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Encyclopedia > Peter III of Aragon

Peter III of Aragon (Catalan: Pere) (1239November 11, 1285, also Peter I of Valencia, Peter II of Barcelona), known as the Great, was the king of Aragon and Valencia and count of Barcelona from 1276 to 1285. Catalan or Valencian (Català, Valencià) is a Romance language understood by as many as 12 million people in portions of Spain, France, Andorra and Italy, although the majority of active Catalan speakers are in Spain. ... Events Births June 17 Edward I of England known as Edward Longshanks or Hammer of the Scots Deaths Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events Night watch created in Winchester, England - every householder patrols one night in turn The writ Circumspecte Agatis defines the jurisdictions of church and state in England Births Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan Pope Benedict XII Deaths March 28 - Pope Martin IV Categories: 1285 ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... The Hemispheric at the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències by Santiago Calatrava, Valencia, Spain. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia, an autonomous community in northeastern Spain, and Spains second-largest city (after Madrid). ... Events January 21 - Innocent V elected Gregory Xs successor as Pope March 9 - Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City June - Rudolph I of Germany declares war on Ottokar II, king of Bohemia July 11, Adrian V elected Innocent Vs successor as Pope John XXI succeeds Adrian V as... Events Night watch created in Winchester, England - every householder patrols one night in turn The writ Circumspecte Agatis defines the jurisdictions of church and state in England Births Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan Pope Benedict XII Deaths March 28 - Pope Martin IV Categories: 1285 ...


In 1262, he married Constance, daughter and heiress of Manfred of Sicily. He became also King Peter I of Sicily from 1276 after the Sicilian Vespers expulsed the French from the island. His navy under the admiral Roger of Lauria defeated the invading French crusade at Roses, and his armies crushed the retreating French crusaders at the Coll de Panissars in 1285. Events Strasbourg becomes a Free City of the Holy Roman Empire First Visconti become the lord of Iceland swear fealty to the king of Norway, bringing an end to the Icelandic Commonwealth Births Ladislaus IV of Hungary Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona... Manfred (c. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ... Events January 21 - Innocent V elected Gregory Xs successor as Pope March 9 - Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City June - Rudolph I of Germany declares war on Ottokar II, king of Bohemia July 11, Adrian V elected Innocent Vs successor as Pope John XXI succeeds Adrian V as... The Sicilian Vespers is the name given to a rebellion in Sicily, in 1282 against the rule of the Angevin king Charles I, who had taken control of the island with Papal support in 1266. ... Roger of Lauria, or Ruggiero di Lauria (c. ... For the flower, see rose. ... Events Night watch created in Winchester, England - every householder patrols one night in turn The writ Circumspecte Agatis defines the jurisdictions of church and state in England Births Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan Pope Benedict XII Deaths March 28 - Pope Martin IV Categories: 1285 ...


Peter himself was the direct descendant and the heir-general of Mafalda of Hauteville, daughter of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia, the Norman conqueror, and his official wife Sigelgaita of Salerno, a Langobard princess. After Dukes of Apulia became extinct with William II in 1128, then apparently Mafalda's heirs (then counts of Barcelona) became de jure heirs of the Guiscard and Sigelgaita, and thus Peter was dormantly a claimant to the Norman succession of Southern Italy. Two Sicilies were to be a most pursued inheritance for the Aragonese Royal House and its heirs for the next five centuries. Hauteville (French for higher town) is the name or part of the name of several places: In France Hauteville, a commune in the Ain département until 1942 when it became Hauteville-Lompnes when it amalgamated De Lompnes. ... Robert Guiscard (i. ... List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria in Southern Italy from the 11th century to the 12th century: Counts 1043-1059, Dukes 1059-1127 William I 1043-1049 Drogon 1049-1051 Umfred 1051-1057 Robert Guiscard 1057-1085 Roger 1085-1111 William II 1111-1127 Categories: Lists of office-holders... Sikelgaita (1040-April 16, 1090) was a Lombard princess, the second wife of Robert Guiscard. ...


Peter left Aragon to his eldest son Alfonso III of Aragon, and Sicily to his second son James I of Sicily. Peter's third son, Infante don Fadrique, later after his brother James, became regent of Sicily and then its king, too. Peter had also a daughter, Elizabeth (Elisabet), who married Denis of Portugal. Alfons or Alfonso III of Aragon (1265 – June 18, 1291, also Alfons II of Barcelona), surnamed the Liberal, was the king of Aragon and count of Barcelona from 1285 to 1291. ... James II, King of Aragon (10 August 1267 – 2 November 1327), in Spanish Jaime II, in Catalan Jaume II, also James II of Barcelona, called The Just (Catalan: El Just) was the second son of Peter III of Aragon and Constance of Sicily. ... Frederick III (1272—1337), King of Sicily, was the third son of King Peter III of Aragon and Sicily, and of Constance, daughter of Manfred. ... Elizabeth of Portugal (1271–1336) was queen consort of Portugal and a Saint of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ...


In the Divine Comedy Dante sees Peter "singing in concert" with his former rival Charles I of Sicily outside the gates of Purgatory. Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, in Michelinos fresco. ... Charles I (March 1227 (or 1226) - January 7, 1285) was the posthumous (or born ten months before fathers death: sources suggest two possible birth years) son of King Louis VIII of France by Blanche of Castile. ... In Roman Catholic theology, Purgatory is a process of purification after the particular judgment and before entry into Heaven. ...



Preceded by:
James I
King of Aragon
1276–1285
Succeeded by:
Alfonso III
Count of Barcelona
1276–1285
King of Valencia
1276–1285
Charles I King of Sicily
1282–1285
James

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Peter III, king of AragOn and king of Sicily (Spanish And Portuguese History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (359 words)
Peter III (Peter the Great), 1239?–1285, king of AragOn and count of Barcelona (1276–85) and king of Sicily (1282–85); son and successor of James I. In 1280 he established Aragonese influence on the northern shores of Africa.
Peter's Sicilian venture was unpopular with the Aragonese nobility and towns, and he was compelled to grant them wide privileges to quell their opposition.
Peter was succeeded in AragOn by his eldest son, Alfonso III, and in Sicily by his second son, James (later James II of AragOn).
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Innocent III (4265 words)
One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of Segni and nephew of Clement III, born 1160 or 1161 at Anagni, and died 16 June, 1216, at Perugia.
Shortly after the death of Alexander III (30 Aug., 1181) Lotario returned to Rome and held various ecclesiastical offices during the short reigns of Lucius III, Urban III, Gregory VIII, and Clement III.
During the pontificate of Celestine III (1191-1198), a member of the House of the Orsini, enemies of the counts of Segni, he lived in retirement, probably at Anagni, devoting himself chiefly to meditation and literary pursuits.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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