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Encyclopedia > Philip Guston
Painting, Smoking Eating 1972 Oil on Canvas

Philip Guston (July 27, 1913June 7, 1980) was a notable painter and printmaker in the New York School, which included many of the Abstract Expressionists, such as Jackson Pollock and Willem De Kooning. In the sixties Guston helped to lead the transition from Modernism to Post-Modernism in painting[citation needed], abandoning the so-called "pure abstraction" of abstract expressionism in favor of more cartoonish renderings of various personal symbols and objects. Image File history File links Gustonphilip. ... Image File history File links Gustonphilip. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Printmaking is a process for producing a work of art in ink; the work (called a print) is created indirectly, through the transfer of ink from the surface upon which the work was originally drawn or otherwise composed. ... The New York School (synonymous with abstract expressionist painting) was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s in New York City. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Willem de Koonings Woman V (1952-53), National Gallery of Australia Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was an abstract expressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... Postmodernism (sometimes abbreviated pomo) is a term applied to a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, and culture, which are generally characterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, or superseding, modernism. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ...

Life and work

Born Phillip Goldstein in 1913 in Montreal, Canada, Guston moved with his family to Los Angeles as a child. Guston's Russian-Jewish parents escaped persecution when they moved from Odessa, Russia. Guston and his family were aware of the regular Klan activities against Jews, Blacks and others which took place across California during Guston's childhood. When Guston was 10 or 11, his father hanged himself in the shed, and the young Guston found the body. Guston began painting at the age of 14, and in 1927 he enrolled in the Los Angeles Manual Arts High School, where both he and Jackson Pollock studied under Frederick John de St. Vrain Schwankovsky and were introduced to Modern European art, oriental philosophy, theosophy and mystic literature. This early work was figurative and representational, and though his parents did support his artistic inclinations, he often made drawings in his closet, lit by a hanging bulb. Apart from his high school education and a one-year scholarship at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, Guston remained a largely self-taught artist. During high school, Guston and Jackson Pollock published a paper opposing the high school's emphasis on sports over art. Their criticism led to both being expelled, but Guston returned and graduated. At Otis on scholarship, Guston felt unfulfilled by the academic approach which limited him to drawing from plaster casts instead of the live model. Before dropping out of Otis, Guston spent a night in the studio making drawings of these figurative plasters scattered all over the studio floor. As an 18 year old, politically-aware painter, Guston made an indoor mural in L.A. depicting the Scottsboro Boys. This mural was defaced by local police officers, which impacted Guston's political and social outlook. Guston, as Philip Goldstein, along with Reuben Kadish, completed a significant mural in 1935 at City of Hope, a tuberculosis hospital located in Duarte, California, that remains to this day. This article needs cleanup. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Theosophy, literally god-wisdom (Greek: θεοσοφία theosophia), designates several bodies of ideas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Figurative art describes artworks - particularly paintings - which are clearly derived from real object sources, but are not necessarily representational. ... Otis College of Art and Design is an art and design college located in Los Angeles, California. ... The case of the Scottsboro Boys arose in Scottsboro, Alabama during the 1930s, when nine black youths, ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen, were accused of raping two white women, one of whom would later recant. ... The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... City of Hope refers to many things. ... Duarte is a city in Los Angeles County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 21,486. ...

In 1936, Guston moved to New York, and worked as an artist under the WPA program. During this period his work included strong references to Renaissance painters such as Paolo Uccello, Masaccio, Piero della Francesca, and Giotto. He was also influenced by American Regionalists and Mexican mural painters. During this period he accepted a teaching position at Washington University, St. Louis. He held this position from 1945 to 1947. “NY” redirects here. ... WPA Graphic The Works Progress Administration (later Work Projects Administration, abbreviated WPA), was created on May 6, 1935 by Presidential order (Congress funded it annually but did not set it up). ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Paolo Uccello (born Paolo di Dono, 1397 – December 10, 1475) was an Italian painter who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. ... The Holy Trinity / Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors (1425-27/28) - Fresco, Santa Maria Novella, Florence Masaccio (born Tommaso Cassai or in some accounts Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone; December 21, 1401 – autumn 1428), was the first great painter of the Italian Renaissance. ... The Baptism of Christ, 1450 (National Gallery, London). ... There are several things that have been named Giotto: Giotto di Bondone an Italian painter. ... American scene painting is a naturalist style of paintings and art of the 1920s though 1940s in the United States. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... Washington University in St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country United States State Missouri County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...

In the 1950s, Guston achieved success and renown as a first-generation Abstract Expressionist. During this period his paintings generally consisted of masses of color floating around the middle of the canvas. Guston increasingly favored a white-black-red color range in these works. These color choices remain fairly constant in most of his later paintings as well. This does not cite any references or sources. ... American post-World War II art movement. ...

In the late 1960s, Guston became frustrated with abstraction and began painting representationally again, but in a rather cartoonish manner. When criticized widely about the impurity of these later paintings, he responded, "There is something ridiculous and miserly in the myth we inherit from abstract art. That painting is autonomous, pure and for itself, therefore we habitually analyze its ingredients and define its limits. But painting is 'impure'. It is the adjustment of 'impurities' which forces its continuity. We are image-makers and image-ridden. There are no wiggly or straight lines..." In this body of work he created a lexicon of images such as Klansmen, lightbulbs, shoes, cigarettes, and clocks. Guston is best known for these late existential and lugubrious paintings, which at the time of his death had reached a wide audience, and found great popular acceptance. Guston died in 1980 in Woodstock, New York. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses colour and form in a non-representational way. ... A cartoon is any of several forms of illustrations with varied meanings that evolved from its original meaning. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Existentialism is a philosophical movement emphasizing individualism, individual freedom, and subjectivity. ... Woodstock, New York The name Woodstock is associated with two locales in New York. ...

Citations mainly from A Critical History of Philip Guston, by Dore Ashton, 1976

Further reading

  • Auping, Michael. Philip Guston: Retrospective (Thames & Hudson, 2006) ISBN 0-500-28422-9
  • Bucklow, Christopher. What is in the Dwat. The Universe of Guston's Final Decade (The Wordsworth Trust, 2007) ISBN 978 1 905256 21 1
  • Coolidge, Clark. Baffling Means: Writings/Drawings (Stockbridge, MA: O-blek Editions, 1991).
  • Corbett, William. Philip Guston’s Late Work: A Memoir (Cambridge, MA: Zoland Books, 1994)
  • Feld, Ross. Guston In Time: Remembering Philip Guston (Counterpoint Press, 2003) ISBN 1-58243-284-8
  • Mayer, Musa. Night Studio: A Memoir of Philip Guston by his (originally published: New York: Knopf, 1988; new edition: Da Capo Press, 1997) ISBN 0-306-80767-X
  • Marika Herskovic, American Abstract Expressionism of the 1950s An Illustrated Survey, (New York School Press, 2003.) ISBN 0-9677994-1-4
  • Marika Herskovic, New York School Abstract Expressionists Artists Choice by Artists, (New York School Press, 2000.) ISBN 0-9677994-0-6

  Results from FactBites:
Philip Guston - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (421 words)
Philip Guston (Montreal, Canada, July 27, 1913 - Woodstock, N.Y. June 7, 1980) was a notable member of the New York School, which also numbered many of the Abstract Expressionists, such as Jackson Pollock and Willem De Kooning, as well a painter that lead the transition from Modernism to Post-Modernism in painting.
In 1936, Guston moved to New York, and worked as an artist under the WPA scheme.
Guston is best known for these late existential and lugubrious paintings, which at the time of his death in 1980 reached a wide audience, and brought him to the attention of many painters, and many imitators.
  More results at FactBites »



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