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Encyclopedia > Petronas Twin Towers
Petronas Twin Towers
Petronas Twin Towers was the world's tallest building from 1998 to 2004.*
Preceded by Sears Tower
Surpassed by Taipei 101
Information
Location Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Status Complete
Constructed 1992-1998
Height
Antenna/Spire 452.0 m (1,482.9 ft)
Roof 378.6 m (1,242.1 ft)
Top floor 375.0 m (1,230.3 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 88
Floor area 395,000 m² (4,252,000 sq ft)
Elevator count 78
Companies
Architect Flag of Argentina César Pelli
Contractor Flag of South Korea Samsung Engineering & Construction
Flag of Japan Hazama Corporation
Flag of the United States B.L. Harbert International
Management KLCC

*Fully habitable, self-supported, from main entrance to highest structural or architectural top; see the list of tallest buildings in the world for other listings.

The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the world's tallest twin buildings. Tower 1 was built by the Niquie's multinational Samsung Engineering & Construction and Tower 2 by Hazama Corporation of Japan. They were the world's tallest buildings from 1998 to 2004 if measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural top, the original height reference used by the US-based Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat from 1969 (three additional height categories were introduced as the tower neared completion in 1996). [1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x1840, 283 KB) Español Descripción: Imagen nocturna de las Torres Petronas en Kula Lumpur. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... muu Cesar Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted Argentine architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Samsung Engineering & Construction (Hangul: 삼성건설 Hanja: 三星建設) is a Korean construction company founded and established in 1977, headquartered in Seongnam, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... KLCC 89. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... Petronas, short for Petroliam Nasional Berhad, is a Malaysian owned oil and gas company that was founded on August 17, 1974. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Samsung Engineering & Construction (Hangul: 삼성건설 Hanja: 三星建設) is a Korean construction company founded and established in 1977, headquartered in Seongnam, South Korea. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Comparison with other towers

Height comparison with the Sears Tower, Taipei 101, Empire State Building and the Petronas Twin Towers
Height comparison with the Sears Tower, Taipei 101, Empire State Building and the Petronas Twin Towers

The Petronas Twin Towers were the tallest buildings in the world until Taipei 101, as measured to the top of their structural components (spires, but not antennas), took over the record. Spires are considered integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. The Petronas Twin Towers remain the tallest twin buildings in the world. Image File history File links Skyscrapercompare. ... Image File history File links Skyscrapercompare. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ...


The Sears Tower and the World Trade Center towers were each constructed with 110 occupied floors – 22 more than the Petronas Twin Towers’ 88 floors. The Sears Tower and the World Trade Center’s roofs and highest occupied floors substantially exceeded the height of the roof and highest floors of the Petronas Twin Towers. The Sears Tower’s tallest antenna is about 250 feet (76 metres) taller than the Petronas Twin Towers’ spires. However, in accordance to CTBUH regulations and guidelines, [2] the antennas of the Sears Tower were not counted as part of its architectural features.[3][4] Therefore, the Petronas Twin Towers exceed the official height of the Sears Tower by 10m, but the Sears Tower has more floors with occupied office space at a higher level. The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...


History

These towers, which were designed by Cesar Pelli, an Argentine-American architect, were completed in 1998 and became the tallest buildings in the world on the date of completion. The 88-floor towers are constructed largely of reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass facade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art, a reflection of Malaysia's Muslim religion. They were built on the site of Kuala Lumpur's race track. Because of the depth of the bedrock, the buildings were built on the world's deepest foundations. The 120-meter foundations were built by Bachy Soletanche, and required massive amounts of concrete. Pellis Petronas Twin Tower César Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the construction material. ... The Taj Mahal, Agra. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ...


In an unusual move, a different construction company was hired for each of the towers. Although Tower 1 was successfully completed by Hazama Corporation (Japan), the builders of Tower 2, Samsung Constructions (the Construction Division of Samsung Corporation), Kukdong Engineering & Construction (both of South Korea), ran into problems when they discovered the structure was 25 millimeters off from vertical. The shopping mall beneath both towers was constructed by Birmingham, Alabama based Bill Harbert International. Hazama Corporation (株式会社間組; Kabushiki Gaisha Hazama-Gumi, commonly called ハザマ; Hazama) (TYO: 1719) is one of the 10th biggest construction companies in Japan, having presence not only in Japanese mainland but also abroad, in Asia, USA, Mexico and Central and South America. ... Samsung Engineering & Construction (Hangul: 삼성건설 Hanja: 三星建設) is a Korean construction company founded and established in 1977, headquartered in Seongnam, South Korea. ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country State Counties Jefferson, Shelby Incorporated December 19, 1871 Government  - Type Mayor - Council  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (Current) Larry Langford (Mayor-Elect) Area  - City 151. ...


Due to a lack of steel and the huge cost of importing steel, the towers were constructed on a cheaper radical design of super high strength reinforced concrete. High-strength concrete is a material familiar to Asian contractors and twice as effective as steel in sway reduction; however, it makes the building twice as heavy on its foundation than a comparable steel building. Supported by 23-by-23 meter concrete cores and an outer ring of widely-spaced super columns, the towers use a sophisticated structural system that accommodates its slender profile and provides from 1300 to 2000 square metres of column-free office space per floor.


Below the twin towers is Suria KLCC, a popular shopping mall, and Dewan Filharmonik Petronas, the home of the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra. The Petronas Twin Towers at night Suria KLCC is a shopping complex located at the base of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur City Centre. ... The Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (MPO) is funded by the Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas). ...


Petronas, Malaysia's national oil company, set out to build the world's tallest building. Although other buildings such as the Sears Tower have higher occupied floors, a higher antenna, and a higher roof, the Petronas Twin Towers' spires are classified as architectural details and rise to 452 m (1483 feet), giving it the greatest structural height until Taipei 101. Taking advantage of the rules governing building measurements (counting spires but not antennas) has generated controversy over the towers' claim to the title. However, the tradition of including the spire on top of a building and not including the antenna dates back to the rivalry between the Chrysler Building and the 40 Wall Street. Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Other buildings have used spires to increase their height but have always been taller overall to the pinnacle when trying to claim the title. In the aftermath of the controversy, the rules governing official titles were partially overhauled, and a number of buildings re-classified structural antenna as architectural details to boost their height rating (even though nothing was actually done to the building). Since the rules had allowed a building that "looked" shorter to say they were taller, newer buildings have had a focus on getting more than one of the height categories and tried to cater to popular perception rather than technicalities.[citation needed]


Tenants of the Petronas Twin Towers

A skybridge connects the two towers
A skybridge connects the two towers
An inside view of the skybridge
An inside view of the skybridge
Close up view of the Skybridge connecting the two towers
Close up view of the Skybridge connecting the two towers

Tower One is fully occupied by the Petronas Company and a number of its subsidiaries and associate companies. The office spaces in Tower Two are mostly available for lease to other companies. A number of companies have offices in Tower Two, including Accenture, Al Jazeera English, Carigali Hess Bloomberg, Boeing, IBM, Khazanah Nasional Berhad, McKinsey & Co, TCS, Krawler Networks, Microsoft,, Newfield Exploration and Reuters. Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... Petronas, short for Petroliam Nasional Berhad, is a Malaysian owned oil and gas company that was founded on August 17, 1974. ... A subsidiary is a corporation controlled by another. ... Accenture (NYSE: ACN, ISIN: BMG1150G1116) is a global management consulting, technology services, and outsourcing company. ... Al Jazeera English is a 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel headquartered in Doha, Qatar. ... Bloomberg L.P. is the largest financial news and data company in the world, controlling 33% of market share. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Khazanah Nasional was setup on 3 September 1993, is the Malaysian governments investment holding arm that is given the task to manage all commercial assets held by the government and to undertake strategic investments. ... McKinsey & Company is a global management consulting firm that focuses on solving issues of concern to senior management in large corporations and organizations. ... TCS may stand for: Tactical cryptologic system Taiwanese Cultural Society Taking Children Seriously (tcs. ... Krawler[x] is a p2p based Social Network that lets users setup personal networks, create, find and publish content, and find people to network with. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ...


KLCC Park

the building is a park with jogging and walking paths, a fountain with incorporated light show, wading pools, and a children's playground.


Suria KLCC is one of the biggest shopping malls in Malaysia. The Petronas Twin Towers at night Suria KLCC is a shopping complex located at the base of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur City Centre. ...


Skybridge

The towers feature a skybridge (constructed by Kukdong Engineering & Construction) between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors, which is the highest 2-story bridge in the world. The bridge is 170m above the ground and 58 m long, weighing 750 tons. The same floor is also known as the podium, since visitors desiring to go to higher levels have to change elevators here. The skybridge is open to all visitors, but free passes (limited to 1700 people per day) must be obtained on a first-come, first-served basis. The Skyway is closed on Mondays. Visitors are allowed to go only on the 41st floor as the 42nd floor is used only by the tenants of the building.


The skybridge also acts as a safety device, so that in the event of a fire or other emergency in one tower, tenants can evacuate by crossing the skyway to the other tower. However, the total evacuation triggered by a bomb hoax on September 12, 2001 (the day after the September 11 attacks destroyed the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City) showed that the bridge would not be useful if both towers need to be emptied simultaneously, and the capacity of the staircases was insufficient for such an event. Plans thus call for the elevators to be used if both towers need to be evacuated, and a successful drill following the revised plan was conducted in 2005. is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Elevator system

The main bank of Otis elevators is located in the center of each tower. All main elevators are double-decker with the lower deck of the elevator taking passengers to odd numbered floors and upper deck to even numbered floors. In order to access an even numbered floor from ground level, passengers are required to use an escalator to access the upper deck of the elevator. This article is about the transportation device. ... Double-deck elevators at Midland square, Nagoya, Japan Double-deck elevators are elevators designed such that two elevator cars are attached one on top of the other. ... Escalators at Canary Wharf, London. ...


From the ground floor there are three groupings of elevator. The "short haul" group of 6 elevators take passengers to floors between level 2/3 and level 16/17. The "mid haul" group of 6 elevators take passengers to floors between level 18/19 and level 37/38. There is also a set of shuttle elevators that take passengers directly to levels 41/42. In order to get to levels above 41/42, passengers are required to take the shuttle elevators and then change elevators to the upper floors. These connecting elevators are placed directly above the elevators serving levels 2 to 38. The pattern now repeats with the upper levels, one set serving levels 43/44 to 57/58 and one set serving levels 59/60 to levels 73/74.


Apart from this main bank of elevators, there are a series of "connecting" elevators to take people between the elevator groupings. Unlike the main elevators, these are not of the double-decker type. Two elevators are provided to take people from levels 37/38 to levels 41/42 (levels 39 and 40 are not accessible as office space). This avoids the need for someone situated at the lower half of the building to go down to the ground floor in order to gain access to the upper half of the building.


The elevators contain a number of safety features. It is possible to evacuate people from an elevator stuck between floors by manually driving one of the adjacent elevators next to it and opening a panel in the wall. It is then possible for people in the stuck elevator to walk between elevator cars. Evacuation can have several meanings: In wilderness first aid, evacuation is the transport of a seriously injured person out of the wilderness to the nearest point an ambulance can reach to take them to the hospital, or to the nearest emergency room. ...


During an evacuation of the buildings the shuttle elevator is allowed to be used. This is because there are only doors at levels G/1 and levels 41/42 therefore should there be a fire in the lower half of the building, this enclosed shaft would remain unaffected. For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ...


Service building

The service building is to the east of the Petronas Towers and contains the services required to keep the building operational, such as dissipating the heat from the air-conditioning system for all 88 levels in both towers.


Notable events

On March 20th, 1997, French urban climber, Alain "Spiderman" Robert, using only his bare hands and feet and with no safety devices, scaled the building's exterior glass and steel wall. Police arrested him at the 60th floor, 28 floors away from the "summit". He made a second attempt on March 20th 2007, exactly 10 years later, and was stopped once again on the same floor (though on the other tower).[5] March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


On the evening of Friday, November 4, 2005, a fire broke out in a movie theater complex in the Suria KLCC shopping centre below the Petronas Twin Towers, triggering panic among patrons who fled screaming and coughing in the thick, acrid smoke. There were no reports of injuries. The buildings were largely empty (except the shopping mall, Suria KLCC) because of the late hour; the only people affected were moviegoers and some diners in restaurants.[6] is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States). ... The Petronas Twin Towers at night Suria KLCC is a shopping complex located at the base of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur City Centre. ... The Petronas Twin Towers at night Suria KLCC is a shopping complex located at the base of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur City Centre. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ...


Popular culture

The Petronas Towers were a setting for some scenes in the 1999 film Entrapment staring Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta-Jones. It ends in a dramatic pursuit of the two stars by SWAT teams, eventually leading to Connery's capture and Catherine's escape. The towers also feature in three levels of the game Hitman 2: Silent Assassin. The player travels from one tower to another using the sky bridge, though it is unlike the real sky bridge; instead of being a narrow passageway, the sky bridge is wide and entered by breaking a panel of glass. Episode 22 from the anime series Cowboy Bebop shows what closely resembles the Petronas Twin Towers being blown up by a terrorist. This episode was taken off the air for a short time post-9/11. Entrapment (1999) is an American film directed by Jon Amiel, and starring Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta-Jones. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is a Academy Award, Golden Globe, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Catherine Zeta-Jones (born 25 September 1969) is an Academy Award-winning Welsh actress based in the United States. ... This article is about Special Weapons And Tactics. ... 47 disguised. ... Animé redirects here. ... Original run April 3, 1998 – April 23, 1999 Episodes 26 Movie: Knockin on Heavens Door (天国の扉) Director Shinichiro Watanabe Writer Keiko Nobumoto Studio Sunrise BONES Bandai Visual[2] Released September 1, 2001 Runtime 115 min. ...


Gallery

Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

A quote by the building's main architect: Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

"According to Lao Tse, the reality of a hollow object is in the void and not in the walls that define it. He was speaking, of course, of spiritual realities. These are the realities also of the Petronas Towers. The power of the void is increased and made more explicit by the pedestrian bridge that ... with its supporting structure creates a portal to the sky ... a door to the infinite."
Cesar Pelli, architect (1995)

Lao Zi (also spelled Laozi, Lao Tzu, or Lao Tse) was a famous Chinese philosopher who is believed to have lived in approximately the 4th century BC, during the Hundred Schools of Thought and Warring States Periods. ... For other uses, see Reality (disambiguation). ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... This article is about the structure. ... For other uses, see Sky (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Infinity (disambiguation). ... Pellis Petronas Twin Tower César Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ...

See also

The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ...

References

  1. ^ Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat preamble to High Rise Database: "OTHER MEASUREMENTS OF HEIGHT:"
  2. ^ http://www.ctbuh.org/Resources/Resources-HighRiseDatabase.aspx
  3. ^ [Sears Tower]
  4. ^ http://www.ctbuh.org/Resources/Resources-HighRiseDatabase.aspx
  5. ^ 'Spiderman’ has another go at Twin Towers, The Star, March 21, 2007.
  6. ^ Fire Forces Evacuation at Malaysia Towers, CBS News, November 4, 2005.

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

External links

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Preceded by
Sears Tower
World's tallest building architectural element
452.0m (1,482.9ft)

1998-2003
Succeeded by
Taipei 101

Coordinates: 3°9′28.26″N, 101°42′41.94″E Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Structurae is an on-line database containing works of structural and civil engineering of all kinds such as Bridges, High-rise buildings, towers, dams, etc. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Situated in Malaysia, the Multimedia Super Corridor is a Government designated zone, designed to leapfrog Malaysia into the information and knowledge age. ... Cyberjaya is a new planned township with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor in Malaysia. ... Klang Valley is the area in central Selangor, Malaysia comprising Kuala Lumpur and its surroundings and suburbs naturally delineated by hilly areas and the Port Klang coastline. ... The Kuala Lumpur Tower (officially known as Menara Kuala Lumpur; referred later as KL Tower) is a tall tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and was built in 1995. ... The Technology Park Malaysia is Malaysias most advanced and comprehensive centres for research and development for knowledge-based industries. ... Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... Cyberjaya is a new planned township with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor in Malaysia. ... For other uses, see Kuala Lumpur International Airport (disambiguation). ... Screenshot of www. ... The Kuala Lumpur-Putrajaya Expressway (KLPE) E20 is a new expressway in Klang Valley. ... Total Airport Management System is an integerated airport management system which is now being used in Kuala Lumpur International Airport. ... The term (in all its uses) is generally agreed to derive from electronic government which introduces the notion and practicalities of electronic technology into the various dimensions and ramifications of government. ... MyKad, or Government Multipurpose Card, (GMPC) is the official compulsory identity card of Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Menara Alor Star is a 165. ... Berjaya Times Square KL is a building containing a huge shopping centre and two five star hotels located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... The Dayabumi Complex (Malay: Kompleks Dayabumi) is a major landmark in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... Empire Tower is a building located at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... KOMTAR KOMTAR (Malay: Kompleks Tun Abdul Razak), or more accurately KOMTAR Tower (Menara KOMTAR in Malay) is Penangs tallest building and the sixth tallest building in Malaysia. ... The Kuala Lumpur Tower (officially known as Menara Kuala Lumpur; referred later as KL Tower) is a tall tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and was built in 1995. ... Kerinchi Pylon is located near Menara Telekom in Kerinchi, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... The Maxis Tower is the headquarters of Maxis Communications and Tanjong Plc Group of Companies. ... The Menara Great Eastern also known as Great Eastern Tower in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia which is the Headquarter of the Largest and Oldest Local Funded Insurance Company Great Eastern Life Assurance (M) Bhd, a Member of Great Eastern Holdings Ltd in Singapore. ... The Maybank Tower (Malay: Menara Maybank) is a major skyscraper and landmark in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... Menara Mesiniaga is a main futuristic building in Malaysia. ... Menara Telekom Menara Telekom is the headquartes of Telekom Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. ... The Millennium Tower, Penang The Millennium Tower is a 35-storey condominium located on Penangs Gurney Drive shopping and entertainment district. ... The Pavilion Kuala Lumpur is a mixed used development in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... The Tun Mustapha Tower (officially known as Menara Tun Mustapha), is the tallest building in Borneo. ... // The Penang Global City Centre (PGCC) is a project located at The Turf Club on Penang Island, Malaysia. ... Plaza Rakyat is a project that was on hold since 1997 due to the economic crisis. ... Selangor Triple Towers is a new building currently in the planning stage. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... View from above The AT&T Corporate Center is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Chicago and 8th tallest in the United States at 1,007 ft (307 m) with 60 floors. ... The Baiyoke Tower II is the tallest building in Thailand. ... This article is about the Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta. ... BOC Tower at night The Bank of China Tower (short: BOC Tower; 中銀大廈) is a huge skyscraper in Central, Hong Kong. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... A screen showing financial news at The Center, an office complex in Central. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... CITIC Plaza is an 80-story high-rise building or skyscraper built in Guangzhou, Peoples Republic of China. ... The Emirates Office Tower, also referred to as Emirates Tower One is a 54-floor office building along Sheikh Zayed Road in the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Hotel during the day The Emirates Towers Hotel, also referred to as Emirates Tower Two is a 56 floor five-star business hotel in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... The Eureka Tower is a residential building in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Australia. ... First Canadian Place is a skyscraper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... International Finance Centre (abbr. ... The 75-story, 305 m (1000 ft) tall JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas, formerly the Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest building in Texas and one of the tallest structures in the world. ... The Jin Mao Building or Jin Mao Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Golden Prosperity Building) is an 88-story landmark skyscraper in the Lujiazui area of the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... Kingdom Centre (Arabic: ) in Riyadh is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. ... Menara Telekom Menara Telekom is the headquartes of Telekom Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. ... A rendering of the New York Times Building The New York Times Building is a skyscraper currently under construction on the west side of Midtown. ... Nina Tower (Chinese: 如心廣場) is a twin tower of 80-storey and 42-storey highrise building under construction in Tsuen Wan, New Territories, Hong Kong. ... For other uses, see Q1. ... The Rose Tower is a 333 metre (1,093 feet), 72-story skyscraper on Sheikh Zayed Road in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Shimao International Plaza is a 333 m 60 storey office tower in Shanghai, China and completed in 2005. ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Tuntex Sky Tower at night Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower , 85 SKYTOWER (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ... Two Prudential Plaza is a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1990. ... This article is about the U.S. Bank Tower in Los Angeles. ... The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza, formerly the Allied Bank Plaza and First Interstate Bank Plaza, is located in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... 23 Marina is a residential skyscraper that is currently under construction in Dubai and is being made by the Hiranandani Group based in Mumbai, India. ... A rendering of the new World Trade Center as completed. ... The Abraj Al Bait Towers is a building complex under construction in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. ... The Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai. ... The Al Hamra Tower is a skyscraper currently under construction in downtown Kuwait City, Kuwait. ... The Al Yaquob Tower is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai. ... APIIC Tower (Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Tower) is a 100 plus storeyed,450 m supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Hyderabad ,India. ... Almas Tower (Diamond Tower) is a 365 metre tall skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Arraya 2 is a skyscraper currently under construction in Kuwait City, Kuwait. ... The Burj al Alam (World Tower in English) is an under construction 108 story, 501m skyscraper in the Business Bay area of Dubai, UAE designed to resemble a crystal flower. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is currently the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... The Burj Dubai Lake Hotel & Serviced Apartments is a supertall skyscraper set to rise 306 meters alongside the Dubai Mall in Dubai. ... The Chicago Spire is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... China World Trade Center Tower 3 is a 301. ... City Hall and City Duma model on MIPIM exhibition For the historic structure, see Moscow City Hall. ... DAMAC Heights, or formerly Ocean Heights 2, is an approved supertall skyscraper located in the Dubai Marina of Dubai. ... Dubai Towers - Doha is a 445 meter mixed-use skyscraper being constructed in Doha, Qatar. ... Elite Residence is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates in the Dubai Marina district. ... A render of the tower under construction. ... Faros del Panamá is a 95 floor building with a planned height of 346 metres under construction in Panama City, Panama. ... Federation Tower rendering The Federation Tower is a skyscraper complex currently under construction in Moscow, Russia and is designed to be both the tallest building in Europe as well as Europes first supertall building. ... This article is about the skyscraper in New York City. ... Gate of Kuwait is a skyscraper with 84 floors and a roof height of 320 metres at Kuwait City, Kuwait, whose construction started in 2005. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Guangzhou Twin Towers West Tower is a 432 metre tall skyscraper with 103 floors under construction at Zhujiang Avenue West in Tianhe District at Guangzhou, China. ... International Commerce Centre is a 118 story, 484 m skyscraper under construction in West Kowloon, Hong Kong; as part of the Union Square project built on top of the MTR Kowloon Station. ... JW Marriott International Finance Centre is a highrise building with 77 floors and with a roof height of 377. ... Keangnam Hanoi Lanmark Tower is a skyscraper under construction in Hanoi, Vietnam. ... Mag 218 Tower is a 66 floor residential skyscraper with 534 rooms under construction at Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Marina 101 is a 412 metre tall skyscraper with 101 floors under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Mercury City Tower is a skyscraper currently under contruction in Moscow, Russia. ... The Minsheng Bank Building (also known as Wuhan International Securities Building) is a 331. ... The Northeast Asia Trade Tower is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Incheon, South Korea. ... Ocean One is a 367 metre (1,204 feet) tall supertall skyscraper with 91 floors and 587 rooms under construction at Jomtien Beach in Pattaya, Thailand. ... Ocean Heights is a supertall skyscraper under construction in the Dubai Marina of greater Dubai. ... One Island East (Chinese: 港島東中心) , also called One Island East Centre, is a supertall skyscraper that is currently under construction in Taikoo Place in Island East, Hong Kong. ... Park Hyatt Tower is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Mumbai, Maharashtra and will be the tallest and greenest building in India once completed. ... Pearl River Tower is a skyscraper that is under construction at the junction of Jinsui Road/Zhujiang Avenue West, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, China. ... The Pentominium is a supertall skyscraper, currently approved for construction in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Princess Tower is a residential skyscraper that is currently under construction in Dubai. ... Russia Tower Russia Tower - skyscraper in the territory of Moscow, whose building they plan to complete in 2012. ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... Shenzhen Nikko Tower is a 310 metre tall highrise building at Nanshan in Shenzhen, China, whose construction started in 2006. ... Sky Tower Dubai is a 379 metre tall skyscraper with 83 floors under construction in Abu Dhabi. ... Square Capital Tower is a futuristic highrise building with 63 floors, which is since 2005 under at Kuwait City in Kuwait. ... Tianjin International Trade Centre is a skyscraper with 80 floors and a floor area of 260,000 m², which is since 1998 under construction at 112 Munan Road in Tianjin, China. ... The Marina Torch is a tower currently under construction for the Dubai Marina, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Torre Gran Costanera is a 300 metre tall highrise building, which is since 2006 under construction in Santiago, Chile. ... For other buildings of the same name see Trump International Hotel and Tower The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel under construction at 401 N. Wabash Avenue in downtown Chicago, Illinois named for famed real estate developer Donald Trump. ... Waterview Tower is a mixed used development under construction in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... This page may meet Wikipedia’s criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... 868 Towers Offices and Hotel is a 86 floor tall 331 metre tall highrise building, whose construction is pending at Haikou, China. ... BDNI Center I is a 317 metre tall skyscraper with 62 floors, whose construction is pending at the district Pusat of Jakarta in Indonesia. ... Busan Lotte Tower is a mixed use tower in the southern South Korean city of Busan that is currently under construction. ... The Dalian International Trade Center is a 78 floor skyscraper currently under construction in Dalian, China with a planned floor area of 288,566 m². Its construction started in 2003 however is currently suspended. ... Infinity Tower is a skyscraper under construction by Palma Real Estate in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Marina Gardens is a 75 store residential skyscraper at Area 392-Plot Marsa in Dubai. ... Najd Tower is a 340 metre tall futuristic skyscraper with 82 floors and 496 rooms at Dubai in United Arab Emirates, whose construction started in 2005. ... Plaza Rakyat is a project that was on hold since 1997 due to the economic crisis. ... The Ryugyong Hotel (or Ryu-Gyong Hotel or Yu-Kyung Hotel or the 105 Building) is a partially constructed concrete skyscraper that was once intended for use as a hotel in Sojang-dong, in the Potong-gang District of Pyongyang, North Korea. ... Artists conception of the completed towers. ... Tianlong Hotel is a hotel skyscraper with 73 floors in Nanan District, Chongqing, China. ... Xiamen Post & Telecommunications Building is a 66 floor tall office skyscraper under construction at Hubin Road South / Xiahe Road at Xian, China. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Petronas Twin Towers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1202 words)
The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, were once the world's tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top.
The Petronas Twin Towers are currently the tallest twin towers in the world, and they lay claim to being the world's tallest high rise of the 20th century.
Although other buildings such as the Sears Tower have higher occupied floors, a higher pinnacle, and a higher roof, the Petronas Twin Towers' spires are classified as architectural details and rise to 452 m (1483 feet), giving it the greatest structural height until Taipei 101.
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