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Encyclopedia > Peter III of Russia
Emperor Peter III
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
Emperor Peter III, 1762
Reign January 5, 1762 [O.S. 25b December]July 9 [O.S. June 28] 1762
Full name Karl Peter Ulrich
Titles Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
King of Finland
Born February 21, 1728(1728-02-21)
Kiel
Died July 17 [O.S. July 6] 1762
Ropsha
Buried exhumed and currently buried at Peter and Paul Cathedral
Predecessor Elizabeth
Successor Catherine II the Great
Consort Sophia Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst (a.k.a. Catherine II the Great)
Issue Paul I
Anna Petrovna (1757-1759)
Father Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Mother Anna Petrovna of Russia

Peter III (February 21, 1728July 17, 1762) (Russian: Пётр III Фëдорович, Pyotr III Fyodorovitch) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. According to most historians, he was mentally immature and very pro-Prussian, which made him an unpopular leader. He was supposedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife, who succeeded him to the throne as Catherine II. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Old Style redirects here. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Old Style redirects here. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Holstein-Gottorp or Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp was a duchy consisting of areas within Schleswig and Holstein, in present-day Denmark and Germany. ... The Grand Duchy of Finland was a state that existed 1809–1917. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... , For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Old Style redirects here. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Ropsha (Russian: Ропша) is a townlet in the Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation, situated about 20 km south of Peterhof and 49 km west of Saint Petersburg, at an elevation of 80 metres above sea level. ... The Peter and Paul Cathedral is located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. ... Charles van Loo. ... Catherine II of Russia, called the Great (Russian: Екатерина II Великая, Yekaterina II Velikaya; 2 May [O.S. 21 April] 1729 – 17 November [O.S. 6 November] 1796) reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years, from June 28, 1762 until her death. ... Catherine II of Russia, called the Great (Russian: Екатерина II Великая, Yekaterina II Velikaya; 2 May [O.S. 21 April] 1729 – 17 November [O.S. 6 November] 1796) reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years, from June 28, 1762 until her death. ... Paul I of Russia (Russian: ; Pavel Petrovich) (October 1, 1754-March 23, 1801) was the Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801. ... Duke Charles Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp (German: ), (1700-1739) was the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife, Hedvig Sophia of Sweden. ... Portrait by Ivan Nikitin Anna Petrovna, Tsesarevna of Russia (Russian: ; 27 January 1708, Moscow – 4 March 1728, Kiel) was the eldest daughter of Emperor Peter I of Russia and Catherine I of Russia. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... This is an incomplete list of persons that were assassinated for political and other reasons, and who have individual entries. ... In a political sense, conspiracy refers to a group of persons united in the goal of usurping or overthrowing an established political power. ... Catherine II of Russia, called the Great (Russian: Екатерина II Великая, Yekaterina II Velikaya; 2 May [O.S. 21 April] 1729 – 17 November [O.S. 6 November] 1796) reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years, from June 28, 1762 until her death. ...

Contents

Early life and character

Peter was born in Kiel. His parents were Karl Friedrich, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (nephew of Charles XII of Sweden) and Anna Petrovna, a daughter of Emperor Peter the Great of Russia and his second wife, Catherine I of Russia. His mother died at his birth. In 1739, Peter's father died, and he became Duke of Holstein-Gottorp as Karl Peter Ulrich. He could thus be considered the heir to both thrones (Russia and Sweden). , For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. ... Duke Karl Friedrich of Holstein-Gottorp, (1700-1739) was the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife, Princess Hedwig Sophia of Sweden. ... Carl XII, Karl XII or Carolus Rex, (June 17, 1682 – November 30, 1718), the Alexander of the North, nicknamed in Turkish as Demirbaş Şarl (Charles the Habitué), was King of Sweden from 1697 until his death in 1718. ... Portrait by Ivan Nikitin Anna Petrovna, Tsesarevna of Russia (27 January 1708, Moscow – 4 March 1728) was the eldest daughter of Emperor Peter I of Russia and Catherine I of Russia. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his... Catherine I (In Russian: Екатерина I Алексеевна) (April 15, 1684 – May 17, 1727), the second wife of Peter the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death. ... Main articles: History of Schleswig-Holstein and List of rulers of Schleswig-Holstein Gottorp Castle Holstein-Gottorp or Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the duchies Schleswig and Holstein were ruled by the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. ...


When Anna's sister Elizabeth became Empress of Russia she brought Peter from Germany to Russia and proclaimed him her heir in the autumn of 1742. Previously in 1742 the 14-year-old Peter was proclaimed King of Finland during the Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743) when Russian troops held Finland. This proclamation was based on his succession rights to territories held by his childless great-uncle, the late Charles XII of Sweden who also had been Grand Duke of Finland. About the same time, in October 1742, he was chosen by the Swedish parliament to become heir to the Swedish throne. However, the Swedish parliament was unaware of the fact that he had also been proclaimed heir to the throne of Russia, and when their envoy arrived in Saint Petersburg it was too late. It has been reported that the underage Peter's succession rights to Sweden were renounced on his behalf (such an act in name of a minor has been regarded as questionable and probably invalid). Charles van Loo. ... The attempt to create a Kingdom of Finland in 1742 is a little known chapter in the history of Finland. ... The Russo-Swedish War of 1741–1743, known as the Hats Russian War in Sweden and the Lesser Wrath (Finnish: Pikkuviha, Swedish: Lilla ofreden) in Finland, was instigated by the Hats, a Swedish political party which aspired to regain the territories lost to Russia during the Great Northern War, and... Carl XII, Karl XII or Carolus Rex, (June 17, 1682 – November 30, 1718), the Alexander of the North, nicknamed in Turkish as DemirbaÅŸ Åžarl (Charles the Habitué), was King of Sweden from 1697 until his death in 1718. ... Grand Duke of Finland, more correctly Grand Prince of Finland, (Finnish: Suomen suuriruhtinas, Swedish: Storfurste av Finland) was a title in use, sometimes sporadically, between 1584 and 1808. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ...


Empress Elisabeth arranged for Peter to marry his second cousin, Princess Sophia Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst, daughter of Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst and Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp (for her pedigree, see Russian ancestry of Catherine the Great). The young princess formally converted to Russian Orthodoxy and took the name Ekaterina Alexeievna, i.e Catherine. The marriage was not a happy one, but produced one son; the future Emperor Paul, and one daughter; Anna Petrovna (20 December 1757 - 19 March 1757). Catherine later claimed that Paul was not fathered by Peter. During the sixteen years of their residence in Oranienbaum Catherine took numerous lovers, as did her husband. Catherine II of Russia For the 1934 film biography see Catherine the Great (1934 film). ... Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst (November 29, 1690 - March 16, 1747) married, on November 8, 1727, Johanna Elisabeth von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (October 24, 1712 - May 30, 1760). ... Catherine the Great was widely known as that German petty princess, motivating her own propaganda to highlight her Russian and Eastern Orthodox credentials. ... The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is a body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Look up Catherine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Catherine is a womans given name, derived from a Greek word (katharos) meaning pure. It is one of the most common names given. ... Paul I of Russia Paul I of Russia (Russian: Pavel Petrovich, Павел I Петрович) (October 1, 1754 - March 23, 1801) was an Emperor (Tsar) of Russia (1796 - 1801). ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Oranienbaum (Russian: ) is a Russian royal residence, located on the Bay of Finland west of St. ...


The classical view of Peter's character is contained in the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, dressed in a generous dose of old-time anti-German sentiment: (Redirected from 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... Anti-German can refer to Anti-German (ideology), a branch of anti-Fascist ideology Anti-German sentiment suspicion or hostility towards Germany or the German people This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...

"Nature had made him mean, the smallpox had made him hideous, and his degraded habits made him loathsome. And Peter had all the sentiments of the worst kind of small German prince of the time. He had the conviction that his princeship entitled him to disregard decency and the feelings of others. He planned brutal practical jokes, in which blows had always a share. His most manly taste did not rise above the kind of military interest which has been defined as corporals mania, the passion for uniforms, pipeclay, buttons, the tricks of parade and the froth of discipline. He detested the Russians, and surrounded himself with Holsteiners".

The reign

Portrait by Alexei Antropov of Emperor Peter III, 1762

After Peter gained the throne in 1762, he incurred many nobles' displeasure by withdrawing from the Seven Years' War and making peace with Prussia, in which Russia did not gain anything, in spite of Russia's occupation of Berlin and virtual victory in the war. He formed an alliance with Prussia and planned an unpopular war against Denmark in order to restore Schleswig to his Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. It is also claimed that he wanted to force the Russian Orthodox Church to adopt Lutheran practices. Peter III of Russia File links The following pages link to this file: Peter III of Russia Categories: Author died more than 100 years ago public domain images ... Peter III of Russia File links The following pages link to this file: Peter III of Russia Categories: Author died more than 100 years ago public domain images ... Self-portrait, 1784 Alexei Petrovich Antropov (Russian: ; 25 March [O.S. 14 March] 1716 - 23 June [O.S. 12 June] 1795) was a Russian barocco painter active primarily in St. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is a body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ...


During Peter's short reign, Russia saw several minor but important economic reforms that encouraged development of Western-European style capitalism and mercantilism and to move away from Russia's traditional social practices of subjugating peasants and townspeople and reserving leading positions for nobility. He issued an edict abolishing the practice allowing industrialists to purchase serfs as workers for their enterprises. He also forbade the importation of sugar into Russia to stimulate domestic manufacturing. For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... Mercantile redirects here. ... Costumes of Slaves or Serfs, from the Sixth to the Twelfth Centuries, collected by H. de Vielcastel, from original Documents in the great Libraries of Europe. ...


Peter's major social reform was the introduction of the Liberty for Nobility, abrogating Peter the Great's policy of forcing all male members of Russian nobility to serve in the military or civil service without regard for individual preference for a particular occupation. Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his... Categories of Russian nobility and royalty Kniaz (as ancient ruler) Velikiy Kniaz Boyar Tsar (Emperor), Tsarina (Empress, Empress consort) Tsar family Tsarevich, Tsarevna Velikiy Kniaz (Grand Duke) (as title), Velikaya Knyaginya (Grand Duchess), Velikaya Knyazhna (Grand Duchess) Dvoryanstvo Titled Dvoryanstvo Earl Baron Kniaz (as title) Related article Table of Ranks... The Roman civil service in action. ...


Catherine, along with her lover Grigori Orlov, planned to overthrow Peter, as she believed he would divorce her. The Leib Guard, on which Peter planned to impose harsher discipline, revolted and Peter was arrested and forced to sign his own abdication; Catherine became Empress with the support of most of the nobility. Shortly thereafter, Peter was killed while in custody at Ropsha. While Catherine did not punish the responsible guards, doubts remain as to whether she ordered the murder or not. Count Grigory Orlov Orlov is the name of a Russian noble family which produced several distinguished statesmen, diplomatists and soldiers. ... The term Leib Guard (Russian: ) collectively distinguished military units serving as personal guards of the Emperor of Russia. ... Ropsha (Russian: Ропша) is a townlet in the Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation, situated about 20 km south of Peterhof and 49 km west of Saint Petersburg, at an elevation of 80 metres above sea level. ...


Aftermath

In December 1796, Peter's son the Emperor Paul, who disliked his mother, arranged for his remains to be exhumed and then reburied with full honors in the Peter and Paul Cathedral, where other tsars were buried. Paul I of Russia Paul I of Russia (Russian: Pavel Petrovich, Павел I Петрович) (October 1, 1754 - March 23, 1801) was an Emperor (Tsar) of Russia (1796 - 1801). ... The Peter and Paul Cathedral is located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. ...


There have been many attempts to revise the traditional characterisation of Peter and his policies, which were obviously influenced by his wife's memoirs and other biased accounts. It was during his reign that some of Catherine's reforms were prepared and the nobles were relieved from the burdensome obligation of serving in the army. Most recently, a Harvard historian Carol S. Leonard published a revisionist history of Peter III with her book Reform and Regicide: The Reign of Peter III of Russia.


Ancestry

Peter III's ancestors in three generations
Peter III of Russia Father:
Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Christian Albrecht of Holstein-Gottorp
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Frederika Amalia of Denmark
Paternal Grandmother:
Hedvig Sophia of Sweden
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Charles XI of Sweden
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Ulrike Eleonore of Denmark
Mother:
Anna Petrovna of Russia
Maternal Grandfather:
Peter I of Russia
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Alexis I of Russia
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina
Maternal Grandmother:
Catherine I of Russia
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Samuel Skavronsky
Maternal Grat-grandmother:
Elisabeth Moritz

Duke Charles Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp (German: ), (1700-1739) was the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife, Hedvig Sophia of Sweden. ... Duke Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp (18 October 1671 – 19 July 1702) was Duke of Schleswig. ... Duke Christian Albrecht of Holstein-Gottorp (3 February 1641, Gottorp – 6 January 1695, Gottorp) was a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck. ... Frederika Amalia of Denmark (11 April 1649 – 30 October 1704) was duchess of Holstein-Gottorp as a wife of Duke Christian Albrecht of Holstein-Gottorp. ... Hedvig Sofia Augusta, Princess of Sweden (26 June 1681-22 December 1708), Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, was the eldest child of King Charles XI of Sweden, and his wife Ulrike Eleonore of Denmark. ... Charles XI (Karl XI) (November 24, 1655 – April 5, 1697) was King of Sweden from 1660 until his death. ... Ulrike Eleonora by David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl Ulrike Eleonora (1656 - 1693) (the name Ulrike is a Danish version of the name, in Swedish she is called Ulrika Eleonora), was the daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and his wife Queen Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... Portrait by Ivan Nikitin Anna Petrovna, Tsesarevna of Russia (Russian: ; 27 January 1708, Moscow – 4 March 1728, Kiel) was the eldest daughter of Emperor Peter I of Russia and Catherine I of Russia. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his... Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (Russian: Алексей Михайлович) (March 9, 1629 (O.S.) - January 29, 1676 (O.S.)) was a Tsar of Russia during some of the most eventful decades of the mid-17th century. ... Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina (September 1, 1651 - February 4, 1694) was a Russian tsarina. ... Catherine I (In Russian: Екатерина I Алексеевна) (April 15, 1684 – May 17, 1727), the second wife of Peter the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death. ...

External links

  • (Russian) The ancestors and descendants Pyotr III Fyodorovitch, Emperor of Russia
  • (Russian) Biography of Pyotr III Fyodorovitch
Emperor Peter III of Russias
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: February 21 1728 Died: July 17 1762
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Elisabeth
Emperor of Russia
January 5 – June 28, 1762
Succeeded by
Catherine II
German nobility
Preceded by
Karl Friedrich
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
1739–1762
Succeeded by
Paul
Persondata
NAME III, Peter
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Ulrich, Karl Peter
SHORT DESCRIPTION Emperor of Russia
DATE OF BIRTH February 21, 1728
PLACE OF BIRTH Kiel
DATE OF DEATH July 17, 1762
PLACE OF DEATH Ropsha

  Results from FactBites:
 
Peter III of Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (438 words)
Peter III (February 21, 1728 - July 17, 1762) (Russian Пётр III Федорович (Pyotr III Fyodorovitch)) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762.
Peter favored Prussia in many respects: after he gained the throne in 1762, he withdrew from the Seven Years' War and made peace with Prussia, in which Russia did not gain anything,in spite of Russia's virtual victory in the war.
In December 1796, Peter's son the Emperor Paul, who disliked his mother, arranged for his remains to be exhumed and then reburied with full honors in the Cathedral of the St. Peter and St. Paul fortress, St. Petersburg.
Royal Family of Europe - pafg08 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (1512 words)
Olga OF RUSSIA was born in 1822 in,, Russia.
Czar Nikolaj I of RUSSIA was born on 25 Jun 1796.
Peter III OF RUSSIA [Parents] was born on 10 Feb 1728 in Kiel,, Germany.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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