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Encyclopedia > Peter I of Serbia
King Peter I Karageorgevich
King of Serbia
King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
Reign 11 June 190316 August 1921
Coronation HM King Peter I of Serbia (1903-1918)
HM The King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1918-1921)
Born June 29, 1844
Belgrade
Died August 16, 1921
Belgrade
Predecessor Alexander I (Obrenović)
Successor Alexander I (Karageorgevich)
Consort Princess Zorka of Montenegro
Issue Helen
Milena
George
Alexander I
Andrew
Royal House House of Karageorgevich
Royal anthem Bože pravde ("God of Justice")
Father Prince Alexander Karageorgevich
Mother Persida Nenadović

King Peter I of Serbia (Serbian Cyrillic: Петар I Карађорђевић, Petar I Karađorđević) (29 June 184416 August 1921) was King of Serbia from 1903 to 1918 after which he became the first King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (495x702, 100 KB)Portrait of King Peter I of Serbia, painted by UroÅ¡ Predić The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... King Aleksandar Obrenović Aleksandar Obrenović or Александар Обреновић (August 14, 1876 - June 11, 1903), was king of Serbia from 1889 to 1903. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Zorka of Montenegro Princess Ljubica, better known as Princess Zorka (1864-1890), born Ljubica Petrović-NjegoÅ¡ of Montenegro (Љубица Петровић-Његош) became Princess Petar KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević in Serbia. ... Princess Jelena of Serbia (November 4, 1884 - October 16, 1962), later known as Princess Elena Petrovna of Russia, or sometimes Princess Helena Petrovna or Princess Helen Petrovna, or Princess Ellen Petrovna or Princess Hélène Petrovna, was the daughter of King Peter I of Yugoslavia and his wife Princess... George, Alexander, Pavle and Jelena Crown Prince George of Yugoslavia,(Serbian: kraljević ĐorÄ‘e KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (August 27, 1887 - October 17, 1972) was the older brother of Alexander I of Yugoslavia and younger brother of Helen of Serbia, son of Peter I, King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The House of KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (Serbian: Карађорђевићи; English: House of Karageorgevich) was a Serbian ruling dynasty descended from KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e (George Petrović). The family had a long feud with the Obrenović dynasty. ... Bože pravde (God of Justice) is the official anthem of Serbia and Republika Srpska. ... Prince Aleksandar KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević, oil technique, painter Uros Knezevic Aleksandar KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (Serbian Cyrillic Александар Карађорђевић) (1806–1885) was the prince of Serbia between 1842 and 1858. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This is the list of Serbian monarchs. ...

Contents

Early life and exile (1844-1903)

Peter was born in Belgrade to Prince Alexander of Serbia and his consort, Princess Persida Nenadović. Prince Alexander abdicated in 1858 and took his son with him into exile in present-day Romania. For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Alexander KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević may refer to several different people from the KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević royal family of Serbia: Alexander KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević, Prince of Serbia (1842–1858) Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1921–1934) Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, born 1924, son of Prince-Regent Paul Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia...


The young noble spent much of his exile in France, where he received an education and even enlisted in the Army. He married Princess Zorka of Montenegro, daughter of King Nicholas I, in 1883. They had three children: Princess Helen in 1884, Prince George in 1887 and Prince Alexander in 1888. Another, Princess Milena, died at the age of one in 1887. Their fifth child, Prince Andrew, died in childbirth along with his mother in 1890. The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... Zorka of Montenegro Princess Ljubica, better known as Princess Zorka (1864-1890), born Ljubica Petrović-NjegoÅ¡ of Montenegro (Љубица Петровић-Његош) became Princess Petar KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević in Serbia. ... King Nikola I Petrovic Njegos Краљ Никола I Петровић Његош (October 7, 1841- March 2, 1921) was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as a king from 1910 to 1918 and... Princess Jelena of Serbia (November 4, 1884 - October 16, 1962), later known as Princess Elena Petrovna of Russia, or sometimes Princess Helena Petrovna or Princess Helen Petrovna, or Princess Ellen Petrovna or Princess Hélène Petrovna, was the daughter of King Peter I of Yugoslavia and his wife Princess... George, Alexander, Pavle and Jelena Crown Prince George of Yugoslavia,(Serbian: kraljević ĐorÄ‘e KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (August 27, 1887 - October 17, 1972) was the older brother of Alexander I of Yugoslavia and younger brother of Helen of Serbia, son of Peter I, King of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Peter returned to Serbia in 1903, when a military coup d'état removed King Alexander from the throne. Peter was crowned King of Serbia on 11 June. // A coup dÉtat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, often through illegal means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... King Aleksandar Obrenović Aleksandar Obrenović or Александар Обреновић (August 14, 1876 - June 11, 1903), was king of Serbia from 1889 to 1903. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Reign (1903-1921)

The Western-educated King attempted to liberalise Serbia with the goal of creating a Western-style constitutional monarchy, even translating John Stuart Mill's "On Liberty" into Serbo-Croatian. The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a... John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873), British philosopher, political economist civil servant, and Member of Parliament, was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. ... On Liberty is a philosophical work in the English language by 19th century philosopher John Stuart Mill, first published in 1859. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Peter chose to "retire" due to ill health following the Balkan Wars which, from a Serb perspective, were a great success. Executive power passed to his son Alexander. Combatants  Ottoman Empire Balkan League: Bulgaria Greece Serbia Montenegro Commanders Ottoman Empire: Nizam PaÅŸa, Zeki PaÅŸa, Esat PaÅŸa, Abdullah PaÅŸa, Ali Rıza PaÅŸa Bulgaria: Vladimir Vazov, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev Greece:Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis Serbia:Radomir Putnik, Petar... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in...


The King was relatively inactive during the First World War, although he did occasionally visit trenches to check up on his troops. One memorable visit in 1915 involved Peter, by then 71, picking up a rifle and shooting at enemy soldiers. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


His last public appearance was on 1 December 1918, when he was proclaimed King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. King Peter I died in Belgrade in 1921 at the age of 77. is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Succession

As his eldest son, Prince George was King Peter's presumed successor. This changed in 1909, when he kicked a servant to death in a fit of rage, after which the Crown Prince was forced to renounce his claim to the throne in favour of his brother Alexander.


Legacy

King Peter I is remembered for his modesty, attributed to his military background. He was immensely popular throghout his reign and remains one of Serbia's most popular leaders.


His children were influential in European affairs as adults. His son, King Alexander, joined Yugoslavia with the West and helped foster the "Yugoslav" national identity. His daughter, Princess Helen, married Prince Ioann Konstantinovich of Russia and introduced Empress Alexandra to Grigory Rasputin. His Highness Prince Ioann Konstantinovich of Russia (Иоанн Константиович) (July 5, 1886–July 18, 1918) was the elder son of HIH Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia by his wife Elisaveta Mavrikievna née HH Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg. ... Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna of Russia (Russian: ), born Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine (German: ) 6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918, was Empress consort of Nicholas II, the last Tsar of the Russian Empire. ... Rasputin Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin (Russian: Григо́рий Ефи́мович Распу́тин) (January 23, 1871 – December 16, 1916 (O.S.)) was a Russian mystic with an influence in the...

Peter I of Serbia
Born: 29 June 1844 Died: 16 August 1921
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Aleksandar Obrenović
King of Serbia
1903–1918
with Aleksandar Karađorđević (1914–1918)
Succeeded by
Proclaimed King of the
Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
New title King of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
1918–1921
with Alexander of Yugoslavia (1918–1921)
Succeeded by
Alexander I of Yugoslavia
Styles of
King Peter I
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sir or sire
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Peter, King of Servia

 
 

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