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Encyclopedia > Phil Fontaine

Larry Phillip (Phil) Fontaine, OM, (born September 20, 1944) is an Aboriginal Canadian leader. He is currently serving his third term as National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Aboriginal people in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ... The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is a body of Aboriginal leaders in Canada. ...

Fontaine was born at the Sagkeeng First Nation on the Fort Alexander Reserve in Manitoba, Canada, about 150 kilometers north of Winnipeg, Manitoba. His first language is Ojibway. In his youth he attended a residential school operated by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate at Sagkeeng. He also attended the Assiniboia Residential School in Winnipeg and he graduated from Powerview Collegiate in 1961. The Sagkeeng First Nation is an Anishinaabe First Nation which holds territory east of Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba, Canada. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Glorious and free) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Lieutenant Governor John Harvard Area 647,797 km² (8th)  - Land 553,556 km²  - Water 64,241 km² (14. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ... The term residential school generally refers to any school at which students live in addition to attending classes. ...

In 1973, Fontaine was elected Chief of the Sagkeeng community for two consecutive terms. Upon completion of his mandate, he and his family moved to the Yukon territory where he was the Regional Director General with the Canadian government. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

In 1981 Fontaine graduated from the University of Manitoba with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Studies. After graduation, he worked for the Southeast Resource Development Council as a Special Advisor to the Tribal Council, which was followed by his election to the position of Manitoba’s Vice Chief for the Assembly of First Nations. Fontaine was one of the Manitoba First Nation leaders who led the opposition of the Meech Lake Accord. The University of Manitoba is the largest university of the province of Manitoba, most comprehensive and only research-intensive post-secondary educational institution. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the provincial premiers, including Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ...

In 1991, he was elected Grand Chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and served for three consecutive terms.

In 1997 he was elected National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations for the first time.

Following his first term as National Chief, Fontaine was appointed Chief Commissioner of the Indian Claims Commission. Under his term the land claim of the Kahkewistahaw First Nation was resolved, resulting in a $94.6 million agreement for the Saskatchewan band. Fontaine resigned from the ICC in 2003 in order to run for National Chief once again.

In July 2003, Fontaine was elected to his second term as National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. He ran again and was re-elected in July 2006 with almost 76 per cent of the vote, defeating Bill Wilson of British Columbia. [1] In his third term, Fontaine says that he will attempt to bring the $5 billion Kelowna Accord negotiated in 2005 with the Liberal government of Paul Martin back to the table. The deal, aimed at improving living conditions and education for aboriginal people, was cancelled by the Conservative government of Stephen Harper. The Kelowna Accord (sometimes referred to as the Kelowna Accords) is a series of agreements between the Canadian government under (now former) Prime Minister Paul Martin and the leaders of many Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ...

In 2005, Fontaine successfully negotiated the $2.2 billion Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. The IRSSA, which includes a Truth and Reconciliation Commission, was ratified by the newly elected federal Conservative government in May, 2006. In June, 2007, Fontaine, Prime Minister Harper, and Indian Affairs Minister Prentice announced a process to establish an independent tribunal to adjudicate Specific Land Claims.

Phil Fontaine has two children, Mike Fontaine and Maya Fontaine and five grandchildren. His nephew Jerry Fontaine served as chief of the Sagkeeng Nation from 1989 to 1998, and was a prominent aboriginal leader in Manitoba. Jerry Fontaine is a Manitoba politician and former chief of the Sagkeeng band council. ...

Awards and Honorary Degrees

Preceded by
Ovide Mercredi
National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations
1997 - 2000
Succeeded by
Matthew Coon Come
Preceded by
Matthew Coon Come
National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations
2003 - present
Succeeded by

The National Aboriginal Achievement Awards are annual awards presented by the National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation in Canada. ... The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), is the military academy of the Canadian Forces and is a full degree-granting university. ... Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... The Order of Manitoba, established in 1999, is the highest honour of the Province of Manitoba. ... Lakehead University is situated at the head of Lake Superior in Thunder Bay, Ontario. ... The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is a body of Aboriginal leaders in Canada. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Matthew Coon Come (born near Mistissini, Quebec, in 1956) is a Canadian politician and activist of Cree descent. ... Matthew Coon Come (born near Mistissini, Quebec, in 1956) is a Canadian politician and activist of Cree descent. ... The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is a body of Aboriginal leaders in Canada. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Assembly of First Nations
  • Biography of Phil Fontaine
  • CBC Digital Archives – Phil Fontaine: Native diplomat and dealmaker

Video Links

  • Phil on The Hour



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