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Encyclopedia > Pertinax
Pertinax
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Coin of Pertinax
Reign 31 December 192 -
28 March 193
Full name Publius Helvius Pertinax
Born 1 August 126
Alba
Died 28 March 193
Rome
Predecessor Commodus
Successor Didius Julianus
Wife/wives Daughter of Titus Flavius Sulpicianus, city prefect
Dynasty None
Father Helvius Successus

Publius Helvius Pertinax (August 1, 126 - March 28, 193) was Roman emperor for a short period in 193. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Commodus assassinated by a wrestler named Narcissus at the behest of Commodus concubine, chamberlain and Praetorian prefect. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... Events Asia First year of the Yongjian era of the Chinese Han Dynasty. ... Alba is town of Piedmont, Italy, in the province of Cuneo. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Didius Julianus Marcus Severus Didius Julianus (133–193) was emperor of the Roman Empire from 28 March until 1 June 193. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... Events Asia First year of the Yongjian era of the Chinese Han Dynasty. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ...

Contents

Life

Early life and rise to power

His career before he became emperor as it is documented in the Historia Augusta has been confirmed in many places by existing inscriptions. Born in Alba, the son of a freedman Helvius Successus, originally Pertinax made his way as a grammaticus (teacher of grammar), but he eventually decided to find a more rewarding line of work and through the help of patronage he was commissioned an officer in a cohort. In the Parthian war that followed, he was able to distinguish himself, which resulted in a string of promotions, and after postings in Britain (as military tribune of the Legio VI Victrix) and along the Danube, he served as a procurator in Dacia. He suffered a setback as a victim of court intrigues during the reign of Marcus Aurelius, but shortly afterwards he was recalled to assist Claudius Pompeianus in the Germanic wars. In 175 he received the honor of a suffect consulship and until 185, Pertinax was governor of the provinces of Upper and Lower Moesia, Dacia, Syria and finally governor of Britain. The Augustan History (Lat. ... Alba is town of Piedmont, Italy, in the province of Cuneo. ... A freedman is a former slave who has been manumitted or emancipated. ... Cohort may mean: Cohort (military unit), a Roman legion. ... Legio VI Victrix (Victorious) was a Roman legion founded by Octavian in 41 BC. It was the twin legion of VI Ferrata and perhaps held veterans of that legion, and some soldiers kept to the traditions of the Caesarian legion. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Southeastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now... Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121[1] – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus, a general of Marcus Aurelius, married Aurelius daughter, Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla, and rose to the rank of senior senator in Rome before twice refusing emperorship for himself. ... The Germanic Wars is a name given to a series of Wars between the Romans and various Germanic tribes between 113 BC and 439 AD1. ... Events Pope Eleuterus succeeds Pope Soter (approximate date) Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats the Marcomanni. ... Consul (abbrev. ... For other uses, see number 185. ... Moesia is an ancient province situated in the areas of modern Serbia and Bulgaria. ... Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Southeastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now... This is a partial list of governors of Britain under the Roman Empire. ...


In the decade of the 180s, Pertinax took a pivotal role in the Roman Senate until the praetorian prefect Perennis forced him out of public life. He was recalled after three years to Britain, whose army at the time was in a state of mutiny. He tried to quell the unruly soldiers there but one legion mutinied and attacked his bodyguard, leaving Pertinax for dead. When he recovered, he punished the mutineers severely which led to his growing reputation as a disciplinarian. When he was forced to resign in 187, the reason given was that the legions had grown hostile to him because of his harsh rule. Centuries: 1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century Decades: 130s - 140s - 150s - 160s - 170s - 180s - 190s - 200s - 210s - 220s - 230s 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 Events and trends Significant people Commodus, Roman Emperor Categories: 180s ... The Roman Senate (Latin: Senatus) was the main governing council of both the Roman Republic, which started in 509 BC, and the Roman Empire. ... Events Rebellion of Zhang Chun and Zhang Ju. ...


He served as proconsul of Africa in 188189, and followed this term of service with the prefecture of Rome — and a second consulship as ordinarius with the emperor as his colleague. Events Himiko is said to have begun her reign in Japan. ... Events Pope Victor I succeeds Pope Eleuterus The Prince of Hongnong succeeds Han Lingdi as Chinese emperor of Han Dynasty Dong Zhuo has the Prince of Hongnong poisoned and installs Han Xiandi as emperor. ...


Rule

Serving as urban prefect when Commodus was assassinated by his own household on December 31, 192, Pertinax was proclaimed Roman Emperor the morning after. His short reign (86 days) was an uneasy one. He attempted to emulate the restrained practices of Marcus Aurelius, and made an effort to reform the alimenta but he faced antagonism from many quarters. Ancient writers detail how the Praetorian Guard expected a generous donativum on his ascension, and when they were disappointed, agitated until he produced the money, selling off Commodus' property, including the concubines and youths Commodus kept for his sexual pleasures. In early March he narrowly averted one conspiracy by a group to replace him with the consul Quintus Sosius Falco while he was in Ostia inspecting the arrangements for grain shipments. The plot was betrayed; Falco himself was pardoned but several of the officers behind the coup were executed. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Commodus assassinated by a wrestler named Narcissus at the behest of Commodus concubine, chamberlain and Praetorian prefect. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121[1] – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... The megalopolis of ancient Rome could never be fed entirely from its own surrounding countryside. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Donativum (plural, donativa ) was the name given to the gifts of money dispersed to the soldiers of the Legions or to the Praetorian Guard by the Roman emperors. ... Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Ostia Antica was the harbor of ancient Rome and perhaps its first colonia. ...


On 28 March 193, Pertinax was at his palace when a contingent of some three hundred soldiers rushed the gates. Ancient sources suggest that they had received only half their promised pay. Neither the guards on duty nor the palace officials chose to resist them. Pertinax, although advised to flee, attempted to reason with them, and was almost successful before being struck down by a member of the Praetorian Guard. Pertinax must have been aware of the danger he faced by assuming the purple, for he refused to use imperial titles for either his wife or son, thus protecting them from the aftermath of his own assassination. March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ...


Succession

The praetorian guards auctioned off the imperial position, which Senator Didius Julianus won and became the new Emperor, an act which triggered a brief civil war over the succession, won later in the same year by Septimius Severus. Didius Julianus Marcus Severus Didius Julianus (133–193) was emperor of the Roman Empire from 28 March until 1 June 193. ... Lucius Septimius Severus (b. ...


After his entry to Rome, Septimius recognized Pertinax as a legitimate emperor, executed the soldiers who killed him, and not only pressured the Senate to deify him and provide for him a state funeral, but for some time held games on the anniversary of Pertinax's ascension and his birthday. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... GAMES Magazine is a United States based magazine devoted to games published by GAMES Publications, a division of Kappa Publishing Group. ...


Sources

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pertinax
  • Historia Augusta: Life of Pertinax

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

Preceded by
Ulpius Marcellus
Roman governors of Britain
c. 185 - 187
Succeeded by
Unknown, then Decimus Clodius Albinus
Preceded by
Popilius Pedo Apronianus and Marcus Valerius Bradua Mauricus
Consul of the Roman Empire with Commodus
192
Succeeded by
Quintus Pompeius Sosius Falco and Gaius Iulius Erucius Clarus Vibianus
Preceded by
Commodus
Roman Emperor
193
Succeeded by
Didius Julianus
Preceded by
Year of the Five Emperors
193
Succeeded by
Didius Julianus

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pertinax - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (638 words)
Born in Alba, the son of a freedman Helvius Successus, originally Pertinax made his way as a grammaticus or teacher of grammar, but he eventually decided to find a more rewarding line of work and through the help of patronage he was commissioned an officer in a cohort.
In 175 he received the honor of a suffect consulship and until 185, Pertinax was governor of the provinces of Upper and Lower Moesia, Dacia, Syria and finally governor of Britain.
Pertinax must have been aware of the danger he faced by assuming the purple, for he refused to use imperial titles for either his wife or son, thus protecting them from the aftermath of his own assassination.
Roman Emperors - DIR Pertinax (865 words)
Pertinax was born 1 August 126 in the Ligurian town of Alba Pompeia (modern Alba), roughly 35 miles southeast of Turin in northwest Italy.
Pertinax also refused to allow his children to live at the imperial residence on the Palatine and instead had the pair reside at the home of their grandfather, Flavius Sulpicianus.
Pertinax was a prudent manager, and he found that there was not enough money in the treasury to give the soldiers as a large a donative as they were wont to receive.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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