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Encyclopedia > Perth, Western Australia
Perth
Western Australia

The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River
Population: 1,507,900(2006)  (4th)
Density: 280/km² (725/sq mi)
Established: 1829
Area: 5,386 km² (2,079.5 sq mi)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST) Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 569 KB) This picture shows the Skyline of Perth, Western Australia. ... Landsat 7 imagery of the Swan River and surrounds The Swan River estuary flows through the city of Perth, in the south west of Western Australia. ... This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities, and provides rankings for each. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...

+8 (UTC)

+9 (UTC) ... ...

Location:
State District: Perth (and 33 others)
Federal Division: Perth (and 10 others)
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
23.3 °C
74 °F
13.3 °C
56 °F
869.4 mm
34.2 in
Location of Perth within Australia
Location of Perth within Australia

Perth is the capital of the Australian state of Western Australia. A population of 1,507,900[1] (December 2006 estimate) makes Perth by far the largest city in Western Australia and home to three-quarters of the state's residents. The city is also the fourth most populous urban area in Australia, and with a growth rate of 2.1% (2006) is currently the fastest growing major city in Australia (when measured by percentage).[citation needed] It is expected that Perth's population will grow at 2.5% per annum in 2007, due primarily to the booming Western Australian economy. State Final Demand, for instance, is growing at 10.2%, 12 months to March 2007 (ABS). “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Port Darwin redirects here. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... State Electoral District is a term used to refer to a voting area within Australian states. ... Perth is an Electoral district of Western Australia. ... The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. ... The Division of Perth is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Western Australia. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Image File history File links Perth_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia locating Perth. ... Image File history File links Perth_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia locating Perth. ... City of Perth is the name of the local government body charged with the responsibility of administering the affairs of Perth, Western Australia. ... Each jurisdiction of Australia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities, and provides rankings for each. ...


Perth was founded on 11 June 1829 by Captain James Stirling as the political centre of the free settler Swan River Colony. It has continued to serve as the seat of Government for Western Australia to the present day. is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Admiral Sir James Stirling Admiral Sir James Stirling RN (January 28, 1791–April 23, 1865) was a British marine officer and colonial administrator. ... Swan River Colony was a British settlement established at the Swan River on the west coast of Australia in 1829. ...


The metropolitan area is located in the south west of the continent between the Indian Ocean and a low coastal escarpment known as the Darling Range. The central business district and suburbs of Perth are situated on the Swan River. The nearest city to Perth with a population over one million people is Adelaide, which is 2,104 km (1,307 mi) away, making Perth the most isolated city with a population of more than one million in the world. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Darling Scarp, Perth, Swan River estuary. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Founded in 1829 by Captain James Stirling as the political centre of the British free settler Swan River Colony, Perth has continued to serve as the seat of government for Western Australia to the present day. This article details the History of Perth from the first human activity in the region to the 20th century. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Admiral Sir James Stirling (January 28, 1791–April 23, 1865) was the first Governor of Western Australia (1828–38) and on his own initiative signed Britains first limited treaty with Japan in 1854. ... A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ...


Prehistory

Rottnest and Garden Islands

Prior to European settlement the area had been inhabited by the Whadjuk Noongar people for over 40,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological findings on the Upper Swan River.[2] These Aborigines occupied the southwest corner of Western Australia, living as hunter-gatherers. The lakes on the coastal plain were particularly important to them, providing both spiritual and physical sustenance. Image File history File links CSIslands. ... Image File history File links CSIslands. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Whadjuk, also called Wadjuk, Whajook and Wadjug, is the name according to Norman Tindale for the Aboriginal group inhabiting the Western Australian region of the Perth bioregion. ... The Noongar (alternate spellings: Nyungar/Nyoongar/Nyoongah),[1] are an indigenous Australian people who live in the southwest corner of Western Australia from Geraldton on the west coast to Esperance on the south coast. ... Australian Aborigines are the indigenous peoples of Australia. ...


Rottnest, Carnac and Garden Islands were also important to the Noongar. About 5,000 years ago the sea levels were low enough that they could walk to the limestone outcrops. Rottnest Island from space The Basin and Bathurst Lighthouse Rottnest Island ( ) is located 19 km off the coast of Western Australia, near Fremantle. ... Carnac Island is an A Class nature reserve approximately 10 kilometres south west of Fremantle, Western Australia. ... Location of Garden Island, Western Australia Garden Island is a slender island about ten kilometres long and one and a half kilometres wide, lying about five kilometres off the Western Australian coast ( ). Like Rottnest Island and Carnac Island, it is a limestone outcrop covered by a thin layer of sand...


The area where Perth now stands was called Boorloo by the Aboriginals living there at the time of their first contact with Europeans in 1827. Boorloo formed part of Mooro, the tribal lands of the Yellagonga, one of several groups based around the Swan River and known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk were part of a larger group of thirteen or more tribes which formed the south west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar (The People), also sometimes called the Bibbulmun. Bibbulmun may refer to: Bibbulmun, Indigenous Australians from the Perth area, also known as Noongars. ...


On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area, in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia [2006] FCA 1243.[3] is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In Melbourne, the Federal Court is housed with other federal courts such as the High Court and the Federal Magistrates Court in the Federal Court Building on the corner of La Trobe Street and William Street The Federal Court of Australia is the Australian court in which most civil disputes... Native title is a concept in the law of Australia that recognises the continued ownership of land by local Indigenous Australians. ...


Early European sightings

The first documented European sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture which would be needed to sustain a settlement. Willem de Vlamingh (born 28 November 1640, died ?) was a Dutch sailor who explored the southwest coast of Australia (then New Holland) in the late 17th Century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher...

The Foundation of Perth 1829 by George Pitt Morison is a historically accurate reconstruction of the official ceremony by which Perth was founded.
The Foundation of Perth 1829 by George Pitt Morison is a historically accurate reconstruction of the official ceremony by which Perth was founded.
The Round House built in 1830 is the oldest remaining building in Western Australia
Government House, Western Australia
Government House, Western Australia

Image File history File links The_Foundation_of_Perth_1829. ... Image File history File links The_Foundation_of_Perth_1829. ... The Foundation of Perth 1829 by George Pitt Morison The Foundation of Perth 1829 is a 1929 oil-on-canvas painting by George Pitt Morison. ... George Pitt Morison in 1942 The Foundation of Perth 1829 by Morison George Pitt Morison (31 August 1861 – 4 September 1946) was an Australian painter and engraver noted particularly for his painting The Foundation of Perth 1829 which was commissioned as part of Western Australias centenary celebrations, and presented... Image File history File linksMetadata Round_House,_Fremantle,_Western_Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Round_House,_Fremantle,_Western_Australia. ... The Round House For other meanings, see Roundhouse (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1431, 890 KB) Summary Government House, Perth, Western Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1431, 890 KB) Summary Government House, Perth, Western Australia. ...

The Swan River Colony

See also: Swan River Colony

Although the British Army had established a base at King George Sound (later Albany) on the south coast of western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent. The British colony would be officially designated Western Australia in 1832, but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. Swan River Colony was a British settlement established at the Swan River on the west coast of Australia in 1829. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ...


On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland and Western Australia's Foundation Day has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard the Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had ever witnessed." On 12 August that year, Mrs. Helen Dance, wife of the Captain of the second ship Sulphur, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town. is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Parmelia was a barque that was used to transport the first civilian officials and settlers of the Swan River Colony to Western Australia in 1829. ...


It is clear that Stirling had already selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June, ended "[g]iven under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"[4] The only information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the Town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray."[5] Murray was born in Perth, Scotland, and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. It is therefore often asserted that the name was given in Murray's honour.[6][7][8] There is no direct evidence that the town was named after the Scottish town or shire, although this would seem likely.[citation needed] is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir George Murray Sir George Murray, GCB (February 6, 1772, Perth – July 28, 1846) was a Scottish soldier and politician, the second son of Sir William Murray of Ochtertyre, 5th Baronet. ... Perth (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a royal burgh in central Scotland. ... The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ... Perthshire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until 1885, when it was divided into Perthshire Eastern and Perthshire Western. ... Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups...


Beginning in 1831, hostile encounters between the British settlers and Aborigines of the local Noongar tribe – both large-scale land users with conflicting land value systems – increased considerably as the colony grew. This violent phase of the region's history culminated in a series of events in which the British overcame the indigenous people, including the execution of Whadjuk tribal chief Midgegooroo, the murder of his son Yagan in 1833, and the one-sided Battle of Pinjarra in 1834. Portrait of Yagan by George Cruikshank. ... Combatants British colonists Pinjarup tribe Commanders Governor Captain James Stirling Possibly Calyute Strength 25 soldiers 60-80 men, women and children Casualties Unknown 14-40 dead, unknown injured The Battle of Pinjarra was a conflict that occurred in Pinjarra, Western Australia, between a group of 60-80 Australian Aborigines and...


By 1843, when the tribal chief Yellagonga died, his tribe had begun to disintegrate after having been dispossessed of the land around the main settlement area of Perth. They retreated to the swamps and lakes north of the settlement area including Third Swamp, known to them as Boodjamooling. Boodjamooling continued to be a main campsite for the remaining Noongar people in the Perth region, and was also used by travellers, itinerants, and homeless people. By the gold-rush days of the 1890s they were joined by miners who were en-route to the goldfields.[9]


In 1850, Western Australia was opened to convicts at the request of farming and business people looking for cheap labour.[10] Queen Victoria announced the city status of Perth in 1856.[11]


Federation and beyond

After a referendum in 1900, Western Australia joined the Federation of Australia in 1901. It was the last of the Australian colonies to agree to join the Federation, and did so only after the other colonies had offered several concessions, including the construction of a transcontinental railway line to Perth (via Kalgoorlie) from the eastern states. The federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed a federation. ... Kalgoorlie is a Western Australian city located about 600 km east of Perth. ...


In 1933, Western Australia voted in a referendum to leave the Australian union, with a majority of two to one in favour of independence. However, an election held shortly before the referendum had turned out the incumbent "pro-independence" government, replacing it with a government which did not support the independence movement.[12] Respecting the result of the referendum, the new government nonetheless petitioned the United Kingdom for independence, where the request was simply ignored.


Perth has prospered by becoming a key service centre for the natural resource industries, being the closest city to huge reserves of gold, iron ore, nickel, alumina, manganese, diamonds, mineral sands, coal, oil, and natural gas.[13] Most of the world's major resource and engineering companies have offices in Perth. Partially as a result of this influx, Perth has become highly ethnically diverse, with over 27% of inhabitants having been born overseas (495,240 persons) and a further 414,000 having an overseas born parent (2001 census). 11% speak a language other than English at home. Two thirds of the Perth population are of the Christian faith, with other major religions including Buddhism and Islam. The proportion of the population that has no religious affiliation has remained consistent since 1991. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... Aluminium oxide (or aluminum oxide) (Al2O3) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... This article is about the mineral. ... Most sand on beaches consists of grains of the mineral quartz (SiO2). ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Synthetic motor oil An oil is any substance that is in a viscous liquid state (oily) at ambient temperatures or slightly warmer, and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally water fearing) and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally fat loving). This general definition includes compound classes with otherwise unrelated... This article is about the fossil fuel. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


Geography

Perth is one of the most isolated metropolitan areas on Earth. The nearest city to Perth with a population over 1 million is Adelaide in South Australia, which is 2,104 kilometres (1,307 mi) away. Perth is geographically closer to East Timor and Jakarta, Indonesia, than it is to Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane. It is the antipode of Hamilton, Bermuda. For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kalapa, Jayakarta, Batavia and Djakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Antipodal points on the surface of a sphere are diametrically opposite; on the other side of a globe. ... City Hall in Hamilton. ...


Central Business District

The central business district of Perth is bounded by the Swan River to the south and east, with Kings Park on the western end, while the railway lines form a northern border. St Georges Terrace is the prominent street of the area with more than two thirds of the 1.3 million m² of office space in the CBD.[14] Hay Street and Murray Street have most of the retail and entertainment facilities. The tallest building in the city is Central Park, which is the sixth tallest building in Australia.[15] Lemon-scented gums along Fraser Avenue, Kings Park Kings Park (, ) is a natural bushland park located in Perth, Western Australia. ... View west down St Georges Tce from Barrack St Old Treasury Buildings on St Georges Terrace St Georges Terrace is the main street in the city of Perth, Western Australia. ... The section of Hay Street between Barrack Street and William Street is a pedestrian mall. ... The Commonwealth Bank building stands on the corner of Murray Street and Forrest Place. ... Image of the Perth cityscape at sunset. ...

Perth, Western Australia (Jan 2005)
Perth, Western Australia (Jan 2005)

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (6544x1917, 1565 KB) Perth, Western Australia from Kings Park (January 2005) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (6544x1917, 1565 KB) Perth, Western Australia from Kings Park (January 2005) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Geology and landforms

Satellite imagery of Perth

Perth is set on the Swan River, so named because of the native Black Swans. Traditionally, this water body has been known by local inhabitants as Derbal Yerrigan.[16] A Dutch expedition in 1697 captained by Willem de Vlamingh led to Vlamingh naming the river after the black swans.[17] The city centre and most of the suburbs are located on the sandy and relatively flat Swan Coastal Plain, which lies between the Darling Scarp and the Indian Ocean. The soils of this area are quite infertile. The metropolitan area extends to Yanchep in the north, Mandurah in the south, total distance of approximately 125 kilometres (78 mi) by road. From the Coast in the west to Mundaring in the east, a total distance of approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) by road. This means that the area of Perth is over 1.5 million acres (6,100 km²). Download high resolution version (583x620, 103 KB)Aerial photograph of Perth, Western Australia. ... Download high resolution version (583x620, 103 KB)Aerial photograph of Perth, Western Australia. ... Binomial name Cygnus atratus Latham, 1790 Subspecies Black Swan New Zealand Swan (extinct) Synonyms Anas atrata Latham, 1790 Chenopis atratus The Black Swan, Cygnus atratus is a large non-migratory waterbird which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest of Australia. ... Binomial name Cygnus atratus Latham, 1790 Subspecies Black Swan New Zealand Swan (extinct) Synonyms Anas atrata Latham, 1790 Chenopis atratus The Black Swan, Cygnus atratus is a large non-migratory waterbird which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest of Australia. ... Swan Coastal Plain Swan Coast Plain from Darling Scarp The geographic feature that lies directly west of the Darling Scarp, and which contains the Swan River as it travels west to the Indian Ocean. ... Darling Range (~2000 ft elevation), Perth, Swan River estuary. ... Yanchep is located 47 km north of Perth, Western Australia. ... Mandurah is a satellite city 1 hour (72 km) South of Perth, Western Australia. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... The Shire of Mundaring is a Local Government Area of Western Australia. ...


The coastal suburbs take advantage of Perth's oceanside location and clean beaches. To the east, the city is bordered by a low escarpment called the Darling Scarp. Perth is on generally flat, rolling land - largely due to the high amount of sandy soils and deep bedrock. This abundance of sand has resulted in West Australians' being given the nickname sandgropers by the rest of the country. The Perth metropolitan area has two major river systems; the first is made up of the Swan and Canning Rivers. The second is that of the Serpentine and Murray Rivers, which discharge into the Peel Estuary at Mandurah. For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... A sandgroper is An inhabitant or native of Western Australia A type of burrowing insect found in Western Australia A beachcomber A Louisiana (US) tent camper This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Passengers leaving the Silver Star river steamer ferry at Coffee Point (site of the South of Perth Yacht Club), with the old Canning Bridge in the background. ... Serpentine Dam The Serpentine River source is in the Darling Scarp and the river discharges into the Peel inlet near Mandurah. ...


Climate

Perth's climate is a classic example of a Mediterranean climate and receives moderate though highly seasonal rainfall. Summers are generally hot and dry, lasting from late December to late March, with February generally being the hottest month of the year. Summer is not completely devoid of rain with sporadic rainfall in the form of short-lived thunderstorms, weak cold fronts and on very rare occasions decaying tropical cyclones which can bring significant falls. The hottest ever recorded temperature in Perth was 46.2 °C (115 °F) on 23 February 1991. Winters are relatively cool and rather moist, though winter rainfall has been declining in recent years. The coldest temperature recorded was -0.7 °C (30.7 °F) on 17 June 2006, and the only temperature ever recorded below the freezing point. Even in mid-winter, maximum daytime temperatures only occasionally fall below 16 °C (60 °F). Though most rainfall occurs during winter, the wettest day ever was unusually on 9 February 1992 when 121 millimetres (4.75 in) fell. On most summer afternoons a sea breeze, also known as "The Fremantle Doctor", blows from the south-west, cooling the city by up to 15°C.  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Freezing point can refer to several things: For the chemistry term, see Melting point. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A: Sea breeze, B: Land breeze A sea-breeze (or seabreeze) is a wind from the sea that develops over land near coasts. ... The Fremantle doctor is a cooling sea breeze which occours in Western Australia. ...

Climatic Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum temperature 29.7°C
85.5°F
30.0 °C
86.0 °F
28.0 °C
82.4 °F
24.6 °C
76.3 °F
20.9 °C
69.6 °F
18.3 °C
64.9 °F
17.4 °C
63.3 °F
18.0 °C
64.4 °F
19.5 °C
67.1 °F
21.4 °C
70.5 °F
24.6 °C
76.3 °F
27.4 °C
81.3 °F
23.3°C
73.9°F
Mean daily minimum temperature 17.9°C
64.2°F
18.1 °C
64.6 °F
16.8 °C
62.2 °F
14.3 °C
57.7 °F
11.7 °C
53.1 °F
10.1 °C
50.2 °F
9.0 °C
48.2 °F
9.2 °C
48.6 °F
10.3 °C
50.5 °F
11.7 °C
53.1 °F
14.0 °C
57.2 °F
16.3 °C
61.3 °F
13.3°C
55.9°F
Mean total rainfall 8.6 mm
0.34 in
13.3 mm
0.52 in
19.3 mm
0.76 in
45.5 mm
1.79 in
122.7 mm
4.83 in
182.4 mm
7.18 in
172.9 mm
6.81 in
134.6 mm
5.30 in
79.9 mm
3.14 in
54.5 mm
2.15 in
21.7 mm
0.85 in
13.9 mm
0.55 in
869.4 mm
34.23 in
Mean number of rain days 2.9 2.7 4.3 7.6 13.8 17.2 18.2 17.2 14.0 11.1 6.5 4.2 119.6
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...

Governance

Perth houses the Parliament of Western Australia, and the Governor of Western Australia. Under the new one-vote, one-value laws seats in city and country areas will be roughly of equal population size, which will mean that 34 of the Legislative Assembly's 57 seats will be based in Perth at the next state election. Perth is represented by 11 seats in the Federal House of Representatives. The metropolitan area is divided into over 30 local government bodies. The City of Perth is the local government authority responsible for the Perth Central business district, however this covers a very small section of the Perth urban area. The Parliament of Western Australia consists of the Western Australian Legislative Council, the Western Australian Legislative Assembly and the Governor of Western Australia. ... Flag of the Governor of Western Australia The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor performs important constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including: presiding over the Executive Council; proroguing and dissolving the Legislative Assembly and the... City of Perth is the name of the local government body charged with the responsibility of administering the affairs of Perth, Western Australia. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


Australia's High Court holds regular sittings in Perth, with permanent Federal Court operations. The highest court under Western Australian law, the Supreme Court is based in Perth, along with the District, Family and Magistrates' Courts. High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ... The Supreme Court of Western Australia is the highest state court in the Australian State of Western Australia. ... The District Court of Western Australia is the intermediate court in WA. It hears indictable offences except murder, treason and armed robberies. ... The Family Court of Western Australia is a State Court that deals with Family Law. ... The Magistrates Court of Western Australia is the first tier court in Western Australia, a state of Australia. ...


The Metropolitan Region Scheme (MRS) is the legal land plan covering the Perth metropolitan region. It is a large town planning scheme for land use in the Perth metropolitan area. The MRS has been in operation since 1963 and provides the legal basis for planning in the Perth metropolitan region. Area of the Perth Metropolitan Region Scheme The Metropolitan Region Scheme (MRS) is the legal land plan covering town planning throughout the metropolitan region of Perth, Western Australia. ... Urban, city, or town planning, deals with design of the built environment from the municipal and metropolitan perspective. ...


Demographics

Perth Metropolitan Area
Population by year (ABS)
1850 1,400
1861 3,507
1871 5,007
1881 5,044
1891 8,447
1901 27,553
1911 106,792
1921 154,873
1933 207,440
1947 272,528
1961 420,133
1971 641,800
1981 809,036
1991 1,142,646
2001 1,325,392
2006 1,507,900

Perth's earliest European settlers were British and Irish, and the British Isles remained the city's main source of immigrants up until the mid-20th century. This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ...


By the mid-20th century significant numbers of Italians and Greeks had settled. As Fremantle was the first landfall in Australia for many migrant ships coming from Europe in the 1950s and 1960s, Perth started to experience a diverse influx which included Dutch, Germans, Croats, Serbs, Czechs, Russians and Macedonians and many others. The names of many of these migrants are listed on the honour board outside the Maritime Museum. “Fremantle” redirects here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in...


Perth also has a sizable and vibrant Jewish community who emigrated primarily from eastern Europe and more recently from South Africa. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ...


More recently, large-scale immigration to Perth by air from the United Kingdom has continued, giving Perth the highest proportion of British-born residents of any Australian city. According to the 2001 census, 23.5 per cent of residents in the Joondalup North statistical subdivision in the north of the city were born in Britain, closely followed by Rockingham in the south with 19.8 per cent. The proportion of British-born in the Perth metropolitan area as a whole in 2001 was 12.4 per cent, or 164,488 persons. This is significantly higher than the national proportion of 5.5 per cent.[18]


Many migrants — 32,544 or 2.5 per cent in 2001 — are from New Zealand, due to the fact that New Zealanders, unlike other foreign nationals, are eligible for 'special category' visas, which allow them to live and work in Australia with little restriction. For this reason, the New Zealand-born community in Perth is increasing proportionately faster than any other birthplace group.[19]


Perth also has substantial immigrant communities from Europe — Italians are the third largest migrant group, numbering 20,611 or 1.6 per cent in 2001. Irish and Croats are also well represented.[19] Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ...

Area of the Perth Metropolitan Region Scheme
Area of the Perth Metropolitan Region Scheme

In the last three decades, South East Asia has become an increasingly important source of migrants, with communities from Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong, Indonesia, China, Afghanistan, India and Sri Lanka all now well-established. The Indian community includes a substantial number of Parsees who emigrated from Bombay — Perth being the closest Australian city to India. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (650x860, 23 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Perth, Western Australia ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (650x860, 23 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Perth, Western Australia ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ...


Another more recent wave of arrivals include European minorities from Southern Africa. Many Afrikaners and Anglo-Africans from South Africa and Zimbabwe emigrated to Perth during the 1980s and 1990s, to the extent that the city has been described as "the Australian capital of South Africans in exile".[20] One of the state's Senators, Andrew Murray, emigrated from Zimbabwe in 1989. Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ... Afrikaners (sometimes known as Boers) are white South Africans, predominantly of Calvinist German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloons descent who speak Afrikaans. ... Anglo-Africans are primarily associated with Southern Africa and British ancestry. ... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... Andrew James Marshall Murray (born 29 January 1947), Australian politician, has been an Australian Democrats member of the Australian Senate since July 1996, representing Western Australia. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


Education

See also: Western Australia for general information on education in Western Australia

Perth is home to four public universities, and one private university: the University of Western Australia, Murdoch University, Curtin University of Technology, Edith Cowan University, and the University of Notre Dame respectively. Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... The University of Western Australia (UWA) is the oldest university in the state of Western Australia. ... Murdoch University is a university with its main campus at Murdoch, south of Perth, Western Australia, along South Street near the Kwinana Freeway ( ). It commenced operations as WAs second university in 1973, and accepted its first students in 1975. ... Curtin University of Technology Curtin University of Technology is a university with its main campus at Bentley, southeast of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. ... Edith Cowan University (ECU) is located in Perth, Western Australia, (). It is named after Edith Dircksey Cowan, who was the first woman to be elected to an Australian Parliament. ... The University of Notre Dame Australia is a private Roman Catholic university established in 1990 in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle, . While the University of Notre Dame Australia has strong collegial links[1] with the American University of Notre Dame located in South Bend, Indiana, they are separate...

UWA is located at Crawley
UWA is located at Crawley

The University of Western Australia, which was founded in 1911,[21] is renowned as one of Australia's leading research institutions. The university's monumental neo-classical architecture, most of which is carved from white limestone, is a notable tourist destination in the city. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 755 KB) Summary Winthrop Hall at sunset, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA. Photograph by Greg OBeirne, taken 24th June 2004, 5. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 755 KB) Summary Winthrop Hall at sunset, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA. Photograph by Greg OBeirne, taken 24th June 2004, 5. ...


Curtin University of Technology is Western Australia's largest university by student population, and was known from its founding in 1966 until 1986 as the Western Australian Institute of Technology (WAIT) and had amalgamated with Western Australian School of Mines and the Muresk Institute. Curtin University of Technology Curtin University of Technology is a university with its main campus at Bentley, southeast of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. ... Curtin University of Technology Curtin University of Technology is a technology-focused university with its main campus at Bentley, southeast of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia. ... The Western Australian School of Mines (WASM) is a department of the Curtin University of Technology, located on the Kalgoorlie Campus, in the heart of Australias mining industry. ... The Muresk Institute is a department of Curtin University of Technology in Western Australia. ...


Murdoch University was established in the 1970s, and is Australia's geographically largest campus (2.27 square kilometres), necessary to accommodate Western Australia's only veterinary school. Murdoch University is a university with its main campus at Murdoch, south of Perth, Western Australia, along South Street near the Kwinana Freeway ( ). It commenced operations as WAs second university in 1973, and accepted its first students in 1975. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person...


Edith Cowan University was established in the early 1990s from the existing Western Australian College of Advanced Education (WACAE) which itself was formed in the 1970s from the existing Teachers Colleges at Claremont, Churchlands, and Mount Lawley. It incorporates the Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts (WAAPA). Edith Cowan University (ECU) is located in Perth, Western Australia, (). It is named after Edith Dircksey Cowan, who was the first woman to be elected to an Australian Parliament. ... The College of Advanced Education (CAE) was a class of Australian tertiary education institutions that existed from the early 1960s until the early 1990s. ... The Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts (WAAPA) is a school within the Communications and Creative Industries faculty of Edith Cowan University. ...


The University of Notre Dame Australia was established in 1990. Notre Dame was established as a Catholic university with its lead campus in Fremantle and a large campus in Sydney. It is the only Western Australian University with a campus in another major Australian city. Its campus in Fremantle is set in the west end of Fremantle within historic port buildings built in the 1890's giving Notre Dame a distinct European University atmosphere. Notre Dame is affiliated with the University of Notre Dame in Indiana USA. It is also the fastest growing University in Australia. The University of Notre Dame Australia is a private Roman Catholic university established in 1990 in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle, . While the University of Notre Dame Australia has strong collegial links[1] with the American University of Notre Dame located in South Bend, Indiana, they are separate... Fremantle is a city located within the Perth metropolitan area on Australias western coast, at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometres south from Perths Central Business District. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Fremantle is a city located within the Perth metropolitan area on Australias western coast, at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometres south from Perths Central Business District. ... Fremantle is a city located within the Perth metropolitan area on Australias western coast, at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometres south from Perths Central Business District. ... The University of Notre Dame IPA: is a Catholic[4] institution located in Notre Dame, an unincorporated section of St. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ...


Colleges of TAFE (Technical and Further Education) provide trade and vocational training, including Diploma level courses. TAFE was formed in the 1970s to provide technical courses previously offered by WACAE.


Culture

Perth Convention Exhibition Centre seen from the air between the Perth CBD and Swan River

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1633, 2628 KB) Summary Perths Central Business District and the Swan River viewed from the air. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1633, 2628 KB) Summary Perths Central Business District and the Swan River viewed from the air. ... The Perth Convention Exhibition Centre is a convention centre located in Perth, Western Australia. ...

Arts

The West Australian Art Gallery houses the state's premier art collection and hosts numerous impressive visiting exhibitions, like 2006 Norman Lindsay exhibition. Additional exhibits occur at Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts and many other smaller venues on a regularly across Perth. A concrete and steel sculpture by Norman Lindsay depicting a female nude in an erotic pose Norman Alfred William Lindsay (February 22, 1879 – November 21, 1969) was a prolific artist, sculptor, writer, editorial cartoonist, and scale modeler. ... Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts (PICA) is Western Australias premiere contemporary visual and performance arts venue. ...


The Perth Concert Hall is the city's main concert venue and hosts theatre, ballet, opera and orchestral performances. Other theatres include an auditorium at the Perth Convention Exhibition Centre (completed in 2005), the historic His Majesty's Theatre and Burswood Dome, which hosts music concerts. Outdoor concerts are held in Kings Park and Subiaco Oval, and the Convention Centre on the foreshore replaces the Burswood Dome until a more satisfactory building is established. Perth Concert Hall Perth Concert Hall is a concert hall in the centre of Perth, Western Australia. ... The Perth Convention Exhibition Centre is a convention centre located in Perth, Western Australia. ... His Majestys in 1930 His Majestys Theatre (nicknamed The Vag) is a theatre in Perth, Western Australia. ... Burswood Resort and Casino Burswood International Resort Casino is located on the Swan River some five minutes from the city of Perth, Western Australia. ... Subiaco Oval, known colloquially as Subi, is the highest capacity sports stadium in Perth, Western Australia. ...


Sport

The climate of Perth allows for extensive outdoor sport activity, and this is reflected in the wide variety of sports available to citizens of the city. Perth was host to the 1962 Commonwealth Games and also the 1987 America's Cup defence (based at Fremantle). Australian rules football is the most popular spectator sport in Perth - some 1,030,000 people attended WAFL or AFL matches in 2005.[22] Perth is home to several elite sporting teams from various sports: Sport is an important part of the culture of Western Australia. ... Countries which participated The 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Perth, Western Australia, Australia from November 22 to December 1. ... The Americas Cup is the most famous trophy in the sport of yachting, and the oldest active trophy in sports. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... The West Australian Football League (WAFL) (pronounced waffle) is the premier state based Australian rules football league in Western Australia. ... This article is about the national league in Australian rules football. ...

Perth also has and is currently home to numerous state and international sporting events such as: West Coast Eagles Football Club is an Australian rules football club competing in the Australian Football League. ... Fremantle FC logo The Fremantle Football Club, colloquially known as The Dockers, are one of 16 teams in the Australian Football League. ... The Western Warriors (referred to as Retravison Warriors for sponsorship reasons) are an Australian first class cricket team based in Perth, Western Australia. ... Perth Glory FC is a football (soccer) club from Perth, Western Australia, playing in the A-League. ... The Perth Wildcats are an Australian basketball team competing in the National Basketball League. ... Western Force is a rugby union team based in Perth, Western Australia playing in the international Super 14 competition. ... Union website www. ... The Perth Orioles are an Australian netball team. ...

  • In 2002, Perth hosted the World Lacrosse Games,[23] which included the World Lacrosse Championships (won by the United States), the Australian Youth Lacrosse Championship, a Masters (35+ year old), Grandmasters (45+), and International Open Championships.
  • The 1991 and 1998 FINA World Championships were held in Perth.[24]
  • Every year Perth hosts the Hopman Cup, an international tennis tournament, generally in the first week of January. This is held at the Burswood Dome, and is broadcast internationally.

Perth also boasts a large river with expansive ski zones which has led to the popularisation of many Surface Water Sports such as Skurfing, Wakeboarding, Kiteboarding, Skiing, Biscuiting to name just a few. FINA World Championships or World Aquatics Championships are held every two years. ... The Hopman Cup is an annual international team tennis tournament held in Perth, Western Australia in early-January (sometimes commencing in late-December) each year. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Burswood Resort and Casino Burswood International Resort Casino is located on the Swan River some five minutes from the city of Perth, Western Australia. ... The first dam, near the start line at Northam The Avon Descent is an annual, two-day, white water event involving both paddle craft (kayaks, surf skies) and small motor boats. ... This page discusses whitewater rapids. ... Rally Australia (currently Telstra Rally Australia) is an automobile rally competition held in Perth, Western Australia. ... Red Bull Air Race heat held at Kemble airfield, Gloucestershire, England in June 2004 The Red Bull Air Race World Series, established in 2003 and sponsored by Red Bull, is an international series of air races with the participation of at least five pilots for each race, in which competitors... Perth Water is the section of the Swan River between the Causeway to the east, and Narrows Bridge to the west - a large wide but shallow section of river on the southern edge of the City of Perth, Western Australia. ... The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... For the womens version of the game, see Womens Test cricket. ... A night match at Old Trafford One-day cricket is a version of the sport of cricket that is completed in one day, as distinct from Test cricket and first-class cricket which can take up to five days to complete. ... The WACA (pronounced wakka) is a sports stadium in Perth, Western Australia. ... Gravity Games is a multi-sport competition, broken down into Winter and Summer versions, which feature a variety of extreme sports such as skateboarding and BMX freestyle (during the summer) and snowboarding (during the winter). ... Surface water sports can be divided into two different types; towed water sports and non-towed surface water sports. ... Surface water sports can be divided into two different types; towed water sports and non-towed surface water sports. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wakeboarding is a surface water sport which involves riding a wakeboard over the surface of a body of water behind a boat. ... Kiteboarding, or kite landboarding, is based on the ever-growing sport of kitesurfing. ... // Water skiing began in 1922 when Ralph Samuelson strapped two boards to his feet and rigged a clothesline up to his boat on Lake Pepin in Lake City, Minnesota. ... Tubing behind a personal watercraft on the Mississippi River. ...

His Majesty's Theatre
His Majesty's Theatre

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 393 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Perth, Western Australia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 393 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Perth, Western Australia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1501 KB) Barrack Street, Perth, Western Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1501 KB) Barrack Street, Perth, Western Australia. ... View south down Barrack Street, from the corner of Murray Street. ...

Music

Main article: Music of Perth
Main article: List of musical acts from Perth

Perth is relatively isolated from other Australian cities so overseas artists often exclude it from their Australian tour schedules. This isolation, however, has developed a strong local music scene, leading some to dub Perth the "new Seattle".[26] Perth is a city in Western Australia, known for having produced a number of very famous performers. ... This is a list of musical acts from Perth, Western Australia. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ...


The three Farriss brothers, who are members of the world renowned band INXS come from Perth, and AC/DC lead singer Bon Scott is from the Fremantle area. INXS (pronounced In Excess) are an Australian rock group. ... This article is about the band. ... Ronald Belford Bon Scott (July 9, 1946 – February 19, 1980) was a Scottish born Australian rock musician. ...


The more popular rock concerts held in Perth are the Big Day Out (nationwide) and Rock-It (Perth only). The city is also the setting to the Pavement song "I Love Perth". The term, rock concert, refers to a musical performance in the style of any one of many genres inspired by rock and roll music. ... The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ... A promotion poster for Rock-It 2005 Rock-It is an Australian music festival usually held twice every year at the Arena in Joondalup in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. ... Pavement was an influential American indie rock band in the 1990s. ...


Perth has a very changeable and, at times, energetic Folk music culture. Bands such as The Settlers regularly played at Clancy's Fish Pub in Fremantle and the earlier line ups of the Mucky Duck Bush Band that now has regular bush dances in Whiteman Park. A favourite spot was the Hayloft in West Perth - home of WA Folk music in the 1970s and later moving to the Peninsula Hotel in Maylands. Perth is also home to a vibrant alternative sexuality music scene, focused especially around such nightclubs as "The Court" and "Connections". It also has a large growing electro indie scene through such nightclubs as "The Amplifier Bar", "The Manor" and "Cassette". Perth is also known for it's thriving Drum & Bass scene and is know as the capital city for Drum & Bass Music in Australia. Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... Whiteman Park is a 4000 hectare (10,000 acre) bushland area located 22 km north of Perth, Western Australia. ... Transperth Maylands Train Station Maylands is a suburb approximately 5 kilometres north-east of Perth located on the shore of the Swan River. ...


Perth is home to the West Australian Symphony Orchestra which performs a regular programme of orchestral music, usually from its base at the Perth Concert Hall. The Perth International Arts Festival also includes music in its schedule. Opera is provided by West Australian Opera. The West Australian Symphony Orchestra (WASO), often known as the Orchestra of the West is the premier professional orchestra of the state of Western Australia. ... The UWA Perth International Arts Festival is a cultural festival held in Western Australia. ...


WA Youth Musicallows young musicians in Perth to gain performance opportunities by playing in a musical ensemble. The Western Australian Youth Orchestra is WA Youth Music's premier and flagship ensemble, however the organisation offers several other ensembles including the WA Youth Symphonic Band and the WA Youth Chorale. Acceptance is granted to amateur players under the age of 25 years. Auditions are held in November of each year.


Infrastructure

The Northbridge Tunnel on the Graham Farmer Freeway
The Northbridge Tunnel on the Graham Farmer Freeway
Aerial view of Fremantle looking east towards Perth

Image File history File linksMetadata GrahamFarmerFreewayTunnel_2005_SeanMcClean. ... Image File history File linksMetadata GrahamFarmerFreewayTunnel_2005_SeanMcClean. ... Entering the Northbridge tunnel on the Graham Farmer Freeway, Perth. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1182 KB) Summary Perth Railway Station, Western Australia. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1182 KB) Summary Perth Railway Station, Western Australia. ... Perth Train Station (sometimes called City Train Station) is the largest railway station in Perth, Western Australia, and functions as an interchange between the Armadale / Thornlie, Clarkson, Fremantle and Midland railway lines. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 520 KB) Summary Fremantle and the Swan River viewed from the air, looking east towards Perth CBD. Photograph taken by Kristian Maley, 4 June 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 520 KB) Summary Fremantle and the Swan River viewed from the air, looking east towards Perth CBD. Photograph taken by Kristian Maley, 4 June 2005. ... Fremantle is a city located within the Perth metropolitan area on Australias western coast, at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometres south from Perths Central Business District. ...

Transport

Main article: Transport in Perth

Perth is served by Perth Airport in the city's east for regional, domestic and international flights and Jandakot Airport in the city's southern suburbs for general aviation and charter flights. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Perth Airport (IATA: PER, ICAO: YPPH) is an Australian domestic and international airport located south of Guildford, Western Australia, and is the major commercial airport servicing Western Australias capital city, Perth. ... Jandakot Airport, (IATA: JAD, ICAO: YPJT) is an Australian general aviation airport located in Jandakot, Perth, Western Australia. ...


Perth has a road network with three freeways, nine metropolitan highways and no toll roads.


The Northbridge tunnel, part of the Graham Farmer Freeway is the only significant road tunnel in Perth. Entering the Northbridge tunnel on the Graham Farmer Freeway, Perth. ...


Perth metropolitan public transport, including trains, buses and ferries, are provided by Transperth, with links to rural areas provided by Transwa. There are 59 railway stations and 15 bus stations in the metropolitan area. The rail system is currently undergoing significant redevelopment, with a new railway line being built between Perth and Mandurah which will double the length of Perth's railways. This is expected to be completed in December 2007, a year after the original deadline. Bangkok Skytrain. ... This article is about trains in rail transport. ... This article is about the form of transport. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... The new B Series trains delivered from 2004 service the popular Northern Suburbs Line and will run on the under construction Mandurah Line Transperth is the brand name of the public transport system in Perth, Western Australia. ... Categories: Public transport | Western Australia | Substubs ... This is a list of the 59 suburban railway stations in Perth, Australia. ... This is a list of the 15 suburban bus stations in Perth, Australia. ...


Recent initiatives include progressive replacement of the bus fleet and the SmartRider contactless smartcard ticketing system. Perth provides zero-fare bus and train trips around the city centre (the "Free Transit Zone"), including three high-frequency CAT bus routes. Additionally, the rail network has been expanded in the northern and southern suburbs as part of the New MetroRail project. SmartRider is Transperths new contactless electronic ticketing system using smartcard technology to simplify the process of charging patrons for public transport. ... A smart card, or integrated circuit(s) card (ICC), is defined as any integrated circuitry embedded into a flat, plastic body. ... Zero-fare public transport services are funded in full by means other than collecting a fare from passengers. ... The Perth Central Area Transit System (Perth CAT), or simply CAT, is a set of three bus routes in the center of Perth, a bus route in Fremantle, and a bus route in Joondalup. ... New MetroRail is a committie set up by the Public Transport Authority. ...


The Indian Pacific passenger rail service connects Perth with Adelaide and Sydney via Kalgoorlie. The Transwa Prospector passenger rail service connects Perth with Kalgoorlie via several Wheatbelt towns, while the Transwa Australind connects to Bunbury, and the Transwa Avonlink connects to Northam. Fresh from the launch of the new Indian Pacific livery on 24th September, NR 28 hauls the Indian Pacific out of Perth (through Maylands) on Wednesday, 28th September 2005. ... The Transwa Prospector is a passenger train that runs between Perth, Western Australia, and the Goldfields town of Kalgoorlie. ... Location of the Wheatbelt region Wheat paddock near Quairading Grain storage silo near Quairading Land degradation caused by salinity; near Babakin The Wheatbelt region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. ... Australind in Transwa livery at the Bunbury Passenger Terminal. ... This article is about the city of Bunbury. ... The Avonlink railcar departs Northam Station for Merredin. ... Northam (Latitude 31° 38 0 S, Longitude 116° 40 0 E) is a town in Western Australia, birthplace of Shirley Strickland, Frederick Henry Piesse and Carmen Lawrence. ...


Rail freight terminates at the Kewdale Rail Terminal, 15 kilometres south-east of the city centre. Kewdale Freight Terminal is a large intermodal rail facility in the Perth suburb of Kewdale, Western Australia. ...


Perth's main container and passenger port is at Fremantle, 19 kilometres south west at the mouth of the Swan River.[27] A second port complex is being developed in Cockburn Sound primarily for the export of bulk commodities. Cockburn Sound is an inlet of the Indian Ocean on the coast of Western Australia. ...


Water supply

The distinctive WA Maritime Museum building on Victoria Quay
The distinctive WA Maritime Museum building on Victoria Quay

Reduced rainfall in the region in recent years has lowered inflow to reservoirs by two-thirds over the last 30 years, and affected groundwater levels. Coupled with the city's relatively high growth rate, this had led to concerns that Perth could run out of water in the near future.[28] The Western Australian State Government has responded by introducing mandatory household sprinkler restrictions in the city. In November 2006, a sea water desalination plant was opened in Kwinana, able to supply over 45 gigalitres (1.0×1010 imperial or 1.2×1010 U.S. gallons) of potable water per year;[29][30] it is powered by electricity produced at the Emu Downs Wind Farm near Cervantes.[31] Consideration was given to piping water from the Kimberley region, however the idea was rejected in May 2006 due primarily to its high cost.[32] Other proposals under consideration included the controversial extraction of an extra 45 gigalitres of water a year from the Yarragadee aquifer in the south-west of the state. However in May 2007, the state government announced that a second desalination plant will be built at Binningup, on the coast between Mandurah and Bunbury. [2] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 213 pixelsFull resolution (5468 × 1454 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 213 pixelsFull resolution (5468 × 1454 pixel, file size: 1. ... A rotary irrigation sprinkler in action. ... Level 5 water restrictions in Goulburn in 2006. ... Sea water is water from a sea or ocean. ... Shevchenko BN350 desalination unit situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ... The Town of Kwinana is a Local Government Area of Western Australia. ... The litre or liter (see spelling differences) is a unit of volume. ... The Imperial units or the Imperial system is a collection of English units, first defined in the Weights and Measures Act of 1824, later refined (until 1959) and reduced. ... The U.S. customary units (more commonly known in the US as English units or standard units) are the non-metric units of measurement that are presently used in the United States, in some cases alongside the metric system of units. ... The gallon (abbreviation: gal) is a unit of volume. ... The 80 MW Emu Downs Wind Farm ( ) is a joint development between Stanwell Corporation and Griffin Energy and construction of the $180 million project commenced in November 2005. ... Cervantes (30°29′ S 115°04′ E) is a town in Western Australia. ... The Kimberley is one of the nine regions of Western Australia, consisting of the local government areas of Broome, Derby-West Kimberley, Halls Creek and Wyndham-East Kimberley. ... The Yarragadee Aquifer is a significant freshwater aquifer located in the south west of Western Australia and predominately beneath the coastal plain west of the Darling Scarp. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well. ... Binningup (; post code: 6233) is a town located on the coast in the South West of Western Australia between Mandurah and Bunbury. ...


References

  1. ^ Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2005-2006. Australian Bureau of Statistics (www.abs.gov.au).
  2. ^ Sandra Bowdler. The Pleistocene Pacific. University of Western Australia.
  3. ^ Bennell v State of Western Australia [2006] FCA 1243. AustLII. Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  4. ^ Stirling, James (18 June 1829). "Proclamation".
  5. ^ John Fremantle, 4th Baron Cottesloe (ed.) (1928). Diary & Letters of Admiral Sir C. H. Fremantle, G.C.B. Relating the the Founding of the Colony of Western Australia 1829. London: Hazell, Watson & Viey. 
  6. ^ Uren, Malcolm (1948). Land Looking West. London: Oxford University Press. 
  7. ^ Crowley, Francis (1960). Australia's Western Third. London: Macmillan & Co. 
  8. ^ Statham, Pamela (1981). "Swan River Colony", in Stannage, C. T.: A New History of Western Australia. Nedlands: University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 0-85564-181-9. 
  9. ^ History of the Town of Vincent. Town of Vincent (Internet Archive copy). Adapted from 'History of the Town of Vincent', from Town of Vincent 2001 Annual Report, p.52 (possibly based on J. Gentili and others)
  10. ^ A Brief History www.perth.wa.gov.au
  11. ^ History of Perth worldfacts.us
  12. ^ [1] www.ccentre.wa.gov.au
  13. ^ Geoscience Australia - Australia's identified mineral resources, 2002. www.ga.gov.au (PDF 2 MB)
  14. ^ Perth, commercial area information
  15. ^ World's tallest skyscrapers by country
  16. ^ Indigenous Affairs. Department of Indigenous Affairs 4 (2006).
  17. ^ 175th Anniversary of Western Australia - Heritage Icons: January - The Swan River (English). Department of the Premier and Cabinet (Western Australia) (2004-12-31). Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  18. ^ 2001 Census Community Profile Series : Joondalup (C) - North (Statistical Local Area) (English). Australian Bureau of Statistics (2002-11-19). Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  19. ^ a b 2001 Census Community Profile Series : Perth (Statistical Division) (English). Australian Bureau of Statistics (2002-11-19). Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  20. ^ Packing for Perth because of the poo! (English). Cape Argus (2006-03-06). Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  21. ^ Visitors - History of the University (English). The University of Western Australia. Retrieved on 2007-04-14. “The University of Western Australia has helped to shape the careers of more than 75,000 graduates since it was established in 1911.”
  22. ^ http://www.wafl.com.au/default.aspx?s=newsdisplay&aid=93746
  23. ^ Radio National - The Sports Factor - 05/07/2002 (Program Transcript) (English). Radio National. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (2002-07-05). Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  24. ^ Marsh, David. "'New Era' For Swimming", The West Australian, West Australian Newspapers Ltd, 1997-05-28, p. 139. Retrieved on 2007-04-14. (English) 
  25. ^ Ramsay, Heather. "Rivalry on the River", Taranaki Daily News, Fairfax New Zealand Limited, 2006-11-14, p. 9. Retrieved on 2007-04-14. (English) 
  26. ^ Creative WA (English). Tourism Western Australia. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  27. ^ Port Information (English). Fremantle Ports. Retrieved on 2007-04-14.
  28. ^ Dortch, Eloise. "Plan for a second desalination plant", The West Australian, West Australian Newspapers Ltd, 2005-05-07, p. 1. Retrieved on 2007-04-14. (English) “A document dated January 12 obtained by The West Australian under Freedom of Information laws shows that the Water Corporation fears Perth will begin running out of water by late 2008 without one of the two developments.” 
  29. ^ Premier opens Australia's first major desalination plant (English). Water Corporation (2006-11-19). Retrieved on 2007-04-14. “When fully operational it will produce on average 130 million litres per day and supply 17 per cent of Perth's needs.”
  30. ^ Staff writer. "Kwinana desalination plant open in months", ABC News Online, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2006-09-26. Retrieved on 2007-04-14. (English) 
  31. ^ Perth Seawater Desalination Project (English). Water Corporation (2006). Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. “To reduce the environmental impact, electricity for the plant will be produced from a wind farm nearing completion located 30 km east of Cervantes.”
  32. ^ State Water Strategy, May 2006, "Kimberley Water Source Project" www.statewaterstrategy.wa.gov.au

// The Free Access to Law Movement is umbrella name for the collective of legal projects across several common law countries to provide free online access to legal information such as case law and legislation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Admiral Sir James Stirling Admiral Sir James Stirling RN (January 28, 1791–April 23, 1865) was a British marine officer and colonial administrator. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... John Walgrave Halford Fremantle, 4th Baron Cottesloe (1900-1994) was Chairman of the Arts council and the South Bank Theatre Board. ... Charles Thomas (Tom) Stannage AM, PhD (Cambridge), born 1944, is a prominent Western Australian historian and academic. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... The Cape Argus is a daily newspaper published by Independent News & Media in Cape Town, South Africa. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Western Australia (UWA) is Western Australias oldest university, established in February 1911. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... ABC Radio National is an Australia-wide radio network with many various programs, involving news and current affairs, arts, music, society, science, drama and comedy. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... The West Australian (often simply called The West) is Perths only locally edited daily newspaper, and is owned by ASX-listed West Australian Newspapers Limited. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... The West Australian (often simply called The West) is Perths only locally edited daily newspaper, and is owned by ASX-listed West Australian Newspapers Limited. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Perth, Australia
  • Perth (Australia) travel guide from Wikitravel
  • City of Perth website
  • Perth photos

Coordinates: 31°57′8″S 115°51′32″E / -31.95222, 115.85889 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Perth, Western Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2968 words)
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Perth Western Australia (471 words)
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Perth the capital of Western Australia, is an ideal destination for international students.
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