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Encyclopedia > Philip IV of Spain
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Philip IV of Spain
Philip IV of Spain
Spanish and Portuguese Royalty
House of Habsburg

Charles I
Children
   Felipe, Prince of Asturias (future Philip II)
   Infanta Maria, Holy Roman Empress
   Infanta Juana, Crown Princess of Portugal
   Infante Juan (natural son)
   Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Florence, Duchess of Parma (natural daughter)
Philip II (I of Portugal)
Children include
   Carlos, Prince of Asturias
   Infanta Isabella, Archduchess of Austria
   Infanta Catalina, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Savoy
   Felipe, Prince of Asturias (future Philip III)
Philip III (II of Portugal)
Children include
   Infanta Ana, Queen of France
   Felipe, Prince of Asturias (future Philip IV)
   Infanta Maria Ana, Holy Roman Empress
   Infante Carlos
   Cardinal-Infante Fernando
Philip IV (III of Portugal)
Children include
   Baltasar Carlos, Prince of Asturias
   Infanta Maria Theresa, Queen of France
   Infanta Margarita, Holy Roman Empress
   Infante Carlos (future Charles II)
Charles II

Philip IV (Felipe IV), (April 8, 1605September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. The eldest son of Philip III and his wife Margarita of Austria, Philip IV was born at Valladolid. He was known as the Planet King, after the Sun, the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Download high resolution version (716x900, 73 KB)Portrait of Philip IV 1652-53 Oil on canvas, 47 x 37,5 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna http://www. ... Download high resolution version (716x900, 73 KB)Portrait of Philip IV 1652-53 Oil on canvas, 47 x 37,5 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna http://www. ... During the reign of Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain), who ascended the thrones of the kingdoms of Spain after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand, Habsburg Spain controlled territory ranging from Philippines to the Netherlands, and was, for a time, Europes greatest power. ... Image File history File links Banner_of_Arms_of_Spanish_Habsburgs. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. ... Philip II of Spain Philip II, King of Portugal, King of Naples, King of Spain and Sicily, King Consort of England, Prince of Asturias (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king... Maria of Spain (Madrid, June 21, 1528 - Villa Monte, February 26, 1603) was the oldest daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. ... Joan, Infanta of Spain (Spanish: Juana), of the Habsburg family, was the daughter of Emperor Charles V who was the first king of united Spain (officially King of Aragon and king of Castile), and his consort Infanta Isabel of Portugal, daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal. ... Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan De Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was the illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a military leader whose most famous victory was at the Battle of Lepanto. ... Margaret of Parma (28 December 1522 - 18 January 1586), duchess of Parma and regent of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, was the illegitimate daughter of Charles V. Her mother, Johanna Maria von der Gheest, a servant of Charles de Lalaing, Seigneur de Montigny, was a Fleming. ... Philip II of Spain Philip II, King of Portugal, King of Naples, King of Spain and Sicily, King Consort of England, Prince of Asturias (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king... Don Carlos (1545-1568) Don Carlos (July 8, 1545 – July 24, 1568), Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip II of Spain by his first wife Maria Manuela, daughter of John III of Portugal. ... Isabella Clara Eugenia, possibly around 1584 Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (Segovia 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was Infanta of Spain, Archduchess of Austria and the joint sovereign of the Seventeen Provinces. ... Catherine Micaela of Spain was the daughter of King Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois, Princess of France. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Anne of Austria by Peter Paul Rubens, c. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain. ... Cardinale Infante Ferdinand of Austria as Hunter Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (1609/16101 in Escorial near Madrid, Spain - 9 November 1641 in Brussels) (also known as Fernando and as Ferdinand von Österreich), Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands, Cardinal, Infante, Archbishop of Toledo (1619-41), and commander during the Thirty Years War... The Prince Baltasar Carlos by Velazquez, 1635 Baltasar Carlos was the eldest son of King Philip IV of Spain and his first wife, Elisabeth of France. ... Some suspected Theresas death in 1683 was foul-play. ... Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress 1666 by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... Charles II of Spain. ... Charles II of Spain. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... This is a list of Spanish monarchs—that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (December 25, 1584-October 3, 1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II. She married Philip III... Plaza Mayor and city hall, Valladolid Valladolid is an industrial city and its municipality in central Spain, upon the Rio Pisuerga and within the Ribera del Duero region. ... The Sun is the star of our solar system. ...


His reign, after a few years of inconclusive successes, was characterized by political and military decay and adversity. He has been held responsible for the decline of Spain, which was mostly due, however, to organic causes largely beyond the control of any one ruler. Philip certainly possessed more energy, both mental and physical, than his diffident father. His handwritten translation of Francesco Guicciardini's texts on political history still exists, and he was a fine horseman and keen hunter. Guicciardini Francesco Guicciardini (March 6, 1483 - May 22, 1540) was an Italian historian and statesman. ...


His artistic taste is shown by his patronage of his court painter Diego Velázquez; his love of letters by his favoring Lope de Vega, Pedro Calderón de la Barca, and other immortal dramatists. He is credited, on fairly probable testimony, with a share in the composition of several comedies. He also commenced the building of the Buen Retiro palace in Madrid, parts of which still remain near the Prado. Velázquezs 1643 self-portrait Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (June 6, 1599 – August 6, 1660), commonly referred to as Diego Velázquez, was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary baroque... Lope de Vega (also Félix Lope de Vega Carpio or Lope Félix de Vega Carpio) (25 November 1562 – 27 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright and poet. ... Pedro Calderon de la Barca Pedro Calderón de la Barca (January 17, 1600 – May 25, 1681), was an important dramatist of the Spanish Golden Age. ... The Museo del Prado is a world class museum and art gallery located in Madrid, Spain. ...


His good intentions were no avail to governance, however. Feeling himself not yet qualified to rule when he ascended to the throne at age 16, he allowed himself to be guided by the most capable men he could find. His favourite, Olivares, was a far more honest and capable man than his predecesssor the Duke of Lerma, and better fitted for the office of chief minister than any Spaniard of the time, perhaps. Philip, however, lacked the confidence to free himself from Olivares' influence once he did come of age. With Olivares' encouragement, he rather busied himself with frivolous amusements. By 1643, when disasters falling on all sides led to the dismissal of the all-powerful minister, Philip had largely lost the power to devote himself to hard work. After a brief struggle with the task of directing the administration of the most extensive and worst-organized multi-national state in Europe, he sank back into indolence and let other favourites govern. Equestrian portrait of the Count-Duke of Olivares Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count of Olivares and Duke of San Lúcar (January 6, 1587 - July 22, 1645), was a Spanish royal favourite and minister. ... Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, Duke of Lerma, Spanish statesman Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, Duke of Lerma (Seville,1552/3 — Valladolid, 1625), the Spanish favorite of Philip III of Spain and minister, was the first of the validos or strongmen through whom the later Spanish... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ...


His political opinions were those he had inherited from his father and grandfather. He thought it his duty to support the House of Habsburg and the cause of the Roman Catholic Church against the Protestants, to assert his sovereignty over the Dutch, and to extend the dominions of his family. The utter exhaustion of his people in the course of perpetual war, against the Netherlands, France and Great Britain, was seen by him with sympathy but he considered it an unavoidable misfortune, since he could not have been expected to renounce his legitimate rights, or to desert what he viewed as the cause of God, the Church and the House of Hapsburg. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus, with its traditions first established by the Twelve Apostles and maintained through... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


He was idealised by his contemporaries as the model of Baroque kingship. Outwardly he maintained a bearing of rigid solemnity, and was seen to laugh only three times in the course of his entire public life. But, in private, his court was grossly corrupt. Victorian historians prudishly attributed the early death of his eldest son, Baltasar Carlos, to debauchery, encouraged by the gentlemen entrusted by the king with his education. This shocked the king, but its effect soon wore off. Philip IV died broken-hearted in 1665, expressing the pious hope that his surviving son, Carlos, would be more fortunate than himself. On his death, a catafalque was built in Rome to commemorate his life. Baltasar Carlos was the Prince of the Asturias, and the son of King Philip IV of Spain and Isabella of Bourbon. ... 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Charles II of Spain. ... On the death of Philip IV of Spain in 1665, clerics at the Roman basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore paid tribute by ordering the construction of an enormous temporary catafalque in the basilicas central nave. ...

Contents

Ancestors

Philip's ancestors in three generations BLT
Philip IV of Spain Father:
Philip III of Spain
Father's father:
Philip II of Spain
Father's father's father:
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's father's mother:
Isabella of Portugal
Father's mother:
Anna of Austria
Father's mother's father:
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's mother's mother:
Maria of Spain
Mother:
Margarita of Austria
Mother's father:
Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Mother's father's father:
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother's father's mother:
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Mother's mother:
Maria Anna of Bavaria
Mother's mother's father:
Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
Mother's mother's mother:
Anna of Austria

Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip II of Spain Philip II, King of Portugal, King of Naples, King of Spain and Sicily, King Consort of England, Prince of Asturias (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. ... Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Spain and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, by Titian. ... Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain Anna of Austria (Cigales, Valladolid, November 1, 1549 - Badajoz, October 26, 1580), was Queen of Spain and Portugal. ... Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II. His Coat of Arms Maximilian II of the Habsburg dynasty (July 31, 1527 – October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death. ... Maria of Spain (Madrid, June 21, 1528 - Villa Monte, February 26, 1603) was the oldest daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. ... Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (December 25, 1584-October 3, 1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II. She married Philip III... Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria (Vienna June 3, 1540 – July 10, 1590 in Graz) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... Ferdinand I Habsburg Ferdinand I (10 March 1503–25 July 1564), Holy Roman Emperor (1556–1564), was born in Madrid, the son of Juana the Mad, Queen of Castile (1479–1555), and Philip I the Handsome, King of Castile (1478–1506), who was heir to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I... Anna Jagellonica of Bohemia and Hungary (July 23, 1503 - January 27, 1547) was queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Queen-consort of the Romans and heiress of Bohemia and Hungary. ... Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608) was daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria. ... Albert V, Duke of Bavaria (29 February 1528 - 24 October 1579), (German: ), was Duke of Bavaria from 1550 until his death. ...

Family

Painting of Philipp IV displaying the prominent "Hapsburg lip".
Painting of Philipp IV displaying the prominent "Hapsburg lip".

Image File history File links Taken from German Wikipedia and is public domain. ... Image File history File links Taken from German Wikipedia and is public domain. ... Philip IV of Spain displaying the prominant Hapsburg lip and jaw. ...

Siblings

Anne of Austria by Peter Paul Rubens, c. ... Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... // Events The Westminster Confession of Faith Ongoing events Wars of the Three Kingdoms, including the English Civil War (1642-1649) Births February 4 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (d. ... Cardinale Infante Ferdinand of Austria as Hunter Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (1609/16101 in Escorial near Madrid, Spain - 9 November 1641 in Brussels) (also known as Fernando and as Ferdinand von Österreich), Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands, Cardinal, Infante, Archbishop of Toledo (1619-41), and commander during the Thirty Years War... The Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands ruled the Seventeen Provinces, after 1581 only the Southern Netherlands as a representative of the Duke of Burgundy (until 1555), the King of Spain (1555-1706) or the Archduke of Austria (1716-1794), all from the house of Habsburg. ...

Children

With Elizabeth of Bourbon (or Elisabeth of France, 16031644, daughter of Henry IV of France) — married 1615 at Burgos Elisabeth of France, portrait by Diego Velázquez Elisabeth of France (November 22, 1602 - October 6, 1644), was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second Queen consort Marie de Medici. ... King James I of England/VII of Scotland, the first monarch to rule the Kingdoms of England and Scotland at the same time Events March - Samuel de Champlain, French explorer, sails to Canada March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James I of... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... Henry IV (French: Henri IV; December 13, 1553 – May 14, 1610), was the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty in France. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ...

With Mariana of Austria (or Marie-Anne of Austria, 1634–1696) — in 1649 This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Some suspected Theresas death in 1683 was foul-play. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death just prior to his seventy-seventh birthday. ... Mariana of Austria, 1652, portrayed by Diego Velázquez Mariana or Maria-Anna of Austria (Vienna, 23 December 1634 - Madrid, 16 May 1696), daughter of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria Ana of Spain, was the second wife of her maternal uncle Philip IV of Spain. ... Marie-Anne of Austria married her uncle, Philip IV of Spain, or Philip the Fat, and gave him an heir: Charles II of Spain, or Charles the bewitched. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ...

Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress 1666 by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... Events January 22 - Impostor Mary Carleton is hanged in Newgate prison in England for multiple thefts and returning from penal transportation March 18 - John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to the Quakers. ... Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I Habsburg (June 9, 1640 – May 5, 1705), Holy Roman emperor, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. ... Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ... Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... Charles II of Spain. ... Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ...

In fiction

The novel The king Amaz'd by the Spanish novelist Gonzalo Torrente Ballester is an ironical portrait of the early years of Philip IV's reign. The movie El rey pasmado, based on the novel, was directed by Imanol Uribe and features Gabino Diego as Philip in his early reign. Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (June 13, 1910 - January 27, 1999) was a Spanish writer. ...


References

The best accounts of Philip IV will be found in the Estudios del reinado de Felipe IV, by Don Antonio Cánovas del Castillo (Madrid, 1889), and in the introduction by Don F rancisco Silvela to his edition of the Cartas de Sor María de Ágreda y del rey Felipe IV (Madrid, 1885–1886).

Spanish Habsburgs
Born: April 8, 1605; Died: September 17, 1665
Preceded by:
Philip II/III
King of Spain, Naples, and Sicily
Duke of Brabant, Guelders, Limburg, Lothier and Luxembourg
Count of Burgundy, Flanders, Hainaut and Namur

16211665
Succeeded by:
Charles II
King of Portugal
16211640
Succeeded by:
John IV
Count of Artois
16211640
to France
Vacant
Title last held by
Prince Philip
his father
Prince of Asturias
1605-1621
Vacant
Title next held by
Prince Baltasar Carlos

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. During the reign of Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain), who ascended the thrones of the kingdoms of Spain after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand, Habsburg Spain controlled territory ranging from Philippines to the Netherlands, and was, for a time, Europes greatest power. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... Coat of arms of Dukes of Brabant The Duchy of Brabant was formally erected in 1183/1184. ... Guelders (Dutch Gelre, German Geldern) is the name of a historical duchy in the Low Countries. ... The title Duke of Brabant was created when the counts of Leuven acquired the duchy of Lower Lorraine after the death of Godfrey of Bouillon. ... The Duchy of Lower Lorraine encompassed part of modern-day Belgium and the Netherlands. ... This is a list of the counts of Burgundy from 867 to 1678. ... The counts of Flanders ruled over the county of Flanders from the 9th century. ... The virtually independent county of Hainaut emerged from chaotic conditions at the end of the 9th century as a semi-independent state, at first a vassal of the crown of Lotharingia. ... The following is a list of Marquis or Margraves of Namur. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Charles II of Spain. ... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... The County of Artois was a Carolingian county, established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... HRH The Prince of Asturias The title Prince of Asturias is given to the heir apparent to the Spanish throne, and the earlier kingdom of León. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... The Prince Baltasar Carlos by Velazquez, 1635 Baltasar Carlos was the eldest son of King Philip IV of Spain and his first wife, Elisabeth of France. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Philip IV of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (752 words)
Philip IV (Spanish: Felipe IV,) king of Spain, (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) and, until 1640, king of Portugal.
Eldest son of Philip III and his wife Margaret of Austria, Philip IV was born at Valladolid.
Philip IV died broken-hearted in 1665, expressing the pious hope that his surviving son, Carlos, would be more fortunate than himself.
Philip - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (420 words)
Philip IV, Duke of Burgundy, "the Handsome" (1478–1506).
Philip II of Spain and I of Portugal (1526–1598).
Philip IV of Spain and III of Portugal (1605–1665).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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