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Encyclopedia > Personal trainer

A personal trainer is a fitness professional hired for private instruction to help a person achieve fitness goals. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOV Wikipedia policy is that all articles should be written from a neutral point of view. ... Shortcut: WP:RULES Wikipedia is a collaborative project and its founders and contributors have a common goal: Wikipedia has some policies and guidelines that help us to work toward that common goal. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ...

The basic components of fitness include muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Other components such as speed, power, balance, etc may also be addressed. The definition of health in this sense is an absence of disease. If someone is outside the scope of practice (younger, older, has a disease) they should be referred to a doctor before they work with a trainer to give them a nice shape.

The emphasis on personal training should come from the personal trainer's understanding of what works best for their client and an understanding of human movement. It is not just about pushing someone hard, but more about working out at an effective level to achieve their goals. A few people need only one session to get them on the right track, ensure their program is balanced, and answer their questions. Others prefer to work with a trainer for several months to get in the habit of exercise and to see actual results. And still others who can afford the price prefer to work with a trainer indefinitely because they feel that they will get better results and have more fun working with a trainer then working alone.

Personal training is fast moving away from the image of having a personal trainer stand next to the athlete shouting at him/her to work faster/harder, without consideration of the wealth of variables that can be tweaked to ensure quick results. There are many personal trainers who offer their clients a range of services from exercise testing to postural exercises to helping with habitual behavior change. Look up Athlete in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... While not moving, a human can be in one of the following main positions. ... For the Pet Shop Boys album of the same name see Behaviour Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. ...

The average personal trainer should only work with so called "healthy populations". While this line is not distinct, it is certainly the case that no personal trainer that is not accredited by NCCA should be working with certain populations. Some higher-level certifications, such as ACSM Health and Fitness Instructor, are able to deal with certain diseases, but it is always best to consult your doctor. Exercise Physiologists are legitimately able to deal with individuals with chronic and complex diseases.


Certification in the United States

Certification is offered by several reputable organizations. Certification shows a minimal standard of knowledge in the area of personal training. Different certifications may be more fitness focused or sport specific. A Certified Personal Trainer will have the letters "CPT" after his or her name. Certification, the process of certifying, or a certificate may refer to: Professional certification Product certification Cyber security certification Digital signatures in Public-key cryptography RIAA certification, RIAA Single certification in music, such as Gold or Platinum Film certification, also known as Motion picture rating system See also Accreditation External links... It has been suggested that Organizing be merged into this article or section. ...

Unfortunately, anyone can start an "organization" and send out certifications. For some time this was causing significant problems within the industry including client injuries and death and the loss of credibility for those within the profession. This happened because the "trainers" were not trained, so to speak. (Please see section, "Why NCCA Exists)

In 2001, IHRSA, the leader in the commercial fitness club industry, asked that clubs hire only personal trainers who have earned certifications with third-party accreditation from a nationally recognized certification commission. (It is important to remember that gyms may still have risky personal trainers on staff). Of over 400 certifications in the fitness industry, fewer than a dozen are accredited by a third party. Most accreditors require a bachelor’s degree in a health field, examinations, CPR certifications and continuing education credits. Currently, IHRSA recognizes those organizations accredited by the National Commission for Cerifying Agencies under the National Organization for Competency Assurance. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Third party is a term used in several contexts, including: Third party (politics) Third-party manufacturers: See aftermarket. ... A professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation often called simply certification or qualification is a designation earned by a person to certify that he is qualified to perform a job. ... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ... Continuing education may refer to one of two types of education. ...

List of Accredited Certifications

NCCA is the third-party accreditation body for personal training certifications in America. NCCA also serves as the accrediting body for other health professions (see "Role of the NCCA" below) The following is a current list of all NCCA-endorsed certifications as of December 15, 2006. These are certifications that met minimal requirements to receive the NCCA accreditation. It is advisable to copy this list before talking to a personal trainer. People considering a career in this field should also become familiar with this list.

  • American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM): The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)and The National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) set the knowledge base for the industry,are both members of the accreditation boards, and are widely considered to be the "Gold Standard" in the industry[citation needed]. ACSM and NASM certified professionals are also able to work with the widest variety of populations and must master the most up-to-date information in the field. ACSM does not require a bachelor's degree for certification.
  • National Strength & Conditioning Association (NSCA) - UCLA conducted a study on personal trainers who were already in the industry. The study attempted to test individuals with different levels of experience and different certifications. Experience after five years was not a strong predictor of the personal trainer's knowledge, however certain certifications were. Only two certifications were identified as having the highest levels of knowledge: ACSM (above) and NSCA. The researchers recommended that clients seek out those trainers. They also emphasized the value of getting a trainer with a degree in the field. Malek, et al (2002). "Importance of Health Science Education for Personal Fitness Trainers". The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 16 (1): 19-24. 
  • National Council on Strength and Fitness (NCSF)
  • National Federation of Professional Trainers (NFPT)
  • American Council on Exercise (ACE)
  • The Cooper Institute (CI)

The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) sets the knowledge base for the fitness industry[citation needed]. ACSM offers certification for personal trainers. ... The National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) is a certification, research and fitness education organization that was founded in California in 1987. ... The gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic measure of value is gold, and the currencies which are used as units of account are specified as a weight of gold, ideally fixed and not subject to change, and where all currency issuance is to one degree...

Role of NCCA

The importance of finding an NCCA accredited certification cannot be overemphasized. The accreditation was put in place after numerous reports of injury and often death at the hands of trainers who were "certified." Many trainers simply obtain their certification by taking a quick online test. There are several mail-order "certifications", and several certifications which have extremely low or suspicious standards of achievement.

Critics of the NCCA mention that more of a practical component should be tested. Still, the NCCA itself attempts to establish a minimal level of acceptable knowledge, and it is difficult to have reliable means of testing practical ability. While certifications like ACSM and NSCA require a great deal of technical and scientific knowledge, others are less rigorous. Some of the six NCCA certifications are considered to be too easy by those in the industry. However, the standards do allow for a minimal level of accepted knowledge, and anything below NCCA standards is truly unacceptable and dangerous.

Another item of importance is the effectiveness of a workout. If a trainer does not have a strong understanding of anatomy, kinesiology, and other subjects, workouts may be less effective.

Clients should always be sure to ask where their personal trainer was certified. Programs which do not require a written test and a college degree or at least 75 hours of classroom instruction should be carefully scrutinized. In addition, any reputable program will require both CPR certification and at least ten hours of continuing education per year. A college degree is not the same as certification. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ...

Personal trainers can be certified with more than one organization. Doing some with substandard weekend certifications is usually not a good sign, as this is often used to bolster substandard certifications. However, doing so with reputable organizations is typically a good sign as different certifications focus on different populations. For example, an ACE or ACSM certification is excellent for those working with the general population. ACE and ACSM help people develop a comprehensive exercise program, lose weight, get healthier, or alleviate medical conditions. However, athletes who are already in peak condition and who are training for serious competition may benefit more from a trainer who has a certification related to athletics, such as the NSCA certification.

Warning Signs of Inadequate Certifications

There are many certifications which attempt to either fool the client or confuse a potential personal trainer into believing the certification is legitimate. Deaths and injuries due to improperly certified trainers lead to the standard of NCCA accreditation for legitimate organizations. Still, there are several warning signs which are helpful for identifying inadequate certifications:

You can also locate, compare and contact a personal trainer for no charge by using the trainer locater tool at http://www.personaltrainer.cc. The web site allows trainers to list all of their certifications, education and experiences and rates all listed trainers on a 1-5 star scale based on the combination of their credentials.

  Results from FactBites:
Personal trainer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3863 words)
A personal trainer will help his or her client develop and maintain a level of physical condition by designing a specialized exercise regimen for said client.
Personal training is fast moving away from the image of having a personal trainer stand next to the athlete shouting at him/her to work faster/harder, without consideration of the wealth of variables that can be tweaked to ensure quick results.
There are many personal trainers who offer their clients a range of services from exercise testing to postural exercises to helping with habitual behavior change.
Personal Trainer (269 words)
Personal trainers guide and motivate clients to reach their peak fitness potential.
Personal trainers must have a strong understanding of the functions and vital processes of the human body so they can effectively design and deliver personal nutrition and physical fitness training programs.
A good personal trainer must be energetic and motivating, always encouraging their clients to reach maximum performance.
  More results at FactBites »



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