname: Americas Sailing Capital Location in the state of Maryland Founded 1649 Mayor Ellen O. Moyer (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 19. ... City nickname: Beantown, The Hub, The Athens of America Location in the state of Massachusetts Founded September 17, 1630 County Suffolk County Mayor Thomas Menino (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 232. ... Capitol Building Lansing is the capital city of the U.S. state of Michigan, located mostly in Ingham County; a small portion extends into adjacent Eaton County. ... State capitol building in Saint Paul Saint Paul is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Minnesota in the United States of America. ... Jackson is the capital and largest city in the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... The capitol building on a sunny day. ... Helena, Montana Helena is the capital of Montana, a state of the United States of America. ... Lincoln is the capital city of the State of Nebraska, in the United States of America. ... Carson City redirects here. ... The New Hampshire State House December, 2004 Concord is the capital of New Hampshire, a state of the United States of America. ... Trenton highlighted in Mercer County. ... Santa Fe (Spanish: santa holy, fe faith) is the capital of New Mexico, a state of the United States of America. ... Albany is the capital of the state of New York in the United States of America. ... Downtown Raleigh as seen from US 401 on the southwest side. ... Capitol building Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota, a state of the United States of America. ... Skyline of downtown Columbus, Ohio, viewed across the Scioto River. ... The State Capitol of Oklahoma Looking at Downtown Oklahoma City The Flag of Oklahoma City Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the state of Oklahoma in the United States of America. ... State Capitol building in Salem Salem is the capital of the state of Oregon in the United States of America, and county seat of Marion County. ... Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America. ... Providence is the capital and largest city in Rhode Island, a state of the United States of America. ... Columbia, South Carolina Seen from across the Congaree River. ... Pierre is the capital of South Dakota, a state of the United States of America. ... Downtown Nashville at dusk, viewed from the Gateway Bridge Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Skyline from Town Lake Austin is the capital of the state of Texas, within the United States of America. ... Aerial view of Temple Square of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ... Montpelier, Vermont Montpelier is the capital of Vermont, a state of the United States of America. ... Richmond is the capital of the state of Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) of the United States of America. ... State Capitol and waterfront, Olympia, Washington. ... Charleston is the capital of West Virginia, a state of the United States of America. ... Wisconsin State Capitol Madison is the capital of Wisconsin, a state of the United States of America. ... Wyoming State Capitol in Cheyenne Cheyenne is the capital of Wyoming, a United States of America. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Phoenix, Arizona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5116 words)
Phoenix was incorporated with a population of approximately 2,500, and on May 3, 1881, Phoenix held its first city election, in which Judge John T. Alsap defeated James D. Monihon, 127 to 107, to become the city's first Mayor.
The Phoenix area is surrounded by the McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Tank Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains far to the east, and the Sierra Estrella to the southwest.
Phoenix was ranked as the #1 hottest city in the U.S., and #2 as the driest city in the U.S. on The Weather Channel's "Top 10", a program involving with ranking cities on criteria such as hottest, driest, coldest, wettest, windiest, sunniest, snowiest, and most humid.
Phoenix Apartments (646 words)
Phoenix is the United States' fifth-largest city with a population of nearly 1.3 million (the greater Phoenix area has a population of 3.2 million and covers 2,000 square miles).
You can watch the Phoenix Suns basketball team play at the huge America West Arena; the Arizona Cardinals football team play at Sun Devil Stadium in nearby Tempe; and the Arizona Diamondbacks baseball team play in the Bank One Ballpark, a great-looking stadium that is only a few years old.
Phoenix's overall cost of living is 13% below the national average, and Arizona's personal income tax structure is among the lowest in the nation, ranging from 3.3-5%.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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