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Encyclopedia > Pharmaceutics

Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with all facets of the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) into a medication able to be safely and effectively used by patients in the community. Pharmaceutics is the science of dosage form design. There are many chemicals with known pharmacological properties but a raw chemical is of no use to a patient. Pharmaceutics deals with the formulation of a pure drug substance into a dosage form such as a For other uses, see Pharmacy (disambiguation). ... According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, a new chemical entity means a drug that contains no active moiety that has been approved by FDA in any other application submitted under section 505(b) of the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmakos (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how substances interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ...

et cetera. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The word capsule (from the Latin capsula, a small box), has many similar meanings in English: In botany, a capsule is a type of dry fruit as in the poppy, iris, foxglove, etc. ... In the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, encapsulation refers to a range of techniques used to enclose medicines in a relatively stable shell, allowing them to, for example, be taken orally or be used as suppositories. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Four 500mg acetaminophen/paracetamol suppositories A suppository is a medicine that is inserted either into the rectum (rectal suppository) or into the vagina (vaginal suppository) where it melts. ... An injection is a method of putting liquid into the body with a hollow needle and a syringe which is pierced through the skin long enough for the material to be forced into the body. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Cans of cream. ... An ointment is a viscous semisolid preparation used topically on a variety of body surfaces. ... Eye drops are saline-containing drops used as a vector to administer medication in the eye. ... Ear drops are a form of medicine used to treat or prevent ear infections, especially infections of the outer ear and ear canal (Otitis externa). ... Nasal sprays are used for the nasal delivery of a drug or drugs, generally to alleviate cold or allergy symptoms. ... A 21mg dose Nicoderm CQ patch applied to the right arm A transdermal patch or skin patch is a medicated adhesive patch that is placed on the skin to deliver a time released dose of medication through the skin and into the bloodstream. ... A. Two immisicible liquids, not emulsified; B. An emulsion of Phase B dispersed in Phase A; C. The unstable emulsion progressively separates; D. The surfactant (purple outline) positions itself on the interfaces between Phase A and Phase B, stabilizing the emulsion An emulsion is a mixture of two immiscible (unblendable... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mixture. ... Dispersion can mean any of several things: A phenomenon that causes the separation of a wave into components of varying frequency. ... Dissolving table salt (NaCl) in water This article is about a chemical solution; for other uses of the term solution, see solution (disambiguation). ... The term implant has different meanings: in Scientology, see Implant (Scientology) in medicine, see prosthesis This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A lotion is a low- to medium-viscosity medicated or non-medicated topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin. ... For the insert keyword in SQL language, see insert (SQL) In film, an insert is a shot of part of a scene as filmed from a different angle and/or focal length from the master shot. ... Powder is a substance that has been crushed into very fine grains. ... A gel is an apparently solid, jellylike material formed from a colloidal solution. ... This article is in need of attention. ...

Branches of pharmaceutics include:

Pharmacokinetics (in Greek: pharmacon meaning drug, and kinetikos meaning putting in motion) is a branch of pharmacology dedicated to the determination of the fate of substances administered externally to a living organism. ... Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and the mechanisms of drug action and the relationship between drug concentration and effect. ... Pharmacogenomics is the branch of pharmaceutics which deals with the influence of genetic variation on drug response in patients by correlating gene expression or single-nucleotide polymorphisms with a drugs efficacy or toxicity. ... Pharmaceutical formulation, in pharmaceutics, is the process in which different chemical substances are combined to a pure drug substance to produce a final medicinal product. ... Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy which deals with all facets of the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) into a medication able to be safely and effectively used by patients in the community. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Pharmaceutical Business Review - Industry News, Information, Research (548 words)
Panacea Pharmaceuticals has announced that CC Detect, the company's serum- based colon cancer diagnostic test, is now available from Panacea Laboratories.
BioMarin Pharmaceutical has reported that AnGes MG, BioMarin's marketing and distribution partner in Japan, has submitted a biologics license application for Naglazyme to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.
Generic pharmaceutical firm Mylan has priced its concurrent public offerings of 1.86 million shares of 6.50% mandatory convertible preferred stock at $1,000 per share, and 53.5 million shares of common stock at $14 per share, pursuant to a shelf registration statement previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Unit-dose Packaging - More regulations may not be necessary - Pharmaceutical International (789 words)
Most efforts to get pharmaceutical companies to convert from bulk or multiple-dose packaging to unit-dose packaging have involved government requirements, like when FDA started requiring unit-dose packaging for iron tablets to minimize the likelihood of an overdose.
But if a pharmaceutical company is shown the benefits it could reap by putting more products in unit-dose packaging, and it is left to make its own decision, the unit-dose format might gain more acceptance.
Dufour and his colleagues understand that pharmaceutical companies may be more likely to respond to reason than to compulsion.
  More results at FactBites »



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