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Encyclopedia > Petronas Towers
Petronas Towers

The Petronas Towers were the world's tallest buildings (to architectural peak) from 1998 to 2004. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x1840, 283 KB) Español Descripción: Imagen nocturna de las Torres Petronas en Kula Lumpur. ...

Location Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Built 1995-1998
Use Office
Height
Antenna / Spire 452 m (1483 ft.)
Roof 410 m
Top floor 375 m
Technical details
Floor count 88
Floor area 395,000 m²
Elevator count 78
Architect César Pelli
skyscraperpage
The Petronas Towers
The Petronas Towers

The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (3°9′28.26″N, 101°42′41.94″E), were once the world's tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan Area  - Total (City) 243. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... César Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... Petronas towers, Kuala Lumpur; by Jpatokal File links The following pages link to this file: Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Skyscraper Petronas Towers Categories: GFDL images ... Petronas towers, Kuala Lumpur; by Jpatokal File links The following pages link to this file: Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Skyscraper Petronas Towers Categories: GFDL images ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan Area  - Total (City) 243. ... The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada is the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world. ...


It has since been unseated by the Taipei 101 on October 17, 2003. The Petronas Towers are currently the tallest twin towers in the world, and it lays claim to being the world's tallest high rise of the 20th century. Critics point out that this applies to only one of four height categories defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat - although the three additional height categories were only introduced as the tower neared completion in 1996, as opposed to the original category which had been in use since 1969 [1] Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: 臺北101 or 台北101; Simplified Chinese: 台北101; Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling I) is a 101-floor skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...

Contents


History

The towers, which were designed by Argentine architect César Pelli were completed in 1998. The 88-floor towers constructed of largely reinforced concrete with a steel and glass facade were designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art, a reflection of Malaysia's Muslim heritage. They were built on the site of Kuala Lumpur's race track. Because of the depth of the bedrock the buildings were built on the world's deepest foundation going down some 120 meters and requiring massive amounts of concrete. In an unusual move, a different construction company was hired for each of the towers, and they were made to compete against each other. Eventually the builders of Tower 2, Samsung Constructions, won the race, despite starting a month behind Tower 1, built by Hazama Corporation, although Tower 2 ran into problems when they discovered the structure was 25 millimeters off from vertical. Due to a lack of steel and the huge cost of importing steel, the towers were constructed on a cheaper radical design of super high strength reinforced concrete. High-strength concrete is a material familiar to Asian contractors and twice as effective as steel in sway reduction. Supported by 23-by-23-metre concrete cores and an outer ring of widely-spaced super columns, the towers showcase a sophisticated structural system that accommodates its slender profile and provides from 1300 to 2000 square metres of column-free office space per floor. César Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Islamic art is the art of Islamic people, cultures, and countries. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ... Samsung Engineering & Construction(Hangul: 삼성건설) Founded in 1977. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


Below the twin towers is Suria KLCC, a popular shopping mall, and Dewan Filharmonik Petronas, the home of the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra. The Petronas Twin Towers at night Suria KLCC is a shopping complex located at the base of the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur City Centre. ... The Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (MPO) is funded by the Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas). ...


Comparison with other very tall buildings

A comparison of some of the world's tallest skyscrapers.
A comparison of some of the world's tallest skyscrapers.

Petronas, Malaysia's national oil company, set out to build the world's tallest building. Although other buildings such as the Sears Tower have higher occupied floors, a higher pinnacle, and a higher roof, the Petronas Towers' spires are classified as architectural details and rise to 452 m (1483 feet), giving it the greatest structural height until Taipei 101. Taking advantage of the quirks of the rules governing building measurements (counting spires but not antennas) has generated a large amount of controversy over the towers' claim to the title. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (820x650, 4 KB)A scale diagram of 5 skyscrapers made using data from public-domain sources This diagram shows height to tip of the tallest structural elements in each building. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (820x650, 4 KB)A scale diagram of 5 skyscrapers made using data from public-domain sources This diagram shows height to tip of the tallest structural elements in each building. ... The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada is the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world. ... Petronas, short for Petrolium Nasional Berhad, is Malaysias state owned oil and gas company that was founded on August 17, 1974. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Structural height in technical usage is the height to the highest architectual detail on building from street-level. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: 臺北101 or 台北101; Simplified Chinese: 台北101; Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling I) is a 101-floor skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. ...


Other buildings in history have used spires to increase their height but had always been taller overall to the pinnacle when trying to claim the title, not shorter. In the aftermath of the controversy, the main set of rules governing official titles was partially overhauled, and a number of buildings re-classified structural antenna as architectural details to boost their height rating (even though nothing was actually done to the building). Since the rules had allowed a building that looked shorter to say they were taller, newer buildings have had a focus on getting more than one of the height categories and tried to cater to popular perception rather than technicalities.


Tenants of the Petronas Towers

A vertical panorama of one of the towers.
A vertical panorama of one of the towers.

Tower One is fully occupied by the Petronas Company and a number of its subsidiaries and associate companies. The office spaces in Tower Two are mostly available for lease to other companies. A number of companies have offices in Tower Two, including Accenture, Al Jazeera International, Bloomberg, Boeing, Exact Software, IBM, Khazanah Nasional Berhad, McKinsey & Co, and Microsoft. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1403x2884, 638 KB) Summary Vertical panorama picture of the Petronas Towers, KL Taken and adapted by Joss Redfern Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1403x2884, 638 KB) Summary Vertical panorama picture of the Petronas Towers, KL Taken and adapted by Joss Redfern Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... In its most general sense, a panorama is any wide view of a physical space. ... Petronas, short for Petrolium Nasional Berhad, is Malaysias state owned oil and gas company that was founded on August 17, 1974. ... A subsidiary is a corporation controlled by another. ... Accenture (NYSE: ACN) is a global management consulting, technology services and outsourcing company. ... Al Jazeera International is a 24-hour English-language news and current affairs channel headquartered in Doha, Qatar. ... Bloomberg L.P. is a Financial Media Company founded by Michael Bloomberg in 1982. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is the world’s largest aircraft manufacturer. ... Exact (Euronext: NL0000350361) develops software for Logistics, Human Resource Management (HRM), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), e-business and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) in two product lines: Exact Globe 2003 Enterprise and Exact e-Synergy. ... Big Blue redirects here. ... Khazanah Nasional was setup on 3 September 1993, is the Malaysian governments investment holding arm that is given the task to manage all commercial assets held by the government and to undertake strategic investments. ... McKinsey & Company is a privately owned management consulting firm that focuses on solving issues of concern to senior management in large corporations and organizations. ... Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT, SEHK: 4338) is an international computer technology corporation with global annual sales of over 41. ...


Other facilities

KLCC Park

Sky bridge on the 41st floor
Sky bridge on the 41st floor

Outside the building is a park with jogging and walking tracks, a fountain with incorporated light show, wading pools, and a children's playground. Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ...


Suria KLCC is one of the biggest shopping malls in Malaysia.


===Sky bridge===kantaben duuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu

The Petronas Towers at night
The Petronas Towers at night

The towers feature a sky bridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floor. It is 170 m high and 58 m long. The same floor is also known as the podium, since visitors desiring to go to higher levels have to change elevators here. The skybridge is open to all visitors, bkantABEN DUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU ut passes (limited to c. 1400 per day, which usually run out before noon) must be obtained on a first-come, first-served basis. Passes are free. The skybridge is closed on Mondays. Landmark in Malaysia. ... Landmark in Malaysia. ... A skyway is a path that is traversed without touching the ground. ...


Notable events

  • In 1997, French urban climber, Alain "Spiderman" Robert, using only his bare hands and feet and with no safety devices of any kind, scaled the building's exterior glass and steel wall. His bid to reach the top of the building was cut short when police arrested him at the 60th floor, 28 floors away from the "summit".
  • The towers were featured in the 1999 film Entrapment (see Skyscrapers in film).
  • Three missions in the computer game Hitman 2 take place in Petronas Towers.
  • In the cartoon series Totally Spies, the episode Man or Machine saw the spy girls Sam, Clover and Alex going on a mission to rescue world leaders, among others, the Malaysian Prime Minister in the Petronas Towers.
  • In Microsoft-Big Huge Games' Rise of Nations (2003), the library research button for the most advanced age, "Information Age", is represented by the Petronas Towers.
  • On the evening of Friday, November 4, 2005, a fire broke out in a movie theater complex in the Suria KLCC shopping centre below the Petronas Towers, triggering panic among patrons who fled screaming and coughing in the thick, acrid smoke. There were no reports of injuries. The buildings were largely empty because of the late hour; the only people affected appeared to be moviegoers and some diners in a few restaurants.

1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alain Robert scaling a building using his bare hands, and no equipment. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Entrapment (1999), directed by Jon Amiel, is a film starring Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta-Jones. ... The Towering Inferno (1974) Skyscrapers are frequently featured in films for their impressive appearance and potent symbolism. ... 47 disguised as a Russian soldier in the Tubeway Torpedo mission of Hitman 2: Silent Assassin. ... Totally Spies is a French-Italian animated series. ... Rise of Nations is a real-time strategy computer game, developed by Big Huge Games and published by Microsoft on May 20, 2003. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... Template:Diffgggtgerent calendars 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... A typical megaplex (AMC Ontario Mills 30 in Ontario, California). ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ...

Quote

A quote by the building's main architect:

"According to Lao Tse, the reality of a hollow object is in the void and not in the walls that define it. He was speaking, of course, of spiritual realities. These are the realities also of the Petronas Towers. The power of the void is increased and made more explicit by the pedestrian bridge that ... with its supporting structure creates a portal to the sky ... a door to the infinite."
—César Pelli, architect (1995)

Lao Zi (also spelled Laozi, Lao Tzu, or Lao Tse) was a famous Chinese philosopher who is believed to have lived in approximately the 4th century BC, during the Hundred Schools of Thought and Warring States Periods. ... Reality in everyday usage means everything that exists. The term Reality, in its widest sense, includes everything that is, whether it is observable, accessible or understandable by science, philosophy, theology or any other system of analysis. ... In Hinduism, spiritual goals and personal experience (self-realization) through yoga and meditation are seen as the ultimate way to attain God (Moksha) and are inseparable from the religion. ... This article is about the edifice (it is primarily an index to articles concerning specific bridge types). ... A typical daytime sky. ... The word infinity comes from the Latin infinitas or unboundedness. It refers to several distinct concepts which arise in theology, philosophy, mathematics and everyday life. ... César Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ...

References

  • Wong, Dennis (Nov. 6, 2005). "Midnight fire scare at Twin Towers". New Sunday Times, p. 10.

The New Straits Times is a Malaysian English language newspaper. ...

External links

Commons logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Petronas Twin Towers
  • Structurae: Petronas Towers
  • Skyscraper Central.com - Illustration Entry of Petronas Twin Towers
  • panoramas.dk 360-Panorama Petronas Tower
  • Drawings, photos and videos of the Petronas Towers

  Results from FactBites:
 
Petronas Towers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1124 words)
The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (3°9′28.26″N, 101°42′41.94″E), were once the world's tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top.
The Petronas Towers are currently the tallest twin towers in the world, and it lays claim to being the world's tallest high rise of the 20th century.
Although other buildings such as the Sears Tower have higher occupied floors, a higher pinnacle, and a higher roof, the Petronas Towers' spires are classified as architectural details and rise to 452 m (1483 feet), giving it the greatest structural height until Taipei 101.
Petronas Towers - definition of Petronas Towers in Encyclopedia (550 words)
The PETRONAS Twin Towers, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, were at one time the tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top.
The PETRONAS Twin Towers are currently the tallest twin towers in the world, and it lays claim to being the world's tallest high rise of the 20th century.
Tower One is fully occupied by PETRONAS and a number of its subsidiaries and associate companies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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