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Encyclopedia > Philadelphia
Philadelphia
—  City  —
City of Philadelphia
Philadelphia skyline, August 2007
Philadelphia skyline, August 2007
Flag of Philadelphia
Flag
Official seal of Philadelphia
Seal
Nickname: "City of Brotherly Love", "The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America", "Philly".
Motto: "Philadelphia maneto" - "Let brotherly love endure"
Location in Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°57′12″N 75°10′12″W / 39.95333, -75.17
Country Flag of the United States United States
Commonwealth Pennsylvania
County Philadelphia
Founded October 27, 1682
Incorporated October 25, 1701
Government
 - Mayor Michael Nutter (D)
Area
 - City 135 sq mi (349.6 km²)
 - Water 7.6 sq mi (19.6 km²)
 - Urban 1,799.5 sq mi (4,660.7 km²)
 - Metro 4,629 sq mi (11,989 km²)
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 1,448,394 (6th)
 - Density 10,882.8/sq mi (4,201.8/km²)
 - Urban 5,325,000
 - Metro 5,823,233
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 215, 267
Website: http://www.phila.gov
Philadelphia Portal

Philadelphia (pronounced /ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə/) is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the sixth most populous city in the United States. It is the 5th largest metropolitan area by population in the United States, and the fourth largest consumer media market as ranked by the Neilsen Media Research Co. It is the county seat of Philadelphia County, with which it is coterminous. Its name literally means "the City of Brotherly Love" (from Greek: Φιλαδέλφεια, [pʰi.la.ˈdel.pʰeː.a], Modern Greek: [fi.la'ðɛl.fi.a], "brotherly love" from philos "love" and adelphos "brother"), though many people may think this is just a nickname. Tourists and media often informally call the city "Philly." The city is recognized as a strong candidate global city. Philadelphia usually refers to the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. ... Philly may relate to: Informal name for the city of Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania, USA An American television series - Philly (TV show) Any number of entries under Philadelphia (disambiguation) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (974 × 648 pixel, file size: 606 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Own Work Ed Yakovich http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Philadelphia,_Pennsylvania. ... Seal of Philadelphia This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Map_of_Pennsylvania_highlighting_Philadelphia_County. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_PA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pennsylvania ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... List of Pennsylvania counties: Pennsylvania counties Adams County, formed in 1800 from parts of York County. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Philadelphia,_Pennsylvania. ... Philadelphia County is a county located in the U.S. State of Pennsylvania. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1682 (MDCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... List of mayors of Philadelphia, arranged chronologically. ... Michael Anthony Nutter (born June 29, 1957) is the Mayor-elect of Philadelphia. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Official website: http://www. ... Area codes 215 and 267 are Commonwealth of Pennsylvania telephone area codes which serve the Southeast corner of the state including the city of Philadelphia. ... Liberty Bell; public domain. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Philadelphia County is a county located in the U.S. State of Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... “World city” redirects here. ...


In 2005, the population of the city proper was estimated to be over 1.4 million,[1] while the Delaware Valley metropolitan area, with a population of 5.8 million, was the fifth-largest in the United States. A commercial, educational, and cultural center, the city was once the second-largest in the British Empire,[2] (after London) and the social and geographical center of the original 13 American colonies. During the 18th century, it eclipsed New York City in political and social importance, with Benjamin Franklin taking a large role in Philadelphia's early rise to prominence. It was in this city that some of the ideas, and subsequent actions, gave birth to the American Revolution and American independence, making Philadelphia a centerpiece of early American history. It was the most populous city of the young United States and served as the the nation's first capital in the 1790s. The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Betsy Ross purportedly sewed the first American flag with 13 stars and 13 stripes representing each of the 13 colonies. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Philadelphia

Prior to the arrival of Europeans the Philadelphia area was the location of the Lenape (Delaware) Indians village Shackamaxon. Europeans arrived in the Delaware Valley in the early 1600s, with the first settlements being founded by the Dutch, British and Swedish. A historical seal of the city of Philadelphia. ... For the language, see Lenape language. ... Shackamaxon was a village inhabited by Delaware (Lenape) Indians, located in what are now the borders of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ...


The Swedes sought to expand their influence by creating an agricultural (tobacco) and fur-trading colony to bypass French and British merchants. The New Sweden Company was chartered and included Swedish, Dutch and German stockholders. The first Swedish expedition to North America embarked from the port of Gothenburg in late 1637. It was organized and overseen by Clas Fleming, a Swedish Admiral from Finland. Part of this colony, called New Sweden or Nya Sverige eventually included land on the west side of the Delaware River from just below the Schuylkill River; in other words, today's Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, southeast Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland. New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Klas, Clas, Claes or Klaus Fleming may refer to: Klaus Fleming (Clas Eriksson Fleming), (1535–1597) Finnish-Swedish admiral Claes Larsson Fleming (Klas) (1592–1644), Over-Governor of Stockholm (1634–1644) Claes Fleming (1649–1685), Governor of Örebro (1680–1681) Claus Fleming (14th century), mentioned as bailiff of Barth in... New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N...


In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their victory in a war against the English Province of Maryland. A series of events led the Dutch — led by governor Peter Stuyvesant — to move an army to the Delaware River in the late summer of 1655. Though New Netherland now nominally controlled the colony, the Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to enjoy a degree of local autonomy, having their own militia, religion, court, and lands. This status lasted officially until the English conquest of the New Netherland colony, in October 1663-1664, and continued unofficially until the area was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania, in 1682. New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... Pieter Stuyvesant is also the name of a Dutch cigarette brand from Imperial Tobacco. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... States which were part of New Netherlands Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


In 1681, as part of a repayment of a debt, Charles II of England granted William Penn a charter for what would become the Pennsylvania colony. Part of Penn's plan for the colony was to create a city on the Delaware River to serve as a port and place for government. Despite already having been given the land by Charles II, Penn bought the land from the local Lenape to be on good terms with the Native Americans and ensure peace for his colony.[3] According to legend Penn made a treaty of friendship with Lenape chief Tammany under an elm tree at Shackamaxon, in what is now the city's Kensington section.[4] Having been a Quaker, Penn had experienced religious persecution and wanted his colony to be a place where anyone could worship freely despite their religion. Penn named the city Philadelphia, which is Greek for brotherly love (philos, "love" or "friendship", and adelphos, "brother").[5] Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... A map of the Province of Pennsylvania. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... Tamanend or Saint Tammany (c. ... Shackamaxon was a village inhabited by Delaware (Lenape) Indians, located in what are now the borders of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Playground in the neighborhood of Kensington, Philadelphia. ... Quaker redirects here. ...

"Penn's Treaty with the Indians" by Benjamin West.
"Penn's Treaty with the Indians" by Benjamin West.

Penn's plan was that Philadelphia would be like an English rural town instead of a city. The city's roads were designed with a grid plan with the idea that houses and businesses would be spread far apart and surrounded by gardens and orchards. The city's inhabitants didn't follow Penn's plans and crowded by the Delaware River and subdivided and resold their lots.[6] Before Penn left Philadelphia for the last time, he issued the Charter of 1701 establishing Philadelphia as a city. The city soon grew and established itself as an important trading center. Conditions in the city were poor at first, but by the 1750s living conditions had improved. A significant contributor to Philadelphia at the time was Benjamin Franklin. Franklin helped improve city services and founded new ones, such as the American Colonies' first hospital.[7] Due to Philadelphia's central location in the colonies, during the American Revolution the city was used as the location for the First Continental Congress before the war, the Second Continental Congress, which signed the United States Declaration of Independence, during the war, and the Constitutional Convention after the war. A number of battles during the war were fought in Philadelphia and its environs as well. Unsuccessful lobbying after the war to make Philadelphia the United States capital helped make the city the temporary U.S. capital in the 1790s.[8] Image File history File links Description: Title= en: Penns Treaty with the Indians Technique= en: Oil on Canvas Dimensions= en: 75 1/2 x 107 3/4 (192 x 273 cm) Location= en: Philadelphia Country= en: USA Gallery= en: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts Source=http://www. ... Image File history File links Description: Title= en: Penns Treaty with the Indians Technique= en: Oil on Canvas Dimensions= en: 75 1/2 x 107 3/4 (192 x 273 cm) Location= en: Philadelphia Country= en: USA Gallery= en: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts Source=http://www. ... Self Portrait of Benjamin West, ca. ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... The Pennsylvania Hospital by William Strickland (1755) Pennsylvania Hospital is the first hospital in the United States. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... The First Continental Congress was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of twelve North American colonies of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1774. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence depicts the five-man drafting committee presenting the first draft of the Declaration of Independence to the Second Continental Congress. ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ... Combatants United States Great Britain Commanders George Washington William Howe Henry Clinton The Philadelphia campaign (1777–1778) was a British initiative in the American Revolutionary War. ...

Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin

The state government left Philadelphia in 1799 and the federal government left soon after in 1800. However Philadelphia was still the largest city in the United States and a financial and cultural center. New York City soon surpassed Philadelphia in population, but construction of roads, canals, and railroads helped turn Philadelphia into the United States' first major industrial city. Throughout the 19th century Philadelphia had a large variety of industries and businesses, the largest being textiles. Major corporations in the 19th and early 20th centuries included the Baldwin Locomotive Works, William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Company, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.[9] Industry, along with the U.S. Centennial, was celebrated in 1876 with the Centennial Exposition, the first official World's Fair in the United States. Immigrants, mostly German and Irish, settled in Philadelphia and the surrounding districts. The rise in population of the surrounding districts helped lead to the Act of Consolidation of 1854 which extended the city of Philadelphia to include all of Philadelphia County.[10] In the later half of the century immigrants from Russia, Eastern Europe and Italy and African Americans from the southern U.S. settled in the city.[11] ImageMetadata File history File links Benjamin_Franklin_by_Jean-Baptiste_Greuze. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Benjamin_Franklin_by_Jean-Baptiste_Greuze. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Baldwin Locomotive Works builders plate, 1922 The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. ... William Cramp & Sons Ship & Engine Building Company, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was founded in 1825 by William Cramp and was the pre-eminent iron shipbuilder in the United States in the 19th century. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... The United States Centennial was on July 4, 1876. ... Opening day ceremonies at the Centennial Exhibition The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official worlds fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia. ... For a listing of World Fairs, see List of worlds fairs. ... Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. ... Map of Philadelphia County prior to the Act of Consolidation. ... Philadelphia County is a county located in the U.S. State of Pennsylvania. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Historic Southern United States. ...

8th and Market Street, showing the Strawbridge and Clothier department store, 1910s.
8th and Market Street, showing the Strawbridge and Clothier department store, 1910s.

By the 20th century Philadelphia had become known as "corrupt and contented." Philadelphians were content with the city's lack of change or excitement, and single-party politics, centered around the city's entrenched Republican political machine, allowed corruption to flourish. The machine and corruption permeated in all parts of city government and reformers had little success.[12] The first major success in reform came in 1917 when outrage over the murder of a police officer during that year's election led to the shrinking of the Philadelphia City Council from two houses to just one.[13] In the 1920s the public flouting of Prohibition laws, mob violence, and police involvement in illegal activities led to the appointment of Brigadier General Smedley Butler of the U.S. Marine Corps as director of public safety, but political pressure prevented any long term success in fighting crime and corruption.[14] Philadelphia, 8th & Market Streets, 1910s, from postcard This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Philadelphia, 8th & Market Streets, 1910s, from postcard This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Strawbridge and Clothier is a department store found in the northeastern United States with stores in Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. ... GOP redirects here. ... In this 1899 cartoon from Puck, all of New York City politics revolves around boss Richard Croker A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind-the-scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. ... City Hall from postcard, c. ... Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the prohibition era. ... This article is about the criminal society. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30, 1881–June 21, 1940), nicknamed The Fighting Quaker and Old Gimlet Eye, was a Major General in the U.S. Marine Corps and, at the time of his death, the most decorated Marine in U.S. history. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ...


After struggling through the Great Depression, World War II created jobs and brought the city out of the Depression. However, after the war there was a severe housing shortage with about half the city's housing being built in the 19th century, many of which lacked proper facilities. Adding to housing problem was white flight, as African Americans and Puerto Ricans moved into new neighborhoods resulting in racial tension.[15] After a population peak of over two million residents in 1950 the city's population declined while the suburban neighboring counties grew. After a five year investigation into corruption into city government, the outcry with what the investigation found led the drafting of a new city charter in 1950. The city charter strengthened the position of the mayor and weakened the city council among other changes to help prevent the corruption of the past. The first Democratic mayor since the first half of the 19th century was elected in 1951. However, after two early reform mayors, a Democratic political organization had established itself replacing the old Republican one.[16] For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... White flight is a term for the demographic trend where working- and middle-class white people move away from increasingly racial-minority inner-city neighborhoods to white suburbs and exurbs. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...


Protests, riots and racial tensions were common in the 1960s and 70s. Mostly drug related gang violence plagued the city and crack houses invaded the city's slums. Confrontations between police and the radical group MOVE culminated when the police dropped a satchel bomb on their headquarters starting a fire that killed eleven MOVE members and destroyed sixty-two neighboring houses. Revitalization and gentrification of neighborhoods began in the 1960s and continues into the 21st century, with much of the development in the Center City and University City areas of the city. After many of the old manufacturers and businesses had left Philadelphia or shut down, the city started attracting service businesses and began to more aggressively market itself as a tourist destination. Glass and granite skyscrapers were built in Center City and historic areas such as Independence National Historical Park were improved. This has slowed the city's forty-year population decline after losing nearly a quarter of its population.[17][18] Crack house is an off campus residence in Northfield, Minnesota housing students of Carleton College and migrant roofers. ... This article is about the organization MOVE. For other uses, see Move. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Center City District, highlighted on a map of Philadelphia County. ... Homes in Cedar Park University City is a district in the West Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, whose name reflects the proximity of several institutions of higher learning, including the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, Lincoln University Urban Center, and The Restaurant School... Independence National Historic Park, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the historic area of downtown (or Center City) Philadelphia where Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell, and the National Constitution Center are located, along with dozens of other historic buildings and educational centers. ...


Geography

Topography

A simulated-color satellite image of Philadelphia taken on NASA's Landsat 7 satellite. The Delaware River is visible in this shot.
A simulated-color satellite image of Philadelphia taken on NASA's Landsat 7 satellite. The Delaware River is visible in this shot.

Philadelphia is located at 40° 00' north latitude and 75° 09' west longitude. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 142.6 square miles (369.4 km²), of which 135.1 square miles (349.9 km²) is land and 7.6 square miles (19.6 km², 5.29%) is water. Bodies of water include the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, and Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack Creeks. Download high resolution version (1000x1000, 318 KB)Large LANDSAT of Philadelphia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1000x1000, 318 KB)Large LANDSAT of Philadelphia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... Landsat 7 is the latest satellite of the Landsat program. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Cobbs Creek is a creek that flows from Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ... Wissahickon Creek is a stream in southeastern Pennsylvania. ... Independence Hall, as it appears today. ...


The lowest point is sea level, while the highest point is in Chestnut Hill, at approximately 445 feet (136 m) above sea level (near the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Bethlehem Pike).[19] Chestnut Hill is a neighborhood in the northwestern corner of Philadelphia. ...


Philadelphia is located on the Fall Line separating the Atlantic Coastal Plain from the Piedmont.[1] The rapids on the Schuylkill River at East Falls disappeared after the completion of the Fairmount Dam.[2] The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... The Atlantic Coastal Plain is the rather flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico). ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... East Falls is a neighborhood in the Northwest section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


The city is the seat of its own county. The adjacent counties are Montgomery to the north; Bucks to the northeast; Burlington County, New Jersey to the east; Camden County, New Jersey to the southeast; Gloucester County, New Jersey to the south; and Delaware County to the west. Philadelphia County is a county located in the U.S. State of Pennsylvania. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Location in the state of New Jersey Formed 1694 Seat Mount Holly Area  - Total  - Water 2,122 km² (819 mi²) 38 km² (15 mi²) 1. ... Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Gloucester County is a county located in the state of New Jersey. ... Delaware County (also known colloquially as Delco) is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Drexel Hill is a census-designated place located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links North. ... Maple Shade highlighted in Burlington County. ... Image File history File links West. ... Image File history File links East. ... Image File history File links South. ... Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, population 36,854 at the 2000 census. ... Motto: Its Where You Want To Be Location of Collingswood within Camden County, New Jersey. ... Cherry Hill highlighted in Camden County Cherry Hill Township is a township located in Camden County, New Jersey. ...

Climate

Philadelphia falls in the humid subtropical climate zone, it is the northernmost U.S. city that is included in this classification. Because Philadelphia lies in the northern end of this zone, some of its outlying suburbs, especially to the north and west have a humid continental climate. Summers are typically hot and muggy, fall and spring are generally mild, and winter is cold. Snowfall is variable, with some winters bringing moderate snow and others bringing some significant snowstorms. Annual snowfall averages 21 inches (534 mm). Precipitation is generally spread throughout the year, with eight to eleven wet days per month,[20] at an average annual rate of 42 inches (1068 mm). The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ...


January lows average 23 °F (−5 °C) and highs average 38 °F (3 °C). The lowest officially recorded temperature was −11 °F (−24 °C) on February 9, 1934,[21] but temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) occur only a few times a decade. July lows average 67 °F (20 °C) and highs average 86 °F (30 °C)[22], although heat waves are frequent with highs above 95 °F (35 °C) and the heat index running as high as 110 °F (43 °C). The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) on August 7, 1918.[23] Early fall and late winter are generally driest, with February being the driest month, averaging only 2.74 inches (69.8 mm) of precipitation. is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The heat index (HI) or humidex is an index that combines air temperature and relative humidity to determine an apparent temperature — how hot it actually feels. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Rec high °F
(°C)
74
(23)
74
(23)
85
(29)
94
(34)
97
(36)
100
(38)
104
(40)
101
(38)
100
(38)
89
(32)
84
(29)
72
(22)
104
(40)
Avg high °F
(°C)
39
(4)
42
(6)
51
(11)
63
(17)
73
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
78
(26)
67
(19)
55
(13)
44
(7)
64
(18)
Avg low °F
(°C)
24
(−4)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
43
(6)
53
(12)
62
(17)
68
(20)
66
(19)
59
(15)
47
(8)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
46
(8)
Rec low °F
(°C)
−7
(−22)
−4
(−20)
7
(−14)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
44
(7)
51
(11)
44
(7)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
15
(−9)
1
(−17)
−7
(−22)
Precipitation in.
(mm)
3.2
(81.3)
2.8
(71.1)
3.7
(94.0)
3.4
(86.4)
3.6
(91.4)
3.4
(86.4)
4.2
(106.7)
3.9
(99.1)
3.3
(83.8)
2.7
(68.6)
3.3
(83.8)
3.3
(83.8)
40.9
(1038.9)
Source: Weatherbase[24]

Cityscape

Neighborhoods

A street in the Old City neighborhood.
A street in the Old City neighborhood.
See also: List of Philadelphia neighborhoods

Philadelphia has many neighborhoods, each with its own identity. The large Philadelphia sections, North, Northeast, Northwest, West, South and Southwest Philadelphia surround Center City, which falls within the original city limits prior to consolidation in 1854. Numerous smaller neighborhoods within the areas coincide with the boroughs, townships, and other communities that made up Philadelphia County before their absorption by the city. Other neighborhoods formed based on ethnicity, religion, culture, and commercial reasons.[25] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Old City is a neighborhood in Center City, Philadelphia located in the area near the Delaware River where William Penn and the Quakers first settled. ... The following are a list of major neighborhoods in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, organized by broad geographical location within the city: // West Philadelphia Carroll Park Cedar Park - Breadth: North to Larchwood Ave. ... Map of Philadelphia County with North Philadelphia highlighted. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northewst Philadelphia highlighted. ... West Philadelphia is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... South Philadelphia district, highlighted on map of Philadelphia County. ... Southwest Philadelphia is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Center City District, highlighted on a map of Philadelphia County. ...


Architecture

Row houses in West Philadelphia.
Row houses in West Philadelphia.
See also: List of tallest buildings in Philadelphia

Philadelphia's architectural history dates back to Colonial times and includes a wide range of styles. The earliest structures were constructed with logs, but brick structures were common by 1700. During the 18th century, the cityscape was dominated by Georgian architecture, including Independence Hall. In the first decades of the 19th century, Federal architecture and Greek Revival architecture were popular.[26] In the second half of the 19th century, Victorian architecture was common. In 1871, construction began on the Second Empire-style Philadelphia City Hall. Despite the construction of steel and concrete skyscrapers in the 1910s, '20s and '30s, the 548 ft (167 m) City Hall remained the tallest building in the city until 1987 when One Liberty Place was constructed. Numerous glass and granite skyscrapers were built from the late 1980s onwards. In 2007, the Comcast Center surpassed One Liberty Place to become the city's tallest building.[27] The buildings and architecture of Philadelphia combine historic and modern styles that reflect the changing city. ... Philadelphia skyline as seen from the South Street Bridge in November 2007 The Philadelphia skyline, showing (from left to right) the Ritz-Carlton Philadelphia, Two Liberty Place, Centre Square I and II, One Liberty Place, the Mellon Bank Center, the Philadelphia City Hall, and the Bell Atlantic Tower This list... This article is about the colonial history of the United States. ... A log home (or log house) is technically the same thing as a log cabin, a house typically made from logs that have not been milled into conventional lumber. ... Seattle, Washington cityscape Houses of Parliament, Sunset, 1902, by Claude Monet View of Delft (1660-1661) by Jan Vermeer A cityscape is the urban equivalent of a landscape. ... A Georgian house in Salisbury For the unrelated architecture of the country Georgia, see Architecture of Georgia (country). ... Independence Hall is a U.S. national landmark located inside Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Chestnut Street between 5th and 6th Streets. ... Central Pavilion, Tontine Crescent, 1793-1794, by Charles Bulfinch Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ... The Tower of the Winds, Athens from The Antiquities of Athens, 1762. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... The canonical example of Second Empire style is the Opéra Garnier, in which Neo-Baroque meets Neo-Renaissance. ... Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The One Liberty Place Building is currently the tallest building and skyscraper in the City of Philadelphia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... For the arena in College Park, Maryland, see Comcast Center (arena). ...

The Philadelphia from City Hall looking towards Liberty Place (2005, before construction of Comcast Tower).
The Philadelphia from City Hall looking towards Liberty Place (2005, before construction of Comcast Tower).

For much of Philadelphia's history, the typical Philadelphia home has been the row house. The row house was introduced to the United States via Philadelphia in the early 1800s and, for a time, row houses built elsewhere in the United States were known as "Philadelphia rows".[28] There is a variety of row houses throughout the city from Victorian-style homes in North Philadelphia to twin row houses in West Philadelphia. While newer homes are scattered throughout the city, much of Philadelphia's housing is from the early 20th century or older. The age of the city's homes has created numerous problems which has led to blight and vacant lots in many parts of the city, while other neighborhoods such as Society Hill, which has the largest concentration of 18th-century architecture in the United States, have been rehabilitated and gentrified.[29][30] For the arena in College Park, Maryland, see Comcast Center (arena). ... A street of British Victorian/Edwardian terraced homes. ... quiet and elegant Society Hill street. ...


Culture

See also: List of people from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Independence Hall in Philadelphia
Independence Hall in Philadelphia

Philadelphia contains many national historical sites that relate to the founding of the United States. Independence National Historical Park is the center of these historical landmarks. Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the Liberty Bell are the city's most famous attractions. Other historic sites include homes for Edgar Allan Poe and Betsy Ross and early government buildings like the First and Second Banks of the United States.[31] Philadelphians celebrating Independence Day. ... Download high resolution version (2609x1963, 4300 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2609x1963, 4300 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Independence Hall is a U.S. national landmark located inside Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Chestnut Street between 5th and 6th Streets. ... National Historical Park or National Historic Park is a designation for a protected area in the United States that has national historic significance and consists of more than single properties or buildings. ... Independence National Historic Park, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the historic area of downtown (or Center City) Philadelphia where Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell, and the National Constitution Center are located, along with dozens of other historic buildings and educational centers. ... Independence Hall is a U.S. national landmark located inside Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on Chestnut Street between 5th and 6th Streets. ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... This article is about the bell. ... Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site The Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site, located at 532 N. Seventh Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, preserves the home where writer Edgar Allan Poe and his family lived from 1838 to 1844. ... The Betsy Ross House is generally recognized as the place where Betsy Ross lived when she made the first American Flag. ... The First Bank of the United States was a bank chartered by the United States Congress on February 25, 1791. ... The Second Bank of the United States was a bank chartered in 1816, five years after the expiration of the First Bank of the United States. ...


Philadelphia's major science museums include the Franklin Institute, which contains the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. History museums include the National Constitution Center, the Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia History, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the state of Pennsylvania and The Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania and Eastern State Penitentiary. Philadelphia is home to the United States' first zoo and hospital. Franklin Institute Front steps as seen from the adjacent Moore College This article is about the science museum in Philadelphia. ... The Franklin Institute is the memorial to Benjamin Franklin, that serves to perpetuate his legacy; the museum contains many of Franklins personal effects. ... The Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia was founded in 1812 to expand knowledge of the natural world. ... The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology is a small, but very high quality museum in West Philadelphia. ... Exterior of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The National Constitution Center is a 160,000 square foot museum that opened on July 4, 2003 in the historic district of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and designed by American architect Henry N. Cobb. ... The entrance to the Atwater Kent Museum Philadelphias city history museum, the Atwater Kent Museum (also known as the Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia) was created in 1938 when Philadelphia Mayor S. Davis Wilson and Frances Wistar, president of the Philadelphia Society for the Preservation of Landmarks, convinced inventor... The National Museum of American Jewish History is a museum in Center City Philadelphia, located just nearby the citys main historical attractions Independence Hall and Liberty Bell within the Independence National Historical Park. ... Historical library and archive founded in Philadelphia in 1824. ... The Eastern State Penitentiary is a former state prison in the United States. ... The Philadelphia Zoo, located in Fairmount Park on the west bank of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, was the first zoo in the United States. ... The Pennsylvania Hospital by William Strickland (1755) Pennsylvania Hospital is the first hospital in the United States. ...

See also: List of sites of interest in Philadelphia

List of sites of interest in Philadelphia: Independence Hall LOVE Park Betsy Ross House Penns Landing External links Independence Hall Betsy Ross House Penns Landing Categories: Philadelphia, PA | Pennsylvania landmarks ...

Arts

Two statues, The Amazon and Rocky, outside the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Two statues, The Amazon and Rocky, outside the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

The city contains many art museums such as the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Rodin Museum, the largest collection of work by Auguste Rodin outside of France. The city’s major art museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, is one of the largest art museums in the United States and features the steps made popular by the film Rocky.[32] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Rocky Steps are the front steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. ... The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ... For other uses, see Museum (disambiguation). ... The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor William Rush, and other artists and business leaders. ... Entrance to Rodin Museum The Rodin Museum is a museum located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which contains the largest collection of sculptor Auguste Rodins works outside Paris. ... The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ... The Rocky Steps are the front steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. ... For other uses, see Rocky (disambiguation). ...


The city is home to many art galleries, many of which participate in the First Friday event. The first Friday of every month galleries in Old City are open late. Annual events include film festivals and parades, the most famous being the New Year's Day Mummers Parade. First Friday is a city-wide public event that occurs on the first friday of every month. ... This article is about the date January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ... A group of comic mummers in the 2005 parade The Mummers Parade is held each New Years Day in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Areas such as South Street and Old City have a vibrant night life. The Avenue of the Arts in Center City contains many restaurants and theaters, such as the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, which is home to the Philadelphia Orchestra, and the Academy of Music, the nation's oldest continually operating venue, home to the Opera Company of Philadelphia.[32] The Avenue of the Arts is a section of Center City, Philadelphia beginning immediately south of the Philadelphia City Hall (Penn Square) on Broad Street and running roughy south till Washington Ave. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Kimmel Center exterior, September 2005. ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the Big Five symphony orchestras in the United States and usually considered among the finest in the world. ... Academy of Music is College or university school of music. ... The Opera Company of Philadelphia is an opera company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...

James Peniston's Keys To Community in the Old City neighborhood, one of the city's many public artworks featuring images of Benjamin Franklin. Location: 39°57′09″N 75°08′47″W / 39.952414, -75.146301
James Peniston's Keys To Community in the Old City neighborhood, one of the city's many public artworks featuring images of Benjamin Franklin. Location: 39°57′09″N 75°08′47″W / 39.952414, -75.146301

Philadelphia has more public art than any other American city.[33] In 1872, the Fairmount Park Art Association was created, the first private association in the United States dedicated to integrating public art and urban planning.[34]. In 1959, lobbying by the Artists Equity Association helped create the Percent for Art ordinance, the first for a U.S. city.[35] The program, which has funded more than 200 pieces of public art, is administered by the Philadelphia Office of Arts and Culture, the city's art agency.[36] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Penistons 2007 Keys To Community stands in Girard Fountain Park in the Old City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... La Joute by Jean-Paul Riopelle, an outdoor kinetic sculpture installation with fire jets, fog machines, and a fountain in Montreal. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... The term percent for art refers to a program, often a city ordinance, where a fee, usually some percentage of the project cost, is placed on large scale development projects in order to fund and install public art. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ...


In particular, Philadelphia has more murals than any other U.S. city, thanks in part to the 1984 creation of the Department of Recreation's Mural Arts Program, which seeks to beautify neighborhoods and provide an outlet for graffiti artists. The program has funded more than 2,700 murals by professional, staff and volunteer artists. [37] The Mural Arts Program was founded by Jane Golden in Philadelphia, PA in the early 1980s as the Anti Graffiti Network. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ...


Philadelphia has had a prominent role in music. In the 1970s, Philadelphia soul influenced the music of that and later eras. On July 13, 1985, Philadelphia hosted the American end of the Live Aid concert at John F. Kennedy Stadium. The city reprised this role for the Live 8 concert, bringing some 700,000 people to the Ben Franklin Parkway on July 2, 2005.[38] One of Philadelphias first mainstream stars, Chubby Checker, in 2005 The city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is home to a vibrant and well-documented musical heritage, stretching back to colonial times. ... Conference National Division Eastern Year founded 2004 Home arena Wachovia Center & Wachovia Spectrum(alt. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... John F. Kennedy Stadium (or JFK Stadium, originally known as Philadelphia Municipal Stadium) was an open-air stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that stood from 1925 to 1992. ... Official Live8 DVD, released in November 2005 Live 8 was a series of concurrent benefit concerts that took place on 2 July 2005, in the G8 states and in South Africa. ... Benjamin Franklin Parkway is a scenic avenue that runs through the cultural heart of Philadelphia. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


While the rowdiness and passion of Philadelphia sports fans has become the thing of legend, the city also has been home to some of the most raucuous incidents in live rock music. Most prominently, on June 13, 1991, the rock band Guns n' Roses stopped their song "Welcome to the Jungle" in the middle of it, prompting fights, fan evictions, and threats from Guns n' Roses lead singer Axl Rose[39] This article is about the genre. ... Guns N Roses is an American hard rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1985. ... Appetite for Destruction track listing This article is about the Guns N Roses song. ... W. Axl Rose[1][2] (born William Bruce Rose, Jr. ...


The Rock 'n' Roll band Silvertide are from Northeast Philadelphia. Silvertide is a rock band hailing from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ...


Cuisine

The city is known for its hoagies, soft pretzels, water ice, and is home to the cheesesteak. Its high-end restaurants include Morimoto, run by chef Masaharu Morimoto, who rose to prominence on the Iron Chef television show. The cuisine of Philadelphia was shaped largely by Philadelphia, Pennsylvanias mixture of ethnicities, available foodstuffs and history. ... The hoagie is the term for a lunch sandwich in a region including Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey, Delaware, and parts of New York. ... A modern factory produced hard pretzel. ... Water Ice, sometimes referred to as Italian Water Ice, is a snack item served during the summer. ... Cheesesteak with Cheez Whiz The cheesesteak, known outside the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area as the Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, or steak and cheese is a sandwich principally of thinly sliced pieces of steak and melted cheese on a long roll. ... Masaharu Morimoto (森本正治 Morimoto Masaharu; born May 26, 1955 in Hiroshima, Japan) is a well-known Japanese chef, best-known as the third (and last) Iron Chef Japanese on the TV cooking show Iron Chef, and an Iron Chef on its spinoff, Iron Chef America. ... Iron Chef Hiroyuki Sakai With the above words begins each edition of Iron Chef, a Japanese television program produced by FujiTV. The original Japanese title is Ironmen of Cooking ). It began airing on October 10, 1993 as a half-hour show and after 23 episodes, it was expanded to a...


Sports

See also: U.S. cities with teams from four major sports
Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Philadelphia Eagles NFL American Football Lincoln Financial Field 1933 1948, 1949, 1960
Philadelphia Flyers NHL Hockey Wachovia Center 1967 1973-74, 1974-75
Philadelphia Phillies MLB Baseball Citizens Bank Park 1883 1980
Philadelphia 76ers NBA Basketball Wachovia Center 1963 1966-67, 1982-83
Philadelphia MLS team MLS Soccer Chester Stadium 2010 none
Philadelphia Wings NLL Lacrosse (Indoor) Wachovia Center 1987 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2001
Philadelphia Phantoms AHL Hockey Wachovia Spectrum 1996 1997-98, 2004-05
Philadelphia Soul AFL Arena Football Wachovia Center & Spectrum 2004 none
Philadelphia Barrage MLL Lacrosse (Outdoor) N/A 2001 2004, 2006, 2007
Philadelphia KiXX MISL Soccer (Indoor) Wachovia Spectrum 1995 2001-02, 2006-07
Philadelphia Fight AMNRL Rugby League Farrell Stadium (West Chester University) 1998 none

Philadelphia has a long history of professional sports teams, and is one of thirteen U.S. cities to have all four major sports: the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Flyers of the National Hockey League, the Philadelphia Phillies in the National League of Major League Baseball, and the Philadelphia 76ers in the National Basketball Association. The last major professional sport team to win a championship was the 76ers, which won the NBA Championship in 1983. Due to the length of this streak without winning a sports championship, in 2004 ESPN ranked Philadelphia as number two in its list of The Fifteen Most Tortured Sports Cities.[40] The failure of Philadelphia's major professional sports teams to win championships since that date is sometimes attributed, in jest, to the so-called "Curse of Billy Penn". The Oakland Athletics and Golden State Warriors were originally from Philadelphia. The Wachovia Center (formerly the First Union Center and the CoreStates Center), home of the Philadelphia Flyers and the Philadelphia 76ers. ... In the United States, the four prominent major professional sports leagues are the following: Major League Baseball (MLB), in existence de facto since 1903 National Football League (NFL), founded in 1920 National Basketball Association (NBA), founded in 1946 National Hockey League (NHL), founded in 1917 There are currently thirteen metropolitan... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... NFL redirects here. ... Lincoln Financial Field, familiarly known as The Linc, is the home stadium of the National Football Leagues Philadelphia Eagles. ... The 1948 NFL season was the 29th regular season of the National Football League. ... The 1949 NFL season was the 30th regular season of the National Football League. ... The 1960 NFL season was the 41th regular season of the National Football League. ... The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... The 1973-74 NHL season was the 57th season of the National Hockey League. ... The classic NHL shield logo The 1974-75 NHL season was the 58th season of the National Hockey League. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Citizens Bank Park is a 43,647-seat baseball-only stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that opened on April 3, 2004 and hosted its first regular season baseball game on April 12 of that same year, as the tenants of the facility, the Philadelphia Phillies lost to the Cincinnati Reds, 4... haha ... The Philadelphia 76ers (also known as the Sixers for short) are a professional basketball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... The 1966-67 NBA Season was the 21st season of the National Basketball Association. ... The 1982-83 NBA Season was the 37th season of the National Basketball Association. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... Chester Stadium is a proposed soccer-specific stadium (SSS) in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA, which is the planned home of a Major League Soccer franchise in the Philadelphia market. ... The Philadelphia Wings are a member of the National Lacrosse League, a professional sports league in North America, since the 1997-1998 season. ... NLL redirects here. ... The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... The Philadelphia Phantoms are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Wachovia Spectrum (formerly known as the Spectrum (1967-1994), CoreStates Spectrum (1994-1998) and First Union Spectrum (1998-2003)) is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Conference National Division Eastern Year founded 2004 Home arena Wachovia Center & Wachovia Spectrum(alt. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... The Wachovia Center, formerly known as the CoreStates Center and the First Union Center, is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... The Wachovia Spectrum (formerly known as the Spectrum (1967-1994), CoreStates Spectrum (1994-1998) and First Union Spectrum (1998-2003)) is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Philadelphia Barrage is a lacrosse team based in Downingtown, Pennsylvania. ... Major League Lacrosse is a professional outdoor Lacrosse league that is made up of teams within the United States. ... The 2001 Major League Lacrosse season was the 1st season of the league. ... 2004 Major League Lacrosse season was the 4th season of the league // The Bridgeport Barrage relocated to Philadelphia and became the Philadelphia Barrage before the season started. ... 2006 Major League Lacrosse season is the 6th season of the league. ... 2007 Major League Lacrosse season is the 7th season of the league. ... The Philadelphia KiXX is an indoor soccer team, founded in 1995 as an NPSL expansion franchise, that plays its games at the Wachovia Spectrum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Major Indoor Soccer League is the top professional indoor soccer league in the USA. The league is a member of both the United States Soccer Federation and FIFA. The MISL replaced the NPSL which folded in 2001. ... The Wachovia Spectrum (formerly known as the Spectrum (1967-1994), CoreStates Spectrum (1994-1998) and First Union Spectrum (1998-2003)) is an indoor arena located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Philadelphia Fight are a rugby league team from Philadelphia in the United States. ... The American National Rugby League (sometimes referred to as the AMNRL) is the major rugby league tournament for semi-professional clubs in the United States; currently there are eleven teams predominantly based on the north-east coast competing annually in this competition. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... West Chester University, located in West Chester, Pennsylvania, was founded in 1871. ... In the United States, the four prominent major professional sports leagues are the following: Major League Baseball (MLB), in existence de facto since 1903 National Football League (NFL), founded in 1920 National Basketball Association (NBA), founded in 1946 National Hockey League (NHL), founded in 1917 There are currently thirteen metropolitan... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... NFL redirects here. ... The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... NHL redirects here. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... National league can refer to: National Basketball League, in the United States and Canada, which merged with the rival Basketball Association of America to form the National Basketball Association National Football League, the major American football league in the United States National Hockey League, the major ice hockey league in... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The Philadelphia 76ers (also known as the Sixers for short) are a professional basketball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... NBA redirects here. ... The 1982-83 NBA Season was the 37th season of the National Basketball Association. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... The Curse of William Penn is an alleged curse, sometimes used to explain the failure of professional sports teams based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to win championships since the March 1987 construction of the One Liberty Place skyscraper, which exceeded the height of William Penns statue atop Philadelphia City Hall. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The Golden State Warriors are a professional basketball team based in Oakland, California. ... Picture of the 1874 Philadelphia Athletics This is about the first so-called Philadelphia Athletics baseball team (1860-1876). ...


Philadelphia also is home to professional, semi-professional and elite amateur teams in other sports, including cricket. Philadelphia also hosts major amateur sporting events, including the Penn Relays, Stotesbury Cup, Philadelphia Marathon, and Philadelphia International Championship bicycle race, and the Dad Vail Regatta. This article is about the sport. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Amateur. ... The Penn Relays (also Penn Relays Carnival) is the oldest and largest track and field carnival in the United States, hosted annually since April 21, 1895 by the University of Pennsylvania at Franklin Field in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Stotesbury Cup is the largest high school regatta in the nation. ... The Philadelphia Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on the third Sunday of November. ... Philadelphia International Championship is the current name given to an annual bicycle race held in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... For the Queen song, see Bicycle Race. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


In February 2008, Philadelphia beat off competition many cities, namely St. Louis, to be awarded the 16th Major League Soccer franchise. They will enter the league in 2010 calling Chester Stadium their home (a soccer specific stadium) in Chester, PA. The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... Chester Stadium is a proposed soccer-specific stadium (SSS) in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA, which is the planned home of a Major League Soccer franchise in the Philadelphia market. ... Columbus Crew Stadium opened in 1999 as the first of a growing number of North American stadiums built for soccer Soccer-specific stadium (SSS) is a term used mainly in the United States and Canada. ... Chester is a city located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ...


Economy

Comcast Center, Philadelphia's newest office building, under construction
Comcast Center, Philadelphia's newest office building, under construction

Philadelphia's economy is relatively diversified, with meaningful portions of its total output derived from manufacturing, oil refining, food processing, health care services, tourism and financial services. According to a study prepared by PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia and its surrounding region had the fourth highest GDP among American cities, with a total "city GDP" of $312 billion in 2005 [41]. Only New York, Los Angeles and Chicago had higher total economic output levels. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 1012 KB) Southwestern view of the Comcast Center under construction Taken on February 3, 2007 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 1012 KB) Southwestern view of the Comcast Center under construction Taken on February 3, 2007 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For the arena in College Park, Maryland, see Comcast Center (arena). ...


The city is home to the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and several Fortune 500 companies, including cable television and internet provider Comcast, insurance companies CIGNA and Lincoln Financial Group, energy company Sunoco, food services company Aramark, Crown Holdings Incorporated, chemical makers Rohm and Haas Company and FMC Corporation, pharmaceutical companies Wyeth and GlaxoSmithKline, Boeing helicopters division, and automotive parts retailer Pep Boys. Early in the 20th Century, it was also home to the pioneeering brass era automobile company Biddle.[42] The Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX) is the oldest stock exchange in the United States. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Cable TV redirects here. ... Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA) is the largest cable television company and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ... CIGNA (NYSE: CI) is a Philadelphia-based insurance company, the oldest stock insurance company in the United States. ... Lincoln Financial is a United States financial advice corporation. ... This article is about the American oil company. ... Aramark Corporation (NYSE: RMK) is a professional services organization, providing food services, facilities management, hospitality services, and uniforms and career apparel to health care institutions, universities and school districts, stadiums and arenas, businesses, prisons, senior living facilities, parks and resorts, correctional institutions, conference centers, convention centers, and public safety professionals... Crown Holdings Incorporated, founded in 1892 by William Painter, is a Fortune 500 company based in the United States of America. ... Rohm and Haas Co (NYSE: ROH), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania based company, manufactures miscellaneous materials. ... FMC Corporation is a chemical manufacturing company headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Wyeth, formerly known as American Home Products, is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. ... GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE: GSK NYSE: GSK) is a British based pharmaceutical, biological, and healthcare company. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... The Pep Boys – Manny, Moe & Jack (NYSE: PBY) is the nation’s leading full-service automotive aftermarket chain. ... Car redirects here. ...


The federal government has several facilities in Philadelphia as well. The city served as the capital city of the United States, before the construction of Washington, D.C. Today, the East Coast operations of the United States Mint are based near the historic district, and the Federal Reserve Bank's Philadelphia division is based there as well. Philadelphia is also home to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Seal of the U.S. Mint Denver United States mint building The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789, and originally sat in Independence Hall in Philadelphia as the U.S. District Court for the District of Pennsylvania. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Delaware District of New Jersey Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Pennsylvania District of the United States Virgin Islands The court is based at...


Partly because of the historical presence of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and the large ridership at 30th Street Station, Amtrak also maintains a significant presence in the city. These jobs include customer service representatives and ticket processing and other behind-the-scenes personnel, in addition to the normal functions of the railroad. 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ...

Baltimore Avenue towards Center City.

The city is also a national center of law because of the prestigious University of Pennsylvania Law School, Temple University Beasley School of Law, Villanova University School of Law, Widener University School of Law, and Drexel University College of Law. Additionally, the headquarters of the American Law Institute is located in the city. Silverman Hall of the University of Pennsylvania Law School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania Law School is the law school of the University of Pennsylvania. ... Temple Law Vertical Standard. ... Villanova University is a private, Catholic university located in Radnor Township, a suburb northwest of Philadelphia on the Pennsylvania Main Line. ... The Widener University School of Law provides an ABA accredited program, and operates on two campuses, one in Wilmington, Delaware, and the other in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... The Drexel University College of Law (CoL) is the newest college of Drexel University serving both undergraduate and graduate students. ... The American Law Institute (ALI) was established in 1923 to promote the clarification and simplification of American common law and its adaptation to changing social needs. ...


Philadelphia is also an important center for medicine, a distinction that it has held since the colonial period, when Pennsylvania Hospital was the first hospital in the British North American colonies. The University of Pennsylvania, the city's largest private employer, runs an extensive medical system. There are also major hospitals affiliated with Temple University School of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, and Thomas Jefferson University. Philadelphia also has three distinguished children's hospitals: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (located adjacent to the Hospitals of the University of Pennsylvania), St. Christopher's Hospital, and the Shriners' Hospital. In the city's northeast section are Albert Einstein Hospital and the Fox Chase Cancer Center. Together, health care is the largest sector of employment in the city. Several medical professional associations are headquartered in Philadelphia. The Pennsylvania Hospital by William Strickland (1755) Pennsylvania Hospital is the first hospital in the United States. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... For the private Christian university in Tennessee, see Tennessee Temple University. ... Drexel University College of Medicine is the medical school of Drexel University and was originally founded as a womens college. ... Thomas Jefferson University is an independent medical school, health professions and medical research institution. ... The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia is one of the largest and oldest childrens hospitals in the world. ... The Fox Chase Cancer Center is a medical research facility and hospital located in the northeast section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


In part because of Philadelphia's long-running importance as a center for medical research, the region is a major center for the pharmaceutical industry. GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca, Wyeth, Merck, GE Healthcare, Johnson and Johnson and Siemens Medical Solutions are just some of the large pharmaceutical companies with operations in the region. The city is also home to the nation's first school of pharmacy, the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, now called the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia. This is a list of pharmaceutical and biotech companies that are major manufacturers on global or national markets : Abbott Laboratories Able Laboratories Akzo Nobel Allergan Almirall Prodesfarma Alphapharm Altana (previously Byk Gulden) ALZA, part of Johnson & Johnson Amgen AstraZeneca, formed from the merger of Astra AB and Zeneca Group PLC... GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE: GSK NYSE: GSK) is a British based pharmaceutical, biological, and healthcare company. ... AstraZeneca PLC (LSE: AZN, OMX: AZN), is a large Anglo-Swedish pharmaceutical company formed on 6 April 1999 by the merger of Swedish Astra AB and British Zeneca Group PLC. Zeneca was part of Imperial Chemical Industries prior to a demerger in 1993. ... Wyeth, formerly known as American Home Products, is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. ... Merck & Co. ... GE Healthcare is a $14 billion (USD) unit of General Electric. ... Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) is an international Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices manufacturer founded in 1885. ... Siemens Medical Solutions (Siemens Med) is a supplier to the healthcare industry headquartered in Erlangen, Germany and Malvern, Pennsylvania. ...

See also: List of companies based in the Philadelphia area

This is a list of companies either based or with large operations in the Philadelphia/Delaware Valley area of the United States. ...

Shopping

Italian Market, South Philadelphia
Italian Market, South Philadelphia

Center City is home to The Gallery at Market East, The Shops at Liberty Place and The Shops at the Bellevue, and a variety of standalone retail stores. Rittenhouse Row, a section of Walnut Street in Center City, has higher-end stores and boutiques. Old City and Society Hill, as well, feature upscale boutiques and retailers from local and international merchandisers. Philadelphia also has several neighborhood shopping districts, including Manayunk and Chestnut Hill. Also noteworthy is South Street with blocks of inexpensive boutiques. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 449 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 1683 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 449 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 1683 pixel, file size: 3. ... Center City District, highlighted on a map of Philadelphia County. ... The Gallery at Market East, or more commonly, The Gallery, is an urban mall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with a total of 172 stores. ... Walnut Street is located in downtown Philadelphia and extends from the citys waterfront through Center City and West Philadelphia. ... Manayunk, Philadelphia, PA February 10, 2006 Manayunk is a neighborhood in the northwestern section of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Chestnut Hill is a neighborhood in the northwestern corner of Philadelphia. ... South Street during the daytime, looking west. ...


The Italian Market in South Philadelphia offers groceries, meats, cheeses and housewares from Italy and other countries. Geno's and Pat's, two famed cheesesteak outlets, are located here. The Reading Terminal Market in Center City includes dozens of restaurants, farm stalls, and shops, many run by Amish farmers from Lancaster County. There are also neighborhood farmers' markets throughout the city. There are also several large outlet malls in the region, including Franklin Mills in Northeast Philadelphia. The Italian Market is an area of Philadelphia featuring many grocery shops, cafes, restaurants, cheese shops, butcher shops, etc. ... Daytime shot of Genos The signs on the front window Genos at night Genos Steaks is a Philadelphia restaurant specializing in cheesesteaks, founded in 1966 by Joe Vento. ... Late night diners crowded in front of Pats Steaks Pats King of Steaks (also known as Pats Steaks) is a Philadelphia restaurant located where 9th street crosses Wharton & Passyunk Ave. ... Cheesesteak with Cheez Whiz The cheesesteak, known outside the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area as the Philadelphia cheesesteak, Philly cheesesteak, or steak and cheese is a sandwich principally of thinly sliced pieces of steak and melted cheese on a long roll. ... Reading Terminal Market Center Court Reading Terminal Market is an enclosed farmers market found at 12th and Arch Streets in downtown Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Entrance to Franklin Mills mall (without the malls kite logo) as viewed from the parking lot. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ...


Philadelphia is the birthplace of the secondary ticket marketplace. Wanamaker Ticket Office, located in Center City, is among the nation's oldest ticket agencies.


Media

Main article: Media of Philadelphia

Philadelphia's two major daily newspapers are The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News, both of which are owned by Philadelphia Media Holdings L.L.C. The Philadelphia Inquirer, founded in 1829, is the third-oldest surviving daily newspaper in the United States.[43] The Bulletin, another newspaper that operates in Philadelphia, traces its history back to The Philadelphia Bulletin that went defunct in 1982. The Bulletin is locally owned by The Bulletin, Inc. This is a list of media based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Reading the newspaper: Brookgreen Gardens in Pawleys Island, South Carolina, United States. ... The Philadelphia Inquirer is one of a two Knight Ridder newspaper duopoly daily for the Philadelphia area. ... The Philadelphia Daily News is a tabloid newspaper that began publishing on March 31, 1925, under founding editor Lee Ellmaker. ... The Bulletin is an Australian weekly magazine, which has been published in Sydney since 1880. ... The Evening Bulletin is the name of two Philadelphia, Pennsylvania newspapers. ...

The Inquirer Building on North Broad Street.
The Inquirer Building on North Broad Street.

The first experimental radio license was issued in Philadelphia in August, 1912 to St. Joseph's College. The first commercial radio stations appeared in 1922. WIP, then owned by Gimbel's department store, became the first on March 17 of that year. Also launched that year were WFIL, WOO, WCAU and WDAS.[44] The highest-rated stations in Philadelphia include soft rock WBEB, KYW Newsradio, and urban adult contemporary WDAS-FM. This article is about the university in the United States. ... WIP is a Philadelphia radio station with an all-sports format. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... WFIL is the name of a radio station, and also the former name of a television station, serving the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The word Woo may have a number of meanings: Courtship. ... WPHT is a CBS Radio station located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania broadcasting on 1210 kHz. ... Soft rock, also referred to as light rock or easy rock, is a style of music which uses the techniques of rock and roll to compose a softer, supposedly more ear-pleasing sound for listening, often at work or when driving. ... WBEB, known as B101, is a Soft Rock/Adult Contemporary radio station which is broadcast in the Philadelphia area. ... KYW is a class A AM radio station on 1060 kHz licensed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Urban Adult Contemporary is the name for a format of radio music, similar to an urban contemporary format. ... WDAS-FM is an Urban Adult Contemporary radio station that features R&B, Classic Soul, and is licensed to the city of Philadelphia. ...


During the 1930s, the experimental station W3XE, which was owned by Philco Corp, became the first television station in Philadelphia. The station, which would later become KYW-TV (CBS), became NBC's first affiliate in 1939. By the 1970s WCAU-TV, WPVI-TV, WHYY-TV, WPHL-TV, and WTXF-TV were founded.[44] In 1952 WFIL (now WPVI), premiered the television show Bandstand, which later became the nationally broadcast show American Bandstand hosted by Dick Clark.[45] Today, as in many large metropolitan areas, each of the commercial networks has an affiliate, and call letters have been replaced by corporate IDs: CBS3, 6ABC, NBC10, FOX29, Telefutura28, Telemundo62, Univision65, plus My PHL 17 and CW Philly 57. On the public media side, the Philadelphia region is served by WYBE-TV (Philadelphia), WHYY-TV (Wilmington, Delaware and Philadelphia), WLVT-TV (Lehigh Valley), and New Jersey Network. In September, 2007, Philadelphia approved a public access cable channel. On the radio side, Philadelphia is served by three large public radio stations, plus several smaller ones; the larger ones are WHYY-FM (NPR), WRTI (jazz, classical), and WXPN-FM (adult alternative music). This article is about a television transmitting location or company. ... KYW-TV, channel 3, is a television station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, owned by the CBS Corporation and affiliated with the CBS Television Network. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... This article is about the television network. ... WCAU, channel 10, is the NBC owned-and-operated television station serving the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania market, with studios on the border between Philadelphia and Bala Cynwyd, and transmitter in the Roxborough neighborhood. ... WPVI-TV, channel 6, is an owned-and-operated station of the Walt Disney Company-owned American Broadcasting Company, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Nancy Karibjanian on WHYY Delaware Tonight in 2006. ... WPHL-TV, channel 17, is a television station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, owned by the Tribune Company and currently affiliated with News Corporation-owned MyNetworkTV. The stations studios are located in the Wynnefield section of West Philadelphia, and its transmitter is located in the Roxborough neighborhood. ... WTXF-TV, channel 29, is an owned-and-operated station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Dick Clark, host of American Bandstand American Bandstand was a long-running dance music television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989. ... Dick Clark redirects here. ... WPSG-TV (UPN 57) is the UPN television affiliate in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... WYBE is a public television station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that signed on June 10, 1990. ... WLVT-TV, located in Allentown, Pennsylvania, is a PBS television station carried on Channel 39 on the UHF band in the analog format and channel 62 in the digital format. ... The New Jersey Network or NJN is a state-wide public television and radio network in New Jersey. ... WHYY-FM is a National Public Radio member on 90. ... Member-supported WRTI-FM is a service of Temple University. ... // Background WXPN (88. ...


Philadelphia has a competitive rock radio market, especially between WMMR and WYSP, which both specialize in playing modern and classic rock. The two stations enjoy a very intense rivalry with each station's listeners being faithfully loyal to their favorite station in most cases. Since 2005, WMMR now plays more music due to a shift in WYSP's programming from a rock station (which also carried controversial shock jock Howard Stern) to a Free FM station (which now carries the Kidd Chris morning show). WYSP also carries live radio broadcasts of all Philadelphia Eagles home and road games. WMMR has the top rated morning show in the Philadelphia area, The Preston and Steve Show, which has been at the top of the ratings since Howard Stern left for Sirius Radio. WMMR is a rock radio station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, broadcasting at 93. ... WYSP is a hot talk/rock station full of assholes who fire good shows. ... A shock jock is a slang term used to describe a type of radio broadcaster (sometimes a disk jockey) who attracts attention using humor that a significant portion of the listening audience may find offensive. ... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... Primary Free FM logo Free FM is the moniker and on-air brand of several FM talk radio stations in the United States owned by CBS Radio, created because of Howard Sterns departure to Sirius Satellite Radio in January 2006. ... Christopher Derek Kidd Chris Foley (b. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... The Preston and Steve show is a morning radio comedy and variety broadcast on Philadelphia mainstream rock station 93. ... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... Sirius Satellite Radio (NASDAQ: SIRI) is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 65 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. ...


Philadelphia's four urban stations (WUSL ("Power 99"), WPHI ("100.3 The Beat"), WDAS and WRNB) are popular choices on the FM dial. WJJZ is the city's "smooth jazz" station. When WJJZ was discontinued in August 2006, it caused an uproar among listeners, but it was revived three months later, under new ownership (Greater Media) from Burlington, NJ radio station WJJZ, on a new frequency (97.5). The former WJJZ is now WISX, "Philly's 106.1". Urban is in or having to do with cities, as distinct from rural areas. ... WUSL, known as Power 99 FM, is a mainstream urban radio station, owned by Clear Channel Communications and licensed to Philadelphia. ... WPHI, also known as 100. ... WDAS-FM is an Urban Adult Contemporary radio station that features R&B, Classic Soul, and is licensed to the city of Philadelphia. ... WRNB is an Urban Adult Contemporary station that broadcasts on the 107. ... For the radio station located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania known as WJJZ before August 2006, see WISX. WJJZ, off the air between August 10, 2006 and November 17, 2006, is a smooth jazz station in the Philadelphia market. ... Smooth Jazz, also sometimes referred to as new adult contemporary music,[1] is generally described as a genre of music that utilizes instruments (and, at times, improvisation) traditionally associated with jazz and stylistic influences drawn from mostly R&B, but also funk and pop. ... Greater Media, Inc. ... WISX (My 1061 and formerly Phillys 106. ...


Innovation

Philadelphia is home to many "first-in-America" institutions, including:[46][47]

Property insurance provides protection against risks to property, such as fire, theft or weather damage. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Washington, D.C. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ... The Pennsylvania Hospital by William Strickland (1755) Pennsylvania Hospital is the first hospital in the United States. ... Fire Engine in South Bend, Indiana. ... It has been suggested that Firefighter Assist and Search Team be merged into this article or section. ... The Academy and College of Philiadelphia was the first American academy. ... A childrens hospital is a hospital which offers its services exclusively to children. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor William Rush, and other artists and business leaders. ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... The First Bank of the United States was a bank chartered by the United States Congress on February 25, 1791. ... The Philadelphia Mint was created from the need to establish a national identity and the needs of commerce. ... The Philadelphia Zoo, located in Fairmount Park on the west bank of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, was the first zoo in the United States. ... ENIAC ENIAC, short for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer,[1] was the first large-scale, electronic, digital computer capable of being reprogrammed to solve a full range of computing problems,[2] although earlier computers had been built with some of these properties. ... The Philadelphia Saving Fund Society Building Founded on December 20, 1816, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, PSFS, or the Philadelphia Saving Fund Society, was the first savings bank in the United States. ...

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 28,522
1800 41,220 44.5%
1810 53,722 30.3%
1820 63,802 18.8%
1830 80,462 26.1%
1840 93,665 16.4%
1850 121,376 29.6%
1860 565,529 365.9%
1870 674,022 19.2%
1880 847,170 25.7%
1890 1,046,964 23.6%
1900 1,293,697 23.6%
1910 1,549,008 19.7%
1920 1,823,779 17.7%
1930 1,950,961 7.0%
1940 1,931,334 -1.0%
1950 2,071,605 7.3%
1960 2,002,512 -3.3%
1970 1,948,609 -2.7%
1980 1,688,210 -13.4%
1990 1,585,577 -6.1%
2000 1,517,550 -4.3%
Est. 2006 1,448,394 -4.6%

As of the census[48] of 2000, there were 1,517,550 people, 590,071 households, and 352,272 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,233.6/square mile (4,337.3/km²). There were 661,958 housing units at an average density of 4,900.1/sq mi (1,891.9/km²). As of the 2004 Census estimations, there were 1,463,281 people, 658,799 housing units, and the racial makeup of the city was 45.0% White, 43.2% African American, 5.5% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.5% of the population. The top 5 largest ancestries include Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%), and English (2.9%).[3] Median household income in Center City and surrounding sections, 2000 Census. ... The United [[States Census of 1790 was the first Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo-Americans) are citizens of the United States whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England. ...


Of the 590,071 households, 27.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.22. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $30,746, and the median income for a family was $37,036. Males had a median income of $34,199 versus $28,477 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,509. About 18.4% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Philadelphia has the second largest Irish, Italian, and Jamaican populations and the fourth largest African American population in the nation. Philadelphia also has the fourth largest population of Polish residents. In recent years, the Hispanic and Asian American populations have significantly increased. Hispanics have settled throughout the city, especially around El Centro de Oro, and the city now has the third largest Puerto Rican population in the continental United States. The Asian population was once concentrated in the city's thriving Chinatown, but now Korean Americans have come to Olney, and Vietnamese have forged bazaars next to the Italian Market in South Philadelphia. Concentrations of Cambodian American neighborhoods can be found in North and South Philadelphia. Indians and Arabs have come to Northeast Philadelphia along with Russian and Ukrainian immigrants. This large influx of Asians has given Philadelphia one of the largest populations of Vietnamese, Cambodians, Chinese, and Koreans in United States. The Philadelphia region also has the fourth largest population of Indian Americans. The West Indian population is concentrated in Cedar Park. Germans, Greeks, Chinese, Japanese, English, Pakistanis, Iranians, and also immigrants from the former Yugoslavia along with other ethnic groups can be found throughout the city. Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... You may also be looking for the plural of the word pole. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... El Centro de Oro is a vibrant Hispanic area in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... A Korean American is a person of Korean ancestry who was either born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Olney is the name of some places in the United States of America: Olney, Alabama Olney, Georgia Olney, Illinois Olney, Kentucky Olney, Maryland Olney, Missouri Olney, Montana Olney, Oklahoma Olney, Oregon Olney, Texas Olney is also the name of a place in the United Kingdom: Olney, Milton Keynes Olney is... The Italian Market is an area of Philadelphia featuring many grocery shops, cafes, restaurants, cheese shops, butcher shops, etc. ... South Philadelphia district, highlighted on map of Philadelphia County. ... A Cambodian-American is an American who is of ethnic Cambodian descent. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Cedar Park is a neighborhood located in the West Philadelphia district of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... Population Data Demographics of Pakistan, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ...


Government

City Hall decorated for the holidays
City Hall decorated for the holidays

From a governmental perspective, Philadelphia County is a legal nullity, as all county functions were assumed by the city in 1952, which has been coterminous with the county since 1854. Legal nullity is a phrase used to refer to any entity which might theoretically be of some legal significance, but in fact possesses no identity or distinct structure of its own. ...


The city uses the "strong-mayor" version of the mayor-council form of government, which is headed by one mayor, in whom executive authority is vested. Elected "at-large," the mayor is limited to two consecutive four-year terms under the city's home rule charter, but can run for the position again after an intervening term. The current city mayor, having taken office in January 2008, is Michael Nutter, replacing John F. Street who served two terms from 1999 to the end of 2007. Nutter, as all Philadelphia mayors have been since 1952, is a member of the Democratic Party, which tends to dominate local politics so thoroughly that the Democratic primary for mayor is often more noticeable than the general mayoral election. The legislative branch, the Philadelphia City Council, consists of ten council members representing individual districts and seven members elected at large. The current council president is Anna C. Verna. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single multimember constituency. ... Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... Michael Anthony Nutter (born June 29, 1957) is the Mayor-elect of Philadelphia. ... John Franklin Street (born October 15, 1943) is the 97th Mayor of the City of Philadelphia. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


The Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas, also known as the Court of Common Pleas for the First Judicial District of Pennsylvania, is the trial court of general jurisdiction for Philadelphia. It is funded and operated largely by city resources and employees. The Philadelphia Municipal Court handles matters of limited jurisdiction as well as landlord-tenant disputes, appeals from traffic court, preliminary hearings for felony-level offenses, and the like. Traffic Court is a court of special jurisdiction that hears violations of traffic laws. In United States jurisprudence, Court of Common Pleas is a court of certain jurisdiction. ... A trial court or court of first instance is the court in which most civil or criminal cases begin. ... Traffic court is a term that refers to a municipalitys specialized judicial process for handling traffic violations. ...


Pennsylvania's three appellate courts also have sittings in Philadelphia. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort in the state, regularly hears arguments in Philadelphia City Hall. Also, the Superior Court of Pennsylvania and the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania sit in Philadelphia several times a year. Judges for these courts are elected at large. Each court has a prothonotary's office in Philadelphia as well. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Appeal. ... The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the court of last resort for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Superior Court of Pennsylvania is the intermediate court of appeal in Pennsylvania, between the trial court of general jurisdiction -- called the Court of Common Pleas -- and the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. ... The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania, is one of two state intermediate-level appellate courts, located in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the legal and ecclesiastical offices of For information about the species of bird, please see prothonotary warbler. ...

Plaque from the PHC
Plaque from the PHC

The Philadelphia Historical Commission was created in 1955 to preserve the cultural, social, political, economic and architectural history of the city. The commission maintains the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places, adding historic buildings, structures, sites, objects and districts as it sees fit.[49] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1501x751, 2933 KB) Summary Notes http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1501x751, 2933 KB) Summary Notes http://www. ...


The Philadelphia Housing Authority is the largest landlord in the entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Established in 1937, it is the nation’s fourth-largest housing authority, housing approximately 84,000 people and employing 1,250. In 2006, its budget was $313 million.[50] The Philadelphia Housing Authority, also known as PHA, is the biggest landlord in Pennsylvania. ...


Politics and elections

See also: List of mayors of Philadelphia
Presidential election results[citation needed]
Year Republican Democratic
2004 19.3% 130,099 80.4% 542,205
2000 18.0% 100,959 80.0% 449,182
1996 16.0% 85,345 77.5% 412,988
1992 20.9% 133,328 68.2% 434,904
1988 32.5% 219,053 66.6% 449,566
1984 34.6% 267,178 64.9% 501,369
1980 34.0% 244,108 58.7% 421,253
1976 32.0% 239,000 66.3% 494,579
1972 43.4% 340,096 55.1% 431,736
1968 30.0% 254,153 61.8% 525,768
1964 26.2% 239,733 73.4% 670,645
1960 31.8% 291,000 68.0% 622,544

As of November 2007, there are 992,696 registered voters in Philadelphia.[51] List of mayors of Philadelphia, arranged chronologically. ... GOP redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Presidential election results map. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...

From the American Civil War until the mid-20th century, Philadelphia was a bastion of the Republican Party, which arose from the staunch pro-Northern views of Philadelphia residents during and after the war. After the Great Depression, Democratic registrations increased, but the city was not carried by Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt in his landslide victory of 1932 (in which Pennsylvania was one of the few states won by Republican Herbert Hoover). While other Northern industrial cities were electing Democratic mayors in the 1930s and 1940s, Philadelphia did not follow suit until 1951. That is, Philadelphia never had a "New Deal" coalition. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... GOP redirects here. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... GOP redirects here. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... FDR redirects here. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ...


The city is now one of the most Democratic in the country, despite the frequent election of Republicans to statewide offices since the 1930s; in 2004, Democrat John Kerry drew 80% of the city's vote. John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...


Philadelphia once comprised six congressional districts. However, as a result of the city's declining population, it now has only four: the 1st district, represented by Bob Brady; the 2nd, represented by Chaka Fattah; the 8th, represented by Patrick Murphy; and the 13th, represented by Allyson Schwartz. All four are Democrats; no Republican has represented a significant portion of Philadelphia since 1983. However, Pennsylvania's Republican Senator, Arlen Specter, is from Philadelphia. A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. ... Pennsylvanias first district includes primarily central and South Philadelphia, the City of Chester, the Philadelphia International Airport, and other small sections of Delaware County. ... For the economist, see Robert A. Brady (economist) Robert A. Bob Brady (b. ... Pennsylvanias second district includes West Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, Chestnut Hill and Cheltenham Township in Montgomery County The district has an overwhelming Democratic majority. ... Chaka Fattah, born Arthur Davenport (21 November 1956 in Philadelphia), has served as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1994, representing the 2nd congressional district of Pennsylvania (map), which includes North Philadelphia, West Philadelphia, a very small portion of Northeast Philadelphia and Cheltenham Township in... Map Pennsylvania District 8 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves Bucks County, along with a small portion of Montgomery County and northeast Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania. ... For the Iowa politician of the same name, see Pat Murphy (Iowa politician). ... The 13th Congressional District of Pennsylvania is located in Southeastern Pennsylvania covering eastern Montgomery County and Northeast Philadelphia. ... Allyson Y. Schwartz (born October 3, 1948) is a Democratic U.S. politician from the state of Pennsylvania, currently representing the states 13th Congressional district (map) in the U.S. House. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Arlen J. Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ...


Crime

Main article: Crime in Philadelphia

Like many American cities, Philadelphia saw a gradual yet pronounced rise in crime in the years following World War II. Murders peaked in 1990 at 525, for a rate of 31.5 per 100,000. There were an average of about 400 murders a year for most of the 1990s. The murder count dropped in 2002 to 288, then surged four years later to 406.[52] Out of the ten most populous cities in the United States in 2006, Philadelphia had the highest homicide rate at 28 per 100,000 people, and is on pace for a significantly worse year in 2007.[53] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


In 2004, there were 5,513.5 crimes per 100,000 people in Philadelphia.[54] In 2005, Philadelphia was ranked by Morgan Quitno as the sixth-most dangerous among 32 American cities with populations over 500,000. Among its neighboring Mid-Atlantic cities in the same population group, Baltimore and Washington, D.C. were ranked second- and third-most dangerous cities in the United States, respectively, and Camden, New Jersey, a suburb across the Delaware River from Philadelphia, was ranked as the most dangerous city in the United States.[55] Morgan Quitno Press is an research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In 2006, Camden was the fifth-most dangerous city in the country, lower than its 2004 ranking, but still high for a city its size, while Philadelphia was ranked 29th.[56]


On September 12, 2007, police commissioner Sylvester Johnson called on 10,000 African American men to patrol the streets to lessen crime. Johnson, who is black, set up "Call to Action: 10,000 Men, It's a New Day" in response to the city's disproportionate homicide rate of young African Americans. Dennis Muhammad, Nation of Islam official, and Mayor John F. Street supported the project. The program was to begin on October 21.[57] The call was seen as a response to a widespread refusal by many African-Americans in Philadelphia to cooperate in police investigations. is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The Nation of Islam (NOI) is a religious and social/political organization founded in the United States by Wallace Fard Muhammad in 1930 with the self-proclaimed goal of resurrecting the spiritual, mental, social, economic condition of the black man and woman of America and belief that God will bring... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Education

Education in Philadelphia is provided by many private and public institutions. The School District of Philadelphia runs the city's public schools. The Philadelphia School District is the eighth largest school district in the United States with 210,432 students in 346 public and charter schools.[58] Education in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is provided by many private and public institutions. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x541, 681 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x541, 681 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... This article is about the university in the United States. ... School District of Philadelphia logo The School District of Philadelphia is a school district based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that includes all public schools in the city of Philadelphia. ... The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ... School districts are a form of special-purpose district in the United States (amongst some other places) which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools. ...


Philadelphia is one of the largest college towns in the United States and has the second-largest student concentration on the East Coast with over 120,000 college and university students enrolled within the city and nearly 300,000 in the metropolitan area. There are over 80 colleges, universities, trade, and specialty schools in the Philadelphia region. Schools within the city's borders include University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, Temple University, Saint Joseph's University, Peirce College, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, The University of the Arts, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Thomas Jefferson University, Moore College of Art and Design, The Art Institute of Philadelphia, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, La Salle University, Philadelphia University, Chestnut Hill College, Holy Family University, and Community College of Philadelphia. In North America, a college town or university town is a community (often literally a town, but possibly a small or medium sized city, or in some cases a neighborhood or a district of a city) which is dominated by its university population. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... Drexel University is an institution of higher learning and research located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... For the private Christian university in Tennessee, see Tennessee Temple University. ... This article is about the university in the United States. ... Peirce College is an educational institution of higher learning located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which caters primarily to working adults. ... The University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, offers bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees in a variety of health-related disciplines, including pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Marketing and Management, pharmacology, physical therapy, biology, chemistry, toxicology, cell biology, biochemistry, medical technology, and bioinformatics. ... The University of the Arts (UArts) is the nation’s first and only university dedicated to the visual, performing and communication arts. ... The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts is the oldest art school in the United States, founded in Philadelphia in 1805. ... Thomas Jefferson University is an independent medical school, health professions and medical research institution. ... Moore College of Art & Design is over 155 years old. ... The Art Institute of Philadelphia is primarily located at 1622 Chestnut Avenue, however, they use several more buildings throughout the Center City District of Philadelphia, PA. They offer a wide variety of degrees in many different art programs taught by instructors who are experienced in specific art fields. ... Name Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Location Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Atlanta, Georgia Established January 24, 1899 Community Urban Type Private coeducational Classification Medical Enrollment 1,300 President Matthew Schure, PhD School Colors Burgundy and Gray Motto Mens et Manus (The Mind and the Hand) Quarterly PCOM Pulse Website www. ... La Salle University is a private, co-educational, comprehensive university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Named for St. ... Philadelphia University, founded in 1884, is a private university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Chestnut Hill College is a coeducational Catholic college in the Chestnut Hill section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. It was founded in 1924 as a womens college by the Sisters of Saint Joseph. ... Holy Family University is a fully accredited Catholic, private, co-educational, four year commuter University located in the Torresdale section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Infrastructure

30th Street Station, with Cira Centre in the background and statues on the Market Street Bridge over Schuylkill River in the foreground.
30th Street Station, with Cira Centre in the background and statues on the Market Street Bridge over Schuylkill River in the foreground.

Philadelphia is served by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, or SEPTA, which operates buses, trains, rapid transit, trolleys, and trackless trolleys throughout Philadelphia, the four Pennsylvania suburban counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery, in addition to service to Mercer County, New Jersey and New Castle County, Delaware. The city's subway system, first opened in 1907, is the third oldest in America. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1299x825, 344 KB) Summary taken by me, monday, jan 16, 2006, from the market street bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1299x825, 344 KB) Summary taken by me, monday, jan 16, 2006, from the market street bridge. ... South elevation of Cira Centre Cira Centre is a 28-story office building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania clad in reflective glass with a steel structure designed by César Pelli with Bower Lewis Thrower Architects as the local architects. ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... SEPTA redirects here. ... Autobus redirects here. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chester County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Delaware County (also known colloquially as Delco) is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... {{Infobox U.S. CoiirjhtfnEGEYWnfv state = New Jersey | seal = Mc-m f seal. ... New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. ...


One of the seven SEPTA Regional Rail lines, Route R-1, offers direct service to the Philadelphia International Airport. “PHL” redirects here. ...


Philadelphia's 30th Street Station is a major railroad station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, which offers access to Amtrak, SEPTA, and New Jersey Transit lines. 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit or NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ...


The PATCO provides rapid transit service to Camden, Collingswood, Westmont, Haddonfield, Woodcrest (Cherry Hill), Ashland (Voorhees), and Lindenwold, New Jersey, from stations on Locust Street between 16th and 15th, 13th and 12th, and 10th and 9th Streets, and on Market Street at 8th Street. A Philadelphia-bound PATCO train arrives at Woodcrest Station. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ... Motto: Its Where You Want To Be Location of Collingswood within Camden County, New Jersey. ... Haddon Township highlighted in Camden County Haddon Township is a Walsh Act township located in Camden County, New Jersey. ... Haddonfield redirects here. ... Cherry Hill highlighted in Camden County Cherry Hill Township is a township located in Camden County, New Jersey. ... Voorhees highlighted in Camden County Voorhees Township is a township located in Camden County, New Jersey. ... Lindenwold highlighted in Camden County Lindenwold is a borough located in Camden County, New Jersey. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In addition, China Airlines provides a private bus service to John F. Kennedy International Airport from the Holy Redeemer Church in the Philadelphia Chinatown to feed its flight to Taipei, Taiwan. [59]. Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... This article is about the city. ...


Airports

Two airports serve Philadelphia: the Philadelphia International Airport (PHL), straddling the southern boundary of the city, and the Northeast Philadelphia Airport (PNE), a general aviation reliever airport in Northeast Philadelphia. Philadelphia International Airport provides scheduled domestic and international air service, while Northeast Philadelphia Airport serves general and corporate aviation. As of March 2006, Philadelphia International Airport was the 10th largest airport measured by traffic movements, and was also a primary hub for US Airways.[60] “PHL” redirects here. ... Northeast Philadelphia Airport (IATA: PNE, ICAO: KPNE) is a public airport located just north the intersection of Grant Avenue and Ashton Road in the Ashton-Woodenbridge neighborhood of Northeast Philadelphia. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ... US Airways is a low-cost carrier[2][3] owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ...


Roads

The Schuylkill Expressway, approaching Center City from the North.
The Schuylkill Expressway, approaching Center City from the North.

Interstate 95 runs through the city along the Delaware River as a main north-south artery. The city is also served by the Schuylkill Expressway, a portion of Interstate 76 that runs along the Schuylkill River. It meets the Pennsylvania Turnpike at King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, providing access to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and points west. Interstate 676, the Vine Street Expressway, was completed in 1991 after years of planning. A link between I-95 and I-76, it runs below street level through Center City, connecting to the Ben Franklin Bridge at its eastern end. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (975 × 648 pixel, file size: 812 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Own Work Ed Yakovich http://www. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (975 × 648 pixel, file size: 812 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Own Work Ed Yakovich http://www. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Schuylkill Expressway The Schuylkill Expressway, locally known simply as the Schuylkill,[2] is a freeway through southeastern Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia, and the easternmost segment of Interstate 76 in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Center City District, highlighted on a map of Philadelphia County. ... Interstate 95 is a major interstate highway that traverses the full extent of the East Coast of the United States, from Maine to Florida. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Schuylkill Expressway The Schuylkill Expressway, locally known simply as the Schuylkill,[2] is a freeway through southeastern Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia, and the easternmost segment of Interstate 76 in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Interstate 76 (abbreviated I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United States, running 435 miles (700 km) from an interchange with Interstate 71 west of Akron, Ohio east to Interstate 295 near Camden, New Jersey. ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... This Pennsylvania state route article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject Pennsylvania State Highways. ... King of Prussia is an unincorporated community in Upper Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... This article is about the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 676 Interstate 676 (abbreviated I-676) is an interstate highway that serves as a major thoroughfare through Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where it is known as the Vine Street Expressway, and Camden, New Jersey, where it is known as the northern segment of the North... Interstate 676 is an interstate highway that serves as a major thoroughfare through Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Camden, New Jersey. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Buildings and structures stubs | Toll bridges in New Jersey | Toll bridges in Pennsylvania | Suspension bridges ...


Roosevelt Boulevard and the Roosevelt Expressway (U.S. Route 1) connect Northeast Philadelphia with Center City. The Woodhaven Road (PA Route 63), built in 1966, serves the neighborhoods of Northeast Philadelphia, running between Interstate 95 and the Roosevelt Boulevard (U.S. Route 1). The Fort Washington Expressway (Pennsylvania Route 309) extends north from the city's northern border, serving Montgomery County and Bucks County Roosevelt Boulevard at Rhawn Street, looking north toward Pennypack Circle Roosevelt Boulevard (official name, Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Boulevard), often referred to simply as the Boulevard,[1] is a major traffic artery through North and Northeast Philadelphia. ... The Roosevelt Expressway is a limited-access extension of Roosevelt Boulevard in Philadelphia. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: U.S. Route 1 U.S. Route 1 (also called U.S. Highway 1, and abbreviated US 1) is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ... Pennsylvania Route 63 is a 37 mile long state highway located in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ... Interstate 95 is a major interstate highway that traverses the full extent of the East Coast of the United States, from Maine to Florida. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: U.S. Route 1 U.S. Route 1 (also called U.S. Highway 1, and abbreviated US 1) is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... PA Route 309 is a highway which runs for 132 miles (212 km) through Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Interstate 476, commonly nicknamed the "Blue Route" through Delaware County, Pennsylvania, bypasses the city to the west, serving the city's western suburbs, as well as providing a link to Allentown and points north. Similarly, Interstate 276, the Pennsylvania Turnpike's Delaware River Extension, acts as a bypass and commuter route to the north of the city as well as a link to the New Jersey Turnpike to New York. It has been suggested that The North Eastern Extension be merged into this article or section. ... Delaware County is the name of a number of counties in the United States of America: Delaware County, Indiana Delaware County, Iowa Delaware County, New York Delaware County, Ohio Delaware County, Oklahoma Delaware County, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Nickname: Motto: Sic Semper Tyrannis Pennsylvanias location in the United States Allentowns location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Lehigh Founded 1762 Government  - Mayor Ed Pawlowski Area  - City  18. ... Interstate 276 (abbreviated I-276) is a segment of the Pennsylvania Turnpike running from Interstate 76 in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania to the Delaware River, where it connects with the New Jersey Turnpike extension. ... This article is about the modern freeway. ... This article is about the state. ...


However, other planned freeways have been canceled, such as an Interstate 695 running southwest from downtown, two freeways connecting Interstate 95 to Interstate 76 that would have replaced Girard Avenue and South Street and a freeway upgrade of Roosevelt Boulevard. For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... Interstate 695 was a proposed three-digit Interstate Highway that would connect Interstate 95 in Southwest Philadelphia, at the Philadelphia International Airport, with I-95 near the Delaware River waterfront near the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. ... Interstate 95 is a major interstate highway that traverses the full extent of the East Coast of the United States, from Maine to Florida. ... Interstate 76 (abbreviated I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United States, running 435 miles (700 km) from an interchange with Interstate 71 west of Akron, Ohio east to Interstate 295 near Camden, New Jersey. ... Roosevelt Boulevard, or the Boulevard as it is normally called, is a major traffic artery that connects Center City Philadelphia (Downtown) with the Northeast section. ...


The Delaware River Port Authority operates four bridges in the Philadelphia area across the Delaware River to New Jersey: the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76), the Benjamin Franklin Bridge (I-676 and US 30), the Betsy Ross Bridge (Route 90), and the Commodore Barry Bridge (US 322). The Tacony-Palmyra Bridge connects PA Route 73 in the Tacony section of Northeast Philadelphia with New Jersey's Route 73 in Palmyra, Camden County, and is maintained by the Burlington County Bridge Commission. The Delaware River Port Authority or DRPA is a bi-state government agency of the State of New Jersey and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Walt Whitman Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Delaware River from Philadelphia to Gloucester City, New Jersey. ... The Benjamin Franklin Bridge (also known simply as the Ben Franklin Bridge), originally named the Delaware River Bridge, is a suspension bridge across the Delaware River connecting Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Camden, New Jersey. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... The Betsy Ross Bridge is a truss bridge spanning the Delaware River from Philadelphia to Pennsauken, New Jersey. ... Route 90 is a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... The Commodore Barry Bridge is a cantilever bridge that spans the Delaware River from Chester, Pennsylvania to Bridgeport, New Jersey, USA. It is named after the American Revolutionary War hero and Philadelphia resident, John Barry. ... U.S. Highway 322 is a spur of U.S. Highway 22. ... The Tacony-Palmyra Bridge is an arch bridge with a double drawbridge connecting Route 73 in Palmyra, New Jersey to the Tacony section of Philadelphia. ... Pennsylvania State Route 73 is a designation given to several roads in the Philadelphia area. ... Map of Philadelphia County with Northeast Highlighted. ... Route 73 is a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Palmyra highlighted in Burlington County. ... Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... The Burlington County Bridge Commission was a private agency created in 1948 by the Burlington County Freeholders to purchase and manage several bridges in Burlington County, New Jersey. ...


Philadelphia is also a major hub for Greyhound Lines, which operates 24-hour service to points east of the Mississippi River. Most of Greyhound's services in Philadelphia operate to/from the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal, located at 1001 Filbert Street in Center City Philadelphia. In 2006, the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal was the second busiest Greyhound terminal in the United States, after the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York. Besides Greyhound, six other bus operators provide service to the Center City Greyhound terminal. These are Bieber Tourways, Capitol Trailways, Martz Trailways, Peter Pan Bus Lines, Susquehanna Trailways, and the bus division for New Jersey Transit. This article is about the US bus line. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal is the primary intercity bus station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Port Authority Bus Terminal at Eighth Avenue and 42nd Street The Port Authority Bus Terminal is the main gateway for interstate buses into Manhattan in New York City. ... Peter Pan Bus Lines is a long-distance bus carrier that operates in the northeastern states of the United States. ... New Jersey Transit Bus Operations, Inc. ...

Suburban Station
Suburban Station
Market-Frankford Line entrance in Old City
Market-Frankford Line entrance in Old City

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x885, 167 KB) Description: East facade of Suburban Station in Philadelphia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x885, 167 KB) Description: East facade of Suburban Station in Philadelphia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 466 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1131 × 1456 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 466 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1131 × 1456 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Rail

Since the early days of rail transport in the United States, Philadelphia has served as hub for several major rail companies, especially the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Railroad. The Pennsylvania Railroad first operated Broad Street Station, then 30th Street Station and Suburban Station, and the Reading Railroad operated out of Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania Convention Center. The two companies also operated competing commuter rail systems in the area, known collectively as the Regional Rail system. The two systems today, for the most part still intact but now connected, operate as a single system under the control of the SEPTA, the regional transit authority. Additionally, Philadelphia is linked to Southern New Jersey via the Port Authority Transit Company subway system. Early railroads that became part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system Philadelphia was an early railroad hub, with lines from all over meeting in Philadelphia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Categories: Rail stubs | Philadelphia and Reading Railroad ... Broad Street Station was built in 1881 and served as Philadelphia, Pennsylvanias primary rail hub until the Pennsylvania Railroad completed 30th Street Station in 1933. ... 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Suburban Station Suburban Station is an underground commuter rail station located on John F Kennedy Boulevard between 16th and 17th Streets. ... Reading Terminal Headhouse The Reading Terminal is a complex located in the Market East section of Center City in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Pennsylvania Convention Center is a multi-use public facility designed to accomodate conventions, exhibitions, conferences and other events. ... SEPTA redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... PATCO can stand for: Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization Port Authority Transit Corporation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Philadelphia is one of the few North American cities to maintain streetcar lines. In addition to "subway-surface" trolleys, which are so called because during the years when the city was served by over 2000 trolleys and more than 65 lines, these were the "surface" cars that ran also in the streetcar subway, the city recently reintroduced trolley service to the Girard Avenue Line, Route 15, considered by some a "heritage" line, although the use of rebuilt 1947 PCC streetcars was primarily for budgetary reasons, rather than as a historic tribute. a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... The SEPTA Route 15 is a heritage streetcar line, operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA), serving North and West Philadelphia. ... A Twin City Rapid Transit PCC streetcar in museum operation. ...


Today Philadelphia is a hub of the semi-nationalized Amtrak system, with 30th Street Station being a primary stop on the Washington-Boston Northeast Corridor and the Keystone Corridor to Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 30th Street also serves as a major station for services via the Pennsylvania Railroad's former Pennsylvania Main Line to Chicago. 30th Street is Amtrak's third-busiest station in numbers of passengers as of fiscal year 2003. It is also a terminus of New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line.[61] The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... For details about the Amtrak-owned piece, see Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line. ... This article is about the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Main Line redirects here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit or NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... An eastbound train crosses the Cooper River near Cherry Hill, NJ. The Atlantic City Line is run by New Jersey Transit between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, New Jersey. ...


Telecommunications

Southeastern Pennsylvania was once served only by the 215 area code, beginning in 1947 when the North American Numbering Plan of the "Bell System" went into effect. The area covered by the code was severely truncated when area code 610 was split from 215. Today only the city and its northern suburbs are covered by 215. An overlay area code, 267, was added to the 215 service area in 1997. A plan to introduce area code 445 as an additional overlay in 2001 was delayed and later rescinded.[62] Nickname: City of Brotherly Love Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Official website: http://www. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... NANPA redirects here. ... The Bell System was a trademark and service mark used by the United States telecommunications company American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) and its affiliated companies to co-brand their extensive circuit-switched telephone network and their affiliations with each other. ... Area codes 484, 610 and 835 are Commonwealth of Pennsylvania telephone area codes which serve the Southeast region of the state including the cities of Allentown and Bethlehem. ... An area code overlay is done by telephone companies, usually with the approval of government regulators, to increase the number of available phone numbers in a province, state or region. ... Area code 445 is the telephone area code serving Pennsylvania. ...


Philadelphia is now also served by Wireless Philadelphia, a citywide initiative to provide Wi-Fi service. The Proof of Concept area was approved on May 23, 2007, and service is now available in many areas of the city. Wi-Fi (IPA: ) is the common name for a popular wireless technology used in home networks, mobile phones, video games and more. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Sister cities

Philadelphia has ten sister cities, as designated by the International Visitors Council of Philadelphia (IVC): Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Philadelphia has dedicated landmarks to its sister cities. Dedicated in June 1976, the Sister Cities Plaza, a one-half-acre site located at 18th and Benjamin Franklin Parkway, honors Philadelphia's relationships with Tel-Aviv, Israel and Florence, Italy, which were its first Sister Cities. Another landmark, the Torun Triangle, honoring the Sister City relationship with Toruń, Poland, was constructed in 1976, west of the United Way building at 18th Street and the Benjamin Franklin Parkway. The Triangle contains the Copernicus monument. The Chinatown Gate, erected in 1984 and crafted by artisans of Tianjin, China, stands astride the intersection of 10th and Arch Streets as an elaborate and colorful symbol of the Sister City relationship. Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in central Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria to the east, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Motto: Durabo (Latin: I will last) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship County city county Established 13th century City rights 1233 Government  - Mayor MichaÅ‚ Zaleski Area  - City 115. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Inchon redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... A littoral is the region near the shoreline of a body of fresh or salt water. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: ), colloquially shortened as Nizhny, is the fourth largest city in Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... “Abruzzi” redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Tel Aviv at night Dizengof Center Allenby Street Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew תל אביב-יפו; Arabic تل ابيب-يافا Tal Abīb-Yāfā) is an Israeli city on the coast of the Mediterranean sea. ... Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ... Motto: Durabo (Latin: I will last) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship County city county Established 13th century City rights 1233 Government  - Mayor MichaÅ‚ Zaleski Area  - City 115. ... The United Way of America is a coalition of charitable organizations in the United States that have traditionally pooled efforts in fundraising. ... Tianjin (Chinese: 天津; pinyin: tiān jīn; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is a harbour municipality in China on the Hai He River (from Beijing) and Bohai Gulf of the Yellow Sea (Pacific Ocean). ...


See also

The City of Philadelphia will hold Primary elections for the Democratic and Republican Parties on Tuesday, May 15, 2007. ... This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas in the Americas. ... Pennsylvania Dutch Country refers to an area of southeastern Pennsylvania that has a high percentage of Amish, Mennonite and Fancy Dutch inhabitants and where the Pennsylvania German language was historically common. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...

References

  1. ^ 2005 listing of population estimates of U.S. cities by the United States Census Bureau Retrieved on October 8, 2006.
  2. ^ Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. People and Places. National Geographic. Retrieved on September 21, 2007.
  3. ^ Brookes, Karin; John Gattuso, Lou Harry, Edward Jardim, Donald Kraybill, Susan Lewis, Dave Nelson and Carol Turkington (2005). in Zoë Ross: Insight Guides: Philadelphia and Surroundings, Second Edition (Updated), APA Publications, page 21. ISBN 1585730262. 
  4. ^ Weigley RF et al (eds) (1982). Philadelphia: A 300-Year History. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, pages 4 - 5. ISBN 0-393-01610-2. 
  5. ^ Avery, Ron (1999). A Concise History of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Otis Books, page 19. ISBN 0-9658825-1-9. 
  6. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 7, 14 - 16
  7. ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia and Surroundings, pages 24 - 25
  8. ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia and Surroundings, pages 30 - 33
  9. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 214, 218, 428 - 429
  10. ^ A Brief History of Philadelphia. Philadelphia History. ushistory.org. Retrieved on December 14, 2006.
  11. ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia and Surroundings, pages 38 - 39
  12. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 535, 537
  13. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 563 - 564
  14. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 578 - 581
  15. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 669 - 670
  16. ^ A Concise History of Philadelphia, pages 75 - 76
  17. ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia and Surroundings, pages 44 - 45
  18. ^ A Concise History of Philadelphia, page 78
  19. ^ USGS Geography: The National Map. Retrieved on December 17, 2007. (Example coordinates of high point: Latitude: 40° 04' 37, Longitude: -75° 12' 29.)
  20. ^ Average Days of Precipitation, .01 Inches or more. Retrieved on 2006-07-28.
  21. ^ Philadelphia Record Highs and Lows. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  22. ^ Climate Information for Philadelphia – Pennsylvania – Mid-Atlantic – United States – Climate Zone:. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  23. ^ Philadelphia Record Highs and Lows. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  24. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America (English). Weatherbase (2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
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  26. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, page 11, 41, 174 - 175, 252 - 253
  27. ^ Holcomb, Henry J. (June 18 2007). "Comcast Center topped off". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 
  28. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, page 251
  29. ^ Aitken, Joanne (June 3 - 19, 2004). "Breaking Ground". Philadelphia City Paper. 
  30. ^ Mark Alan Hughes (June 1, 2000). Dirt Into Dollars; Converting Vacant Land Into Valuable Development. Retrieved on 2007-07-24.
  31. ^ Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State (Pennsylvania) (PDF). National Park Service (March 2004). Retrieved on August 8, 2006.
  32. ^ a b Weeks, Jerome (August 4 2006). Philly goes the distance. The Dallas Morning News. 
  33. ^ Public Art. Greater Philadelphia Tourism Marketing Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.
  34. ^ Aitken, Joanne (September 2 - 8 2004). Forget Paris. City paper. 
  35. ^ Wetenhall, John. About A Brief History of Percent-For-Art in America (PDF). Public Art Review. Retrieved on 2006-09-24.
  36. ^ Office of Art and Culture. Phila.gov. Retrieved on 2006-09-24.
  37. ^ Mural Arts Program About page. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  38. ^ Rodney Kim (July 2, 2005). Live 8 Philadelphia Review. Retrieved on 2007-04-24.
  39. ^ {{"Guns n' Roses performance of "Welcome to the Jungle," Philadelphia Spectrum, June 13, 1991.
  40. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/page2/story?page=paolantonio/tortured_philadelphia
  41. ^ http://www.citymayors.com/statistics/richest-cities-2005.html
  42. ^ Clymer, p.176.
  43. ^ Wilkinson, Gerry. The History of the Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Press Association. Retrieved on 2006-07-20.
  44. ^ a b Bishop, Todd (January 7 2000). The Media: One revolution after another. Philadelphia Business Journal. 
  45. ^ Ogden, Christopher (1999). Legacy: A Biography of Moses and Walter Annenberg. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-63379-8. 
  46. ^ Philadelphia Firsts 1681-1899, ushistory.org
  47. ^ Philadelphia Firsts, about.com
  48. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
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  50. ^ Philadelphia Housing Authority
  51. ^ Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Voter Registration Statistics, Nov. 2007PDF (10.6 KiB)
  52. ^ Bewley, Joel; Jan Hefler (December 11 2006). "Four killings put 2006 total over '05 top". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 
  53. ^ The bodies fell, and the numbers rose.
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  55. ^ Rankings by Population Group (Top 10/Bottom 10). Morgan Quitno Awards. Retrieved on 2006-12-11.
  56. ^ Death & taxes in Philadelphia. Retrieved on 2007-04-02.
  57. ^ nydailynews.com, Black men urged to help Philadelphia police to reduce crime
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  59. ^ "Complimentary Bus Service Provided To/From JFK International Airport Terminal One," China Airlines
  60. ^ Airports Council International
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  62. ^ PA 445 Implementation for 215/267 NPA Rescinded — 445 NPA Code ReclaimedPDF (64.5 KiB)

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... W. W. Norton & Company is an American book publishing company that has remained independent since its founding. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

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Philadelphia PA | Hotels | Restaurants | Philadelphia Real Estate (495 words)
Urban and urbane, Philadelphia is a rich mix of traditions, races and immigrant cultures, as well as home to an exciting collection of cultural, culinary and recreational amenities that only a city of Philadelphia's heritage can provide.
The Philadelphia area provides a wide range of housing options, from modern apartments to converted lofts and historic townhouses in established residential ethnic neighborhoods that weave a tapestry of sounds, sights and tastes.
From the sweet soul of the Philadelphia sound to Afro-Caribbean and Latin rhythms and contemporary dance clubs, Philadelphia is home to a thriving music scene.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4796 words)
Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as "Philly" or "the City of Brotherly Love") is the fifth most populous city in the United States and the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, both in area and population.
Philadelphia is also one of the largest college/university towns in the United States with over 120,000 students studying within the city limits alone and nearly 300,000 total college and university students in the metropolitan area.
Philadelphia served as the temporary capital for a decade, until 1800, when the Capitol building in the new Federal city of Washington, DC was opened.
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