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Encyclopedia > Philander C. Knox
Philander C. Knox
Philander C. Knox

Philander Chase Knox (May 6, 1853October 12, 1921) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Attorney General and U.S. Senator and was Secretary of State from 1909-1913. PCKnox From the U.S. Senate Historical Office. ... PCKnox From the U.S. Senate Historical Office. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics to the extent of holding or running for public office. ... Alberto Gonzales, current Attorney General of the United States The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Knox was born in Brownsville, Pennsylvania and graduated from Mount Union College in 1872. He was admitted to the bar in 1875 and practiced in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. From 1876-1877 he was Assistant United States Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania and became President of the Pennsylvania Bar Association in 1897. Brownsville is a borough located in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, along the Monongahela River. ... Pittsburgh skyline as viewed from Mount Washington Pittsburgh is a city in Western Pennsylvania, United States, and the county seat of Allegheny County. ...


As counsel for the Carnegie Steel Company, he took a prominent part in organizing the United States Steel Corporation in 1901. He served as Attorney General in the cabinets of Presidents McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt from 1901 to 1904. In June 1904, when he was appointed by Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker of Pennsylvania to fill the unexpired term of Matthew S. Quay in the United States Senate; in 1905 he was re-elected to the Senate for the full term (to 1909). After an unsuccessful bid for the Republican Presidential nomination in 1908, he served as Secretary of State in President Taft's cabinet from March 6, 1909 until March 5, 1913. A Carnegie steel mill near the turn of the century Andrew Carnegie constructed a profitable steel mill at Braddock, Pennsylvania in the mid-1870s. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... The name Mckinley redirects here. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... This is a list of Governors of Pennsylvania. ... Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker (9 April 1843 - 1 September 1916) was governor of Pennsylvania from 1903 to 1907. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 255 km 455 km 2. ... Matthew Stanley Quay (September 30, 1833 - May 28, 1904) was an immensely powerful Pennsylvania political boss; kingmaker (Benjamin Harrison, 1888). ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was an American politician, the 27th President of the United States, the 10th Chief Justice of the United States, and a leader of the conservative wing of the Republican party. ...


As Secretary of State, Knox reorganized the Department on a divisional basis, extended the merit system to the Diplomatic Service up to the grade of chief of mission, pursued a policy of encouraging and protecting American investments abroad, and accomplished the settlement of the Bering Sea controversy and the North Atlantic fisheries controversy. The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water above, and separted from, the north Pacific Ocean Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ...


Following his term of office, he resumed the practice of law in Pittsburgh. He was again elected to the Senate from Pennsylvania and served from 1917 to 1921. Knox died in Washington, D.C. in 1921.

Preceded by:
John W. Griggs
United States Attorney General
1901–1904
Succeeded by:
William H. Moody
Preceded by:
Matthew S. Quay
U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
1904–1909
Succeeded by:
George T. Oliver
Preceded by:
Robert Bacon
United States Secretary of State
1909–1913
Succeeded by:
William Jennings Bryan
Preceded by:
George T. Oliver
U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
1917–1921
Succeeded by:
William E. Crow
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