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Encyclopedia > Philip Abelson

Philip Hauge Abelson (April 27, 1913 - August 1, 2004) was a physicist, editor of scientific literature, and science writer. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A physicist is a scientist trained in physics. ...


Philip Abelson was born in 1913 in Tacoma, Washington. As a young physicist, he collaborated with Nobel Prize winner Luis Alvarez in early nuclear research, and was the co-discoverer of the element Neptunium. He was a key contributor to the Manhattan Project during World War II. Although not formally associated with the atom bomb project, his invention of the Liquid Thermal Diffusion isotope separation technique proved a critical step in creating sufficient fuel for the weapon. 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Tacoma, with Mount Rainier in background This page is about the city in Washington. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... Luis Walter Alvarez (June 13, 1911 – September 1, 1988) of San Francisco, California, USA, was a famed physicist who worked at the University of California, Berkeley. ... General Name, Symbol, Number Neptunium, Np, 93 Chemical series Actinides Period, Block 7, f Density, Hardness 20250 kg/m3, n/a Appearance Silvery metallic Atomic properties Atomic weight [237] u Atomic radius (calc. ... Control panels and operators for calutrons at the Y-12 Plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... Isotopes are forms of a chemical element whose nuclei have the same atomic number, Z, but different atomic masses, A. The word isotope, meaning at the same place, comes from the fact that all isotopes of an element are located at the same place on the periodic table. ...


After the war, he turned his attention to applying nuclear power to naval propulsion. He wrote the first report detailing how a nuclear reactor could be installed in a submarine, providing both propulsion and electrical power. His report anticipated the nuclear submarine's role as a missile platform. His design was adopted as the basis for the USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear submarine. Dr. Abelson is known as the "Father of the Nuclear Submarine". This article is about power derived from nuclear reactions. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... USS Nautilus (SSN-571), the first nuclear-powered submarine and a unique prototype, was the sixth ship of the United States Navy to be so named. ... The following alphabetical lists includes men and women commonly known as the father or mother of something. ...


From 1951 until 1971 he served as the director of the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Geophysical Laboratory. From 1962 to 1984 he was editor of Science magazine, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and served as its acting Executive Officer in 1974, 1975 and 1984. 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Science is the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. ... AAAS is an acronym. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After 1984, he remained associated with the magazine. Some have claimed him to be an early skeptic of the case for global warming on the basis of a lead editorial in the magazine dated March 31, 1990. He wrote "[I]f the global warming situation is analyzed applying the customary standards of scientific inquiry one must conclude that there has been more hype than solid fact.". However, one editorial does not a skeptic make: in 1977 in the foreword for a US National Research Council, Energy and Environment report he wrote: What should the atmospheric carbon dioxide content be over the next century or two to achieve an optimum global climate?[1], implying a level of connection between CO2 and climate that would put him outside todays skeptic camp. The global warming controversy is a long-running dispute about human effects - past, present and future - on climate. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1856-2004 Mean temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is a term used to describe the increase over time of the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1856-2004 Mean temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is a term used to describe the increase over time of the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ...


Dr. Abelson received many distinguished awards, including The President's National Medal of Science, the National Science Foundation's Distinguished Achievement Award, the American Medical Association's Science Achievement Award, and the Distinguished Civilian Service Medal. National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social... The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency responsible for supporting basic science research mainly by providing research funding. ... The American Medical Association (AMA) is the largest association of medical doctors in the United States. ...


Dr. Abelson's wife Neva Abelson (1910-2000) was a distinguished research physician who played a key role in developing the life-saving Rh blood factor test. Their daughter, Dr. Ellen Abelson Cherniavsky, now retired, worked as an aviation researcher at The MITRE Corporation in Virginia. 1910 in topic: Arts Architecture- Art- Film- Literature- Music- Television Science and technology Aviation- Rail transport- Science Other topics Australia- Canada- Ireland- South Africa- Sport Births- Deaths Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious leaders 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The mitre or miter (from the Greek mitra, headband) is a high and pointed type of headgear, originating in ancient Persia, now known as the traditional, ceremonial head-dress of bishops and certain abbots in the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and also certain other clergy in the Eastern... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ...


Philip Abelson passed away on August 1, 2004 from respiratory complications following a brief illness. August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External link

  • History of the UNFCCC, demonstrating that in 1977 Abelson believed in a CO2-cliamte link

  Results from FactBites:
 
Philip Abelson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (486 words)
Philip Abelson was born in 1913 in Tacoma, Washington.
Abelson is known as the "Father of the Nuclear Submarine".
Abelson's wife Neva Abelson (1910-2000) was a distinguished research physician who played a key role in developing the life-saving Rh blood factor test.
Philip Abelson; editor, scientist; 91 | The San Diego Union-Tribune (403 words)
Philip H. Abelson, a versatile scientist, editor and administrator who helped discover the element neptunium and later chronicled laboratory advances as editor of the journal Science, died Aug. 1 in Bethesda, Md. He was 91.
Abelson's interests spanned chemistry, geology, biology and medicine, but it was as a physicist that he aided in the discovery of neptunium, the 93rd element in the periodic table, in 1940.
Philip Hauge Abelson was born on April 27, 1913, in Tacoma, Wash. He earned an undergraduate degree in chemistry and a master's degree in physics from Washington State College.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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