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Encyclopedia > Philippine Airlines
Philippine Airlines
IATA
PR
ICAO
PAL
Callsign
PHILIPPINE
Founded March 15, 1941
Hubs
Frequent flyer program Mabuhay Miles
Member lounge Mabuhay Lounge
Subsidiaries
Fleet size 35[1] (+24 orders, +2 lease orders)
Destinations 48
Parent company PAL Holdings, Inc.
Company slogan
  • It's about experience.
  • Clearly No. 1
Headquarters Pasay City, Philippines
Key people
Website: http://www.philippineairlines.com

Philippine Airlines (abbreviated PAL, PSE: PAL), also known historically as Philippine Air Lines, is the national airline of the Philippines.[2] It is the first commercial airline in Asia and the oldest of those currently in operation, with a long and distinguished history spanning over sixty years. Out of its hubs at Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan-Cebu International Airport in Cebu City, Philippine Airlines serves eighteen destinations in the Philippines and twenty-six destinations in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Australia, Canada and the United States,[3] IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... Air Philippines is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... A holding company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors. ... The City of Pasay (Filipino: Lungsod ng Pasay) is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... Lucio Tan (born July 17, 1934) is a prominent Filipino business magnate. ... Chief Executive redirects here. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ... Fountain area inside the Philippine Stock Exchange Plaza, along Ayala Avenue in Makati City, Philippines The Philippine Stock Exchange (Filipino: Pamilihang Sapi ng Pilipinas) (PSE: PSE) is one of the two stock exchanges in the Philippines, the other one being the Philippine Dealing Exchange. ... National airlines redirects here. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... This article is about the geographical region. ...


Formerly one of the largest Asian airlines, PAL was severely affected by the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis. In what was believed to be one of the Philippines' biggest corporate failures, PAL was forced to downsize its international operations by completely cutting operations to Europe and eventually Southwest Asia, cutting virtually all domestic services excluding routes operated from Manila, reducing the size of its fleet and terminating the jobs of thousands of employees. The airline was placed under receivership in 1998, gradually restoring operations to many of the destinations it formerly serviced. PAL exited receivership in 2007 with ambitious plans to further restore services to its previously-serviced destinations, as well as diversify its fleet. The East Asian Financial Crisis was a period of economic unrest (or financial contagion) that started in July 1997 in Thailand with the financial collapse of the Thai Baht, and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in a number of Asian countries. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ...


Philippine Airlines is the first and only airline in the Philippines to be accredited with the IOSA (IATA Operations Safety Audit) by the International Air Transport Association and has been awarded a 3-star rating by Skytrax.[4] “IATA” redirects here. ... Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based researching company for commercial airlines. ...

Contents

History

Early beginnings

Philippine Airlines DC-3

Philippine Airlines was founded on February 26, 1941, making it Asia's oldest carrier still operating under its current name. The airline was started by a group of businessmen led by Andres Soriano, hailed as one of the Philippines' leading industrialists at the time, who served as its general manager, and former Senator Ramon Fernandez, who served as its chairman and president. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ...


The airline’s first flight took place on March 15, 1941 with a single Beechcraft Model 18 NPC-54 on daily services between Manila (from Nielson Field) and Baguio.[5] On July 22, the airline acquired the franchise of the Philippine Aerial Taxi Company. Government investment in September paved the way for its nationalization. is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Beechcraft 18 on floats. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Nielson Field (Luzon, the Philippines) was the location of the U.S. Far East Air Force headquarters. ... For other uses, see Baguio (disambiguation). ...


PAL services were interrupted during World War II, which lasted in the Philippines from 1942 to 1945. Upon the outbreak of the Pacific War on December 8, 1941, the two Model 18s and their pilots were pressed into military service. They were used to evacuate American fighter pilots to Australia until one was shot down over Mindanao and the other was destroyed on the ground in an air raid in Surabaya, Indonesia. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ...


On February 14, 1946, PAL resumed operations after a five-year hiatus with service to 15 domestic points with five Douglas DC-3s and a payroll of 108 names. Philippine Airlines returned to its original home, the Nielsen Airport in Makati. The airport, heavily damaged during the war, was refurbished and modernized by PAL at a hefty cost of over one million pesos, quickly becoming the official port of entry for air passengers into the Philippines. The airport was operated by Manila International Air Terminal, Inc., a wholly-owned PAL subsidiary. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ...

Philippine Airlines Vickers 784 Viscount

On July 31, 1946, PAL became the first Asian airline to cross the Pacific Ocean when a chartered Douglas DC-4 ferried 40 American servicemen to Oakland, California from Nielson Airport with stops in Guam, Wake Island, Johnston Atoll and Honolulu.[5] A regular service between Manila and San Francisco was started in December the same year.[5] It was during this time that the airline was designated as the country’s flag carrier.[6] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The designation DC-4 was used by Douglas Aircraft Company when developing the DC-4E as a large, four-engined type to complement its forthcoming DC-3 design. ... Oakland redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the city and county of Honolulu, see City & County of Honolulu. ... San Francisco redirects here. ...


PAL commenced service to Europe in 1947 with the acquisition of more Douglas DC-4s.[5] By 1948 PAL had absorbed the only other scheduled airlines in the Philippines, Far Eastern Air Transport and Commercial Air lines.[7] Following the government's decision to convert Nichols Field in Pasay City, the site of a former U.S. Air Force base, into a new international airport for Manila, PAL was required to move its base of operations and passenger terminal there from Nielsen Airport. The transfer was accomplished over a five-month period from January 31 to June 28, 1948, with PAL investing an additional P600,000 in ground installations and improvements to Nichols Field. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Nichols Field (Luzon, the Philippines), during the World War II era, was the location of the Far East Air Forces U.S. 20th Air Base Group. ... The City of Pasay (Filipino: Lungsod ng Pasay) is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. ...


In 1951, PAL leased a DC-3 named "Kinsei" to Japan Airlines, which led to the founding of the country's own national airline.[8] In 1954, the Philippine government suspended all long-haul international flights, only to resume five years later, when the government decided that it was a matter of national policy. In three years, PAL started services to Hong Kong, Bangkok, and Taipei using Convair 340s that would later be replaced by the Vickers Viscount 784, which brought the airline into the turboprop age. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... This article is about the city. ... A restored Convair 240 in Western Air Lines livery, at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California. ... The Viscount was a medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1953 by Vickers-Armstrongs, making it the first such aircraft to enter service in the world. ...


First expansion and modernization

Philippine Airlines Fokker 50
Philippine Airlines Fokker 50

In the 1960s, PAL entered the jet age, initially with a lone Boeing 707 that was later replaced with Douglas DC-8 aircraft leased from KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. The aircraft were used for long-haul international flights to Europe and the United States. The DC-3 remained the mainstay of domestic services as it expanded to a total of 72 points as airports were improved or opened, but most of the airline's rural air service was later stopped in May 1964. Two years later, PAL commenced its first turbojet services to Cebu, Bacolod, and Davao using the BAC1-11. In addition, PAL was also privatized, as the Philippine government relinquished its share in PAL after Benigno Toda, Jr., then-PAL chairman, acquired a majority stake in the airline.[5] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (947x361, 45 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (947x361, 45 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Nickname: Map of Negros Occidental showing the location of Bacolod City. ... Motto: Love, Peace, and Progress Map of Davao Region showing the location of Davao City Coordinates: 7° 30 N, 126° E Country Region Province None Districts 1st to 3rd Districts of Davao City Barangays 184 Incorporated (town) 1848 Incorporated (city) October 16, 1936 Government  - Mayor Rodrigo Duterte (Hugpong/PDP-Laban... The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC 1-11, the BAC-111 or the BAC-1-11, was a British short-range jet airliner of the 1960s and 1970s. ...


When President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law in 1972, he implemented a one-airline policy. PAL was the lone surviving airline, absorbing Air Manila and Filipinas Orient Airways. On March 10, 1973 PAL was re-designated as the national flag carrier.[7] PAL continued its expansion with the arrival of its first Douglas DC-10 in July 1974. Three years later, the Philippine government re-nationalized PAL, with the Government Service Insurance System holding a majority of PAL shares. In 1979, the Boeing 727, the Boeing 747-200 and the Airbus A300B4, dubbed the "Love Bus", joined the PAL fleet.[5] Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. ... Air Manila was a domestic airline in the Philippines. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engined long-range airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ...


Between 1979 and 1981, as part of a comprehensive modernization program, PAL built a series of mammoth aviation-related facilities around the periphery of the MIA. These included the PAL Technical Center, the PAL Inflight Center, the PAL Data Center and the PAL Aviation School.

Philippine Airlines Short 360 Sunriser
Philippine Airlines Short 360 Sunriser

On April 2, 1982, a PAL Boeing 747 arriving from San Francisco via Honolulu became the first aircraft to dock at the new 800-million peso Terminal 1 of Manila International Airport. PAL would later strengthen its cargo-handling capability by building a dedicated cargo terminal building adjacent to the MIA passenger terminal and installing cargo-refrigeration equipment in 1983. The new facilities, which catered mainly to international cargo services, enabled PAL to become a fully equipped cargo handler. Services to Paris and Zürich began in November 1982. Image File history File links PAL_Shorts_390. ... Image File history File links PAL_Shorts_390. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ...


Following the 1986 EDSA Revolution, Dante G. Santos became PAL president. He launched a massive modernization of the domestic fleet with the acquisition of the Short 360, nicknamed the "Sunriser", in May 1987, the Fokker 50 in August 1988 and the Boeing 737-300 jet in August 1989.[5] Combatants Civilians; Defected Troops Marcos Loyalist Troops Commanders Corazon Aquino Archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin Vice Chief of Staff Fidel Ramos Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Imelda Marcos Chief of Staff Fabian Ver Casualties None 1 “People Power” redirects here. ... The Short 360 (also SD3-60) is a commuter aircraft built by Short Brothers of Belfast, Northern Ireland, which is now a division of Bombardier of Canada. ... The Fokker 50 is a turboprop-powered airliner, designed as a refinement of and successor to the highly successful Fokker F27 Friendship. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ...


As the Manila domestic passenger terminal outgrew its capacity and ramp aircraft parking space became more scarce, PAL leased the hangar of the Philippine Aerospace Development Corporation and converted it into the PAL Domestic Terminal 2. The terminal, which opened in October 1988, exclusively served passengers flying to destinations serviced by PAL's Airbus A300s: namely, Cebu and Davao, with General Santos and Puerto Princesa added later on. At the same time, PAL also expanded and improved the existing terminal. The opening of the new facility cleared out the old terminal and provided greater convenience to passengers. Nickname: Map of South Cotabato showing the location of General Santos City. ... The City of Puerto Princesa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Puerto Princesa) is a first class city in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ...


Re-privatization and second expansion

Philippine Airlines Airbus A320-200. The A320 was the airline's first narrow body Airbus aircraft.
Philippine Airlines Airbus A320-200. The A320 was the airline's first narrow body Airbus aircraft.

PAL was privatized again in January 1992, when the government sold a 67% share of PAL to a holding company called PR Holdings. However, a conflict as to who would lead PAL led to a compromise in 1993, when former Agriculture Secretary Carlos G. Dominguez was elected PAL president by the airline's board of directors. The BAC 1-11s were retired in May 1992, following completion of the deliveries of B737s, and the Shorts SD360s in September. In November 1993, PAL acquired its first Boeing 747-400. The new aircraft arrived at Subic Bay International Airport and was carrying then-President Fidel V. Ramos, who was headed home from the United States after an official visit.[5] The 200-ton aircraft, one of the world's largest and most popular long-range aircraft continues to be the mainstay of PAL's Trans-Pacific services and its flagship aircraft. A new service between Manila and Osaka, launched in 1994, brought to 34 the number of points in PAL's international route network. The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... Subic Bay International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Look ng Subic) or SBIA (IATA: SFS, ICAO: RPLB) serves as a secondary airport and a main diversion airport of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... The short ton is a unit of mass equal to 907. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ...

Philippine Airlines Beechcraft 90 King Air
Philippine Airlines Beechcraft 90 King Air

The PAL Domestic Terminal 2 was refurbished in 1995, with a number of facilities being added or improved, including a renovated Mabuhay Lounge, an exclusive check-in counter for Mabuhay Class passengers, an Express Counter, refreshment bar, a medical clinic, an expansive waiting lounge and two baggage carousels in the arrival section. PAL facilities at NAIA were also renovated. The total cost for the renovation of the domestic terminal (1 and 2) reached P33.15 million while the NAIA renovation totaled P125 million. Image File history File links PAL_Beechcraft_90_King_Air. ... Image File history File links PAL_Beechcraft_90_King_Air. ...


In January 1995, Lucio C. Tan, the majority shareholder of PR Holdings, became the new chairman and CEO of the airline.[5] The delivery of the carrier's fourth Boeing 747-400 in April 1996 signaled the start of an ambitious US$4 billion modernization and refleeting program that aimed to make PAL one of Asia's best airlines within three years. The centerpiece of the program was the acquisition of 36 state-of-the-art aircraft from Airbus and Boeing between 1996 to 1999. The refleeting sought to give PAL the distinction of having the youngest fleet in Asia and allow the expansion of its domestic and international route network. The 36 orders of PAL during its refleeting program comprised of eight Boeing 747-400, four Airbus 340-300, eight Airbus 330-300 and twelve Airbus 320-200. The refleeting program enabled PAL to be dubbed the first airline in the world to operate the full range of new-generation Airbus aircraft.[9] The Airbus A340 is a long-range four-engined widebody commercial passenger airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. a subsidiary of EADS. It is similar in design to the twin-engined A330. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner manufactured by EADS (Airbus S.A.S.). It was developed at the same time as the four-engined A340. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ...


Asian financial crisis

This Philippine Airlines McDonnell Douglas MD-11 leased from World Airways was a part of a massive re-fleeting program. But over-expansion and a dispute with the employee's union shut down operations.

In 1997, PAL rebranded itself as "Asia's sunniest airline" to cap its new marketing and advertising thrust. In addition to its refleeting program, PAL commenced service to New York City (using Newark Liberty International Airport) via Vancouver. However, this caused the airline to be financially unstable, having acquired too many aircraft while matching them to unprofitable routes. The refleeting program was about halfway through when the full impact of the Asian financial crisis struck the airline industry early in 1998. By March 31, 1997, at the end of the 1996-1997 fiscal year, PAL had reported its largest annual loss of P8.08 billion. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (855x263, 43 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (855x263, 43 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... For the massive interchange outside of Newark Liberty International Airport, see Newark Airport Interchange. ... The East Asian Financial Crisis was a period of economic unrest (or financial contagion) that started in July 1997 in Thailand with the financial collapse of the Thai Baht, and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in a number of Asian countries. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


PAL's financial difficulties were compounded by a series of labor disputes that began when the pilots' union staged a three-week strike in June 1998. This was followed by a strike by the ground personnel union on July 22, which ended four days later with the signing of a deal between the union and management. However, PAL's lingering financial troubles continued to take their toll and on June 19, 1998, the company filed for receivership with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which then appointed a committee to oversee the rehabilitation of the flag carrier. Services to Europe, under the helm of General Manager Heinz van Opstal, were discontinued, with staff dismissals and the closure of PAL's European offices. The airline downsized its operations as the Asian financial crisis dragged the region's once-vibrant economies into recession in 1998. The PAL fleet was reduced from 53 to 22 aircraft with the elimination of all turboprop aircraft, eliminating its rural air service and causing the dismantling of its Cebu City hub. With massive lay-offs also taking place, disputes between the airline’s owners and the employee’s union led to a complete shutdown of PAL's operations on September 23, 1998, the first Asian airline to do so and one of the largest corporate failures in Philippine history.[10] Cathay Pacific temporarily took over PAL's domestic and international operations during its fourteen-day shutdown,[11] with Cathay Pacific also showing interest in acquiring a 40-percent stake in PAL during this period. However, no agreement was reached.[12] is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... SEC seal The Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission (commonly known as SEC) is a Philippine state commission responsible for securities laws and regulating the securities industry. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (traditional Chinese: ; SEHK: 0293, OTCBB: CPCAY) is the largest airline and flag carrier of Hong Kong. ...

The airline's flagship Boeing 747-400 and an Airbus A320-200
The airline's flagship Boeing 747-400 and an Airbus A320-200

PAL flew once again on October 7, 1998 after an agreement between PAL employees and top management, reported to be facilitated by then-President Joseph Estrada, was reached, with services to 15 domestic points out of Manila. On October 29, the flag carrier resumed international services with flights to Los Angeles and San Francisco, with other international services being restored three weeks later.[7] Asian services resumed on November 11 with flights to Tokyo and Hong Kong. PAL gradually expanded its network over the next two months, restoring services to Taipei, Osaka (via Cebu), Singapore, Fukuoka, Dhahran, Riyadh and Seoul. With the aviation industry still in the doldrums, PAL continued to search for a strategic partner but in the end, it submitted a "standalone" rehabilitation plan to the SEC on December 7, 1998. The plan provides a sound basis for the airline to undertake a recovery on its own while keeping the door open to the entry of a strategic partner in the future. PAL presented the new proposed rehabilitation plan to its major creditors during a two-week marathon meeting that started on February 15 in Washington D.C. and ended on March 1 in Hong Kong. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (931x487, 95 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (931x487, 95 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Joseph Ejército Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born José Marcelo Ejército on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... This article is about a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... This article is about Dhahran, the city. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


In 1999, PAL submitted its amended rehabilitation plan to the Securities and Exchange Commission that comprised a revised business plan and a revised financial restructuring plan. The plan also required the infusion of US$200 million in new equity, with 40% to 60% coming from financial investors and translating to no less than 90% ownership of PAL. That same year, with the unprecedented boom in air travel, PAL operations were moved to the new Centennial Terminal 2 of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, located at the site of the old MIA terminal building. On August 9, 1999, PAL moved selected domestic flights to the P5.3 billion terminal. Full domestic operations operated from the new terminal on August 10, while international services followed soon after, thus consolidating PAL's flight operations in one terminal for the first time. is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


Receivership and rehabilitation

A PAL Airbus A340-300. PAL was the first airline in the world to operate the full range of new-generation Airbus aircraft.
A PAL Airbus A340-300. PAL was the first airline in the world to operate the full range of new-generation Airbus aircraft.

In 2000, PAL finally returned to profitability, making some P44.2 million in its first year of rehabilitation, breaking some six years of heavy losses. On September 1, 2000, PAL formally handed over its ownership of its maintenance and engineering division to German-led joint venture Lufthansa Technik Philippines (LTP), the world's largest provider of aircraft maintenance services in accordance with the provisions of its rehabilitation plan, which mandates the disposal of the airline's non-core assets.[5] In August of the same year, PAL opened an e-mail booking facility. In 2001, PAL continued to gain a net profit of PHP419 million in its second year of rehabilitation. In this year alone, PAL restored services to Bangkok, Taipei, Sydney, Busan , Jakarta, Vancouver and Ho Chi Minh City, while launching new services to Shanghai and Melbourne. A year later, PAL restored services to Guam and Tagbilaran For the road in England, see A340 road. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Saigon redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... View of the City of Tagbilaran from Bohol Plaza Resort Flag of Tagbilaran City Tagbilaran City is a 3rd class city in the province of Bohol, Philippines. ...


The Mabuhay Miles frequent flyer program was launched in 2002, combining PAL's former frequent flyer programs, PALSmiles, Mabuhay Club, and the Flying Sportsman (now SportsPlus) all into one. The PAL RHUSH (Rapid Handling of Urgent Shipments) Cargo service was also re-launched during the same year. An online arrival and departure facility and a new booking system were launched in 2003. In December, PAL also acquired a fifth Boeing 747-400.


In 2004, PAL launched services to Las Vegas to mark its 63rd year of service. PAL also returned to Laoag and started services to Macau on codeshare with Air Macau. The airline also saw its return to Europe with the return of the airline to Paris and Amsterdam on agreements with Air France and KLM.[13] Service to Paris, however, was inevitably cut due to the formation of Air France-KLM. PAL also continued an overhaul of its fleet with the arrival of two new Airbus A320s and continued modernizing its ticketing systems with the launch of electronic ticketing. For the first time in Philippine history, the airline flew President-elect Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Vice-President-elect Noli de Castro to their inauguration in Cebu City. Arroyo rode a chartered PAL Airbus A330-300, while de Castro was aboard a separate Airbus A320. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Laoag City (18°N 12, 120°E 36) is the capital city of Ilocos Norte province in the Ilocos Region of the Philippines. ... Air Macau (Chinese:澳門航空), is an airline based in Macau. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... KLM Boeing 737-300. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Manuel Noli Leuterio De Castro, Jr. ...


In March 2005, PAL started services to Nagoya and restored scheduled flights to Beijing after a 15-year hiatus. In response to rival Cebu Pacific's increasing domestic market share, mainly due to its massive re-fleeting program[14] and the its own aging Boeing 737 fleet, PAL signed an agreement for the purchase and lease of up to 18 brand-new Airbus A319s and A320s from Airbus and GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS) on December 6, 2005. Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... Peking redirects here. ... Cebu Pacific Air is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... Categories: General Electric subsidiaries | Corporation stubs ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

A PAL Airbus A319, one of the newest aircraft in its fleet.
A PAL Airbus A319, one of the newest aircraft in its fleet.

The first brand-new, GECAS-leased Airbus A319s were delivered to and inaugurated by PAL and President Arroyo in October 20, 2006. It is the first aircraft in the airline's history to offer AVOD-capable inflight entertainment. Later in December, the airline initiated its wide-body re-fleeting program by signing a deal with Boeing in Honolulu for the purchase of two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft to be delivered in 2009, with an option to purchase two more planes in 2011. PAL also signed a separate agreement with GECAS to lease another two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft for delivery in 2010. The purchase of the new 777s effectively canceled previous orders for new 747-400s, ending the production of said aircraft.[15][16] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


In February 2007, PAL became the country's only airline to meet the IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). IOSA is the first global standard for airline operational safety auditing.[17] Later, on June 27, 2007, PAL announced its interest in opening a new hub at Diosdado Macapagal International Airport in Angeles City by committing a $50 million investment on airport infrastructure, as well as proposed routes from Angeles City to Korea, Japan and China. The future PAL terminal at the DMIA would be able to accommodate the Airbus A380. While construction is scheduled to start in January 2008,[18] it is unclear whether or not construction is underway. The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal) (DMIA), also called Clark International Airport and Manila-Clark International Airport (IATA: CRK, ICAO: RPLC), is the main airport serving the immediate vicinity of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) and the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines. ... Nickname: Motto: Sulong Angeles. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ...


On July 2, 2007, PAL purchased two of the three Bombardier Q300 aircraft ordered by its subsidiary Air Philippines for delivery in November the same year. This move was caused by competition among Philippine carriers to service flights to Malay, home to the tropical island of Boracay.[19] PAL later signed a memorandum of understanding that opens the way for the introduction of flights to the southwestern Chinese city of Chongqing.[20] Service to Chongqing began on March 14, 2008, while service to Chengdu commenced on March 18. is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dash 8 is also a series of diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives The de Havilland Canada Dash 8 is a series of twin-engined, medium range, turboprop airliners introduced by de Havilland Canada (DHC) in 1984. ... Air Philippines is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... Malay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Aklan, Philippines. ... Boracay is a tropical island located approximately 315km (200 miles) south of Manila and 2km off the northwest tip of the island of Panay in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ...


The Securities and Exchange Commission, on October 4, 2007, ordered the release of PAL from receivership. This move came nine years after coming within proximity of liquidation amid mounting bills due to the Asian financial crisis. Moments after PAL’s formal exit from the rehabilitation, the airline announced plans to attract foreign investments through an international road show to tour around Asia, Europe and North America.[21] SEC seal The Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission (commonly known as SEC) is a Philippine state commission responsible for securities laws and regulating the securities industry. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Many of the most spectacular films ever made were shown as road show attractions. ...


Philippine Airlines was named "Airline Turnaround of the Year" for 2006 and 2007 by the Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation for its "strategic contribution to the aviation industry through a significant transformation by successfully restructuring its operations through innovative cost-cutting measures resulting in operating profits".[22] [23]


Post-receivership and contemporary history

Despite PAL's successful exit from receivership, with the downgrading of the standard of Philippine aviation by the United States Federal Aviation Administration from Category 1 to Category 2 in January 2008, PAL president Jaime Bautista stated that as a consequence of the downgrading, its 2008 growth targets would be lowered. The FAA decision prevents PAL from increasing its flights to the United States from 33 per week or from switching the type of aircraft used unless the airline undertakes a wet-lease agreement with a different carrier.[24] This is in spite of PAL efforts to expand its presence in the US market by opening new service to San Diego and restarting service to Chicago and New York City,[24] as well as Saipan. FAA redirects here. ...


On March 31, 2008, PAL announced that it had ordered nine aircraft from Bombardier Aerospace: namely three 50-seater Bombardier Q300 and six 78-seater Bombardier Q400 aircraft at an estimated value of $150 million,[25] all in preparation for the launch of PAL Express, its new regional subsidiary, which was unveiled on April 14, 2008. Using the recently-ordered fleet, PAL Express will primarily fly intra-regional routes in the Visayas and Mindanao from Cebu City, as well as secondary routes to smaller airports in island provinces that are not able to accommodate PAL’s regular jet aircraft. The launch of PAL Express is a ground-breaking step for PAL as it not only marks the first time it is launching a sub-brand in its history but also marks the return of turboprop aircraft to the PAL fleet since the Asian financial crisis. PAL Express operations are scheduled to begin on May 5, with eight flights daily between Manila and Malay. Hub operations from Cebu City are scheduled to commence on May 19 with flights between Cebu and five points in the Visayas and Mindanao.[26] is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Bombardier Aerospace is a division of the Bombardier group. ... Dash 8 is also a series of diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives The de Havilland Canada Dash 8 is a series of twin-engined, medium range, turboprop airliners introduced by de Havilland Canada (DHC) in 1984. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Corporate management

Philippine Airlines is owned by PAL Holdings, a holding company responsible for the airline's operations. PAL Holdings is in turn part of a group of companies owned by business tycoon Lucio Tan. PAL is the thirteenth-largest corporation in the Philippines in terms of revenue and the twenty-first largest in terms of assets, as stated in the Philippines' Top 500 Largest Corporations of 2005. As of January 2005, PAL employs a total of 7,322 regular employees, including 450 pilots and 1300 cabin crew.[27] PAL is the sixty-first largest airline in the world in terms of revenue passenger kilometers flown, with over 16 million flown for 21 million available seat kilometers, an average load factor of 76 percent.[28] For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... Lucio Tan (born July 17, 1934) is a prominent Filipino business magnate. ...


For the fiscal year ending on March 31, 2007, Philippine Airlines reported a net income of US$140.3 million, the largest profit in its 66-year history. This would pave the way for it to exit receivership by October 2007, which it did on October 4, 2007, with the auspices of the Securities and Exchange Commission. PAL is forecasting net profit to reach $32.32 million for the fiscal year ending on March 31, 2008, $26.28 million in 2009 and $47.41 million in 2010. is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... SEC seal The Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission (commonly known as SEC) is a Philippine state commission responsible for securities laws and regulating the securities industry. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Major facilities

Philippine Airlines operates several aviation facilities in the Philippines. These include various training facilities for pilots and cabin crew, catering services, as well as a data center and a flight simulator. For flight simulator software from Microsoft, see Microsoft Flight Simulator. ...


Training facilities

Philippine Airlines maintains training facilities both for its pilots and other crew. This is composed of both the PAL Aviation School, the PAL Technical Center and the PAL Learning Center.


The PAL Aviation School, located within the premises of Diosdado Macapagal International Airport, provides flight training for its own operations and as well as for other airlines, the Philippine government and individual students. It currently operates five Cessna 172Rs and a Piper Seminole for student pilots' training with complete training facilities including simulators for the Boeing 737 and for turboprop aircraft. More than 5,000 students graduated from the PAL Aviation School, eventually joining the ranks of pilots at PAL and other airlines. Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal) (DMIA), also called Clark International Airport and Manila-Clark International Airport (IATA: CRK, ICAO: RPLC), is the main airport serving the immediate vicinity of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) and the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines. ... Cessna 172RG 1964 Cessna 172E 1965 Cessna F172G 1971 Cessna 172 The early Cessna 172 Skyhawks had no rear window and featured a square fin design, like this 1957 model 1977 Cessna 172XP 1977 Cessna 172M Cessna 172R Panel of C-GLFC The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four-seat... The Piper PA-44 Seminole is essentially a twin-engine version of the popular Piper Cherokee 140/Warrior series of small, single-engine flight training aircraft. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ...


The PAL Learning Center, located in Manila, serves as the integrated center for Philippine Airlines' flight deck crew, cabin crew, catering, technical, ticketing and ground personnel.


Airport and cargo services

PAL also maintains integrated airport ground handling services, cargo operations and a full catering service for it and other airlines. This is composed of PAL Airport Services, Philippine Airlines Cargo and the PAL Inflight Center.


Based at both the Centennial Terminal (Terminal 2) and International Cargo Terminal of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, PAL Airport Services offers ground handling for seven international airlines calling at Manila, while Philippine Airlines Cargo processes and ships an average of 200 tons of Manila publications and 2 tons of mail daily throughout the country and 368 tons of cargo abroad daily.


Established in 1979, the PAL Inflight Center is the site of fully equipped in-flight kitchens and catering center of Philippine Airlines which also offer catering services for Japan Airlines, China Airlines, Korean Air and Northwest Airlines, producing some 6,500 meals daily. Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters are located in Seoul, Korea. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ...


PAL Data Center

Located in Pasay City, the PAL Data Center is the headquarters of the airline's information systems department, communications engineering and information technology hub. The center is the core of the Philippine Airlines' operations, having one of the most extensive computer systems and radio communications networks in the Philippines. Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


PAL Flight Simulator

Located at the PAL Maintenance Base Complex in Pasay City, the PAL flight simulator, designed to simulate a Boeing 737, can duplicate all flight conditions complete with sound and visual system capability for day, dusk and night


Destinations

Further information: Philippine Airlines destinations
Philippine Airlines International Routes

Internationally, Philippine Airlines mainly flies within the Asia-Pacific region with destinations in the United States and Canada often heavily marketed. PAL flies daily to over 24 international destinations including Manila. PAL also has an extensive domestic network offering multiple flights a day between Manila and selected Philippine cities. Philippine Airlines flies to the following airports. ...


Historically, PAL used to fly to destinations such as New York City, Europe and the Middle East, however due to financial difficulties and high fuel prices, PAL was forced to relinquish services to these areas (although PAL maintains some code-share agreements with carriers to continue services to these places). After rehabilitation, PAL flew to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia but had to suspend flights to the city due to an oversupply of seats, intense competition by Arab carriers and high fuel prices.[29] PAL also flew non-stop from Honolulu to Laoag using its McDonnell Douglas MD-11 aircraft. This serviced the heavily populated Ilocano community in Hawaii. However, this service was discontinued when the airline shut down its operations in the latter part of 1998.[citation needed] In the future, PAL has expressed interest in increasing its frequencies to Canada and China and introducing flights to India, Europe, Cambodia, Nepal, Myanmar, New Zealand, Saipan, Seattle, Chicago, San Diego and New York City.[30][31] Flights to Caticlan's Godofredo P. Ramos Airport, the primary entry point to Boracay Island, will be serviced through Air Philippines' Island Holidays Leisure Brand strategically scheduled to connect with PAL's international flights. [19]. Riyadh from space, April 1994 Minestry of interior Faisaliah Centre King Fahad Int. ... Godofredo P. Ramos Airport (IATA: MPH, ICAO: RPVE), also known as Caticlan Airport, is an airport serving the general area of the town of Malay, located in the province of Aklan in the Philippines. ... Boracay is a tropical island located approximately 315km (200 miles) south of Manila and 2km off the northwest tip of the island of Panay in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. ...


New routes

Cebu

  • Twice daily service to Bacolod, Negros Occidental, begins May 19, 2008.
  • Thrice daily service to Davao City, Davao del Sur, begins May 26, 2008.
  • Once daily service to General Santos City, begins May 19, 2008.
  • Twice daily service to Iloilo City, Iloilo, begins May 26, 2008.
  • Once daily service to Puerto Princesa, Palawan, begins May 26, 2008.
  • Once daily service to Tacloban, Leyte, begins May 19, 2008.
  • Once daily service to Butuan, Agusan del Norte, begins May 19, 2008.
  • Once daily service to Caticlan/Boracay, Aklan, begins May 19, 2008.

is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Manila

  • Five times weekly service to Macau, China, begins May 1, 2008.
  • Eight times daily service to Caticlan/Boracay, Aklan, begins May 5, 2008.
  • Once daily service to Busuanga, Palawan begins May 19, 2008.
  • Service to San Diego, California, USA, is pending government approval.

is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Electronic ticketing

In 2004, Philippine Airlines introduced electronic ticketing on flights between Manila and Cebu. By May 17, 2007, it was made available on all PAL-operated domestic and International flights, ahead of the End of 2007 deadline for 100% electronic ticketing set by IATA. Currently, PAL has interline e-ticketing agreements with 37 International Airlines, such as Air Canada, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Continental Airlines, Delta Airlines, Emirates Airline, Japan Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Qantas Airways and Singapore Airlines among others.[32] “E-ticket” redirects here. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (traditional Chinese: ; SEHK: 0293, OTCBB: CPCAY) is the largest airline and flag carrier of Hong Kong. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... Delta Air Lines (NYSE: DAL) is an airline based in Atlanta, Georgia, operating a large domestic network within the USA, as well as an international network that spans Europe, Asia, and Latin America. ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ... Qantas is Australias oldest and largest airline, and the worlds second oldest airline (after KLM). ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ...


Fleet

Philippine Airlines currently operates a total fleet of thirty-six modern widebodied and an all-Airbus narrowbodied passenger aircraft. As of 1 January 2008, the average age of aircraft in the fleet is 7.7 years. Philippine Airlines is the world's fifth youngest operator of the Airbus A319-100, with a fleet age of 0.6 years. PAL also operates nine turbo-prop aircraft through its subsidiary, PAL Express. The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ...

Philippine Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Total Passengers
(First/Mabuhay/Fiesta)
Routes Notes
Airbus A319-100 4 134 (0/8/126) Domestic/international short haul
Domestic, Southeast Asia
All fitted with new interior and Mabuhay class with AVOD and IFE
Airbus A320-200 14
(11 orders)
150 (0/12/138)
156 (0/12/144)
Domestic/international short haul
Domestic, Asia, Micronesia
To be delivered: 2008-2012
Newer aircraft have been fitted with new interior and new Mabuhay class with AVOD and IFE
Airbus A330-300 8 302 (0/42/260) Domestic/international short-medium haul
Domestic, Asia, Australia
Airbus A340-300 4 264 (12/32/220) Domestic/international short-long haul
Domestic, Southeast Asia, Micronesia, North America
First class to be removed, all aircraft to undergo refurbishment, to be completed by 2009
Boeing 747-400 4 398 (32/40/326) Domestic/international short-long haul
Domestic, East Asia, Micronesia, North America
First class to be removed, all aircraft to undergo refurbishment, to be completed by 2009
Boeing 747-400M 1 433 (18/32/383) Domestic/international short-long haul
Domestic, East Asia, Micronesia, North America
First class to be removed, all aircraft to undergo refurbishment, to be completed by 2009
Boeing 777-300ER (4 orders)
(2 lease orders)
365 Ultra long haul Entry into service: 2009
Bombardier Dash 8 300 (3 orders) 50 (0/0/50) Domestic short haul
Domestic
Entry into service: 2008, to be operated by PAL Express
Bombardier Dash 8 400 0 (6 orders) 76 (0/0/76) Domestic short haul
Domestic
Entry into service: 2008, to be operated by PAL Express

References: [1] , [2], [3], [4] The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Dash 8 is also a series of diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives The de Havilland Canada Dash 8 is a series of twin-engined, medium range, turboprop airliners introduced by de Havilland Canada (DHC) in 1984. ... Dash 8 is also a series of diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives The de Havilland Canada Dash 8 is a series of twin-engined, medium range, turboprop airliners introduced by de Havilland Canada (DHC) in 1984. ...


Future fleet

In May 2006, Philippine Airlines announced its medium-term fleet plan, covering fiscal years 2006 to 2011. The plan aims to increase and/or replace the current fleet with new additional aircraft for a complete fleet of 43 wide and narrow bodied aircraft at the culmination of the re-fleeting and expansion program. A major overhaul of the narrow-bodied fleet includes the phase out all remaining Boeing 737 aircraft by October 2007, maintaining instead a fleet of 20 brand-new Airbus A320-family aircraft from 2008 onwards. The wide-bodied fleet plan also looks to increase the current medium-haul fleet of eight Airbus A330 with two additional mid-range aircraft between 2007 and 2009, and the long-haul fleet of five Boeing 747 and four Airbus A340 with six additional long-range aircraft between 2007 and 2011. For the road in England, see A340 road. ...


On December 6, 2006, PAL signed an agreement with Boeing for two 777-300ER airplanes, with a purchase agreement for two more aircraft. A separate agreement to lease two Boeing 777-300ERs from General Electric Capital Aviation Services (GECAS) was signed as well. Deliveries will start in 2009. In May 2007, the airline exercised the rights for the two extra 777 Aircraft for delivery in 2011. [15][16] However, due to the recent downgrade by the FAA to a Category 2 rating of the Philippine's air safety standards, PAL's officials conceded that delivery of these 777-300s may be delayed. The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine airliners built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ...


And in 2008, Philippine Airlines ordered De Havilland Dash 8 series Q300 and Q400 aircraft, three and six respectively, for Philippine Airlines' plan to initiate 8 daily flights to Boracay using the Q300 aircraft, and to various domestic routes such as to and from their hub in Cebu using the Q400 aircraft in PAL's plan to "beef up" its domestic presence.[33] The de Havilland Canada DHC-8, popularly known as the Dash 8, is a series of twin-engined, medium range, turboprop airliners introduced by de Havilland Canada (DHC) in 1984. ... Boracay is a tropical island located approximately 315km (200 miles) south of Manila and 2km off the northwest tip of the island of Panay in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. ... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ...


Philippine Airlines has shown interest in acquiring future generation aircraft such as the Airbus A380, Airbus A350 XWB, Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental, and the Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner. The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... “A350” redirects here. ... The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... Rendering of a final design Northwest Airlines Boeing 787-8 The Boeing 787, or Dreamliner, is a mid-sized wide body passenger airliner currently under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in 2008. ...


Former fleet

Lufthansa Airbus A300 The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range, wide-body family of aircraft manufactured by Airbus between 1972 and the present. ... Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340. ... The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC 1-11, the BAC-111 or the BAC-1-11, was a British short-range jet airliner of the 1960s and 1970s. ... The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC 1-11, the BAC-111 or the BAC-1-11, was a British short-range jet airliner of the 1960s and 1970s. ... 1943 Beech D.17S Staggerwing The Beechcraft Staggerwing is a biplane with, unusually, a backward stagger (the lower wing is further forward than the upper wing). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet_liner in the world. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... A restored Convair 240 in Western Air Lines livery, at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California. ... The de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter is a single engined, high wing, propeller-driven, STOL aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... The designation DC-4 was used by Douglas Aircraft Company when developing the DC-4E as a large, four-engined type to complement its forthcoming DC-3 design. ... The Douglas DC-6 is a piston-powered airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972. ... DC10 redirects here. ... The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ... The Fokker 50 is a turboprop-powered airliner, designed as a refinement of and successor to the highly successful Fokker F27 Friendship. ... OH-23 The four-place Hiller H-23 Raven light observation helicopter was based on the United States Navy UH-12, which was first flown in 1948. ... The Avro 748 was a small short-range turboprop airliner designed by Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the now-aged DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... The NAMC YS-11 is a turboprop airliner built by a Japanese consortium, the Nihon Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation. ... The Noorduyn Norseman is a Canadian single-engine bush plane designed to operate from unimproved surfaces. ... The Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer was a British STOL transport aircraft of the 1950s, designed with both civil and military operators in mind. ... The Shorts 360 is a commuter aircraft built by Short Brothers of Belfast, Northern Ireland, which is now a division of Bombardier of Canada. ... The Viscount was a medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1953 by Vickers-Armstrongs, making it the first such aircraft to enter service in the world. ...

Fleet maintenance

The entire Philippine Airlines fleet of Airbus and Boeing jets were formerly maintained in-house at the PAL Technical Center, which consists of two hangars which contain an engine overhaul shop, two engine test cells and test shops. The responsibility of maintaining the fleet, as well as all the facilities, was subsequently transferred in 2000 to Lufthansa Technik Philippines (LTP), a joint venture of Hamburg-based Lufthansa Technik AG, a leading maintenance provider in aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul, and Macro Asia Corporation, one of the Philippines' leading providers of aviation support services and catering for foreign airlines, owned by Lucio Tan, the majority owner of PAL. LTP currently maintains a four-bay hangar and workshops occupying 110,000 square meters in Manila’s Ninoy Aquino International Airport.[34] Airbus S.A.S. (pronounced in English, in French, and in German) is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace concern. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ...


Brand

Livery and logo

This logo was applied on the Convair 340 in the 1950s. A simplified design was used in the 1960s.
This logo was the official logo of the airline from the mid-1960s up until 1986.
This logo was applied to aircraft during the 1970s and complemented the previous one. The typeface used here was later applied to the official logo.

The Philippine Airlines logo is inspired by the colors and design of the flag of the Philippines and consists of a blue and a red triangle, with an eight-rayed, orange-yellow sun imposed on the blue triangle, when the airline adopted its current corporate identity. Image File history File linksMetadata PAL50. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PAL50. ... A restored Convair 240 in Western Air Lines livery, at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PAL60. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PAL60. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PAL-70. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PAL-70. ... Bandila redirects here. ...


The name "Philippines" (in italics) marks the forward portion of the classic eurowhite fuselage, while the vertical stabilizer is painted with the logo and the Philippine flag is visible near the rear of the aircraft. The airline originally intended to put only "Philippines" instead of Philippine Airlines because of its status as the country's flag carrier, but has lead confusion to many people. This well-known livery has been in use since 1986, up to present. Eurowhite is a term used in the aviation industry to describe airline aircraft paint schemes which are predominantly white, usually adorned only with the airlines name along the forward fuselage, and its logo on the vertical tail. ...


PAL aircraft used for presidential-chartered flights for international head-of-state meetings have been also mistaken as the Philippine "Air Force One," due to the sole use of the word "Philippines" (Such flights are designated as PR 001). Some nations maintain one or more special aircraft to transport their heads of state and government. ...


Slogans and advertising

  • Mabuhay
  • Asia's First Airline
  • Welcome Aboard the Philippines
  • Shining Through
  • On the Wings of Change
  • Asia's Sunniest
  • With You All the Way
  • It's About Experience - is the current tagline of the airline and was introduced after its 60th Anniversary. It attempts to highlight the fact that PAL is the first and longest-serving airline in Asia under its original name. The slogan was also used in the airline's ad spot featuring Kevyn Lettau, which incidentally featured her song, "Sunlight."
  • Love at 30,000 Feet is the de facto theme song of the airline. It was composed by Jose Mari Chan and is still being used today. The song has many variations, including a version for the PAL's Swingaround tour package advertisement.

Jose Mari Chan is a popular Filipino singer-songwriter and businessman. ...

Mabuhay Miles

Mabuhay Miles is the Philippine Airlines frequent flyer program. It was established in 2002 by merging all existing PAL frequent flyer programs prior to the Asian financial crisis: namely, PALsmiles, the Mabuhay Club and the Flying Sportsman, with PALsmiles and Mabuhay Club members being moved to the new program on August 1, 2002.[35] The Flying Sportsman program was subsequently transformed into SportsPlus, a a three-tiered, subscription-based program which gives extra baggage allocations for sports equipment on PAL flights, aimed specifically at golfers, bowlers, scuba divers, tennis and badminton players, anglers and cyclists. Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Mabuhay Miles members earn miles that can be redeemed at face value on most Philippine Airlines-operated flights, as well as on code-shared routes of partner airlines. Some promotional fares and all flights operated by Air Philippines, however, are ineligible to earn miles. Miles may also be earned by patronizing the services of Mabuhay Miles partners, or by purchasing miles. Membership tiers include Mabuhay Miles Base, Elite, Premium Elite and Million Miler.

Mabuhay Miles Tiers
Tier Level Benefits Requirements
Base
  • Redeemable free flights and service class upgrades
1,000 Miles on eligible published fares with Philippine Airlines and partners.
Elite
  • 25% bonus on actual miles flown for all flights on Philippine Airlines
  • Mabuhay Lounge access and participating VIP lounges
  • Priority reservation waitlist
  • Priority check-in, boarding, luggage handling
  • Priority airport standby (higher priority for a seat on the next available flight in case of flight cancellations)
  • Additional luggage allowance of ten kilograms flying on Philippine Airlines-operated flights (except to/from the United States and Canada)
  • SportsPlus Global and partner privileges
25,000 miles or
30 one way segments in Fiesta class or
15 one way segments in First or Mabuhay class within a calendar year
Premier Elite
  • Receive all the benefits of Mabuhay Miles Elite
  • 75% bonus on actual miles flown traveling to and from the United States and Canada on Philippine Airlines
  • For all other flights on Philippine Airlines, a 25% bonus on actual miles flown
  • Receive 2 upgrade travel certificates
  • Invite a traveling companion to the Mabuhay Lounge
45,000 miles or
50 one way segments in Fiesta class or
25 one way segments in First or Mabuhay class within a calendar year
Million Miller
  • Receive all the benefits of Mabuhay Miles Premier Elite
  • Lifetime Premier Elite Membership
  • Highest level of priority and recognition
1,000,000 miles accumulated from the beginning of one's membership

As of October 22, 2004, Philippine Airlines has 27 Million Milers.[36] is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Mabuhay Lounge

The Mabuhay Lounge is the Philippine Airlines airport lounge, serving passengers flying First Class and Mabuhay Class on Philippine Airlines flights, as well as members of the Mabuhay Miles Elite and Premier Elite membership tiers. There are eleven Mabuhay Lounges,[37] with one each in Bacolod City, Iloilo City and General Santos City in the Philippines, and in Los Angeles and San Francisco internationally. There are two lounges at PAL's hubs in Manila and Cebu City, as well as in Davao City, with each lounge respectively catering to PAL's domestic and international passengers. The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... Bacolod-Silay City International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Bacolod-Lungsod ng Silay) (IATA: BCD, ICAO: RPVB) is an international airport designed to serve the general area of Bacolod City, the capital city of Negros Occidental in the Philippines. ... Iloilo International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Iloilo) (IATA: ILO, ICAO: RPVI) is an international airport designed to serve the general area of Iloilo City, the capital city of the province of Iloilo in the Philippines, as well as the regional center of the Western Visayas region, or Region VI... General Santos International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Heneral Santos, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa General Santos) (IATA: GES, ICAO: RPMR) is an airport serving the general area of General Santos City, located in the province of South Cotabato in the Philippines. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... FAA diagram of SFO For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... Francisco Bangoy International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Francisco Bangoy), also called Davao International Airport (DIA) (IATA: DVO, ICAO: RPMD), is the main airport serving Davao City in the Philippines. ...


All Mabuhay Lounges offer light meals and refreshments. At the Mabuhay Lounges in Manila and Cebu City, as well as in Bacolod and Iloilo, amenities include large plasma-screen televisions, a business center equipped with telephones, a fax machine and personal computers with free, unlimited Internet access, as well as massage services. Wi-Fi internet service is available exclusively at the Mabuhay Lounges in Manila and Cebu City.


At destinations without a separate Mabuhay Lounge, customers may avail of the services offered by the VIP lounges of those airports.


Codeshare agreements

Philippine Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines as of April 2008:[38] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Air Philippines is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (traditional Chinese: ; SEHK: 0293, OTCBB: CPCAY) is the largest airline and flag carrier of Hong Kong. ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-ʻitiħād) is the flag carrier of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ... PT (Persero) Perusahaan Penerbangan Garuda Indonesia, abbreviated to Garuda Indonesia, is the national airline of Indonesia. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. ...

Cabin service

Philippine Airlines currently offers bi-class services on most aircraft, and mono-class service on selected Airbus A320-200 aircraft. The airline's inflight magazine, Mabuhay, is available on all classes. In 2006, in commemoration with the 60th anniversary of the First Transpacific Crossing by an Asian Airline, Philippine Airlines launched One by One in its First Class and Mabuhay Class service onboard transpacific flights. The new inflight meal service method recreates the "A la Carte" service where passengers can select their own meal from a variety of choices. "On Demand" service allows passengers to partake of their meals anytime during the flight.


Mabuhay Class (business class)

Mabuhay Class seats, available on all wide-bodied, A319 and most A320 aircraft offer increased legroom, advanced seat ergonomics and personal screens (the B737 and older A320s do not feature personal screens and instead the latter has drop-down LCD screens). The food service offers a selection of Western, Filipino and Japanese Kaiseki dishes offered on Japan-bound flights. The Mabuhay Class seats in the Airbus A319 and newer Airbus A320s offer Audio-Video On Demand,[40] laptop power supply with a seat pitch of 39 inches (990 mm). Currently, Philippine Airlines is the only local carrier to offer business class on domestic flights. Amenity kits with toothpaste, hairbrush, knitted socks, slumber mask and toiletries from BVLGARI are provided on long-haul flights. BVLGARI logo Italian jeweler Bulgari (often written BVLGARI) was founded in Rome by Greek emigrant Sotirio Boulgaris in 1884. ...


Fiesta Class (economy class)

On long-haul flights, a basic amenity kit with toothpaste, slumber mask and socks is distributed to passengers.[41] Like the economy class seats in other carriers, the passenger's footrests and tray tables are found in the seat in front of them except for bulkhead and exit seats, where the tray tables are embedded in the seats and footrests are on the floor. All widebody aircraft in PAL's fleet have large video and smaller LCD screens mounted in certain parts of the cabin as well as overhead TV screens. A319s and A320s have drop down LCD screens. [40] All aircraft feature rolling audio entertainment to Fiesta Class passengers.


Enhanced cabin

Philippine Airlines is the first airline in Asia to feature an enhanced cabin in its Airbus A320 family aircraft.[42] The Mabuhay and Fiesta class seats in the A319 and upcoming A320s are fitted with sky blue upholstery with a wave-pattern in aqua blue and terracotta. The laminates at the fore and rear sections of the aircraft are decorated with a palm tree landscape design and the curtains, carpet and surfaces are in various shades of blue, white, gray, silver and tan. [40]


Cabin modernization plan

In the second half of 2006, PAL announced a cabin reconfiguration project for its Boeing 747-400 and Airbus A340-300 aircraft. The airline is spending USD$85.7 million to remove the first-class section and increase the size of its business featuring cocoon-type lie-flat seats and economy cabins. Also, personal screens with AVOD will be made available comprehensively across both cabin classes. The cabin reconfiguration project is scheduled to begin in the third quarter of 2008. The new cabin configuration with the enhanced Mabuhay and Fiesta classes is also expected on the Boeing 777-300ER aircraft on order.[43] The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine airliners built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ...


Incidents and accidents

Philippine Airlines is accredited by IATA with the IOSA (IATA Operations Safety Audit) (Accreditation February 2007).[17] For full reports and complete list of incidents involving Philippine Airlines, see here[5].

Philippine Airlines Reported Incidents
Flight Designation Date Aircraft Location Description Casualties[44]
N/A January 24, 1950 Douglas DC-3 Iloilo The aircraft crashed en route to Iloilo's Mandurriao Airport. Fatalities: 4
N/A March 30, 1952 Douglas DC-3 Baguio City Aircraft with registration number PI-C270 from Loakan Airport crashes upon takeoff Fatalities: 10
N/A January 14, 1954 Douglas DC-6 Rome, Italy Crashed in Ciampino Airport in Rome while attempting to land in heavy turbulence, which led to an engine fire. Fatalities: 16
N/A November 23, 1960 Douglas DC-3 Manila Crashed in Mount Baco while en route to Manila due to poor weather conditions. Fatalities: 33
N/A December 22, 1960 Douglas DC-3 Cebu City Crashed in Mactan-Cebu International Airport upon takeoff after a failure of the number one engine. Fatalities: 28
N/A March 2, 1963 Douglas DC-3 Davao City Crashed due to premature descent. Fatalities: 27
N/A February 21, 1964 Douglas DC-3 Marawi City Crashed due to Pilot error, upon landing approach. Fatalities: 31
N/A June 29, 1966 Douglas DC-3 Sagalyan Crashed due to crew error, severe turbulence and strong gusty winds. Fatalities: 26
N/A February 28, 1967 Fokker F-27 Friendship Cebu City Crashed in Mactan-Cebu International Airport during landing due to an aft center of gravity condition resulting from improper loading. Fatalities: 12
N/A July 6, 1967 Fokker F-27 Friendship Bacolod City Crashed Fatalities: 21
N/A September 12, 1969 British Aerospace One-Eleven Antipolo City Crashed short on a hill upon landing approach. Fatalities: 45
Flight 215 April 21, 1970 Hawker Siddeley HS-748 Manila Crashed in Nichols Field after a bomb exploded in the rear cargo section. Fatalities: 36
Flight 463 November 28, 1972 Hawker Siddeley HS-748 Bislig City Bounced and swerved on landing. The nosegear, wings, and propellers are severely damaged. None
N/A February 3, 1975 Hawker Siddeley HS-748 Manila Crashed in Nichols Field in Manila after a fire developed in the number two engine shortly after takeoff. It was also due to crew error in their inability to deal with a standard emergency. Fatalities: 33
N/A April 18, 1977 Douglas DC-8 Tokyo, Japan A DC-8-53 named "Champaca" (RP-C803) was written off after a landing accident at Haneda Airport. None
Flight 206 June 27, 1987 Hawker Siddeley HS-748 Baguio City Crashed into terrain while attempting to land in a monsoon, although the crew knew about the adverse flying conditions. Fatalities: 50
N/A December 13, 1987 Shorts 360-300 Iligan City Crashed near Maria Cristina Airport. Fatalities: 15
N/A July 21, 1989 British Aerospace One-Eleven Manila Crashed in Ninoy Aquino International Airport when the aircraft overran the runway while landing, impacting several vehicles on an adjacent roadway. Ground Fatalities: 8
Flight 143 May 11, 1990 Boeing 737-300 Manila EI-BZG suffered an explosion in the center fuel tank near the terminal of Ninoy Aquino International Airport while preparing for takeoff. The fire and smoke engulfed the aircraft before it could be completely evacuated. The explosion was similar to what happened to the ill-fated TWA Flight 800 six years later. Fatalities: 8
Flight 434 December 11, 1994 Boeing 747-200 Pacific Ocean A small bomb exploded underneath the seat (seat 26K) of a Japanese businessman. The businessman died, but none of the aircraft's other 293 passengers and crew were killed. The aircraft landed safely. Investigators later found that Ramzi Yousef planted the bomb there to test it out for a terrorist attack he was planning, Project Bojinka. The plan was foiled after an apartment fire in Manila led investigators to the laptop computer and disks containing the plan. Fatalities: 1
Flight 137 March 22, 1998 Airbus A320 Bacolod City Crashed and overran the runway of Bacolod City Domestic Airport plowing through homes near it. Ground Fatalities: 3
Flight 475 October 26, 2007 Airbus A320 Butuan City The aircraft, with 148 passengers on board overshot the airport runway. Injuries: 19

is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... Mandurriao Airport (IATA airport code: ILO, ICAO airport code: RPVI) is the fourth busiest airport in the Philippines, serving the general area of Iloilo City. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... For other uses, see Baguio (disambiguation). ... Loakan Airport (IATA: BAG, ICAO: RPUB) is an airport serving the general area of Baguio City, located in the province of Benguet in the Philippines. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... The Douglas DC-6 is a piston-powered airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Ciampino Airport (Italian: Aeroporto di Roma-Ciampino) or Giovan Battista Pastine Airport (IATA: CIA, ICAO: LIRA) is a joint civilian, commercial and military airport near Rome in Italy. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... Motto: Love, Peace, and Progress Map of Davao Region showing the location of Davao City Coordinates: 7° 30 N, 126° E Country Region Province None Districts 1st to 3rd Districts of Davao City Barangays 184 Incorporated (town) 1848 Incorporated (city) October 16, 1936 Government  - Mayor Rodrigo Duterte (Hugpong/PDP-Laban... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... The Islamic City of Marawi is a 3rd class city in the province of Lanao del Sur, Philippines. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ... Nickname: Map of Cebu showing the location of Cebu City Coordinates: 10°17 N 123°54 E Country Region Province Cebu (capital) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City Barangays 80 Incorporated (town) 1565 Incorporated (city) February 24, 1937 Government  - Mayor Tomas D.R. Osmeña (BO-PK/Lakas... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ... Nickname: Map of Negros Occidental showing the location of Bacolod City. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The BAC 1-11, or One-Eleven, was a short-range jet airliner designed by Hunting Aircraft and produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) after Hunting was merged with several other British aviation firms in 1960. ... The City of Antipolo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Antipolo) is a 1st class component city in the province of Rizal, Philippines. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Avro 748 was a small short-range turboprop airliner designed by Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the now-aged DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Nichols Field (Luzon, the Philippines), during the World War II era, was the location of the Far East Air Forces U.S. 20th Air Base Group. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Avro 748 was a small short-range turboprop airliner designed by Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the now-aged DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. ... Bislig City is a 4th class city in the province of Surigao del Sur, Mindanao Philippines. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Avro 748 was a small short-range turboprop airliner designed by Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the now-aged DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Nichols Field (Luzon, the Philippines), during the World War II era, was the location of the Far East Air Forces U.S. 20th Air Base Group. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Tokyo International Airport (Japanese: 東京国際空港 Tōkyō Kokusai Kūkō) is an international airport in Ota, Tokyo, Japan. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The Avro 748 was a small short-range turboprop airliner designed by Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the now-aged DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. ... For other uses, see Baguio (disambiguation). ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The Shorts 360 is a commuter aircraft built by Short Brothers of Belfast, Northern Ireland, which is now a division of Bombardier of Canada. ... Nickname: Map of Lanao del Norte showing the location of Iligan City. ... Maria Cristina Airport (IATA: IGN, ICAO: RPMI), also known as Iligan Airport, is an airport serving the general area of Iligan City, located in the province of Lanao del Norte in the Philippines. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The BAC 1-11, or One-Eleven, was a short-range jet airliner designed by Hunting Aircraft and produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) after Hunting was merged with several other British aviation firms in 1960. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 800 was a scheduled international passenger flight from John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), New York, New York, to Charles de Gaulle International Airport (CDG), Paris, France and then to Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport (FCO) in Rome, Italy; the Boeing 747-131 used for... Philippine Airlines Flight 434 (PAL434, PR434) was the route designator of a flight from Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Metro Manila, Philippines, to New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport), Narita near Tokyo, Japan, with one stop at Mactan-Cebu International Airport, Cebu. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... Ramzi Ahmed Yousef or Ramzi Mohammed Yousef (also transliterated as Ramzi Yusuf, Ramzi Youssef) (Arabic: ‎), birth name possibly Abdul Basit Mahmoud Abdul Karim (Arabic: ‎) and also known by dozens of aliases,[1][2] is a Kuwaiti of mixed Pakistani and Palestinian descent who was one of the planners of the... Oplan Bojinka (also known as Operation Bojinka, Project Bojinka, Bojinka Plot, Bojinga, from Arabic: بجنكة – slang in many dialects for explosion and pronounced Bo-JIN-ka, except in Egyptian where it is Bo-GIN-ka) was a planned large-scale attack on airliners in 1995, and was a precursor to... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Philippine Airlines Flight 137, a domestic flight from Manila to Bacolod City using to an Airbus A320-200 on a 1:20 flight. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... Nickname: Map of Negros Occidental showing the location of Bacolod City. ... schedule of flight ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... Butuan City is the regional center of the Caraga Region in the Philippines. ...

Hijackings

  • On April 7, 1976, a BAC 1-11 was hijacked by Muslim rebels for seven days, demanding money and the release of imprisoned rebels. The aircraft ended up in Benghazi, Libya.
  • On May 23, 1976, another BAC 1-11 was hijacked by Muslim rebels. The hijackers supposedly detonated a hand grenade in the cabin, which burned the aircraft killing 10 passengers and 3 hijackers.
  • On May 25, 2000, Philippine Airlines Flight 812, en route from Davao to Manila, was hijacked by a man with marital problems. The hijacker was pulled out of the aircraft by a flight attendant and used a homemade parachute in escaping, with none of the other passengers and crew being injured or killed. The hijacker died when his parachute failed to deploy.

April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The BAC 1-11, or One-Eleven, was a short-range jet airliner designed by Hunting Aircraft and produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) after Hunting was merged with several other British aviation firms in 1960. ... Colourful buildings in the city centre. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The BAC 1-11, or One-Eleven, was a short-range jet airliner designed by Hunting Aircraft and produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) after Hunting was merged with several other British aviation firms in 1960. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Philippine Airlines Flight 812 was a scheduled passenger flight from Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City to Ninoy Aquino International Airport near Manila. ... Motto: Love, Peace, and Progress Map of Davao Region showing the location of Davao City Coordinates: 7° 30 N, 126° E Country Region Province None Districts 1st to 3rd Districts of Davao City Barangays 184 Incorporated (town) 1848 Incorporated (city) October 16, 1936 Government  - Mayor Rodrigo Duterte (Hugpong/PDP-Laban... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ...

Other incidents

December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport (IATA: GUM, ICAO: PGUM), also known as Guam International Airport, is an airport located in Tamuning and Barrigada, six miles northeast of the capital city of HagÃ¥tña (formerly Agana) in the U.S. territory of Guam. ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, pronounced nah-eeyah, (IATA: MNL, ICAO: RPLL) is one of the two international airports serving the Metro Manila Area and the main international gateway of the Philippines. ... Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan-Cebu, Cebuano: Tugpahanang International sa Mactan-Sugbo) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) is a major international airport in the Visayas region of the Philippines. ...

Gallery

External links

Official website

Regional PAL websites

Other websites

References

  1. ^ Philippine Airlines, PhilippineAirlines.com. Accessed November 2007.
  2. ^ Philippines' National Flag Carrier Standardizes on StarOffice Suite Sun India. Accessed September 2007.
  3. ^ Philippine Airlines Destinations, Philippine Airlines, accessed September 2007.
  4. ^ Philippine Airlines Star Ranking information, Airlinequality.com. Accessed September 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Milestones in the History of PAL, Philippine Airlines, accessed September 2007.
  6. ^ Philippine Airlines Info Kit 1982, Philippine Airlines. 1982.
  7. ^ a b c Flight International 12-18 April 2005
  8. ^ JAL's "Kinsei", Japan Airlines, Accessed April 23, 2008
  9. ^ PAL acquires 18 Airbus jets in major refleeting move, PhilippineAirlines.com. Accessed January 2007.
  10. ^ Philippine Airlines collapses, World Socialist Web Site, September 29, 1998
  11. ^ Cathay Pacific to Run Philippine Airlines
  12. ^ Cathay Pacific Close To Philippine Air Deal
  13. ^ PAL gains Europe access with KLM code-share deal, Philippine Airlines Press Release, April 4, 2003
  14. ^ Cebu turns up the heat, OrientAviation.com. Accessed March 2007.
  15. ^ a b Philippine Airlines to order Boeing 777s instead of 747s, Flight Global. Accessed November 2006.
  16. ^ a b Philippine Airlines orders 6 Boeing 777-300ERs for 1.5 bln usd, Forbes. Accessed December 2006.
  17. ^ a b PAL now IOSA-Certified, PhilippineAirlines.com. Accessed December 8, 2007.
  18. ^ PAL eyes $50-M investment at Clark, Philippine Airlines Press Release, June 25, 2007
  19. ^ a b PAL buys 2 planes from Air Philippines , Sunstar.com. Accessed July 2007.
  20. ^ PAL-Chongqing air pact, PhilippineAirlines.com Accessed December 2007.
  21. ^ PAL eyes foreign investors, sets international road show, Philippine Airlines. Accessed October 2007.
  22. ^ Best Turnaround Airline, PhilippineAirlines.com. Accessed December 2006.
  23. ^ Award for Excellence,PhilippineAirlines.com Accessed November 2007.
  24. ^ a b Philippine Airlines set to lower targets after FAA downgrade: report, Agence France-Presse, January 16, 2008
  25. ^ PAL buying 9 Bombardier aircraft ManilaBulletin.com Accessed April 2008.
  26. ^ PAL Express unveiled, Philippine Airlines Press Release, April 14, 2008
  27. ^ Philippines' Top 500 Largest Corporations 2005, BizNews Asia. Vol. 4, No.46. January 2007
  28. ^ PAL makes it to World Airline Rankings, Inquirer.net. Accessed September 2007.
  29. ^ PAL suspends Riyadh flights, Philippineairlines.com. Accessed January 2007.
  30. ^ PAL to focus on fleet renewal, emerging markets, Philippineairlines.com. Accessed January 2007.
  31. ^ PAL pulls out all the stops, OrientAviation.com. Accessed March 2007.
  32. ^ Ahead of IATA deadline: PAL is first RP carrier to achieve full e-ticketing, Philippineairlines.com. Accessed November 2007.
  33. ^ Manila Bulletin Online.mb.com.ph.Accessed April 2008.
  34. ^ Lufthansa Technik Philippines,Accessed April 22, 2008
  35. ^ Mabuhay Miles FAQ, Philippine Airlines, retrieved April 20, 2008
  36. ^ PAL counts 27 Million Milers, Philippineairlines.com. Accessed January 2007.
  37. ^ Philippine Airlines - Airport Lounges, PhilippineAirlines.com. Accessed April 2008.
  38. ^ Philippine Airlines Codeshare flights,Philippineairlines.com, accessed April 23, 2008
  39. ^ Vietnam Airlines AffiliatesVietnamAirlines.com, Accessed April 23, 2008]
  40. ^ a b c PAL Inflight Entertainment, PhilippineAirlines.com, Accessed October 2007.
  41. ^ PAL onboard Fiesta Class, Service, PhilippineAirlines.com, Accessed October 2007.
  42. ^ President Arroyo leads rites: PAL rolls out first of 20 new Airbus jets, PhilippineAirlines.com. Accessed January 2007.
  43. ^ Philippine Airlines Embarks on US$86 MLN Cabin Upgrade,Accessed April 22, 2008
  44. ^ ASN Aviation Safety Database', Aviation Safety Network. Accessed December 08, 2007.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Philippine Airlines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2195 words)
Philippine Airlines, also known as PAL, is the national airline of the Philippines.
The airline was started by a group of businessmen led by Andres Soriano, hailed as one of the Philippines' leading industrialists at the time.
Philippine Airlines operates a total fleet of thirty modern wide-bodied and narrow-bodied passenger aircraft as of August 2006.
Philippine Airlines Flight 434 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (613 words)
Philippine Airlines Flight 434 (PAL434, PR434) was the route designator of a flight that flew on a Ninoy Aquino International Airport near Manila, Philippines – Mactan-Cebu International Airport, Cebu – New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport), Narita, Japan near Tokyo route.
On December 11, 1994, Flight 434 was on its second leg from Cebu to Tokyo when a bomb exploded, killing one passenger.
Philippine Airlines still operates a Manila-Tokyo route as flight 432.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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