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Encyclopedia > Peruvian pepper
iPeruvian Pepper

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Schinus
Species: S. molle
Binomial name
Schinus molle
Raddi

Peruvian Pepper (Schinus molle, also known as California pepper tree, molle, pepper tree, pepperina, Peruvian mastictree and Peruvian peppertree) is a tree or shrub that grows to between 5 and 18 m tall. It is native to the Peruvian Andes (molle comes from the Quechua word for the tree, molli). For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera See text Anacardiaceae is a family of flowering plants bearing fruits that are drupes. ... Species Many, including: Schinus angustifolius Schinus antiarthriticus Schinus areira Schinus bituminosis Schinus huigan Schinus occidentalis Schinus mellisii Schinus molle Schinus terebinthefolius Schinus is a genus of trees in the Family Anacardiaceae comprising the pepper trees, most notably Schinus molle, the Peruvian pepper tree and S. terebinthefolius, the Brazilian pepper tree... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... Quechua (Runa Simi; Kichwa in Ecuador) is a Native American language of South America. ...


The tree's pinnate leaves, made up of 15 or more leaflets, measure 10–30 cm. The upper branches of the tree tend to droop. The plant is dioeceous, with small white flowers borne profusely in axillary clusters. The fruit is a small, leathery, pink/red, spherical drupe 5-8 mm diameter, carried in dense clusters of hundreds of berries. The bark, leaves and berries are all very aromatic. A pinnate fern frond (Blechnum appendiculatum). ... Plant sexuality deals with the wide variety of sexual reproduction systems found across the plant kingdom. ... Wildflowers A flower is the reproductive organ of those plants classified as angiosperms ( flowering plants; Division Magnoliophyta). ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit) In botany, a drupe is a type of fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp or skin and mesocarp or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside. ...


Cultivation and uses

The tree is cultivated as a decorative plant in parts of North America, in south-east Queensland in Australia, and in Mediterranean coastal regions. It naturalises in all these places, and is considered an invasive species in many subtropical regions. The pink/red berries, although not a true pepper (Piper), are, like the berries of its close relative, the Brazilian pepper, sold as "pink peppercorns". Volatile terpenes are present in the berries, and can irritate the mucous membranes of sensitive people, so moderation is advised in using the berries as a condiment. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Emblems: Faunal - Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus); Floral - Cooktown orchid (Dendrobium bigibbum); Bird - Brolga (Grus rubicunda); Aquatic - Barrier Reef Anemonefish (Amphiprion akindynos); Gem - Sapphire; Colour - Maroon Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Const. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Rugged coastline of the West Coast of New Zealand The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the ocean. ... Lantana Invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel; May 2, 2006 The term invasive species refers to a subset of those species defined as introduced species or non-indigenous species. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Brazilian Pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius; also known as Aroeira or Florida Holly) is a sprawling shrub or small tree 7-10 m tall, native to subtropical and tropical South America, in southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina and Paraguay. ... Terpenes are a class of hydrocarbons, produced by many plants, particularly conifers. ... The mucous membranes (or mucosa) are linings of ectodermic origin, covered in epithelium, that line various body cavities and internal organs. ... Salt, sugar and pepper are the most essential condiments in Western cuisine. ...


References and external links

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Herbs and spices
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Spices African pepper · Ajwain (bishop's weed) · Allspice · Amchur (mango powder) · Anise · Asafoetida · Camphor · Caraway · Cardamom · Cardamom, black · Cassia · Celery seed · Chili · Cinnamon · Clove · Coriander seed · Cubeb · Cumin · Cumin, black · Dill seed · Fennel · Fenugreek · Galangal · Garlic · Ginger · Grains of paradise · Horseradish · Juniper berry · Liquorice · Mace · Mahlab · Mustard, black · Mustard, white · Nigella (kalonji) · Nutmeg · Paprika · Pepper, black · Pepper, green · Pepper, pink, Brazilian · Pepper, pink, Peruvian  · Pepper, white ·Pomegranate seed (anardana) · Poppy seed · Saffron · Sarsaparilla · Sassafras · Sesame · Sichuan pepper · Star anise · Sumac · Tamarind · Turmeric · Wasabi · Zedoary

 
 

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