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Encyclopedia > Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
Rooftops of Phnom Penh
Official seal of Phnom Penh
Seal
Nickname: Pearl of Asia (pre-1960's)
Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Coordinates: 11°33′N 104°55′E / 11.55, 104.917
Country Cambodia
Province Phnom Penh
Settled 1372
Became Capital 1865
Government
 - Type Municipality
 - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema
(Khmer: កែប ជុគិមា)
 - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong
Area
 - Total 376 km² (145.2 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Total 2,009,264
 - Density 5,343.8/km² (13,840.4/sq mi)
Time zone UTC/GMT +7 hours (UTC)
Area code(s) 855 (023)
Website: http://www.phnompenh.gov.kh

Phnom Penh (Khmer: ភ្ន៓ពេញ; official Romanization: Phnum Pénh; pronounced [pʰnum peːɲ]) is the largest, most populous and capital city of Cambodia. It is also the capital of the Phnom Penh municipality. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Phnompenh. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links Cambodia-Phnom_Penh. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... His Excellency Keb Chutema is the current mayor of the Municipality of Phnom Penh, which is the capital of Cambodia. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


Once known as the "Pearl of Asia" [1] in the 1920s, Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap, is a significant global and domestic tourist destination for Cambodia. Phnom Penh is known for its traditional Khmer and French influenced architecture. Fruit vendor at the Siem Reap market. ...


Phnom Penh is the wealthiest and most populous city in Cambodia. It is also the commercial, political and cultural hub of Cambodia and is home to more than one million of Cambodia's population of over 13 million.[2]

Contents

Etymology

Stupas in front of Wat Phnom.
Stupas in front of Wat Phnom.

The city takes its name from the Wat Phnom Daun Penh (known now as just the Wat Phnom or Hill Temple), built in 1373 to house five statues of Buddha on a man made hill 27 meters high. It was named after Daun Penh (Grandma Penh), a wealthy widow. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (771x1162, 375 KB) Chedi of Wat Phnom in Phnom Penh, Cambodia photographer / source: Justin (May 2003) / justinsomnia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (771x1162, 375 KB) Chedi of Wat Phnom in Phnom Penh, Cambodia photographer / source: Justin (May 2003) / justinsomnia. ... A stupa A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent and Asia. ... We dont have an article called Wat Phnom Start this article Search for Wat Phnom in. ... Media:Example. ...


Phnom Penh was also previously known as Krong Chaktomuk meaning "City of Four Faces". This name refers to the junction where the Mekong, Bassac, and Tonle Sap rivers cross to form an "X" where the capital is situated. Krong Chaktomuk is an abbreviation of its ceremonial name given by King Ponhea Yat which was "Krong Chaktomuk Mongkol Sakal Kampuchea Thipadei Sereythor Inthabot Borei Roth Reach Seima Maha Nokor". The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Bassac River (commonly called Tonle Bassac) is a distributary of the Mekong River. ... ... Chao Ponhea Yat (1421 - 1462) was one of the kings of the Khmer Empire. ...


History

Phnom Penh first became the capital of Cambodia after Ponhea Yat, king of the Khmer Empire, moved the capital from Angkor Thom after it was captured by Siam a few years earlier. There are stupa behind Wat Phnom that house the remains of Ponhea Yat and the royal family as well as the remaining Buddhist statues from the Angkorean era. There is a legend that tells how Phnom Penh was created. Chao Ponhea Yat (1421 - 1462) was one of the kings of the Khmer Empire. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1200 C.E. and the golden age of Khmer Empire. ... Face-tower of the South Gate, showing Avalokiteshvara Bayon temple, Angkor Thom The Terrace of the Leper King, showing apsara Angkor Thom was the fortified inner royal city built by Jayavarman VII (1181 - 1220?), Buddhist king of the Khmer Empire, at the end of the 12th Century, after Angkor had... Anthem: Phleng Chat Royal anthem: Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami Capital (and largest city) Bangkok Official languages Thai Demonym Thai Government Military Junta under Constitutional Monarchy  -  Monarch King Bhumibol Adulyadej  -  Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont  -  President of the Council for National Security Air Chief Marshal Chalit Pookpasuk (acting) Formation  -  Sukhothai Kingdom 1238... The Great Stupa at Sanchi. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... This is the legendary story of the founding of Phnom Penh. ...


It was not until 1866, under the reign of King Norodom I, that Phnom Penh became the permanent seat of government, and the Royal Palace (pictured) was built. This marked the beginning of the transformation of what was essentially a village into a great city with the French Colonialists expanding the canal system to control the wetlands, constructing roads and building a port. Norodom (1834-1904) succeeded his father Ang Duong as King of Cambodia, ruling from 1860 until his death. ... The Chan Chhaya Pavilion as seen from Sothearos Blvd The Royal Palace of Phnom Penh, Cambodia is a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. ... In October of 1887, the French announced the formation of the Union Indochinoise (Union of Indochina), which at that time comprised Cambodia, already an autonomous French possession, and the three regions of Vietnam (Tonkin, Annam, and Cochinchina. ...


By the 1920s, Phnom Penh was known as the Pearl of Asia, and over the next four decades continued to experience growth with the building of a railway to Sihanoukville and the Pochentong International Airport. Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... Pochentong International Airport is the main airport of Cambodia and is located in the countrys capital city, Phnom Penh. ...

The exterior of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh
The exterior of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh

During the Vietnam War, Cambodia was used as a base by the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong, and thousands of refugees from across the country flooded the city to escape the fighting between their own government troops, the NVA/NLF, the South Vietnamese and its allies and the Khmer Rouge. By 1975, the population was 2,000,000, the bulk of them refugees from the fighting. The city fell to the Khmer Rouge on April 17. Many of its residents, those who were wealthy and educated, were forced to do labor on rural farms as "new people". Tuol Svay Prey High School was taken over by Pol Pot's forces and was turned into the S-21 prison camp, where Cambodians were detained and tortured. Pol Pot desired a return to an agrarian economy and therefore killed anyone who was educated, who wore glasses, or who did not have calloused hands to cleanse the population of the taint of westernization. Many others starved to death as a result of failure of the agrarian society and the sale of Cambodia's rice to China in exchange for bullets and weaponry. Tuol Svay Prey High School is now the Tuol Sleng Museum in which Khmer Rouge torture devices and photos of their victims are displayed. Choeung Ek (The Killing Fields), 15 kilometers away, where the Khmer Rouge marched prisoners from Tuol Sleng to be murdered and buried in shallow pits, is also now a memorial to those who were killed by the regime. Tuol Sleng museum. ... Tuol Sleng museum. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... knulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din mammaknulla din... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... Anthem Thanh niên Hành Khúc (Call to the Citizens) Capital Saigon Language(s) Vietnamese Government Republic Last President¹ Duong Van Minh Last Prime minister Vu Van Mau Historical era Cold War  - Regime change June 14, 1955  - Dissolution April 30, 1975 Area  - 1973 173,809 km² 67,108... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... New People were civilian Cambodians who were controlled and exploited by the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia from 1975-79. ... Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925 – April 15, 1998), aliases Pol, Pouk, Hay, Grand-Uncle, First Brother, 87, Phem, 99, and best known as Pol Pot[1], was the leader of the communist movement called Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia (officially renamed the Democratic Kampuchea during his rule... The exterior of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum is a museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Tuol Sleng Museum Inside Tuol Sleng Tuol Sleng Museum, also known as the Museum of Genocidal Crimes is located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Khmer Rouge were driven out of Phnom Penh by the Vietnamese in 1979 and people began to return to the city. Vietnam is historically a state with which Cambodia has had many conflicts, therefore this liberation was and is viewed with mixed emotions by the Cambodians. A period of reconstruction began, spurred by continuing stability of government, attracting new foreign investment and aid by countries including France, Australia, and Japan. Loans were made from the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank to reinstate a clean water supply, roads and other infrastructure. The 1998 Census put Phnom Penh's population at 862,000;[3] by 2001 it was estimated at slightly over 1 million. Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ...


Geography

A Buddhist monk walking in front of the Royal palace in Phnom Penh.
A Buddhist monk walking in front of the Royal palace in Phnom Penh.

Phnom Penh is located in the south-central region of Cambodia, at the confluence of the Tonlé Sap, Mekong, and Bassac rivers. These rivers provide potential freshwater and other resources. The city, located at 11.55° N 104.91667° E (11°33' North, 104°55' East, [1]). covers an area of 375 km² which some 11,401 hectares in the municipality and 26, 106 hectares of roads. The agricultural land in the municipality amounts to 34.685 km² with some 1.476 km² under irrigation. by Andrew Lih, Phnom Penh palace File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... by Andrew Lih, Phnom Penh palace File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Bassac River (commonly called Tonle Bassac) is a tributary of the Mekong River. ... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ...


Climate

The climate is hot year-round with only minor variations. City temperatures range from 10° to 38 °C (50° to 100 °F) and experiences tropical monsoons. Southwest monsoons blow inland bringing moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Thailand and Indian Ocean from May to October. The northeast monsoon ushers in the dry season, which lasts from November to March. The city experiences the heaviest precipitation from September to October with the driest period occurring from January to February. From German Wikipedia: [1] Original by: Hph Userpage http://sunsite. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ...


It has two distinct seasons. The rainy season, which runs from May to October, can see temperatures raise up to 40 °C around April and is generally accompanied with high humidity. The dry season lasts from November to April when temperatures can drop to 22 °C. The best months to visit the city are November to January when temperatures and humidity are lower.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 31 (88) 33 (91) 34 (93) 35 (95) 34 (93) 33 (91) 32 (90) 32 (90) 31 (88) 31 (87) 30 (86) 30 (86)
Average low °C (°F) 22 (71) 22 (72) 23 (74) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 24 (76) 23 (74) 22 (71)
Average precipitation:
mm (inches)
7.60 (0.30) 10.2 (0.40) 35.6 (1.40) 78.7 (3.10) 144.8 (5.70) 147.3 (5.80) 152.4 (6.00) 154.9 (6.10) 226.1 (8.90) 251.5 (9.90) 139.7 (5.50) 43.2 (1.70)
Monthly Average for Phnom Penh, Cambodia - Source: Weather.com link

Administration

Administratively, Phnom Penh is a municipality, although, its status is equal to provinces of Cambodia. It is subdivided into 7 districts ខ័ណ្ឌ as follows:

  • Chamkarmon -​ ចំការមន
  • Daun Penh -​ ដូនពេញ
  • Prampir Makara -​ ប្រាំពីរមករា
  • Toul Kork -​ ទួលគោក
  • Dangkor -​ ដង្កោរ
  • Meanchey -​ មានជ័យ
  • Russey Keo -​ ឫស្សីកែវ

These are further subdivided into 76 Sangkats, and 637 Kroms.[2] Chamkarmon District is the southernmost district in central Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Toul Kork is a district in Phnom Penh Municipality. ... Meanchey District is located in the southeastern part of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Russey Keo District is the second-largest district of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Sangkat is a Cambodian word for communes or quarters. ... KROM is a Spanish Adult Contemporary station in San Antonio, Texas, broadcasting at 92. ...


Demographics

Phnom Penh street scene
Children in Phnom Penh
Children in Phnom Penh

As of 2006, Phnom Penh had a population of 2,009,264 people, with a total population density of 2.696 km² in a 375 km² city area. Population growth in the city is 3.92%. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 802 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this picture myself. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 802 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this picture myself. ...


Economy

National Museum, Phnom Penh

Situated at the confluence of the Mekong, Bassac and Tonlé Sap Rivers, Cambodia's capital, Phnom Penh, has a population of approximately two million people. Despite some dilapidation resulting from decades of war, the city retains its traditional Khmer and colonial charm. French villas along tree-lined boulevards remind the visitor that the city was once considered the gem of Southeast Asia. Double-digit economic growth rates in recent years have triggered an economic boom, with new hotels, restaurants, bars, and residential buildings springing up around the city. Phnom Penh's wealth of historical and cultural sites makes it a very popular tourist destination. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, February 2002 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, February 2002 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Bassac River (commonly called Tonle Bassac) is a distributary of the Mekong River. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ...


Cityscape and architecture

The main tourist attractions in Phnom Penh include the Royal Palace, Phsar Thom Thmei, the Silver Pagoda, the National Museum, Independence Monument (Khmer: Vimean Akareach), the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, and Wat Phnom. On the outskirt of the city is the Choeung Ek Genocide Center. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, February 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, February 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Silver Pagoda, Phnom Penh The Silver Pagoda in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, is the most notable wat (Buddhist temple) in the city, and is the official temple of the King of Cambodia. ... The Chan Chhaya Pavilion as seen from Sothearos Blvd The Royal Palace of Phnom Penh, Cambodia is a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. ... The market was built in an intensely art deco style by the French when Cambodia was under colonial rule. ... The Silver Pagoda, Phnom Penh The Silver Pagoda in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, is the most notable wat (Buddhist temple) in the city, and is the official temple of the King of Cambodia. ... National Museum, Phnom Penh The National Museum in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, is the countrys leading historical and archaeological museum. ... The Independence Monument, Phnom Penh The Independence Monument in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, was built in 1958 following the countrys independence from France. ... The exterior of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum is a museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... We dont have an article called Wat Phnom Start this article Search for Wat Phnom in. ... Choeung Ek, the site of a former orchard and Chinese graveyard about 17km south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, is the best-known of the sites known as The Killing Fields, where the Khmer Rouge regime executed about 17,000 people between 1975 and 1979. ...


The Royal Palace of Phnom Penh are a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Its full name in the Khmer language is Preah Barom Reachea Vaeng Chaktomuk. The Kings of Cambodia have occupied it since it was built in 1866, with a period of absence when the country came into turmoil during and after the reign of the Khmer Rouge. The Chan Chhaya Pavilion as seen from Sothearos Blvd The Royal Palace of Phnom Penh, Cambodia is a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... This is a partial list of Kings of Cambodia: 1860-1904: Norodom 1904-1927: Sisowath 1927-1941: Sisowath Monivong 1941-1955: Norodom Sihanouk 1955-1960: Norodom Suramarit 1960-1993: vacant 1993-2004: Norodom Sihanouk 2004-present: Norodom Sihamoni Categories: Substubs ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...


The palace was started after King Norodom relocated the royal capital from Oudong to Phnom Penh after the mid-1800s. It was gradually built atop an old citadel called Banteay Kev. It faces towards the East and is situated at the Western bank of four divisions at the Mekong River called Chaktomuk (an allusion to Brahma). Norodom (1834-1904) succeeded his father Ang Duong as King of Cambodia, ruling from 1860 until his death. ... Oudong (also romanized as Udong and Odongk) was a former royal capital of Cambodia prior to the current, Phnom Penh. ... This article is about a type of fortification. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... View of the Mekong before the sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Wat Phnom is a historical and one of the most important pagoda located in Phnom Penh. Built in 1373,it stands at 27 metres and is by far the tallest religious structure in the city. Built on an artificial hill by the wealthy widow Daun Chi Penh after a great flood washed statues of Buddha downstream, it has since been renovated. There have been many additions to the original shrines over the centuries. The largest stupa houses the ashes of King Ponhea Yat and it is the center of city celebrations for the Cambodian New Year, and Pchum Benh festivals. We dont have an article called Wat Phnom Start this article Search for Wat Phnom in. ... Media:Example. ... Chao Ponhea Yat (1421 - 1462) was one of the kings of the Khmer Empire. ... Cambodian New Year or Chaul Chnam Thmey (ឆលឆ្នាំថ្មី) in the Khmer language , is the name of the Cambodian holiday that celebrates the new lunar year. ... Prachum Benda (Ancestors Day), more commonly known as Pchum Ben, is a Cambodian religious festival, culminating in celebrations on the 15th day of the tenth month in the Khmer Calendar. ...


The National Museum, Phnom Penh is Cambodia's largest and was built in 1917–20 by the French colonial authorities then in control of Cambodia, in a traditional Khmer style, with French influence. National Museum, Phnom Penh The National Museum in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, is the countrys leading historical and archaeological museum. ...


The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, a former high school which was used as the notorious Security Prison 21 (S-21) concentration camp by the Khmer Rouge regime from its rise to power in 1975 to its fall in 1979 is one of the city's most moving landmarks. The exterior of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum is a museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... The infamous map of skulls that was once on display at the Tuol Sleng Museum One of the cells at Tuol Sleng, as seen today at Tuol Sleng Museum S-21 was a prison camp located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, used by the Khmer Rouge from its rise to power... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...


From 1975 to 1979, an estimated 17,000 people were imprisoned at Tuol Sleng (some estimates suggest a number as high as 20,000). The prisoners were selected from all around the country, and usually were former Khmer Rouge members and soldiers, accused of treason. Classrooms were converted into tiny prison and torture chambers and all the windows were covered with iron bars and barbed wire to prevent prisoner escapes.


In 1979, the prison was uncovered by the invading Vietnamese army. In 1980, the prison was reopened as a historical museum memorializing the actions of the Khmer Rouge regime. The museum is open to the public, and receives an average of 500 visitors every day.


The Cambodia-Vietnam Friendship Monument is a large concrete monument to the former alliance between Vietnam and Cambodia located in the centre of Phnom Penh not far from the Royal Palace. It was built in the late 1970s by the communist regime which took power after the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, which overthrew the Khmer Rouge regime. The statuary at the Cambodia-Vietnam Friendship Monument, Phnom Penh The Cambodia-Vietnam Friendship Monument, Phnom Penh The Cambodia-Vietnam Friendship Monument in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, is a large concrete monument to the former alliance between Vietnam and Cambodia]]. It was built in the late 1970s by the... The Chan Chhaya Pavilion as seen from Sothearos Blvd The Royal Palace of Phnom Penh, Cambodia is a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Combatants Socialist Republic of Vietnam Democratic Kampuchea Commanders Văn Tiến Dũng Pol Pot Strength 150,000+ Vietnamese troops, supported by around 20,000 KNUFNS 70,000+ Casualties 30,000? 30,000? The Cambodian-Vietnamese War, also known as Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...

It features heroic statues of Vietnamese and Cambodian soldiers in the "Socialist realist" style developed in the Soviet Union in the 1930s, together with images of a woman and baby representing Cambodian civilians. With the end of the Vietnamese presence in Cambodia and fading memories of the conflicts of the 1970s, the memorial is neglected and little used by the Cambodians. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x3072, 592 KB) Author: Michael Darter, Choeung Ek, Cambodia, November 2004. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x3072, 592 KB) Author: Michael Darter, Choeung Ek, Cambodia, November 2004. ... Choeung Ek, the site of a former orchard and Chinese graveyard about 17km south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, is the best-known of the sites known as The Killing Fields, where the Khmer Rouge regime executed about 17,000 people between 1975 and 1979. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ...


The Choeung Ek Genocide Center is located about 17 km south of the urbanized centre of Phnom Penh the site of a former orchard and Chinese graveyard which is the best-known of the sites known as the Killing Fields, where the Khmer Rouge regime executed about 17,000 people between 1975 and 1979. Mass graves containing 8,895 bodies were discovered at Choeung Ek after the fall of the Khmer Rouge regime. Many of the dead were former inmates in the Tuol Sleng prison. Today, Choeung Ek is a memorial, marked by a Buddhist stupa that is filled with skulls of the victims. Choeung Ek, the site of a former orchard and Chinese graveyard about 17km south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, is the best-known of the sites known as The Killing Fields, where the Khmer Rouge regime executed about 17,000 people between 1975 and 1979. ... See also: The Killing Fields. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... The infamous map of skulls that was once on display at the Tuol Sleng Museum Tuol Sleng Museum Inside Tuol Sleng Tuol Sleng Museum, also known as the Museum of Genocidal Crimes is located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Great Stupa at Sanchi. ...


The Preah Suramarit National Theatre was built in 1968 and during late 1960s and early 1970s enjoyed many cultural performances ranging from opera and dance to musical concerts from talented musicians all across Cambodia. It was designed by the venerated architect Vann Molyvann, responsible for much of the city's modern architecture. A fire in 1994 gutted the entire building and due to a lack of funding it hasn't been restored. The Preah Suramarit Theatre or the Bassac Theatre is the former national theatre of Cambodia in the capital Phnom Penh. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... Vann Molyvann (November 23, 1926-) is one of Cambodias most venerated architects and cultural icons. ...


Shopping

The market was built in an intensely art deco style by the French when Cambodia was under colonial rule.
The market was built in an intensely art deco style by the French when Cambodia was under colonial rule.

Phsar Thom Thmei market was built in the shape of a dome in 1937 and is the capital's main shopping centre. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 635 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 635 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The market was built in an intensely art deco style by the French when Cambodia was under colonial rule. ...


Nowadays, the market is a tourist hot spot, most tourists that came to Phnom Penh visited this market because they want to see the varieties of products that this market has to offer. The four wings of the yellow coloured Phsar Thom Thmei are teeming with numerous stalls selling gold and silver jewellery, antique coins, clothing, clocks, flowers, food, fabrics and shoes. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Antique (disambiguation). ... This article is about monetary coins. ... For other uses, see Clock (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... shoe for right foot A shoe is a piece of footwear for humans, less than a boot and more than a slipper. ...

The Chan Chhaya Pavilion of the Royal Palace, as seen from Sothearos Blvd
The Chan Chhaya Pavilion of the Royal Palace, as seen from Sothearos Blvd

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 398 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1168 × 1760 pixel, file size: 371 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)According to website, the Photographer has declared all photos from his site as Public Domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 398 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1168 × 1760 pixel, file size: 371 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)According to website, the Photographer has declared all photos from his site as Public Domain. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ...

Media

Newspapers

The Phnom Penh Post is a fortnightly English-language newspaper published in Phnom Penh. Founded in 1992 by publisher Michael Hayes, it is Cambodia's oldest English-language newspaper. It is printed in full-color Berliner format. Phnom Penh Post is a fortnightly English-language newspaper published in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... A fortnight is a unit of time equal to two weeks: that is 14 days, or literally 14 nights. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Newspapers with the Berliner format. ...


It has a staff of Cambodian and foreign journalists covering national news, and also prints a police blotter, which has items translated from local Khmer-language dailies. Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


Since its founding in Phnom Penh in July 1992, the printed edition has been published on a fortnightly basis, and read in Cambodia and worldwide by over 20,000 people in more than 40 countries.

The Independence Monument, Phnom Penh

The Cambodia Daily is Cambodia's only English-language daily newspaper based in Phnom Penh. It was started in 1993 by Bernard Krisher, an American journalist. Krisher hired two young and relatively inexperienced journalists, Barton Biggs and Robin McDowell, as the paper's first editors. The first issue was published in 1993, and the paper has published ever since. It is printed in an A4-size format and is delivered six days a week, Monday to Saturday, with the Saturday edition a full-color Weekend magazine. The Monday to Friday editions are black and white. The Daily has access to many major wire services (Associated Press, The New York Times, The Washington Post) and has a staff of Cambodian and foreign journalists covering local and national news. A daily section in Khmer language carries articles translated from the main English-language section. An international edition is available by annual subscription for US$200; each weekly edition compiles the staff-produced content from the previous week. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 136 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, February 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 136 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, February 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Cambodia Daily is Cambodias only English-language daily newspaper. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A comparison of different paper sizes A4 is a standard paper size, defined by the international standard ISO 216 as 210×297 mm (roughly 8. ... In journalism, news agencies are bodies established to supply news reports to newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...

Phnom Penh International Airport

Khmer language daily newspapers include: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...

  • Sralagn' Khmer[3]
  • Chakraval Daily
  • Kampuchea Thmei Daily
  • Kampuchea Thnai Nes (Cambodia Today)
  • Kanychok Sangkhum
  • Koh Santepheap (Island of Peace) [4]
  • Moneaksekar Khmer (Khmer Conscience) - Published by the Sam Rainsy Party.
  • Rasmei Kampuchea (Light of Kampuchea) - Cambodia's largest daily, it circulates about 18,000 copies.
  • Samleng Yuvachun (Voice of Khmer Youth)
  • Udomkate Khmer (Khmer Ideal)
  • Wat Phnom Daily

Kampuchea Thmei Daily is a daily newspaper published in Cambodia with its headquarters in Phnom Penh. ... Sam Rainsy (born March 10, 1949) is a Cambodian politician. ... Rasmei Kampuchea (Light of Kampuchea) is Cambodias largest daily newspaper. ...

Transport

Phnom Penh International Airport (Phnom Penh) is the second-largest and second-busiest airport in Cambodia. It is located 7 km (4.3 miles) west of central Phnom Penh. Taxis, pick-ups and minibuses leave Phnom Penh for destinations all over the country, but are fast losing ground to cheaper and more comfortable buses. Phnom Penh also has rail service. Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the main airport of Cambodia and is located in the countrys capital city, Phnom Penh 7 km (4. ...

A street scene in the city centre
A street scene in the city centre

There are two bus companies, Phnom Penh Public transport and GST Express, servicing to Sihanoukville, Kompong Chang, Udong & Takeo. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Also Phnom Penh Sorya Transport Co. offers bus service to several provincial destinations along the National Routes as well as Ho Chi Minh City. Motocycles are a popular form of quick travel in the city streets.


Although the city is 290 km (180 miles) from the sea, it is a major port on the Mekong River valley, and it is linked to the South China Sea via a channel of the Mekong delta in Vietnam


Highways in Phnom Penh

As the capital of Cambodia a number of National Highways connect the city with various parts of the country:

National Highway Code Length Origin Terminal
National Highway 1 10001 167.10 km Phnom Penh Vietnam Border
National Highway 2 10002 120.60 km Phnom Penh Vietnam Border
National Highway 3 10003 202.00 km Phnom Penh Veal Rinh
National Highway 4 10004 226.00 km Phnom Penh Sihanoukville
National Highway 5 10005 407.45 km Phnom Penh Thailand Border
National Highway 6 10006 416.00 km Phnom Penh Bantey Meanchey

The highway at Monivong Bridge in Phnom Penh National Highway 1 or National Road No. ... National Highway 2 or National Road No. ... National Highway 3 or National Road No. ... National Highway 4 or National Road No. ... Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... National Highway 5 or National Road No. ... National Highway 6 or National Road No. ...

Education

The Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) is the oldest and largest institution of higher education in Cambodia. As of 2007, the university has over 5,000 students across three campuses, and offers a wide range of high-quality courses within the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, and the Institute of Foreign Languages (IFL). Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) is the oldest and largest institution of higher education in Cambodia. ... Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports // Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) University of Health Science (UHS) Royal University of Law and Economics (RULE) National University of Management (NUM) National Institute of Education (NIE) Moyarishi Vedic University (MVU) Svay Rieng University (SRU) Institute of Technology of Cambodia (ITC) Royal University...


The University has approximately 200 teaching staff, seven of whom have PhDs, 66 who have master degrees and the remainder with undergraduate qualifications. There are over 176 administrative and support staff. Various international and non-government organizations also provide adjunct faculty members.


The Royal University of Phnom Penh began as the Royal Khmer University in 1960. It opened during a period of intense growth in Cambodia and expanded rapidly to include a National Institute of Judicial and Economic Studies, a Royal School of Medicine, a National School of Commerce, a National Pedagogical Institute, a Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, and a Faculty of Science and Technology. The language of instruction during this period was French.

French colonial buildings in Phnom Penh
French colonial buildings in Phnom Penh

With the establishment of the Khmer Republic in 1970, the Royal Khmer University became the Phnom Penh University. Between 1965 and 1975 there were nine faculties, namely the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Higher Normal College), Letters and Humanities, Science, Pharmacy, Law and Economics, Medicine and Dentistry, Commerce, Pedagogy, and the Languages Institute. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Insurrection and War, 1967-75 By the mid-1960s, Norodom Sihanouks delicate balancing act was beginning to go awry. ...


However the Khmer Rouge period of saw the closure and destruction of schools, the decimation of the teaching service and the cessation of formal education and the college was closed. Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...


In 1980, the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Higher Normal College) reopened, again teaching predominantly in French. In 1981, the Institute of Foreign Languages (IFL) began, initially training students to become Vietnamese and Russian teachers. The purpose of both colleges was to provide surviving graduates of primary school or above with crash courses in teaching.


In 1988, the college and the IFL merged to create Phnom Penh University, and in 1996 the name was changed to the Royal University of Phnom Penh.


During the past decade, the University has grown and now includes the Faculty of Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, and the Institute of Foreign Languages. In 2001, the University began its first postgraduate degrees with the Graduate Diploma and Master's Courses in Tourism Development.


Sport

Main article: Sport in Cambodia
Boys in Phnom Penh playing football
Boys in Phnom Penh playing football

Cambodia has increasingly become involved in sports over the last 30 years. Young Cambodian boys playing football Cambodia has increasingly become involved in sports over the last 30 years. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


Football and the martial arts as in the rest of the country are popular in particular. The martial arts of Bokator, Pradal Serey (Khmer kick boxing) and Khmer traditional wrestling have venues in Phnom Penh watched by dedicated spectators. Soccer redirects here. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Angkorian warriors as depicted on bas reliefs at Angkor Wat Bokator/Boxkator, or more formally, Labok Katao(which means wielding a wooden stick to fight lions) (ល្បុក្កតោ), is an ancient Khmer martial art said to be the predecessor of all Southeast Asian kickboxing styles. ... Pradal Serey (; English: Khmer Boxing) is the name of the centuries old kickboxing martial arts of Cambodia. ... Khmer wrestling at bayon temple. ...


The most prominent of venues in the city is the Phnom Pehn National Olympic Stadium with a capacity of 50,000. Built in 1964 it is home to the Cambodian national football team. Noted clubs include Hello United, Khemara and Military Police. National Olympic is located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... First international Cambodia 2 - 3 Malaysia (Cambodia; March 17, 1956) Biggest win Cambodia 11 - 0 North Yemen (Cambodia; Date Unknown, 1966) Biggest defeat Indonesia 10 - 0 Cambodia (Thailand; September 6, 1995) AFC Asian Cup Appearances 1 (First in 1972) Best result Fourth place, 1972 The Cambodia national football team is... Hello United, is a football (soccer) club from Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Khemara is a Cambodian football club based in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Military Police, is a football (soccer) club from Siem Reap, Cambodia. ...

Cambodian kickboxers of the Pradal Serey

Image File history File linksMetadata CamboKShowdown. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CamboKShowdown. ... Pradal Serey (; English: Khmer Boxing) is the name of the centuries old kickboxing martial arts of Cambodia. ...

Notable people

Narath Tan (c1962-) is a Cambodian sculptor and artist currently working in Chicago. ... Prince Norodom Ranariddh (born January 2, 1944) is the second son of King Norodom Sihanouk and a half brother of Norodom Sihamoni. ... Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... Time in office: Apr. ... Rithy Panh (born April 18, 1964 in Phnom Penh) is a Cambodian documentary film director and screenwriter. ... Sam Rainsy (born March 10, 1949) is a Cambodian politician. ... Vann Molyvann (November 23, 1926-) is one of Cambodias most venerated architects and cultural icons. ... Vann Nath (1946-) is a Cambodian painter, artist and writer and human rights activist who is amongst a diverse group of writers from 22 countries to receive the prestigious Hellman/Hammett award which recognizes courage in the face of political persecution which he faced during the Khmer Rouge. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Providence redirects here. ...

See also

This is the History of Cambodia series. ... The Chan Chhaya Pavilion as seen from Sothearos Blvd The Royal Palace of Phnom Penh, Cambodia is a complex of buildings which are the royal abode of the Kingdom of Cambodia. ... Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the main airport of Cambodia and is located in the countrys capital city, Phnom Penh 7 km (4. ...

References

  1. ^ Peace of Angkor Phnom Penh Accessed July 27, 2007
  2. ^ Cambodia Inter-Censal Population Survey 2004, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  3. ^ General Population Census of Cambodia 1998, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Phnom Penh

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Official

Other

  • Phnom Penh travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Cambodia.org is the Cambodian Information Center (CIC), a web-based entity that provides relevant and informative information about Cambodia and its people
  • A web site designed and managed in Cambodia by Cambodians - jobs, maps, cultural translation, digital phrase-book of the Khmer language
  • Cambodia Travel & Leisure Guide - from ElephantGuide.com
  • 2006 Cambodia Travel Guide - Phnom Penh
  • Official website of the Phnom Penh Post, Cambodia's oldest English-language newspaper, issued fortnightly.
  • Royal University of Phnom Penh
  • Cambodia Airports Home of Pochentong (Phnom Penh) and Angkor (Siem Reap) International Airports. In English and French
  • Detailed Phnom Penh map at the website of Cambodia Yellow Pages
  • History photography of Phnom Penh in the 20's
  • Phnom Penh is at coordinates 11°33′00″N 104°55′00″E / 11.55, 104.9167Coordinates: 11°33′00″N 104°55′00″E / 11.55, 104.9167
    • Maps from MapQuest, Multimap and Yahoo! Maps
    • Satellite images and maps from Google Maps and Live Search
    • Other mapping from GlobalGuide and WikiMapia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Phnom Penh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (719 words)
Phnom Penh is located in the south-central region of Cambodia, at the confluence of the Tonle Sap and Mekong rivers.
Phnom Penh first became the capital of Cambodia after Ponhea Yat, king of the Khmer Empire fled Angkor Thom when it was captured by Siam in 1431.
Phnom Penh, and Cambodia in general is a major destination for sex tourism.
Phnom Penh - definition of Phnom Penh in Encyclopedia (584 words)
Phnom Penh (ភ្នុំពេញ) is the capital city of Cambodia.
By the 1920s Phnom Penh was known as the Pearl of Asia and over the next four decades continued to experience growth with the building of a railway to Kompong Som and the Pochentong International Airport.
During the Vietnam War, Cambodia, including Phnom Penh, was used as a base by the North Vietnamese Army and the NLF, and thousands of refugees from across the country flooded the city to escape the fighting between their own government troops, the NVA/NLF, the South Vietnamese and its allies and the Khmer Rouge.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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