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Pets and humans each often contribute toward the happiness of the other in a pet relationship. Pet owners and their pets are likely to have longer and happier lives.
Pets and humans each often contribute toward the happiness of the other in a pet relationship. Pet owners and their pets are likely to have longer and happier lives.[1]

A pet or companion animal is an animal kept for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to livestock, laboratory animals, working animals or sport animals, which are kept for economic reasons. The most popular pets are noted for their loyal or playful characteristics, for their attractive appearance, or for their song. Pets also generally seem to provide their owners with non-trivial health benefits; keeping pets has been shown to help relieve stress. There is now a medically-approved class of "therapy animals," mostly dogs, who are brought to visit confined humans. Walking a dog can provide both the owner and the dog with exercise, fresh air, and social interaction. It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ... Pets and humans often contribute toward the happiness of the other in a pet relationship. ... Pets was a British puppet adult sitcom. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Man_and_dog. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... The data suggest that use of laboratory animals allowed to add 28 years of life to an average human. ... A working animal is an animal that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks. ... Horse racing is a very popular sporting event involving animals. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ...


Koko the gorilla is one of few examples of a non-human animal which has had an explicit pet. Using sign language, she requested a cat; her first pet was a kitten named All Ball, to which she was reported to be quite attached and mourned for several days after the cat escaped and was killed by a car. Koko (born July 4, 1971, in San Francisco, California) is the name of a gorilla trained by Dr. Francine Penny Patterson and other scientists at Stanford University to communicate with more than 1,000 signs based on American Sign Language, and understand approximately 2,000 words of spoken English. ... Koko cuddling All Ball All Ball was the pet cat of Koko, the famous gorilla living in Woodside, California, who uses and understands American sign language. ...

Contents

Domestication

Main article: Domestication
Cats in the Garden, by Chinese painter Mao Yi, 12th century; family pets in the Song Dynasty included watch dogs whose tails were often docked, long-haired cats for catching rats, cats with yellow-and-white fur called 'lion-cats' (who were valued simply as cute pets), and even crickets in cages. Cats could be pampered with items bought from the market such as 'cat-nests', and were often fed fish that were advertised in the market specifically for cats.
Cats in the Garden, by Chinese painter Mao Yi, 12th century; family pets in the Song Dynasty included watch dogs whose tails were often docked, long-haired cats for catching rats, cats with yellow-and-white fur called 'lion-cats' (who were valued simply as cute pets), and even crickets in cages.[2][3] Cats could be pampered with items bought from the market such as 'cat-nests', and were often fed fish that were advertised in the market specifically for cats.[2][3]

While in theory any animal might be a pet, in practice only a small number of species of mammals (especially dogs and cats) and other small animals, such as birds, fish, or lizards, are practical. One reason for this is that large animals are not able to fit inside small dwellings. Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 608 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 1996 pixel, file size: 305 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 608 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 1996 pixel, file size: 305 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Wall scroll painted by Ma Lin in 1246. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Kaifeng (960–1127) Linan (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960-976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... lizards are pink and become very aggressive when they see other females. ...


In general, a pet must either be small enough (or easily controlled) for his or her undesirable behavioral tendencies to be negligible, or the animal must be actually domesticable. Examples of the former are such animals as fish (including carnivorous ones such as piranha), chickens, invertebrates or small mammals. Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... This article deals with meat-eating animals. ... For other uses, see Piranha (disambiguation). ... Alternate uses: Chicken (disambiguation) Binomial name Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758) A chicken is a type of domesticated bird which is usually raised as a type of poultry. ... Invertebrate is an English word that describes any animal without a spinal column. ...


A few animals are sufficiently capable of adapting to human interaction to be considered domesticable. Dogs ("man's best friend") are considered to be a classic example of domesticated animals normally suited to being pets. Domestic dogs are quite similar to wolves, but their physical form and behavior are characteristically different, more than mere differences in size, coat, or coloring. Behaviorally speaking, characteristic changes in dogs due to domestication include a prolonged infancy, increased playfulness, and increased barking. Wolves are far less playful and vocal. Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... a Great Pyrenees pup A puppy is a juvenile dog, generally less than one year of age that has not reached the equivalent of dog puberty yet. ... Barking is a noise most commonly produced by dogs. ...


Many rodents—such as fancy rats, fancy mice, and syrian hamsters—are commonly kept as household pets. Species The fancy rat or pet rat is a domesticated breed of the Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus) or, more rarely, of the Black Rat (R. rattus). ... white fancy mouse Fancy mice are domesticated versions of the common or house mouse (mus musculus). ... Binomial name Mesocricetus auratus Waterhouse, 1839 The Syrian Hamster or Golden Hamster, Mesocricetus auratus, is the best known member of the rodent subfamily Cricetinae, the hamsters. ...


Such animals as reptiles are typically considered exotic pets. This may change in the future, as 'exotic' pet ownership is increasing rapidly. Some of these animals, such as green iguanas, large monitor lizards, and large birds, do not make suitable pets for the average person, as they require extensive housing and diet. They can also become quite aggressive if not regularly handled. Exotic mammals are also becoming increasingly more popular as pets. For example, the domesticated hedgehog has been selectively bred to the point where its physical characteristics no longer directly match its wild European and African counterparts.[citation needed] One reads occasional reports in People and other magazines of individuals who have lrun into legal trouble for keeping largeexotic pets, both in rural estates and urban apartments. A few years ago, New York Police Department officers arrested a man who had kept large cats and an alligator in a small Manhattan apartment [4] Many animal species are difficult to handle and cannot be pets for the general populace. Raptors, such as eagles and falcons, must be handled very carefully to avoid attacks on their handlers; the sport of falconry is to a large extent ways of avoiding such outcomes, and so they are not really pets in the sense meant here. Large cats cannot become pets, as they do not reliably restrain their impulses (although cheetahs are an exception and have been kept as pets in the past). Nor do the large bears, for similar reasons. Small monkeys can be human companions, but they are notoriously unable to defer their curiosity which leads to much destruction. Several of the ferret and otter varieties can be human companions. Raccoons also fit this example. They adapt easily to almost any environment, but resist domestication. Orders  Crocodilia - Crocodilians scary crocodiles. ... Capuchin monkeys are among the primates kept as exotic pets An exotic pet is a rare or unusual creature kept as a pet, or a creature kept as a pet which is not commonly thought of as a pet. ... The most common species of domesticated hedgehog is a hybrid of the White-bellied or Four-toed Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) and the Algerian Hedgehog (). It is smaller than the European Hedgehog, and thus is sometimes called African Pygmy Hedgehog. ... The New York City Police Department (NYPD) , the largest police department in the United States, has primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation within the five boroughs of New York City. ... Flying a Saker Falcon Falconry or hawking is an art or sport which involves the use of trained raptors (birds of prey) to hunt or pursue game for humans. ... Binomial name Acinonyx jubatus (Schreber, 1775) The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is an atypical member of the cat family (Felidae) that hunts by speed rather than by stealth or pack tactics. ... This article is about the mammal. ... This article is about the carnivorous mammal. ... For the animated television series see The Raccoons Binomial name Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor), often just called the Raccoon, is a mammal native to America. ...


A pet can be acquired from an animal shelter, a breeder, and from private transactions, typically due to the giving away of extra newborns after the birth of a litter. See also pet adoption. Because of environmental and public safety concerns, some pets are illegal in many jurisdictions. Dog Pound redirects here. ... This article concerns Breeder, an occupation in agriculture, animal husbandry, or animal fancy. ... Pet adoption usually refers to the process of taking ownership of and responsibility for a pet that a previous owner has abandoned or otherwise abdicated responsibility for. ...


Terminology

In veterinary medicine, dogs and cats are often considered "household" pets, while all other animals are grouped into either "farm animals" (such as horses, cows, or sheep) or "exotics" (including pocket pets, birds, and reptiles).[citation needed] Veterinary medicine is the application of medical diagnostic and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Species See text. ... Pocket pet is a term commonly used to refer to any small mammal kept as a pet. ... Orders  Crocodilia - Crocodilians scary crocodiles. ...


Local restrictions

Many cities and towns have local ordinances limiting the number of pets a person may have, and may also restrict or forbid certain pets (such as fowl or exotics).


The cities of Berkeley, California and Boulder, Colorado have passed laws stating that people who have pets do not "own" them; rather, they are the pet's "guardian." Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The City of Boulder ( , Mountain Time Zone) is a home rule municipality located in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ...


Condominium associations and rental properties often ban animals because of the smells and noise the animals create. This article refers to a form of housing. ...


Pet popularity

The two most popular pets in most Western countries have been cats and dogs. In the United States, census data shows that dogs are slightly more popular based on the number of households, but that the number of pet cats is almost twice as high as dogs.[5] The next most popular pets are birds followed by horses. For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Who ever deleted my page is a prat and i wil hunt them down on lucy and shout at them loudly! RAAAAARRR! connie sansom ...


Overpopulation

Animal protection advocates call attention to the pet overpopulation "crisis" in the United States. According to the Humane Society of the United States, 3-4 million dogs and cats are euthanized each year in the country and many more are confined to cages in shelters. This crisis is created by nonneutered animals (spayed/castrated) reproducing and people intentionally breeding animals. A particularly problematic combination of economic hardship combined with a love of animals contributes to this problem in parts of the rural United States.[6] In an average year, a fertile cat can produce three litters of kittens, with up to 4 to 6 kittens in each litter. Based on these numbers, one female cat and her offspring could produce up to 420,000 cats over a seven year period if not spayed or castrated. There are also major overpopulation problems with other pet species, such as birds and rabbits. Local humane societies, SPCAs, and other animal protection organizations urge people to neuter their pets and to adopt animals from animal shelters instead of purchasing them from breeders or pet stores. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... HSUS logo The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) is a Washington, D.C-based animal welfare advocacy group. ... Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries of a female animal. ... Castration, gelding, neutering, orchiectomy or orchidectomy is any action, surgical or otherwise, by which a biological male loses use of the testes. ... The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) is any of a number of societies whose operations include protecting and providing shelter to animals in danger. ... Dog Pound redirects here. ... A typical pet store in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. ...


Effects of pets on their caregiver's health

Health benefits

Pets have the ability to stimulate their caregivers, in particular the elderly, giving people someone to take care of, someone to exercise with, and someone to help them heal from a physically or psychologically troubled past.[7] Having a pet may help people achieve health goals, such as lowered blood pressure, or mental goals, such as decreased stress.[8] There appears to be strong evidence that having a pet can help a person lead a longer, healthier life. In a study of 92 people hospitalized for coronary ailments, within a year, 11 of the 29 without pets had passed away, but only 3 of the 52 who had pets.[7]


Pets in long-term care institutions

Even pet owners residing in a long-term care facility, such as a hospice or nursing home, experience health benefits from pets. Pets for nursing homes are chosen based on the size of the pet, the amount of care that the breed needs, and the population and size of the care institution.[7] Appropriate pets go through a screening process and, if it is a dog, additional training programs to become a therapy dog.[9] Therapy Dog refers to a dog trained to provide affection and comfort to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, mental institutions, schools, and stressful situations such as disaster areas. ...


Different pets require varying amouns of attention and care; for example, cats are have lower maintenance requirements than dogs.[10] Dogs, on the other hand, tend to be more trainable and people-friendly.


Health risks

Health risks that are associated with pets include:

  • Aggravation of allergies and asthma
  • Injuries (and, rarely) deaths caused by pet's bites
  • Disease or parasites due to animal hygiene problems

Allergy is an abnormal reaction to a substance foreign to the body that is acquired, predictable and rapid. ...

Pets and allergies

Some people with allergies can have adverse reactions to animal dander and fur or feathers. Some people with asthma can have attacks triggered by these. However, research supports that people who have been exposed to dogs and cats as pets from an early age may develop an immunoresistance to these allergens.[1] Dander is material shed from the body of various animals, similar to dandruff. ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... Closeup on a single white feather A feather is one of the epidermal growths that forms the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on a bird. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pets
Look up Pet in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... A non-profit organization established in 1933 by leaders in the veterinary profession, AAHA is the only exclusive companion animal veterinary association. ... An animal hoarder is a person who keeps large numbers, sometimes hundreds, of animals, usually domestic pets like cats and dogs. ... Animal husbandry is for economic reasons Animal keeping (animals in captivity) is used as a generalizing term to describe the care and captivity of either domesticated animals (livestock and pets) or wild animals. ... Animals seem to return the affection shown to them by their humans. ... Dog attacks on humans, including those which have resulted in the death of the victim, have become increasingly common in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. ... The term human bond -- or, more generally, human bonding -- refers to the process or formation of a close personal relationship, as between a parent and child, especially through frequent or constant association. ... This is a list of pets belonging to various US Presidents and their families, while serving their term(s) in office. ... Pet adoption usually refers to the process of taking ownership of and responsibility for a pet that a previous owner has abandoned or otherwise abdicated responsibility for. ... Pet cloning is the commercial cloning of a pet animal. ... Articles in category Pet foods There are 16 articles in this section of this category. ... Pet Insurance pays the veterinary costs if ones pet is ill or has an accident. ... On October 1, 2001, EU and other countries introduced the option for domestic animal owners to apply for Pet passports, PETS for short, but also known as Pets Travel Scheme for pets returning from abroad to the United Kingdom. ... A Pet Sitter is a contracted service provider who takes care of a pet in its own home. ... The Pet Network is a Canadian category 2 digital cable television channel dedicated to pets and pet owners and lovers. ... Zoonosis (pronounced ) is any infectious disease that may be transmitted from other animals, both wild and domestic, to humans or from humans to animals (the latter is sometimes called reverse zoonosis). ... An artists rendition of the Rainbow Bridge, a mythical place where beloved pets wait in health and happiness for their owners to arrive, after they die. ... A Pet cemetery is a place where dead pets are buried. ... The Rainbow Bridge is a metaphorical or mythological place often referred to by people whose pets have died. ... A digital pet, also known as a virtual pet, is a type of artificial human companion. ... Capuchin monkeys are among the primates kept as exotic pets An exotic pet is a rare or unusual creature kept as a pet, or a creature kept as a pet which is not commonly thought of as a pet. ...

References

  1. ^ The Health Benefits of Pets. US Government National Institute of Health.
  2. ^ a b Gernet, Jacques (1962). Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion, 1250–1276. Translated by H.M. Wright. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0720-0. Page 48.
  3. ^ a b Gernet, Jacques (1962). Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion, 1250–1276. Translated by H.M. Wright. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0720-0. Page 122–123.
  4. ^ People, date unknown.
  5. ^ Household Pet Ownership: 2001. US Census Bureau.
  6. ^ Eckholm, Erik. "For Poor Families, an Added Burden of Too Many Pets", The New York Times, 2007-06-30. Retrieved on 2007-06-30. 
  7. ^ a b c Whiteley, Ellen H.. "The Healing Power of Pets", Saturday Evening Post, pp. 2-102. Retrieved on 2006-11-05.  Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Polk Library, UW Oshkosh
  8. ^ Asp, Karen (2005). "Volunteer Pets". Prevention 57 (4): 176-78. Retrieved on 2006-11-05.  Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Polk Library, UW Oshkosh
  9. ^ Huculak, Chad. "Super Furry Animals", Sun 4 Oct. 2006, p. W7. . LexisNexis. Polk Library, UW Oshkosh. 5 Nov. 2006.
  10. ^ Bruck, Laura (1996). "Today's Ancillaries, Part 2: Art, music and pet therapy". Nursing Homes: Long Term Care Management 45 (7): 36. Retrieved on 2006-11-05.  Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Polk Library, UW Oshkosh.
  • Study supports theory that pets cut allergy risk - Reuters (Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, September 2006

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