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Encyclopedia > Philippe Néricault Destouches

Philippe Néricault Destouches (April 9, 1680 - July 4, 1754), French dramatist, whose real name was Néricault, was born at Tours. April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... Events June 19 - The Albany Convention of New England Colonies proposes an American Union Duke of Saxony takes the Colditz Castle to his own use Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mahmud I (1730-1754) to Osman III (1754-1757) Beginning of the French and Indian War in... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... Location within France Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ...

When he was nineteen years of age he became secretary to M. de Puysieux, the French ambassador in Switzerland. In 1716 he was attached to the French embassy in London, where he remained for six years under the abbé Dubois. He contracted with a Lancashire lady, Dorothea Johnston, a marriage which was not avowed for some years. He drew a picture later of his own domestic circumstances in Le Philosophe marie (1726). The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... Events Natchez, one of the oldest towns on the Mississippi, founded. ... Lancashire (archaically, the County of Lancaster) is a county palatine of England, lying on the Irish Sea. ...

On his return to France (1723) he was elected to the Academy, and in 1727 he acquired considerable estates, the possession of which conferred the privileges of nobility. He spent his later years at his chateau of Fortoiseau near Melun, dying on the 4th of July 1754. His early comedies were: The Académie française, or French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. ...

  • Le Curieux Impertinent (1710)
  • L'Ingrat (1712)
  • L'Irrésolu (1713)
  • Le Médisant (1715)

The best of these is L'Irrésolu, in which Dorante, after hesitating throughout the play between Julie and Climène, marries Julie, but concludes the play with the reflection: "J'aurais mieux fait, je crois, d'épouser Climène."

After eleven years of diplomatic service Destouches returned to the stage with the Philosophe marie (1727), followed in 1732 by his masterpiece Le Glorieux, a picture of the struggle then beginning between the old nobility and the wealthy parvenus who found their opportunity in the poverty of France. Destouches wished to revive the comedy of character as understood by Molière, but he thought it desirable that the moral should be directly expressed. Molière, engraved frontispiece to his Works Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, better known as Molière ( January 15, 1622 – February 17, 1673), was a French theatre writer, director and actor, one of the masters of comic satire. ...

This moralizing tendency spoilt his later comedies. Among them may be mentioned:

  • Le Tambour nocturne (1736)
  • La Force du naturel (1750)
  • Le Dissipateur (1736).

His works were issued in collected form in 1755, 1757, 1811 and, in a limited edition (6 vols), 1822.

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

Preceded by:
Jean Galbert de Campistron
Seat 6
Académie française
Succeeded by:
Louis de Boissy



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