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Encyclopedia > Pfennig

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S/.R$$ • ₮ • ¥ • zł • Note: This article contains special characters. ... The currency sign (¤) is the character used by any societies when the symbol for their own currency is unavailable. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... The cedi is the unit of currency of Ghana. ... ¢ c A United States cent, or 1¢ or a penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals 1/100 of various countries basic monetary units. ... Cifrão on 2. ... The colón is the currency of two Central American nations: Costa Rica (ISO 4217 three-letter currency code: CRC) see Costa Rican colón El Salvador (ISO 4217: SVC) – since 2001 used in parallel with the United States dollar; see dollarization, El Salvador colón. ... For other uses, see balboa. ... ISO 4217 Code VND User(s) Vietnam Inflation 7. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... Æ’ The florin sign (Æ’) is a symbol that is used for the currencies florin, also called a gulden and guilder. ... The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; ISO 4217 code PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay. ... Kip is the currency of Laos. ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... The Maltese lira, known in the Maltese language as the Lira Maltija, is the currency of Malta. ... The mill or mille(â‚¥) (sometimes mil in the UK) is an abstract unit of currency. ... naira sign The naira is the currency of Nigeria. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code BWP User(s) Botswana Inflation 10. ... ISO 4217 Code ZAR User(s) Common Monetary Area: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland Inflation 5. ... ISO 4217 Code SKK User(s) Slovakia Inflation 2. ... It has been suggested that History of the rupee be merged into this article or section. ... ISO 4217 Code BDT User(s) Bangladesh Inflation 7% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... ISO 4217 Code PEN User(s) Peru Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code BDT User(s) Bangladesh Inflation 7% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... ISO 4217 Code BRL User(s) Brazil Inflation 3. ... $ redirects here. ... ISO 4217 Code MNT User(s) Mongolia Inflation 9. ... â‚© The won sign (â‚©) is a symbol that is used for the currencies: North Korean won South Korean won Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop Categories: | ... Â¥ Â¥9 Chinese price sticker Â¥ is a currency sign used for the following currencies: Chinese yuan (CNY) Japanese yen (JPY) The base unit of the two currencies above share the same Chinese character (圓/å…ƒ/円), pronounced yuan in Mandarin Chinese and en in Standard Japanese. ... ISO 4217 Code PLN User(s) Poland Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code UAH User(s) Ukraine Inflation 11. ... ₪ ₪ is a currency sign that is used for the Israeli new sheqel currency which replaced the Israeli sheqel in 1985. ...


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10 Pfennig iron coin 1917 German Empire
10 Pfennig iron coin 1917 German Empire
5 Pfennig iron coin 1915 German Empire
5 Pfennig iron coin 1915 German Empire
1 Pfennig coin 1950 Deutschland
1 Pfennig coin 1950 Deutschland
1918 25 pfennig iron coin German Empire. The word on the top means "wartime money".

The Pfennig (abbreviation Pf) is an old German coin, which existed from the 9th century till the introduction of the euro in 2002. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 420 pixelsFull resolution‎ (4,220 × 2,216 pixels, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 420 pixelsFull resolution‎ (4,220 × 2,216 pixels, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 416 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,616 × 1,880 pixels, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 416 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,616 × 1,880 pixels, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links 1918 25 pfennig. ... Image File history File links 1918 25 pfennig. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


While a valuable coin during the Middle Ages, it lost its value through the years and was the minor coin of the Mark in the German Reich, the FRG and the GDR. The word mark (from an apparently non-Teutonic word found in all Teutonic and Romance languages, and Latinized as marca or marcus) originally expressed a measure of weight only for gold and silver, commonly used throughout western Europe and equivalent to 8 oz (ounces). ...


Before 1948, when the German currency was still the RM (Reichsmark) there was a special sign for the pfennig: (U+20B0, decimal 8368). Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... User(s) Germany Subunit 1/100 Reichspfennig Symbol RM Reichspfennig Rpf. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ...

Contents

Etymology

The British Penny is etymologically related to the 'Pfennig', which was also model for the Finnish Penni (1860-2001), the Polish fenig (1917-1918) and the Fening of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1998-today). For the NBA basketball player with the nickname see Penny Hardaway A variety of low value coins, including an Irish 2p piece and many U.S. pennies. ... 10 mark banknote of 1917 A rare example of a 1-mark note printed in 1919, when the name of the newly-recreated Poland was still not certain and was hence called the Polish state 100 marks of 1919 10 and 20 Marks from 1919 The marka (Marka polska, abbreviated...


The etymology of the Pfennig is not completely clear, but seems to rely on the way coins were minted during the Middle Ages: the base material were thin flat metal discs. The value was embossed from one side, creating a pan (German Pfanne) -like coin.


In some pre-German countries (like Prussia and Bavaria), coins had similar but different names, as Pfenning, Penning, Pending, Pfanding and Penny. This was for better handling due to different currencies (of different states within the Deutscher Bund) used simultaneously.


History

In the 9th century, Charlemagne declared that 240 Pfennigs should be minted from a pound of silver. A single coin thus contained 1.5 to 2 grams of silver. Until the 13th century, the pfennig was really silver, so it had high value. In the 12th century, the King could no longer enforce the regalia to mint coins, so many towns and local lords made their own coins, mostly from less valuable metals and using less metal per coin, so different Pfennigs had different values. Some renowned coins are the Haller Pfennig, some centuries later called Heller and minted throughout the country, and the Kreuzer (from 'Kreuz', the cross minted on the coins). In the late 17th century the Pfennigs had lost most of their value. The last Pfennig coins containing traces of silver are rarities minted in 1805. Charlemagne (left) and Pippin the Hunchback. ... Halle is the name of two cities in Germany, and both a municipality and a town in Belgium. ... The heller, or haller was a German coin valued at half a pfennig named after city of Hall (today Schwäbisch Hall). ...


The Goldmark, introduced in 1873 as currency of the newly founded German Reich, was parted as 1 Mark = 100 Pfennigs. This partition was retained through all German currencies until 2001. The last German one- and two-Pfennig coins were steel with a copper coating, the five- and ten-Pfennig coins were steel with a brass coating. The latter was called Groschen. All four coins had their value imprinted on the obverse and oak on the reverse.


The coins of the Mark Of The GDR were made of aluminum, except for the 20 Pfennigs coin, which was made of an aluminum copper alloy.


The Pfennig and the euro

After the introduction of the euro, some Germans (mainly the elderly) tend to use the term Pfennig instead of cent for the copper-colored coins (and the term Groschen for the 10-cent-coin). As the term 'cent' only is the English term for a hundredth part,France as preserver of the Francophonie prevented the standardization of 'cent', so using other names such as centime, centesimo, céntimo or even Pfennig, is not officially prohibited. Motto Égalité, Complémentarité, Solidarité Members and participants of La Francophonie. ... Centime is French for cent, and is used in English as the name of the fraction currency in several Francophone countries (including Switzerland and formerly France), where it is one hundredth of a franc. ... Centesimo (plural centesimi) is an Italian word derived from the Latin centesimus meaning hundredth. It was one hundredth of currencies named lira. ... The céntimo was a currency unit of Spain and other countries which were historically influenced by Spain. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The D. Pfennig Lab - Kin Selection (609 words)
Pfennig, D. Cannibalistic tadpoles that pose the greatest threat to kin are most likely to discriminate kin.
Pfennig, D. and Collins, J. Kinship affects morphogenesis in cannibalistic salamanders.
In addition, tadpoles are more likely to express the carnivore phenotype when reared with nonkin than when reared with kin, indicating that kinship environment affects morphological development as well (Pfennig and Collins 1993; Pfennig and Frankino 1997).
Pfennig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (143 words)
The pfennig is a small coin and the minor unit of the German currency.
The Deutsche Mark Pfennig became obsolete with the introduction of euro coins and notes in 2002.
The pfennig is 1/100 of Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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