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Encyclopedia > Philip E. Vernon

Philip E. Vernon (6 June 190528 July 1987) was a psychology professor who studied race and intelligence. June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul or mind, logos/-ology = study of) is an academic and applied field involving the study of mind and behavior. ... Bell curve showing results of studies comparing races and ethnic groups with IQ among U.S. test subjects show differences in average test scores, though the distributions overlap, as seen in this graph based on Reynolds et al. ...

Born in Oxford, England, he attended St. John's College, and received his M.A. and Ph.D. from Cambridge University in 1927. Vernon studied contributions of environmental and genetic factors to intellectual development. He concluded that individual differences in intelligence are approximately 60 percent attributable to genetic factors, and that there is some evidence implicating genes in racial group differences in average levels of mental ability. Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 ( 2001 census). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

He received a grant from Pioneer Fund, which he used to document the substantial social class differences in IQ scores found in both the U.S. and the U.K. According to the Pioneer Fund website, "the analysis of the World War I American military conscripts showed that the average IQ of children born in the professional class was 123, whereas those born to unskilled workers averaged 96. Vernon concluded that these social class differences have some genetic basis. He based this assessment on his review of the evidence that the intelligence of adopted children related more to the social class of their biological parents than to that of their adopting parents. Vernon suggested that social mobility allows those with higher intelligence to rise in the social hierarchy, while those with lower intelligence tend to fall." The Pioneer Fund is a foundation that aims to advance the scientific study of heredity and human differences. ... IQ redirects here; for other uses of that term, see IQ (disambiguation). ...

In 1968, at the age of 63, he abandoned a secure academic career in England to start a second career at the University of Calgary. 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The University of Calgary is a university of approximately 23,500 full time and 4,500 part time students, totalling almost 28,000 students, located in the north-western part of Calgary, Alberta, Canada (pop. ...

The Philip E. Vernon Award at University of Calgary is named in his honor.


  • Study of Values: A scale for measuring the dominant intersests in personality. (1931)
  • The Measurement of Abilities (1940)
  • The Structure of Human Abilities (1950)
  • Intelligence and Attainment Tests (1960)
  • Intelligence and Cultural Environment (1969)
  • The Psychology and Education of Gifted Children (1977)
  • Intelligence: Heredity and Environment (1979)

External links

  • Human Intelligence: Philip E. Vernon
  • Highlights of Pioneer Fund Research and Grantees



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